Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Chris Auricht - Agriculture Productivity Drivers

410

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
410
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Food Nutrition in Eastern and Southern Africa Agriculture Productivity Drivers Christopher Auricht Australian International Food Security Centre (AIFSC) 10th September 2012, Nairobi
  • 2. Figure 4: Cattle Buffalo and Pig Population Density Per 100 People1. Agriculture Productivity Driversin 1998/99, Based on District Data Cattle Pigs Buffalo Characteristics of the region Resources Population, crops and livestock
  • 3. 3 Hunger, Poverty & Productivity Spatial Covariates/Proxies & Analytical Flow Terrain, Production Production Interventions/ Linkage to Demography, Environment & Systems & Responses Macro Infrastructure, Constraints Performance Models Admin Units 7 Maize Yield Potential 6 t[DM]/ha 5 4 3 2 40 1 30 20 0 10 Irrigation 0 100 Threshold 80 NA % of Available 60 40 Fertilizer Application Rate 20 Soil Water 0 kg[N]/ha Settlements, ports,costs & Diseases Value of Distribution Rainfed Slope, travel times marketsPort travel times & PestsAgroecological& Crop Suitability: & Yieldssmall of Welfare BenefitsMarketAdministrativenetworks extent ZonesProductionSystems of of Nutrientsirrigation Road, rail, river, ICTCroplandIncidence intensityBorer) Quantity Person Elevation aspect, drainage & Units Drought RunoffCrop Farming per Rural Management, CC costs (MaizeYield Responses Distribution scale Removed & Severity Stem Profitability to Inputs, Aggregate to FPUs Fertilizer Profitability WheatSource: HarvestChoice 2010
  • 4. Figure 4: Cattle Buffalo and Pig Population Density Per 100 People2. Broad directions and driversin 1998/99, Based on District Data Cattle Pigs Buffalo OPPORTUNITY COSTS of resources (especially land) and labour shape farm household decision making and evolution of systems (Binswanger, Pingali) In turn these are influenced by: • population, hunger and poverty • natural resources and climate • technology and science • energy • markets and trade • information and human capital • institutions and policies
  • 5. Figure 4: Cattle Buffalo and Pig Population Density Per 100 PeopleDrivers – population, hunger, povertyin 1998/99, Based on District Data Cattle Pigs Buffalo Gradual increase of population for centuries, until 1950, then rapid increase; + 30 percent over past decade (with shocks from disease and famine) Urbanisation Distribution of hunger and poverty (maps) Incomes/livelihood portfolios Gender
  • 6. Figure 4: Cattle Buffalo and Pig Population Density Per 100 PeopleDriver – natural resources, climatein 1998/99, Based on District Data Cattle Pigs Buffalo Claims of ample resources, but Limited water so far exploited Degradation Closing of quality land frontier Rapid deforestation Climate change – precipitation, temperature; variability/risk)
  • 7. Figure 4: Cattle Buffalo and Pig Population Density Per 100 PeopleDriver – energyin 1998/99, Based on District Data Cattle Pigs Buffalo Limited growth in energy inputs (refer Binswanger, Pingali; McIntyre) Linkages/correlations oil, fertilizer and food prices Intensification requires energy Local/renewable options?
  • 8. Figure 4: Cattle Buffalo and Pig Population Density Per 100 PeopleDrivers – markets, tradein 1998/99, Based on District Data Cattle Pigs Buffalo Spread of agricultural markets/infrastructure Poor but improving market integration Vertical integration especially in high potential Foreign capital Past focus on exports; growing potential for regional trade
  • 9. Figure 4: Cattle Buffalo and Pig Population Density Per 100 PeopleDriver – information, human capitalin 1998/99, Based on District Data Cattle Pigs Buffalo New knowledge is essential for households to make good decisions on adoption, marketing adjustments, ... (capacity building) Good example, Kenya ...
  • 10. Figure 4: Cattle Buffalo and Pig Population Density Per 100 People 3. Farming systems - informed interventionsin 1998/99, Based on District Data Cattle Pigs Buffalo  Many assessments of African resource management, commodity and agricultural sector, but …  Low productivity and rural food insecurity and poverty persist  Strong differentiation of farming systems and farm-households’ potentials and needs  Understanding farm-household decision making for essential for fostering innovation and accelerating adoption/adjustment (Source: Dixon 2005)

×