This 2013-14 school year can be characterized by historic education reform in our nation and within our state. This past summer the California legislature adopted a new school finance model called the “Local Control Funding Formula or LCFF.” This is the first time our state has changed the school funding methodology in almost fifty years. Additionally, most states across the nation have adopted, for the first time, the same set of academic standards. These are called the “Common Core State Standards.”
This presentation will focus on three key educational reform movements:Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF)Local Control Accountability Plan (LCAP)Common Core State StandardsI’ll begin by reviewing the major components of the Local Control Funding Formula.
As our state was deliberating the school finance reform movement they narrowed their focus on five key goals:Ensuring equity and additional resources for students with greater needs: a) Low-income students; b) English learners; and c) Foster youth.The desire for the state to support local decision-making.Developing a system of accountability.Providing transparency regarding school budgeting.And, aligning the budget with an accountability plan.
For over four decades California has funded education through a school finance model made up of a base revenue limit or common amount of funding for students in elementary and secondary school. Additionally, in the past, school districts have been provided over forty categorical or restricted funds for programs such as, but not limited, to fine arts and music programs, professional development, school counseling and class size reduction programs, and more. Our past practice has held school funding separate from student achievement and accountability plans.By comparison, our state’s new school funding model, the Local Control Funding Formula provides a base amount of funding for students per grade span. Additionally, supplemental and concentration funding is provided to support at risk student populations who are dealing with poverty, learning English, or are foster youth. Class size reduction funds are provided at grades TK-3, however the target class size has increased to 24 students:1 teacher, and this ratio is required to be phased in by 2020-2021. Finally, an accountability plan must be aligned to the school district’s funding expenditure plan.
For the current 2013-14 school year all of the roughly 1,000 school districts in California were guaranteed a minimum level of funding for the first year of implementation of the LCFF formula. This minimum level of funding is the 2012-13 hold harmless amount or for our district about $5,078 per student. The LCFF formula aspires to gradually increase funding per student over the next eight years. Ultimately, the state hopes to fully fund the LCFF formula by 2020-2021. While this sounds exciting at first there are a few cautionary notes to consider:First, the legislature used the Department of Finance state revenue projections as the main source of funding for LCFF. This means that the state currently does not have the funding necessary to fully fund LCFF, but rather they are hoping the state’s economy rebounds from the Great Recession at a fast enough pace to fully fund LCFF by 2020-2021.Second, funding of the LCFF formula is also based on the state finding a way to backfill revenues generated from Proposition 30, which has a sales tax expiring in 2016 and an income tax expiring in 2018.Finally, it is not widely understood that fully funding the LCFF formula means that California will be restoring public education funding back to what we were funded in 2007-08 levels by 2020-21. Thus, the LCFF does not bring new money to education but rather “restores” the massive budget cuts of over 20% that education sustained over the 6 year period of the Great Recession. The good news is over the next eight years the state hopes to provide just over $200 per pupil more per year.
The LCFF funding formula is still being finalized at the state level and is scheduled to be released in January 2014. At this point school districts know that the LCFF will have four main components:There will be a Base Grant per Grade Span. This will make up the vast majority of the new funding model.Supplemental and concentration grants will be provided as additional revenues to support English learners, foster youth, and students living in poverty.And, “Add-Ons” will be given for TK-3 class size reduction and transportation.This chart shown is in “draft form” as the exact percentages of funding that will be provided for each of these categories will not be released by the state until January 2014.
The second part of our presentation is a review of the new “Local Control Accountability Plan or LCAP.”
Although the details and template for the Local Control Accountability Plan or LCAP will not be released by the state until about March 2014, we do know that there will be eight key components of the LCAP. The key areas of focus will be:Student AchievementStudent EngagementSchool ClimateOther Student OutcomesCredentials and MaterialsParent InvolvementCourse AccessImplementation of the Common Core Standards
Governing Boards will be expected to adopt an LCAP plan by July 1, 2014. As you heard earlier, the state plans to release the LCAP template for school districts to use in March 2014. The LCAP plans will be 3 year plans that are aligned to the budget and have annual student achievement goals.The state also requires that school districts adopt the coming school year’s budget no later than June 15 of each year. This means that we will need to adopt both the 2014-15 district budget and the LCAP plan end of May or beginning of June 2014.
When developing the district LCAP plan the state requires school districts to focus on the areas of “involvement” and “transparency”.In order to achieve the state’s criteria of involvement Governing Boards must consult with teachers, principals, school personnel, students, and local bargaining groups regarding the LCAP. Additionally, the district’s parent advisory committee and English Language Acquisition Committee (ELAC) must be allowed to review and comment on the LCAP plan. The superintendent must respond in writing to comments.Within the area of transparency the district must notify the public of an opportunity for written comment regarding the LCAP. In addition, the Board must hold two public hearings: one for recommendations and comments; and the other running concurrent to the public hearing for the budget.
Just as the county and state currently have fiduciary oversight of our district budget they will now also have oversight of our district’s LCAP plan. School districts will be required to submit their LCAP plans to the county office of education by August 15th of each year and then by October 8th the county office of education must indicate that they approve the district’s LCAP plan or indicate that the plan has strengths and weaknesses; provide an academic expert or team; or request that the state superintendent of public instruction assign the Collaborative for Educational Excellence to our district for assistance.The state has the authority to intervene if a district fails to improve outcomes for 3 or more subgroups during 3 of 4 consecutive years. If this happens the state may appoint an academic trustee, they may supersede the authority of the district’s Governing Board, they can impose budget revisions, and they can unilaterally make changes to a district’s LCAP plan.
