William K Harvey
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William K Harvey

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Drunk CIA assassin bum.

Drunk CIA assassin bum.

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William K Harvey William K Harvey Document Transcript

  • .... .. ~ APPROVED F02 Rf.IIIS£ 19!4 REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES ... CIA IUSTGIICAL R£w:w FROGtWA ( ( ~ ... , • :- •• • • • : f • Accord.inK to.ataternc:nts by a senior CIA o{(icer in 1967, made to the Inspector Cr.nc:ral, lhe 14;ency w~s instructed to develop a Termed a.o "executive actloa capability to conduct assassinations. cap<Lbility," such a project wu i..Utiated in 19l.l, apparently assumJnt a.a existing cryptonym, ZR.RlFLE. (tho acun~ At the request of the caae o!!lcer o!!icer providing this information in 1967), ... cldlldestine asset in Europe, QJWIN, was to be used in the project. The ~aae oUicer u.oderstood that QJWIN had been considered in 19£.0 !or use in the assassination o{ Patrice Lurnumba, but t11at the proposed opera.tion was nc·er- c.1rdr :l o~.:t bcc.,u s c the r!<:aiJn"l<:d CIA case oUicer declined thr. a!lslcnmcnl. The case o£Cicer in ch.1rge o C Z lUUFLE also w.lS involved in an O?erat!on to a:u:lssinate Fidel Castro, running fr om early 19!1Z to rn.id-1?63. Hcwever, QJWlN was not used in trus cHert, reliance being placed instead on a Cub"a exile l eader. QJWlN was never brie!ed on the Ca s tro operation , according to t he offic er handline ZRRlFLE and the Castro opera ti o n. Records do 5how that QJ'lN was di spatc hed to the Co ngo in 1960, beir.g th <!re in Nov<!mbo::r and Dec embe r 1960 , privr t o tht: r. -' r• ""T • r :!. ~:, ~ . .... )· • ..... • • • • : • I • I ~., .. .,.~ ....... ·~·4,...:,...4...,_~. .. ,£·AI~.,. . ..,.· 'J- ~,. w.; . . J OJ WIN
  • . ( ~ ·~ REPRotuceo~A,+rHE NATIONAL ARCHIVES dc::&th ~) ( Lumum~.A .lt th~ h.lnds cFto;,sulc:sc.-. demise. The c~ se o(flcc:r who w~s the source ~ l!o"'C:'I.~r. there is no o( the in!...~rm~tion o{ the contempl.l:ed use of QJWIN in such ~ acti-ity wH.Ic:r~t "~'d tb~t he w>1s nc·c:r used in this m>1nner. ThC' (ollowin& inform.ltion re,icwa existing k.nowledse beyond that summariHd .lbove. A 13 October 1960 dispatch fro ransmits notea to hcadq~.;.lrters !rom ono of tho two o!ficers who subsequently met QJVlN in Lu.'<embourg . The notes list the n~mes of P"lico o!fidah &.nd criminAl clcmenta "'--ld allude to the pouibilities o( Cind.ina sue- crackers and uocwnent - suppliera. QJ'tiN w.u met in Lu.'<embour~ on 19 and ZO October 1960 by two Ag e nc)' oHio.:crs .llld WOlS}skcd i! he wen: !,! :JU<-r tak<! ~trip to A!ricOl, preSlmably Dakar. (The a~propri~tc djspotch, d,ted . 2 November 1960, li s t" only ·- - s AI!•Jrc s .5ees.) He w>1s not given the true obje c tive o f his m.is sio n bcc:~,;s.:- of ita extreme scnsiti,i ty >1nd pending a l:nal c!c c i sio n to us ~· him. Inste ad , bo w.u told that t.'le Soviets were op.:rating in Africa :mons nation~lity group., , S?ecific>llly Corsieo:~ns, o:~nd ~e was .bcin~ i skc:d to spot, as s ess, our use. ;:"1..! r ecommend some d cpcnc!.,bl e , quick-wittcct persons for He o:~gre c d to so on the trip. Cn 2 No vember QJ'."lN wa.s met i n F r .:l.r.k!urt by 0n A:;enc y o Hi ccr-, and he ;lCC~ptcd fr-"' L.... .J . ~L .5 2 ... .-· _' s~ --•• '- 1: of!<!r to
  • .. . -.... ( AT THE. NATIONAL ARCHIVES REPROOUCE.D ' .. •.. : ,..::1 proceed to Leopo•lvillc. (~ f" "(t . . "''t (Ptc:sum3blr he Ide. Cor ~endjns him there orlgln.&t.:od "t hcadq u.1 rtcrs bc-.;.1use somco:le mu•t h.&-e con•ltlcrcd him quiliCled to h.1ndle .& polenti~ oper.&tion thecc~.) The procl•o mission w;u not c o nveyed to OJWlN, and he wa1 only ln!o rm ed thal tl11:1 mluion might involve~ l.1rsc cle ment oC p er sonal risk. We do not know and at present .&re un.1blc to determine what the assi&nment wa1. . SubHquc:nt cable trAffic discusses arrangement• !or OJWIN lo ao !lrat t o Leop oldville ~nd then to Ouar. On 8 December QJWIN wa• in Leopoldville where he cultivated a clou personal relations hip with a Yuso slav Air F o rce pilot. an what follow suggestion • in cable tralCic to recruit him. approach OJWlN 1hould However, a spcci.:ll chnnnel FI/D cable of 14 ra te11 this tar set as milq;inill wh~n There cons ide red .1~;1inst the u•• D~cember C r.>..~n.ework oC plilnll Cor QJ'1:--l and instru c ts him t o desist if il Clion has not alr e ady bccn taken. T ho first par-agraph oC this cab le states that we '·ould like restri c t Q.!Wl N to ac ti'l.;ty directly pertinent his missio n L copoltlvi ll c or fo rthco min<; mission Dak;,.r and poBibly els.ewhere (c. g. , Mil.1n) fo r Fl/0 purpose s. we wluh keep him clean o{ H e our only asset of thi s trpe and any oper-:tion;ll involvement o ther th~n th;,.t originally p l:l.J.ned C r him." This c:blc would t end to ru le out o hlVolvemenl in .:~.n assssination plot. since it is hil;hly unlikely that ... "' . ['· "'I.~-·'1.~ ) ~4:"-0~ u .· . - ... -' i !. I
  • • • ....._ REPRODUC~AT THE•AATIONAL ARCHIVES ~ --- ··-· ( ( ~~ r · ·~~~ L~ &n lndividu.l1 picked for 1uch .a 1c:n:sltive and d~nl)eroul ;usl,nrnent v.-ould be burdened with olhe r chore :I or "•sibn.ment~ immec.liately thereiller. Lun1umb~ was stil.: OlUvo, albeit under arrest, as of the middle o( Ja.m.iuy 1961, &nd it seem• clc:u that QJWIN hOld left t..be Congo in December 1960. A 19 Decc.mber cable to Leopoldville ~uthoria:e• to pay hlrn 1000 dollars !or December sa.hry, which i• the !in~l paymt~nt !or hla aervice.J on thia operation. Also, headquarter• wa• working out the deta.ils of a Congo ualgnment. An 11 Janu~ry 1961 headquarters mcmor~dum, wh.ich refers toT/A's dated 21 December 1960, s:.1!..:s that the rc!ercncc-<J amo11 nt:; w.~ rc sivcn to QJWIN by the Chief of S t . ' t i o n , I - T h i s ausscsts lhat QJ1N was ln ~on or before 21 December. . Subseq,u cnt1y, it appears that QJWlN operat~d ia Europe trying to spot <l.lld assess individuals whom the A~; c ncr could usr. in sale- cracking operations, in line with one of the princip.1l missions ol A 2· May 1962 FI/D. wa s had bee n cancelled. choice, deemed a good Also, a Z4 April 196 ·1 di s pt.:~ch !rom [ •- :l....C..:.' • I . ... ·~ .. . • _.., l... --- · 4 ·· -~ --------- . .. . - ' ··. which
  • ( • -. r-· REPRODUCED AT THE. NATIONAL ARCHIVES ~' ,mcntionJI the! tcrm..lnation o( OJW1N 1s ,.... :J. cOntract, r~Cer1 to the (.H:t thAt hia only Alelgnrraent since J.tnu~ry 1?6Z h3s been to ~5hblish cover. Agency o!Ciccra who were h.l.ndling QJWIN In F:urope wco:-e Almo!lt certainly unaware o! the Ca.ct th.J.t he wcu being con5idercd a1 .l.n ~•set by the l'enior Aaency oUici.U who had begun to become active Ln Febru.lry 1962 in the aa&aasin~tion plot a.gain5t Ca•tro. An undated (EYES ONLY) memorandum from the Deputy Director (Pia.na) re!era to a 19 February 196Z memora.ndwn and authorizes the retention of tho aervices of QJWlN in activitiea which we have identified colncidcotial with the asoassin3tion plot against Ca:Jtro. the rcCcrcncc mcmorandwn coincides with t11c &I The date ol time that the senior Agency official became actlvcly involved in thie; entcrpri!le, A mcmorandunl of 27 June 1963 dealing with the further h<J.ndling of QJWIN mehtion9 that this enterprise has been terminated, except lor one precautionary "life line." In summary, it is almost certain that QJWIN had nothing at all to do with the assae;sination of Lumumba, even thou[;h the contents and langu~q;e of available files arc oft..::n cryptic .J.nd impreci!Je. been, it is highly unlii:.cly th:1t the number o! A,:::cncy oHicers IC he had h~1-ndling and contemplating assignments Cor him would have been so large. Tho
  • { - REPRODUCED ATfTHE<NATI~~RCHIVES "' ~.u .. .,.l . h~adql:utcr;s alla, -.rit..~ I (_ . division Cor whom he wor ... c.;! "Q.· .as concern ed, Inter obt.1ining forelga cipher .t..nd coec book•, and It Ia reasonable to conclude th.1t QJWlN's primary and exclusiv~ responsibility wae to find indivhlu.1h who could do thh kind o! j.:lb. One ol the o!liceu who fir.et mel QJWtN in Luxembourg was on a trip ov~rteat •.o {Llld ea.Jecrackers ..nd documeot-suppllere. mentions keeping him which ..,as ap~d!ically cle~ The 1-1 O~c~mber 1?60 cable a.nd using hirn in Dakar and pouibly Mila.n, mentioned in the 13 October dispatch .u ollerlnJ good possibilities for finding safecrackers .l...'d docurnent-auppllere. Further, &ood trad~c r.ut practices would dict<ltu t.llat the last thlng that would keep an lnJividual clean would b.c bvolvement in an asu.ssination plot. Although the Chief o( Fl.'D coincidentally waa later al>sisncd responsibility Cor the C.:1stro .:>;>~ration , there ia no cvi.den.:e to sugcest that he was pdvy t o assassination plots prior to his brio:Gng in l.1te 1961. While QJWIN w.:1s consiJe red (or use ill the "executive action capability'', there is no information availa hl c t o su~a;est that he had ever been a?;>roachcd in this regard, much lc .is used in any o( tllo planning. 6 I ------~ · -- - - · · . - (l'"f':F£r. ·',. . .'- ·'r,L ... J; .l..
  • ~----:- '- .. . ( . . -I REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES -,ct:-'ms cl('.:lf n~srd on ,1,".lldOle f'o,!('ncr l'C Hut the -~<tncy w.:u in no w:1y involved in the ~3S.l.ssin.atio:'l of LW11umb~. However. ln the course o[ our rc.5cArch. two Olspccts o! the LUllumbA story •urf•ccd th.tt ind.ic.:1te A~ency inVllvcmrnt in .a plot. in:~tance, In the 0:1e. our 1967 source mentioned the n.lmc of an A&cncy o(Cicer who was designated as lh4t c,ase officer for .a.n a3s.~ossination plot against Lumwnb~, but rcport~d that he lu.d declined the assignment. That officer w.ts the originator of a. 19 J:X.ccn&ber 1960 c.J.ble to Leopold ville in which he authorized the return of QJWIN to - n Zl Decem~er to await furtller instructions a.J).d the payment of 1000 dollars to h.im for his December sa.h.ry by the ~tation. The last paragraph of the cable ad,ises Lcopoldville th::Lt headquarters is working out assignment lor QJ'JN. The same ~Jfficer u,~ details o! .1. Congo was the orisinator o( & 31 J<1nuary 1961 memorandum dealing with p:1ymcnts to QJYIN. In the second inst.l.nce. a 17 Dcc~.:m.ber Leopoldv:llc deals with the activities o( 1960 cable from a newly recruited agent, 'VIROGU£, whose m .bsion was to try to sp0t j)Crsons for a· surveillance team, intclti;,;cnce assets {witll o::tnph.:tsis on Orientale Province), and p.aratnilitary assets. The sc.:ond pd.ragraph of the cable rncntio:ls that he resided in the same hotel as QJWlN (although neither knew of the others CIA connection) .l.nd that he aptJro:ched -t~~-) l~~'-.7 ~-:-r~~·. '-'- : .. _i
  • ( ...._ the 1.tter on REPRooXEO AT nie NATIONAL ARCHIVES ~ r. c... ._• .,-- , . 14 ncccml.H•r with ,,n o.rc·r·oc )00 dou).rS per month to I pa.rticip;a.tc in an intell ige nce net and to be a member oC An "executloa ~>quAd." When QJWIN .u..id that he wu not interested, WlROGUE adJed th;a.t there would be bonuses lor speci.ll jobs. The cAble mentioned in pa.ragr;,ph 6 that the Stati.o n was concerned with the Cree wheeling of WlROGUE, his lack oC 6ecurity, his inability to finance~. WiS and his unwillingness to C ollow Instructions. h~dle The Station willing to keep h.im on probation, but believed his recall would be the best solution. A .suggested altern;a.tive was to put him in Stanleyville to try to obtain immediate intelligence on that area. In~ o( atternpt to reconstruct events, Africa Division was apprised the above and was as ked to .search its records in an attempt to clarity what WlROGUE was up to in the Congo and ~is rc!crcnce to~ ''execution squad." The research cUd not clarify the· matter to any great extent, althougl-t some assumptions can be anade on the basis o( circumstantial evidence. On 19 S~pt.:mber 1960, two meml.Jers ol Africa Divi sion met with WIROGUE to discuss an operational assignment in that division. In connection with the a ss ignment, h.: was to be trained in d emolitions, small arms, :tnd m e d k al inunWlization. In Octobc:r 1960, a cable to Leopoldvill~ stated that he was being prepared (or a deep cove r assisnmcnt to arrive Lcopoldville late 8 ·-·~.~ 0 . P. r- r Sf.~ .._ • 0 ·.' -----........
  • - ( r cu:r.c.: , I REPROOUCED AT THE N,A.TIONAL ARCHIVES ~ I Jfciclqu.1rt~r.s ••~nt In ord~r to"(~) :t<>t.:d t.".c oq;Anirc: ~:ld ln~~n t to c0nduct us~ ~ him .u utility ~ .su•'"eil~n c ~ t~~m; (b) intercept pack.:1g~s; (c) blow up bridges; ~nd (d) C;(~culc oth~r &sslanments requiring positiV'C action. to Leopoldvillc:. atations ~llhou~b Indeed, he lUs m~y utili::.~lon is not be subje c t t o c.l1 by it is e..,,cctc:d !or rum to t.:> be restricted oth~r Airlca..n be re.sident in LeopoldvUlo. WlROGUE urived in Leopoldvillt: on Z December 1960. II Hie case oUicer gave: hlzn the following instructions: (.1) to build co,·er possihly ~d (b) to try to apot peucuu Cor & ~arMnilitary ~ssetJ. surveillance teaJn, intelligence ;u.sct.s and Shortly alter arrival, WIROGUE r;m into OJWIN, who later told tho I elati on that WIROGUE l ooked like an inte ll igence asent. to r~cruit ln att~mpting OJWIN Cor his "e:oc_ecution squ:1d", WlRO GUE e:oc-cccded his instructions to avoid making appro:1~:hcs without chcck.ing l.ilh Leopoldville Stathn. In January 1961, at the rcque sl o( the LC <' j>o ldvillc St.1tion, WlR()(:VE w .u Br March, give n permjssion to t.1kc !lying lessons. be b.1d o'tit.1ined the position in that ca;> city he was usctl b y CIA ior the -.. ,.. ·~ - . ·--
  • ' If~ cl,·p.lrtccl L copoldvi llo In J u ly be cauao he h~d run Into diCCiculty obl.:.lrling Ol residence pe rmH, o&nd hh CIA contr~ct w~s terrnin~ted In S e ptember 1961. Africa Diviaion believes th.1t WIROGU£ w;u rcct·Jitcd fo r hl1 Congo assignment beca'u •e of his third country natlon;a.l b.lckground in order to eat;a.bllah ;a. aJpport mechanism in Leopoldville. At the time the Congo was in chaoa, we h~d few asseh there, and th.• lii<elihood existed th;a.t tho political situation would dcgeneute quic kly. The St.atlon poasibly nlso wanted to have a latent paramilitary capability. An October 1964 asu-asment o! WlRO Gt;E indic atea little Oap potential with him since he knew little auoJt the Agency. most in o( ~ ny He apent his time t ryi ng to develop co11t.1cts and was not clircctly Involved p.uticular operation. - "--~ [L. · v .•.!.ol ) 10 r. .,.. _ r ; ----- .. l ·- - ., S:. . ·:.·_--r . -~ -· -·- ·. --· ...
