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Satyagraha Legacy Tour of South Africa

Satyagraha Legacy Tour of South Africa



Led by Arun Gandhi, 5th grandson of Mahatma Gandhi ...

Led by Arun Gandhi, 5th grandson of Mahatma Gandhi

“While Nelson Mandela is the father of South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi is our grandfather,” Harris Majeke, South Africa’s ambassador to India, said at a recent public gathering. “Mandela was inspired by the Satyagraha campaign led by Gandhi. It was a compelling act of passive protest against oppression. This would later inspire the formation of the African National Congress and strengthen Mandela’s belief in our shared humanity.”

As Gandhi scholar David Hardiman points out, Mandela never ceased regarding Gandhi as an inspiration, and, in fact, saw nonviolence as an integral part of the movement. “Violence and nonviolence are not mutually exclusive; it is the predominance of the one or the other that labels a struggle,” Mandela said.

Nelson Mandela said: “India sent a man to South Africa and we sent back a Mahatma Nelson Mandela said: India sent a man to South Africa and we sent back a Mahatma.”



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    Satyagraha Legacy Tour of South Africa Satyagraha Legacy Tour of South Africa Document Transcript

    • Satyagraha Legacy Tour of South Africa May 31 – June 14, 2014 Gandhiji, as a satyagrahi, in South Africa http://www.gandhiforchildren.org/gandhi http://www.gandhiforchildren.org/gandhi-india-tours/category/itinerary/legacytoursa/ tours/category/itinerary/legacytoursa/ Led by Dr. Arun Gandhi www.arungandhi.net 1
    • Day 1: May 31 2014 Fly into Durban International Airport Arrive in Durban International Airport, South Africa and transfer to the Protea Hotel Umhlanga to rest after the journey and have dinner followed by a presentation by tour leader Arun Gandhi and an introduction by guide on what to expect from the next few days. This opening occasion will be celebrated with a traditional Durban meal in a private venue. Mahatma Gandhi (Bapu) first arrived in South Africa in May 23, 1893. Mahatma Gandhi (Bapu) spent 21 years in South Africa Gandhi’s concept and technique of Africa. non-violence (Satyagraha) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satyagraha originated in South Africa. The account of Bapu’s twenty-one years in which his influence was fundamental to the one development of the whole freedom struggle. To know that history is to understand the history of the present moment. To understand its significance for peace, not only in South Africa, but in the world, is an essential duty for all who care about the future of our planet earth. Bapu stated he was born in India but was made in South Africa. Nelson Mandela said, "South Africa received him as MK Gandhi and returned him a to India as Mahatma Gandhi." Accommodations: Protea Hotel Umhlanga Meals Dinner At 7:30 PM the group will meet Dr. Arun Gandhi Meals: Satyagraha Legacy Tour 2014 CostUS$4520.00 per person sharing a room Tour itinerary does not include airfare Sign-up Deadline 2/28/2014 up 2
    • Day 2: June 1: South African Historical Overview : Today we explore some of the broader aspects of South African history because it is important to put the country into perspective with regards to the challenges faced today as we continue to reconcile our past struggle with the current one. Few names conjure up more powerful images than that of the: Zulu “King” Shaka, Dr. John Dube, Albert Luthuli, MK Gandhi, and Mandela , The sheer mention of the name Zulu has resounded throughout colonial Natal and across the Western world, and the story of this people’s fearlessness and iron fired discipline has become the stuff of legend. The people were transformed from being a minor, insignificant clan into a mighty nation and finally –an empire under the chieftainship of the famous warrior –King, Shaka. This nation was an to strike fear into the hearts of neighboring tribes. We visit Shaka’s last great military citadel and the site of his grave where he was assassinated by his half brother Dingane. Your guide will keep you enthralled with tales of this incredible nation whilst you marvel at the scenery and of daily village life unfolding before your very eyes. 3
    • We move onto the home (and museum) of Africa’s first recipient of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1960 and the President of the African National Congress – Chief Albert Luthuli - a giant of a leader, way ahead of his time. He had been arrested on a charge of high treason, released and then repeatedly banned and arrested. The home in Groutville, KwaDukuza reflects a highly emotive period in South Africa’s history Luthuli’s ecclesiastical tradition, Congregationalism, imbedded within him the the primacy of democracy, education and multirationalism propelling him to the heights of political leadership. It’s a short drive to the Ohlange Institu a school founded in 1900 by John Dube, first Institute, President of the African National Congress. Visitors to the Institute will see where Nelson Mandela cast his vote in the first ever democratic elections in 1994. Find out more about Dube in the museum dedicated to his life and legacy, and pay their dedicated respects to this great man at his grave site and monument. The nearby Inanda Seminary, established in 1869, was the first secondary school founded exclusively for African girls in southern Africa. The beautiful and highly secure educational environment is a verdant oasis in ful the sprawling Inanda Township. The active campus educates close to four hundred students amongst ten historic buildings, the oldest being Rev. Daniel Lindley’s mission house, built in 1858. Many of South Africa’s most 1858. powerful and influential women in government, business and the non profit world received non-profit their education at this school during the height of Apartheid. All of the above sites have a clear link with Sir Marshall Campbell who had previously owned the land. 4
