130618 escap abu kuala lumpur presentation

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  • 06/20/13
  • Regional coordination - chairing the UN Regional Coordination Mechanism Knowledge sharing and networking - through analytical work, capacity building etc. Advocacy - MDGs, HFA, social protection, and cross-border issues
  • 06/20/13

Transcript

  • 1. International Efforts in Developing Early WarningSystems in the Asia-Pacific RegionABU/ESCAP/UNESCO Workshop on Emergency Warnings andCommunications for Disaster Risk Reduction18-19 June 2013, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaMr. Alf Ivar Blikberg, Programme OfficerTrust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and Climate PreparednessUnited Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
  • 2. Asia-Pacific is the Most Disaster Prone Regionin the WorldSource: ESCAP based on data from EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster DatabaseDisasters by region (1980-2011)
  • 3. 0501001502002503003501980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010Economic damage (Billion dollars 2005) Expon. (Economic damage (Billion dollars 2005))China:DroughtJapan: Great EastJapan EarthquakeChina: SichuanEarthquakeTurkey:EarthquakeUnited States:Katrina StormJapan: KobeEarthquakeAlgeria: ElAsnamEarthquakeIran: Manjil-RudbarEarthquakeJapan:ChūetsuEarthquakeSpain:FloodsEconomic Losses from Disasters are Rising Globally
  • 4. Asia-Pacific Hard Hit by 2008 Financial CrisisChange in growth rates in GDP and exports of developing Asia-Pacific (percentage)-30-20-1001020302006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (p)GDP exports services exports merchandise
  • 5. ESCAP in Disaster Risk ReductionESCAP promotes disaster risk reductionas an integral part of securing inclusiveand sustainable development for people inthe Asia-Pacific region, in collaborationwith its members, associate members andpartners.Modalities•Convening authority•Regional coordination•Knowledge sharing and networking•Advocacy
  • 6. ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessBackground/history:•2004: Indian Ocean Tsunami - recognition of need for aneffective regional disaster preparedness mechanism.•2005: Tsunami Regional Trust Fund established –US$ 10 million grant from Royal Thai Government to supporttsunami early warning in Indian Ocean and Southeast Asiancountries.•2010: Scope expanded to also include disaster and climatepreparedness, with a continued focus on coastal hazards. Namechanged to Trust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and ClimatePreparedness.
  • 7. ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessRole:Financial support for end-to-end earlywarning systems, focusing primarily oncoastal hazards in Indian Ocean andSoutheast Asian countries.Funding priorities – three pillars:•Regional intergovernmentalmechanisms•Specific country needs•Civil society innovations andprivate sector initiatives
  • 8. Risk knowledgeSystematically collectdata and undertakerisk assessmentsMonitoring andwarning serviceDevelop hazardmonitoring andearly warningservicesDissemination /communicationCommunicate riskinformation andearly warningsResponsecapabilityBuild national andcommunity responsecapabilitiesESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessEnd-to-End Early Warning
  • 9. ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessDonor contributions:Thailand: $ 10 millionSweden: $ 2.9 millionTurkey: $ 200,000Philippines: $ 20,000Bangladesh: $ 10,000Nepal: $ 5,000Total: $13,135,000(all figures in US$, as of May 2013)
  • 10. ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessUN partners:ISDR, UNDP, WMO, IOC-UNESCO, UNEP, OCHAGrant recipients:Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), Asian DisasterReduction Center (ADRC), IOC-UNESCO, UNDP Maldives, SriLanka Disaster Management Center, Maldives MeteorologicalService, UNDP Indonesia, UNESCO Indonesia, Asia-PacificBroadcasting Union (ABU), UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Centre,Raks Thai Foundation, RIMES, Typhoon Committee
  • 11. ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessSignificant progress made since 2005 includes:•Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System operational in 2011,with India, Indonesia and Australia as regional serviceproviders;•Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System forAfrica and Asia (RIMES) established in 2009/2010, providingcost-effective early warning services and products; and,•Progress in risk assessments, SOP development and responsecapability in several countries.
  • 12. ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami,Disaster and Climate PreparednessBut significant needs and gaps remain:•Continued awareness raising and testing/updating of SOPs isneeded (an early warning system is never ‘complete’);•Certain countries have still very limited domestic capacity;•Challenge: reaching the ‘last mile’ (most vulnerable people andcommunities, often in remote areas) with early warning, thusthe involvement of medias broadcasters is needed.=> Actors receiving Trust Fund support have recommended amore integrated, coordinated approach, particularly related toSOPs (Bangkok, May 2013)