Shooting Ourselves In The Foot


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Shaun Staunton outlines the research process and findings of a research project into the prevalence of prejudice in the LGBT community by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. This presentation was given at the AFAO HIV Educators' Conference 2008.

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  • Shooting Ourselves In The Foot

    1. 1. Shooting Ourselves in the Foot <ul><li>The prevalence of prejudice in the </li></ul><ul><li>LGBT community </li></ul><ul><li>by lesbian, gay, bisexual and </li></ul><ul><li>transgender people </li></ul><ul><li>Shaun Staunton </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>New community campaign called “One Community Celebrating Diversity” </li></ul><ul><li>Campaign topic </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudice towards lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people by other LGBT people in the community </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>For approximately 4 months QAHC collected the opinions, views and experiences of the community about this type of prejudice through an online survey </li></ul>
    4. 4. Methodology <ul><li>Online “survey monkey” survey </li></ul><ul><li>Recruited through dissemination of a survey link to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>QAHC contacts and email lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>service providers and interagencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pop-up window on QAHC website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution of postcards at LGBT venues and events directing people to QAHC surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation encouraged by the chance to win a CD voucher for taking part </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Demographics <ul><li>131 respondents </li></ul><ul><li>57.3 % male </li></ul><ul><li>41.2% female </li></ul><ul><li>0.8% transitioning from M to F </li></ul><ul><li>0.8% transitioning from F to M </li></ul>
    6. 6. Identification <ul><li>56.2 % gay </li></ul><ul><li>30.0 % lesbian </li></ul><ul><li>10.8 % bisexual </li></ul><ul><li>2.3 % transgender </li></ul><ul><li>6.2 % other </li></ul><ul><li>Average age 34.13 Years </li></ul>
    7. 7. Minority groups <ul><li>People were asked if they fit into a number of predefined “minority” groups </li></ul><ul><li>30.7 % identified as non-LGBT scene attached </li></ul><ul><li>29.1 % identified as lesbian </li></ul><ul><li>The third highest group was aged 50 or older at 6.3% </li></ul><ul><li>39.4% stated they didn’t belong to any minority groups </li></ul>
    8. 8. Does prejudice exist? <ul><li>90.5 % of people said that prejudice and discrimination within the LGBT community exists </li></ul>
    9. 9. Who was it directed at? <ul><li>Respondents were asked to identified who they saw prejudice directed toward </li></ul><ul><li>56.1 % saw it directed at those considered to be in the aged group </li></ul><ul><li>57.1 % saw it directed at the transgender community </li></ul><ul><li>46.9 % saw it directed at the lesbian community </li></ul>
    10. 10. Where did it occur? <ul><li>The top two sites were; </li></ul><ul><li>67 % identified at an LGBT nightclub </li></ul><ul><li>60.8 % identified in public </li></ul><ul><li>26.8 % identified other, including school and universities, online, at a workplace and in LGBT media </li></ul>
    11. 11. What form did it take? <ul><li>Ridicule by others directed toward a group or person was the most common form, at 68.4 % </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal abuse was next at 44.2 % </li></ul><ul><li>Unintentional exclusion at 44.2 % </li></ul>
    12. 12. Who experiences the most prejudice? <ul><li>The most discriminated against group was the transgender community with 60 % of people rating it as number one in terms of discrimination experienced </li></ul><ul><li>The second most discriminated against was the aged population with 41.1 % rating it as second </li></ul><ul><li>The third most discriminated against group was people with a disability, at 54.8 % </li></ul>
    13. 13. Direct discrimination <ul><li>Next we asked how many people had experienced discrimination directed at them because they belonged to a minority group </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>60 % of people had </li></ul><ul><li>experienced prejudice or </li></ul><ul><li>discrimination directed at them by </li></ul><ul><li>other members of the LGBT </li></ul><ul><li>community </li></ul>
    15. 15. What happened? <ul><li>44.1 % had experienced this prejudice “sometimes” </li></ul><ul><li>The majority identified that it occurred in an LGBT nightclub </li></ul><ul><li>The majority said that other people around them were “a little supportive” </li></ul>
    16. 16. What did people do? <ul><li>71.9 % ignored the experiences </li></ul><ul><li>56.1 % talked to family or friends about it </li></ul><ul><li>79.0 % of people said that they had never considered accessing a service to help them deal with their experiences of prejudice </li></ul>
    17. 17. Response from services <ul><li>46.2% of people accessing a service identified that the services they had accessed were very supportive and helpful </li></ul><ul><li>23.1% said that they were average in their support </li></ul><ul><li>15.4% said that they made the person feel worse </li></ul>
    18. 18. How do we prevent prejudice? <ul><li>75 % said that raising the visibility of groups will help reduce prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>83.9% said increasing knowledge and information about these groups in the community will help reduce prejudice </li></ul>
    19. 19. Which groups are least understood? <ul><li>The least understood group was the transgender community </li></ul><ul><li>The second least understood was the Asian community </li></ul><ul><li>The third least understood was the lesbian community </li></ul>
    20. 20. What are some barriers to reducing prejudice? <ul><li>Lack of education </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs and values </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of difference </li></ul><ul><li>Own opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Labels </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of media representation and support </li></ul><ul><li>Not mixing with diverse people </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on only looking after yourself and having fun </li></ul><ul><li>Preconceived ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of acknowledgment that LGBT’s can be prejudiced </li></ul><ul><li>Reluctance to speak up </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of funding to examine the issue </li></ul><ul><li>Self hate </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of community organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions about others </li></ul><ul><li>Cliques </li></ul>
    21. 21. How has this impacted on your life? <ul><li>Low self esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Being less open </li></ul><ul><li>Made people angry </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling excluded </li></ul><ul><li>The main identified outcome is a feeling of isolation, or even an intentional withdrawal from the LGBT scene </li></ul>
    22. 22. To summarise . . <ul><li>Prejudice does exist </li></ul><ul><li>It is often occurring in the spaces people go to for support and inclusion as LGBT people </li></ul><ul><li>The aged and transgender groups clearly came out as groups experiencing discrimination and prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>Lesbians and LGBT people with a disability also experienced significant levels of prejudice </li></ul>
    23. 23. To summarise . . <ul><li>Social and family networks were the key points of support </li></ul><ul><li>The primary outcome of discrimination in the LGBT community was social isolation and withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing knowledge and visibility were the key strategies in reducing prejudice </li></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>