Lecture # 03 (mass media & pakistan)Presentation Transcript
Film industry of Pakistan
Dr. Akhlas Ahmed
Lecture # 03
March 3rd 2014 (Makeup Class on
March 13th 2014)
The Birth of Cinema (1890-1900)
The history of film began in the 1890s, with the invention
of the first motion-picture cameras and the establishment
of the first film production companies and cinema.
The first public exhibition of projected motion
pictures in America was at Koster and Bial's Music
Hall in New York City on the 23rd of April 1896.
The Silent Era (1896-1931)
By 1930, silent film was practically
extinct in the US and already being
referred to as "the old medium”.
Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin, (16 April 1889 –
25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker,
and composer who rose to fame in the silent era. Chaplin
became a worldwide icon through his screen persona "the
Tramp" and is considered one of the most important figures in
the history of the film industry
The Pre-Independence Period (1931-1947)
July 7th 1896, cinema was introduced to India
When the Lumiere brothers' Cinematographer
showed six short silent films at Watson's Hotel
1896, Hiralal Sen started filming scenes of
theatre productions in Calcutta, inspired by
English professor Stephenson who had brought
to India the country's first bioscope.
Harish Chandra Sakharam Bhatavdekar
imported a camera from the London
1897, First Indian documentary, a wrestling
match in Hanging Gardens, Bombay showed.
1913, Raja Harish Chandra released first full-
length silent feature film.
Birth of Pakistan: August 14th 1947
Pakistani film industry:
A case study
The Formative Period (1948 – 1958)
The Golden Era (1959 – 1969)
The Period of Great Change (1969 – 1979)
The Period of Crisis (1979 – 1990)
The Period of Ups & Downs – (1991-1999)
The Revival Period – (2000-2010)
Cinema in Pakistan: Timeline
The cinema of Pakistan refer to the Pakistan’s
film industry. While Pakistan film industry is
known as Lollywood. Therefore, the word
Lollywood used for the Pakistani film industry.
The word "Lollywood" was first coined in
magazine Glamour published from Karachi by a
gossip columnist Saleem Nasir.
Lollywood industry based in the city of Lahore.
Most of the feature films shot in Pakistan are in
There are many films shot in local languages like
Punjabi, Pashto, Balochi and Sindhi
Few films also shot in English language as well.
Before 1971, Pakistan had three main film
production centers: Lahore, Karachi and Dhaka.
August 7th 1948, first Pakistani feature film Teri
Yaad was lunched at the Parbhat theatre, Lahore.
1946, Eveready pictures was established by J.C
1947, Evernew studios established in Lahore.
April 7th 1950, film Do-Ansoo was released with
first silver jubilee status.
April 29th 1951, film Chanwey debut by first
female director Madam Noor Jehan
1952, Jagga Daku produced by Faqir Ahmad
Shah Directed by Saqlain Rizvi launched
June 3rd 1954, film Sassi released by
Eveready Pictures reached golden jubilee
April 1955, Famous Singer Ahmed Rushdi
started his career after singing his first song in
Pakistan "Bander Road Se Kemari".
March 12th 1956, First Sidhi Language Film
Umar Marvi released.
July 17th First Nigar awards launched by film
journalist Ilyas Rashidi
The '60s decade is often cited as being the
golden age of cinema in Pakistan.
Many A-stars were introduced. in this period in
time and became legends on the silver screen.
As black-and-white became obsolete.
1960, first color film Azra launched by Munshi.
April 23rd 1964, Sangum first full-length
colored film released by Zahir Raihan
First colored cinemascope film Mala launched.
Discuss Downfall of Pakistani Film Industry
Time: 45 minutes
Q. Watching dramas’ on television are very
common in Pakistan. Explain with reasons?
Deadline: 20th April-2014
Develop a case study on Pakistani film
Submit through Trunitin