Anaerobic Digestion Deployment in the UK
 

Anaerobic Digestion Deployment in the UK

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This document provides an overview and extracts from the main AD Deployment in the UK report which is available from NNFCC. ...

This document provides an overview and extracts from the main AD Deployment in the UK report which is available from NNFCC.

NNFCC has published the definitive report on Anaerobic Digestion Deployment in the UK. The report provides a comprehensive regional breakdown of sector development in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the 10 regions of England, providing detailed information on feedstock requirements, installed capacity and output type (combined heat & power or biomethane-to grid) for every project.There are over 130 operational AD plants in the UK outside of the sewage treatment sector, with more than 340 projects currently under development. NNFCC has now published the definitive report on Anaerobic Digestion Deployment in the UK. The report provides a comprehensive regional breakdown of sector development in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the 10 regions of England, giving detailed information on feedstock requirements, installed capacity and output type (combined heat & power or biomethane-to grid) for every project.

http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/bioenergy/ad-deployment-report

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Anaerobic Digestion Deployment in the UK Anaerobic Digestion Deployment in the UK Document Transcript

  • March 2014 Anaerobic digestion deployment in the United Kingdom
  • Anaerobic Digestion deployment in the United Kingdom The Anaerobic Digestion (AD) industry in the UK has experienced rapid growth in recent years and this is set to continue for years to come. There are now over 130 operational AD plants in the UK outside of the sewage treatment sector, with more than 340 projects currently under development. Understanding this deployment landscape is vital for investors, developers and policymakers alike. NNFCC has now published the definitive report on Anaerobic Digestion Deployment in the UK. The report provides a comprehensive regional breakdown of sector development in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the 10 regions of England, providing detailed information on feedstock requirements, installed capacity and output type (combined heat & power or biomethane-to grid) for each and every project. Disclaimer While NNFCC considers that the data in this report is sound, it can only be considered as accurate as the resources utilised for its provision and all parties must rely on their own skill and judgement when making use of it. This report is intended for the sole use of the purchaser and the information contained herein should not be reproduced or redistributed in any way for use by third parties without permission from the NNFCC. © NNFCC 2013 All rights reserved. Address: NNFCC Biocentre York Science Park Innovation Way York YO10 5DG United Kingdom Telephone: +44 1904 435182 Fax: +44 1904 435345 Email: enquiries@nnfcc.co.uk Web: www.nnfcc.co.uk
  • Contents 1 Introduction.......................................................................................................................1 2 Incentives ..........................................................................................................................2 2.1 Feed-In Tariff (FIT)..........................................................................................................2 2.2 Renewables Obligation (RO)......................................................................................3 2.3 Northern Ireland Renwables Obligation (NIRO).......................................................4 2.4 Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI)................................................................................4 2.5 Contract for Differences..............................................................................................5 3 Deployment analysis criteria ..........................................................................................6 3.1 Definitions.......................................................................................................................6 3.2 Assumptions...................................................................................................................7 4 United Kingdom Deployment.........................................................................................9 5 National Deployment ....................................................................................................17 5.1 Scotland.......................................................................................................................17 5.2 Wales............................................................................................................................23 5.3 Northern Ireland..........................................................................................................29 5.4 England........................................................................................................................39 6 Regional Deployment ...................................................................................................43 6.1 North West ...................................................................................................................43 6.2 North East.....................................................................................................................48 6.3 Yorkshire & Humber ....................................................................................................52 6.4 West Midlands.............................................................................................................57 6.5 East Midlands ..............................................................................................................62 6.6 East of England ...........................................................................................................67 6.7 South West...................................................................................................................73 6.8 South East ....................................................................................................................79 6.9 London.........................................................................................................................84 6.10 Isle of Wight .................................................................................................................86 Appendix 1 List of biomethane-to-grid plants...................................................................88
  • List of Figures Figure 1. Number and installed capacity of waste-fed and farm-fed AD projects in the United Kingdom ..............................................................................................................12 Figure 2. Number and installed capacity of small scale (250kWe and below), medium scale (above 250kWe to 500kWe) and large scale (above 500kWe) AD projects in the United Kingdom ..........................................................................................12 Figure 3. Deployment timeline for farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in the United Kingdom..................................................................................................................................13 Figure 4. Deployment timeline for of small scale (250kWe and below), medium scale (above 250kWe to 500kWe) and large scale (above 500kWe) AD projects in the United Kingdom.....................................................................................................................13 Figure 5. