Lab Design Sustainability


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Sustainability Considerations in Laboratory Design by Michelle Smith and Ralph Stuart of the University of Vermont

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Lab Design Sustainability

  1. 1. LEED for Lab Design: Opportunities for planning for a lower Ecological footprint<br />Michelle Smith<br />Green Building Coordinator<br />Ralph Stuart<br />Environmental Safety Manager<br />The University of Vermont<br />ACS Conference<br />March 22, 2010<br />
  2. 2. LEED for Lab Design: Opportunities for planning for a lower footprint<br />Agenda<br />Labs 21 and their Environmental Performance Criteria<br />Considerations in early planning efforts<br />James M. Jeffords Hall as a case study – plant science laboratory building<br />Background<br />UVM’s building program of the 2000’s in contrast to the 1990’s<br />Student space (dorms and student center)<br />Laboratory space (lots of renovations and 2 new buildings)<br />UVM of the 21st Century Stakeholder<br />EHS<br />Office of Sustainability<br />Physical Plant Department<br />Facilities Design and Construction<br />
  3. 3. NRC General Guidance, Circa 2000<br />Laboratory Design, Construction and Renovation: Participants, Process, And Product<br />
  4. 4. Labs for the 21st Century<br />The Labs-21 program is co-sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE)<br />It’s a voluntary partnership program dedicated to improving the environmental performance of U.S. laboratories through technical education for the architectural and engineering community.<br />Developed in the late 1990’s when EPA was building its new lab building and wanted to build an environmentally friendly one.<br />
  5. 5. “LEED for Labs”<br />
  6. 6. Labs 21 Environmental Performance Criteria<br />Labs 21 EPC: a rating system to assess the environmental performance of laboratory facility design.<br />Builds on the LEED® Green Building Rating System that was developed by the U.S. Green Building Council. <br />6 Basic Categories<br />Sustainable Sites<br />Water Efficiency<br />Energy & Atmosphere<br />Materials & Resources<br />Indoor Environmental Quality<br />Innovation and Design Process<br />
  7. 7. Energy and Atmosphere: An Example<br />Prerequisite 4: Assess Minimum Ventilation Requirements<br /> Intent<br />To determine minimum ventilation requirements in laboratories based on user needs, health/safety protection and energy consumption<br />
  8. 8. Pre-requisite 4: Assess Minimum Ventilation Requirements Intent<br /> Requirements<br />The ventilation requirements shall be determined and documented by a team including each of the following professionals: A/E Team, Laboratory Consultants*, User Representative, Owner Facilities Group, Owner Environmental Health & Safety, Commissioning Authority*, Construction Manager* (*If these have not been appointed, an individual who independently and conscientiously represents these interests.)<br />The team shall, at a minimum, do the following:<br />Determine the necessary fresh air ventilation rate and number of fume hoodsand other exhaust devices based on applicable codes and the planned use of the laboratory over the next 5 years. <br />Consider exhaust alternatives such as instrument exhausts and ventilated storage cabinets with very low flow ventilation and good ergonomic accessibility. <br />Develop a workable fume hood sash management plan including: a) Informational placards for hoods; b) Awareness and Use Training. The Sash Management Plan should be incorporated in the Chemical Hygiene Plan for the laboratory. <br />The process and findings should be documented.<br />
  9. 9. Indoor Environmental Quality<br />Prerequisite 3: Laboratory Ventilation<br /> Intent<br />Ensure that minimum requirements for IAQ and safety are met<br />Requirements<br />Prerequisite 3.0 Meet the minimum requirements of ANSI Z9.5 (latest version).<br />Technologies & Strategies<br />Provide monitoring and control of fume hoods and room pressure. Technologies include fume hood monitors and alarms, volume metering, and automated laboratory room pressure control.<br />
  10. 10. Considerations for early planning<br />What chemicals will be used? How frequently?<br />Provide movable flammable materials cabinets instead of permanent<br />Ventilation/fume hood rate issues to consider when planning lab and space use<br />Heat recovery<br />Occupancy sensors/ Motion detectors<br />CO2 sensors<br />Use of local materials: exterior as well as case-work<br />Site/Landscaping: Academic partnership opportunities?<br />
  11. 11. James M. Jeffords Hall<br />Early discussions re: “how low could the fume hood exchange go”<br />Presentations from fume hood manufacturers to project team, including facility managers<br />Final system integrated into comprehensive HVAC allows for greater energy savings<br />Heat recovery from labs via convection transfer to liquid glycol loop<br />Return-air system for administrative/classroom space<br />Building dashboard?<br />
  12. 12. The Bottom Line: Is “a Lab” a Lab?<br />Key Design Process Strategies<br />Plan Early<br />Check in Often<br />Follow Up Afterward<br />Key Design Process Challenges<br />Stop and Go Planning Process<br />Financial Structure and Timing Pressures<br />Developing a Common Language among Stakeholders<br />The Future<br />Operating Legacy Buildings in the 21st Century: retrocommissioning<br />Chemical Safety Levels: GHS for labs?<br />Expect Increasing Engagement with a wider variety of Stakeholders<br />