Raising aspirations & expectations

Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Workshop - Cumbernauld
November ...
How does the neuroscience
help us to rethink leadership?
Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Workshop - ...
PROVOCATEUR

“Schools are killing creativity”

Sir Ken Robinson
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2_XfZVGMRX4
Pitteuchar East Primary School

Jen Knussen, Headteacher

‘Challenging behaviour’ vs. ‘Distressed behaviour’
Sabre Tooth Tigers & Teddy Bears

?
?
Ken Robinson
Brene Brown
Robin Grille
Amygdala

Hippocampus

Processes
intense
emotion
(fear, terror,
rage)

Links an
experience to a
context

Fully mature
at b...
REJECTION = PAIN
Amygdala

Hippocampus

Processes
intense
emotion
(fear, terror,
rage)

Links an
experience to a
context

...
Tantrums
Tantrums
Tantrums
I

ET .
UPS
am

I am

D.
BA
Tantrums
ET. lp.
UPS le he
I a m p eo p
o re ,
e re f
Th

Th

D. elps.
BA e h
I am o on
e, n
e fo r
er
Tantrums
ET = viour
UPS eha
ed b
tress
Dis

Th

D.
BA e helps
I am o on
re , n
refo
e
Tantrums
ET = viour
UPS eha
ed b
tress
Dis

Cha

=
iour
BAD behav
ging
llen
Tantrums
ET = viour
UPS eha
ed b
tress
Dis

Cha

=
iour
BAD behav
ging
llen
Tantrums
ET = viour
UPS eha
ed b
tress
Dis

Cha

=
iour
BAD behav
ging
llen
Pitteuchar East Primary School

Jen Knussen, Headteacher

‘Challenging behaviour’ vs. ‘Distressed behaviour’
Pitteuchar East Primary School

Jen Knussen, Headteacher

Shame vs. Empathy
Toddler tantrums

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjA_EBHsfzI
Sadness –
with
bouts of
anger
Child tantrums

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Q5FdzHaOuE
Adult tantrums

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2qH1SGoXkY
Adult tantrum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nyhKZSXt2FM
• NEW YORK TIMES
Teacher tantrum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEbPLWB3iZE
Teacher Tantrum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9UtRsGU6pVs
Teacher tantrum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6buiTtvrft4
Teacher shaming

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-E68dTBT8V8
Teacher shaming

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uupsnyhGxcg
• NEW YORK TIMES
Cuddle
This is the solution.
Scotland’s Laughter Day
Jan 2014
In summary…
How does the neuroscience
help us to rethink leadership?
Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Workshop - ...
REPAIR & RESTORATION

Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Workshop - Cumbernauld
November 2013
BECOMING A
TEDDY BEAR SCHOOL
Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Workshop - Cumbernauld
November 2013
Thank you
Thank you
www.suzannezeedyk.com
suzanne@suzannezeedyk.com
Sarah Jayne Blakemore

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6zVS8HIPUng
Child tantrums

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zM8ym0FqM_k
Toddler tantrums

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UUn63hDCI7A
Adult Tantrums

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xs1Ag32GwNQ
Adult tantrums

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0xR58HS3-A
Sabre Tooth Tigers & Teddy Bears
Today’s path
Why thinking about this stuff matters
Brain development
At birth:
the most immature
of the body’s
organs.
Age 1:
has attained 70%
of final mass.
Age 3:
has attained 90%
of final ...
Source: Perry & Pollard, 1997
Birth.

15 months.