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in the United Kingdom ....................................................................................................................14 Figure 6. Estimated land usage for crops used in AD in the United Kingdom ..............14 Figure 7. Number and installed capacity of AD projects in the United Kingdom by nation ......................................................................................................................................15 Figure 8. Number and installed capacity of AD projects in the United Kingdom by region ......................................................................................................................................15 Figure 9. Map of AD projects in the United Kingdom.......................................................16 Figure 10. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in Scotland..................................................................................................................................18 Figure 11. Deployment timeline for farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in Scotland ..................................................................................................................................................18 Figure 12. Deployment timeline for of small scale (250kWe and below), medium scale (above 250kWe to 500kWe) and large scale (above 500kWe) AD projects in Scotland..................................................................................................................................19 Figure 13. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in Scotland..................................................................................................................................19 Figure 14. Estimated land usage for crops used in AD in Scotland................................20 Figure 15. Map of AD projects in Scotland ........................................................................20 Figure 16. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in Wales.......................................................................................................................................24 Figure 17. Deployment timeline for farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in Wales ....24 Figure 18. Deployment timeline for of small scale (250kWe and below), medium scale (above 250kWe to 500kWe) and large scale (above 500kWe) AD projects in Wales 25 Figure 19. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in Wales ..................................................................................................................................................25
  • Figure 20. Estimated land usage for crops used in AD in Wales .....................................26 Figure 21. Map of AD projects in Wales..............................................................................26 Figure 22. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in Northern Ireland.....................................................................................................................30 Figure 23. Deployment timeline for farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in Northern Ireland .....................................................................................................................................30 Figure 24. Deployment timeline for of small scale (250kWe and below), medium scale (above 250kWe to 500kWe) and large scale (above 500kWe) AD projects in Northern Ireland .....................................................................................................................................31 Figure 25. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in Northern Ireland.....................................................................................................................31 Figure 26. Estimated land usage for crops used in AD in Northern Ireland...................32 Figure 27. Map of AD projects in Northern Ireland ...........................................................32 Figure 28. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in England...................................................................................................................................40 Figure 29. Deployment timeline for farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in England .... 40 Figure 30. Deployment timeline for of small scale (250kWe and below), medium scale (above 250kWe to 500kWe) and large scale (above 500kWe) AD projects in England ..................................................................................................................................................41 Figure 31. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in England ..................................................................................................................................41 Figure 32. Estimated land usage for crops used in AD in England .................................42 Figure 33. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in North West England...............................................................................................................44 Figure 34. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in North West England .........................................................................................................................44 Figure 35. Map of AD projects in North West England .....................................................45 Figure 36. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in North East England................................................................................................................49 Figure 37. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in North East England...........................................................................................................................49 Figure 38. Map of AD projects in North East England.......................................................50 Figure 39. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in Yorkshire & Humber ...............................................................................................................53 Figure 40. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in Yorkshire & Humber ...............................................................................................................53 Figure 41. Map of AD projects in Yorkshire & Humber......................................................54
  • Figure 42. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in the West Midlands.................................................................................................................58 Figure 43. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in the West Midlands........................................................................................................................58 Figure 44. Map of AD projects in the West Midlands........................................................59 Figure 45. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in the East Midlands .................................................................................................................63 Figure 46. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in the East Midlands ........................................................................................................................63 Figure 47. Map of AD projects in the East Midlands .........................................................64 Figure 48. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in the East of England ...............................................................................................................68 Figure 49. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in the East of England ......................................................................................................................68 Figure 50. Map of AD projects in the East of England......................................................69 Figure 51. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in the South West of England...................................................................................................74 Figure 52. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in the South West of England..........................................................................................................74 Figure 53. Map of AD projects in the South West of England .........................................75 Figure 54. Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in the South East of England ....................................................................................................80 Figure 55. Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in the South East of England ...........................................................................................................80 Figure 56. Map of AD projects in the South East of England...........................................81 Figure 57. Map of AD projects in London...........................................................................84 Figure 58. Map of AD projects in the Isle of Wight ............................................................86
