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The OECD Price Benchmarking Basket methodology compares prices across OECD countries for mobile telecommunication
services. This methodology uses only data from dominant operators that together have at least 50% market share. This paper
compares prices for 18 African countries based on the OECD methodology with the prices for the cheapest product available
in a country. The OECD methodology is expanded to include all operators and all prepaid products. The difference between
the two prices, cheapest over all and cheapest dominant operators, is interpreted as competitive pressure in the sector and is
linked to market structure and regulatory environment. The paper demonstrates of the basket methodology can be used to
monitor the affects of regulatory interventions and define universal service obligations based on affordability.