    • Summary Southern African historical overview visiting: Home (and museum) of Chief Albert Luthuli The Phoenix Property and the family home, Sarvodaya (Welfare of All) Ohlange Institute founded by the Reverend John Langalibale Dube: Langalibalele Dube’s settlement included a school and training facilities for various trades. Reverend Dube co-founded the Natal Native Congress in 1900 and which became the African National Congress founded (ANC) in 1912 Brief on pre-history Australopithecus africanu (southern ape-man) & Homo sapiens; firsthistory africanus man) first nation San/Bushman; Arrival in south-eastern region of iron age man; emergence of the amaZulu; European arrivals; eastern iron-age Indentured labor with the first Indians arriving on the SS Truro and the arrival in Durban of a young, British trained attorney. Accommodations: Protea Hotel Umhlanga http://www.proteahotels.com/hotels/Pages/protea http://www.proteahotels.com/hotels/Pages/protea-hotel-umhlanga.aspx Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner Dinner: Kashmir, Umhlanga Rocks 5
    • Day 3: June 2 1906 Gandhi's Move to Phoenix Settlement After breakfast at the hotel we will board our vehicle and travel to visit Durban Waterfront where Mahatma Gandhi would of come in on the S. S. Safari. Enjoy a . moment to envision what it was like when Bapu first arrived from Bombay on the boat after his long journey. Along the way enjoy glimpses of the breathtaking views of the king "Golden Mile" coastline. We will visit the Harbor area (Mahatma Gandhi Road) where Gandhi first arrived May 23, 1893. We will see Cato Creek area where the crowd of white artisans gathered on January 13, 1897 to prevent Indian passengers of the Courland & Naderi from disembarking. Gandhi was advised to disembark separately along Cato Creek and where he was assaulted by the crowd. Visit Durban Magistrate's Courts (Old Court n House Museum) erected in 1866, the first place Gandhi visited when he arrived to South Africa as a young lawyer. The Old Court House Museum in Durban is one of the oldest buildings around and has witnessed many of South Africa’s important events. On May 23 1893, Gandhi was taken by Dada Abdullah to the Courts so that he could be acquainted with local legal procedures. The turban saga and the spat with the magistrate unfold... 6
    • We visit the old Durban Railway Station Build Building. It was at this site that Gandhi embarked on June 7 1893 on the fateful train journey that, in later years, he regarded as having changed the course of his life. See Ferguson's corner - where Gandhi's legal practices w were based between 1895 and 1896. Next we travel to the Phoenix Settlement and visit some of the Gandhi Development Trust’s projects focusing on education. The Trust works within the local community to promote Gandhian principles in education. They produce a monthly newspaper and organize conferences and events where these principles and teachings are explored. “Gandhi: True Education; What is the meaning of education? It simply means a knowledge of letter. It is merely an instrument, and an instrument may be well used or abused. Therefore, whether you take elementary education or higher education, it is not required for the main thing. It does not make men of us. It does not enable us to do our duty. In its place it can be of use and it has its place when we have brought our senses under subjection and out our ethics subjection on a firm foundation. Our ancient school system is enough. Character building has the first place in it and that is primary education. A building erected on that foundation will last.” 7
    • June 2, 1906 The MK Gandhi family moves to the Phoenix Settlement. Today our visit to oday the Phoenix (Ashram) Settlement coincides with the anniversary date of the MK Gandhi family move-in date. Lunch: Gandhi Development Trust - Meet with the Gandhi Family members to engage a discussion about the principles of Satyagraha and Gandhiji's South African history. e After a morning learning about the Trust followed by lunch, we will visit some historic sites associated with Gandhi’s time in South Africa. The period Gandhi spent in South Africa has often been described as his spiritual and political apprenticeship because it was within the n contract of South African political and social life that Gandhi developed his philosophy and practice of Satyagraha from his law practice at 326 326-328 Smith Street, Durban. We visit Gandhi’s home at Phoenix Settlement, established in December 1904 on a farm approximately 26 kilometers from Durban. Gandhi purchased the 100 acres, with a spring and a few oranges and mango trees for 1000 pounds. ges This home has a very spiritual feel and we visit the building that housed his printing press from which he published The Indian Opinion. This is the home Arun Gandhi, Ela Gandhi and their older sister Sita were raised by Gandhi’s second son Manilal Gandhi