NNFCC market review bio based products issue seven october 2012


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The review covers market activity in biobased chemicals and polymers during September 2012

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NNFCC market review bio based products issue seven october 2012

  1. 1. NNFCC Market Review Bio-based Products Issue Seven, October 2012E ach month we review the latest or potentially renewable energy if used in announcements and news from an anaerobic digester. Alternatively it may be more appropriate with some waste across the global bio-based streams to recover energy using either anchemicals and materials sector for our incinerator or gasifier.business members. The petrochemical industry is also looking toForeword waste as a feedstock for a new generation of bio-based chemicals. Just last month,Welcome to the October 2012 issue of our Renmatix, a manufacturer of cellulosicbio-based products market review. Waste sugars for bio-based chemical and fuelis becoming a major issue but also a major markets, unveiled their state-of-the-art R&Dresource. This month has seen the debate facility which will look at new sustainableon end-of-life options for plastics intensify, feedstock sources, including waste. Theywith European Environment Commissioner are just one of a number of companies whoJanez Potočnik calling for a scale back of see waste as the future.energy recovery from plastics while othersincluding Nestlé and environmentalist Read on for all the latest sector news.Jonathon Porritt believe energy from wastecould offer significant opportunities for Highlightswaste reduction. Page 2 End-of-life NewsRecycling is clearly an important tool forplastic waste, where there is an end market Page 2 Platform Chemicals Newsfor the recyclates and it is economical to Page 4 Bioplastics Newsdo so. However, for difficult to recyclewaste streams – like composites – it could Page 5 Bio-based Materials Newsbe time for a re-think. Page 6 Scientific ReviewsCompostable plastics, for example, canallow brands to build supply chains where Page 7 Price Informationpackaging can be converted into compost Page 8 Events NNFCC Market Review, October 2012, Page 1 of 8
  2. 2. End-of-life in landfill with no statistically significant quantity of methane released. This conclusion was reached after a series of tests to ASTM D5526 and D5511 standards that simulated a century‟s worth of landfill conditions. "We work with a cradle-to-cradle approach to zero waste. What this means in terms of landfill diversion, for example, is ideally that Ingeo foodservice ware would be composted in order to enable the landfill diversion of a food-residual stream, and that Ingeo resins and fibres would be mechanically or Source: Nestlé chemically recycled and not landfilled,” said Marc Verbruggen, President of NatureWorks.Nestlé Interview: The future ofsustainable packaging “However, these systems are still emerging and developing. The reality today is that aAround 90 per cent of Nestlé packaging can percentage of Ingeo products end up inbe recycled, but it is often not viable to do so landfills. And now we can say with certaintyand these materials end up in landfill. In a that the environmental impact of thatrecent interview with NNFCC, David Wiggins, landfilling, in terms of greenhouse gas release,Head of Packaging at Nestlé UK, called for is not significant," he added.more to be done to explore the options forgenerating energy from packaging waste. Click here for more information.Wiggins says: “The infrastructure for recyclingsingle-material packaging is well-establishedbut composite packaging – like laminates Platform Chemicalsused for confectionery or pet food – is aparticularly difficult to recycle waste stream.” Renmatix unveil state-of-the-art R&D“Where it is not economical to recycle facilitypackaging waste we should consider energyrecovery, like combined heat and power Renmatix, a manufacturer of cellulosic sugarsplants. When supported with a scientific life for biobased chemical and fuel markets,cycle assessment, strategically placed CHP have opened a new research andplants can offer an opportunity to recover the development centre in Pennsylvania. Thecalories stored in packaging materials,” he multi-million dollar R&D facility serves toadded. accelerate Renmatix‟s exploration of new sustainable feedstock sources, assistClick here to read the full interview. downstream customers in their transition to cellulosic sugars, and further enhance theStudy finds Ingeo biopolymer stable in economics of the Plantrose™ process to produce the lowest cost sugar intermediateslandfills for renewable materials.A peer-reviewed article appearing in the Click here for more information.journal of Polymer Degradation and Stabilityconcludes that Ingeo™ biopolymer is stable NNFCC Market Review, October 2012, Page 2 of 8
