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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Presnt Duncan O.Doc

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  • 1. Okono Duncan PSY492 – Advance General Psychology M6 – Assignment 3 Instructor: Dube August 14, 2011
  • 2.
    • To understand the term co-occurring disorders
    • To ensure that people are aware of Co-occurring Mental Illness and Substance Abuse
    • Common Disorders that Co-occur with Substance Abuse
    • To understand the possible causes and consequences of Co-occurring Disorders
    • To ensure proper assessment and treatment approaches
    • Barriers to effective treatment for Co-occurring Disorders
  • 3.
    • Individuals who have two separate, but interrelated diagnosis, DRA (2009).
    • A mental disorder that co-exists with alcohol and/or substance abuse (NIH).
    • An individual who simultaneously has mental illness and abuses alcohol and other substances
  • 4.
    • 50% of individual with severe mental illness also have substance abuse problems
    • 37% of alcohol abusers and 53% of drug abusers also have at least one mental illness
    • Of all individuals diagnosed with mental, 29% abuse either drugs or alcohol
  • 5.
    • Mood Disorders
    • Major Depression
    • Bipolar Disorder
    • Anxiety Related Disorders
    • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder
    • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    • Panic Disorder
    • Severe mental Illness
    • Schizophrenia
    • Schizoaffective Disorder
  • 6.
    • Depression and Bipolar Disorder are common mood disorders that affect many people and signs and symptoms include but not limited to (Grella, 2003):
    • A depressed mood
    • Lack of interest in hobbies
    • An excessive sleep
    • Fatigue
    • Inability to concentrate
    • Suicidal thoughts
  • 7.
    • Psychiatric disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder can lead to dependence on alcohol and other drugs
    • Psychiatric symptoms often mimic symptoms of substance abuse (depression, mania, invincibility, impaired thinking, low self-esteem, etc..)
    • People tend to self medicate to alleviate the symptoms of their disorder
    • Substance abuse usually worsen mental illness
  • 8.
    • There are many consequences of co-occurring disorders (Perron, B. E., Bunger, A., Bender, K., Vaughn, M. G., & Howard, M. O. (2010):
    • Increase risk for violence
    • Failure to comply with medication
    • Experience frequent episodes of psychosis
    • More likely to end up in jail or homeless
    • Unsuccessful treatment outcomes
    • The presents of substance abuse and mental illness is often unrecognizable
    • Family problems
  • 9.
    • A multiservice approach is absolutely necessary to ensure the cycle does not continue.
    • Integrated treatment will enable recovery, improve health, and alleviate some of the stress on family.
    • Higher chance of both disorders being recognized
    • Individual can be able to get housing, jobs, develop social skills, as well as learn techniques that will help them to stay away from drugs and understand their disorder
  • 10.
    • Effective treatment include treatment for both disorders and by the same professional in an integrated approach
    • Psycho educational classes
    • Consistency within treatment model with no division between the two.
    • Cognitive and behavioral counseling in group setting, individual, family therapy or a combination of all.
    • Support Groups (AA, 12 –step, etc.)Social networks that encourage healing should be reinforced
    • Clients should learn how to be aware of triggers that may lead them back to an unhealthy lifestyle
    • Cultural sensitivity – services that is tailored towards African American (homelessness, and single mothers)
    • Relapse prevention
  • 11.
    • Young, N. K., & Grella, C. E. (1998). Mental health and substance abuse treatment services for dually diagnosed clients: Results of a Statewide Survey of County Administrators. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research , 25(1), 83. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
    • Harvard Mental Health Letter (2003). Dual Diagnosis: Part I. SIRS Researcher. Retrieved from http://sks.sirs.com.
    • Harvard Mental Health Letter (2003). Dual Diagnosis: Part II. SIRS Researcher. Retrieved from http://sks.sirs.com.
    • Mayo Clinic Health Letter (1998). Depression. Retrieved from SIRS Researchers.
    • Minkoff, K. (2006). A Review of: “Treating Co-Occurring Disorders: A Handbook for Mental Health and Substance Abuse Professionals”. American Journal on Addictions, 15(5), 407-408.
    • Grella, C. E. (2003). Contrasting the Views of Substance Misuse and Mental Health Treatment Providers on Treating the Dually Diagnosed#. Substance Use & Misuse , 38(10), 1433-1446. Retrieved from EBSCO host .