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Introduction to beowulf
 

Introduction to beowulf

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Introduction to Beowulf and epic literature

Introduction to Beowulf and epic literature

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    Introduction to beowulf Introduction to beowulf Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Beowulf British Literature Ms. Koroknay
    • Why study Beowulf ?
      • It is considered the oldest piece of literature in the English language
      • Involves common/universal themes we still see in literature today
      • Example of epic poetry
      • Written in Old English (basis for the English we speak today)
    • 300s B.C. Celts in Britain 55 B.C–A.D.409 Roman Occupation A.D. 449 Anglo-Saxon Invasion A.D.878 King Alfred against Danes A.D. 1066 Norman Invasion A.D. 400–699 Spread of Christianity Beowulf probably first created during 8th century- between 700-750, but depicts earlier time period early 6th century
    • Anglo-Saxon Society
      • • Warrior-based society, led by strong warrior chief
      • • “ Warfare was the order of the day” (between
      • clans, tribes, and outside invaders)
      • • Anglo-Saxon life was dominated by the need to
      • protect the clan and home from enemies.
      • • Fame and success were achieved through loyalty
      • to a leader, and success was measured by gifts
      • received from leaders.
    • What we don’t know…
      • Who wrote Beowulf- Poet unknown…scholars think it was originally told by someone of pagan religion but recorded by a monk due to Christian elements present in the story.
      • Exactly when it was written
      • How much is based on truth (historical fact)
    • What we do know
      • Written in Old English (basis for the English we speak today)
      • Some characters actually existed
      • Written down sometime during 11 th Century (1000s)
      • Probably first created during 8 th century- Composed between 700-750, but depicts earlier time period…early 6th century.
    • How Beowulf was shared
      • A scop is a storyteller
      • • They memorized poems and stories and recited them in front of audiences.
      • • The poems and stories changed as they were passed from generation to generation
      • • The epic of Beowulf was finally written down in the eleventh century.
      • • Beowulf came from earlier folktales describing monsters and dragons and brave warriors that were loyal to their heroic chiefs.
    • A little background…
      • Beowulf is a Geat – a country that is now southern Sweden.
      • • The beginning of the story takes place in Denmark in the kingdom of Hrothgar.
      • • Grendel is a monster that has been terrorizing the Danish people (Hrothgar’s people).
      • • Beowulf comes to kill Grendel to help Hrothgar (because backin the day Hrothgard helped Beowulf’s father, Edgetho)
    • Map of Europe today
    • Beowulf ’s Europe
    • Old English vs Modern English
      • Old English
      • "... alegdon tha tomiddes maerne theoden
      • laeleth hiofende hlaford leofne
      • ongunnon tha on beorge bael-fyra maest
      • wigend weccan wudu-rec astah
      • sweart ofer swiothole swogende leg
      • wope bewunden"
      • Modern English translation
      • The sorrowing soldiers then laid the glorious prince, their dear lord, in the middle. Then on the hill the war-men began to light the greatest of funeral fires. The wood-smoke rose black above the flames, the noisy fire, mixed with sorrowful cries"
    • Works Consulted
      • www.grammardoc.com
      • https://schoolweb.dysart.org/TeacherSites/uploads/4073/2009-2010%20Webpage/Beowulf%20Introduction.pdf
      • http://www.salem.k12.va.us/staff/lvent/Anglo%20Saxon%20Beowulf%20PPT%20for%20Careers.pdf
      • Language of Literature Gr 11