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THE NATIONALMETEOROLOGICAL EARLYWARNING AND COORDINATIONSYSTEM OF MALAYSIAMALAYSIAN METEOROLOGICALDEPARTMENTMINISTRY OFSCI...
SCOPENatural Hazards in MalaysiaMonitoring and Early Warning SystemIssues and ChallengesStrategies for ImprovementCon...
Natural Hazards in MalaysiaNatural Hazards in Malaysia Weather-related HazardsFlood / Flash FloodStrong Winds,Rough Seas ...
Northeast Monsoon (Nov –Mar)Southwest Monsoon(Jun–Aug)Intermonsoon(Apr-May & Sep-Oct)FloodHazeFlash FloodStrong Winds & Ro...
Increase in Natural Hazards Increase in Extreme Weather Events in Malaysia since the 80sSevere dry weather in 1998 caused...
Tropical Cyclones Intensity Increasing(Winds and Rainfall)In December 1996, Tropical StormGreg hit Sabah.Typhoon Vamei lan...
METEOROLOGICALSTATION (45)UPPER AIR STATION (8)RADAR STATION (13)GROUNDRECEIVINGSTATION (1)WEATHER CAMERASTATION (17)DATA ...
METEOROLOGICALSTATION (45)UPPER AIR STATION (8)RADAR STATION (13)GROUNDRECEIVINGSTATION (1)WEATHER CAMERASTATION (17)DATA ...
RMAF ButterworthBayan LepasRMAF Gong KedakKota KinabaluKuchingRMAF KuantanSubangKLIACentral Forecast OfficePetaling JayaMa...
Surface Observational Stations NetworkAlor StarBayanLepasGong KedakKota KinabaluKuchingKuantanSubangKLIAPetaling JayaChupi...
BayanLepasKota KinabaluKuchingKuantanKLIATawauBintuluKota BharuUpperAirStations (8)KLIA Upper Air Station
AgrometeorologyAgromet Auxiliary Stations : 173
Marine Observational Network• 4 Acoustic DopplerCurrent Profiler(ADCP) and 2 RecordingDoppler Current Profiler(RDCP) -real...
KLUANGSETARKUANTAN BINTULUOmarBUTTERWORTH SANDAKANSUBANGKOTA BHARUKUCHINGKOTAKINABALUKLIAP. JAYASatellite And RadarStation...
RadarEchoesKLIA DOPPLER RADARMMD RADAR
NOAA GEO-STATIONARYHotspot & Haze MonitoringWeather MonitoringMODISResearch & Analyses:Chlorophyll, SST & Vegetation Index...
NWPModelsMMD-MM5MMD-WRFMMD-HRM
Marine ModelsMMD-JMA MRI III Wave Model MMD-WAM Wave ModelMMD-JMA Storm Surge ModelMMD-JMA Oil Spill Model
MMD- JMA Oil Spill ModelOil Spill
Hysplit Trajectory Model
Fire DangerRating SystemFine Fuel MoistureCodeFire Weather IndexDrought CodeDUFF MoistureCodeInitial SpreadIndexBuild Up I...
Marine Regions
Forecasts forPort and Ferry OperatorsKuantanPTPBintuluMiriK. KinabaluSouth China SeaSulu SeaPenangKuchingP. KlangJohor Bah...
WarningStagesCriteriaYellowYellowPossibility of a monsoonal rain in the next 3 – 5 daysPossibility of heavy rains and stro...
CategoryCriteriaFirstFirstStrong winds 40-50 kmph and rough seasStrong winds 40-50 kmph and rough seaswith wave height up ...
Dissemination of Advisories/Warnings onHeavy Monsoonal Rain, Tropical Cyclone,Strong Winds & Rough Seas SMS(VIP, disaster...
Visual Strong Wind Warning SystemRed Flag (5)Getting Fishery ComplexStesen Meteorologi K. TrengganuP. Chendering Fishery C...
