Factories act 1934, Pakistan Chapter 4 & 5
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Factories act 1934, Pakistan Chapter 4 & 5

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Factories act 1934, Pakistan Chapter 4 & 5 Factories act 1934, Pakistan Chapter 4 & 5 Presentation Transcript

  • FACTORIES ACT 1934 AFFAN ALI
  • CHAPTER IV RESTRICTIONS ON WORKING HOURS OF ADULTS
  • 34. Weekly hours.  No adult worker shall be allowed or required to work in a factory for more than forty-eight hours in any week, or, where the factory is a seasonal one, for more than fifty hours in any week :  Provided that an adult worker in a factory engaged in work which for technical reasons must be continuous throughout the day may work for fifty-six hours in any week.
  • Section No. 34  Explanation  NMT 48hours/Week  NMT 50hours/Week in Seasonal Factory  NMT 56hours/Week in case of Technical Work, continuous throughout the day
  • 35. Weekly holiday.  (1) No adult worker shall be allowed or required to work in a factory on a Sunday        unless (a) he had or will have a holiday for a whole day on one of the three days immediately before or after that Sunday, and (b) the manager of the factory has, before that Sunday or the substituted day, whichever is earlier (i) delivered a notice to the office of the Inspector of his intention to require the worker to work on the Sunday and of the day which is to be substituted, and (ii) displayed a notice to that effect in the factory : Provided that no substitution shall be made which will result in any worker working for more than ten days consecutively without a holiday for a whole day. (2) Notice given under section (1) may be cancelled by a notice delivered to the office of the Inspector and a notice displayed in the factory not later than the day before the Sunday or the holiday to be cancelled, whichever is earlier. (3) Where in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) any worker works on a Sunday and has had a holiday on one of the three days immediately before it, that Sunday shall, for the purpose of calculating the weekly hours of work, be included in the preceding week.
  • Section 35  Explanation  Sub Section 1: No work on Sunday except Holiday (tulla) on any one day out of three days before or after Sunday.  The manager has done two things  Informed the inspector by delivering a notice  Displayed the notice in factory    Sub Section 2: Notice given under sub sec 1 can be cancelled by same procedure Sub Section 3: Work on Sunday will be calculated with the previous week.
  • 35-A. Compensatory holidays.  (1) Where as a result of the passing of an order or the making of a rule under the provisions of this Act exempting a factory or the workers therein from the provisions of section 35, a worker is deprived of any of the weekly holidays for which provision is made by subsection (1) of that section, he shall be allowed, as soon as circumstances permit, compensatory holidays of equal number to the holidays so lost.  (2) The Provincial Government may make rules prescribing the manner in which the holidays for which provision is made in sub-section (1) shall be allowed.
  • Section 35 A  Explanation  Compensatory Holiday(s) will be given according to the circumstances  Provincial Government shall make the rules that how the compensatory holidays are to be given.
  • 36. Daily hours.  No adult worker shall be allowed or required to work in a factory for more than nine hours in any day :  Provided that a male adult worker in a seasonal factory may work ten hours in any day.
  • Section 36  Explanation  NMT 9 hours/Day  NMT 10 hours/Day in the case of seasonal Factory
  • 37. Intervals for rest  The periods of work of adult workers in a factory during each day shall be fixed either  (a) so that no period shall exceed six hours and so that no worker shall work for more than six hours before he has had an interval for rest of at least one hour; or  (b) so that no period shall exceed five hours, and so that no worker shall work for more than five hours before he has had an interval for rest of at least half an hour, or for more than eight and a half hours before he has had at least two such intervals.
  • Section 37  Explanation  NMT 6 hours of Continuous work is allowed unless a break of 1 hour is given OR   NMT 5 hours of continuous work is allowed unless a break of ½ an hour is given If the total work time is increased to MT 8 & ½ hours at least two breaks of ½ an hour should be given
  • 38. Spread over.  The periods of work of an adult worker in a factory shall be so arranged that along with his intervals for rest under section 37, they shall not spread over more than ten and a half hours, or where the factory is a seasonal one, eleven and a half hours in any day, save with the permission of the Provincial Government and subject to such conditions as it may impose, either generally or in the case of any particular factory.
  • Section 38  Explanation  Total time including rest time should not exceed 10 & ½ hours  Total time including rest time should not exceed 11 & ½ hours in the case of seasonal factory
  • 41. Register of Adult Workers. (1) The manager of every factory shall maintain a Register of Adult Workers, showing : (a) the name and age of each adult worker in the factory, (b) the nature of his work, (c) the group, if any, in which he is included, (d) where his group works on shifts, the relay to which he is allotted, and (e) such other particulars as may be prescribed : Provided that, if the Inspector is of opinion that any muster roll or register maintained as part of the routine of a factory gives, in respect of any or all of the workers in the factory, the particulars required under this section, he may, by order in writing, direct that such muster roll or register shall, to the corresponding extent, be maintained in place of and be treated as the Register of Adult Workers in that factory :  Provided further that, where the Provincial Government is satisfied that the conditions of work in any factory or class of factories are such that there is no appreciable risk of contravention of the provisions of this Chapter in the case of that factory or factories of that class, as the case may be, the Provincial Government may, by written order, exempt, on such conditions as it may impose, that factory or all factories of that class, as the case may be, from the provisions of this section.  (2) The Provincial Government may make rules prescribing the form of the Register of Adult Workers, the manner in which it shall be maintained and the period for which it shall be preserved.       