  • 11' ·. ..:..· X • ... 110 INDCliiiCI llQUIR(D Olllf QUAUnto DOll CAll IIIOCl IIIOOIIIt . ::.,' , ,. .. ':'. ~ t t. ' ·"'.! . • t' ., ·.). •.: !• j I S,G4 '! I ; - .... j {Rl~[p){R?WJIDJlliJ(t]~~@~ b0~@{}{]~[8Jm1DJ , .... APPROVm FOR R£LFJS£ 1993 . CIA HIST~RICAl R£Vf£W PROGRAM GU0330G 2 ot 43 --- ------- PAGE c:.?"{ NO. I
  • l .. . ... APPROVED FOR RELEASE 1993 CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM X OM.Y QUAUJI(D DOl _.· . ·~· ~i . .... .·· qJVJl t~(·"f~RM I. NAT I ON AC~-~~f'4 t:•a• • ' •;-:.:.-~~-~ ~-: CM IU()C;{ IMOO:IIIt ··• · t~H54:.:~:;;· :. fEBRUARY 0 0 0 ,. 0 0 : .: 0 0 • o 00 ,. ·::",. ~ h .. ,. · Q'JWir~· .ftAS · BEEN i 1 • TERM I NA"Tto.,·. TPLD H I.M O"! 21 /PHI L . ~:·; T.H'A'·f ..t·l:f~·. ,op,ER~fi,ON .. IN VIHic;.H HLWAS TO PLAY A . ROLE HAO' . BEEN Stit:LVEO .. ·~ · · :Xt:io'· .rJi~·B~ro.Rt...!iff.'$ ...CQNTRAcr,. wH'icH RAN. QUT oN. 29. FEsRuARv, w~s ~or ,.::· fiE Niw'i.O~-'. : wA.~:~ ~t~~·~.u. Rq>..,:.l)'iAT ' .Htl s Apt IQN:. D! Q ·~~;n~· ~f)~.UL r ' f Ru.i" :·."::;~~~irWr. ~~·· f(t:'~>'.'~~fj':'O~~r... AY-~~·.~(1 '5 . ~AS T COO_~· ~JI:l"T WAS 'A'P'PR~ ~ 1' .6. T f. r., · ···'::'"~:~l;·r~~-:Ntf.J~Er:-:T):O.t:f.~p~ · J~· CC?NC~ I VABl:~· THAT ··TH,~ ·~P. ERA!"I€1N !·41GHT HAv~ ~::q1 · · · .~,·oVf...'~.N.I?,:· -~lt~N .I ~fi :..1f ~.H~ HAD·:.BEEN ABLE T9... f~ ! AB.L ISH H1~ C0V~~ L . ~ T . ·. .. y(AA /;'.,·:~JW t N . ACCE PTtD T H C ·.f~E;ASON . fOR. · ·1 ( Rf,f INA T I ON ANQ SA 1 C rl£ Wv'.l LD A' lWAy~· · ·at :AVit..i..:~BL.E '.. Jf .: HE ···coULO BE Of . ANY ASSISTAI'-4CE, lr.: :JISCUSS 'ING HI;-S· fU'I"/Rtj~·s~OGEST'ED, NOW THAT HE HAS. RECE)VC:D ALL. THC: ... NEC't5S:A'Av -AUTHORIZATIONS fOR DOING BUSINESS IN GEKMANY 1 11 C: Sf. kiC.:USLY • 'coNsro·~A ' ot>ING . ).HEAD WITH THE VE~TlJFcE I~ . CGLCGI-JE, .(;JWit( SA I (l HE : ·'lowout'f>· ·"biSClJSS THtS . WlTH HIS WifE, HIS O.NLY HESITATIOI~ IS IN CCt.1 :.i iT;.'. 't I'NO ·'·fi'LMS'E:Lf 'r'o 'A. L'-oNO LE·ASE ON A SHOP, . Hi or:·· . • & • • • • • • • ;, •• • • • • ·.: • '. . .r > . •' i . ~. ' ~ ~ !. i'- • ' (, : .r: '.· :Q) S I NC'E ··J)'NUARY '1·9t)2 . .(SEE PARAGRAPH,. 6, - - j 426 ~ f I_: DE- . ' .: ·.~.c'i'MaEB · -J. 96'1J 9JW.IN's 0NLY ASSIGNMENT HAS BE·EN rc ESTABLISH c.:.•I[R, . TH · I · s · '-i(E~~T wAs coNr 1 RMED ev 0 I R-12;541 or 2:3 MAv 1962 AND . .·.pu·~·~,~{G··-~.. Oi5CUS510N.S ·IN HEADQUARTERS IN JIJLY I ~ r)~. 27 ' 1 . :.' · .( . ' . •'. ~ f • t. .. ·· · ~lONtH:S ...;AI.JO '•SOME·.-,;$'1.8,000 'LAT .£R 1 HE .IS . STILL M ..'· T IN PLACE, t. L THCUGH MADE -AN •I 'SSUE Of TH'IS WI .TH HltJ IN AUGUST 1963. 'i/t-~t:THEF .. hE :EVE ALLY INTE·NO'e:O TO COMMIT HIMSEL.f' .1'0 THIS ASSIGI·niCIIIT iH. MAINS . A QUE'STION, ~.!j .STRONG DOUBTS, . QJWIN 1.S Pt:HSC.t·: ,.L H1STOHY ."Rt'r ·u::cr·s MA.JOR 'IN:SlABIL•ITV :AND ;THE HABI·T ,Of HEDGING HIS Ot.:lS IS UNDOUBTEDLY .P:iR'T OF HIS CHARACTER; TH .IS DOES N0T niPLY ,, .SE(.;UHIT'I'-~ .. -' BR6'ACH•.: :.,.,.,f.J)U~ R£·. rt;S ,:lN.Q.'UUN~ .,T,P . lNP.I,CA,T,E ~lJ~t-.! , ~~ . ttA.~ D.l S~USSt:D } KIJSARK .( RE L;A·T J -9N.9H I; p . V-1 I tTH .~NY9~E :EXCE_PT,, ;.P.E.: RH~P s I HI!,. V'll f E. 0 0 • •; , ·"'l'•', , .: ::: , .. '• --:~ •• ·,:,.. 0 0 I , I, 0 , '' , ' •• , • ···.:·"·.:··§:.:~}~t;:!.S: :. ~Ncwm··. :ro· QJWIN :ov ;~u.E~~AME. ~u s~::o : TH£ ·.NAJ.fE·. •; t~.p I'·E·~R C .,1t'Yif-:l H ·~ H J.l.., ·• B.U,T : I.T I S ·" S S.U.ME D •THAT HE HAS I D£ NT • 1 1 EO ;- 5 .t-R.Uf: "NAM'E, ~QJWI· N :KN.Q'I($ TH{ ···tiE'~EP.HGN£ NUtAOEH Of THE . ;:~ ··:q_UT;s' t.Q.f;··! PHONE~0 ,;BUT ·.THI ,S PljON,E .. I..S . QEING D .IS~lANTEL ED · It~ 1 ·.:•• .0C'l' daF:R ~ cj'f·.:;T- t-f}:S '·:y,f::AR·, · ···'f Q.:J,Wj. . N ~~~ · ADDRE·S.~ES ARt f'ORW.ARDEC UNO[ R ..... ·..:s-c ·P AR I(T E £0V.~-A, ·. . . : ..· 't . ... . . '·. .. ·. I .. • :· . .• . .: ; -~ .... . :.. ; :··Arr A'CHME NT · . . . _ _ .. 2 w/Ar ·T .u/s/c ... ~ 2 w/ATT '·"U/s/c · ·:.:· F I t:'E s - 2 . . . . • ·· . .' :: . '.:'· . . ,. I~-• . ' ' --. . - 0 • - . . '' • 0 ° . . . . . . . ._ 0 ' 111t .. I ' ' . ___.,..._:.. . . . I ~- .... . ....... _ .,. ,. I .•· .'i . - '' . ' i 1 ·-·~· ·- ·· e 60~ l I iJ, • I .~ - • . .. 0 -------- . -...:: . .·1 , : :.-·,· , ,. . . .. "- •
  • -·--- A· · DiSPATCH ro l .... Chief ~ 4;~f! ~~------_J------~~~~~----~------~~wm~~n--------------1 -J -1/ Hf.t.OOUAIIf~ f ill NO r; ,.. A : Dj,_vis ion TTl Attn: L o r j~~?;·"" = ROM Chief of statiol"' UlJIC1 J n DAU r l l3 . October 1960 u , " 4l·l " - (CHECK " X ONE) " .- Envelope fo! C1 1 N IIOUII!D 0 ,- MAitltEO fOI INOeXINO 1 '-- XXX NO INOEXINO IEOUIREO INOEXINO CAN IE JUOOEO IY OUAllfi EO HO. DESK ONLY llf lllNCf(SI L J . ·-· based on his .... di~~-eiie A~on. for his return. I I ~ ~~~~~ Forwarded herewith is ]notes Please hold ~ ~'~"'",':0 r L oi stributior· · %-Chief 1- cos I j Jcw/att) 1 - Reg 11101!1 M llUAt£ t!M etA ~mORICAL Rril£W PROCRA.t fRl~LID~@@MtlJ~@OO b0~W~~fffim~fDJ •• .· ( • /' •7. ... .~ # ' ~• 32 - ?. /_, • ' - .. 43 PAGB of--~ COPt N O . - - - - - IO lM IO·SI (401 53 U$1 "IVIOUS !DillON llf'ACU fOIMS Sl ·ll, Sl 114 AND Sl ·ll WHICH All O&SOlfll. - / "· •• _:;,; - 0 .. · : 'I · r .t.CI NO D CONJINUIO
  • Sourr.el (1( .....,.'"=',.,...nn.,~cl&@ _ l nr'hi• an::! spot.t.er ':orl L Jto pick his ~~<h)Hlf tillJ.W 11bilit·' -,oh ot:>r us, but once sele~tion r:-.lde 1J o be f'li.rninatorl. ~lieves ...,i:UUARK rendling ns matte'f'· ~f r.l'mie~nce in behalf · l-:arcoti<1, clureau. -L :)o follo,.r up with/ -hn word fror~ Ill's. P..1rpose i~ ~plection of one or t j . }"-B' entry r.-cn 'o be te 0 -"13< ·.·lith (2Lpicture~. r. acnmint~l J ]r,,.,orou:!hl•r 40 ', haw on t!tpfr. :rears ~mo~:~..rhe had once ment red · 'outsJde. ;J.rrl ,.Jil1ln in ,Jto follow Hi .Ju'ter 'orie_tirr. b-.t • Purpose is selct + ~m,. ~:i.th ... J spli l·t.'l<m after joh done. Pos ible f'ln:l) pe?olcin!': Gem1Il i>s weL' as Italim. Possible Ger~1an doc~tatbn. Appear&s l: 1?v-oo. tL Jrr --7 ...' (3) Siragl:la, Asst Deputy Narcotics Commissioner as source of arrl Sicili"lls; 'lUery him whether District #2 ,llJ ,!Jew F.nh.~m) has lest Irdian colore<l <x>nta~ts usable for our purposes. hrr . (4)l - .- 1 ~conta,t: l • Ro"'~• ¥teric~n,Ci~i::en, !"";w .d'>arance,~o.xi pote~ti<>~ PA, exper'iencea l·:ith criminili; educnted Sn;;l.:md and US,; (5) Hilan offers go::d possibilities of firrliw[~ d onument-su::c. lie rs. ((,/.",.... .:contact Florence:~ , ]sre,.l-:s Italian, czc·finan, Englisl), h1.s t orou10h kno,~ledr,e ll'Yi.erworltl t.nt>rerp P.rd Brussel:J and working lcnm~led•'El underworld Frankfurt, Colo;-:ne, Nice. . .(?Y ( cusa~k (a( .i')has tl·IO e:q:ert(_ on 19 Ju:t,•r 1 ~~ho ' ) were introduce<l to -~fln~if~®ml ~DID.l!J}'"' J'M:werp; stateless (Clf Russian descent) 1 nlU:{. . E~ Knowledr>eable nor.ttern ..J.L"idl3nl0rld. Poss~h1" A.fii:llW~U!:!J»~I~ or, . :, . • w w _..d)U$b!Jllli • Can locate ,taru Gill, -Fran, or thru .desk clerks at Frankfurter Hof, asking for ,a.--rl u.s i.np;l s na ne as reference 1dt h him r .... , :' cnn be oht.ained ; (9) trng nuroo!le: Fren~h ~nn !!rcial fJ11-'ll 'jj excellP.nt-det.~il on phmin~. t ru~., ard execution ofl ,.)~ ~ rror ' UUUJ33( -:---l'AG! 33 or __143 . __ COPY NO• - - - - -
  • ) ..-·--·--·-·---------------------~-- .. --...------~-- -~. ---------------·-- -·------ 2 July 1962 Received thefiml!'~~~iflllffi)~~lary. r · · · - ·tm~trllWJJl~lD'.0 UUlllJlll . ~~@~nvm Received 30,C00Bfrs. Llay salary. (} . • II I . ~l}RE(~-- ·- L 4 .Liay . 1962 Received 30,000Bfrs. April salary, J/1 ...... _//_0 ___________ __ 2 July 1962 • Received the sum of 30,000bfrs. Advance for July salary, • 17 September 1962 Received 30,0CO w~~~moo. ~~@W~~~u~W Octcber 8 1962 Received . .--- ---·- . .. 30,0V0bfrs for September salary. --~- -------- ______ ..fl -- . .1 Q. ---------------- .. - . .· ~Aprill962 Received 30,000 Bfrs. Salary for V~rch. [Ri~~~~M~lTm. ~~@~~~~IT~~ PAGE 25 of 43 COPY NO. - - - - - ,• i
  • • .. . __ __ _- - - - - - · - - - - - · - - - - - · - - - -::;:,. Jl October 61 .. ~ecei_ve~ !~·-~m!~flij-~~U] _ Bfrl-lm00.8 962 Received 30,000 .. .. . . .... - -- •· . . ' . ' .. .. '• 1 March 1962 • Received the sum of 30,000 Bfrs. Febr=ry salary. . • 1 December 1961 • . ------ --.----- .. -- ___ , __ . . ,:_. _; 0UU33J(l PJ.G~ __ _3..§__ of _ 4 3 ·.
