Mt.abo eim3
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Mt.abo eim3 Mt.abo eim3 Presentation Transcript

  • PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT ! GREEN FIEND RESIST ENVIRONMENTAL PLUNDER AND DESTRUCTION! ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTIGATION MISSION (EIM) IN MT. NEGRON AGHAM / CEC / KALIKASAN 20 JANUARY 2012 ST. SCHOLASTICA’S ACADEMY, SAN FERNANDO, PAMPANGA1234 Sample Street, Anytown, St. 12345 GREENFIEND
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN Outline • Objectives of the EIM • Biodiversity assessment • Inventory and assessment of flora and fauna using the Line Plot Sampling Technique • Agricultural assessment • Hydrologic and geologic assessment • Salient findings • Recommendations •LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN BIO-PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT OF MT. NEGRON Biodiversity assessment team (October 26-30, 2011) • Foresters – CEC Phils / KALIKASAN • Biology students – PUP Sta.Mesa • Physicist – AGHAM/PUP Sta.Mesa Geology, Hydrology and Agriculture team (December 9-12, 2011) • Geologists – AGHAM/UP NIGS • Agriculturist - AGHAMLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN OBJECTIVES OF THE EIM 3. To generate information that will provide scientific basis for the 1. To assess the biological possible impacts of diversity in Mt. Negron mining activities in the 2. To generate information that ecosystem of Mt. will be critical in the general Negron, considering also advancement of knowledge its effects in the life of on the diverse resources indigenous peoples found in the Mt. Negron living in the area.LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN BIODIVERSITY ASSESSMENT • Biodiversity greatly influence the stability of ecosystems found in the forests • hence has direct relevance to the sustainability of the ability of the forests to perform the various environmental goods and services (i.e., protection, soil and water conservation provision of basic needs and socio-cultural values) crucial to the societyLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN INVENTORY AND ASSESSMENT OF FLORA AND FAUNA 1. Transect Line-plot sampling technique following the - a transect which has been divided into two: North direction- seven 20 x 20 meter plots were made, with 100 meter interval between two plots. 2. Along the river - from the last plot (7th transect), following Satellite image with identified plots the river, four points along the transects established within have been Sitios Tapuac, Kundipit and Tappi, Mount Negron, Porac, Pampanga. established at 300 meters intervals eachLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN LIST OF TREES FOUND IN 7 PLOTS IN MT. NEGRON Local Name Scientific Name Family Abundance Karal Albizia procera Fabaceae 15 Pangkol Aralia bipinnata Araliaceae 5 Tui Bischofia javanica Phyllantaceae 7 Tebey Ficus nota Moraceae 4 Lagerstroemia 2 Manaba speciosa Lythraceae Binunga Macaranga tanarius Euphorbiaceae 5 Total 38LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN LIST OF REGENERATION OF TREES FOUND IN MT. NEGRON • 61 tree species with a total of 1189 individual regenerations • these include the sapling and wildlings-- show the possible vegetation of the area for the next 15 years • these species have important economic, medicinal, aesthetic and cultural uses that sustain the lives of the Aeta peopleLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN ECONOMIC USES OF TREES FOUND IN MT. NEGRON Behind the monetary values of trees, Aetas also regard the economic importance of trees in accordance to their use/ contribution in their daily lives such as – • providing lumber for shelter, (Dulit, Iwis, Pintog) • fuelwood (Kil-ong) • religious statues (Kato-kato) • even for making board games, Daros (Kamayong), and • guitar (Laniti)LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN MEDICINAL USES OF TREES FOUND IN MT. NEGRON Trees also play a vital role in providing remedies for a range of health problems, which is evident in their vibrant indigenous knowledge systems. Among these are— • Manaba that induces good menstrual flow • Nasala which promotes calmness • Maapatning that cures hearing problems • Bangaba which is known to relive ulcer • Binunga and Ala-ala which are both used by mothers to heal binat • Matangdilaw for eye problems • Nasapid that neutralizes gastric acidity • Nawnet for faster wound healing • Nato which aids in faster reccuperation, and • Tukay-tukay which encourages appetiteLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN TREES WITH SPECIAL USES • Karal’s (Albizia procera) sap are used as poison by dipping the tip of an arrow to kill the enemies or used when gathering or hunting food • “Tyasaas” is used for security purposes--the leaves of this tree produce sound when disturbed or touched thus serving as warning whenever somebody or someone is approaching • Kalasag or armor of the matutubang (warriors) are made of tree called “Tagipo” because of the strong properties of the tree in terms of protecting the warriors from enemies • “Pogipog” is considered as “wishing tree” for Aetas • Amoy-amoy and Kaawat, -emits foul odor --used as a natural insect-repellant • Mindagat’s sap exudates are used as a dyeLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN ANIMALS, BIRDS AND INSECTS IN MT. NEGRON • Plants in Mt. Negron provide a wide variety of needs by the animals • Total of 18 faunal orders under 11 classes (insects, bees, ants, cockroaches, frogs, toads, worms, birds, lizards, spiders, boars, bats) : play important roles in the ecosystem • Mt. Negron is already a disturbed area for animals, but further disturbance will destroy the habitat of the said faunaLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN AGRICULTURE IN MT. NEGRON Methodology • Soil analyses were conducted through rapid soil testing • Agrodiversity and soil texture were also evaluated • Location of the sampling sites was determined using GPS • Key informant interviews were also facilitated with the Aeta farmers for their farming practices • Comprehensive online research and review of related technical literatures were also made to substantiate the evaluation of the agricultural aspect of this EIM Area covered for agricultural assessment was Brgy. Camias with its three sitios: Patal, Inginglis and Kuyukut.LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE ..