  • Section 41  Explanation  Register should be maintained which contain    Name, Age, nature of work, group (if any), area of work, or any other detailed as may be prescribed Any other register containing such information can be considered as register of adult workers if the factory is considered appropriate with the laws Provincial Government shall make rules that how to collect such information & how long to retain the information
  • 46. Special provision for nights-shifts.  Where a worker works on a shift which extends over midnight, the ensuing day for him shall be deemed to be the period of twenty-four hours beginning when such shift ends and the hours he has worked after midnight shall be counted towards the previous day :  Provided the Provincial Government may, by order in writing, direct that in the case of any specified factory or any specified class of workers therein the ensuing day shall be deemed to be the period of twenty-four hours beginning when such shift begins and that the hours worked before midnight shall be counted towards the ensuing day.
  • Section 46  Explanation  24 hours will be completed when the shift ends   Eg. Consider shift timing on 21/4/13 is 10pm - 6am, so his 24 hours will be till 6am 23/4/13, & the 6 hours i.e from 12 mid night to 6am will be calculated with the previous day (21/4/13) OR 24 hours will be completed when the shift begins  Eg. Consider shift timing on 21/4/13 is 10pm - 6am, so his 24 hours will be till 10pm 22/4/13, & the 6 hours i.e from 12 mid night to 6am will be calculated with the next day (22/4/13)
  • 47. Extra pay for overtime.            1) Where a worker (a) in a non-seasonal factory works for more than nine hours in any day or for more than fortyeight hours in any week, or (b) in a seasonal factory works for more than nine hours in any day or for more than fifty hours in any week, he shall be entitled in respect of the overtime worked to pay at the rate of twice his ordinary rate of pay. Explanation. - In this sub-section, ordinary rate of pay means all remuneration capable of being expressed in terms of money which would if the terms of the contract of employment, express or implied, were fulfilled, be payable to a worker in respect of his employment or of work done in such employment, but does not include (i) the value of any house-accommodation, supply of light, water, medical attendance or other amenity; (ii) any contribution paid by the employer to any pension fund or provident fund; (iii) any travelling allowance or the value of travelling concession ; or (iv) any gratuity, bonus or share in the profits of the factory. (3) Where any workers are paid on a piece-rate basis, the Provincial Government in consultation with the industry concerned may, for the purposes of this section fix time-rates as nearly as possible equivalent to the average rate of earnings of those workers, and the rates so fixed shall be deemed to be the ordinary rates of those workers for the purposes of this section. (4) The Provincial Government may prescribe the registers that shall be maintained in a factory for the purpose of securing compliance with the provisions of this section.
  • Section 47  Explanation  Overtime will be paid double the basic salary when a worker is working more than 9hrs/day or 48hours/week or in the case of Seasonal Factory more than 10hrs/day and 50hrs/week  Piece Rate: This system is also known as payment by results. When wages are paid on that basis of the output of the workers without considering the- time taken in performing work, it is termed as piece wage.  In the case of piece rate system provincial government may set the rules.  Registers should be maintained.
  • 47-A. Obligation to work overtime.  Any adult worker may be required to work overtime, provided that such working conforms to the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder.
  • Section 47 A  Explanation  Worker have to do over time if required and overtime is being paid to him and other provisions of the Act are being fulfilled.
  • 48. Restriction on double employment.  No adult worker shall be allowed to work in any factory on any day on which he has already been working in any other factory, save in such circumstances as may be prescribed.
  • Section 48  Explanation  If a worker is working 5 days a week in any factory he can not work in any other factory on these 5days.
  • 49. Control of overlapping shifts.  The Provincial Government may make rules providing that in any specified class or classes of factories work shall not be carried on by a system of shifts so arranged that more than one relay of workers is engaged in work for the same kind at the same time save with the permission of the Provincial Government and subject to such conditions as it may impose, either generally or in the case of any particular factory.