and his wife Sushila. http://www.gandhiforchildren.org/gandhi http://www.gandhiforchildren.org/gandhi-india-tours/manilal-gandhi-legacy/ The Phoenix Settlement established by Mahatma Gandhi is on the north western edge of Inanda about 25km from central Durban. It is comprised of 100 acres of land with several main buildings clustered together on a small hill known as the Apex area. Throughout its long ildings history, the Settlement played an important role both from the spiritual and political of view, in promoting justice, peace and equality. The Settlement was an experiment in communal living, a way to eliminate one's needless ent possessions and to live in a society with full equality. Gandhi moved his newspaper, the Indian Opinion, and its workers to the Phoenix Settlement as well as his own family a bit later. Besides , a building for the press, each community member was allotted three acres of land on which to ilding 8
    • build a dwelling made of corrugated iron. In addition to farming, all members of the community were to be trained and expected to help with the newspaper. The Main Buildings of the Phoenix Settlement that Mahatma Gandhi are: • International Printing Press • Mahatma Gandhi Museum and Library • Mahatma Gandhi Health Clinic • Kasturba Gandhi Primary School • 'Kasturbavahn' the house built and lived in by Gandhi's son Manilal and wife Sushila, their children Sita, Arun and Ela. • 'Shanti' built by the Girl Guide Movement 9
    • The Gandhi Development Trust is an organization promoting the Gandhian philosophy in the country and internationally in order to create a better world. Further interaction and discussion about the principles of Satyagraha with the tour participants. We return to dinner at the Protea Umhlanga Hotel. Accommodations: Protea Umhlang Hotel Umhlanga Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner : Evening: Lecture/Talk with Arun Gandhi, Ela Gandhi and special invited guest Arun Gandhi Durban Leela: http://arungandhi.net/arun http://arungandhi.net/arun-gandhi-leela-john-wayne wayne-durban/ Ela Gandhi Huff Gandhi's Granddaughter http://arungandhi.net/gandhis-grandaughter/ Granddaughter: grandaughter/ Ela Gandhi Huff Gandhi, Mideast, South Africa http://arungandhi.net/ela-gandhi-gandhi-mideast Africa: mideast-south-africa/ 10
    • Day 4: June 3 Aryan Benevolent Home Council 3: After Breakfast we have a planned visit to the International Center of Nonviolence (ICON) in Durban, South Africa. “ICON seeks ways of developing a culture of nonviolence. Such a culture is much more ICON than the avoidance of violence. It challenges imbalances of power, based on race, gender and other identities. It entails that we address the inequalities of wealth in society. It requires and contributes to a context of sustainable development. The role of education in schools and universities is central in building such a society. ICON is based in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, on the ML Sultan campus of the Durban Universit of Natal, University Technology (DUT). It has a close relationship with DUT, as there is a Memorandum of Agreement that commits both ICON and DUT to collaborative work to mainstream nonviolence into the curricula of DUT DUT.” After our visit to ICON we will have lunch and then early afternoon we visit Aryan Benevolent Home Council an NGO committed to Caring, Sharing, Serving. The Aryan Benevolent Home Council is a registered non profit non-profit organisation which takes care of children, elderly and physically or mentally disabled people who have no one else to provide for their needs regardless of race or religion. Aryan Benevolent Home Council provides holistic care by meeting the physical, social, medical, educational, spiritual and other needs of those educational, who turn to the organization. Their services include residential homes for the aged, disabled and children, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, Psycho-psychiatric services and other paramedical services. psychiatric They run Day Care centers sheltered workshops, and other community outreach programs, aimed at uplifting their community and promoting independence and dignity among all its r members. Aryan Benevolent Home Council began its important work operating out of a wood and iron house in wood Cato Manor over 80 years ago. The organization has grown to embrace numerous homes, a nursing school and branches in the Western Cape, Gauteng and Umzinto and Glencoe in KwaZulu KwaZulu-Natal. th Evening of June 3 or 4 Lecture by Arun Gandhi Ela Gandhi, and special invited guest Gandhi, Accommodations: Protea Hotel Umhlanga Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner 11
    • Day 5: June 4 Visit Child Welfare Phoenix 4: Visit a Gandhian sustainable development center in South Africa focusing on the involvement of poor people in livelihoods promotion, institutional capacity building of NGOs and civil society development. Today we will make a visit to the Child Welfare Phoenix: http://phoenixcommunitycenter.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=59&Itemid=74 //phoenixcommunitycenter.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=59&Itemid=74 Presentation Schedule, Snacks and Tea The Phoenix Child & Family Welfare Society is committed to providing services and resources for the protection of children and preservation of families through developmental programs in preservation the communities of Phoenix and Inanda. Phoenix Child Welfare is one of the tenth largest welfare organizations in the country. The society is affiliated to Child Welfare South Africa and is a member of Ubuntu Community Chest. member 12
