HUXLEY Every individual is at once the beneficiary and the victim of the linguistic tradition into which he has been born - the beneficiary inasmuch as language gives access to the accumulated records of other people's experience, the victim in so far as it confirms him in the belief that reduced awareness is the only awareness and as it bedevils his sense of reality, so that he is all too apt to take his concepts for data, his words for actual things. Kerr The purpose of a university is to make students safe for ideas – not ideas safe for students.
In this next stage there is a recognition of uncertainty. However, students merely regard this uncertainty as a temporary condition and seek to find the ultimate truth which still must come from those in authority.
Students at this stage tend to value all views equally within the limits of personal standards. They believe that there is no one true interpretation but still reserve the right to exercise the principle of right and wrong. You will often find students at this stage able to describe in detail different theoretical positions but often unable to take and defend a stance.
At this stage students are able to do all of the previous stage but they understand that their own views are part of human growth and in making a commitment to a position in an argument they are able to critically reflect on it and modify it in the light of experience and further evidence.
“ Conflict is the gadfly of thought. It stirs us to observation and memory. It instigates to invention. It shocks us out of sheep-like passivity, and sets us at noting and contriving…conflict is a “sine qua non” of reflection and ingenuity”
John Dewey, 1922
I hate complacency. I play every gig as if it could be my last, then I enjoy it more than ever.