  3. 3. making there in May, according to a statement released after the close of regular trading yesterday. Gevo is working on “certain specific parts of our technology” to boost isobutanol production rates, according to the statement. The Englewood, Colorado-based company estimated that the facility won‟t reach “our Source: Solazyme desired year-end run rate” until next year. Click here for more information.Solazyme announce commissioningof algae oil biorefinery in Illinois Butamax signs up eight ethanol plantsSolazyme have announced the successful for butanol retrofitcommissioning of its first fully integratedbiorefinery in Peoria, Illinois, with a capacity to Eight ethanol plants with a combined annualproduce two million litres of algal oil annually. capacity of 900 million gallons have signed up with advanced biofuels companyThe biorefinery was partially funded with a Butamax to be retrofitted for butanolgrant from the US Department of Energy in production. Butamax is a joint ventureDecember 2009 to demonstrate the between oil giants BP and chemical giantsintegrated commercial-scale production of DuPont. Butamax say they can undertake therenewable algal-based fuels. The company retrofitting at a cost of about $1 per gallon ofbegan running fermentation operations at a plants initial output capacity.the Peoria facility in the fourth quarter of 2011and has gradually scaled-up production Click here for more information.efforts, which have included multiple 128,000-litre scale fermentations. Kiverdi receives US gov’t funding for its carbon conversion platformClick here for more information. Kiverdi, a sustainable chemicals company,Gevo to switch back to ethanol has been awarded a $0.75m grant from theproduction from biobutanol California Energy Commissions Research, Demonstration and Development program toShares in US biofuel producer Gevo, which is further develop beneficial uses of CO2.backed by French oil company Total andspecialty-chemicals maker Lanxess, fell to a Kiverdis proprietary Carbon Engineeringrecord low after announcing plans to stop Platform transforms carbon from industrial flueproducing isobutanol at its facility in Luverne, gases into high-value oils and chemicals,Minnesota. including palm oil and palm kernel oil replacements, say the company. Kiverdi alsoGevo declined 35 per cent to $2.14 at the announced that the company was selectedclose in New York, the lowest price and the by a competitive peer-review process tobiggest loss since its February 2011 initial become an industrial user at the Molecularpublic offering. The company is shifting to Foundry, where Kiverdi has access to world-ethanol production at the plant while it class, state-of-the-art facilities and services.adjusts its manufacturing process forisobutanol, a more complex fuel it began Click here for more information. NNFCC Market Review, October 2012, Page 3 of 8
  4. 4. BioBased Technologies expand Agrol Dr Carol Lin, who led the research team,family of polyols described the food biorefinery process, which involves blending the baked goods with a mixture of fungi that excrete enzymes toBioBased Technologies® has expanded its break down carbohydrates in the food intofamily of Agrol® polyols to include a variety of simple sugars. The blend then goes into anew feedstocks and a polyol specifically for fermenter, a vat where bacteria convert theflexible slabstock formulations. sugars into succinic acid.The company will introduce the new Click here for more information.products, Agrol Prime™, Agrol Star™, AgrolPlatinum® and Agrol™ AO+, during theCentre for the Polyurethanes Industry‟sPolyurethanes International TechnicalConference in Atlanta Sept. 24-26. The new Bioplasticsproducts are made from a range of rawmaterials including soyabeans, castor oil andcashew nut shells.Click here for more information. Source: Coca-Cola Coca-Cola accelerates global production of PlantBottle™ packaging Coca-Cola has announced a partnership with JBF Industries to further expand Source: Dr Carol Lin production of the plant-based material used in the companys PlantBottle™ packaging.From Starbucks croissants to succinic Coca-Cola have sold more than 10 billionacid: Baked goods could become PlantBottle™ packages to date but this newbioplastics supply partnership will help Coca-Cola deliver its target of using PlantBottle™ packagingScientists have developed and tested a new technology in all of its plastic bottles by 2020,“biorefinery” intended to change food waste said the company. To support this partnership,into a key ingredient for making plastics, JBF Industries will build the worlds largestlaundry detergents and scores of other facility to produce bio-glycol; the keyeveryday products. Their report on a project ingredient used to make the PlantBottle™.launched in cooperation with the Starbucksrestaurant chain ― concerned with The facility, to be located in Sao Paulo, Brazil,sustainability and seeking a use for spent will produce glycol using local sustainably-coffee grounds and stale bakery goods ― sourced sugarcane and sugarcanewas presented at the National Meeting & processing waste. Construction of the facilityExposition of the American Chemical Society. is expected to begin at the end of 2012 and NNFCC Market Review, October 2012, Page 4 of 8