  • List of Tables Table 1. List of AD projects in Scotland...............................................................................21 Table 2. List of AD projects in Wales....................................................................................27 Table 3. List of AD projects in Northern Ireland..................................................................33 Table 4. List of AD projects in North West England............................................................46 Table 5. List of AD projects in North East England.............................................................51 Table 6. List of AD projects in Yorkshire & Humber ............................................................55 Table 7. List of AD projects in the West Midlands..............................................................60 Table 8. List of AD projects in the East Midlands ...............................................................66 Table 9. List of AD projects in the East of England ............................................................70 Table 10. List of AD projects in the South West of England..............................................76 Table 11. List of AD projects in the South East of England ...............................................82 Table 12. List of AD projects in London...............................................................................85 Table 13. List of AD projects in the Isle of Wight ................................................................87
  • 1 Introduction This report outlines current deployment in the UK anaerobic digestion (AD) industry, giving a comprehensive regional breakdown of the sector in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and 10 regions of England (the nine NUTS1 regions and the Isle of Wight). The report provides detailed information on installed capacity, feedstock requirements and estimated cropping area for all anaerobic digestion plants contained with the NNFCC anaerobic digestion deployment database, which tracks projects from the first public announcement through to operation. The database is updated on a monthly basis and compiled using a number of data sources including: press announcements; regular discussions with technology providers, suppliers, investors and developers; the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Renewable Energy Planning Database (REPD), Planning Portals and Council planning registers; Ofgem statistics; the Official Information Portal on AD, Biogas Map; and WRAP’s Waste Market Intelligence Team. Combined, these data sources provide an accurate insight into the various types, scales and status of AD projects in the UK. Transparency is a critical factor when evaluating data robustness. This is especially important when using such data to validate strategic decision-making processes. By pulling information from primary resources and providing a plant-by-plant breakdown, this report provides detailed and trustworthy data with complete transparency throughout. We expect that this report will be of great value to developers, investors and policymakers alike in understanding the current state-of- play of the UK AD industry. The scope of this report extends to both the agricultural and non-sewage waste AD sectors and includes both combined heat & power and biomethane-to-grid projects. However, sewage waste treatment AD plants are not included.
  • Example Content Map of AD projects in the United Kingdom
  • Number and installed capacity of farm-fed and waste-fed AD projects in XXXXX Cumulative and year-on-year feedstock demand for AD projects in XXXXX 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Planned Application submitted Application approved Under construction Operational Numberofplants InstalledCapacity(MWe) Farm-fed (MWe) Waste-fed (MWe) Farm-fed Waste-fed 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 pre 2005 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 FeedstockVolumes(ktpa) Manure/Slurry Crop Food Waste Crop waste Other Manure/Slurry (Cum.) Crop (Cum.) Food Waste (Cum.) Crop waste (Cum.) Other (Cum.)
  • Table showing AD projects in XXXXX Developer Site name Capacity (kWe) Output Status Completion Type Feedstock Feedstock demand (tpa) Total Manure/ Slurry Crop Food Waste Crop Waste Other Waste 548 BtG & CHP Operational 2010 Waste- fed Brewery waste & food waste 25,000 - - 25,000 - - 3000 CHP Under construction 2014 Farm- fed Energy crops & vegetable outgrades 35,000 - 30,000 - 5,000 - 1067 CHP Operational 2012 Farm- fed Maize silage 20,000 - 20,000 - - - 500 CHP Application approved 2015 Waste- fed Brewery waste 68,500 - - - - 68,500 1300 CHP Application approved 2015 Farm- fed Vegetable outgrades 36,500 - - - 36,500 - 140 CHP Operational 2009 Farm- fed Cattle slurry, silage & cheese processing waste 5,000 2,000 2,000 - - 1,000 2000 CHP Application approved 2015 Waste- fed Food waste 48,500 - - 48,500 - - 1000 CHP Application approved 2015 Waste- fed Energy crops, spent grains & apple by-products 30,000 - 10,000 - 20,000 - 1063 CHP Operational 2013 Farm- fed Energy crops 20,000 - 20,000 - - - 3200 CHP Operational 2011 Waste- fed Food waste 70,000 - - 70,000 - - 500 CHP Operational 2009 Waste- fed Vegetable outgrades 10,000 - - - 10,000 - 500 CHP Application approved 2015 Farm- fed Maize silage 9,100 - 9,100 - - - 2000 CHP Under construction 2014 Waste- fed Food waste 45,000 - - 45,000 - - 1067 CHP Operational 2012 Farm- fed Maize silage 20,000 - 20,000 - - - 500 CHP Operational 2013 Waste- fed Animal processing waste 29,000 - - - - 29,000 4380 CHP Under construction 2014 Waste- fed Organic fraction of MSW & C&I waste 107,000 - - 64,000 - 43,000 2400 CHP Operational 2013 Farm- fed Maize silage & vegetable outgrades 61,000 - 40,000 - 21,000 - 1063 CHP Operational 2005 Waste- fed Waste starch 95,000 - - - - 95,000 ExampleContent
  • About NNFCC NNFCC provides high quality, industry-leading technical consultancy on sustainable energy from biomass. Working with us enables you to stay ahead in a complex and constantly changing marketplace. Our commercial services have been tailored to assist organisations in understanding the opportunities and overcoming the challenges presented by the emerging bioeconomy. We offer technical consultancy covering;  Future market analysis  Feedstock logistics planning  Sustainability strategy development  Technology evaluation and associated due diligence  Project feasibility assessment  Policy and regulatory support Anaerobic digestion is a key focus area for NNFCC. Activities include maintaining the Official Information Portal on Anaerobic Digestion at www.biogas-info.co.uk, development and delivery of the UK Anaerobic Digestion Strategy and Action Plan and regular provision of AD market and technical reports to Government and commercial clients. These include:  “Assessment of the Anaerobic Digestion Market in UK and Ireland”, undertaken for a commercial client  “Improving the Economic Efficiency Anaerobic Digestion”, undertaken for the Department of Energy and Climate Change  Support for planning application for a new anaerobic digestion plant in the North East of England, undertaken for a commercial client
  • NNFCC The Bioeconomy Consultants NNFCC, Biocentre, Phone: +44 (0)1904 435182 York Science Park, Fax: +44 (0)1904 435345 Innovation Way, E: enquiries@nnfcc.co.uk Heslington, York, Web: www.nnfcc.co.uk YO10 5DG.