    • We will visit the Mariannhill Monastery near Pinetown which was establish by Roman Catholic monks over 100 years ago, and is a local landmark with striking architecture. The Monastery is involved in the development of the surrounding communities, has an art gallery featuring the works of the local artist and a fascinating museum detailing the monastery’s rich history. Mahatma Gandhi used to pay visits here and gained his inspiration to live a more simple life. He learned to the importance of making things by your own hands, this is where he learned to make sandals. Ela Gandhi speaks more about Gandhiji's time at Mariannhill Monastery http://mariannhillmonastery.org.za/the http://mariannhillmonastery.org.za/the-inspiration-of-mariannhill-monastery/ http://www.gandhiforchildren.org/gandhi http://www.gandhiforchildren.org/gandhi-india-tours/gandhiji-mariannhill-monastery/ monastery/ Stephen Bantu Biko, Founder of the Black Consciousness Movement attended secondary school at Mariannhill Monastery. In 1964, he was admitted to St. Francis College, a missionary school College, situated in Mariannhill Montastery, and this is where he became focused on exploring the contradictions between Christian liberal teachings and the experience of black people. Accommodations: Protea Hotel Umhlanga Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner 13
    • Day 6: June 5 Valley of the Thousand Hills 5: We will be visiting select NGOs aligned in Gandhian principles that are focused on the involvement of people living under the poverty line in South Africa. The Valley Trust http://www.thevalleytrust.org.za/ The Valley Trust is a Center for Health Promotion founded in 1953 in the Valley of Thousand Hills in KwaZulu Natal, but now working throughout the province. Its vision is to build communities in which people take responsibility for improving their own health and quality of life within a democratic society. alth 14
    • They do this by design and engagement in integrated processes with people, aimed at bringing about developmental changes at the individual, organizational, and whole systems levels. They believe All people have potential All people have choices All people have equal rights Good health and sustainable development require positive interactions between people in their environments. The Valley Trust Programs: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Promotion of Child Health and Development Pr Program Valley Youth Leadership Development Program Health Communication Program Orphaned and Vulnerable Children Project Health Referral System Strengthening Project Integrated and Sustainable Livelihoods Program Participatory Video Program Older Programs We will travel through Botha Hills home to many talented artists and crafters, who work in a variety of mediums, from wood, metal and clay to glass beads, fabrics and wax. Many of these crafters and artist started along the 1000 Hills route. Studios and galleries are open to visitors ted so we can see how products are created and purchase work that is unique to the area. Community development is a major focus in the area. The Valley Trust has been involved in uplifting rural communities for over 50 years, and is a model of excellence for development initiatives throughout Africa. Accommodations: Protea Umhlanga Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner 15
    • Day 7: June 6 Travel to Pietermartizburg 6: Travel distance between Durban and Pietermartizburg - 41 miles | 67.58 km After breakfast, pack luggage, check out and load onto bus. Continue to visit local communities with the focus on social problems in South Africa. Return to the hotel for lunch. Once check-out formalities have been completed, we transfer to Durban Station for the train out journey to the Victorian Railway Station in Pietermaritzburg – political capital city of Kwa Zulu Natal. The station is infamous for officials ordering the Mahatma off of the train to Pretoria – Gandhi regarded this incident as having changed the course of his life. Our coach travels to Pietermaritzburg , meeting up with us at the Station and transferring us to our hotel. Train departs Durban - 19h15 Arrives in Pietermaritzburg - 21h26 Dinner & Overnight Accommodations: Protea Imperial http://www.proteas.com/s/Pages/protea http://www.proteas.com/s/Pages/protea-imperial.aspx 16
    • Day 8: June 7 1893 Retracing Gandhi's Footsteps Coach transfer this morning to revisit the station in daylight. Walk through the station and visit the bronze statue honoring Gandhi on Church Street, in the city center. Prepare for the journey that follows Gandhi's footsteps on the train from Durban to are follows Johannesburg, to the exit of the stop where he was tossed out of the train because of his color. An important moment in his history that changed the course of his life forever. A brief stop will changed allow you to get a feel for what Gandhi experienced when he was expelled from the train at this when he questioned the segregation of non non-whites and whites on the journey. Mahatma Gandhi (Bapu) first arrived in South Africa in May 1893. He had only been in South ) Africa for about a week when he was asked to take the long trip from Natal to the capital of the Dutch-governed Transvaal province of South Africa for his case. It was to be a several day trip, governed including transportation by train and by stagecoach. When Bapu boarded the first train of his journey at the Pietermartizburg station, railroad officials told Bapu that he needed to transfer to the third-class passenger car. When Bapu, who was ho class holding first-class passenger tickets, class refused to move, a policeman came and threw him off the train. Bapu was kicked off of the train in South Africa on June 7 1893 due to racism and where he was left shivering in the cold through the night at the station. 17
