South Africa  Contact Issue 2 2012
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South Africa Contact Issue 2 2012

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Light and heat from the sun is the most abundant energy source on earth.The solar energy that hits our planet’s surface in one hour is about equal to the amount of energy consumed by all human ...

Light and heat from the sun is the most abundant energy source on earth.The solar energy that hits our planet’s surface in one hour is about equal to the amount of energy consumed by all human activities in a year. Moreover, electricity generated by solar power is emission-free and can help mitigate climate change as well as reduce our dependence on finite carbon-based energy sources.

ABB offers a range of solutions that not just help capture the sun’s rays in the most effective manner but also help achieve grid parity.

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South Africa  Contact Issue 2 2012 South Africa Contact Issue 2 2012 Document Transcript

  • 2 | 12 contact The customer magazine of ABB in India, Middle East & AfricaGenerating power from the sunMotor racing goes green 06The International Solar Challenge promotes alternative energy innovationTransforming energy systems 17Saudi Arabia enters a new solar eraSpurring Africa’s growth 24Custom-made solar solutions for a continent on the move
  • 06 Motor racing goes green The International Solar Challenge promotes alternative energy innovation 10 Shining a light on EURO 2012 Centralized intelligent lighting for large spacescontact 2|12 Dear friends, ABB has extensive experience in the solar Blessed with an abundance of sunshine, power industry since the early 1990s much of the African continent receives when we developed an automation up to 325 days of sunlight a year. The platform for the world’s first test facility potential is enormous–harnessing solar for concentrating solar power. Since then from just 0.3 percent of North Africa we have contributed significantly to solar could meet all of the energy requirements power developments in Africa, Asia, of the European Union. Europe and America. With the demand for electricity growing We have optimized our technology to exponentially in developing countries, generate approximately 15 percent more renewable energy is starting to assume energy than conventional alternatives. a crucial role, especially as even mature economies are switching to In this issue of Contact we focus on solarCarlos Pone energy-efficient technologies that lower technologies that will unlock the potentialCEO, South Africa environmental impact. in solar energy developments around theSub-Regional Manager, Southern globe. I trust that you will find this anAfrica As a clean, unlimited and safe energy engaging and informative read. source, solar has assumed a key role, as unlike its energy producing oil Best regards, counterpart, solar creates absolutely no pollution. This could possibly be one of solar energy’s most important Carlos Pone advantages.Contact 2|  1 2 • Customer news magazine from ABB • copyright 2012 • web: www.abb.com • email: contactmagazine@in.abb.com • Publisher: ABB Group• Layout: Shilahar Associates, Bangalore, India • Cover picture: De Nittis PV plant, Foggia – Puglia, Italy2 contact 2 | 12
  • Table of contents 22 Solar integration and export Dedicated solutions for grid integration and commercialization of solar power19 Clean power from Mozambique Songo-Apollo HVDC link to transmit 2 gigawatts power from the hydro plant on the Zambezi river to neighboring South AfricaLocal news 16 Going green with hybrid power plants Complementing fuel generation with solar 04 Enabling substation communication energy for higher output Seamless controls for complex supply 17 Transforming energy systems networks Saudi Arabia enters a new solar era07 Spotlight falls on solar desalination 18 Powering one of India’s largest solar plants Innovative, energy-efficient technology for 40 MW grid-connected solar power plant potable water commissioned in five monthsGlobal news Events08 Energy storage – why do we need it? 20 Increasing energy efficiency in hotels Delivering reliable power on demand 21 Managing a precious resourceFeature For a better world12 Harnessing Italy’s solar power potential 23 Leading through innovation Delivering 14 PV power plants in Italy Highly efficient CSP power plantsIn focus Glimpses of ABB15 Lethabo plant goes on stream 24 Spurring Africa’s growth Complementing fuel generation with solar Custom-made solar solutions for a continent energy for higher output on the move contact 2 | 12 3
