Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa
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Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa

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Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa - Dr Appolinaire Djikeng, Technology Manager, Biosciences Eastern and Central Africa (BecA) Hub

Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa - Dr Appolinaire Djikeng, Technology Manager, Biosciences Eastern and Central Africa (BecA) Hub

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  • General description. In the slide is an example of a generic project description. Justification for the context of your project based on previous slide. This can be in 1-2 slides
  • General description. In the slide is an example of a generic project description. Justification for the context of your project based on previous slide. This can be in 1-2 slides
  • General description. In the slide is an example of a generic project description. Justification for the context of your project based on previous slide. This can be in 1-2 slides

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  • 1. Panel 03: Food nutrition and safety Under-research crops and livestock as key contributors to food security in Africa Appolinaire Djikeng, PhD BecA-ILRI Hub, ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 2. Food and nutrition security in Africa  Malnutrition/Undernutrition (There is 20% annual increment since 1990)  Stunting in children under five (40% in Africa – 195 Millions total in developing countries)  East Africa; Kenya and Tanzania, 2011 (< 5 years old: 44% stunting; pregnant women: 52% anemia)  Food safety (toxins and microbes)Photo courtesy: Daniel Sila Innovations: JKUAT  Better crops and livestock animals  Safe food  Alternative to classical crops and livestock
  • 3. We need more than classical large livestock and more than staple crops Amaranth  Leave and grain edible  High protein contents (^30% more than the common cereals),  Essential fatty acids  Micro-nutrients (vitamins and minerals)  It is highly tolerant of aridCIAT monogastric project, 2009- 11 environments
  • 4. Under-research livestock (Cavies) as key contributors to food security in Africa  High protein value (19-21%) => the highest  High carcass yield (≈85%)Guinée Côte d‘Ivoire Nigeria  Low fat contents (< 8%) Cameroon  Mineral contents (≈ 1%) Guinea Rwanda Kenya Congo DR Congo BurundiGeo-referencedLocated from literature/key informant Tanzania Our focus:Known from region only; importance unknownFrom literature/key informant; not important Malawi Targeting women and children inOnly used as pet Mozambique Cameroon and Cameroon: Cavies for more protein and income Shaded area of distribution after map by Ngoupayou et al. (1995)
  • 5. Amaranth as key contributor to food security in AfricaMadiira 1 Madiira 2Low to medium altitude Low to high altitudeAbout 40 t/ha About 40 t/haNarrow leaves Broad leavesSweet tasting Sweet tastingLong harvesting period Long harvesting period
  • 6. Amaranth as key contributor to food security in AfricaLink with SME in Kenya Link with GAIN initiative
  • 7. Key message Non-staple crops Photo courtesy: and under- Brigitte Maass CIAT researched livestock offer solutions to food and nutritional security in Africa Photo courtesy: Daniel Sila JKUAT Photo courtesy: Daniel Sila
  • 8. Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI Hub) Mobilizing biosciences for Africa’s development 1. Research 2. Capacity building and training 3. Research and Technology-related services 4. Focal point for the agricultural research community in eastern and central Africa 5. Promotion of product development and delivery
  • 9. Biosciences eastern and central Africa – International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI Hub) Mobilizing biosciences for Africa’s development RESEARCH (and DEVELOPMENT)  Food safety  Nutritional security and income generation  The food security (crop and livestock improvement)  The biosciences for climate change mitigation  The disease diagnostics (crops and animals)  The “Low science input” crops and animals (orphan crops and animals)  The agroecosystem health CAPACITY BUILDING  Strengthening Individuals and institutions  Visiting scientist program Alignments: ABI, CAADP, ASARECA, RUFORUM, other …
  • 10. The BecA Hub team10 countries Australia, Benin, Cameroon, England, Ethiopia, Italy, Kenya, Scotland, USA
  • 11. Thank youThe Government of KenyaCanadian International Development Agency (CIDA)Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable AgricultureAusAID/CSIROThe Bill & Melinda Gates FoundationSwedish Ministry for Foreign AffairsSwedish International Development Agency (Sida)Rockefeller FoundationDoyle FoundationUNESCO, IFS, ASARECA, RUFORUM, etc …Together we can achieve food security in Africa