2 years.
All human infants are born ‘premature’ = Neoteny
Motorways in the brain…
…built for a particular weather system.
…built for a particular weather system.
…built for a particular weather system.
Construct system: Birth – 3 yrs

Set up the basic transport system.
Embed system: Primary Years

Put in the cats eyes, barricades, & signage.
Rewire system: Adolescence

Major roadworks & reconstruction. Chaos!
Drive round & round: Adulthood

Keep driving round & round the system.
Or decide to get off.
Deterioration: Older years

The system deteriorates. But regular upkeep
keeps it functioning.
os
ur
e
N

=
ce
en
ci

on
si
as
p
om
c
At birth:
the most immature of
the body’s organs.
Age 1:
has attained 70% of
final mass.
Age 3:
has attained 90% of
final ...
All teachers are teaching
nursery children.
At birth:
the most immature of
the body’s organs.
Age 1:
has attained 70% of
f...
George Hosking, WAVE Trust

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dnVsjvwdCCk
Jonathan Sher
Scotland Director,
WAVE Trust
Today’s path
Why thinking about this stuff matters
Brain development
Scotland’s History

1863
–
1913

Mary Lily
Walker

Dundee
2013
Children’s Strikes

“Dundee’s 1911 strike was the biggest in the country.”
http://libcom.org/history/childrens-strikes-191...
Infant mortality

“2 out of 5 babies die by the age of 1 year.”
http://www.brightbytes.com/collection/memento.html
Her response: 1905 Report
Her response: 1905 Report

Provocateur
Her Solutions

Housing
Her Solutions

Housing

Breastfeeding
Her Solutions

Housing

Breastfeeding

School Meals
Her Solutions

Housing

Breastfeeding

School Meals
2013
is
is
Th

or
st
hi
an
ot
n

al
ic

ry
to
s

2013
In summary…
Meeting learners’ needs

Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Cumbernauld
November 2013
Meeting children’s needs

Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Cumbernauld
November 2013
Meeting confident children’s needs

Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Cumbernauld
November 2013
Meeting terrified children’s needs

Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Cumbernauld
November 2013
Meeting angry children’s needs

Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Cumbernauld
November 2013
Why meeting children’s
learning needs means meeting
their emotional needs too
Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ...
What does GIRFEC
say about feelings?
Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk
University of Dundee & SZ Ltd
AHDS Cumbernauld
November 2013
?
?
Early Years Investment:
Savings Ratio of 1 - 7

Source: J Heckman & D Masterov (2005) , New Wealth for Old Nations: Scotla...
Spending
Source: J Heckman & D Masterov (2005) , New Wealth for Old Nations: Scotland’s Economic Prospects
Adverse Childhood Experiences Study
(ACE Study)
• 1995-1997
• Centers for Disease Control & Prevention,
Georgia, USA
• 17,...
Childhood Experiences
Abuse:
Physical abuse
Emotional abuse
Sexual abuse
Neglect:
Emotional neglect
Physical neglect

Hous...
Health outcomes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Alcoholism and alcohol abuse
Adolescent pregnancy
Depression
Fetal death
Health-related ...
Number of Adverse Childhood Experiences
(ACE Score)

No. Exprnces
0
1
2
3
4 or more

Women
34.5%
24.5%
15.5%
10.3%
15.2%

...
Dunedin Study
1972 – present
Age 3 predicts greater
likelihood of violence
in early 20’s
http://dunedinstudy.otago.ac.nz/
...
Why don’t we believe this is the solution?
Toddler tantrums

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UUn63hDCI7A
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations
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  • Source: Perry, BD and Pollard, D. 1997. Altered brain development following global neglect in early childhood. Society For Neuroscience: Proceedings from Annual Meeting,New Orleans, 1997
  • AHDS2013 WS4 Raising aspirations and expectations