    • The young Gandhi was unaware of the racial prejudices existing in South Africa at that time. This was his first bitter experience of racism in South Africa and as he said later this experience transformed his life. Harsh experiences like these firmly planted the seeds of resistance in him against race discrimination. In 1899, Gandhi formed the voluntary Indian Ambulance Corp after calling on Indians who demanded full citizenship, to support the war effort. We will continue to Spioenkop battle site where we learn about the Anglo re Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) and the Gandhi/Indian history. 1902) Gandhi Boer War 1899 in the uniform of a warrant officer of the Indian Ambulance Corps. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Spion_Kop Note: August 5, 1962, Nelson Mandela was arrested in the nearby town of Howick to the north of Pietermaritzburg. The arrest marked the beginning of Nelson Mandela's 27 years of imprisonment. A small monument has been erected at the location of his arrest. Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner : Lunch en-route, arrive in Johannesburg in early evening and check into hotel. Accommodations: Protea Balalaika Sandton: http://www.balalaika.co.za/ 18
    • Day 9: June 8 Retracing Apartheid History 8: Today we will visit the Apartheid Museum and Soweto to learn some more about South Africa’s struggle for freedom from racial injustice. The Apartheid Museum illustrates the rise and fall of apartheid. In order to understand what apartheid South Africa was really like a visit to this museum is an important stop. The museum shows how South Africa came to terms with its oppressive past and works towards a future that all South Africans call their own. Museum, From there, we will visit the Hector Pieterson Museum in Soweto, two blocks away from where Hector Pieterson was shot and killed. The museum is named in his honor. Our next stop is Soweto an urban area of the city Johannesburg. The area is mostly composed of old "matchbox" houses, or four room houses built by the government, that were built to four-room provide cheap accommodation for black workers during apartheid. Steve Biko and the BCM 19
    • played a significant role in organizing protests which culminated in the Soweto Uprising June 16, 1976. Nelson Mandela lived in Soweto ( (South Western Township) for many years. We will ) have lunch in Soweto before we travel back to Joha Johannesburg. We will return to Johannesburg via Gandhi Square where there is a statute of young Gandhi in downtown Johannesburg, close to where Bapu had his offices and the site of the original law courts. At one point Gandhi also lived for a time behind hi law office. Gandhi used to his patronize this early Johannesburg restaurant located in central Johannesburg, close to Gandhi’s’ office called Alexandra Tea Room. We will see the Hamidia Mosque the site of the first act of Gandhi’s Satyagraha campaign. The burning of registration certificates in mass by 3000 Muslims, Hindus and Christians in resistance to the requirement that all Asian’s carry identity certificates. Our next visit Constitution Hill, the current house of parliament and Johannesburg’s Old Fort , Prison, a jail where Gandhi and Nelson Mandela were both held. Also commonly known as , Number Four, where thousands of ordinary people were brutally punished before the dawn of democracy in 1994. We then meet the organizers of Graca Machel Trust and visit the property site for their new hospital project Nelson Mandela Children's Hospital Hospital. 20
    • Nelson Mandela and Graca Machel "The Graça Machel Trust is a platform to embrace, nurture, enable and inspire women and children to soar to the fullest of their potential. It consolidates the work of its founder, Mrs Graça Machel and seeks to build her legacy, empower new generations to take up the legacy, challenges of their times and create caring societies that value social justice. Leveraging her access to key national, regional and global networks and champions, the Trust amplifies the voices of those who otherwise might not be heard in certain spaces." Graça Machel otherwise Recently, Arun Gandhi was honored by and accepted an invitation from former South Africa First Lady Mrs. Graca Machel to lend his support to Nelson Mandela’s final and perhaps most desired legacy, a better health and medical care for the children of Africa. After our meeting, we will visit a companion museum to the Hector Pieterson Museum nearby is Mandela House, the former home of Nelson Mandela and his family, which has been run as a , museum since 1997. From there we will drive pass the homes of Nobel Peace Prize winners Former President Nelson Manadela, Archbishop Desmond Tutu and the Nelson Mandela n Foundation. We will be meeting with leaders from the Steve Biko Foundation, a community development organization inspired by the legacy of Bantu Stephen Biko. "Black is Beautiful" Steve Biko was an anti-apartheid activist in South Africa in the 1960s and 1970s. He was born in apartheid East Cape Town, a medical student who became active in apartheid in 1960 when he was studying medicine. He founded the Black Consciousness Movement which empowered and 21