  • Section 49  Explanation  There should be a system that a more than one relay of workers should not do the same kind of work.  Until it is needed with the permission of Provincial Government
  • CHAPTER IV - A HOLIDAY WITH PAY
  • 49-B. Annual holidays.  (1) Every worker who has completed a period of twelve months continuous service in a factory shall be allowed, during the subsequent period of twelve months holidays for a period of fourteen consecutive days, inclusive of the day or days, if any, on which he is entitled to a holiday under sub-section (1) of section 35.  (2) If a worker fails in any one such period of twelve months to take the whole of the holidays allowed to him under sub-section (1), any holidays not taken by him shall be added to the holidays to be allowed to him under sub-section (1) in the succeeding period of twelve months, so however that the total number of holidays which may be carried forward to a succeeding period shall not exceed fourteen.  (3) If a worker entitled to holidays under sub-section (1) is discharged by his employer before he has been allowed the holidays, or if, having applied for and having been refused the holidays, he quits his employment before he has been allowed the holidays, the employer shall pay him the amount payable under section 49-C in respect of the holidays.
  • Section 49 B  Explanation  14 consecutive annual holidays should be given after completion of 12 months which include normal holidays or any compensatory holiday  Holidays that are not availed may be carried forward to next year.  If a worker is eligible for holidays and he quits the factory or fired should be paid for those days
  • 49-H. Casual leave and sick leave.  (1) Every worker shall be entitled to casual leave with full pay for ten days in a year.  (2) Every worker shall be entitled to sixteen days sick leave on half average pay in a year.
  • Section 49 H  Explanation  Other than annual holidays 10 days of casual leave with full pay and 16 days of sick leave with half pay should be given
  • 49-I. Festival Holidays.  (1) Every worker shall be allowed holidays with pay on all days declared by the Provincial Government to be festival holidays.  (2) A worker may be required to work on any festival holiday but one day's additional compensatory holiday with full pay and a substitute holiday shall be allowed to him in accordance with the provisions of section 35.
  • Section 49 I  Explanation  Festival Holidays should be given eg. Eids etc  One can work on these holidays but Should be given compensatory holidays  Full pay of the holidays 
  • CHAPTER V SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN
  • 50. Prohibition of employment of young children.  No child who has not completed his fourteenth year shall be allowed to work in any factory.
  • Section 50  Explanation  The minimum work age is 14 years
  • 51. Non-adult workers to carry tokens giving reference to certificates of fitness.  No child who has completed his fourteenth year and no adolescent shall be allowed to work in any factory unless  (a) a certificate of fitness granted to him under section 52 is in the custody of the manager of the factory, and  (b) he carries while he is at work a token giving a reference to such certificate.
  • Section 51  Explanation  If a child under 14 wishes to work in any factory must take a certificate from a surgeon stating that he has attained the physical standards necessary for the work.  The manager of the factory keeps the certificate and give a token to the worker
  • 54. Restrictions of the working hours of a child.  (1) No child shall be allowed to work in a factory for more than five      hours in any day. (2) The hours of work of a child shall be so arranged that they shall not spread over more than seven-and-a-half hours in any day. (3) No child or adolescent shall be allowed to work in a factory except between 6 a. m. and 7 p. m. Provided that the Provincial Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette in respect of any class or classes of factories and for the whole year or any part of it, vary these limits to any span of thirteen hours between 5 a. m. and 7.30 p.m. (4) The provisions of section 35 shall apply also to child workers, but no exemption from the provisions of that section may be granted in respect of any child. (5) No child shall be allowed work in any factory on any day on which he has already been working in another factory.
  • Section 54  Explanation  Child having certificate works NMT 5hrs/Day  NMT 7 ½ hrs/Day including rest  Between 6am to 7pm  Between 5am to 7:30pm in special cases  Not on Sundays (section 35)  Not in any other factory on the days working in one factory (section 48) 
  • 56. Register of Child Workers.  (1) The manager of every factory in which children are employed        shall maintain a Register of Child Workers showing (a) the name and age of each child worker in the factory, (b) the nature of his work, (c) the group, if any, in which he is included, (d) where his group works on shifts, the relay to which he is allotted. (e) the number of his certificate of fitness granted under section 52,and (f) such other particulars as may be prescribed. (2) The Provincial Government may make rules prescribing the form of the Register of Child Workers, the manner in which it shall be maintained and the period for which it shall be preserved.
  • Section 56  Explanation  Register should be maintained as in the case of adults but Register of child must have Certificate other than the particulars in the adult register
  • 58. Power to require medical examination.  Where an Inspector is of opinion  (a) that any person working in a factory without a certificate of fitness is a child or an adolescent, or  (b) that a child or adolescent working in a factory with a certificate is no longer fit to work in the capacity stated there in,he may serve on the manager of the factory a notice requiring that such person, or that such child or adolescent, as the case may be, shall be examined by a certifying surgeon or by a practitioner authorised under sub-section (2) of section 12, and such person, child or adolescent shall not if the Inspector so directs, be allowed to work in any factory until be has been granted a certificate of fitness or a fresh certificate of fitness, as the case may be.
  • Section 58  Explanation  The inspector if suspect may ask the manager of factory for examination of the worker from the certifying surgeon  Suspects may be Child or Adolescent  Less physical capability of doing such work   And the worker may or may not work according to the will of inspector until he gets permission from the surgeon.