Libraries and Linked Data: Looking to the Future (3)
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Libraries and Linked Data: Looking to the Future (3)






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  • All things should have URI if possible. Note that in the parlance of the semantic web, even the relationships, formally, are things. This may be true, but I find that it is easier to think of things and relationships separately because we do think of them differently, even though they will both take the form of URIs.
  • We have an idea of what the library “things” are.
  • But we don’t want to create library things – we want to idenitify universal things that will link to and intereact with the same things when they occur in other metadata. The things in library data are, for the most part, not unique to libraries. People, places, events, topics, and even books and journals and pieces of music… there are many communities that are interested in these things, and a surprising number who are including them in metadata.One area of our modern concept of library resources that is still puzzling to the members of our community who are working on linked data is what to do about the division of resources into the FRBR concepts of Work, Expression, Manifestation and Item. The pre-FRBR bibliographic data in which these are pretty much blended into a single thing is closer to the rest of the world’s idea of resources to be defined by metadata. So there is a bit of a dilemma here, and I’m going to skip over this particular issue because it is more than a bit of a morass, and we could get stuck there for a while. Just know that there are good minds working on how we’ll connect FRBR-ized bibliographic data to non-FRBRized data both within libraries and on the web.
  • other products as well. online demos.
  • IMLS grant – modules to teach developers and programmers how to use the tools.

Libraries and Linked Data: Looking to the Future (3) Libraries and Linked Data: Looking to the Future (3) Presentation Transcript

  • Vocabularies, linking, and application programmingTOOLS FOR LLD
  • Things relationshipthing thing
  • types of things1. things we are describing/cataloging – either as subjects or objects2. relationships (were: data elements)3. controlled vocabularies
  • Library things Work Object PersonExpression Place FamilyManifestation Concept Corp Item Event
  • Library things Work Object PersonExpression Place FamilyManifestation Concept Corp Item Event
  • Linked data cloud
  • Linked Open Vocabularies
  • Swoogle
  • Swoogle
  • Identifying People• Friend Of A Friend – “foaf-a-matic”• Wikipedia – any person’s page URL• Worldcat Identities• New York Times• MusicBrainz• BBC• Virtual International Authority File (
  • Identifying Places• Geonames http://geonames/org/• Wikipedia• AGROVOC (FAO subject thesaurus) –• LCSH• BBC• New York Times
  • Identifying Topics• WikiSpecies• BBC Wildlife Ontology• National Agriculture Library Thesaurus• AGROVOC (FAO)• Various library subject thesauri (LC, Bnf, DNB, BNE, Japan)• Many, many more
  • Finding bibliographic data
  • “”
  • programmers and application developersDEVELOPMENT
  • Lists of toolsW3C Semantic Web tools – categories: APIs, converters, reasoners, programming environments, browser tools, social media, triple stores, validators, development environments
  • Lists of toolsSweet tools, by Mike Bergman agents, annotators, APIs, ontology creators, browser tools, application frameworks, converters…
  • Metadata developmentProtégé http://protégé (free)
  • Thesaurus development educational licensing
  • Programming Apache Jena“Java framework for building Semantic Webapplications.”• Tutorial!• Getting started help!• Documentation!
  • Programming Pellet“OWL2 Reasoner for Java”•Users group listserv.•Examples in download.•Commercial support available.
  • Programming Snoggle“a graphical, SWRL-based ontology mapper toassist in the task of OWL ontology alignment”
  • Programming Virtuoso SPARQL query editor SPARQL by Example example tutorial!
  • Thank you!… AND THAT’S JUST A TASTE
  • inks.html