Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Race Class Gender Faith Nonprofit Funding
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Race Class Gender Faith Nonprofit Funding

653
views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
653
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Transcript

    • 1. Andrew Sears Executive Director TechMission Race, Class, Gender & Faith Bias in Nonprofit Funding
    • 2. Why TechMission Is Addressing This Issue?
      • TechMission primarily supports Black and Latino-led nonprofits that are close to the community
      • We have seen how these nonprofits are experiencing systemic issues with bias in funding of nonprofits
      • In a down economy, we are observing an increasing bias towards big (i.e. White) organizations
      • Many of our partner sites are struggling to stay functional
    • 3. Why TechMission Can Speak to This Issue?
      • TechMission’s organizational culture reflects lower class culture
        • Nearly all of board and senior staff are Black, Latino and/or come from low-income background
        • ED is White from lower class background
        • TechMission Corps AmeriCorps members are 62% Black and Latino with 50% from low-income backgrounds
      • TechMission has one of the widest spans of connection with grass roots organizations (over 4,000 registered nonprofits)
        • UrbanMinistry.org being the Black/Latino counterpart to Idealist.org and VolunteerMatch.org
      • Leadership has extensive experience on writing about and living out reconciliation across race, class and gender
    • 4. Nonprofit Leadership Does Not Reflect Racial Community it Serves Source: http://www.aecf.org/upload/publicationfiles/executive_transition_survey_report2004.pdf
    • 5. Nonprofit Statistics and Race
      • 1.4 million registered nonprofits in USA
        • 1,169,000 White-led nonprofits
        • 138,600 Black-led nonprofits
        • 50,400 Latino-led nonprofits
        • 12,600 nonprofits led by other races
      Source: Number of nonprofits from Independent Sector, Racial breakdown extrapolated based on survey results at: http://www.aecf.org/upload/publicationfiles/executive_transition_survey_report2004.pdf
    • 6. Funding Bias: Non-Whites Make up 52.4% of Poverty but Non-White Led Nonprofits only Receive 3% of Funding http://www.slideshare.net/rosettathurman/race-matters-in-nonprofits-promoting-diversity-in-our-profession and http://www.aecf.org/upload/publicationfiles/executive_transition_survey_report2004.pdf
    • 7. Most Nonprofits: Have a Different Class Culture than Clients Leadership Clients Leadership Leadership Leadership White Black Latino Asian Upper Middle Lower
    • 8. TechMission’s Focus & Other Lower Class Culture Nonprofits Leadership and clients White Black Latino Asian Upper Middle Lower
    • 9. Nonprofit Leadership Does Not Reflect Class Community it Serves Data show subjective estimates from the author based on educational levels and class assimilation rates of nonprofit leadership. 94% of leadership have at least bachelor’s degree with an estimated class assimilation rate of 90-95% based on living location & culture
    • 10. Funding and Gender From: http://www.aecf.org/upload/publicationfiles/executive_transition_survey_report2004.pdf
    • 11. How to Perform on the SAT Test
      • Be White or Asian
        • 150-200 point increase
      • Be Rich
        • 30 points per $10,000 of family income
      • Conclusion: To Improve SAT Scores…
        • Be careful how you pick your parents
      Source: http://www.maec.org/natstats.html & http://www.educationanddemocracy.org/testing_facts.pdf
    • 12. How to Get Funding from Foundations
      • Be White
        • 97% of foundation funding goes toward White-led nonprofits
      • Be Culturally Middle Class
        • Estimated 95% of leadership of nonprofits is culturally middle class
      • Be Male
        • While 58% of nonprofit executives are women, the median nonprofit income led by a man has twice the income of a nonprofit led by a woman
      Sources: http://www.aecf.org/upload/publicationfiles/executive_transition_survey_report2004.pdf & http://greenlining.org/publications/pdf/339 The class statistic is explained on a previous slide
    • 13. How Do We Change This?
