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ACIAR seminar watershed management in india tirupataiah

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Watershed Management in India & Andhra Pradesh: A snapshot

Watershed Management in India & Andhra Pradesh: A snapshot

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  • 1. Presenter Dr Kota Tirupataiah Director General of the Water and Land Management Training & Research Institute (WALAMTARI), Hyderabad, India.Topic “Watershed Management in India & Andhra Pradesh: A snapshot”Date 12.30pm, Tuesday 3 July 2012Venue Conference Room, ACIAR House, CanberraAcknowledgements Tirupataiah K (2012) Watershed Management in India and Andhra Pradesh (India), ACIAR Seminar Series presentation, 3 July 2012, Canberra, Australia.
  • 2. “Watershed Management in India &AP: A snap shot” Dr.Kota Tirupataiah,IFS Director General WALAMTARI Kota_86@rediffmail.com : dg.walamtari@gmail.com www.apwalamtari.org 3rd July 2012
  • 3. Evolution of Watershed Approaches
  • 4. Watershed Development Programmes Drought Prone Areas Programme(DPAP) Desert Development Programme(DDP) Integrated Waste Lands Development Programme(IWDP) From 2008, all the above programmes are merged in to Integrate Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) Centrally Sponsored Programmes- 75:25
  • 5. Myths in Watershed Projects Watersheds are in the grip of land lords- Committees headed by influential Watershed funds are for landed people only- cannot spend on non-land based initiatives Watersheds are for men only- Women do not own land and hence no role Watershed fund is mainly for construction works- COW- After watershed project period no activity goes on- Make hay while the sun shines
  • 6. Sustainable Livelihoods Five Capitals Social Human Physical Natural Economic
  • 7. Initiatives piloted in AP under APRLP
  • 8. Innovative Approaches in NRM Watershed Plus Approach Watersheds as a platform for livelihoods Cost effective structures Provision for landless families Net Planning to benefit ridge areas Institutionalizing Capacity Building
  • 9. Change in the approach to NRMImplementation through VOs of Women SHGs.Focus on the lands of poor.Preparation of action plans by User Groups /Village Organizations (VO).Participatory net planning.Probation phase for watersheds.Cost effective structures.Management of Common Property Resources bythe poor with usufruct rights.
  • 10. SELECTION PARAMETERS FOR A WATERSHED Range Mark Weightage1. No. of small and marginal < 25% 5 farmers > 25 & <50% 10 > 50% 15 152. % of SC/ST holding out of <10% 3 total > 10 & <25% 5 > 25% 10 103. % of women organized in < 20% 3 SHGs in the habitation and > 20% & <50% 5 participating in programm > 50% 10 104. Status of ground water < 10 mts 2 > 10 & <15 3 mts. > 15 mts 5 55. APSRAC VL 6 L 12 M 18 H 24 VH 30 30 contd..
  • 11. contd..6. Live stock <1000 2 (Nos.) > 1000 & 3 < 2000 >2000 5 57. No. of families < 50 3 affected/involved in migration >50 & < 100 5 and landless people involved >100 10 10 in wage employment8. Contiguity and macro watershed for saturation Yes 5 No 0 59. Availability of <10% 3 fallow/waste/CPR for the poor >10% & 5 to utilize usufruct and <20% willingness of community to >20% 10 10 permit usufruct to landless TOTAL 100
  • 12. Zilla Samakhaya A.P Federation Model ZS• E.C - 2 from each V.O, 5 Office bearers 200,000• Support to VOs 400,000• Secure linkage with Govt.Depts. fin institutions, markets• Auditing of the groups• Micro Finance functions MMS 4000 Mandal• E.C - 2 from each S.H.G, 5 Office bearers Samakhaya• Strengthening of SHGs 6000 -• Arrange line of credit to the SHGs• Social action• Village development• Marketing and food security V.O Village Organization• Support activists – 3 -5 1 50 - 200• Thrift and credit activities• Monitoring group performance• Micro Credit Planning S HGs S HGs S HGs S HGs S HGs S HGs• Household inv plans 10 - 15 SELF HELP GROUPS
  • 13. Fund Flow Arrangements Fund Release DWMA GP Release funds PE EP Prepare Prepare plans plans VO SHG UG
  • 14. Livelihood Approach in WatershedsWorks 85% 25.50 lakhsAdministrative Cost 10% 3.00 lakhsCapacity Building & CO 5% 1.50 lakhs Total 30.00 lakhsNRM 60% 18.00 lakhsProductivity Enhancement 15% 4.50 lakhsEnterprise Promotion 10% 3.00 lakhs Total 25.50 lakhs
