Shooting Ourselves In The Foot
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Shooting Ourselves In The Foot

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Shaun Staunton outlines the research process and findings of a research project into the prevalence of prejudice in the LGBT community by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. This ...

Shaun Staunton outlines the research process and findings of a research project into the prevalence of prejudice in the LGBT community by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. This presentation was given at the AFAO HIV Educators' Conference 2008.

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Shooting Ourselves In The Foot Shooting Ourselves In The Foot Presentation Transcript

  • Shooting Ourselves in the Foot
    • The prevalence of prejudice in the
    • LGBT community
    • by lesbian, gay, bisexual and
    • transgender people
    • Shaun Staunton
    • [email_address]
  • Introduction
    • New community campaign called “One Community Celebrating Diversity”
    • Campaign topic
    • Prejudice towards lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people by other LGBT people in the community
    • For approximately 4 months QAHC collected the opinions, views and experiences of the community about this type of prejudice through an online survey
  • Methodology
    • Online “survey monkey” survey
    • Recruited through dissemination of a survey link to
      • QAHC contacts and email lists
      • service providers and interagencies
      • Pop-up window on QAHC website
      • Distribution of postcards at LGBT venues and events directing people to QAHC surveys
      • Participation encouraged by the chance to win a CD voucher for taking part
  • Demographics
    • 131 respondents
    • 57.3 % male
    • 41.2% female
    • 0.8% transitioning from M to F
    • 0.8% transitioning from F to M
  • Identification
    • 56.2 % gay
    • 30.0 % lesbian
    • 10.8 % bisexual
    • 2.3 % transgender
    • 6.2 % other
    • Average age 34.13 Years
  • Minority groups
    • People were asked if they fit into a number of predefined “minority” groups
    • 30.7 % identified as non-LGBT scene attached
    • 29.1 % identified as lesbian
    • The third highest group was aged 50 or older at 6.3%
    • 39.4% stated they didn’t belong to any minority groups
  • Does prejudice exist?
    • 90.5 % of people said that prejudice and discrimination within the LGBT community exists
  • Who was it directed at?
    • Respondents were asked to identified who they saw prejudice directed toward
    • 56.1 % saw it directed at those considered to be in the aged group
    • 57.1 % saw it directed at the transgender community
    • 46.9 % saw it directed at the lesbian community
  • Where did it occur?
    • The top two sites were;
    • 67 % identified at an LGBT nightclub
    • 60.8 % identified in public
    • 26.8 % identified other, including school and universities, online, at a workplace and in LGBT media
  • What form did it take?
    • Ridicule by others directed toward a group or person was the most common form, at 68.4 %
    • Verbal abuse was next at 44.2 %
    • Unintentional exclusion at 44.2 %
  • Who experiences the most prejudice?
    • The most discriminated against group was the transgender community with 60 % of people rating it as number one in terms of discrimination experienced
    • The second most discriminated against was the aged population with 41.1 % rating it as second
    • The third most discriminated against group was people with a disability, at 54.8 %
  • Direct discrimination
    • Next we asked how many people had experienced discrimination directed at them because they belonged to a minority group
    • 60 % of people had
    • experienced prejudice or
    • discrimination directed at them by
    • other members of the LGBT
    • community
  • What happened?
    • 44.1 % had experienced this prejudice “sometimes”
    • The majority identified that it occurred in an LGBT nightclub
    • The majority said that other people around them were “a little supportive”
  • What did people do?
    • 71.9 % ignored the experiences
    • 56.1 % talked to family or friends about it
    • 79.0 % of people said that they had never considered accessing a service to help them deal with their experiences of prejudice
  • Response from services
    • 46.2% of people accessing a service identified that the services they had accessed were very supportive and helpful
    • 23.1% said that they were average in their support
    • 15.4% said that they made the person feel worse
  • How do we prevent prejudice?
    • 75 % said that raising the visibility of groups will help reduce prejudice
    • 83.9% said increasing knowledge and information about these groups in the community will help reduce prejudice
  • Which groups are least understood?
    • The least understood group was the transgender community
    • The second least understood was the Asian community
    • The third least understood was the lesbian community
  • What are some barriers to reducing prejudice?
    • Lack of education
    • Beliefs and values
    • Fear of difference
    • Own opinions
    • Labels
    • Lack of media representation and support
    • Not mixing with diverse people
    • Lack of understanding
    • Focus on only looking after yourself and having fun
    • Preconceived ideas
    • Lack of acknowledgment that LGBT’s can be prejudiced
    • Reluctance to speak up
    • Lack of funding to examine the issue
    • Self hate
    • Lack of community organisation
    • Assumptions about others
    • Cliques
  • How has this impacted on your life?
    • Low self esteem
    • Being less open
    • Made people angry
    • Feeling excluded
    • The main identified outcome is a feeling of isolation, or even an intentional withdrawal from the LGBT scene
  • To summarise . .
    • Prejudice does exist
    • It is often occurring in the spaces people go to for support and inclusion as LGBT people
    • The aged and transgender groups clearly came out as groups experiencing discrimination and prejudice
    • Lesbians and LGBT people with a disability also experienced significant levels of prejudice
  • To summarise . .
    • Social and family networks were the key points of support
    • The primary outcome of discrimination in the LGBT community was social isolation and withdrawal
    • Increasing knowledge and visibility were the key strategies in reducing prejudice
    • Questions?