May 20, 2013The Right to Be Who I Am:Threats to womens andlesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender(LGBT) rights.
SPEAKER’S INCLUDERana Abdelhamid, AIUSA National Youth Action CommitteeCristina Finch, Managing Director, AIUSAs Womens Human RightsProgramAlisa Roadcup, member of AIUSA Womens Human Rights CogroupEmily McGranachan, member of the AIUSA LGBT CogroupAnna Aagenes, Executive Director of GO! Athletes
AGENDA1. Overview of Women’s and LGBT Human Rights2. Womens rights at risk3. LGBT rights at risk4. Youth activism5. Take action! Pride Kit and Congressional action6. Questions and interactive discussion
HUMAN RIGHTS ARE MY PRIDEThe Amnesty Movement at PRIDE
THE HUMAN RIGHTS FRAMEWORKEvery human being has the right to equality and personal security--UDHR Articles 1, 2 & 3 This means that everyone, including women andlesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people have the rightto live free of violence and discrimination Human rights have long been understood to apply universally—to allpeople, at all times, in all places. Yet discrimination due to factorssuch as race, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity– or acombination of factors – persists in every country in the world.
DISCRIMINATION BASED ON SEXUALORIENTATION, GENDER IDENTITY AND GENDER All people should be able to enjoy all of their human rights but millions ofpeople across the globe face human rights abuses such asexecution, imprisonment, torture, violence, and discrimination becauseof their sexual orientation, gender identity or because of gender norms. For example, violence against women is one of the most pervasivehuman rights abuses in the world.
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMENWORLDWIDE 1 in 3 women worldwide will be physically, sexually or otherwiseabused during her lifetime Rates reach 70 percent in some countries One of the world’s most pervasive human rights abuses Rooted in a global culture of discrimination that denies womenequal rights with men
INTERSECTS OF DISCRIMINATION Multiple dimensions of who a person is compound their vulnerabilityto human rights violations and their ability to access redress forthose violations•Discrimination may be based on a combination of gender and;•Sexual orientation;•Gender identity; and•Race, religion, national origin, disability, etc….
INTERSECTS OF DISCRIMINATION: GENDER Women and LGBT people are particularly at risk when they failto conform to gender norms, especially those related to sexuality
INTERSECTS OF DISCRIMINATIONAbuses of lesbian women include: Women raped to ―cure‖ their lesbianism, sometimes at the behestof their parents; Attacked, sometimes killed, on the street – a victim of a ―hatecrime;‖ Raped and otherwise tortured in detention
AMNESTY’S WOMEN’S HUMAN RIGHTSCOORDINATION GROUP Who we are What we do
AIUSA WHRCG WORK FOCUSESON:5 Basic Categories Violence Against Women Womens Health and Sexual and Reproductive Rights Gender-Based Discrimination Women’s Human Rights defenders Women, Peace, and Security
NATIVE AMERICAN AND ALASKA NATIVE WOMEN Amnesty International report: Maze ofInjustice: The Failure to Protect NativeAmerican and Alaska native women fromSexual Violence in the US At least one in three Native women will beraped in her lifetime. 86% of perpetrators are non-Native men Tribal courts lack jurisdiction to prosecutenon-Native perpetrators
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL RECOMMENDATION:US RATIFICATION OF CEDAWCEDAW, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms ofDiscrimination Against Women, is a landmark international agreementthat affirms principles of fundamental human rights and equality forwomen around the world Offers countries a practical blueprint to achieve progress for womenand girls by calling on each ratifying country to overcome barriers ofdiscrimination in a range of areas, such as:- Violence against women and girls - Marriage and family relations - Maternal healthcare services - Economic participation
We are asking the U.SGovernment to adopt an ActionPlan for Afghan Women• - Developed in collaboration withAfghan women on the ground- Contains steps such as:- U.S. commitment tomaintaining AfghanConstitution’sguarantee of equality- Full implementation ofEVAW law Afghan Women and Girls SecurityPromotion Act- More police women!AFGHAN WOMEN