Dissemination(additional)Whenever necessary, additional channels areused especially for Tsunami Advisory/Warning:- Siren(c...
EXHIBITIONS DIALOGUESMEDIA SESSIONSSevere Weather and Tsunami AwarenessProgramsCOMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
PENGETAHUAN RISIKOPEOPLE-CENTRED EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FORPEOPLE-CENTRED EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FORWEATHER, SEA & TSUNAMIWEAT...
Inadequate coverage of observational stations:siren, seismic, automatic weather stations andradar.Lack of scientific under...
Lead Time and Forecast Skill
Disruption in information dissemination systemparticularly SMS and Internet during peakseason/hours. For example: The MMD’...
Establishing observational stations at strategiclocations and upgrading existing ones.Operationalization of advanced weath...
Colloboration with local authority involved in disastermanagement on data sharing(Blue Ocean Strategy).Conducting regular ...
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Early warning and coordination sytem of Malaysia

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Transcript of "Early warning and coordination sytem of Malaysia"

  1. 1. THE NATIONALMETEOROLOGICAL EARLYWARNING AND COORDINATIONSYSTEM OF MALAYSIAMALAYSIAN METEOROLOGICALDEPARTMENTMINISTRY OFSCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY ANDINNOVATION
  2. 2. SCOPENatural Hazards in MalaysiaMonitoring and Early Warning SystemIssues and ChallengesStrategies for ImprovementConclusion
  3. 3. Natural Hazards in MalaysiaNatural Hazards in Malaysia Weather-related HazardsFlood / Flash FloodStrong Winds,Rough Seas & Storm SurgeThunderstorms/ LightningTropical Cyclone/ TyphoonForest Fire/HazeAgricultural Drought Geophysical HazardsEarthquakeLocal and Regional TsunamiLandslideVolcanic Eruption
  4. 4. Northeast Monsoon (Nov –Mar)Southwest Monsoon(Jun–Aug)Intermonsoon(Apr-May & Sep-Oct)FloodHazeFlash FloodStrong Winds & Rough SeasTyphoon(May – Nov)Severe Weather in Malaysia
  5. 5. Increase in Natural Hazards Increase in Extreme Weather Events in Malaysia since the 80sSevere dry weather in 1998 caused serious water disruptions especiallyin the Klang Valley.In December 2005, heavy moonsonal rains brought about major floodsin Perlis, Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu.In February 2006, heavy moonsonal rains caused widespread floods inKelantan, Terengganu and Pahang.During the 2006 / 2007 Northeast Monsoon, the southern states ofPeninsular Malaysia especially Johor experienced major floods resultingin damages to infrastructure and properties of more than one billion RM.In January and February 2011, more than 50,000 people in Johor wereevacuated when severe flood hit the state.