  • ). ! ' I ~[~ ~-·- 1August 1961 Rew~~-@mlfm~o~-:~1-y.- lJ!~~!~~dAvw,,- "" '"~ 28 September 1961 Received the .:lll.lary for ?tember - -------------·· ··--··-. ·----·---. ·-·--------/1 ________ 1___ ... --··· ---Sllll of 30 1 000 Bfr. 31 October 61 ~~mRi~@lational expen~es ~~®~~~~u[~ 30 June 1961 .. _ ~~eived the_e_~_o:__~,~o_o~~~ IT June sala:cy. -- --------+---.. --------· 31 January __________ Rec~~ed 30,0COBfre; sala:cy for Januar;;r. ~ffi~~tOJIDJW~]'~@~ .. ~- ~ ·----~~---~oq :J!Iw~~J~WJ·co (30,000 Bfr.) PAOI!J 27 COPY NO. - - - -
  • ). Received on 21 March 1~61t-j>000Be1gian francs ~~~~@~W~V~~~oYuber Reoei 196o .. fJieJI~~i[1~}el:i~ .1rane3. -- --- - - - ---- -~ ~-- > ·_ . . -~-~~----- ·~e~ t r-. H-o --- - F· · · L .fl. ~~:_-~rc_c:. _____ _ --- ·- -· . -----······--·- ---- .. -- .... --·-·· -----··--· ---------- ---- ----------- · · - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ 6 NoYe»tber 1960 "(I HeeeiYed the Blll:l o! 1!) 1 000 Be1:,ian francs • . .. UUU33:JI -__ __ __ _______________ -~-:__~ -~-~-;A~~ -- ._2_8_ --o-r-- -.-4-3- __ J COPY NO. - - - -
  • r . .-. ) ·... . · ,. ~- . ,. I 30 October 1960 - ... ·-- -·· ··-.. ReceiYed the sum of 3500 Bol~i~n fr~ncs. .,.,.... ,.... .. . - - -··- .. . -.- () . .. ---------... .. ,i 3 .~a:~. lv; /?co .JdJ~@@®~ ~@fMJ . .~,oo~w ~w ~---. ~ h 1'--l. . .I .· •' . . - . . . . <::}. ~~ . t~·- ·,f ~ . : :· "~I)•,•' •·: :, f·;,~~'·. . .. ~~ ~ 1 .. , .... ~t.;:...,~.... .. .. . ,.. . .. ·~··-:-:v:.··-- , .. _ - ' . • .....,...._ ........ ~- . .. ouu jJJ:~ PAGE 29 of 43 COPY NO. - - - -
  • r--.---------------~AP""'Pfnllffl"'VEM'IDrrfNORHRm .Ett-rEA"S.,.._E1~ rug~ -----......~,..,...------­ _g, ~ (6~ m~TORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM~ . '· . . ,_ ~-:--..... ·~~ . -~. . . .. . ~ Attached is a rather oompr~henalve s x page biographical history which aupplioaiT»ROO!~~~m1nrormat1on you requeat•d but many ad~ ~~ h wil~ fao111tate your evaluation of his po .. . .. . . . .. ·. . ··" . . · Thla report was prepar~<r.""ln July 1959. Following la supplemental intelligence to bring you up to date. .- . . .. . t~' • · He ' -.•, . ,•..,. ,., • , . ; : ,'ty ·~ ~ ;: ' • - .. . , ~ ! ,. ..-. ~;.:.''1"_.. ,r ': ·., : .~ ,. • ~ . the Pried Sportwear Company, 843 South Los Angelea Street, Los Angeles, Calltorn1a. On .:)~-t-f"~·'- '· _:.... Auguat 3. 1959 be waa convioteci 1n Federal Court at Loa -. :·;.< ...•· _.. .;:·· _ .. .. ·:. ::~ :-· • Angeles ror ra1lure to register aa a previously convicted . .... '. narcotic law violator at . the time ot hi a . travel abroad. . ~~.:. ·:·:He· waa .tined $1,~0·· and p1aoad ". pn. thr•t! ~-)-ear a probation,. ·-··: .J .,. .·:'-·.;...... ~:· .. .:=·· owns ~and ope~atea l. 'Whiob is ':,;~. c. . atilt ~ 1.n· ettact •...-_ , · . . t ... . ;_<':..:::_.' . .. ·..~. · ~"' .:. . .. , ., . . · =·~~ · ·;: • ~ ' .. ~ • . ~. • • · · • ~ • ~·, I - ~- · MEL'i'ZEft. appeared .before ·a · Federal · Grand JUry at Loa Angelea on Marcb 24, 1960_. · unde~ subpoena,' but· invoked the Firth .Amendment. throughout the questioning. Although he waa threatened with conte111pt proceedings tbla ·action never . materialised. ... • ~ ,• • '-' . : ", •. -f, •' ,.. ·• A ' ' : • • • • '". ;'t-; I ,. • , '"!:'" .., .-·V.,1 • 4 • 'f ' ' • • • . .. "' " t • - :!.an.~d.:Want~d Jlo~~N~-~~~~ ~l~enaoe ot " • . ... rbav• . :··~~ .; ..·· . .. •• ·,·· ., ~- ··.· .· . . _ . ... ·· ·.. , :,· ~·.t ifo~@OO~fm~~~fDJ ··. : Enol ( 3) c; _ I ••: ~ :· Also attach~~ is a copy ot his FBI ~oriminal ' reoo~ c • :._ t. In the Sp~g ·ot 1959 be turn1ahed lntormation to our . California ott1oe but baa not. al.nce cooperated with' .us. Be · .. ' bas the background and. talent ror the matter we discussed . .. but 1 t 1:a not known whether be would be receptive. .. t ~ : :, . .. :·. ~: .. ..... • • ,• I ' . , ·• 0 l : • l· ... ~ "",; ••. t... , .•.' - •• .. . · . • .... - ··'· _.i:; : . f:i_- . .. ~ ···: Deo-embe~ 19·~ 1960 .. •. . - : . ..·. ) .. '!.! •' ; •• :. . .. . ' . '"" .. • . q ~ -... ' . . ., :·· ~ : .. ... 7•.: .. :· ·.•. i ~.. : . - .~ . ,, 1 ·. . ..... ·:. _... ·2 . ·' , • -. - • 0 .. '· . ' ~ ;' • • . ~ :: tl ;· • • 0:0 : ·' ·: "-: •, '· :~ . .. ~ . / ., ; ., • - , .-.. . . .· -: - ~. ' ·.: . t :..· ·; · .. ...-, :··· :- ' • • .• . . .. ..1 • • • • . • • 4":.. ' • .' ·. -::·· •·.. . :;.V . · ... . . . ..... :' : '· . ·' ; I I . 'Ill .... ':.. . .: ~ .. .~ ..: .. -~ 'l '' _, "·. ' >:"- -:· - ~· OUU333 '+ .. - -- - 30 . f.lGI - - - of - 43 .. - COPY NO· - - - - - . .. ·. .. . . .·
  • K~fKUULCtU A! lHt NAJ! U ~AL AK ~ MlVt~ IR1~ (D)M~~~@~ ~~@~~ D -- . I! -- .1.-il4:-~lffifm~ D . · - ~ .J.,ff:r'TL,F ~~ ··- ·--; I:~-~,_~-~--~ - - -- ·- --~-+--)?;:::.~:~~.})___ - i! f . .' ~· . ~-~.k-~~ ~-~ '~-r---­ ------ ---ll-- ~4-:j. . ~ ld~~~r- -~cS:-/ _.( k ~ --1 -==~ .- 4 -- ----1 !-~~~~~· ·~ ~--=: ~.tt-~~~6..__~--L---....!....-~ ·-·- ·: -------~~I -·-.·~-- -1---~-·~~~~~:__-I I . - ---'-jl--- . ·_ :! , I :i I; t&t ""'- ~ - ... ··~·, 4d:~_ -~-- ·~:~:.~~7f"J~~~k~A>~ . . _· =~r~ . w;;:- ~-'''j: . ,k - .. ---·····--···· · '!··· ·-·· ~. - .... _.. __~~----~~-~--~-··- _ . . . . --- -:._· -- C ~~ r- -- ~.¢F~~'-- ----- -- ---:-·---- - - - - - - · ,: - --- - ·------ - ·- -- ----··--------4 I v J 'J . 1 ·- r•, .. I 'I "--
  • j: . -~ ~--~--~--'--(!. •d·· cl. ~~-_,._,..,.___ _-/1 I! ~---- ~~~-~-;;(;!. • .;, ~-i---~--C>·_.!-4_·!_:~ . ;: -----+Ji-:-,-. --1-~~- -~-~~ ~~..,____·----ti ·______ _lt_ __ ·~ ~-_;;c.!-''-~-~-'--~~ fr~~-+-~!:,I ~--"=·....__---+1 II " ---- I I · ' - ..L .,!..__ • • --~-~--~~-~~ ~"' .,..., • .,... ....... ol,-~~~--+1 ____________ _! ,~- __ M:- -~-- :t4.__ ~ ~ qs{ •. ,( ~,_r~-~1-' ~---- ____ --. -- ~--~-~ .. ?.· ._. "''R.. · _ _i I -----~"'"""_!'-L-~'---t:tlo-l:!:rtl--~~&~~~~------+1 I! :: - · -· . · - . ------- ·-----iL- - ------. ~l i I ~~~h-~~~~~~~*==>----H --~@~~0 -----'t- fY~ .. --- .~ - --- ------C!)f~~--;-~_~.;{"fd(_y_i&_~~--- ---- __ ::_~.~S-_~-~-~~-~-~--~- '--- --H I' ----i~~~~·---rJ?~--~ ~-~~-li- J7rt_~_;;#a.[ ', __________ _ -- -fl- ~· I • J-~-~-~ ---------- . ------ ____ l'----~- ~ttvL~ ~-~--~~.- _l"_--c__-H --- - - . l~- . a. ~ 1 4.-~- ~-A--~-~~-~~--~-'------- __ I: ~~_&_:!~r- _._: __ ~~"'-----! -------~!- ~--4-_}J_~---~-~-'4-'f.. -#~-~~ - ------ - ,' li----~-~~-4-41-rf~-'-~-:P;~_/?_~-- --- ---- -t -- ---'. u -- - - - - - - .I i: -------- ----·-; ~------------- '' •' ;l -. ·----- .. ' I' ------- - - ----- -J~Itrtttt'.J ---- tittsl!~ l:!ijj:o --~r--- .. -------- ---------·-- --n·rl~RC-:I=r::::-.. . ---- ---- --- ---- ~· -~· ..... ...... . :.:. ----------------------------------------------------- L ..i j .) ---------- -- ----- ---------------- --- -- ~- --oo- ------ 4 P1 NO. ot 43 ---- .
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  • REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES OJW1N According to statements by a senior CIA officer in 1967, made to the Inspector General, the Agency was instructed to develop a capability to conduct assassinations. Termed an "executive action capability," such a project was initiated in 1961, apparently assuming an existing cryptonym, ZRRIFLE. At the request of the case officer (the same officer providing this information in 1967), a clandestine asset in Europe,· QJWIN, was to be used ·in the project. The case . . officer understood that QJWIN ·had been considered in 1960 .for use .. in the assassination of Patrice Lwnwnba, but that the proposed oper~tion •' was never carried out because the designated CIA case officer declined the assignment. The case officer in charge of ZRRIFLE also was involved in a.n operation to assassinate Fidel Castro, running from early 1962 to mid-1963. b~ing However, QJWIN was not used in this effort, reliance placed instead on a Cuban exile leader. briefed on the ' ·. . C~strc;> QJWIN was never operation, according to the officer handling ZRRIFLE and the Castro operation. Records do show that QJWIN was dispatched to the Congo in 1960, being there in November and December 1960, prior to the .. se~7 {lrrr ro ()Jt.l:f . ----. -·- :- ;-_ 58t1).~. _.. ··. _
  • • death of LunREPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES there is no evidence to suggest that QJWIN was in any way involved in Luznumba's The case officer who was the source of the infor~nation of demise. the contemplated use of QJWIN in such an activity understood that he was never used in this manner. The following information reviews existing knowledge beyond that summarized above. A 13 October 1960 dispat~h( ·. Jtransmits notes to headquarters from one of the two officers who subsequently met J QJWIN( The notes list the names of polic.e officials and ~riminal elements and allude to the possibilities of finding( . }suppliers. Jon 19 and 20 Octobe- 1960 by r QJWIN was met inC . two Agency offic:=ers and was. asked if he J . Africa~( ~ould undertake a trip to (The appropriate dispatch~ dated . 2 November 1960~ lists only[. ]and[ . ._ ]as addressees·.) He ~as not given the tru~ objective of his missl.on because of its extreme sensitivity and pending a final decision to use him. Instead~ he was told that the Soviets were operating in Africa among nationality groups~ [ J and he was .being asked to spo_t~ assess~ dependable~ our use. and !ecommend some He agreed to go on the trip. quick-witted persons for On 2 November QJWIN was ]by an Agency officer, and he accepted an offer to met in[ . ·: I - - - - -- - ---, ---- ',. '-' L.- •... . ' - - -· .... · ---::.. -.;:,. ,-- · --.-·-· --- .
  • • REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES proceed to Le t r sending him there originated at headquarters because someone must have considered him qualified to handle a potential operation there.) The precise mission was not conveyed to QJWIN, and he was only info"rmed that the mission might involve a large element of personal risk. We do ·not know and at present are unable to determine what t;he assignment . Subsequent cable traffic discusses arrangements for Q.J WIN to go was. first to Leopoldville and then(. J· On 8 December QJWIN was in Leopoldville where he ., cultivated ·: j a close personal relati~nship with a (.' There .· follow suggestio~s in cable traffic on what approach QJWIN should use . ' to ·recruit h:Un· ~owever, a special channel[ ]cable of 14 Dec~mber rat~s this target as marginal when considered against the framework of plans for QJWIN and instructs him to desi~t if action has not ~ready . been taken. .· . The first paragraph of this cable states that we "would like restrict QJWIN to actiVity directly pertinent his mission L .eopoldville or forthcoming mission[. jfo: ( ]purposes. ]and possibly elsewhere . He our ·only asset of this type and ·· we wish keep him clean of any operational involvement other than that originally planned for him. " Thi s cable would tend to rule out . ..-·:- - involvement in an assassination plot, since it is highly unlikely that : .·- ·.... ., . . . . . : 5 •• ·: ~... :·-:_:·.r: -..:· - J ·. . . -.:- -.. . . . . .. ~-- . . ·... .. ~ - - - - - - - --.-·-····----·: .. .. -.. • -.. # ; -~
  • • .' REP,!2DUCED AT ~IVE.sJ' an individual picked for such a sensitive and da.ngerous assignment would be burdened with other chores or assignments irrunediately thereafter. Lumwnba was still alive, albeit under arrest, as of the tniddle of January 1961, and it seems clear that QJWIN had left the Congo in December 1960. his return to [ A 19 Dece.mber cable to Leopoldville authorizes Jon Z 1 December and instructs[. to pay him 1000 dollars for December salary, which is the final payment for his services on this ope'tation. Also, headquarters was working out the details of a Congo assignment. An 11 January 1961 headquarters memorandum, which refers to T I A's dated Z 1 December 1960, states that the referenced amounts were given to QJWIN by the J r: [ This suggests that QJWIN was in- Jon or before Z 1 December. Subseq)lently, it appears that QJWIN operated in Europe trying to spot and assess individuals whom the Agency could use in [ l operations, in line with one of the principal missions of [_ J A Z4 May 1962 cable to(. ]mentions that a decision was made to keep him in Europe and that the Leopoldville assignment had been cancelled. choice. A transfer to[_ ]is deemed a good Also, a Z4 April 1964 disptach from[_ J which . S·.';""> "'"'"I • • 'P.""''F .. . i. .. !...-- 't:_ •..;.... - • 4 L£"'1"5-~· reLt:!t.!! ' ----~r--.::-c..::..· i ' I i i ~-----·---~-------.ft
  • '. REPRODUCED AT THE mentions the termination of ., NA~iONAL ARCHIVES 111' 1k's aci, e.. "., .,1 -com oJ ~ refers to the fact that his only assignment since January 1962 has been to establish cover. Agency officers who were handling QJWIN in Europe were almost certainly unaware of the fact that he was being considered as an asset by the senior Agency official who had begun to become active in February 196Z in the assassination plot against Castro. An undated (EYES ONLY) memorandUin from the Deputy Director (Plans) refers to a 19. February 196Z memorandum and authorizes the retention of the services of QJWIN in activities which we have identified as , coincidential with the assassination plot against Castro. . The date of the reference memorandum coincides with the time that the senior Agency official became actively involved in this enterprise. A memorandum of Z7 June i963 dealing with the further handling of QJWIN mentions that this enterprise has been terminated, except for one precautionary "life line. " In summary, it is almost certain that QJWIN had nothing at all to do with the assassination of Lumumba, even though the contents and language of available files are often cryptic and imprecise. If he had been, it is highly unlikely that the number of Agency officers handling and contemplating assignments for him would have been so large. f"'U ~· .. ·- The -. Bt.~ -~ :.1 5 JT27 ;_u.:...0;;~:J i · · - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ----- I ------ . - ___ .._ __ -------------- --.,.,-- --------------------------m=~ t I I I I
  • . .. REPRODUCED AT TH~ . NATIONAL ARCHIVES headquarters concerned, inter alia, with C. . J and it is reasonable to conclude that QJWIN' s primary_,a nd exclusive responsibility was to find individuals who could do -this kind of job. fir.st met QJWIN in C :Jwas on a trip overseas to findC ]supplier~. ~entions keeping him One of the officers who The 14 December 1960 cable cl~an and using~ in(: J~d possibly[ ] . which was speCifically mentioned in the 13 October dispatch ~s offering good possibilities for finding [ · ]suppliers. Further, good tradecra!t practices would dictate that the last thing that would keep an individual clean would be involvement in an assassination plot. AlUlough the Chief t_ }vas 1ater · ssigned responsibility for the Castro operation, there is a no evidence to suggest that he was privy to a s sassination plots prior to his briefing in late 196 ~While QJWIN was considered for use in the "executive action capability", there is no information available to suggest that he had ever been approached in this regard, much less used i n any of the planning. . .. .. .
