International Efforts in Developing Early WarningSystems in the Asia-Pacific RegionABU/ESCAP/UNESCO Workshop on Emergency Warnings andCommunications for Disaster Risk Reduction18-19 June 2013, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaMr. Alf Ivar Blikberg, Programme OfficerTrust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and Climate PreparednessUnited Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
Asia-Pacific is the Most Disaster Prone Regionin the WorldSource: ESCAP based on data from EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster DatabaseDisasters by region (1980-2011)
Asia-Pacific Hard Hit by 2008 Financial CrisisChange in growth rates in GDP and exports of developing Asia-Pacific (percentage)-30-20-1001020302006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (p)GDP exports services exports merchandise
ESCAP in Disaster Risk ReductionESCAP promotes disaster risk reductionas an integral part of securing inclusiveand sustainable development for people inthe Asia-Pacific region, in collaborationwith its members, associate members andpartners.Modalities•Convening authority•Regional coordination•Knowledge sharing and networking•Advocacy
ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessBackground/history:•2004: Indian Ocean Tsunami - recognition of need for aneffective regional disaster preparedness mechanism.•2005: Tsunami Regional Trust Fund established –US$ 10 million grant from Royal Thai Government to supporttsunami early warning in Indian Ocean and Southeast Asiancountries.•2010: Scope expanded to also include disaster and climatepreparedness, with a continued focus on coastal hazards. Namechanged to Trust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and ClimatePreparedness.
ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessRole:Financial support for end-to-end earlywarning systems, focusing primarily oncoastal hazards in Indian Ocean andSoutheast Asian countries.Funding priorities – three pillars:•Regional intergovernmentalmechanisms•Specific country needs•Civil society innovations andprivate sector initiatives
Risk knowledgeSystematically collectdata and undertakerisk assessmentsMonitoring andwarning serviceDevelop hazardmonitoring andearly warningservicesDissemination /communicationCommunicate riskinformation andearly warningsResponsecapabilityBuild national andcommunity responsecapabilitiesESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessEnd-to-End Early Warning
ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessDonor contributions:Thailand: $ 10 millionSweden: $ 2.9 millionTurkey: $ 200,000Philippines: $ 20,000Bangladesh: $ 10,000Nepal: $ 5,000Total: $13,135,000(all figures in US$, as of May 2013)
ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessUN partners:ISDR, UNDP, WMO, IOC-UNESCO, UNEP, OCHAGrant recipients:Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), Asian DisasterReduction Center (ADRC), IOC-UNESCO, UNDP Maldives, SriLanka Disaster Management Center, Maldives MeteorologicalService, UNDP Indonesia, UNESCO Indonesia, Asia-PacificBroadcasting Union (ABU), UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Centre,Raks Thai Foundation, RIMES, Typhoon Committee
ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessSignificant progress made since 2005 includes:•Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System operational in 2011,with India, Indonesia and Australia as regional serviceproviders;•Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System forAfrica and Asia (RIMES) established in 2009/2010, providingcost-effective early warning services and products; and,•Progress in risk assessments, SOP development and responsecapability in several countries.
ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessBut significant needs and gaps remain:•Continued awareness raising and testing/updating of SOPs isneeded (an early warning system is never ‘complete’);•Certain countries have still very limited domestic capacity;•Challenge: reaching the ‘last mile’ (most vulnerable people andcommunities, often in remote areas) with early warning, thusthe involvement of medias broadcasters is needed.=> Actors receiving Trust Fund support have recommended amore integrated, coordinated approach, particularly related toSOPs (Bangkok, May 2013)