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN SAMPLING POINTS FOR SOIL ANALYSESLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN Soil samples analyzed from the farming communities that will be directly affected by the mining operation Soil Sample Coordinates Type of (SS) vegetation Sitio Patal 15003’50.8 Pineapple, Taro (SS1) 120025’57.6 Sitio Patal 15003’50.8 Taro (SS2) 120025’57.6 Sitio Ininglis 15003’53.2 Corn, Kamote (SS3) 120024’97.5 Sitio Kuyukut 15004’03.0 Taro, Banana, (SS4) 120024’10.1 Jackfruit, Cassava, Beans, TobaccoLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN RESULTS OF RAPID SOIL TESTING Soil Soil pH N (%) P K Sample Texture Phosphorous (P) SS1 6.8 Low High Deficient Sandy • also a major factor in soil fertility SS2 6.8 Low High Sufficient Sandy • all soil samples derived SS3 6.0 Low High Sufficient Sandy from Brgy. Kamias have high phosphorous content SS4 4.8 Low High Sufficient Sandy On pH: • soil from Sitios Patal and Ininglis are within the Potassium (K) range of pH with optimum condition • presence of K in soil serves • soil sample from Sitio Kuyukut registered low pH as protection from leaching indicating that the soil is acidic • only the soil sample derived from Sitio Patal is deficient Nitrogen (N): from K, Ininglis and Kuyukut • four soil samples registered low N content (grown with gabi) have • N deficiency may be due to regular crop removal sufficient K content. during harvesting or leaching caused by heavy rains- plants will glow slow and smallLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN FARMING SYSTEM Upland farming is the common agricultural activity of the Aeta communities. In the parcel of land that they are cultivating, there are mixed vegetation that involves root crops, vegetables and trees No specific cropping pattern is being followed and their planting seasons are twice a year. People also rely on their harvest from the natural vegetation such as wild banana that they sell in the local market For food, they hunt wild pig and they also catch fish and other aquatic food during dry seasonLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN WATER TESTING Sampling stations were selected to represent the water quality of the main river and some of its tributaries On site measurements were done on the following parameters: Temperature, pH, Electric Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Turbidity, Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP) Measurements were made on the surface of the river, having three (3) repetitions for each parameter. Discharge of the river at each sampling station was also measured using a flow meter. Other sampling conditions were noted such as weather condition and date of sampling.LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN MAP OF SAMPLING POINTSLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN RESULTS OF WATER TESTING • Passed the DENR • High turbidity-- this Standard for fresh could be a result of surface water for pH, a high sediment Total Dissolved Solids input upstream of and Salinity (watershed the station 3 and protected areas) tributary due to disturbance of the soil within the vicinity of the reach.LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN GEOLOGIC FINDINGS Mount Negron is a potentially active volcano located at the boundary of 3 provinces- Zambales, Pampanga and Tarlac. • part of a chain of volcanoes-- West Luzon volcanic arc or Tri- Cabusilan Mountain Range (Mt. Cuadrado, Mt. Tayawan and Mt. Pinatubo) that lie along the western side of Luzon, within the tectonic setting of Western Bataan Lineament ((http://volcano.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/update_VMEPD/Volcano/VolcanoList/negron.htm)). • Mt. Pinatubo is the only considered active volcano in the area • Mt. Negron, Mt. Cuadrado, Mt. Mataba, Bituin plug, and Tapungho plug are ancestral satellite vents where ancient eruptions could have taken place. • Peaks like Mt. Negron, Mt. Cuadrado, Mt. Dorst, Mt. Tayawan and Mt. Donald are believed to have been part of Pinatubos original peak http://pubs.usgs.gov/pinatubo/newhall/index.html • The magma reservoir of Mt. Pinatubo extends south to Mt. Negron (http://www.unisdr.org/files/3004_fireandmud.pdf)LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN GEOLOGIC FINDINGS Downstream along Gumain River, indurated fluvial deposits lie on both sides of the channel— • thin to thickly bedded, alternating beds of clast- supported and matrix-supported, polymictic