  5. 5. last for 24 months. At full capacity, the facility their work at the Society for Generalwill produce an estimated 500,000 metric tons Microbiology‟s Autumn Conference.of material each year. Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) polyesters areClick here for more information. synthesised by a wide variety of bacteria as a source of energy when their carbon supply isBioplastics manufacturer Cereplast plentiful. Poly 3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is theopens new office in India most common polymer in the PHA family. Currently, growing bacteria in largeCereplast Inc. has opened a corporate office fermenters to produce high quantities of thisin India to better serve current and future PHB is expensive because glucose is used as aclients in the Southeast Asia markets. That starting material. Now, work done at themarket, according to Cereplast, includes University of Wolverhampton suggests thatIndia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, bacterium, Ralstonia eutropha H16, could useand offers 1.6 billion potential new consumers. waste cooking oil as a starting material to reduce production costs of the plastic. TheFrederic Scheer, CEO of Cereplast, said that next challenge for the group is to scale-upIndia is a key emerging market for the experiments; enabling the manufacture ofcompany and opening an office in India will bioplastics on an industrial level.allow Cereplast to establish a client base thatcould require between 20 to 2,000 tons per Click here for more information.month of biobased product.Click here for more information.Biome Technologies announce Bio-based Materialsproposed sale of its 50 per cent stakein BiotecUK bioplastics company Biome Technologieshas proposed the sale of its 50 per cent stakein Biotec, the Group‟s manufacturing jointventure with Sphere. Biome will receive acash consideration of £5.2m. Biome say thesale will allow the group to focus on itsstrategy to develop high margin, application Source: Bridgestoneled products.Click here for more information. Bridgestone unveils 100 per cent sustainable tyre conceptWaste cooking oil could make Bridgestone is exhibiting a concept tyre ofbioplastics cheaper “100 per cent sustainable materials” at the 2012 Paris Motor Show, as part of a newBioplastics that are naturally synthesised by initiative to encourage sustainability.microbes could be made commerciallyviable by using waste cooking oil as a starting Bridgestone Corporation, the world‟s largestmaterial, according to scientists presenting tyre manufacturer, is diversifying the regions where it produces natural rubber and also NNFCC Market Review, October 2012, Page 5 of 8
  6. 6. replacing the synthetic rubber, carbon black and hardwood lignin yielded monomericand rubber compounding agents in its tyre compounds in different compositions with awith alternatives synthesised from biomass. maximum yield of 2.0 per cent for syringic acid and 3.6 per cent for syringol,Bridgestone wants sustainable material tyres respectively. The results of the study showedto be commercially available from 2050. As a that under applied conditions competitionnext step in the process, the company will occurred between lignin depolymerisation“initiate” the technologies to begin mass and recondensation of fragments.production of bio-based tyres. Click here for more information.Click here for more information. Bio-based production of chemicals, materials and fuels – Corynebacterium glutamicum asScientific Reviews versatile cell factorySustained photosynthetic conversion Abstract: Corynebacterium glutamicum,of CO2 to ethylene in recombinant gram-positive soil bacteria, traditionally well-cyanobacterium Synechocystis 6803 known as excellent producers of l-amino acids are becoming flexible, efficientAbstract: Ethylene is the most widely production platforms for various chemicals,produced petrochemical feedstock globally. materials and fuels. This development isIt is currently produced exclusively from fossil intensively driven by systems metabolicfuels, and its production is the largest CO2- engineering concepts integrating systemsemitting process in the chemical industry. In biology and synthetic biology into strainthis study, we report on a photobiological engineering. This study reviews the potentialprocess for sustained production of ethylene of Corynebacterium glutamicum in thefrom CO2. The efe gene encoding an production of bio-based chemicals, materialsethylene-forming enzyme from Pseudomonas and fuels.syringae pv. Phaseolicola was previouslyexpressed in cyanobacterial strains, but was Click here