This slide shows our district’s timeline for developing the LCAP.Between Nov and Jan we will be educating and consulting our stakeholders about the LCFF, LCAP, and Common Core StandardsFrom Nov to Feb we will also meet with district committees made up of teachers, principals, staff, students, bargaining groups, our district’s parent advisory groups, and the school ELACs and district DELACWe will analyze student achievement data and research from Nov through MarchFrom March through April we’ll establish the LCAP goalsIn May, shortly after the Governor releases his state budget we’ll align the LCAP goals with the district budgetBy mid-May we’ll publish the draft of our district’s LCAP plan on the district website and create an opportunity for written public commentsThe two required public hearings will take place during our Board meetings end of May and beginning of June 2014, located at the Lemon Grove Community Center at 6pm
Highlight the positive: Opportunity for Progress
Taken from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2010), this chart demonstrates the value of education. Less education = Higher unemployment and lower wages
More than one quarter of the students met NO benchmarks.
Current standards: Lots of simple recallCurrent standards: “Mile wide, inch deep” result in a lack of focusCurrent standards: Completing a grade means something different in every state.
Note: No party affiliation, no presidential administrations past or present involved46 States voluntarily adopted (Texas, Virginia, Alaska and Nebraska did not)
Ask for thoughtful input and use feedback form described in the next slide. Note that we will continue to have Title II funds and 10% of Title I funds for professional development.
Now it is your turn to provide the district with your recommendations about the development of the Local Control Accountability Plan or LCAP. This slide is one you saw earlier in the presentation and it shows the 8 key areas of the LCAP plan:Student AchievementStudent EngagementSchool ClimateOther Student OutcomesCredentials and MaterialsParent InvolvementCourse AccessImplementation of the Common Core StandardsPlease take the next 15 minutes to gather into small groups of 2-4 people per group and discuss these 8 areas and come up with recommendations. At the close of 15 minutes your group will have an opportunity to write your recommendations on the charts around the room. Additionally, we will be providing you with individual feedback sheets that you may choose to complete and provide to the district as well.
1. EDUCATION IN TRANSITION:
LOOKING AT CALIFORNIA’S NEW SCHOOL
COMMON CORE STATE
Lemon Grove School District
2. LOCAL CONTROL FUNDING FORMULA
3. LEGISLATURE ENACTED AB 97 - LCFF
Equity & additional resources for students with greater
Budget Alignment w/ Accountability Plan
4. CALIFORNIA SCHOOL FINANCE BEFORE &
Base Revenue Limit
K-3 Class Size
Separate from Funding
LCFF Base Grants by
K-3 Class Size Reduction
– 24:1 phase in target
LCFF BASE GRANT TARGET BY 2020-21
6. LCFF FUNDING COMPONENTS
Transportation & TIIG
7. LOCAL CONTROL ACCOUNTABILITY
8. Student Engagement
Implementation of Common
Other Student Outcomes
9. LCAP DEVELOPMENT TIMELINE
Governing Board Adopts LCAP by
July 1, 2014
Template released March 2014
Align Plan to Budget
Annual Goals for All Student Groups
Action Steps & Expenditures
10. LCAP DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
Boards must consult with:
Local Bargaining Groups
Notify public of
2 Public Hearings:
Present for Review &
Parent Advisory Committee
Superindent must respond
in writing to comments
1 at Budget public
11. COUNTY & STATE OVERSIGHT OF
SCHOOL DISTRICT LCAP PROGRESS
County Office of
Aug 15 – Districts Send
Oct 8 – COE Approves
District LCAP or…
Identifies strengths &
State Superintendent of
District fails to improve
outcomes for 3 or more
subgroups 3 out of 4
Requests SPI assign the
California Collaborative for
(CCEE) to provide assistance
Appoint academic trustee
Stay & rescind Board action
Impose budget revisions
Make changes to LCAP
12. LCAP DEVELOPMENT TIMELINE
1. Educate & Consult w/ Stakeholders on
LCFF, LCAP, & Common Core Standards
Nov 2013 – Jan 2014
2. Meet w/ District Committees:
- Teachers, Principals, Staff, Pupils, Bargaining
- Parent Advisory Committee
- ELACs & DELAC
3. Analyze Student Achievement Data &
4. Establish LCAP Goals
Nov 2013 – Feb 2014
Nov 2013 – March 2014
March – April 2014
5. Align LCAP Goals w/ Budget
6. Publish on District Website LCAP Draft
& Written Comment Opportunity
7. Public Hearings
May - June 2014
13. COMMON CORE STANDARDS
14. Common Core State Standards:
An Opportunity for Progress
15. THE VALUE OF EDUCATION
16. ARE WE PREPARING OUR STUDENTS?
Student achievement is
drastically low. Our nation is
at a moment of crisis when it
comes to preparing our
students for the rigors of
college and the demands of
the increasingly global
17. Why do we need Common
-Low Levels of Rigor
-Lack of Clarity
18. What is the Common Core?
Framework to prepare for college/work
19. Where did it come from?
National Governor’s Association
Council of Chiefs of State Schools
ACT (College testing)
Achieve (Governors and Business)
Voluntarily adopted by states.
20. How are Common Core Standards
Increased complexity of texts
Focus real-world situations
Depth as opposed to breadth
Focus on justifying and presenting
Critical reading and writing in all areas
Re-ordering of math content
21. Benefits of Common Core
Skills instead of recall
Competitive in the job market
22. Implementation Funds
Two years to spend:
23. Student Engagement
Implementation of Common
Other Student Outcomes