    1. 1. Raising aspirations & expectations Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Workshop - Cumbernauld November 2013
    2. 2. How does the neuroscience help us to rethink leadership? Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Workshop - Cumbernauld November 2013
    3. 3. PROVOCATEUR “Schools are killing creativity” Sir Ken Robinson http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2_XfZVGMRX4
    4. 4. Pitteuchar East Primary School Jen Knussen, Headteacher ‘Challenging behaviour’ vs. ‘Distressed behaviour’
    5. 5. Sabre Tooth Tigers & Teddy Bears ? ?
    6. 6. Ken Robinson
    7. 7. Brene Brown
    8. 8. Robin Grille
    9. 9. Amygdala Hippocampus Processes intense emotion (fear, terror, rage) Links an experience to a context Fully mature at birth – helps to make sense of the memory Matures only around 3 years
    10. 10. REJECTION = PAIN Amygdala Hippocampus Processes intense emotion (fear, terror, rage) Links an experience to a context Fully mature at birth – helps to make sense of the memory Matures only around 3 years
    11. 11. Tantrums
    12. 12. Tantrums
    13. 13. Tantrums I ET . UPS am I am D. BA
    14. 14. Tantrums ET. lp. UPS le he I a m p eo p o re , e re f Th Th D. elps. BA e h I am o on e, n e fo r er
    15. 15. Tantrums ET = viour UPS eha ed b tress Dis Th D. BA e helps I am o on re , n refo e
    16. 16. Tantrums ET = viour UPS eha ed b tress Dis Cha = iour BAD behav ging llen
    17. 17. Tantrums ET = viour UPS eha ed b tress Dis Cha = iour BAD behav ging llen
    18. 18. Tantrums ET = viour UPS eha ed b tress Dis Cha = iour BAD behav ging llen
    19. 19. Pitteuchar East Primary School Jen Knussen, Headteacher ‘Challenging behaviour’ vs. ‘Distressed behaviour’
    20. 20. Pitteuchar East Primary School Jen Knussen, Headteacher Shame vs. Empathy
    21. 21. Toddler tantrums http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjA_EBHsfzI
    22. 22. Sadness – with bouts of anger
    23. 23. Child tantrums http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Q5FdzHaOuE
    24. 24. Adult tantrums http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2qH1SGoXkY
    25. 25. Adult tantrum http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nyhKZSXt2FM
    26. 26. • NEW YORK TIMES
    27. 27. Teacher tantrum http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEbPLWB3iZE
    28. 28. Teacher Tantrum http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9UtRsGU6pVs
    29. 29. Teacher tantrum http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6buiTtvrft4
    30. 30. Teacher shaming http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-E68dTBT8V8
    31. 31. Teacher shaming http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uupsnyhGxcg
    32. 32. • NEW YORK TIMES
    33. 33. Cuddle
    34. 34. This is the solution.
    35. 35. Scotland’s Laughter Day Jan 2014
    36. 36. In summary…
    37. 37. How does the neuroscience help us to rethink leadership? Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Workshop - Cumbernauld November 2013
    38. 38. REPAIR & RESTORATION Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Workshop - Cumbernauld November 2013
    39. 39. BECOMING A TEDDY BEAR SCHOOL Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Workshop - Cumbernauld November 2013
    40. 40. Thank you
    41. 41. Thank you www.suzannezeedyk.com suzanne@suzannezeedyk.com
    42. 42. Sarah Jayne Blakemore http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6zVS8HIPUng
    43. 43. Child tantrums http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zM8ym0FqM_k
    44. 44. Toddler tantrums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UUn63hDCI7A
    45. 45. Adult Tantrums http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xs1Ag32GwNQ
    46. 46. Adult tantrums http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0xR58HS3-A
    47. 47. Sabre Tooth Tigers & Teddy Bears
    48. 48. Today’s path Why thinking about this stuff matters Brain development
    49. 49. At birth: the most immature of the body’s organs. Age 1: has attained 70% of final mass. Age 3: has attained 90% of final mass
    50. 50. Source: Perry & Pollard, 1997
    51. 51. Birth. 15 months. 2 years.
    52. 52. All human infants are born ‘premature’ = Neoteny
    53. 53. Motorways in the brain…
    54. 54. …built for a particular weather system.
    55. 55. …built for a particular weather system.
    56. 56. …built for a particular weather system.