  • Local newsEnabling substation communication KNX solution is aSeamless controls for complex supply winnernetworks 10 percent saving at Family Park project in Egypt At the KNX Top Event 2012 held at the Light and Building Fair in Frankfurt, Germany, ABB in Egypt, previously nominated in 2006 and 2010, was nominated for the Family Park project in New Cairo City, together with Egyptian Company for Intelligent Building – a certified system integrator. We emerged one of the top five winners. The KNX Award honors some of the worlds most outstanding projects for home and building services technology. Our project was singled out from the 15,000 projects submitted and the 40 nominated. On receiving the award, Tamer Hamdy, Manager for KNX smart building systems Digital control systems now form an installed ABB products with the Areva and wiring accessories, ABB in Egypt, said,integral part of modern substations and SCADA work station via IEC 60850-101 set “KNX is an energy-efficient solution forfor these systems to operate seamlessly of standards that allows for interoperability modern buildings. It is no more a luxury,standard communication protocols are vital between products from different vendors. now it is a necessity in the constructionas they connect the constituent parts of Just one month prior to this, the same sector to fulfil energy saving regulations.the substation. Substation communication solution was implemented at the Alexandria ABB is very proud to contribute to a betterprotocols carry numerical data which is Regional Control Center, in which our future with innovative solutions.”exchanged between the control center RTU 560 products connected the 66 kV The Family Park project features fullyand the various substations connected transformer substations with Siemens automated lighting, dimming, visualizationto it. This achieves real time network SCADA, using the IEC 60870-101 special monitoring, and control systems. KNXrepresentation and facilitates remote profile protocol. This greatly improved our solutions cover a landscape of 160,000control of switching devices. This is how chances to participate in the Alex RCC square meters featuring all lighting controlsubstation automation provides the utilities upgrading tender. circuits, dimming circuits in some areas,the necessary tools to meet their objectives. Among the far-reaching effects of this different operation scenarios such asFully digital automation systems use RTUs, achievement, our Power Systems standing central monitoring, current detection perbay computers, gateways and numerical in the region will be strengthened, and circuit and touch screens for local control inrelays, all communicating over standard this will reflect in an increase in market some areas. In all, 4,500 meters of controlprotocols such as IEC 60850-101. share, giving us a real chance to participate cables were installed to link all control However, the true triumph of technology in forthcoming telecommunication andlies in its region-specific application and network projects like the Upper Egyptsuccess. Nowhere was this more apparent RCC LOT 1 and 2 projects.than in the challenge that our Power For more information:Systems division faced in Egypt, when www.abb.com/controlsystemsinstalling substations that had to interfacewith Areva’s supervisory control and data(SCADA) system. It took the engineering team, led byKhaled Abdallah and Medhat Yassin andably supported by Benn Doer and histechnical team from Germany, 20 monthsof hard work to create a solution thatsuccessfully linked the 500/200 kilovolts(kv) transformer substations via our RTU560 products in the National EgyptianControl Center. The team successfully4 contact 2 | 12
  • Local news Lighting up Cairo Festival City Stable, reliable power systemspanels, monitoring status of operation forall motors, irrigation pumps and valves inthe park. According to our calculations,the end customer can achieve an averagesaving of 10 percent in power consumptionthrough the technology. Based on the proven KNX technology,accepted as the world’s first openstandard, ABB’s i-bus ® KNX supportsbuilding system engineering with intelligentand networked room and building controlsfor lighting, shade, heating, ventilation andair conditioning and allows flexibility withplanning and implementation. Over the last 13 years our company hasexecuted around 240 similar projects inEgypt and more in Tunisia, Algeria, Kenyaand Syria. In Egypt, some of our projectsinclude integrated solutions for the NileCity Towers and Lafarge headquarters;lighting controls and room managementsystems in the hotel sector in Cairo andAlexandria; in addition to solutions for the Cairo Festival City is a lifestyle concept “Our comprehensive offering, domaincommercial and banking sectors. where office, home and leisure are united knowledge and track record have helped ABB in Egypt established the first in a ‘new mixed-use urban development.’ us establish ABB as a leading player in thecertified KNX training center in Africa in Situated in the metropolitan Greater Cairo Egyptian market,” adds Magdy Mahmoud,2009, offering the best KNX solutions for area, it will attract an estimated footfall of manager of Substations business in Egypt.energy saving in buildings, and providing 750,000 per week and provide employment “We are proud to contribute to this megaimproved energy efficiency solutions for for over 5,000 people. project.”buildings and green cities, thus supporting The turnkey 100 megavolt ampere On completion, Cairo Festival City willthe main network in saving energy and substation that will power the development accommodate around 13,000 residents,covering multiple areas. was completed by ABB in Egypt for Carillion from the large luxury Oriana villas toFor more information: www.abb.com/knx Construction