    • 14. Why Does Only 3% of Foundation Funding Go to Nonprofits Led by People of Color?
    • 15. Policies: Avoid Racial Discrimination Resulting from Religious Restrictions
      • Policies that restrict funding faith-based organizations creates an unintentional bias toward White-led organization
      • How it works
        • About 2/3 of Black-led nonprofits are in churches or other faith-based organizations
        • About 2/3 of White-led nonprofits are secular
        • Not funding faith-based organizations makes White-led nonprofits twice as likely to get funded
      Statistics are explained in the attached spreadsheet at: www.urbanministry.org/fundingbias
    • 16. Common Class Value Tensions in Organizations
      • Non-Dominant Class Value
      • Low Cost
      • Low Cost
      • Relational
      • Relational
      • Spontaneous
      • Subjective
      • Intense
      • Hierarchical
      • Trauma is Common
      • Many small organizations
      • Many Volunteers/Time’s Cheap
      • Any Lower Class Culture/Values
      • Dominant Class Value
      • High Quality
      • Speed
      • Structured/Orderly
      • Efficient
      • Detached/Objective
      • Objective
      • Reserved
      • Egalitarian Appearance
      • Trauma is Avoided
      • Big organizations
      • Staff time is expensive
      • Any Middle/Upper Class Culture/ Values
    • 17. Dominant Culture Outcomes vs. Non-dominant Outcomes
      • Dominant Culture
      • (middle & upper class)
      • Value Big Organizations
      • Almost no weight given to leadership being close to the community
      • Analytical & Quantitative
        • Nonprofit “SAT Scores”
      • Purely Objective Criteria
      • Secular Focused
      • Non-Dominant Culture
      • (lower class)
      • Cost effectiveness
      • Is leadership close to the community?
        • Race of leadership (staff/board)
        • Class background of leadership
        • Neighborhood they live in
      • Holistic
        • Has a Life been Changed
      • Subjective
      • Faith-Based & Secular
    • 18. Policies to Address Systemic Bias in Funding: Diversity Profiles
      • Foundations and government should require all funding recipients to complete diversity reporting form as part of applications
      • All funders should publicly list their own diversity reporting form with the cumulative results of who they funded
      • Diversity reports should carry similar weight as financial and other outcome reports and should be listed in foundation’s annual report
        • Diversity profiles & reports become an approximate measure for many of the subjective elements that are hard to measure in other outcomes
    • 19. Policies: “Minority Owned Business” Consideration for Nonprofits
      • If the Government gives preference to minority owned businesses in contracts, shouldn’t that be a consideration with nonprofits?
      • Nonprofits that closely reflect the demographics of the communities they are serving should be given preference (affirmative action in nonprofit funding)
    • 20. Policies: Change Funding Criteria to Reflect Community Values
      • Example from TechMission’s Grant Applications
        • 20% of Grant Application Weight: Is leadership close to the community as reflected in their diversity profile and strategy?
          • Use diversity profile form and grant questions
        • 20% of Grant Application Weight: Is organization serving the highest risk community?
          • Require detailed criteria to distinguish at-risk vs. high risk, etc.
        • 10% of Grant Application Weight: How closely is organization partnered with major indigenously led initiatives
    • 21. Policies: Macroeconomic vs. Microeconomic Social Entrepreneurship
      • Social entrepreneurship and traditional nonprofit outcome measures take a microeconomic perspective focused on individual organizations
      • Need new measures of effectiveness that provide a macro perspective
        • Need macro-tools just as social entrepreneurship brought microeconomic business tools to nonprofits
    • 22. Examples of Macro Questions
      • Perform a study on people who made it out of poverty asking “What organizations and programs were most helpful”?
        • Hypothesis: You might find that Black, Latino and lower class culture organizations and especially faith-based organizations provide 75% of life change while receiving 3% of foundation funding.
      • How should we allocate funding to meet the need for after school programs when demand is more than twice supply?
