ADP's Education Strategy


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Established in 2004, the Association for the Development of Pakistan (ADP) is a volunteer-driven, engaged philanthropy organization that funds high impact development initiatives run by promising non-profits in Pakistan. ADP’s vision is to promote an engaged society that transforms lives by working with non-profits delivering strong results.

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ADP's Education Strategy

  2. 2. Introduction to ADP ADP’s vision is to promote an engaged society that transforms lives by working with non-profits delivering strong results. | 2
  3. 3. The Big Picture Educational Landscape at a Glance
  4. 4. The Big Picture - Enrollment • Almost 1/3 of Pakistan’s children are out of school • Nonprofits educate only ~3% of the country’s children Source: ADP estimates| 4
  5. 5. The Big Picture - Quality • Learning levels are poor across the board • On average private schools perform ~30% better than government schools Source: ASER| 5
  6. 6. The Big Picture - Cost • Pakistan cannot educate its children if it costs more than Rs 1,000/month to educate a child Average Private School (~ Rs. 400) •Govt •TCF •DIL •CARE (~Rs. 1k) Note: Assumes 54M children come from families that cannot afford to pay more than Rs. 250/mth •Beaconhouse •City School (Rs. 6k+)| 6
  7. 7. Smart Giving ADP’s Education Strategy
  8. 8. ADP’s Approach: Smart Giving Private Sector Public Sector Educate Society Evaluate private sector players and create awareness around the strengths and weaknesses of various models. Strengthen Promising Players • Rigorously select and partner with the most promising, smaller non-profits to help them scale, both through financial and non-financial assistance. Create informed citizens who understand the need to reform the public education system and the actions required to achieve it. • Make resources available to any school operator (non-profit or for-profit) looking to improve their operations; including lesson plans, teacher training resources, assessment tools and other best practices.| 8
  9. 9. ADP’s Approach: Smart Giving • We look for institutions providing quality education at a reasonable cost and with the potential to scale Key Criteria Teaching Approach  Teacher qualifications  Teacher and student attendance  Student / teacher ratios  Development, training and support Outcomes  English reading and comprehension  Urdu reading and comprehension  Math skills  Dropout and secondary enrollment rates Facilities  State of building & classrooms  Washrooms  Playground  Facilities (staffroom, furniture etc.) Community  Parental needs & attitudes  Parent and community involvement Cost  Operating Expenses  Capital Expenses  Funding sources  % of students on scholarships Initial Evaluation • • • • • • Data collection Management discussions Parent interviews Student assessment Site visit References Monitoring • • Quarterly reports Site visits| 9
  10. 10. ADP’s Approach: Smart Giving Non-financial Resources Areas of Support ADP’s Approach Teacher Training Develop partnerships with private and public training programs in order to make linkages between NGOs and the most suitable training offering Lesson Plans Review lesson plans used by the Punjab Education Reform, TCF, DIL and other leading organizations to extract material and develop user friendly lesson plans for partner schools Student Assessment • • • Management Systems Evaluate standardized assessment resources from larger public and private institutions to recommend tools for NGO partners ASER assessment tools to be used to compare basic learning outcomes against district, provincial and national survey data Goal is to help the organization, ADP and donors evaluate learning outcomes in a comprehensive and comparable manner Evaluate school processes and impart best practices on school administration and financial management underlying systems| 10
  11. 11. ADP’s Approach: Smart Giving Linkages Areas of Support ADP’s Approach Public Funding Generate awareness of programs run by the government (e.g. voucher scheme, NSP, FAS). Schools should be aware of the criteria and process of availing these services. ADP will also play an active role in linking partner schools with the PEF schemes Library Services Bright Star Mobile Library provides mobile learning facilities to low-income schools across Islamabad. Partner schools like PKSS can benefit immensely from such sources. Infrastructure Organizations like Buksh Foundation provide electricity to un-electrified areas across Pakistan. Government funds are also used to ensure that clean water and latrines are available in all public schools. Similarly NGOs provide vaccinations and other health facilities for free across Pakistan. ADP has a role to play in identifying organizations and linking them with partner schools to improve overall learning environments. Vocational Training While ADP is not investing resources in vocational training, it can help organizations network with those providing such facilities in order to assist students as they make the transition to the professional world Technology Connecting schools with IT services and digital learning. For example, The Reading Room targets low income school going children across Karachi and uses interactive digital resources to teach them Mathematics, Science and English. Khan Academy is another source.| 11
  12. 12. ADP’s Approach: Smart Giving Knowledge Sharing Goals Examples  Dissemination of best practices ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪  Opens community space and holistic dialogue as organizations network  Identifies scalable and impactful projects, thereby streamlining funding into the most fruitful initiatives  Knowledge transfer minimizes waste of resources as NGOs do not have to do work from scratch Learnings from ADP funded projects as well as others are shared Comparative ROIs for various institutions are shared Best non-profits that ADP identifies are marketed Pros and cons of various intervention models are made available Awareness is created about macro issues in the education sector User friendly online tools are available to donors and organizations to compare different models and understand best practices to help determine areas of intervention and their role in philanthropy| 12
  13. 13. From the Field Valuable Partnerships & Impact Stories
  14. 14. Impact • Over $155,000 (PKR 16+ million) invested in education • ADP funding has helped build and expand 10 schools across Pakistan • ADP donations have established 5 computer, science and electronic labs • The money invested is impacting over 4,000 students annually and generations to come|14
  15. 15. Superior Learning Outcomes Bunyad|15
  16. 16. Superior Learning Outcomes MHSF|16
