Beyond attendance orcirculation numbers…Participation andcollaboration with teens from passive to active…
POLL QUESTION #1:Who is out there? Which best describes you:I work primarily with teensI “do it all” including work w teensI am a school librarianI’m the Director of the libraryI’m the “lucky” person “designated” to work with teensI am a Library Science StudentI am in a room full of people interested in teen services!
This week…Foundation•Teen participation•Why teen participation & libraries•“Ladder of Teen Participation”Teens in your community•Library’s reach Programming teen involvement in program development and implementation discovering and fostering communities of interest Teen Leadership Councils and groups volunteers formal/ casual/ off-site opportunities
From inward to outward…Teen library programming is not an end unto itself; without service context does not move the library toward the realization of goals,which must include “activelyinvolving teens in the planningand implementation of servicesand programming for their age group(YALSA/RUSA).”
Teen Participation“… is the involving of youth inresponsible,challenging actionthat meets genuine needs,with opportunities for planning and/or decision-makingaffecting others in an activitywhose impact or consequence is extended to others...” --The National Commission on Resources for Youth in the United States, 1975
Teen collaboration* may be somethingyou have to advocate for…. http://www.amarillomagonline.com/article/239 * or basic service
Teen Services…Becoming corein the traditionallibrary landscape•Entitlement•Possibilities•Expectations•Necessities
Why is teen/librarycollaboration important? … for libraries … for teens http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4142/4815206453_4565d99438.jpg
Why is teen/library collaboration important? … for teensGain: developmental assets cultural & social competencies meaningful participationPlay decision making rolesTake ownership of the libraryValued & respected bycommunityCivic engagement
Why is teen/library collaboration important? … for libraries•Useful, relevant, and appealing to teens•Teens take ownership•Less inward more outward focused•Community of asset builders•Legitimately involve teens•Opportunities to build greater organizational capacity & credibility
YouthParticipationModelExpressEvaluateArticulate http://www .f lickr.com/p hotos/victo riap ubliclibraryAssess how your library is doing now and helpset goals for the future.
Roger Hart created a model for thinking aboutyouth participation as a continuum of activities.
Rung #3adult initiated action;shared decisions withyouthinitiated by adults but thedecision making is sharedwith young people
Rung #2youth initiated anddirected actionsyoung people initiate anddirect a project or program.Adults are involved only ina supportive role
Rung #1youth initiated actions,shared decisions withadultsinitiated by young peopleand decision making isshared betweenyoung people and adults.
What’s your impression?Most teen related services/activitiesat your library are currently…#1 youth initiated actions, shared decisions with adults#2 youth initiated and directed actions#3 adult initiated action; shared decisions with youth#4 youth are consulted and informed#5 youth are assigned but informed#6 tokenism#7 decoration
Possible indicators ofteen/ library collaboration… NOT! http://tametheweb.com/2008/08/28/library-fail/
POLL QUESTION #2: Have you ever planned a library program for teens and no one showed up ?? (I have.)
“How do I get teens toshow up for programsat the library?”
inward to outward&teen programming is for teens
teen programming is for teens “We are not teens… but we think we are.”
http://www.flickr.com/photos/cyndipix/2850529664/in/photostream/Know the teens you serve…and not just the teens you see… Know the community you serve…
gaining teen participation…teens you see everydayschool groupsoutreachhomeschool groupsschool counselorsschool librarianscomic book store
This is all stuff you maysuspect (know!) already…Questions to ask yourself...how does your library currently engage teens?how does your library approach attracting teensto the location?what do teen find whenthey visit your library?
participation… to collaboration TLCs “Regulars” Communities of Interest Volunteers
Teen Leadership Council Ingredients: Teens Staff advisor/ facilitator Meeting (consistency!) Responsibilities & decision-making that affect broader group
in an asset framework EMPOWERMENT Community Values Youth | Young person perceives that adults in the community value youth. Youth as Resources | Young people are given useful roles in the community. Service to Others | Young person serves in the community one hour or more per week.
asset framework SOCIAL COMPETENCIES Planning and Decision Making | Young person knows how to plan ahead and make choices. Interpersonal Competence | Young person has empathy, sensitivity, and friendship skills. Cultural Competence | Young person has knowledge of and comfort with people of different cultural/racial/ethnic backgrounds. Sense of Purpose | Young person reports that "my life has a purpose."