  • $ A 4 REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL • Based 01• cI a 2a a .~. . . . ARCHIVES~ · at the Agency was in no way involved in the assassination of Luznwnba. t However, in the course of our research, two aspects of the Lutnwnba story ! surfaced that indicate Agency involvement in a plot. In the one instance, our 1967 source mentioned the name of an Agency officer who was designated as the case officer for an assassination plot against Luznwnba, but report~d that he had declined the assignment. That officer was the originator of a 19 December. 1960 cable to Leopoldville in which he authorized the return of QJWIN tp Jon Zl December to await further instructions CW:d the payment of 1000 dollars to him for his December salary by J C. The last paragraph of the cable advises Leopoldville that headquarters is working out the details of a Congo assignment for QJWIN. The same 9fficer was the originator of a 31 January 1961 memorandum dealing with payments to QJWIN • . In the second instance; a 17 December 1960 cable from Leopoldville deals with the activities of a newly recruited agent, WIROGUE, whose mission was to try to spot persons for a surveillance team, intelligence assets[; J and paramilitary assets. The second paragraph of the cable mentions that he resided li1 the same hotel as QJWIN (although . neither knew of the others CIA connection) and that he approached r·-~ ~.-·· 7 j I f
  • em the latter on I • r liars per month to participate in an intelligence net and to be a member of an "execution squad. 11 When QJWIN said that he was not interested~ added that there would be bonuses 'for special jobs. WIROGUE The cable mentioned in paragraph 6 that the Station was concerned with the free wheel:IDg of WIROGUE~ his lack of security~ his inability to handle finances, and his unwillingness to follow instructions. The Station was willing to keep him on probation, but believed his recall would A suggested alternative was to put him in be the best solution. ·( _ ]to try to obtain immediate intelligence on that are;... In an attempt to reconstruct events~ Africa Division was apprised of the above and was asked to search its records _n an attempt to i clarify wh-at WIROGUE was up to in the Congo and his reference to an "execution squad. " The research did not clarify the. matter to any great extent, although some assumptions can be made on the basis of circumstantial evidence. - On 19 September 1960~ two members of . Africa Division met with WIROGUE to discuss an operational assignment in that division. be trained in In connection with the demolitions~ assignment~ he was to small arms, and medical immunization. In October 1960, a cable to Leopold~ille stated that he was being prepared for a deep c _ ver assignment to arrive Leopoldville late o ~ ·. :. 0 o.# :... •• - •••• .... ~ lo ..... ... · ...... ..,. __ . - • ."" o1f ... >.; J o --c'-•'1." ..... ... • . . ... . ... _... . 8 .BEO. F. r ? -:- - : r -· - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ! I ...--- --'---- -- · - - - : - -- - : ,.... . -. , ~
  • .. .. November. 1 •• agent in order to "(a) organize and conduct a surveillance team; (b) r: _]and (d) execute other as sign- . ments requiring positive action. to Leopoldville. - is utilization is not to be restricted H Indeed, he may be subject to call by other African stations although it is expected for him to be resident in Leopoldville. WIROGUE arrived in Leopoldville on 2 December 1960. 11 His case "officer gave him the following instructions: (a) to build cover[ Ja.nd (b) to try. to spot persons for a surveillance team, intelligence assets a.n4.~aramilitary assets. Shortly after arrival, WIROGUE ran into QJWIN, who later told the I station that WIROG UE looked like an inte11:igence agent. In attempting · to recruit QJWIN for his "execution squad", WIROGUE exceeded his instructions to avoid making approaches without checking with Leopoldville Station. In January 1961, at the request of the Leopoldville Station, WIROGUE was given p~rmission to t~e flying lessons. [ J .· 9 l(lr:n'"'.-- :ac:_._ I .L -. .· . :· :... · . . ;• ..... . . ......:.:... . . . ! .: . ·-- - -···- :-· -. ·r··--,;--------:-~ ~ f l
  • . .. . • ~ REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES ( ) He departed Leopoldville ( ] and his CIA contract was terminated in Septeniber 1961. Africa Division believes that WIROGUE was recruited for his Congo assigmnent because of his third country national background in order to establish a support mechanism in Leopoldville. At the time the Congo was in chaos, we had few assets there, and the likeliliood existed that the political situation ~ould degene.i:-ate quickly. The Station possibly also wanted to have a latent paramilitary capability. ~'. An October 1964 assessment of WIROGUE indicates little flap potential with him since he knew little about the Agency. He spent most of his time trying to de¥elop contacts and was not directly involved in any particular operation. ·. --~.,...-- ...... . ... -·-- ·-- - ~F"iu .... ·~·-' · ... _}
  • , • f • • rf'rn' .. ;~!ocwm-~i~~ f~ -··· :~=- . . . .. ~e:a~UARY . t9·~ · i) (fi'!fl.Jlnlo)n?J ··, ··,.~ 1 ·-=·· ...... ·-· · ·.· ·. i.!.rlJlJIIIn~ IIIIIPII ~ 1 ;. .. ·: qJ'll.tr~· .· i:.(s : se:.E.N Tt RM N .T ~-·· f r ~ ~ o Lo •. M u t·1 2 ; L, .11 L HE- .WAS TO PLAY A. ROLE .. HAO' .. BE[.-~ SHf:LV~D ~ =A~rf: .T~E:REu;.<;JfiE"" ?iF1$;~~CONT..RAC.i.,> V/H I Cl{ RA* .QVT ON. 29. fE:6RUAH'f, ·.::.,;s i!GT :·.RENE'lito:~~:: H'¢.. :#.~${;~M:~:S.Y.~.f:p.:.· T-HA.T. ;~rH. i ·~· ~ct· lqN 0.. L}-~~9-T n.;!?.UL T f ::<:~. ._. ! t :::&'7~r+f~'"Pre':*~'!, ~OfE:"" i-l;~··; tf'r'S' ' PA.S T COC~~I='n· cr!~· '.~.'S . 'A-'? '?rt~r. · ·,·. T'~C. . ~~i--~·; ...:;~f?R.i1 ONS&~-~s:::·coN-d:· r·'V .4EH:E THA·r -~THE" ·o ?E RA·T· t ~N ~_.. u~ 1 ri A.•·:: .:,.- e::,;· ::"fH;;'I ft-f~.::~~:H~.!.R~T'.toN.:·. lN WHI~:H ~~Ft..:A·~~~flfli~··r.t:~. ~·&·. :;·~-it}i.f·: HAb..:.B~_E:N_· ABU:.. T 9 ..· e:~,T AS . 1 ~);! .!j a ·~ cov :~ l. ;,s L ~, .YEAA. · - ~U1/Hf'- ,·.ACCE"PT'EO THE:·.a~ASO~ ." F.'-QR "JEAMINATION AND SAtC rtE: WvULO · .. ALWAY~:·at"<AV'~r.t· ~l.~t.:". lf .' HE:' ~-CoULO ·en: CF A~Y ASS.. JSTAf..CC::. 1:.; DI5CUSS .~NG i-- ··..· · ·.~:~r-.s· F'u.f1/rtc; ·3u~sE;~Tt:p-, Now Tt-!AT HE HA~ · REGEiy[o ALL.. THe: Nt:cgsS:A.RV;'·A1JTHOR ·4ZATrONS f"OR OOING BUSI~JSSS IN GEt:U-!ANY, HC:: SC.K ICU5LY :coNS r'tn: ~- _'dQ ~-NG "~HE.~·(} · WITH. THE VEN TJ R E I~ . C0 LCGN (;J'f/1 ! £A 1 C HC . :WOu·L'tr··o·js·CIJSS ntf'S • l.-tiTH H.IS WIFE. HI-S .O~LY HESITATiCf.. 15 li'J COW.-i iT- i.. :::~~J'l'iG ":'ffU~~:e::,t.:f" :·::· io ·:').. ::(ClNG LE-A·s 'e: ON A ... :~... ·:~. :~ . . . ·:::.: ·...~ ·:..: . . ·:·· ·· ~o;,·· :~ ~ .:~ · · SHCP. 0:, '2 ·-. .::2-;;, ·.s; .Nc't ··JA'No~Y .·1 : .{-sc: ~ PARAG RA.P H. . 6, ·96.L ··fut&E·A.·_..,I·% ·i .) GJ~fN '' s . ·.oN.L.Y. A:ss I.GNMENT HA.S BE·t:N .TH: I ·S ·.~ :tQ~·t~~N'l"::; ~A'S !5o::..:. · _, L.r eY 0 I R-1 2541 OF L:! ~·.:!.V I S·o~ Aii O H:::ADQUART.e:Rs IN JuLY 1 ~· :),: . ::. 1 'a.lO:'.JT. i-f~.':;)S.'Nf)~~SOME•~$Jt.8. ,.0:JQ ' L:.P.;r.'e:R, HE .IS ST•LL NC· i IN ?L::.CC:, t..LTHCJGH . J.1ADE · :AN •I'.S:SUC:: CF' TH·IS V·IT.·H HIM il·l AU~UST 1963. ';:!H~THt: Fi hE :t:vC:·R : FI":t'~l,;lY I Nr:t:-N.o·~o TO COMMIT HI MSE ~r TO Ti-ll S ASS I Gi-.!~.!C:il! T P. U.1A I i': s · :-A ouEST~ J :oN. H.A;S ST-RONG oous.rs. ·QJWI s p c:.,;sl. t-:.:.:.. H, sroHY ...R.C:'rLE:C~S - ~1.6AJOR · · t:N..'S'TA.61 :L• I ;T:Y ·.~NP -.THE HAB-I·T .OF' HEi)_ ilolG ri i S t.•t: TS 1S G UNQCU6 T'E:,O.C·Y :'?A:R.T." .:{];:- ~ HI S CH A RACTE ~; TH .l S DOES NOT I :.: P :.':' ~· 5E ClH~ 1 T'(- _.'outn~c;. · CGNF' I ·RME'D .;'-:~·t .scu.s.sa.oNs 1N · ; :I r·l' : aR-CACH;...-;;..:..~~- ~~1lGUJ:l.I,N.~ ..!fliP. ..I N.P. I.Y CA.r.E .-4'T;-.f!~.T . !iE _ti.A.? u I SC~~SC:Q 11 I 5- -·-'KlJ2ARK..J~fE.>L;·A::Pr.Or~SH=ft.? ~W· I.T. H. :-.A~Y.o~E : EXCE_PT, ; P£RHAPS, 1-1 .1_ ·•/• ~ ::. 5. · · :· ....:·.-:-,~·. ->~~::- :·=··: .~·: .· ... :.:.. ~-:.1·! _:. ,.L~: .. ·:>:· :8.:.- · . . '· . . BY. I RUE : NAME;. u::.::o iH~ ~: NAME.·: ~~ ~~"'~=,nt-H.::H· tr..~, ·. s~T · I.T . ~s _ Ass_ u.MED THAT HE H~s tu =:;;T , ; 1E.D rR·az·~N,..v-··~ :T-RII.F' ;;-j.t,~fE, ·· J'iJJ.N· KN.OWS ··rELE.~HCN~ j'JUMoE.!. I.:S.I.'X-:'-I.OV.,N ;r.o Q.JWlN ·THE :.OcT..:fer-:R [} QTn')Jrn@ ·fRlwt&'Ut, ~_O.,F· ~-r:l-1 1'.'$ -~~At:?. : ~ 1iliLft-·u~ ·..:s-E..?.:S:~~Tt ~v:-G .· ·.' ·. .. ;Ar:r::c~i:o~;· ~ .. 2 "~NG _ rs;..: .... · -lr[ L ~ j o .'t~ T:d~o~~~,.. rtg . ·.. ·· . · . . ~ u~.; oc:: F.O R'• ;;flCE: / ~- UUU:!Ju . .·' ;) ·: ·.· · .fD)fii)~;[Ujn@fi""~~ . .. . !. u.: ;:.. ·.u/s/c. -UiNllWuuUlQ;_ 2. · r:t/ An ·· J/.s'!c. ·: ·; : ·. t .: ~ ~. ::..:·· ·· ~~ ..·r:-s --·"? "- -... .._ • ('! ·w/A'TT· ~- .. 0 • . . . ! ". -----· -·~ ~ -· 24 • j., fJ i< I L t • . ..a.s:.:nc..mo,.' a ::_£;..T :-•. . t • • ·: ·· . .. .. • 't :· 4 •••• • • 00 ·: i.:· .._- ,· · - ·- -····--·.... __......,. _ _ ___ i ..__ ••• . , . .. .. - .. ..... - - - ~ REf.)i:;.H. l: ~~[p.JtiJW"©m®WJ ~.:-,rRI®OOimmDJ v ! -. ASSOCIATE "'.., __ r ·. •• 0 • • •• ""' ""q1 () -~ -~ :" (' '...; J J ....: ..... - •.) OUU3S45 • PAG!:: COP'! 8 4 orl- 19 :~ C . t
  • I REPRODLLED A THE NATLONAL ARCHL T 'ttu~!IDM~~~ @[}{] Uilou • INDEPEJ E 'l ESEARCH ASSOCIATES POB 2091 , NY 2091 w~~®~~®~~~[O) I t L ; . ,_ .... _, , ,.., '7 .. l I I L I v- . . ~ ...... i..lL.....::.J :l t:::,_, - - •• . . .. : : : : U M FoR: 1. For the 19 February 1962 ::~~z~~I;~L® purpo~~--a1fJ~~vities, Agent Activities • you are here- by authorized to retain the services of Principal Agent QJWIN and such other principal agents and sub-agents as may be ·required. This authorization will continue to be in force through 31 December 1962, subject to renewal at that time. 2. As established by contract with him, QJWIN's salary will be $7,200 per annum. Accounting for the expenses of QJWIN and other agents involved in this activity will be in the form of receipts for funds received by them, and these receipts will be retained in the ZRRIFLE covert operational file. Because of the sensitive nature of this activity, accounting for funds will be by general category and by your certification. In addition to the sal~ry established for QJWIN, you are authorized the expenditure of $7,500 through 31 December 1962. If further funds are necessary, they will be provided. • 3. This memorandum is to be considered in lieu of project and constitutes authorization for all travel, per diem, operational and other expenses. 4. It is requested that this activity be handled strictly on an EYES ONLY basis. Richard Helms (Plans) ~~~~~ector -- -.., 7 ~ I . ·.' ·.__ - . . . . . . . . J . . ·( . ~~[p)~@IDlM~llil®OO [p)~®oommm I • I i f1~t9g3 CJU 332 0 ~ flillr4t'M ~t~' rll S1Qtttll RELEASED ~ER PL - NARA ,~ 102-526 (JFK ACT) DATE ?i:j1/1 3 rAldS .L U 4 ,. or __3 CO?Y NO. ~ l)C> 6 ,.:) I(') q
  • ·--. ~·~· ( INOUINO CAN If JUOOEO IY QUAliFIED HQ. OfSI( ONlY ... . Forwarded here,dth is an envelopo o ! - notes based on his discussions in the -station. Please hold !or his return. Dist_;ibution· %- C~e! ,IIIIIJw/att) 1 - cos ; 1 - Reg ...... .. ... -··· . I • -.•••.-• • " : . -• .,. • :.. . -... _ .I I I I UU PllYIOU$ lOifiON fOtlool 11-$1 1•01 53 uru.cu rouu JJ.)I. 51·114 AND JJ.Jf WHICH All OUOUII. rA(i( "'0 D CONIINUIO I l
  • ~ ,. I ....., ,.,... ,......, .. ,., • ~-: I .. _ ... . .... s . # ) ' ( ll & 1.2 Oct 60 Source: pic years oJd ~ whom he had once mentioood to man in to follow up ld th after brief~ by ~ Purpose is selct - - f a r teaming with··-~ thEm after job done. Possible firxl peaking German as Italian. Possible German documentation? (3) Siragusa, Asst Deputy Narcotics Co~~ssionerJ as source on Corsicans ani Sicilians; query him whether District #2 ~NY,NJ,New Engla.n1) has West Irdian colored contacts usable for our purposes • • (4) contact: Rome, American Citizen, has clearance,good potential PA, experienced l'lith criminals J educated England and us. (5) offers gocxl possibilities of fin:iing . . . . . . . .and d&ti-&doo:ament-supplie rs. (6)~ontact-- bar mmer, speaks Italian, German, Eng~ ~; underworld Antwerp ard Brussels and l·lorld.ng knowledge underl'rorld Frankfurt, Cologne 1 Nice . I I . ·I t ::ru ard ~-.·- ·-- .. a · -
  • , REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES I ~IE.'IO~SDWI SUBJECT: FOR Til E RECORD lilROGUE/ 1 ~fission t{. J occcmbc r 1960 On 13 M3rch 197 5 a search of available docume nts was made to determine ' th e reason forche commentl paragraph 2 ' Of a 17 . 0ecemhcr 1960 cable from· , indicat ing that WCROGUE/1 h~d a t tempted to cr~it a Eu pe~n to be a membe r of "an e x ecut i On sq uad." The research d i J not clarify thi s matter to any g r e at e xte nt, althou!:h some as s umptions can be made on the ba sis of circumstanti:tl evitlet.ce. [ WIRnCUE / 1 w~s a n ethnic Georgian recruited and trained for the old : . . -~ .. o. prog ram. Alth ou~:h born in the Soviet Union, he mo·e d to h'cs tern Europe when two years old. lie fou~:ht in th e French Foreig n l.e f!ion , ~nd as of 1960 was essenti<~ll)' s tatel es s . lnvolveJ peripherally "'ith the French Resistance, he was s e ntenced to de3th by the Ger~ans bu t ,liberate~ by the U.S. _Army i~ 1 9:~s ~nd . n• tu;· ~cJ t':' ~~~.r~~· 1 ' r· 1/e . • r.) ric was brousht to the United States or i gina ll y for usc <IS ~ e of two ~gents for Project r;· .1 lie s pok e n:J tivc f re nch and flue n t Georgian , ~crman and~gli s h. By 1960 the Age ncy was inv olved in a reu so na b l y major effort to re set tle :'lRuGUE/ 1, pos sib ly in .'l cxi~:o, fo r the mission for h' h i ~:h he h:~d been lH Oil)!ht t o the Unitcci Sta te s had been can~:elcJ. h' fROGUE/ l' s file indi c 3tc s •hat as of 30 Auwust steps ~ere being takea to resett l e him in Mexico. llowever , on 19 Scpter.~ bcr 1960 two members of ,fric3 Di'ision met with him to di scuss " an operation:ll :tssi!!nr:le!lt in Africa Division." rn connect ion with thi s assignment , h' I ROGIJf./1 was to be t rained in Jcmolitio~ sma ll arms anu medica l immunization. Pl=tn s to resettle ll ir~ i u ~texico were cance leJ . lie 1as proviJ cJ a n e:..' pscupt>n ym and i mJnization s hots. In Oc t obe r 1960 a cab le t oL tated th3t EZ DlPOET CL BY 0 1830 7