  17. 17. Diverse Models ADP is working to identify the most promising solutions for different segments of need. Low Cost Private Schools (LCPS): These schools often deliver better quality education than government schools at a lower cost (< Rs. 500 per month). ADP partners like Bunyad Literacy Community Council (BLCC) and Amir Public School (APS) fall in this category. Higher cost, higher quality schools: Schools like those in the MHSF network charge relatively higher tuition fees (approximately Rs. 1,000-1,500) but on average perform better than lower cost public and private options. All teachers hold B.A degrees and receive one full year of teacher training. This is often a good model to deliver high quality education to the lower middle classes. Informal schools: Informal schools can be a good solution for nomadic populations such as those residing in katchi abadis (slums). In 2012, ADP funded the Pehli Kiran School System (PKSS), its first informal schooling partner. Public-private partnerships: We are evaluating models for private sector collaboration that can deliver better returns on the government’s education spending. This ranges from models where the government provides funding to a private school (e.g. through the Punjab Education Foundation) to organizations like PEN, that provide additional services and staff at government schools to improve their quality.| 17
  18. 18. Growth Capital In 2012, ADP funded CGI roofs, tiled floors and storage sheds for 1,000 ‘katchi abadi’ or slum children studying at the Pehli Kiran School System (PKSS) in Islamabad. The target community is nomadic and of both, Afghan and Punjabi descent. The original structures of the school consisted of bamboo and canvas sheets, which would fail to keep out rainwater, strong winds and termite attacks. The result was low attendance and enrollment and increased health problems. ADP funding is providing the students and teachers with a safe environment that encourages learning and creates a secure, adequate space for library books and teaching resources. The infrastructure has been carefully selected and is mobile in nature so that it can be relocated as per the community’s needs at minimum damage and cost, providing the children a long-term education plan.|18
  19. 19. Growth Capital In 2012, ADP funded SOS Rural Support Program to construct add 5 classrooms to its school in Kasur. Before ADP’s intervention, the school was catering to a hundred students over its capacity. Being the only girls school in the area, more and more female students were being turned away, resorting instead to child labour and early marriages. The expansion has allowed SOS to enroll an additional 150 students in this year alone! These previously “out-of-school” children are now being educated at a school which offers the same quality of education as elite private schools like Educators and DPS, but at far more affordable rates.|19
  20. 20. Growth Capital In 2011 and 2013, ADP funded M H Sufi Foundation (MHSF) to build 24 classrooms, an office and a washroom at two schools. The donations are supporting primary and secondary education for over 700 students in District Hafizabad. With learning outcomes, teacher qualifications and attendance rates well ahead of public and private schools in the area, MHSF schools are providing the only opportunity for high quality education to a rural population that is unable to afford the expensive alternatives.|20
  21. 21. Growth Capital In 2013, ADP funded Bunyad-e-Fatimah School, run by Bunyad Literacy Community Council (BLCC) for the construction of 3 new classrooms, 2 latrines, a boundary wall, electricity wiring, a motor and hand pump and the furniture. 141 students are benefitting from the investment. The school is expanding from primary to secondary level and serves as the only girls secondary school in the area. Until now most girls have been forced to drop out after class 5, often ending up working or marrying young. The lack of clean drinking water and electricity has also created serious health problems for the students and teachers. ADP funding is changing that.|21
  22. 22. Current Partners The JAQ Trust operates non-formal community based schools under the Pehli Kiran Schools (PKSS) brand and offers educational scholarships to support continuing education of students in the formal secondary school system. The Amir Public School, operated by Nia Ujala, has been running for the last thirty years and all education related facilities are provided free of cost to the children. Special emphasis is given to girls education, which is often sidelined in the area. Founded in 1996 Location: Islamabad # of students: 1,307 Cost/Student: Rs. 252/month Founded in 1980 Location: Gujrawala District, Punjab # of students: 230 Cost/Student: Rs. 432/month The M.H Sufi Foundation runs twelve high quality schools in Hafizabad, a rural district in Punjab. School fees are set at the actual cost incurred by the foundation, thus creating a sustainable and scalable model for educating the lower middle class. Founded in 1994 Location: Hafizabad District, Punjab # of students: 4,400 Cost/Student: Rs. 1,473/month The SOS Rural Support Program emphasizes Education, Livelihood Enhancement and Protection, Human and Institutional Development, Physical Infrastructure and Social Mobilization. It has set up some of the only girls schools in Kasur, increasing female enrolment by a substantial amount. Founded in 1990 Location: Kasur, Punjab # of students: 2,650 Cost/Student: Rs. 455/month|22
  23. 23. Key Observations Our diligence has highlighted critical areas that need to be addressed when supporting an education program. These include: Community mobilization & participation: It is essential that communities are involved and take ownership in one way or the other for a project to be successful. This has proven to be specially important in the case of female education and lowering drop out rates. Student assessment must look beyond board & matric exam results: ADP has partnered with the Annual Status of Education Report team (ASER) and is using their tested student assessment tools to gauge the quality of education in partner schools. Non-financial support: It is important to go beyond traditional funding and extend non-financial support to our partners. This includes educating them about best practices and offering resources such as teacher training programs, linkages with public funding sources, lesson plans and student assessment tools to bring an overall improvement in the education they deliver. The cost of education will determine how many get educated: ADP research has shown that one third of Pakistan’s children are out of school and in order to deliver education to each of them, school operating costs need to be reasonable.| 23
  24. 24. Thank you @developpakistan