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Burton, A.H. (2010) Water resources management and participation – best practice in the UK and Australia, gaps and ...

Burton, A.H. (2010) Water resources management and participation – best practice in the UK and Australia, gaps and
future options, Water Resources Management Scientific Network Seminar, 1-2 June 2010, IDS, Sussex University, Brighton - UK

http://www.redectidoce.com.br/wrmdp-net/arquivos/Aaron-Burton-Wales-Seminar2010-WMRDP-Network.pdf

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Seminar2010 Wmrdp Network Seminar2010 Wmrdp Network Presentation Transcript

  • Water resources management andparticipation – best practice in theUK and AustraliaAaron BurtonWRM Scientific Network 1-2 June 2010IDS, Sussex University, Brighton
  • Outline Pressures on water resources Sustainable development and water resources management – linking with participation UK Examples Regulatory and WRM reform Analysis of current regulation Australian Examples Conclusions Proposed questions
  • Pressures on water resources –Western Australia
  • Pressures on Water Resources - England and Wales
  • Demand scenarios – England and Wales
  • Demand Scenarios – Western Australia
  • Carbon mitigation
  • Water Resources Strategy for England andWalesEnough water for people and the environment: “Management and use ofwater that is environmentally, socially and economically sustainable,providing the right amount of water for people, agriculture, commerce andindustry, and an improved water-related environment” Where does participation fit?
  • Participation the act of taking part in an activity or event Definition – devolved or distributed governance, stakeholder consultation, forums, in the market, social licence Where does it fit? Abstraction management Water resources planning Retail – consumers All of the above?
  • Water resources management and participation – best practice inthe UK and AustraliaUK EXAMPLES
  • Water Resources Management – RegulatoryReform Future Water and WAG SPPS on Water Cave Review Reform abstraction, upstream and retail competition for water, need to agree priorities – stakeholders; water quality trading and standards (local sustainability – reduce emissions) Walker Review Recommendation 65 – public involvement in future issues affecting bills, particularly proposals for quality improvements Processes WRMP – public consultation, WTP, SEA issues PR09 – WTP A low carbon water industry 2050
  • Governance architectures
  • Policy Areas Objectives State Market Governance Behaviour Based change SupplyWater abstraction Improved allocation •Licensing •Limited •Abstractor groupsmanagement to optimise social, system and licence environmental and CAMS trading economic benefits •Restoring Reduce abstraction sustainable to sustainable levels abstraction Maintain (RSA) sustainable levels of programme abstraction and – s51 security of public voluntary, water supplies s52 revokePublic water Reducing costs to •Combined •Comparativ •Statutory Watersupply and water customers water and e Resourceindustry structures Innovation and sewerage competition Management environmental licence for and price Plans with public performance/ undertakers review consultation funding process Low carbon water •Competition industry for the marketWater customers Reducing costs to •Combined •Consulted in •Consumer customers water and willingness to pay advice and Increasing levels of sewerage and other studies representation service licence for Stakeholder (CCWater) undertakers inclusion within WFD
  • Policy Areas Objectives State Market Based Governance Behaviour changeDemandWater Reduce demand and •Water Supply (Water •Ofwat targets on •Small scaleefficiency therefore abstraction Fittings) Regulations water companies projects and from the environment •Building Regulations •ECA tax incentives tariff trials Reduce carbon •Planning standards emissions from supply, (CSH, etc.) use and disposalLeakage Reduce demand and •Ofwat targets on •PressureManagement therefore abstraction water companies from media/ from the environment public perceptionWater QualityPoint source Reduce pollution from •Environmental permits •Operator Self •Stakeholder •OPRA,pollution point sources in a cost (site activities, Monitoring inclusion within Account effective manner discharges etc.) WFD and some Managemen River basin planning catchment scale t Environmental quality decision making improvements Low carbon treatment methodsDiffuse source River basin planning [WR Act 1991 - Water •Subsidy based Stakeholderpollution Environmental quality Protection Zones; Anti- compliance inclusion within improvements pollution Works Notices] (CAP, Farm based WFD and some [Groundwater grant scheme) catchment scale regulations 2009 – •Code of practice for decision making notices] using Land management Plant protection •Plan Protection schemes products regulations, products Pesticides forum Groundwater •Organic farming Pesticides voluntary regulations scheme and organic initiative Nitrate Vulnerable environmental Influencing the Zones stewardship planning process CAP- Nitrates and LDPs
  • Water resources management and participation – best practice inthe UK and AustraliaAUSTRALIAN EXAMPLES
  • Australian Case Studies National Water Initiative – Reform measures Addressing transboundary issues NRM – distributed governance and links to US models CSIRO Work Water benefits accounting Climate change South West Yarragadee SA Permanent water efficiency measures
  • Conclusions Pressures on water resources require more innovative and effective management regimes Participation is part of all management activities – gaps exist in both the UK and Australia frameworks Regulatory reform is fast paced Opportunity to engage water users and achieve local sustainable solutions
  • Questions What is the best stage (or stages) within the policy cycle for participation to enable a more distributed governance and partnership approach to managing water resources? How effective is participation through consultation compared to broader governance arrangements for sustainable water resources management? What are the gaps and opportunities for participation and improved governance approaches within water resources management in the UK and Australia?
  • Upstream Network Retail
  • Thank you – Questions?