for more information.not stable. We modified the gene sequenceto enhance its stability, and expressed it in Toward biotechnological productionSynechocystis sp. PCC 6803, leading to of adipic acid and precursors fromcontinuous ethylene production. biorenewablesClick here for more information. Abstract: Adipic acid is the most important commercial aliphatic dicarboxylic acid in theLignin depolymerisation in chemical industry and is primarily used for thesupercritical carbon production of nylon-6,6 polyamide. Thedioxide/acetone/water fluid for the current adipic acid market volume is aboutproduction of aromatic chemicals 2.6m tons/yr and the average annual demand growth rate forecast to stay at 3–3.5 per cent worldwide. Hitherto, the industrialAbstract: Valorisation of lignin plays a key role production of adipic acid is carried out byin further development of lignocellulosic petroleum-based chemo-catalytic processesbiorefinery processes the production of from non-renewable fossil fuels. However, inbiofuels and bio-based materials. In this study, the past years, efforts have been made tosupercritical depolymerisation of wheat straw NNFCC Market Review, October 2012, Page 6 of 8
  7. 7. find alternative routes for adipic acid purification methodologies, and chemicalproduction from renewable sources by modification, as well as the analyticalbiotechnological processes. This study reviews methods necessary for xylan related research.the approaches and the progress madetoward bio-based production of adipic acid. Click here for more information.Click here for more information. Economic and Environmental Assessment of Bio-Based ChemicalsFrom plant biomass to bio-based Production in Singaporeschemicals: Latest developments in Petrochemical Clusterxylan research Abstract: Current refining capacity inAbstract: This review is focused on xylan, the Singapore is 1.3m bpd and ethylene capacitysecond most abundant plant polysaccharide is 2.1m tons per year, projected to reach 4mon our planet. Some xylan-derived products tons per year by 2014. The petrochemicalhave already found commercial applications industry in Singapore is heavily dependent on(ethanol, xylitol, xylo-oligosaccharides) while fossil-based feedstock. This paper investigatesothers could have a great future in a wide the feasibility of incorporating bio-based rawrange of industries. The chemical and materials into the slate of feedstocksstructural variations of xylans produced by available for chemicals production indifferent plants, and the concentration of Singapore.xylan in various plant resources aresummarised. This review discusses the latest Click here for more information.research developments in extraction andPrice Information Item Price, US$ (Aug 07) Price, US$ (Aug 12) % Price Increase Crude oil (petroleum, barrel) 70.13 ↑ 105.28 50.12 Maize (corn, metric ton) 151.01 ↑ 332.17 119.97 Sugar (pound) 0.0961 ↑ 0.2053 113.63 Rapeseed oil (metric ton) 1006.75 ↑ 1221.67 21.35 Soybean oil (metric ton) 797.09 ↑ 1188.51 49.11 Ethanol (gallon) 2.43 ↑ 2.72 11.19 For details on indexes please see www.indexmundi.com/commodities Crude Oil (petroleum), simple average of three spot prices; Dated Brent, West Texas Intermediate, and the Dubai Fateh. Ethanol details available at www.neo.ne.gov/statshtml/66.html Arrows indicate rise (↑), constant (–) or fall (↓) from previous month. NNFCC Market Review, October 2012, Page 7 of 8
  8. 8. Comparison of Price Indexes (2005 = 100) 300 Price index (relative terms) 250 200 Agricultural Raw 150 Materials 100 Food 50 Crude Oil (Petroleum) 0 Sep-97 Sep-98 Sep-99 Sep-00 Sep-01 Sep-02 Sep-03 Sep-04 Sep-05 Sep-06 Sep-07 Sep-08 Sep-09 Sep-10 Sep-11 Sep-12 For details on the nature of these commodities please see www.indexmundi.com/commoditiesEvents Life Cycle Assessment Workshops, 07-7th European Bioplastics Conference, 08 Nov 2012 in York, UK06-07 Nov 2012 in Berlin, Germany www.nnfcc.co.uk/eventsen.european-bioplastics.org Two workshops have been developed toThe annual European Bioplastics Conference provide a basic understanding of LCA andoffers a unique information platform for how to set about doing one. The firstindustry trends and innovations in material workshop covers the principles of LCA,and application development. requirements, problems and issues. The second provides a „hands on‟ opportunity to learn to carry out an LCA. The workshops can be taken together or separately. Credits and Disclaimer NNFCC Market Review is edited by Dr Matthew Aylott for NNFCC members. Feedback is welcome. The Review has been compiled in good faith and NNFCC does not accept responsibility for any inaccuracies or the products or services shown.NNFCCThe Bioeconomy Consultants NNFCC, Biocentre, Phone: +44 (0)1904 435182 York Science Park, Fax: +44 (0)1904 435345 Innovation Way, E: enquiries@nnfcc.co.uk Heslington, York, Web: www.nnfcc.co.uk YO10 5DG. NNFCC Market Review, October 2012, Page 8 of 8