        • Hypothesis: 75% of funding goes to middle-class organizations that have a high cost per student and only serve 25% of the population, while lower-class culture serve 75% of the remaining population at a third of the cost.
    • 23. Policies: Adopt Strategies to Support Smaller Organizations
      • Promote strategies to support small nonprofits
        • View explosion in number of nonprofits as comparable to the increase in small businesses
        • Funders should adopt strategies similar to those promoting small businesses
      • TechMission Strategy
        • Online Volunteer Matching: ChristianVolunteering.org
        • AmeriCorps members to small organizations: TechMission Corps
        • Free Grants, Jobs & Training Directories: UrbanMinistry.org
    • 24. TechMission’s Dilemma
      • Same dilemma faced by most Black and Latino faith-based organizations
        • Secular funders often have a bias against lower-class culture and faith-based organizations
        • Christian resources are disproportionately distributed to White middle & upper class Christians
    • 25. Funding Bias in Church Financial Resources $390 Billion Global Budgets of Christian Organizations Sources: Empty Tomb International Bulletin of Missionary Research Missions Ministry to the Poor Down from 21% in 1965
    • 26. Resource Bias in Church Volunteers Source: Corporation for National and Community Service & Department of Labor Value of Faith-Based Volunteers In USA = $51.8 billion
    • 27. Bias in Christian Funding Models
      • Traditional Way to Build Large Christian Organizations
        • Individual-centered missionary-style fundraising with thousands of individuals each raising funds for themselves
        • Provides scalability and maximizes use of personal relationships
      • Problem:
        • Individual-centered missionary-style fundraising creates a strong class and racial bias
        • Leads to staffing that is very dominated by White middle class
    • 28. Diversity Profile at TechMission
    • 29. What TechMission Can Uniquely Do to Address This?
      • Build a highly scalable organization
      • That has values and staff that reflect the low-income communities that we serve
      • Provide resources to those communities
      • Why?
        • Capacity: Scalable resources from National Service Movement and Technology
        • Values: Foundation in Black, Latino and Low Income Churches
    • 30. Appendix
    • 31. Understanding Class as Culture: Opposing/Contrasting Class Values
      • Non-Dominant Class Value
      • Relating to Others
      • Spontaneous
      • Relational
      • Intense
      • Community/Family Reliance
      • Friendliness
      • Cooperation
      • Relating to the World
      • Respect for Authority/Hierarchy
      • Patience
      • Trauma is common
      • Work is a Means
      • Sharing
      • Contentment
      • Negative Addictions
      • Dominant Class Value
      • Relating to Others
      • Structured order & planning
      • Objectively Detached
      • Reserved
      • Self Reliance/Independence
      • Privacy
      • Competition
      • Relating to the World
      • Egalitarian
      • Efficiency
      • Trauma is avoided
      • Work is an End/Identity
      • Strong Property Rights
      • Active Problem Solving
      • “ Positive” Addictions
    • 32. Understanding Class as Culture: Opposing/Contrasting Class Values
      • Non-Dominant Class Value
      • Thinking/Perception
      • Subjective
      • Qualitative
      • Holistic
      • Practical
      • Community
      • Communication
      • Honesty and Directness
      • Oral Tradition and Storytelling
      • Simplified/Slang Vocabulary
      • Dominant Class Value
      • Thinking/Perception
      • Objective
      • Quantitative
      • Analytical/Compartmentalized
      • Theoretical
      • Individual
      • Communication
      • Politeness and Tact
      • Written Tradition
      • Larger/Standardized Vocabulary
      Source: http://www.urbanministry.org/reconciliation-across-social-class http://www.techmission.org/presentations/social_class_for_ccda_v2.ppt
    • 33. Diversity in Foundations
      • 86% of board members are White
      • 94% of foundation presidents are White
      • Virtually all funds come from the middle and upper class
      • Result: values of foundations will reflect White upper class values
      http://www.slideshare.net/rosettathurman/race-matters-in-nonprofits-promoting-diversity-in-our-profession

    ×