  • t. r " n A Ll.:l • REPRODUCED AT THE NAnONAL ARCHIVES ..... I. l' IROC;U~ 1 WlS bcin~~rep;~red · f~r dec;:> Co·er as~;i~:nr.~cnt to :lte ~O' eml>er. ll caJquartcr:; noted 114!..intent o u sc hi m a u;ility a~ent in o r der to~(a) or~anize and conduct a s un•cillance team; (b) intercept pa ..:kagcs; (c) blow up brid ges ; and (d) ex ecu te other assignments requiring post· iv c action . J~Jii s utili:ation is not to be restricted to ' · · ·~ · lnJeed, he may be s uhject to call bY. other , . _._]although it is expecteJ for him to · be res en t inr . .''1 In this cable 1li'OGUf/1 ~as described correttyY~a s an inven~r. photographer, architect, . forger and forme · . • , :1 lie was jud g e<! to be )ingen~ous, ob~ervant, s rcwd, glib ~d one who reli shed intrigue and d a r i ng. lfe wa s a ssessed as able to "learn quickly and carry out any assignment ~it~out regard to danger ." As he ~a s in the United S t ates black, the plan was for him to depart black, d ocumented as an Au s trian, to surfacehin We s t German)' anJ fr om there to proceed on his own to · · I In November 1960 "to prevlt his identifica on with the-U.s . Government orr nd to preclude any un expec ted re~vcry of jihi s pa~ ~hich · ou ld associate him with hi s preL_ ife", l't' !ROGUF. /1 underIOent plastic s ur gery to chansc the shape of hi s no se . lie vas provided a t ou pee for con s tant wear and d ocuncntcd as an Austrian ~ho had~ eve r b~en to the United Sta t e~. Cove r fo r his presence i n · · · · · · · 1 ,~as to be as s hopkccpe r, po s sib l y that of a otogrupher--:-1 , rather ler. g th r :t s sessmc nt of his ch:tr ac t e r can be s umrucd up br s aying he was able to rationali:e ar.y ac ti on if he had s trong case officer direction. Trai;ling reconl s for n~OGU[/1, s ubsequent to hi s en~age me n t by the Afri ca Di v i sio n, indicate training only in Sh' . :~rrive . . I h' IF-OGUF./1 arrived in(' l o n 2 Dccer.1b~r 1960. !lis case offil:er gave him the follo-.dng instructions: (a) to build cove r - poss ibly by opcnin,! a photographic s hop; and (b) to try to spo t per s h s for a :; un·cillance tean, intcl ass ets , partic u l ar ly in · · ;l .l:~d para·rnilitary assets. Almost immed ia l r upon arrival ~ ran into G~b.~b who told the sta t ion :hat ~!ROG UC/i l ooke d like an intel ligence agent. I n attel·n pting t o recruit QJh' T:i.· for his "execution sq uad", W!ROGU[/1 exceeded his ins;.ruc ti ons toJ avoi~ making app ro aches without checking wit!~ • 2 s~
  • 1TA T>" REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES s¢ In J:tnuary 1961(.' . J:~sh·J for authority to rcr::i c lifiWt:UE/1 t o fly in!-! .c :-~ on s so that the . , plJ~~ coulJ bh uscJ ior 'raandest,i.Jt-: mi ss i.,ons (the plan-.: was r~ ~ i::t-:rcJ in · :tmc). L o~oo· JcJJ;ed dis,..>!.!'.J:tta~~ of fossin~ idrOCUr/1 an .. L. pcrJtions ' l.l, '.!)"a? never in•Jol·ed in :tny :t ss ass1 tion schemes). HcJJ~uarters approv c J flyin~ lessons. Ry ~arch 1961 Wf~OGUE/1 haJ obt:aincd the po s ition of advisl·r to thcf· • "p r . .. ' '• ~ .. . 1 anJ '-'a S almost'-tr.tr.ae~lately used for the purpose ot. ·t atncnn~~ntcllige~e on the- ' e By April 1961 theL' .)"ere attC'lllptlng use hi:-:~.:·o':>tain arms a_nd instructors 1n l'l'e~crn Euro~e. Dy April 1961 WIROGU~/1 was teachin~ t~e r · to fly air~raft, althou~h h e himself haJ l~a cd only evcral r.t~nths earlier and was reading na~ig:ttion m:tnuals at night to stay aheaJ of hi s class. In July 1961 ~IROCUE/1 departed [' · ··· i]bccausc he had run into difficulty obtaining a r~,;iJcnce permit. He ~·as terminated in Sc~cmber 1961. In a s unrur)' of his acti'ity in Augu s t 1961,' · · ·· · . . )said h'IROCU E/1 knew very little about . _rctiv- me · .bel · ·J ltlc!S. Itt--is th~writ c r's opinion th:tt h'IROGUE/1 was recruited ss ign r.~ ent becau s e of hi s thirJ country national back~:~u~~-• :' rder to ~st~ _lish :t suppor~ mechanic: in . • . • At th e tuneL w:t s 1n chaos, and there ,.,.as some that e polit) i..::tl :; itu.1tion would de~en erate quicldy . Thcf · ~possibly a l :; o ~:tnted to have a latent par:t-~ilitary c a~~~i1it and 1' I Rl~~:.; [/l ' s ba c kgrou nd and previ ou ::: tr.1ining for the , . . · • pro ~ r :H:-t r:1 . d e him a su itable c andiJate. 1 Thi s i s , of c ur s e, . for hi~ Q:t~ tc~oo· :1ss~ li~elihootl ':J co:1 j~c turc. ,9(1-1 Perhap s pertine n t i s ln Octohcr a ss e ss me nt of KlR0~~E/l who h:ttl bee n turneJ over to ] for re s ettling in G~r;:;an,·. Hesettl in~ him had tur·ne out to bt: Jn :: no rmou s pro~leo. ·The October l96~ cable note s that ~IROCU E /1 had an inc~n s c desire for intellig e nc e s ervice and enjoyed the role of lo1•cr e~.:he1o n action agent. Althou~h he thre a tened to ~ ;:, to ~o.· ork for th e French IES , it ~o.· a s not belie' cd that he 'fi.-.,4"' fw ~.i: ai -..·ould be acc e pted. The :t ss c ss rncnt inJi ca tcd there lo.'3 S little flap pote n tial with WfROGUE/1 s ince he knew little 3 '1 l L
  • • REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES .. r f
  • REPROOUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES .. · -· - ·""'"'-.. . . a..;:.... . 25 .1Une 1883 .. ..... ... ~0~~~~ • ,.,. • t. ..... . ,. .- - . ........ :. FOB: Chief, 7ore1~a lntell1ience I . ~--~--.,_.~~e:-~D'ffiit• t~r~~:-~ ·QJ'fi~ ·· ~rio~ QJ'f llf Septeoa~r and October, 1~60, llD o~•ratioo.sl aeai~~oct ••• teaaporar1l7 ord&i'old aod a pproved ty Kul:..t.R.-'1: ILlar.Squartera. l>.lring that ti::~e " V!o<.'p o ldville ,~ ·.. a !lct)J to hia $ l .• J in £.1olgiao Co~o franca. Subaoquectl)' , Q.rllli accouotod !or $1~..0, leaving an outllt•ndlna balance o! ~ All r e a!Sonablo e!!ort!l baye t>.on ~a.&do to oxj>la1o C.13 discrt.~pancy wttbout .-ucceaa. I do not bolhvo it is practical at thi:J ;>oi;1 t to •tte111pt to 1ovest1fillte !u r t b or to ~ctercind tho reason why QJWl~ acc ounting doe' not matc h · tbe advacce Ki~en bim. All ot our exporieoce with QJYIN lu:1 ds to tbe conaiderou belie! that the funds given hla w~r• aot1cu !ou s ly exi-'l:Jded :or tb" Clllo rati<.'OAl purpoeo ut111:ted . However , to view of tbe la ~ •o of tiaa it 1& h~rd:y reaaoaable to expect hi• to reconstruct tbosa traneactioo3 in dot~il at tb1• point. In v! -'• o! t l; ia, I roco;'l.~cnri that tbitJ aL'Iou n t of t bo -..r1tteo ott oo t~e c ~H1s ot tbe !cl lo ~in; certificntiou: 1o Leo;-olc· illA on be~t of •Y on operational ~ ~ orta a~d kno~led~e c ! QJliN that the ~ · io ~~~stion ~as ~seJ b y tbia ~~eat o%!1c13lly lor t~e o~ er~ti o nal purp o ~o» !or Yhicb the advaoce ~•a ,iv•n· I here ly ~no,led~o c.:ot· ti! ~ and belie: tbllt to the ba ~od :/ .·L ,/ Concurr~ncc : u / ){. : s. (C..(_-;~)· ' ./.)A.. r~/{_ {.".' LLo~rnncr • .Chiei, Fo:-e1.;n Int c lli~,;c.lce · W K. IL'lnc-,· 1:11J-; 213 June 1963 . Ori~; ~X~'U..~X - SAS.' } ' 1n .IIC' t..' 3 - C/FI ~ }L·
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  • 'I .--1'<; . L' ·j' , , , .•• .,, .·' ·-· (.rnv X.-JJ'I ,,.,.,, .. . . J.•" r---~ REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES .. ---. ClASSIFIED .MESSAGE ' 5 DATI ('BitE DIRECTOR TO flO .. INfO C8 . o . ";;, CI/OPS, Cl/lc,"f..j1 F'I/OPS, fE ~. S/C 2, COP ROUT IN( IN j l • . ., I ~ 'r:; :·i TO ,. r DIR 1. 1~]77 en• INfO SUBJ 0 fRE~CH- NATIONAL ~ .t1 TOLD HE RECENTLY 11WITE.D BY 'DIN RING 'wtiiCH RECEIVING "GRATIS" . . . FRCM CHIC::MS LARGE AMOUNTS OPI!Jol TO BE SMIXlGLED TO STATES. SUBJ WILLING DO UNDER GUIDANCE AMERICANS. 2. SUGGEST HQS MAKE AND ADVISE ARRANGEMENTS NEAREST NARCOTICS BUREAU.JffiCER COME LUXE WHERE CAN fULLY INTERROGATE ';: SUBJ, ASSESS STORY AND DECIDE ACTION. END Of MESSAGE :; ' :i z9 I -,rs&lt(l APR 1959 j• REPRODUCTION BY OTHER THAN THE ISSUING OFFICE 1:; PROHISITED. ' ·. I. ' . ''
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  • r lJI~~ A I 10 ~i(f--:r!"- ­ +t' l'rlorjty 4 t.ncea ;uo., requeot..,d on. ~vJcct who tot.n., re.farrod to .1n J.IIU"A 2 of · &... 0010. D~:. cndln~ on Uao o•1t...:oout ot the traces, it io J.lhMcd t.o uue jubjec t aa an ~nt. provcw:: at.eur :.uuJ/or a d ~able •Gent .~ainat. t.he ~viet.s. 1. Wom~t. 2. a :J knoW'1 8uiiJ ect oince t.he cc.rly 19!-C1 hhen ~bJect. v•s a s ucces s!UJ. ..,..u.xJ.er. ,. _, ~ J and , . • Sed Sub ject u an J infonaer on the act.hrJ.t.i iJIS nl' ut.her emun lers ... .u .:.:a 3 W i n lA•x.:Mbourg. i&l ri.nanc i&..ily i.nc.louted to '10 }.1.3 l o aned hiM mnney to c ot llhrte,j 1.n a lll,;it.iJr.-.t.e buainec:e. tln acloit.jC'n, • nawu • lot a bout $u~ject'o ~ j t illegal activities, vldch miv~t cunce1vably Le ueed agniJ~:.~ t ->..1bjcc t..) ~ubj ect ha3 111&11)' ar.-:1 vu-ied cout. act-4 1111 ong .llle,;al. trader a and p etty Cri.Jti.na.lO Ill$ V.,ll ILS amone lnfluent.ial. lef:J. tiJ ~ at." bU.U 1 1103!JI..,O• 1!0 is described by the ... a.o a quick t.h.l.nk:~r a1d one Who can "t.n ink on his teet w t h,. ""~stion arot: o u to vho a ou.tt-abJ.c canc!ic!~te .for J!.!:.Ov cx· :~ t.eu o;o lld~h t. bo, )l"" Jg 1 a t.r.d .jJI•Joct. , ;e wa3 t.hon r. o.l l ed i."l anii w[ t.h,ut. · hc ~ ..........n ho q ,3wor-:d t.nc :lilt•! ~ qucsttun 1Jo d: 11t.oly v:i t.h ~ubj.,c ~ 1 u n11111~ . uu" When t ho •tue:-~t.io: t WJ.S p1 : t t.<' ~ho i o r••tJr c con3 crv-ative 1•1 ru l'l jud,;ru., nt . t.h:m c: lt.ner ~ , t., ~o~J.uo ~a l!r c:od t.IJ:.t. ~ulojc c t. Wu.:J t.ho .ltll·kl choi c e. Al' f:or tllil t: t.o tho ;;;.a~ e1f tJmcnt of ..;.ruj ect, he .1.3 the t~ o of J.C rac.n v ho lol<."l d a.;.pc:U t.o ' · . , ~ and ~ill c ct llo h;.vo been c oarr.hi11G !or a •~c ans of p .:-ouinl int.G Y.GU 11r. Li v.l.t.los iJ1 LWLernwurc , ~ bjoc t 111ay well be t.he .man for t.ho j o b. If w-:: use .:;.Jbj ec t for tld :J purpo:..o, o.nrl 11' at any t iJTio dur.ri{J t h o o..,era t.ion it Should IA:COIIIC evicient t.hat. WO kl'O ll v t. CC t.t.lnf' e> nyw:-to t'C OT t hoit ;:iuujoc t. is not t.he m:..n f or thu j ob1 l4e ::hall. drop t 11e ot.t.t:mpt. i.JIIu.Dl~~ ~ .:lul>J~:;t lfi l l rl' car e!'ully a..'l:Jossed and briofctl by the ..; u nder coMt:m:[; C-y If and c l ODc: 6UtJt:rv1.u i on. Cv.,L; ? ~bj ec t. ). Adaition:U. l~~.at.ion :iul>jeC't. i!l as i ollo v:.:; a l!e li e i:t m~<rrie<! '<.<> • J.• :iul:.j l':c t. p real!ntly l ives i.il .. l' ll · L:.Lx.cnabow·g . -· . . ~. S .:i~pt.CIIIbt Oth•!1' W t1 · a p ouched reply l:i tt ,. . r 19!;8 Di:; t.riw t.lnna 2- J-WE .APPROVED FGR R~E 1994 CIA HfSTORIC,tit- ~EVI£W fROG RAM -~ · .:; . ( ·- · i·'.·: •;·. -~ ~1[--::'-'': { . I c./t..~. ·:.·. ~ , . ., ...,. _ . '·--· J-- ..7. ·· ( . ..., )J •• ·~ .,.. ' •• I• . ..., : ~t ,.. . ... .. . . , e.•..: t • ,. 1 .. . • , •( .<···-.. • ' · ., {'/ . :.!...... (; · 1'l c: a ue c a ble .a:.:f ooror.11 t ory infur·nu. t.ion. will su1'1ic c • .... ;uCljC: 1~~ ,.,.•. '! / ' / z3~;n of / . ~ i~t.ho -· - . IJ T J
  • __1__ CO"l. • r·~. --~ " I I ! '' i REPRODUCED AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES L - - -- ~L.v-· · - ptl • j 1 - i(-<-- - - . ---------~---- -·- ~---'- I . J~l.._ ...>.) ____ _ - - C.t.a • .l~ Chllt!• o~ • . )(r L, -_r ····: (.r.nv --sr..rP l ._,;;,< .:· "POl· ,o-l. -· i..... - -.-:-1 -;.: ··-:-1---~ •!.' .-A.... ~ ~reot..ie ~ ~ a..•~,"~-~ . .. . b.. · - . 3~ ~~ % - ________. _ ...,.........., . I ,- : .c~:• - ~~--":----t ....... 0,(1~•·4 r--·· t- -- · · - - -·· - - - · -·1 ._ :~::~::~;:-0---··-!-.l . :-=_ .___._____ __ ._ · --·----t ~~" ·.·~- ~ ~~.. '1251 (aot - t .. .A. a. ~j (not_, a,. eun (•o~ c. aeql .... • . .I . . u- roU..sac cas. ~ bou pi'OY14td t.nt~QQ ~~ • ~ t.o • - IAP.~ · liT a Tr-leb oaUiliD&l ~ d-.irad be j91a a~ -- riac· ~nc ot IIIU":GU.C. ~ b7 U. c~ C~onbt..• 1. I .j . -~ ·I A .I.cMK..-src c.ll'U . r.port..edl t.hat 1a &i~rU 1~9 eoe :, aak-4 k1a .o job • l'1ac . ~ ~·..t urp .. .,.,.,t-41 ar r.... opl'YII .rn. u. ~ on tbat 1 M ....Q-.1011 lnto the lh!W st.at.... a.1.:l blat. t - S1dllaae r-&i.UZ.C lJI ,.....,. bed -Cf"'U.f'JJ.lT ~·~ 111 t.~ tratno• - - ., vbool all~ ~ ,..,._w.:.l !SO k:U~ ~ o- ~ 111 Koftc Jor-c ...J M.U-.-roecl u ~ 1r. u. Osst t...t at.ate. an.... ~ ria C.w.da. JIUl ~ ~u. ...s..s tor .. ~ T1.M a.o all.~~ ba ~t.oe4 l c.ond'''"' • tw $zoo. · · ~• u ct•aa a~ u t'Dll~, • 10-r. Ul.oa. •• .- t.7, ~~ ~. and M va1~ ORa, b&.ir, baldlq, .-n.l. IKe. b.'""'WD r.J*~, Ul.dc l.l,pe. ~~oa-wr cttaroett.e n...-. lD s..~u cW:ltr;r. ~-.£ ~u.o. t .. rore ~ &f't,q tla• "-r ~ ~ U'Tloa. ~ ~ u-., be l..e.n t.t.- r- u..~ and vu l.ul ~ 1D ~ l~ ( . . 11.w1~-n.n ~) ~ ~ '-'l' -..ea-. no.ae. .w...~,.,_ ' Ma wUlin~ o .oo.s;t. 11 ... n.a bnoe ~ ~.. cos. ~~bourf. tlbo bt.~ ldJI, 0~~ -.1 Ul~t ... p;-obablJ' lrncw'e ..,,. than~ t.U..S ~ u tn-,alnd 1.a ~ d-.1 r~ M11.ctJ he MtU to prot~t bt.r..elt b7 br-.i.na -~.. to .-t.d.e ~1. b. i.e 1110nilv Cor the.-.~. ~. l•u~ ftl%M~ ~ •· ~-tat.i.-N bo Mat t~ ~ wt-..re :D.- 8oUd t.u~• L'1t...no:at4i lbe l..ta:.-b.,llr,r ~ %'be ~..s :r- ...__. ~ •torr. z. Tha -t...r.lal. -.-... · fw.r.,J ~,....,.. air.- 1.f - . . telt u~t u_.. llltbt b- a tl• ln w1t..b t.W ..... ..ye-t1.ca . • ~et?OT 0 tdt. llrXf U• 1a Jd.Q.t. b. r-t.o - •t l-..t. •f. t.hh ~1:9 - 4IOd IHDI AO fte4d !ur ' ~n. tM ....__. lJ o.1.. ~.._,.'-"' etor~IH. .. ;4. ~~ - • lr.!or..cl ln 1 - . J . ~ oC .he 11-.........__, '--n o1te<t 111 p.~ 1 at u.. t.t... tJwy """'' ~ tJ.t thw !.. 1."tonu:t•-. a u.at u.. ~ •u.tr•~ ~.. ~ ~.. tt..rr t>. M&~..s '!:::7 -~ ·~u tba ..·.. ..ll o_._.;U.t. w1U • '-"· ~ • • - ~_,_.l.inc ~ •u.t.l•tr"t..t U.."- ~ l~ M -::r 'l&!-te o~ : •nra.-- ..... IC1It ~t. Lo J!Cr. •.... ~ _. U. 1n •~ U.. 1-"r l•~• ~ U.. !'14 ·.-~u- •t..aa ~17, ·- -.f ~r t..b.U ....... ·~~ 1, d - . -.... • U.O
  • __.) ,J - L' "_) ~ .)M ~ J ...-. W , . - •• ~ ~ ... ~ , t!d ~.t,bl·• ~ (JDV X df') . ! __,-. w ' - .,._ ...- _ -- . RE:PROOUCEOIITTHE:NIITIONALIIRCHIVE:S _ ..,.__. ... ~ .a ha ee,d _ _ '.ook ta-W U:le ~U1'e t.t.orn• ti1U. u. ~. - .· li .. ... I 1 1 )~ i ' • Or1c . 1- ~1· 1-1. 1- 1 • )f.J 1-~ . a.v ·. .. ~- · "':' .~ .. '' • . ' "' : - · . :·....;.. ' ,. .'. .•. ' .-· ' . , •' ..... _..... ------,.;.,o. _ _ . . . :.-·. :' ... ... "'·.- .... - ' ' Dl•~· . .. I ~ I ... · . ·,r . ::1 ,_. .. -. I •. ; 17 JV.-r VI/Z{l- .. ~ . "i ~ ... .. .. . "':•, I, o-- ·. )
  • • rr - 22o OATf ~~.2..._lLlt2L~-~~~~b~~9:::::1.;;f;;J~~at..:3:~~. - -- ·~ TO OIR(CTOR UOM 1 ~~'~'0 C/fl/0 ' ~' C/rl, t/Ar, S/C 2 .. "'''~' '~,~ ·!'u ... . , •'t .,. ~: ROUT INC INfO ~~ ~pPls( .,., ~ • P' em DIR . "' ADVISC SOCmCST tTA Q.NIH. SOONCST AS IHSTRVCTCD4 fOR I: II'FE:RATIV( t«: ARRIVE LCCf."...D'(ILL( rLCASC ADV I SC J.. . ENO Of K.SSAG( i. I ,,·, r-- i - -- IN ~1261 J0 (OPCRATIOHAL lffii:O.l• r ~ - --6 • ACTION .. • 0291 ..