    • mobilized much of the urban black population. Biko was arrested on Aug 18, 1977 in Cape Town. He died in police custody September 12, 1977, in Pretoria, South Africa. Steve Biko 1945 – 1964 The Early Years A beautiful quote from the Early Years presentation: “At the heart of the Black Consciousness Movement is the realization by blacks that the most realization potent weapon in the hands of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed. If one is free at heart, no man-made chains can bind one to servitude but if one’s mind is so manipulated and made controlled by the oppressor then there will be nothing the oppressed can do to scare his powerful masters.” Steve Biko, I Write What I Like Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner Stephen Biko leadership joins us for dinner. We will dine dinner, dinner with the Biko Foundation representatives at the highly rated Indian restaurant in Johannesburg called Swad Accommodations: Protea Balalaika Sandton http://gracamacheltrust.org/ www.nelsonmandelachildrenshospital.org http://arungandhi.net/nelson-mandela mandela-childrens-hospital/ http://www.sbf.org.za/Main_Site/biko http://www.sbf.org.za/Main_Site/biko-bio http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Consciousness_Movement http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/#!exhibit:exhibitId=AQq1 http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/#!exhibit:exhibitId=AQq1-VUP 22
    • Day 10: June 9 A Day In Pretoria, South Africa 9: In 1894 Gandhi helped found the Natal Indian Congress, to unify local Indians into a political force, and became the first secretary. In September of the same year, Gandhi became the first Indian to be enrolled as an Advocate of the Supreme Court of Natal. Gandhi felt firsthand what it was like to be discriminated upon, he struggled to find a hotel in Johannesburg and the Grand National Hotel would not allow him to eat in hotel dining room. The Central Baptist Church turned Gandhi away and would not let him enter a white church. Gandhi lived in Johannesburg between the years of 1903 to 1906 and it was June 2, 1906 he moved to Phoenix Settlement. He moved to Johannesburg in 1903 and kept offices until 1910 for a law firm he set up in Court until Chambers at 15 Rissik Street on the corner of Anderson Street. During Gandhiji’s time in Johannesburg, he lived alone in rooms behind the business during 1903 and 1904. He moved in 1904, for a short period, into a house that belonged to Henry Pollak - a partner in his law firm, at 34 Grove Road, Orange Grove. Later that year when Gandhi brought Kasturba and their four sons out from India, he moved again, this time into a double-story house at 11 Albermarle Street in Troyeville, This too was shared with story Henry Pollak, and at a later stage, with Pollak’s wife, Millie Graham. He remained in this house until March 1906. 23
    • We will begin the day with a visit the Voortrekker Monument. It is a unique Monument which commemorates the Pioneer history of Southern Africa and the history of the Afrikaner and is situated in a beautiful setting. Today it is the most visited heritage site of its kind in Gauteng and one of the top ten cultural historical visitor attractions in the country. Gandhi's concept of non-violence did not include passivity or cowardice in the face of violence violence or the abdication of one's duty. Gandhi offered his services freely during the Anglo Anglo-Boer War of 1899. He formed an Indian Volunteer Ambulance Corps of 1400 men, many of whom were Corps traders and professionals. They saw to the needs of the sick and wounded and often worked in the thick of battle in areas such as Spion Kop, Colenso and Ladysmith. For their efforts, members of the Corps were decorated wi medals. with We will also stop at the close by Freedom Park which pays tribute to all deserving South Africans who played a meaningful role in shaping the nation. We will visit Jan Smuts Irene Home Jan Smuts along with J.B.M. Hertzog, were the architects Home. of implementing segregation in South Africa. After spending the morning learning more about the Afrikaner history of South Africa, we will travel on to Pretoria where we will have lunch. Bapu was on his way to Pretoria when he was tossed out of the train at Pietermaritzburg Station. Pretoria is one hour outside of Johannesburg. Bapu went to Pretoria because he wanted to change the segregation laws using a peaceful protest. He organized his first successful peaceful protest here because he did not break any laws. Bantu Stephen Biko died in police custody September 12, 1977 in Pretoria, South Africa. On Pretoria, September 11, 1977 Biko was transported to Pretoria central prison, a twelve hour journey, twelve-hour naked, without medical escort, in the back of a police Land Rover. He died on the floor of an empty cell in Pretoria Central Prison. South Africa was robbed of one of its foremost political rica thinkers. We will also include a visit to the Mariammen’ Temple in Marabastad, one of the few examples of Indian Hindu, temple architecture in South Africa, this iconic landmark is also a national monument and is the oldest temple in Pretoria. 24
