SKIN CANCER PREVENTION California Skin Cancer Prevention Program May 4, 2012 Monterey, CA Dawn Nozicka-Ferris, MHSE MCHES Program Manager
How Common is Skin Cancer?• Most common form of cancer in California• Estimate 7,050 new cases and 925 deaths due to Melanoma in 2012.• One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in the course of a lifetime. 2
Three Types of Skin Cancer
Risk Factors• Know your personal risk factors Genetic health history relating to skin cancer If you have fair skin, light eyes and hair, freckles and numerous moles you’re at greater risk• Environmental Influence Water, Sand, Snow, Warm overcast days, Reflective materials
Prevention Tips1. Wear sunscreen2. Wear UV protective clothing3. Wear a hat4. Wear UV protective sunglasses5. Avoid direct sun exposure6. Limit sun exposure from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. (March – October)7. Find shade8. Beware of sun exposure near water, snow, and warm cloudy days9. Avoid tanning beds10. Know your moles
Remember Your ABCDE’s A -Asymmetry: One half unlike the other B- Border: Irregular, Scalloped of poorly defined borders C-Color: Varied from one area to another; shades of tan and brown, black; sometimes white , red or blue D- Diameter: Size of a pencil eraser E-Evolving: Changes in size, shape, or color
Treatment OptionsSurgery Radiation TherapyElectrodessication Cryosurgery Best treatment is PREVENTION!
SunscreenQ: What is SPF? A: Sun Protection FactorQ: How much SPF should I have in my sunscreen? A: At least SPF 15, which blocks 93% of UV rays. Q: When should I to apply sunscreen? A: 15 minutes before going outside. Q: When should I reapply sunscreen? A: At least every 2 hours. Q: What is broad-spectrum? A: Protect the skin from some UVA rays
Sunscreens or Sunblocks?Sunscreens use chemicals (avobenzone orbenzophenone) that filter and reduce thepenetration of UV radiation on your skin.Sunblocks contain chemicals (titaniumdioxide or zinc oxide) to block out the UVradiation. Waterproof is sunscreen that continues to block at the same SPF after 80 minutes of water exposure. Water-resistant is sunscreen that continues to block at the same SPF after 40 minutes of water exposure.