  • ,. ". .. SUBJJ!CT& QJWU.' APPROVED fOR RELEASE 199J CIA HJSTORJC~ R£VJ£W PROGRAM Subjeot or this CHlll~ ie 411-yeo.r~·old C I.uxombntU'£) ~1t1Zf''l who hr.l' bOC'Il ut.Ht7r•1 by thio Org~t.niz:at.t"n oln~10 tho And of l96o 1n ocveral eon~1t1 ·v:- ot:";·t·~· Jnn;; 2- ' __ Pi~0Cf:1.)(1tTE: ..... .. _,, .. ~ l.96l, at ·tro rcqu~o·t ,f t.'1C! Co.a~ Officnr, , Sub.j wao teohni<'etlly 1ntorrogntet in the French le.nguagA at l i•'r l'"li 1 ur • . <1Hl':Ml'y. Tha purpose or thtJ 1ntorrogntlon wan to ai:l tn cldol'fo1.lntn.' l'I;ICt.ht'T S•.tbJcotl On ) l ML.J"oh, (o.) io proGcnt]y 'lorlcing for any otj1or 1ntP.ll1g<'ncf! nt'rvlw•; (b) hM told !DENTI'l'Y~ arlyonft ~len, nbout the opel'o.'t1.onr. 1 n '.'/l-,tt''· •··· .. beP.n cngao~l fnr Int<-llJ./3<.!0C~ s~rvino; (c) hau honoet.ly reported about. tho ~nrk t.lmt ho hns .1nno r o r telligencP.. • T.ht' following inforroat.ion wa.a devf1lnped during tha 1nt~rvl~w )11 "· ruta ttw tc· ,· hnj("-11 int.~rt'ogationl ... Suhjoct Dtatcd t.hnt ~.n clrntJ. 1953--195'~ ht' IJM' flppronc.hd by IDENT IT'/ r , a 'Bolglan ol t.1 zen, whom ho hGd lmnlm n).n•; g 1<)1~7 • to ubtaJ n a enmp lo 'lf r nnw mo:jE!) ~J~J.-"n e:un fer the hettrftt cf 1111 EMtorn cc-untry. Sb jf":· ,. ;· p..,rto<l thle in~iJw~.~ili•tn lDffiTJ:·Y D, '"hn r;tftn-r~~ hJ '11 Lo J.D~fl.'C'fY B l'. d1 ' · J::).'1'ifl."TY J·;, a _ , offloi-Lt at. nJtbu:t•g ttL:· &r.u. 1hjeot ndv1.Acvi thnt. upon his return f~l<lv1.llt', ht v1 ~ i ·r,• l rt::J:'l if' l'l'Y B, but. dirt not c11ocur.o hJ.r. work with thr. ~ tt ThAlr ncmv{'rna-ctnn ·~ l')nC'f•rT1·~ Jhp n:i ': l•ni·.i"'l :., ;..:::· :":.'ligf.'l, tn gew•ro.l. :·.::..!T : ::: ~ -"'·>: ·~ · .::.-t!.l~'> ;. .:=.!... ·t. :n~t. a .. r•t:.:·rr t'tY F. uht:l pi~O !:I'l lll 'llB~ l r 'lff nn 80 Aw• tt•1 aa. f .lo.1!hr>1 a b:-&1 ~ ·~ i.~o l ~ . u-..d ),t• ·•npl~!-t to n•nnd~ SubJ~· ot tu 1o~nr· k for tin o.1~~ct WC'Ot.Pm tnt.. l i~-:- ')H• • r,"i ,~ ::. , h.1 nt1tl[·; thai'. ha ·laiJ ;~tcn•tlng for t.hf' ~ 3ubjnr1· r• ·)) ~' J'tt• l tit . lllfl JoucJ Cenn Offlo~t·. ~1 ::;~_•.JJ,)ooi. st:lh~l t.tm": ld.!l 1vlf'!~ t~ ~V!<)L'll''l1>'d tdi'h IDEJrl"'l'J'l :::; tt-!11 'tl u''nJ• i l·"'·~ : .. !.:·1 u , . J~'.: 1Cl ~lt.S.l1P. l'')h 1 .1 nr.~l:~p '":ti.IJ hJ•1 ~ll ) Pt"t il'/lll"(' l' ll/1 l r' J.·· ·.·r· r.' I y J·:-.~:: :.1 -r!l~lu•.leo;:inc t·-:. : ~r::.U.:-whln •lith tlw _ . " ' 1 1 : 1 H•'.lt. l·r; -.~o~ll r: lht"' c·:·..-: ·' , . .. t•:,rt Stii•,Jf.· ·· •·.. J<•or ·plht>~; h1!1 to; .lf·~ ,1;:. 1Jtl:J <'t::<' d1~H · t·r;H: i ; ,, ' it·~ J .. ·~ •• . • :•r u. tr I 1 8Jh,)l!t!t. atlltt~d. t.hl':.l. ..,,.,. n"f.:'or'tl 1'ror.a ll):f o1 o<~d rroaou-c~: llJrtj a hJ t.rv_,r h•••t.r i. :·· · ; · ·· : . lc'h'ldl hlJ' b<!t'h •1 tnt?"l ·'>~c·-.j "'.., f'llH(' 1 l by "n~t '~'"., 1J"ld 0•1t 1' '' ~I) ,.., ·;·i ·,tJ ro ., •. , : l i :•·, 1 .• !))~!.1l,, :1 ' •Jlr;~rn patrmt. f,lvli~:nt! r:•, n b Jild.:,.: i tj' II·• ~t<'r'. n!"'! :•vtriJ' t.n'.n· 1" 1 ;, , t.Hr't1 t o:J ~ lie ,.,. ;_, :• IJnahlt.• to o'~-to.in it in L.t~Opolrlvilla and conaHI.l. t·Jd rr t.'ll .i•l"!lf, i.iiatl l'l'Jdi•1 .~.1 dootor ··t horo, who• gavo him'" oimila:t- fit'•'IAnriph"t Ghioh, ho rHct ho'r1o"~.r; n~t · ·· '"' "~ ' IL7 ,, . . uso~ . : :..• .. :!. , .. , · :· ; ·· i. · ' ·, ; n n ' •' " • ~·""' .: o}l~l'J.li,U:I.ll t l,t:•:ia rllc.ro.. l ·. ··., ~~ ·,•f!!• ;,l. •. tf• ;·:· ~~ ...-~ Vlith tl•c ~xo~ptiCln of then·~ which ycau ho.vo mcmti o:a•?•l, l·a ·rr colla.boro.t 0 rl 'P). th ~:ny oth•n· int•llJ. teeuco Aer1ric ~:-· ·:- .anuwer: : . .. '... llo .. Subject stntou ihn.t; he hn.d collnhorntt~d with t h11 J,uxurnbour«, Helt,ci nf& Oarmnn Intulligonoo S the Fronoh M,•q :~. J hofor o h!o current naaoo!ation with tho Hie ot)llnbortLlon lith tho Belaian Intclli{,ence :; aun·i-ncident o.nd tho' w. and ·.·: :1o•.• • • •• • ~~·------------------ • • 0 0 •• •• • • •• • • ~~~~ ... .. .. .·: · ... - -· - • t' . . •. .. ..
  • r ·~ '' ,inu ;t;~.,:,~l't IntelliGenoe Sorvice occurr u ~ J,u""<C!Iilhnu:rp: f>~'r vico of hto ll11Jpi · · Tho .,•·. ·;·n :· l.! ol ·r: • :." ;.•·· ··.,,ed ~ nd Sub~dot did not ~ c ct 1') fie r•icco collnbora tion with the oiron 1954 "h~n ho infor~ad cion raen thrOUfih a.nyono 1l Subjoot atntctl that ho is nloo kno1m to tho Fronch nnd De lgi nn Polioo D 3 pnrt~ento in connection with l1io illccnl bu31nooo tro.nae.ctiono .. ... ·subjeot oto.to~ hic1 onl~ :JirAot oontnct with rapreocnta.tivoo of a Communiot, Govornmcnt oocurrod when ho oallod nt tho lrumnninn Trado Ui3oion in Dorno, Hnitzorlnttd, in oonncotion "1th n buoineou dou.l in ~hich he no.o onaaaod in IDEHTI'l'Y Ao 4o " Are you prencntly aivincr in Corron tion to the Luxembourg So.L·vico? Anawora Noo 5• With the oxcoption ot. tb.JIIIIIIIII a.ro you oeoretly oollnborRtina with a Weston' intolli~o~~? 7o Are you seorotly oooporntine with a Comrnunint intolliacn co oorvioo7 MO'RCTI 10. uo. Do you correspond Anowers ~ith Bnyone in nCommunist country? Noo Did you r~yone tho dotnilo of your ooorot 11ith t h e . _ . An'orrora 15. No. Did you oomplcto, hon,~stly, your O'lorot missions; for ';ho Annwora 17. Yo a. With thu oxoeption of the onae who l'..norro thnt you fork for tho Ananera ·subjco t nnyono else t!Jtn~o Wlmtiono~ hio wifo and :COI!:llTI'l'Y D l:no'11 or his with~ Did yo" toll :mr:tl'l'ITY D tho datnils of your wot·lt for tho Ansrrera .. ! ' I,, mo, in lfoo anaooiation 21. aoaoci~tlon No .. ~ · Did you rev9al to _ snyono tho n~turo nnd tho dotailo of your mission tor tha in J,aopoldvillc'i .Ananorr .... Jlo,. · 26.- : --Dic-:)'OU honaotly roport to l .····!•n) ·t·.rl )."'. , ~· ,.,_ .;. 1noflorJ Ull r.VI)J'.vthin~ ., .. , f:nnl-: · , , ~ n 'l :1:~ thtt Y~o. Yihile in Itnl.r nnd DYitts"irland ·iu Fob·,..~.~~IJ~~t•m~""~~m~~~'bf.~·j to nnyono tb~t you l'lore aoaoolntod ti th An:->WOT."I no • . Annwftrt no. . t ~·· ;.:' •• ~. . ..... ' ' · . While in Italy and Swi and in to un1ono t~e nature and tho deQlls 0 ;;. • •• .• · " . . . . . ~ . .... .J. ·•• . . .·. .,. : - r7.~------------------- .. .. , • No ~ u. ·• • 0 · .~. . - • :. . l••. r or .. l • . •' ind1o~te , 1961, did you thia miatd.on? .. ... ...... v •., ' - ~ • • ~ • 0 • • • • •• •
  • ! .1) 1.'1 yn n '.o 1 !':::!Jl' .('i'Y 11 1. ~rJ dc) I..Ji :L: : of 61 --~ . , 1 ,, ,. ,.. ~~ . 1 111 ,Hop ...l•; 1.... 't :l , r.. ' 0 I • • • • - ;,j::,·: ,j r, , ! ' • • I • • • ~'0ll" lni: · u lr: n rrn· 'l; )~ a S nitzarlnn~? worldn~ for the I~'r cn ~: h In tolli.,1!H1cc: ~er vico ll Ho ., 5d. .. Nod Anowora ' Are you preoontl;y working for tho Luxombourg I11telligonce Scr.vioe? An3v1cra No~ Are you preoontly work ina for tho iYoat Oermnn lntollie;cnco Service? 5f. Anew era llo n Are you prc:;cntly workinn for thP. 7n. An slfrn: : 7o .. IU!Jl~d. nn lntellie;P.nc<:~ Sr.rvic e? No ., Are you praRently working for the Soviet Intcllif;onco Sci"vi oo? Ane110ra llo ., Arc you pronently YOt•king· '(1'. Ano11cr a I I • Ara you prooenltly 11orkine for the Bole;ia.n Intalligonoe Serv:i.c6? 5oo I· !tnly Rnd Arl:l you preoantly AnGworl 0 to :rnEW.fiT.l' B t, hf! dct.fdl r; or ~.' OV I~ I1 ~ ~n 0 : IL-~:~ .. ,.'·, I. l~Pii' WI•~··t~'.I ••~.. ·S·?IP~'I,IS~MISII!•zli::_..:; : 1 •. ''c• ' . t. A • ' - nJI .Hll.l, l 5b. ~· ··l•.t · 7.' :")"./ • lld. I 1'01' th e F::liJ ~ Gl!:rnmn l ni; "J lll (;"l ~ nr::n ~~-~·r,~-:J. cc? No , I ~" £.9.!!fJdlli.LClliJ.. An an:1!ysia of Snbjcot 1 s charte inrlicatoo that Subjnct ia uo t cu::-ront~ ).y collrlbOl's.tlng l"i th uny other ~noe n9rvicc tm d hno hon•wtJ.y aud di ncr ce tly ac cnmpliohad hio mi.:'oionao . , In v :i. o~ ~tollirronc e Sorvico aneinned of Snbj oot f G cloao rolntionship wi t.h ~mE ~lTT '.l''{ n f i t i 0 reGOiUGH::ntl·be d'fo1~d ~ d technical intot·rocrat~. onu f•) llollinr; o!ly nsa iunmcnto he mny bo ~~). von in th o futur.e .. erJ t h::t 5. Sub;joot Dl~;sg/liNA'riOH OF A ~~y .POilTIOU OF TH!~: YF.HDATIU. "'' .. ·~-.. , I ·_,., 0 . , ·~ ' •• ~ • .... : .I •, . ·... . ........ .. ,.... ·.... . · ·..•.' I' ·~· .- : 0 · 0 • ... ...,.. . .. . ., ,., · ~· . . ., -·. . .... ··.·~·· • •• 0 • • , .
  • Inn f/34, 94~ ldou.ti ty J .,. r. . c ... l D • ~ J.• .... 0 ~ .. •l ...... ,. •• ·~· ~ t ·. .:..,. ·'. ·, .. . .·· .. * • ..... ·~,.,. . ·~ · .'· ... . . . ,;" ·.~ •• .. .. .. r. ... •• • . •• • •.• • • , -,1
  • ..-----· TO: ... Th~ .··' ( Di recto::- FHOM: John. ,,, 11 April _t.{!Vrccone 1. No me moranc.lum can b~ located cove ring the August 10, 1')62 meeting; how~vcr, it is hi~hly probable that one exists. 2. ~teetings of Auciust 8 or 9, 1962, in th~ rr,s Qper~tionq Roo ,... (Pentago-:i) and August 10, 1962, in Secret<!.ry Rusk's Conference Room we:::-e for t'ne: pt!rpose of considering staff proposals for Phase II of operawn-b4.(d.l~:1e~5f:i-:--.,-.J his ope ration wa s u n d~ r the d i r e c ti on o f G e n.~s;....r;r:..;aw ·I~.-------... • T tici :J.tio!'l {under FitzGerald} . meetings --probably the meeting in the JCS Room --I . tone recall a suggestion being made to liquida te top p~ople in the Castro ;t·egime, ipch·diAg C;u;;tro I t ook im:n ec.liate exception to this suggestion. sta ting that the subject las completely out of bounds as far as the USG and CIA were concerned and the idea should not be discussed nor s-hould it appear in any p;J.pe1·s , as the USG could not consider scch actions on mbral or ethical g;-ouncls. 3. Imntedi:J.tely after the meeting, I ca.Eed on Secretary l.1cNamc>.:ra personc.lly and re-emphasized my position, in ·which h-:! heartily agreed. I d~d this bccau:;e operation MONGOOSC --an intcr-d(~p2."i·trr.c:tt;J.. l affair was unGer the op e rational control of DOD through t~e JCS. 4. At no time did the :;uggestion receive serious consider 2.tion by the Special Group (augmented ) cor by any individual responsible fo:::policy. 5. Through the years the Cl.!ba n problem was discussed 1n terms such as st!"o " " remove a. " "knock off Castro " etc., and this meant the ove rthrow of th~ Communi~t Government in Cuba. and the replacing o( it with a der:1ocratic regime . Terms scch as lhe abo ..·e C!.pp~ar in r-1any workir.g papc r s , :nc mor2.ncla for the r~cord, c tc. • and, as stated, all refer to a change in l}.c Cuban Gov~rnme nt 7 r
  • ;~·· ( ... J ~ ·. . St!::::3JECT: CIA Connections with Oq;c.ni7. c d Crime 'tit!, o:1c c~ccption CIA h~s had no ~onncctio:1 with crg::r.nized crime. It coes not cpnc!ut:t ~nd has not conducted pro~rams related to foreign CO!!.<!CCtious wi[h urganb:ecl crirne in lh e United Slate::;. If, in the course of normal co~ntcr!r.tclJigctH.:e operatic:"ls abro a d, t!tis type of information. co~e.s to the c.ttenlioa of the 1gc:lcy, norr-:1~1 pror:edure provides for its t r2ns1ni tt~l to the Fcder<'-1 Bureau of Investigation. · '!;'rom August 1960 until June 1963, CIA attempted to ~~.rry-0ut a sensitive opcrat.iQ[~ in Cuba through individuals who ~ither had COJ!ncctio"ns ~1ifu cr ·w e re 1:1ernbc1·s of organi'l.ed crime. At the begin ning of the operatio:l, the syndicate still had gatnbling operations in Cub<'. c.nd , <'-S a result, had cc~t;:>cts i:1 that country. It: was inl.:!ndcd that thi!i ~CC•!ss he used in th~ partic ~lar operation. The attcrn~t to us-e the Sj":lcl!t:ale' s coulacts in Cuba ended i~ e a rly J.961 but the key figure in the U:1iled States continued to be involv ecl ln a later atten1pt to wad{. tlu·ough ~ Cub2n refugee who had no other CO!'!t~cts ~;ith or~a:1ized crime. The desired access never ma.terialized, 'nd the operation wc;.s terminated fonnally in 1963. • ..
