HIV knowledge, attitudes and use of health services among people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds
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HIV knowledge, attitudes and use of health services among people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds

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Henrike Körner and Augustine Asante report on a pilot study which seeks to survey periodically HIV knowledge, perceptions and use of health services among people from culturally and linguistically......

Henrike Körner and Augustine Asante report on a pilot study which seeks to survey periodically HIV knowledge, perceptions and use of health services among people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. This paper was presented at the AFAO HIV Educators Conference 2008.

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  • Data from Gay Community periodic surveys for gay men Australian Study of Health and Relationships – data for general population Asian Gay Men survey – BUT: no data about the general population from CALD background; And the majority of HIV infection in people who were born in non-English speaking countries is attributed to heterosexual contact

Transcript

  • 1. Henrike K örner Augustine Asante HIV knowledge, attitudes and use of health services among people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds
  • 2. What is the study about?
    • Aim:
    • To survey periodically HIV knowledge, perceptions and use of health services among people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds
    • Pilot study:
    • Is it possible to recruit sufficiently large samples for a behavioural survey?
    • Test questionnaire
  • 3.
    • Four priority communities:
    • 2 Asian (Thai, Cambodian)
    • 2 African (Ethiopian, Sudanese)
    • Recruitment target: 300
    • Total recruited: 286
    • recruited over a period of 4 months
    • Self-completed questionnaire: English or native language
  • 4. Age of respondents
  • 5. Gender
  • 6.
    • USE OF HEALTH SERVICES
  • 7. Frequency of using health services
  • 8. Views about routine health checks
  • 9. Potential barriers to using health services
  • 10. HIV knowledge and awareness
    • Level of HIV/AIDS knowledge and awareness:
      • High awareness across all communities - over 90% have heard about AIDS and HIV
      • Exception : Few Cambodians (15.5%) know about AIDS but not about HIV
    • Sources of HIV/AIDS information:
      • 82.9% - heard about HIV/AIDS recently from the media (radio, TV, newspapers & magazines)
      • 8.7% - heard about HIV/AIDS through friends/ relatives and community meetings
  • 11. Knowledge of HIV transmission & protection methods
  • 12. Perceptions of HIV infection risk (Who can get HIV?)
  • 13. Views about HIV testing and actual testing for HIV
  • 14. Stigma and Discriminations: Views about PLWHA
  • 15. How should people with HIV/AIDS be treated?
  • 16. Disclosure of HIV status
  • 17. HIV and shame
  • 18. Conclusion
    • Contrary to common believe, CALD communities are ready to engage with HIV prevention and social research into HIV
    • Essential: participation of ethnic communities in research process
    • Importance of native language to research participants
    • Heterogeneity of CALD communities and categories ‘Asian’ and ‘African’
  • 19. Acknowledgements
    • Tadgh McMahon, Wa’el Sabri, Barbara Luisi, Multicultural HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C Service
    • The Thai, Cambodia, Sudanese and Ethiopian co-workers of the Multicultural HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C Service
    • The Thai, Cambodian and African reference groups
    • The 286 participants who completed the questionnaire
    • NSW Health for funding