    57. 57. Construct system: Birth – 3 yrs Set up the basic transport system.
    58. 58. Embed system: Primary Years Put in the cats eyes, barricades, & signage.
    59. 59. Rewire system: Adolescence Major roadworks & reconstruction. Chaos!
    60. 60. Drive round & round: Adulthood Keep driving round & round the system. Or decide to get off.
    61. 61. Deterioration: Older years The system deteriorates. But regular upkeep keeps it functioning.
    62. 62. os ur e N = ce en ci on si as p om c
    63. 63. At birth: the most immature of the body’s organs. Age 1: has attained 70% of final mass. Age 3: has attained 90% of final mass
    64. 64. All teachers are teaching nursery children. At birth: the most immature of the body’s organs. Age 1: has attained 70% of final mass. Age 3: has attained 90% of final mass
    65. 65. George Hosking, WAVE Trust http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dnVsjvwdCCk
    66. 66. Jonathan Sher Scotland Director, WAVE Trust
    67. 67. Today’s path Why thinking about this stuff matters Brain development
    68. 68. Scotland’s History 1863 – 1913 Mary Lily Walker Dundee
    69. 69. 2013
    70. 70. Children’s Strikes “Dundee’s 1911 strike was the biggest in the country.” http://libcom.org/history/childrens-strikes-1911
    71. 71. Infant mortality “2 out of 5 babies die by the age of 1 year.” http://www.brightbytes.com/collection/memento.html
    72. 72. Her response: 1905 Report
    73. 73. Her response: 1905 Report Provocateur
    74. 74. Her Solutions Housing
    75. 75. Her Solutions Housing Breastfeeding
    76. 76. Her Solutions Housing Breastfeeding School Meals
    77. 77. Her Solutions Housing Breastfeeding School Meals
    78. 78. 2013
    79. 79. is is Th or st hi an ot n al ic ry to s 2013
    80. 80. In summary…
    81. 81. Meeting learners’ needs Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Cumbernauld November 2013
    82. 82. Meeting children’s needs Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Cumbernauld November 2013
    83. 83. Meeting confident children’s needs Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Cumbernauld November 2013
    84. 84. Meeting terrified children’s needs Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Cumbernauld November 2013
    85. 85. Meeting angry children’s needs Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Cumbernauld November 2013
    86. 86. Why meeting children’s learning needs means meeting their emotional needs too Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Cumbernauld November 2013
    87. 87. What does GIRFEC say about feelings? Dr. Suzanne Zeedyk University of Dundee & SZ Ltd AHDS Cumbernauld November 2013
    88. 88. ? ?
    89. 89. Early Years Investment: Savings Ratio of 1 - 7 Source: J Heckman & D Masterov (2005) , New Wealth for Old Nations: Scotland’s Economic Prospects
    90. 90. Spending Source: J Heckman & D Masterov (2005) , New Wealth for Old Nations: Scotland’s Economic Prospects
    91. 91. Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study) • 1995-1997 • Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Georgia, USA • 17,000 patients undergoing standard physical health examinations • Published as: ‘The relationship of adult health status to childhood abuse and household dysfunction’ (American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 1998)
    92. 92. Childhood Experiences Abuse: Physical abuse Emotional abuse Sexual abuse Neglect: Emotional neglect Physical neglect Household Dysfunction: Mother treated violently Substance misuse Mental illness Parental divorce Incarceration
    93. 93. Health outcomes: • • • • • • • • Alcoholism and alcohol abuse Adolescent pregnancy Depression Fetal death Health-related quality of life Illicit drug use Heart disease Early initiation of sexual activity • • • • • • • • Liver disease Partner violence Multiple sexual partners Sexually transmitted diseases Smoking Suicide attempts Unintended pregnancies Early initiation of smoking
    94. 94. Number of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE Score) No. Exprnces 0 1 2 3 4 or more Women 34.5% 24.5% 15.5% 10.3% 15.2% Men 38.0% 27.9% 16.4% 8.6% 9.2% Total 36.1% 26.0% 15.9% 9.5% 12.5%
    95. 95. Dunedin Study 1972 – present Age 3 predicts greater likelihood of violence in early 20’s http://dunedinstudy.otago.ac.nz/ news/childhd.html
    96. 96. Why don’t we believe this is the solution?
    97. 97. Toddler tantrums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UUn63hDCI7A
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