  • .. ~ ~ - . . ~ . .. . . - I· r .. : -~ ~- t~ ,. ( . . •. !· ;; .. -l. i: i·· ; . . .. •' .. - : ,. - : :. O:JYID4waS~~~i:oF~l ::~~;;)~.~960 l t&-.bl~~~b.kea.~~-~-~·h:l:ci.S)~iet-Q ~-ik& Ge.lg~~.C.e~o? ~t.:~:.!.:-!..:1 fk.e Rr.f~~ l>f.' J>Otenti..Mt l!1vol.~ec_ greld fe~!'la.La.1 r1Sf~ t.t> lti..rn a.M ~ tw~S) obli.~ ed, f;o ~ J ~ ~tc b: r..l!4 S:: 6 tf ff. CS-t.lll b13 ts U.S ic.es ~ -e;.lV..~ it~ t.gree&l ~~t I' byt:his ~ -;-:-i:...~ Q.,J:-i !:'Hkn-+hi.S' ~ , ·I ! • . '·'IM'r . . e~.~~.ZU:hn ~.LbeA+~ ~~.f-_fl_. COO. CO p.-4~Mt»'fkt _pl: I· ._.: · ~ h-~9 e~;pet.9~~ l.D'rt!' ~F~rl"4t!oino.He-5~ ~Ol.e ~~~0t-~ ~:t-~bs:l~~ .. • . Ii' , -• .• i ~ :1,-., Pn or t:-o dcf.JU>:nt.t {oa- :i:hf! ~i"<go 0 t1W IN owa..s ~ blig"e.4 toho:""et t.r> 3eve.tXl.E:u.ropea..rn~nhies j " on:!e~r to~ "$'O"M>e · a:r~~g'e.Jrt~~~ 'Iha ent:h-e per.lod of hls enJpl.oy~~t- ~TalL the tMgi~il cl-~is .1n.iSlSj)Ot1 ~~~u /d-)~ r.e~t:Urn l~ ~e ~~() cover~ ~f ~Sl ~~~-ve·~'l' ~- ~b~, ~'Jb?.. E!o~ ~ ~ ~ aJ.ht!t~ op-e~1 ~[!A!'AS~ "--~.i.c:k ~~ ~ e-e.. rt1h'lt b-.rs cd. ~y tha.' ~-~ ~i~ ~~ {u.rNc::n! ~~:e1p~o4 ... .. - :· - .• .. i'hi$~~n-~h.4.h.u ~~ ,fUUctGc~ple+d; i~tr.?:r~~ :::::-,~3 P-1 ' · ~... _ ~t~~~ ~rit-e.t= owho -SAfcl Nitt ~.tao .. ~. ~i_fk- e..x-4~- f:.a-t. tt.U ~)'~ ocl ~~'7 ~ ~:JW ~ . : • 1 ~ . .i' m ! . !! .' . :" . ,. ' • : . ! . -"'- . .. _.... _____ _ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ' - - = - ' - ' - -· . . . -·- . . , .. ~· "j ...;__- -==-- --= -- ------~-~---------............~--:--:.
  • -- ~ ~ l REPRODUCED ,oT THE N,oTION,oL ,oRCHIVES :. ,; - , //1 _J· -v -- --- •V 01'rE Date:03/22/94 Page:l JFK ASSASSINATION SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION FORM AGENCY INFORMATION AGENCY RECORD NUMBER SSCIA 157-10002-10075 RECORDS SERIES MEMORANDUM AGENCY FILE NUMBER - -------------------------------oocuMENT-INFoRMATioN ____________________________ _ l~~~ V''' • ,;fr·'t' ~ ; . 4. - ~~i ,, < i U ORIGINATOR T~::: CIA HARVEY, WILLIAM DEPUTY DIRECTOR DATE PAGES 08/14/62 OPERATION MONGOOSE (/) :X: .. c:: 2 0 i ·~ ~lo ~ , ·l u ~ ~. 'l ~ ! ~ ,i ' SUBJECTS OPERATION MONGOOSE CUBA CIA DOCUMENT TYPE CLASSIFICATION RESTRICTIONS CURRENT STATUS DATE OF LAST REVIEW '~l ~ .. !·· PAPER, TEXTUAL DOCUMENT u OPEN IN FULL 0 03/25/94 OPENING CRITERIA Box 244 COMMENTS -( ~·~F~older 13 -- . ~. ~.~ -----------------------------------------------------------------------------[R] - ITEM IS RESTRICTED .., ...: I .;J J ' .t_ .1:.JJ.') )/11/?1
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  • .• '>. 'I . •. ' ' ' . ... I I •• • I • •, ' . •"';', ' / I. I . J: '1 J L' • t ' · I' t; I ll '.•"! ( . . •:.:t ,_., , , r ' j l ) I I L' • ( ll• · •) .. .. : • . 1 '· '"'" •• 1·;. ,, ' 1 l' l ',~ t•J ' • l:'t.)•~:, i !.d: '";! '', . ' t : :~•; . ol,r·: ·· , .. , J::r •,. :. :-.. ol • Ill'. I ' l' ' I' . '.• ' ' It ,1 ! •1 · I t ' .• i 'l • :., _, It I I • I 1 i '') 'lt.' •',J'i•!f •: •! ..l:• l I·~ · ~ j l' t ' t; , l ,• , ...• , o; . 1 1 , 1 0 ' ' ' • -.' & •,'t! lt!t .,.t,,,t iJ ~ •!. ! • ) ; : '! I) i &,' t) I ~ ~ 1: '•' . l , o.• . •', 0 ... ,. . . " .. . t • ..... o, L ! •• ( j • • t! , 0 ·/ ! . ,. L· {.~;1;./. • " / · / ...I _, ~---- •. . I' 1o'l l r . l . f.:. r .<. - •. : t. .<..'/ '•, '( .::""· ~ ....: ·.·r : -~· '·: • .~· > r,.. <~ ... , r " , o; • o 'I·• 1o! 0., o : t 1 s o' ':! .', 7. .. :~ : .,·. ., ,. .. . ~" , . ... ~-~ ,~·-,·1~. .. I-·· • ' • ) • :. i .. ;,: ' !• ~ ·- . .. : ,. .:..: ::... r ~ .. .·
  • .. .. . . .)t - .~ J!'Io •l I 1 ' ;' A ! ( --- ;? IA:cc.~bc r lCX)o ~ ....... _,_- ·-~•. .... ,r ·"· t _/ - ,. <..;: )I • I .. .•... 9Ozc ~3 £3 tO ·t loOM DIRECTOR (01'<1 , c;,,r 3 INfO • P!l C..'U":r OII(U(Q DC I I D/DCI, DO?, COP, ~OP/A, C/CA, C/C I I C/rJ 2, ..... '".. · ~ .'.··;,) .. ~ S/C 2 ~ .. ,, ..-" ; ..... . 10 Z~z "' IOUTNf C/'.,.·c 2, lXJT O~T51 5~¥ ..;H.~ •" ]5841 15--~t .lm:.RES~ POSSIBLS PURCRASX. 2. lV.VE NO OPS D;'l'!:RF.ST FJRS1Jlj;Q u:A.D D11' 3. llOT.E POSITIO:l O;f ~'D *DC:.SX CC.·=-~"1': ..J .: h~d lll.L ADVISI. ~m;sr Jt DIR 3221~0 ( CXtr CO."fTTNUUNO D'l'fO.L S.."'9')4) .... OF lo!ESSAGB I • liru:;onds collected by 1AG.!I.i o~1c1Ala tr.;;-:1 v1.l.l.!1GCS os tJo)..: G 1 :oupr>e>&cd..l..n ~h:cd at 20 t11.ll.io:1 dal.- lnn. '-'!lilted l!l'tact> 'Jcu~ this. Request Bqa co=::nts about baving ! :ci:l.& T "d ellcit ins d1A:::ond salo pitch. ..,,C!l arrs.n..-e Accr3 based rep ot · meeti.Ag. CIS co:nment: •• Cable pre-datcs.current C/S files. A copy will be forwarded if desired, ~,w IC•I•tiNG OlltCCt . 41.1 f"I NII(AfiN0 Oflt(lt REPRODUCTION 8'1' OTHER THA~ THE ISSUING OFFICE IS PkOHIBITED. .;; (OPJ No. L • ,.. 1'
  • ..-- ... ---· TO: Th~ FHOM: .·... ( Di recto:::- Juhn ,,, 11 April -~-l§kcone l No me moranc..Ium can b<! located cove ring the Aug~st 10, 1?6Z meeting; !10w~vcr, it is hitihly probable that one exists. 1. 2. ~!eetings of Au6ust 8 or 9, 1962, in th ~ rr,s Ovs; r:!.tion·j Rpm,..... (Pent.ago!'l) and August 10, 1962, in Secretary Rusk's Conference Room v1e:-e for the: purpose of considering staff p:x::oposals for Phase II of operahis operation . .-,as und!::r the direction of Ge · . T rtic i :J.tio!"l ( unc!e r FitzGerald) . . tone meetin6s --probably the meeting in the JCS Room --I recall a suggestion being made to liquidate top peo[Jle in the Castr_Q__ :regime, incl,·ding C•u;tlio, I took im:nec..Iiate e x ce?tion to this suggestion, stating that the subject las completely out of bounds as far as the USG and CIA were concerned and the idea should not be discussed nor s-hould it appear in an:r papers, as the USG could not consider such actions on moral or ethical g;-ound$. 3. Imntedi:J.tcly after the meeting, I cal!ed on Secretary l.1cNa.m?.ra personally and re-emphasized my position, in which h-:! heartily agreed. I d!.d this because operation MONGOOSE: --an intcr-dep2.'i· t:rr.c:tt:J.l affair was unc!er the operational control of DOD through the JCS. '" 4. At no time did the suggestion receive serious consideration by the Special Group (augmented} ~or by any indi •ridual responsible fo:policy. 5. Through the years the Ct!ban problem was discuss~d Hl terms such as _.:.:disFJeas of Castro," ''remove Cas ll;.Q,. " "knock off Castro, 11 etc., and this meant the overthrow of the Communi!it Government in Cuba and the replacing o( it with a der.1ocratic regime. Terms such as lhe abo ..·c 2.pp~ar in r.1any workir.g pa pc rs, :nc r.~orancla for the r-=:cord, c tc. , and. as stated, all refer to a change in t}.c Cuban Govc!rnment:- ~-
  • ( J ~· .. St':3JECT: CIA Connections with Orc~ni7.cd Crime 'fifh o::1c e~ccption CIA h:1.s had no c_ onnectio:. with crg;:mized crime. It coc:; not c9nc!ur..t and ~as not C0!1d11cte<.l pro:;rams related to foreign co;.wcctiou.s with organir.ed. c.rirne in lhe United Slate!:>. If, in the course of normal co:.mtcr!r.tclJigen<:c operations abroad, t!tis type of information co!"::!e:; to the ~ttenlioa of the Age:-tcy, nor~al pror.:edurc provides for its t ranstni ttal to the Fcderc.l Bureau of Investigation. '• From August 1960 until June 1963, CIA attempted to r..arry out a s~sitiv~ opcrati~in Cuba through individuals who ~ither had co.nncct!o'ns v1ifh c r '~.: ere IT!embcrs of organir.ed c:;:ime. At the be~inr.ing of the operatio:l, th e syndicate still had ga1nbling operations in Ccb<'.. c.nd, c>.s a result, had cc~t;Jcts in that country. It was int.:!ndcd that thi.5 acc•!SS be used in tha p2rtlc~lar operation . The a.ttem:pt to c:c the Sj";tclicalc' s coul.J.ct!i in Cuba <-ndcd i~ e a rly J.961 but the key figure in the U!1ilcd States continued to be involved in a later attempt to wot·k tlu·ough ~ C uban refugee who had no other cor1t~cts with or~a:.ized crime. The desired access never ma.terializcd, and the operation WC.s terminated formally in 1963. • .• · '
  • .. . ~~ ~ . . l r ... ..... ; ~: ,. ( .. . C:.:2J.~.4 '· i:r .. !" -1. •. i • •' . .. . ' . .. .. : .. .. , I O:rviiN~ .t"'e~r9.l:t.e:H.~ F~l :?-:-;~;)=-' -~960 t t8'bl~~r.~e.a;~~.~;httig~ic:t"Q t.e~ .Be.lg~¥l C-D~o? ~t.:~~...s ; r -~ m: f ~ 5U Z>t ~ot-enti..a.U ':t ~vel.~ e-c g re~ ee ~!I cuwU !-1sk. b 1:t.i.Jn aM ~ ~~9 obll~etl f.o ~~~~t.e h:~J!A~ell fe.~.m his lsu.sines~ ~llA~ H~~greB~~I:"dl7bytJUs ~·.iJ::T ·r ::...'-1 Q.J':'i!:'Hka..thi.S' · · e~~Ul ~Ubea.+~ ~td·.fl:- coo. c~ p.-e.~m.&n.t.k, -~L: k~sa e~.r~~~ !. • . t· .. .: • . ~ h'lf et]t~rl-ud..oi'no.He-5.~ ~Cl.e ~~l~1"" )(10t-~ I . i'. ~tt.N.DQ~~ ~ • . • ~ . fl., Pt:ior~dcr~~f~ :the Coi"go{);JWIJQwa.s ~bli~e.4 t.ohoo:<Jet ~ :s~e.rxl .E:u:ropea..m~nt-ries j" ord.e~r to~ "S"O'"lf"lre · a,y~~ge.)rt:C.~ ~ 'Iba e ttir e ~) oa of hJ. .9 e ~ploy~ L.t- .6-alt th.e. tHg i ~rt, nl- ;.is .:tn:i SlSi 1o a ~ l:t:~il ltd~ r.e;-t:llrl1 l ~ f'ke (.o.~G covered. t}:..f ~51 ~Fda:'f.le·~~ ~. ~b~, ~~b?.. t2or ~$ ~§ri·oA h.4.h.u.9~ ~a Cc"-Apletd; tM; ~ri.ll:tl,s) ::=.~3 fr:{ ' · ih.e. . . ·~t~~~ ~rite:f ~h.o -BA~ N.i D' ~.lao .. ~. ~i .P-k- e.x-i-'>-l- h;u.·. ~u P'l7 ~ ocl Slti2...YJ ~ cO:JW lN.:. ~ ~ ~ ~t!L~ ep.e~1 f;c~Uej) w~kk~~ ~e~~l~~.rscd~y ~· ~~ tvfa.i~ w~~ #;rw.c:rJ.. yo~:etp~4 - ·.. ~ - • ' . : .. . . '· :· • - :.,. . } . -i m . : ~. .r --· ! . ~ ! ; . • ! . ' ' .. -"'-• • a _,... _____ _ w:: . ,.· 'J
  • IExe CIU.Ot •1 Til Cl A C.O.T ·I 13· • IIO~·CIA HO~·CIA TEST OATC I •· tu'LOYMCHT Danv1 lie Gazette, Indiana- Reporter & Printer Indiana Unlv, Bloomington·- P·ubl lclty '!riter (athletlcs)(PT) S a I t -em p I o y e d , ~I a y s v 1 I I a , Ke n t u c k y - At to r n e y - D t - Law Dept of Justice, FBI, DC/ NYC/Pittsburgh, Pa -Special Agent & Supervisor/ 1931-33 1931t-35 I 9 3 7 - 40 1940-47 1e . l'ltOf"tSSIOIUl tOUCATIO~ .1933-37 Indiana ,Unlv, B.toomlngton- LU3 (with Distinction) La ·,.,, psych, Phi los, Journalism . . . ·-.... 1?. 'OittiCH LAI< CU4C( erman - R;High; A81LITI(S l'rofll • ncy, D•t• t-.d •ntu•t~. 1t . .lCtHCY W,~,S,U,1nter; lntarpret- Oct 1961 T•• '..:-. S;:"O::;ItE;!O~TII;:-:Jo:-;"l';'/4;:1 H:;G----------:-------'----------~----=------ 1963Jtalfan cp t·i ay 1948 Dec 1948 1949 ~~a r Oct 19 49 Feb 1951 Dec 1951 Dec 19 52 Nov 1953 II II " II II tl Chief Stf E I 0 Ops Of I 0 Dec 1954 Area or.s Of , II .. 0136.01 0 I 36 .0 I Jan 1956 ~·!ay 1959 Chief of Oase 0 I 36 . 0 I S:ep 1959 return to Hq 0136.01 Oct 195 9 Ops Of II 0136,01 1962 Jun Jun 1963 Chief of Sta 0136.01 II II 0136.05 Jun 1965 II 0136.01 Feb 1967 Ops Of Ooc 1967 Retirement Cvolun t<1 ry 11 1. 22 Sco 0 ' ""' • • S7 'ROfiL( lt(VI(w(O 8Y VH 16 Fl I7 18 Dl Ql II II DDP/Ch, FI/D ODP/Ch,~ DDP /':1 EI ,, ,, DDP/EUR/Oev (>'S 1•" II(Y I (W(O 1 ••tYIOUI ~ ....... . r',> Hq -II Hq Co ~ p ) (Ill f ItO BY. C•:' LDYCt 1971 obs 1200 (PART I) P-7 P-7 P-7 SIS 16 16 16 16 F I :~o
  • f i) .... ·-. " (I J c.. r 6} The att3ched letter o~. ex!'lains the above ~laces him on his r,uard ace~ f circw:~Stancas . .~ 1· • ' Attachment t i. i ! SE~T I~
  • 01"FJCE 1-E.~ORANDW.~ To ~• . · .~ . ~: 0 .. i ,..· . . ' .. __ .. .·. : ~. Fnol! .. ~ H. B. Flet~er 11r. V. P. Ke8,y ~) s~....c -~ G I. ff. -8 .1::.... • • :,..c.,.-~,, .... J .· ' . The Directoe noted as follows: •1. i'ihAt is record of while w.i. th us? 2: the attadhed letter is un.satil!actory. I don j:b'J/ its evaiiveness • Please rewrite. R. " •~ b ,: 1 ~ . . .. ... . l ~• ~"t J ~ ~ i 1~jy (i. Attached will be found a brief, pre;'ared by the Chief Clerk• s b1c......office, reflecting fomer .eent~record with this Bureau. il4'~1lith respect to ttl! Directo~'s s~ation, the attached letter has (r;T been pre;:ared pursuant to h~s ins t ructiorus. ACTIOfl: f .Ul--' ~ b1 fe~ ~ ~ I! approved, - it is suggested t~ at the attadhed letter be !o"tarded to the _ 3ureau representative i~s J Attachment . . , -:::.. .. / _ ~--:) c; ; lb~: - -/- -- I ..;/ ";! , F B I 76 JUN ~ J9ft • ' ( - • - . ........-r, :J' ~ ~· ~ . r -··.