    • We will visit to Tolstoy Farm. Gandhi attributes the success of the final phase of the Satyagraha campaign in South Africa between June 4, 1908 and 1914 to the "spiritual purification and penance" afforded by the Tolstoy Farm. It became the home for supporters of the Satyagraha movement. It was a simple life. He wrote: "I have serious doubts as to whether the struggle could have been prosecuted for eight years, whether we could have secured larger funds, and whether the thousands of men and who participated in the last phase of the struggle would have borne their share of it, if there had been no Tolstoy Farm." The Tolstoy Farm is located in a south western corner of the Johannesburg, approximately 1.2 miles from the Lawley Station, 4 miles from Lenasia, 10 miles from Soweto, and 20 miles from es Johannesburg. We pass by the Gandhi Hall, Lenasia. After our visit at Tolstoy we will make our way back to Johannesburg. In spite of the injustices, discrimination and incarceration, Gandhi loved Johannesburg. In his farewell speech on the eve on of his departure from South Africa he said Johannesburg was the place where he found his precious friends, and where the foundation was laid of the great struggle of passive resistance. “Johannesburg therefore had the holiest of all holy associations”, he said. 25
    • On July 18th 1914, Gandhi left South Africa for the last time when he set sail for England, en route to India. Gandhi lectured on Hinduism at the Masonic hall and his farewell banquet before leaving Johannesburg in 1914 was held in the hall. Gandhi left his passive resistance philosophy of Satyagraha in South Africa, which was adopted by the African National Congress and used in mass anti-apartheid Campaigns. apartheid We will explore the Satyagraha House Hotel and Museum. This was Gandhi’s home in Johannesburg from 1908 to 1909. He shared the house and garden with his friend Hermann Kallenbach, living a life of simplicity, physical exercise, meditation and celibacy. We will have icity, dinner at Satyagraha House and those who wish to stay in the guest house may do so at an added expense. Explore the Satyagraha House Hotel and Museum Meet for farewell dinner with first guide at 7:30 pm at the Satyagraha House. Accommodations: Protea Hotel Balalaika Sandton | http://www.balalaika.co.za/ 26
    • Day 11: June 10 Johannesburg to Cape Town 10: Today is a travel day: Fly from Johannesburg to Cape Town After breakfast, check out and transfer to Johannesburg Airport and Say goodbye to your guide. guide Flight from Johannesburg to Cape Town On arrival meet your Cape Town Guid Guide Continue to Table Mountain: take a trip via the cable car for a Geographical overview of the city. Have lunch at Bo-Kaap Kombuis, Bo Kaap. This so Kaap so-called colored community has its origins in slavery and roughly 1/3 slaves originally came from India. We embark on a walking tour of Company’s Garden providing historical context of the alking Garden, roviding Dutch/British periods slavery and apartheid. 27
    • Visit the Slave Lodge - The Slave Lodge is one of the oldest buildings in Cape Town. The many names of the building over three centuries – Slave Lodge, Government Offices Building, Old g Supreme Court, and SA Cultural History Museum – reflect the long and rich history of the building. Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner Accommodations: Protea Hotel Sea Point http://www.proteahotels.com/hotels/Pages/Protea http://www.proteahotels.com/hotels/Pages/Protea-Hotel-Sea-Point.aspx 28
    • Day 12: June 11 Full Day Cape Peninsula Tour 11: Cape Peninsula - At the tip of the Cape Peninsula 60 km south west of Cape Town, lies Cape , a south-west nature reserve within the Table Mountain National Park; a declared Natural World Heritage Site. Boulders Beach - There are few places in the world where you can get this close to a breeding colony of penguins, one of very few mainland penguin colonies. 29
    • Seal Island - home to 75,000 Cape Fur ls, 24 different bird species and the hunting ground of the Great White Shark. En route to the island the views are truly spectacular, with Cape in the he distance to your right, Table Mountain and the Constantia wine route to your left and ahead, the majestic Hottentot's Holland mountain range. http://www.capetown.travel/attractions/entry/Montebello_Craft_and_Design_Centre We have a visit planned to the Montebello Design Centre. The center features more than 20 Centre. arts and craft studios and workshops, a historic greenhouse and nursery, a forge, restaurant and organic deli farm shop. It’s a non non-profit development project aimed at promoting good opment local craft and design, and generating job creation. Montebello is set in historic farm buildings under huge, beautiful old trees in the suburb of Newlands. The design center is home to a broad spectrum of designers and artists, from jewelers and painters to filmmakers and s landscapers. It makes a delightful stopover for lunches and visits to the various craft workshops and design studios. Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner Accommodations: Protea Hotel Sea Point 30
    • Day 13: June 12 1964 Robben Island and the District 6 Museum A day of touring to Robben Island and the District 6 Museum In the morning visit the District Six Museum - District Six was named the Sixth Municipal District of Cape Town in 1867. Originally established as a mixed community of freed slaves, merchants, artisans, laborers and immigrants, District Six was a vibrant center with close links to the city and the port. By the beginning of the twentieth century, however, the process of removals and marginalization had begun. s 31