  6. 6. Tropical Cyclones Intensity Increasing(Winds and Rainfall)In December 1996, Tropical StormGreg hit Sabah.Typhoon Vamei landed on southwestJohor in December 2001Tropical Depression crossedMalaysian waters and southernThailand causing floods inPerlis and Kedah on 1-2 Nov2010
  7. 7. METEOROLOGICALSTATION (45)UPPER AIR STATION (8)RADAR STATION (13)GROUNDRECEIVINGSTATION (1)WEATHER CAMERASTATION (17)DATA ACQUISITIONAUXILIARY STATIONS(339)• AWS (141)• Climatological Station (39)• Rainfall Station (159)
  8. 8. METEOROLOGICALSTATION (45)UPPER AIR STATION (8)RADAR STATION (13)GROUNDRECEIVINGSTATION (1)WEATHER CAMERASTATION (17)DATA ACQUISITIONAUXILIARY STATIONS(339)• AWS (141)• Climatological Station (39)• Rainfall Station (159)
  9. 9. RMAF ButterworthBayan LepasRMAF Gong KedakKota KinabaluKuchingRMAF KuantanSubangKLIACentral Forecast OfficePetaling JayaMain Meteorological Offices(10)KLIA Meteorological OfficeCentral Forecasting OfficeGong Kedak Meteorological OfficeLabuan
  10. 10. Surface Observational Stations NetworkAlor StarBayanLepasGong KedakKota KinabaluKuchingKuantanSubangKLIAPetaling JayaChupingP. LangkawiLabuanSandakanKudatLimbangTawauKapitMuluBintuluMiriKeningauSibuSeri AmanBatu EmbunMuadzam ShahBatu PahatKluangMersingSenaiTemerlohCameron HighlandsKota BharuK. TrengganuSitiawanMelakaLubuk MerbauIpohKuala PilahTiomanButterworthPraiCameron HighlandsSubangSitiawanAlor StarKuala KraiRanauKerteh
  11. 11. BayanLepasKota KinabaluKuchingKuantanKLIATawauBintuluKota BharuUpperAirStations (8)KLIA Upper Air Station
  12. 12. AgrometeorologyAgromet Auxiliary Stations : 173
  13. 13. Marine Observational Network• 4 Acoustic DopplerCurrent Profiler(ADCP) and 2 RecordingDoppler Current Profiler(RDCP) -real time• Data from variousagencies : Royal Navy,Marine Dept, Oil & Gas,Scientific Expedition etc• Voluntary ObservingShip (VOS)Bintulu RDCPVOSSandakanRDCP
  14. 14. KLUANGSETARKUANTAN BINTULUOmarBUTTERWORTH SANDAKANSUBANGKOTA BHARUKUCHINGKOTAKINABALUKLIAP. JAYASatellite And RadarStations(Doppler)DOPPLER RADAR STATION12 fixed1 mobileSATELLITESTATION(5 systems)MIRI
  15. 15. RadarEchoesKLIA DOPPLER RADARMMD RADAR
  16. 16. NOAA GEO-STATIONARYHotspot & Haze MonitoringWeather MonitoringMODISResearch & Analyses:Chlorophyll, SST & Vegetation IndexSatellite Products
  17. 17. NWPModelsMMD-MM5MMD-WRFMMD-HRM
  18. 18. Marine ModelsMMD-JMA MRI III Wave Model MMD-WAM Wave ModelMMD-JMA Storm Surge ModelMMD-JMA Oil Spill Model
  19. 19. MMD- JMA Oil Spill ModelOil Spill
  20. 20. Hysplit Trajectory Model
  21. 21. Fire DangerRating SystemFine Fuel MoistureCodeFire Weather IndexDrought CodeDUFF MoistureCodeInitial SpreadIndexBuild Up Index
  22. 22. Marine Regions
  23. 23. Forecasts forPort and Ferry OperatorsKuantanPTPBintuluMiriK. KinabaluSouth China SeaSulu SeaPenangKuchingP. KlangJohor BahruSandakan
  24. 24. WarningStagesCriteriaYellowYellowPossibility of a monsoonal rain in the next 3 – 5 daysPossibility of heavy rains and strong winds/tropical depressionin the next 3 – 5 daysOrangeOrangeModerate monsoonal rainfall is occurring/will occur in thenext couple of hours. Possibility of flood.Tropical depression with speeds of 50-60 kmph accompanied withmoderate rains becoming heavy.RedRedWidespread heavy monsoonal rainfall is occurring/willoccur in the next couple of hours. Possibility of majorflood.Tropical storm/typhoon with speeds from 60 kmph accompaniedwith moderate rains becoming heavy.Criteria for Heavy Monsoonal Rainand Tropical Cyclones