  • Deletions were made punuant to the exemptions lpdicated below with no searepble matediJ available for release to you. Sesaism ~~2a 0 (d)(5) Section SS2 00 (b)( 1) ~:!..~c.~ 0 (b){7)(A) 0 (b)(2) 0 (b)(7)(B) [i) (b)(3) C.• ~ [] (b)(7)(C) l• ~f- '5'V USC 4Y~ 0 ~ f/;f.. (j)(2) 0 (k)(l) 0 (b)(7)(D) 0 (k)(2) 0 (b)(7)(E) 0 (k)(3) 0 (b)(7)(F) 0 (k)(4) (b)(4) 0 (b)(8) 0 (k)(5) 0 (b)(5) 0 (b)(9) 0 (k)(6) 0 (k)(7) 0 0 0 (b)(6) Information pertained only to a third party with no reference to you or the subject of your request. · 0 Information pertained only to a third party. Your name is listed in the title only. 0 Documents originated with another Government agency(ies). These documents were referred to that agency(ies) for review and direct response to you. _ _ _ Pages contain information furnished by another Government agency(ies). You will be advised by the FBI as to the releasability of this information following our consultati6n with the other agency(ies). _ _ _ Page(s) withheld for the following reason(s): _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 0 For your information: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (OJ The following number is to be used for reference regarding these pages: lo:J- 1o150- 95-d-- cxxxxx :xxxxx xxxxx X DELETED PAGE(S) X X NO DUPLICATION FEE X X FOR THIS PAGE X FBI/DOJ
  • .. ~ APPROVED FOR RElEASE 1993 CIA HlSTGRJCAL REVIEW PROGRAM f-.1HiORJNDUH FOR THE RECORD SUDJECT: WIROGUE/1 Mission to Kinshasa, December 1960 On 13 March 1975 a search of available documents was made to determine the reason for th~ comment in paragraph 2 of a 17 December . l960 cable from Leopoldville indicating that WIROGUE/1 had attempted to recruit a European to be a member .of: "an ex·ecution squad." The research did not clarify this matter to any great extent, ~lthough some assumptions can be made on the basis of circumstantial evidence. WIRO~UE/1 was an ethnic Q , recruited and trained for the . old~ program. Although born in the Soviet Union, he moved to W when two years old. He fought in and as of 1960 was ·. essentially s peripherally Hi th he was sentenced to death by the t o 1 berated by t h e . . . _ . . in 1945 and returne By 1950 he had ma~rob a . _ bank of a sizea e sum of money, receive a . prison s~ntence and be released five ears later for good behavior. He Has brought to the United tatcs originally for usc as one of two agent~ for Project He spoke n'at"ive ~and fluent ~ and English. · · By 1960 the Agericy was involved in a rea sonably major effort to . resettle WIROGUE/1, possibly i n . _ for.the mis si on for Hhich he had be en br ought to the United· States ha d been ca~celed. WIROGUE/l's file iridicates thai as of . 30 August steps •Terc being t ake n to resettle him i n . _ · HO·tever , on ·· l9 September. 1960 th'O members .of .Africa Division met Hith him to discuss "an operational assignment in Africa Division." In . connection ·lith this assignr.~ent, WIROGBE/1 was to be· trained in demolition$; small arms and me dical i~:1m u nization. Plans to re se t ·tle him in. I£ ,., er·c canceled . He wns provided a neH pseudonym and immunization shots . In · October 1960 a cable to Lcopo ldville s t atcd . that E2 IMPDET CL BY 018307 · ~ (A -rr l5 g5r, ro· /Jd~.# lf1J'18)
  • WIROGUE/1 was being prepared for deep cover assig11ment to arrive Leopoldville late November. Headquarters noteJ f-L~ intent to use him as utility· agent: in order t:o"(a) organize and conduct a surveillance team; (b) intercept packages; (c) blow up bridges; and (d) execute other assignment:s rcqui. cing. positive action. <1His utilization is not to be restricted t:o Leopoldville. Indeed, he may be subject to call by other African stitions although it is expected for nir,1 to be resident in Leopoldville." In this cable 'IIROGUE/1 was described correctly as.an inventor, photographer, architect, forger and former bank robber. He was judged to be ingenuous, observant, shrewd, glib and one who relished intrigue and daring. He ~as .assessed as able to "learn quickly and carry out any assignment without regard to danger." As he ;as in the United States black, the plan was for him to depart black, documented as an · · & '. to surface in ~ and from there to proceed on · his own to Leop~In November 1960 "to prevent his identification Hith the U.S. Government or and to· preclude any unexpected recovery of his past which woufd associate him with his prelife" WIROG 1 underwent plastic surgery to change the • He was provided a toupee for constant wear and documented as an who had never been to the United States. Cover for his presence in Leopoldville was to be as , possibly that of a~. A rather leng assessment of his·character can be summed up by saying e Has able to rationalize an~ action if he had strong case officer direction. Training records for WIROGUE/1, subsequent to his engagement by the Africa Division, indicate trainincr only in SW. · · a WIROGUE/1 arri~ed in Leopoldville on 2 December 1960. His case officer gave him the folloll· ·instructions: (a) to build cover possibly by ~pening a and (b) to try to spot persons for a team, ntel assets, particularly in and para-military assets. Almost immediat ran into QJJ'.'INt.i who told the station that IROGUE/1 looked like an intelligence agent. In attemptin~ to rcctuit QJWIN~ for his "execution squad·"; WIROGUE/1 exceeded his instructions to avoid making approaches without checking with Leopoldvillc station. 2
  • ! ~ In January 1961 Leopoldville asked for authority to . ·permit I'JIROGUE/1 to take~ so that the station could be used for clandestine missions (the ~Has reg 1stcred in YQCLN-1/ 1' s name) . Station ackn0>1 edge'CI(I"i sadvantage of crossing WIROGUE/1 and YQCLful/1 operations (YQCLN-1/1 ·:as never involved in sassination schemes). Headquarters approved By ~larch 1961 WIROGUE/1 had obtained the osit to the~ ~. Hi th the almost immed~.~_1:.!:2:~d ~he purpose ga ng intelli on the ~ . _ , By April 1961 the '/ere attempting use ~ arms and instructors n B April 1961 WIROGUE/1 was teaching the ~. although he himself had learn only severa m~arlier and lias reading~ manuals at night to stay ahead of .his class. In~l WIROGUE/1 departed Leopoldville because he had run into difficulty obtaining a residence permit. He was terminated in September 1961. In a summary of his activity in August 1961, Leopoldville Station said WIROGUE/1 knew very little about station activities. It is the Hr{ter's opinion that WIROGUE/1 was recruited for his Congo·assignment because of his third country nationil background in order to establish a support mechanism Leopoldville. At the time the Congo was in chaos, had few asseti and there was some likelihood that 1tc ical situation would degenerate quickly. The Station possibly also wanted to have a latent para-military capabili t'f' and . · IHROGUE/1' s background and previous training for th~ - program made him a suitable candidate. This is, of c~ conjecture. · Perhaps pertinent is an October 1964 assessment of l'/IROGUE/1 Hho had been turned over to . . . . . for resettling · in~ Resettling him had turned out to be an enormous pro~he October 1964 cable 11otes that WIROGUE/1 had an intense desire for intelligence service .and enjoyed the role of lower echelon action agent. Although he threatened ·to go to work for the~. it was not believed that he•/-L..s'· -P.·-:;·~·'·"'.~ Hould be accept~assessment indicated there was 1 it tle flap potential with WI ROGUE/ 1 since he knew .1 i Ltle 3
  • ;= ... ~~ ~ . 2bout the Agency. In particular, in the Conp,o he ·:as aHare only of the COS's contact Hi th ·contact . "tiTROGUE/1 spent most of his tim e try ins~ to d" cvc l2Jl contacts and Has not directly involved in~ny .J?_ilrticular operation. ,. . .. ·. 4
  • ' TO : Mr. W. C. Sul.l.~~ 5/4/67 DAT E: - Trotte r _ __ Mr. Gale T olo. Roo., _ HoiOioo _ _ Candy _ __ D. J~Brennan, ~· FROM :1 JOHN ROSELLI ANTI-RACKETEERING .' 1.~ q/ The subject is a member of the Chicago "family of La Cosa Nostra, who has represent~ their interests in Las Vegas and on the west coast. ~e previously hav received information concerning past contacts between .. __ Jio§ <!_!.!'- (~ n~) ~~.Qte ~t!!l !~~-iY_t!~--~~- -~~!~.a.~ _ }_C!~-~.! t~ge ~c~-___ Agency CIA • This was an assoc~ation whicn developea - · in connection w th C A's bortive te J F -- ·A~l.t ~~~ ~ ~ ' / ~ . ~,.., ~ ~ ~~ - ~!~~~ ~ 't!"'J ' "~ ~~ ~ u~ If Q , _... 1- ~ 6~ ~ ~ ".,' ~ ~.._ -~~ For your information, Harvey, former BureauiAgent, ~~ :z: ·-=---· ~ is curreotly on Sick Leave. At the termination ~f this r....•...J C:; :.".:·: a::a leave, he goes into retirement. He, therefore, is essentially c.,::) • . .. ' .... • I separated from Agency employment. He did have contacts with Roselli dur·i.og some of the( period that the Agency was ..... r....:. ,.,.. involved with the subject. ~l cr.-;·· ~ ~ s.~ As previously pointed out, CIA is in an I ex~e~;y vulnerable position. Roselli and associates~) ~ r:.-i ~ ~~-,, ( I XEROX llfC· 8 INTJED-OVER ~ ::.--:: == ::_, (, :z:~ .I 9 ,' }} (:_'l!l? tom: ; . u.·~ _ , Q..: t - _,j < .r.. L.J-1 -=C ~ c:::l llQ - ''>- ~ '> t. J •.• , , , -+-=+--~~"~ lo!C---- --_._ __ - !11 MAY 8 1967 57 MAY 1 ·.-.~ . ' PE~ ~ .::-· .... -:-.·...._~ .......... ~ -~·-. ..... . - - -~.
  • ..... n. ;,. TO Brennan, Jrj>(('l/ . FROM SUBJE~: JOHN ossELLI A.NTIRACK.ETEERI NG C ol• - - - DATE: 2/13/68 Rou n - - Sul h • a n - - To•W'l--Trotlor-T• I• . RoomHoimu - c) n~ ~ ··rf? Candy ---+-: ·- - ~/ 1filli4iii'· Birvey, Central ~ntelligence Agency (CIA), furnished the following to the Liaison Agent on 2/8/68 :(~~ # .blC. ~.'-;.>; · The subject has sent Harvey additional copies of court papers which have been filed by Rosselli's lawyer. These include "motions for discovery" and motion to quash on the basis of "constitutional question." Rosselli ••relJ transmitted the aaterial and did not levy any requests on : ~ who assumes that Rosselli, at this point, is only intereated~n keeping Harvey informed •(A.' Harvey stated that he did not have any additional information. Be advised that he has now officially established his law office in the Investment Building, l511 K Street, N.W., phone RB 7-3838. He is the only one who occupies the ted with ot ~·~ ~~ ACTION: The above information is being directed to the attention of the CriJilinal Intelligence and Organized Crime Section of the .Special Investigative Division. ' - __,-, _ ~· 1 1 968 : =-=- .. ~~·o£-.. · r :-~---. ·----.... ~~-.
  • . .. S ~)(·'·T 1'-.J ~ P) SAC, A!. .EYJ..ND~IA (ATIN: SA 9/13/76 .. ,. SA UOSKIL OOJ ( 00: l1IAHI) Rcfcrer'!ce is ma~~ to Bureau teletype to Ala=cEJ.Cdria and Hi.runi, 8/30/76. ·; {;. ~..'; :: :;.~,~ I~ =egard to the Bureau's request of Alexandria in referei.1C'1.:l tc;let:li?e eonce:-ninc JOhl1 ROSELLI's involve~ent in a Ce~tral Intelligence A;;~ncy (CIA) plot to .s3Sa::)sinate C-...:.0~!1 Prc:!lier FIIiEL CAS1'RO, as it relates to c.s~~ticned t:litter, a rcvie~v of the files of the CIA at 1 -.LcLean, Virglnia, reveals tt~ follo~·1ing pertinent inforc.ation:(~, A. The last knO·m address or wereabouts of the fo,_ fo~ar CIA offic~ls iuvolved in the ROSE.l.l.I case es tr . ..... "~ted i':"' r""o.··~e 1 • " _..., .-'... ...... 1. .-..... , . : ._..., '-' .. . .;.~ I ~ , ...- I I • .. I - __/ - • I ., . • ( 3) Ho~pital, tnLLIR·t ; - . ~., . f J I • ./ -~ Ir.~~~epoJ1s, a he!irt actack. .., ... 4 .' B. The ~s with identifying data of known contacts of ROSELLI: (~ ia(with attachment) Cnbcin ' · i? Z. ,w "~ ~ B a;>~ t'Wt£: "~~lr"'"-0 (frtt.. ~~ "Jfi, lTt. . ~; rl1 .I 'Ut.~~ llY'f~,_ b~
  • •. . • 1-~ .... '.· ' ~. AX. 72-12 ( 3) In .:;.dditic:1 to the ROSElli C<:'-:1t.oct t:{th - - iliJ..LIAH HARVEY hns reported that ROS!lulu a man, in ?fiam kr.o to HARVEY a" '1!CEO " ~1ho also used tl:e n.:Jr:!e t; -o:m "".J • HAi:Vw was spoke to ~de.,~ify lACED, who was descrLcd 8.S e Cuban who unable ItalLQn.(~ ~esu:nably V1 >''- C. The ~mes of any persons knoW!)- to have ;orked with ROSELLI and their pre t ~:hereabouts: ( (.(..J ( 1) R031:. (as of Novc,rnber, 1975 (2) - last knCim ~,•hereabouts Vegas, Nevacla.(u.., ~~!E.~~~~C~AN!i'h.A - DeceasedfLl, U. ~' -1- 2 I
  • ·. AX 72-12 ~OP.GAR ( 5) EDWARD - the a_ttqrpey for ROSELLI and MAHEU. MORGAN ~as not aware of the operdtions et the time they were go~.ng on but las later briefed by HAHEU and probably by ROSELLI. Last known to be practicing law in Washington, D. C. -{"-t ! i r D. The namep of the CIA officials who 6Uthorized the ROSELLI operation:{~ i , The authorization was given by 'ATi:.r...~ DUllES, :.the Director of CIA at the ti~, who was briefed and gave . ; approval for the O!~!t'otion lA. i · · :· . . E. person~el ~ho operation: I . The names and present location of any CIA had personal kn~~ledge concerning the ROSELLI ~ ___ /L (1) ALL~LLES- (2) , 11/ ~ . ~· RICHARD deceased .~v.. PJ ans • resion_pd U. . Director of Central Intel11ge~ce­ I . 'j,!D c.~ p2r J ~ (3) CHARLES ~ADELL - Deputy Intelligence - dec~ased. (~ · R;C~ (4) - Deput1 Director/Plans, currently U. s. Am as9eclor to Iran. {"'-' (5) deceased.(~ SHI:FFIEL~JD5 D!.. Di~ector of c~ntra~ ' DC!:- -- - Director of Security - F. There 19 no informntion available in CIA's files revealing eny threats of ceath or violence to ~it~er ~OSZJ~I pr any of the oth~r individuals involved in this r.a.t ter. ~A.,
  • JJ{ 72-12 above data there is attached memorandum dated August 9, " furnished on - bP r;:Y£>~ .. -·--- --- - - - - ---- .> . .. . .. .... SE .