Reporting the Review  Interactive Quiz Prepared for: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Training Module...
<ul><li>Reporting the results of a comparative effectiveness review (CER) is not part of the CER process; it is an addendu...
<ul><ul><li>The entire search strategy should be included in the  comparative effectiveness review report. </li></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>Accurate and transparent reporting does not help readers interpret the reported results of a comparative effective...
<ul><li>In writing a report on a comparative effectiveness review, it is not necessary to link the Methods and Results sec...
<ul><li>The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) Statement is a reporting guideline...
<ul><li>Reporting the results of a comparative effectiveness review (CER) is an integral part of the review process. </li>...
<ul><li>This quiz was prepared by  David Moher, Ph.D., director, University of Ottawa Evidence-based Practice Center.  </l...
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Reporting the Review Quiz

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  • Reporting the Review Interactive Quiz
  • Comparative Effectiveness Review Report Reporting the results of a comparative effectiveness review (CER) is not part of the CER process; it is an addendum. Incorrect. Assessments of the quality of reports of systematic reviews, including CERs, indicate that they are inadequate. Reporting guidelines have been developed to help improve the quality of reporting of health research, including CERs. Reporting guidelines advocate the use of a checklist, a flow diagram, or explicit text to guide authors in reporting CERs and other types of health research. Correct. Reporting is very much a part of the CER process. Just as much attention should be given to reporting a CER as to its design and conduct.
  • Literature Search Strategy At least one literature search strategy should be included in the text of a comparative effectiveness review (CER) report. Correct. All information sources used in the literature search — including the databases used, dates covered in each database, and any contacts with authors — should be reported. The entire electronic search strategy must be presented in the Appendix. The purpose of including the entire search strategy is to ensure transparency and to permit replication of the review. Incorrect. Without access to the complete search strategy, it is difficult to update a CER. Similarly, without access to the search strategy interested readers cannot judge the adequacy of the searches.
  • Accurate and Transparent Reporting Accurate and transparent reporting does not help readers interpret the reported results of a comparative effectiveness review (CER). Incorrect. Unfortunately many publications lack clarity, transparency, and completeness with regard to how the researchers actually carried out their research. This makes research reports difficult to read. Correct. Inadequate reporting is problematic for several reasons. If authors do not provide sufficient details concerning the conduct of their CER, readers are left with an incomplete picture of what was done. As such, they are unable to judge the reliability of the results and interpret them. There are also ethical and moral reasons for reporting research adequately — the research must be replicable and interpreted correctly.
  • Methods and Results In writing a report on a comparative effectiveness review, it is not necessary to link the Methods and Results sections. These sections can be understood independently. Incorrect. There should always be a strong link between what is reported in the Methods and Results sections. If the authors indicate in the Methods section that they assessed the quality (risk of bias) of the included studies by using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment approach, readers will anticipate reading the results of the Cochrane risk of bias assessment approach in the Results section. Correct. There should be a lot of synergy between reporting certain items in the Methods section and the subsequent Results section . For example, when reporting the methods used to assess quality (risk of bias), readers will anticipate reading about the results of the assessments as initially described in the Methods section. . B. False.
  • Reporting Guidelines The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) Statement is a reporting guideline that can be used to prepare the comparative effectiveness review (CER) report. Correct. The PRISMA Statement is a reporting guideline that authors can follow when preparing a report on a systematic review, a meta-analysis, or a CER that involves a health intervention. Incorrect. Use of reporting guidelines has been shown to be associated with improvements in the quality of health research reports. Empirical evidence exists for randomized trials, diagnostic studies, meta-analyses, and acupuncture interventions . References: PRISMA Statement Web site. Home page. Available at: http://www.prisma-statement.org/index.htm. Liberati A, Altman DF, Tetzlaff J, et al. The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: explanation and elaboration. Ann Intern Med 2009;151:W65-94. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19622512
  • Summary
  • Author This interactive quiz augments the module on reporting the review. This quiz was prepared by David Moher, Ph.D., director, University of Ottawa Evidence-based Practice Center. The module on which the quiz relies is currently not included in Version 1.0 of the Methods Guide for Comparative Effectiveness Reviews (available at: http://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/repFiles/2007_10DraftMethodsGuide.pdf).
  • Reporting the Review Quiz

    1. 1. Reporting the Review Interactive Quiz Prepared for: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Training Modules for Systematic Reviews Methods Guide www.ahrq.gov
    2. 2. <ul><li>Reporting the results of a comparative effectiveness review (CER) is not part of the CER process; it is an addendum. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul>Comparative Effectiveness Review Report
    3. 3. <ul><ul><li>The entire search strategy should be included in the comparative effectiveness review report. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>True </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>False </li></ul></ul>Literature Search Strategy
    4. 4. <ul><li>Accurate and transparent reporting does not help readers interpret the reported results of a comparative effectiveness review. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul>Accurate and Transparent Reporting
    5. 5. <ul><li>In writing a report on a comparative effectiveness review, it is not necessary to link the Methods and Results sections. These sections can be understood independently. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul>Methods and Results
    6. 6. <ul><li>The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) Statement is a reporting guideline that can be used to prepare the comparative effectiveness review report. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul>Reporting Guidelines
    7. 7. <ul><li>Reporting the results of a comparative effectiveness review (CER) is an integral part of the review process. </li></ul><ul><li>The inclusion of the complete search strategy used to identify eligible studies is essential if the CER is to be replicated or updated. </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate and transparent reporting aids the interpretation of the CER results. </li></ul><ul><li>Using established reporting guidelines can facilitate writing of the CER report. </li></ul>Summary
    8. 8. <ul><li>This quiz was prepared by David Moher, Ph.D., director, University of Ottawa Evidence-based Practice Center. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the examples in the presentations are taken from the PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Health Care Interventions (Liberati A, et al. PLoS Med 2009;6(7): e1000100). </li></ul>Author
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