  25. 25. CategoryCriteriaFirstFirstStrong winds 40-50 kmph and rough seasStrong winds 40-50 kmph and rough seaswith wave height up to 3.5 metres.with wave height up to 3.5 metres.SecondSecondStrong winds 50 – 60 kmph and roughStrong winds 50 – 60 kmph and roughseas with wave height up to 4.5 metres.seas with wave height up to 4.5 metres.ThirdThirdStrong winds from 60 kmph and roughStrong winds from 60 kmph and roughseas with wave height from 4.5 metres.seas with wave height from 4.5 metres.Criteria for Strong Winds & Rough SeasWarning
  26. 26. Dissemination of Advisories/Warnings onHeavy Monsoonal Rain, Tropical Cyclone,Strong Winds & Rough Seas SMS(VIP, disaster management agencies)SMS(VIP, disaster management agencies) TV BroadcastTV BroadcastRTM1 - Selamat Pagi 1Malaysia, 1 pm &RTM1 - Selamat Pagi 1Malaysia, 1 pm &5 pm Regional News5 pm Regional NewsTV CrawlerTV Crawler Radio Broadcast(Light FM, Radio 24 etc.)Radio Broadcast(Light FM, Radio 24 etc.) Facsimile(All disaster managementFacsimile(All disaster managementagencies)agencies) Mass Media (Print and Electronic)Mass Media (Print and Electronic) Web page:Web page: www.met.gov.my Social Media NetworkSocial Media Network Facebook:Facebook: www.facebook.com/malaysiametTwitter:Twitter: twitter.com/#!/malaysianmet
  27. 27. Visual Strong Wind Warning SystemRed Flag (5)Getting Fishery ComplexStesen Meteorologi K. TrengganuP. Chendering Fishery ComplexK. Pahang Fishermen AssociationNenasi Fishermen AssociationK. Rompin Fishermen AssociationLKIM MersingMukah Fishermen AssociationBintulu Fishermen AssociationMiri Fishermen AssociationnSouth China SeaStraitsofMalaccaSulu SeaCelebes SeaNotice Board (7)MK Kuah LangkawiPangkor
  28. 28. Dissemination(additional)Whenever necessary, additional channels areused especially for Tsunami Advisory/Warning:- Siren(certain locations only)-Fixed Line Alert System (FLAS) (ensure thewarnings to evacuate reach the communities)This mode of dissemination may be extended tocover meteorological hazards.
  29. 29. EXHIBITIONS DIALOGUESMEDIA SESSIONSSevere Weather and Tsunami AwarenessProgramsCOMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
  30. 30. PENGETAHUAN RISIKOPEOPLE-CENTRED EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FORPEOPLE-CENTRED EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FORWEATHER, SEA & TSUNAMIWEATHER, SEA & TSUNAMIOBSERVATION &WARNING SYSTEMDISSEMINATION &COMMUNICATIONRESPONSE CAPACITY
  31. 31. Inadequate coverage of observational stations:siren, seismic, automatic weather stations andradar.Lack of scientific understanding on tropicalmeteorology: accuracy and lead time offorecast/warning could not be improved. Small-scaled weather systems such as thunderstorms &squall-line could produce substantial damages butare extremely hard to predict.Rapid urbanization led to increased localisedconvection due to the heat island effect.CHALLENGESCHALLENGES
  32. 32. Lead Time and Forecast Skill
  33. 33. Disruption in information dissemination systemparticularly SMS and Internet during peakseason/hours. For example: The MMD’s webpage hitcould rise from 600,000 to 5 millions per day.Huge cost of acquiring and maintaining observationalinstruments and systems.Low level of awareness on disaster due to limitedcapacity and resources to educate the public.CHALLENGESCHALLENGES
  34. 34. Establishing observational stations at strategiclocations and upgrading existing ones.Operationalization of advanced weather and marinenumerical models.Enhancing the dissemination of warnings throughvarious telecommunication channels.STRATEGIES FORIMPROVEMENT
  35. 35. Colloboration with local authority involved in disastermanagement on data sharing(Blue Ocean Strategy).Conducting regular awareness programs.Forging cooperation with local and internationalresearch agencies.STRATEGIES FORIMPROVEMENT
  36. 36. Thank You
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