Teen Leadershipteenlibrary boardmember"Here I was -- a 17-year-old at meetingswith adultprofessionals. Butpeople treated me withrespect, and theyrespected my opinion."
Teen advisory group“The more we increase the activeparticipation and partnership withyoung people, the better we servethem. And the morecomprehensively we work withthem as service partners, the morewe increase our public value to theentire community.” – Carmen Martinez, Director Oakland Public Library http://sparkaction.org/node/27408 Youth show their support local libraries at Thursdays Council meeting, which may be impacted with the mayors budget cuts http://oaklandlocal.com/sites/default/files/i/citycouncil2.jpg
Formalizedcity-wide / local / independent http://www.oaklandlibrary.org/links/teens/index.html
proximityMonday Nights @ CentralWhat are we doing tonight??Consistency
Collaborating with“The Regulars”More casual / spontaneousBased on interests ofevolving groupPlay a “local” decisionmaking roleEmphasis not on “hosting”programming for peers –but implementing ideas forgroup The perfect storm of “we want to cook”.
Communities of interest A “community of interest” is a group of people who share a common passion.
Based on what youknow is popular… What do you think might be a “teen” community of interest? (answer via chat)
Communities of interest• do not rely on what youthink you know(or the things YOU like…or the thing you thinkteens like…)• know what’s going on inyour community• tap into gaps• rely on teens totell you• add “library-ness”(mission value)
QUESTION #3: Does your library have teen volunteer opportunities?
task based teenvolunteersproject basedvolunteers
task based teenvolunteers Make it official! &Spontaneously on the spot! Assessment of interestsbe open to nontraditionalshelvingdecorate teen spacereviewing itemsworking on teen blog.. (more on these later!)
task based teenvolunteersFocus onwhat teensaregaining…
teen volunteers pitfalls... not having enough for a teen volunteer to do... colleagues who are not comfortable with teen volunteers doing anything… not having staff to train/supervise teen volunteers
Your role:Foster andfacilitate…Find resourcesDevelop partnershipsGrow usersBuild communityAdvocateFormalize
Programming Policy Formalizing teen participation/ collaboration as a success measure Making it part of your teen service mission and vision.
Programming Policy SAPL - Teen Program Development Guidelines: •Teen Library Program development will NOT be passive – with the Library in the role of “creator” and the teen patron in the role of “attendee.” •Teen Library Programming will NOT originate from: •the interests of library personnel •library staffs’ or community members’ perception of the interests of teens •library staffs’ or adult community members’ presumption of what is “good” for teens. Teen Library Programming WILL originate from: •Teens with library staff assuming the role of facilitator and guide during the process •Teens will actively participate in program development, implementation and play a role in the decision making process.
Getting to baseline: (homework.)Of the population served by the How many students attend thelibrary, approximately what high school closest to yourpercentage is made up by teens location?(13 to 18)? Based on the size of the teenLook at demographic/ population vs. the number ofeconomic information about active teen library cards – isthe community you serve. there potential to increaseWhat picture forms about your teen library usage?typical user? In the last year how many teensIn your library database attended library programs? Howdetermine how many teens have many teen programs were“active” library cards. offered?
You need to know…Does your library keep How are teenseparate statistics on the programming decisionsnumber and attendance of made in yourteen programs? organization?Does your library have a Are there teen programmingseparate budget for teen guidelines/ policy/programming? If there is a centralization?budget – what is the fundingamount based on? How do teens find out about teen libraryHow do you report teen programs/ activities?programming activities to:your supervisor,administration, library board?(like statistics, narrative, orboth - or other)