  • 15. IWMP-Component break up Administr Monitoring Evaluation Total ation 10 01 01 12%Preparatory Entry Institution& DPRstage point Capacity Preparation (10%) activity Development (01%) (05%) (04%) Works Livelihoods for PE&EP 73%Works Phase (50%) assetless (13%) (10%)Consolidation 05%Phase
  • 16. Productivity Enhancement Components in APRLP Soil Fertility Management Micro Nutrient Management Seed Production/ Seed Banks Para workers in Agriculture and Livestock Integrated Pest Management Door step Health services and artificial insemination in Livestock Fodder Development Integrated Livestock Development Centers
  • 17. DISTRIBUTION OF SEED BY VO
  • 18. ILDC-Integrated Livestock Development Centers
  • 19. Fodder cultivation in watersheds
  • 20. Traditional Livelihoods
  • 21. Value Addition at Source
  • 22. WATERSHED CAN BE DEFINED AS A HYDROLOGICAL UNIT OFAREA WHERE THE RAINWATER IS DRAINED TO A COMMONPOINT. Topo sheet Size Watershed Atlas
  • 23. National Rain fed Areas Authority NRAA Technical Guidance MoEF MoRD MoA
  • 24. The Context RD Dept Consortium D/CLRCs Capacity Building Stakeholders
  • 25. SEPARATE INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE C o m m is s i o n e r1. ACF R u r a l D e v e lo p m e n t2. Dy. EE3. ADA P r o je c t D ir e c t o r , District Collector D P A P /D D P4. FRO5. AE M u l t i D i s c i p li n a r y T e a m s6. AO (M D T s) P r o j e c t Im p le m e t i n g A g e n c y ( P IA ) GO/NGO W a t e r s h e d D e v e lo p m e n t T e a m (W D T ) Disciplines W a te r s h e d A s s o c ia tio n 1. Agriculture GP (W A ) 2. Engineering 3. Forestry W a te r s h e d C o m m itte e VO (W C ) S e lf H e l p G r o u p s U s e r G ro u p s
  • 26. Impact Assessment by TARULeadingAbout 90 percent of households reported increase in income.37 to 39 percent of households reported an annual increase inincome greater than Rs.10,000 Percentage of households reporting change in household income 2003-06Above 20000 1215001-20000 1010001-15000 15 5001-10000 27 0-5000 26 No change 2 Reduced 8 0 5 10 15 20 25 30
  • 27. Impact Assessment (Contd…) Around 85% of households belonging to all farmer categories reported increased returns from agriculture.100 90 80 70 60 Decreased 50 No change 40 Increased 30 20 10 0 Marginal Small Medium Large
  • 28. Impact Assessment (Contd…)71% of households reported increased returns fromProductivity Enhancement. Proprotion of households reproting increse in income from PE activities 50 46 45 40 35 30 25 25 21 20 15 10 8 5 0 No additional 0-5000 5000-10000 No data income
  • 29. Impact Assessment (Contd….) 60% of households reported trainings in Institution Building and Group Dynamics followed by 14% in Enterprise Promotion. Proportion of households trained on various subjects Instituion building 2% 2% 11% Productivity enahancement Enterprise promotion 14% Natural Resource Management Health 60% Others 11%
  • 30. References Planning Commission approach paper on NRM for XI Five Year Plan Watershed Guidelines of Ministry of RD- 1994-95,2001,2003 and 2008(www.dolr.nic.in) Four Waters Concept-Dr.T.Hanumantha rao(published by ESCI, Hyderabad) Process Guidelines of Dept. of RD, GOAP Trainings for Watersheds by MYRADA Please visit our web site www.rd.ap.gov.in
  • 31. Issues and Challenges Setting up institutions at various levels Developing a cadre of watershed specialists Institutionalizing Capacity Development Use of ICT Tools in Watershed management Professional management of projects Standardizing indicators for impacts Convergence with NREGP
  • 32. Emerging Areas of CollaborationPresentation made to the ACIAR Officials at Canberra on the 3rd July 2012 Dr.Kota Tirupataiah,IFS Director General WALAMTARI Kota_86@rediffmail.com : dg.walamtari@gmail.com www.apwalamtari.org
  • 33. Long personal and Institutional associationInvolved in the Development of the ongoingwatershed projects in Andhra PradeshContinued interaction on these projecsInvolvement in the Climate Change projectsInterested in continuing the collaboration Dr. Don Blackmore’s visit Visit of Dr.Robert Carr & Dr.Geoffrey Adams Climate Water Forum initiative Learnings from the visit to Australia
  • 34. Emerging Areas of Potential Collaboration
  • 35. THANK YOUkota_86@rediffmail.com

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