    • Visit Robben Island - From the 17th to the 20th centuries, Robben Island served as a place of banishment, isolation and imprisonment. Once “home” to some of South Africa’s most famous nt, political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela, Today it is a World Heritage Site and museum, a poignant reminder to the newly democratic South Africa of the price paid for freedom. The day of our visit June 12, 1964, Nelson Mandela received a life sentence for committing sabotage against South Africa’s apartheid government, avoiding a possible death sentence. In the afternoon you will have a chance to either enjoy shopping Waterfront as we return around 14h00. Dinner either at hotel or in town Accommodations: Protea Hotel Sea Point http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/June/Nelson-Mandela-Sentenced-to-Life-in in-Prison.html 32
    • Day 14: June 13 Uthando (Love) 13: Full day with Uthando http://uthandosa.org/ http://uthandosa.org/. Unthando (Love) South Africa, a unique and innovative Non Profit and Fair Trade in Tourism accredit company. The aim of Uthando is to raise funds and other forms of assistance for community development projects in South Africa. This field trip gives us an insight into the remarkable stories that make life in South Africa so the interesting, dynamic and very importantly, inspiring. The tours are interactive, meeting the people at the projects, learning about their work and way of life, firsthand. Return to hotel Dinner at hotel or in town Accommodations: Proteau Hotel Sea Point 33
    • Day 15: June 14 Optional Excursions to: 14: Optional Excursions can be arranged for 3 nights in Victoria Falls 3 nights on a Kruger National Park Safari 6 night Safari stay in Tanzania with a visit to a Masai Village and a Hadzabe Tribe and learn about their fascinating history and culture. 34
    • OR Day 15: June 14, 2014 Return Home Check out of the hotel and transfer to Cape Town Airport in time for your flight home. 35
    • South Africa Additional Information SA Tour Includes: • Services of a qualified tour guide • All Meals (Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner) • All internal flights (Johannesburg – Cape Town) • 2 x Free of Charge Tour Leaders • All meals not specified • All Drinks SA Tour Excludes : • Passports, Visas and Permits • Immunization, inoculation and medication • All other items of a personal nature • All services not specified above Please Note Prices are subject to change without notice due to supplier, government bed levy, sales tax, VAT, fuel and any other unforeseen increases; Flights For flight bookings, we require a copy of all passengers’ passports. Airlines require the full names of passengers as printed on the passports and will not accept changes once tickets are issued for security purposes. The company accepts no responsibility for incorrect passport numbers or incorrect spelling of full names. (Any additional charges for changes to flight tickets will be for the clients’ account). Passengers weighing 100kg (220lbs) or more must please notify us in advance as an extra seat must be reserved and costed into the booking. For light aircraft be transfers your consultant might request all passenger’s weights as part of the booking and confirmation process, this information is required for light aircraft transfer company’s, for weight distribution and balancing of aircraft requirements. ibution In the instance where an airline is grounded for whatever reason (e.g. bad weather), while the company will facilitate the booking of new or alternative transport services, the settlement of such requirements will be for the clients’ account. Should the client qualify for any flight refunds the company will facilitate the refund process. Please note airline refunds take between 6-8 weeks in any normal circumstance. Please note that the luggage allowance on all 8 al Southern Africa flights is 20 kg (44lbs) per person. In addition to this, luggage needs to be soft sided (no wheels or rigid frames for Botswana or East Africa) for scheduled charter flights and 36
    • cannot be overly large or bulky. The allowance for scheduled charter flights in East Africa is 15 scheduled kg (33lbs). Minimum connecting times We request that you advise us of your exact International arrival/departure dates and times and to ensure that the minimum connecting times are adhered to. Guideline as follows: International/domestic (in either direction) & International/international flights - 1 & ½ hours (We strongly recommend at least 2 hours to ensure a smooth and stress free transit). stress-free Domestic/domestic flights - 1 hour (we recommend a bit more than an hour) Passports Please note that your passport must have two consecutive side by side blank visa pages (i.e. a left and a right hand page). Should you passport not comply with these requirements, you will either not be permitted to board the aircraft or risk deportation on arrival at your destination. deportation Furthermore, please note that passengers entering many African Countries (including but not limited to South Africa, Botswana and Zambia) must have passports valid for at least 6 months after the travel entry date. Failure to adhere to this regulation may result in immediate . deportation to the country of origin at own cost to the client. 37