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  • 1. Frankenstein NotesNovel can be considered Romantic, Science Fiction, and GothicRomantic Elements: - Imagination and emotion are more important than reason/rules - Imagination is a path to go above and beyond experience and truth - Use of intuition, human nature, natural feelings - Lack of control, rationality - Emphasize love of nature, respect for primal aspects of humans - Many ills of society are from rules, over-governed, urbanization - Romantics were interested in the Medieval past, the supernatural, the mystical, the “gothic,” and the exotic; - Romantics were attracted to rebellion and revolution, especially concerned with human rights, individualism, freedom from oppression; - Emphasis on introspection, psychology, melancholy, and sadness. http://www.odessa.edu/dept/english/dsmith/Gothic Elements: Emphasis on the grotesque Mysterious Atmosphere of horror and dread Potrayal of the deterioration of the world Decayed, ruined senery Protagonist is an isolated or alienated individual pitted against an “evil”’ antagonist who has fallen from grace A “wanderer” character—either protagonist or antagonist or both In the end, the protagonist must be saved through the runion with a loved one Includes elements of the supernatural but can be applied to the real world www.ucdavis.edu/gothicnovelFrankenstein = synonymous with “monster” - modern day allusions to monsters - scientificexperiemtns gone wrong - modern day/futuristic robots, cloningNovel exemplifies/personifies a modern fear: “science run amok” (science gone crazy and wrong)Women roles in novel are traditional * servants, dependent on men * passive *grateful for a decent (arranged) marriage * absence of mother figure means a broken family; broken soulThemes of responsibility - -