conglomerates • conglomerates -- fine to coarse sand sized matrix and pebble to cobble, subangular to subrounded clasts • clasts are andesites, porphyritic andesites and basaltic andesites • phenocrysts of severals clasts are amphibole, plagioclase and quartz.LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN GEOLOGIC FINDINGS Along a tributary in Sitio Bitak/Patumbol, several kilometers upstream, a massive, highly indurated pyroclastic flow deposit was observedLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN GEOLOGIC FINDINGS upstream in Sitio Kuyukot, loose pumice deposits of sand to pebble sizes can be observed, as well as in other areas along ridges. • along the river, upstream, highly fractured andesitic rocks bound the river-- mineralized but only pyrite was identified in the rock sample collected. • in some areas, the andesites are porphyritic, while others have been altered to clayLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN FINDINGS ON THE FLORA AND FAUNA (Based on the results of the floral diversity assessment particularly in trees, in the secondary and submarginal forests within Mt. Negron)The more diverse the vegetation, the more diverse thewildlife is and the greater the proportionality of thepopulations.• there is a total of 6 species of trees belonging to 6 families• future vegetation indicated by regenerations recorded having 61 species belonging to 23 families• despite the highly disturbed forests in the secondary and submarginal forests, tree species noted are highly significant to the lives of Aetas, for they possess indigenous uses which may not be known to non-AetasLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN SALIENT FINDINGS (Based on the results of the floral diversity assessment particularly in trees, in the secondary and submarginal forests within Mt. Negron)• the presence of wild boar, alamid and eagles show that forests in Mt. Negron are still potential for wildlife habitat (particularly for significant wildlife species). Further degradation and disturbance to the Mt. Abo ecosystem might cease the proliferation of such species• in the absence of good baseline information, it is conceivable that the original diversity and richness of flora in the areas now covered by secondary and submarginal forests are much higher than the estimates herein reported due to the degradation of the forests.LAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN SALIENT FINDINGS (Based on the results of the floral diversity assessment particularly in trees, in the secondary and submarginal forests within Mt. Negron)• mineral resources are not the only significant material but the biota inside the forest as well that sustain the life of the IPs from time immemorial• mining and logging activities can hasten degradation and depletion of these resources that can affect forest ecosystem and has large impact to the culture, social and economic well-being of the indigenous peopleLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN PRESERVING THE BIODIVERSITY AND WATERSHED IN MT. NEGRON 1. The Class AA Standard of water in Gumain River should be preserved for several uses: potable drinking, irrigation and other uses. Large-scale mining operations might contaminate the riverine system 2. Forest ecosystem must be enhanced for the sustainability of the various uses of forests: economic, medicine, cultural 3. Agricultural production can be optimized by diversified crop production and appropriate technologies that will bring back nutrients in soil 4. Activities that will hasten degradation and resources depletion must be preventedLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • Pangalagaan ang KALIKASAN Lasting solutions for the development of domestic economy, local agriculture and achieving economic self-sufficiency 1. Reject neo-colonial policies of globalization imposed by World Trade Organizations (WTO) (liberalization of mining) 2. Provide economic and political reforms to local agriculture 3. Strengthen the efforts to promote responsible mining, sustainable agriculture, modernization of agriculture within the framework of genuine agrarian reform and national industrializationLAND WATER AIR SOIL ENVIRONMENT TREES ANIMALS CROPS PLANTS TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE
  • REPEAL MINING ACT OF 1995! GREEN FIEND RESIST ENVIRONMENTAL PLUNDER AND DESTRUCTION! DEFEND MT. NEGRON FROM MINING PLUNDER!!1234 Sample Street, Anytown, St. 12345 GREENFIEND