MONICA ROA (WOMEN’S LINK WORLDWIDE) Colombian activist and attorney Helped to legalize abortion inexceptional circumstances(rape, incest, life of mother) AIUSA featured her as one of the2012 Write for Rights cases andcontinues to shine a light on herwork
GINETTA SAGAN AWARD• The Ginetta Sagan Award is given to women human rightsdefenders who work to protect the human rights of women andgirlsYolanda Becerra Vega(Colombia, 2009)Rebecca Masika Katsuva(Democratic Republicof Congo, 2010)Betty Makoni(Zimbabwe, 2008)Lydia Cacho Ribeiro(Mexico, 2007)
JENNI WILLIAMS (ZIMBABWE, 2012) Founder of the social justice movement Women of Zimbabwe Arise(WOZA), which encourages women and men to speak out about issuessuch as domestic violence and rape In the last decade, over 3,000 WOZA supporters have been in policecustody Jenni Williams has been beaten, imprisoned without food or medicalsupplies, and threatened with execution“The power of love can conquer the love of power”
LGBT RIGHTS UNDER THREAT Homosexuality is criminalized in about 76 countries. Only 15 states and DC have laws that prohibit discriminationbased on sexual orientation and gender identityMap: ACLU
DEFINITIONS LGBT -Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender LGBTI- Common in Europe. “I” stands for Intersex- a generalterm used for a variety of conditions in which a person is bornwith a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn’t seem to fitthe typical definitions of female or male” (Intersex Society ofNorth America) Sex- Biological. Often male or female Gender- The social attributes and opportunities associated withbeing male and female and the relationships between womenand men.
DEFINITIONS Gender Identity- A persons innate, deeply felt psychological identification asmale or female, which may or may not correspond to the persons body ordesignated sex at birth. Everyone has a gender identity Cisgender- When a person’s biology and identity correspond- i.e. biologicallyfemale and female-identified Transgender- When a person’s biological sex does not match their genderidentity- i.e. born biologically female but identifies as a man Sexual Orientation- Who you are attracted to physically and/or emotionally Gender Expression- How you choose to express your gender identity andrepresent yourself
CASE STUDY – ANTI-LGBT VIOLENCE IN UGANDAAND MALAWI In 2011, a Ugandan tabloid bore the front page headline ―100Pictures of Uganda’s Top Homos Leak‖ with a caption reading ―HangThem.‖ Malawi couple sentenced to 14 years of hard labor for holdingcommitment ceremony. Charged with ―gross indecency‖ and―unnatural acts.‖ Pardoned by President after international pressure
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL RECOMMENDATION:LGBT EQUALITYTo fulfill the human rights of LGBT people Amnesty Internationalrecommends: Decriminalization of homosexuality; Nondiscrimination laws inclusive of sexual orientation, gender andgender identity, and; Accountability for violations of rights.
GO! ATHLETES =GENERATION OUT ATHLETESPhoto credits: Mark Orpen Logo by Steve Oatmeyer
WHY WE DO WHAT WE DOLGBQ student-athletes … Have more negative campus climate thanheterosexual teammates. Are three times more likely to experience harassmentin campus housing. Don’t believe athletics staff address their concerns. Negative culture impacts academics
WHY WE DO WHAT WE DO―1 in 4 LGBQ student-athletes are pressuredto be silent about their sexual identity amongteammates, coaches, and other athletes.‖
TAKE ACTION: PRIDE TOOLKIT Features ready-to-copy, slice and use materials.It includes tips, general materials, and twofeatured actions: Support the Student Non-Discrimination Act toend bullying of LGBT students
TAKE ACTION! Call for justice for Noxolo Nogwaza!
TAKE ACTION!Student Non-Discrimination Act (SNDA) 80% of LGBT middle and high school students experience harassmentwhile in school for their gender identity or sexual orientation. 3/5 of the same students felt unsafe at school. SNDA expands upon existing federal legislation that protects students onthe basis of other aspects such as sex, religion, race, and ability.
PRIDE TOOLKIT FOR ACTIVISTS Download Amnesty International USA’s Pride Toolkit forActivists at: www.amnestyusa.org/pride2013
TAKE ACTION ON IVAWA Legislation will be introduced this summer in Congress Makes ending violence against women and girls a U.S. diplomaticpriority Integrates throughout: health, legal, economic, social, andhumanitarian assistance and programs
For more information and to take action visit:www.amnestyusa.org/womensrights