Limited. The air-insulated spectacular apartments, offering a range switchgear (AIS) substation ensures reliable of lifestyles for families, single persons and power supply to Al-Futtaim Group Real working professionals.” Estate’s mega project spanning three million For more information: www.abb.com/substations square meters, and connects it to the national distribution grid. Key products supplied included power transformers, air-insulated switchgear, neutral point earthing equipment, and auxiliary systems and cables. We also supplied IEC 61850 substation automation, control, protection and metering systems, including equipment to enable remote monitoring and control. In addition, our building management system (BMS) solution simplifies monitoring and control of all substation buildings, including heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. The substations are equipped with capacitor banks, to reduce electricity losses and enhance stability by improving the networks power factor, which is an indicator of the usable power available in the grid. contact 2 | 12 5
  • Local newsUniversity of Johannesburgs solar-powered race carMotor racing goes greenThe International Solar Challenge provides a common platform for academics,racing enthusiasts and industry professionals to develop and promote alternativeenergy carsA t the internationally acclaimed participate in this challenge, each team of the various systems onboard the vehicle. Solar Challenge that took place in UJ students participates in the project over “Going green is great for the environment South Africa in September 2012, a three-year period from undergraduate as alternative energy is a better solution. ABB sponsored two alternative to postgraduate level. This encourages However, if we don’t manage the way weenergy race cars. The cars, designed, knowledge transfer and peer monitoring. store and use alternative energy we aremanufactured and raced by students Two dedicated teams of 24 undergraduates being just as wasteful,” said Keagan Smith,from the University of Johannesburg (UJ) and four Master‘s students who provide one of UJ’s Alternative Energy Vehiclecompeted in the 5,400 kilometer rally mentoring, worked on the cars. project engineers, “ABB’s technology allowsaround the country. Although the vehicles looked aesthetically for the efficient use of our energy sources.” The unique concept – of cars fueled similar, they were each charged by different The innovative solutions that areby renewables – was the basis for UJ’s power plants. The hydrogen vehicle used developed through the education andAlternative Energy Vehicle project, which a hydrogen fuel cell to charge the batteries awareness obtained during the race indicatebegan in 2010. Our Control Technologies and drive the electric motor. A hydrogen that individuals, utilities and goverments arebusiness took a keen interest in the fuel cell takes hydrogen and oxygen trying to find alternative ways to provideprogress of the project, and has since and produces electricity in a chemical energy. Even though the race is called thesponsored equipment to upgrade the race reaction. The by-product released during Solar Challenge, the aim is to showcasecars in a distinctively competitive manner. the chemical reaction is water, which makes different alternative energy solutions toEach car was equipped with a Freelance the hydrogen fuel cell an ideal candidate combat declining petroleum supply andControl System as well as a Compact 800 to promote clean energy. cater to the increasing demand for energy.system. Our state-of-the-art technology On the other hand, the turbine vehicle For more information: www.abb.com/solarallowed the cars to maximize the energy used an electric generator mechanicallyused, while optimizing their efficiency, coupled to a gas turbine in order to chargerange and speed. the batteries and drive the electric motor. A The two-week countrywide endurance single turbine and a turbo-prop convertedchallenge took place in September and the thrust generated into rotational motionuniversity students from around the globe at revolutions per minute (RPM). Thetraversed some of the most arduous rotational motion produced by the turbineterrain South Africa has to offer. This was used to drive the electric generator.was a groundbreaking effort that brought The turbine operated on kerosene-typetogether students, academics and industry jet fuel, but can also operate on methaneprofessionals to develop and promote and other bio-fuels. Both vehicles had aalternative energy innovation. fiberglass shell, devised by industrial design As the first South African team to students, which served as protection for6 contact 2 | 12
  • Local newsSpotlight falls on solardesalinationInnovative, energy-efficient technology addresses the challenge of providing freshdrinking water in water-scarcity zonesA t present, countries in the option for use of solar energy and Middle East face a major ABB has a strong focus towards solar water challenge due to the desalination plant opportunities which scarcity and rapid depletion are of particular importance to thisof freshwater resources. This is further region.”complicated by the heavy financial and At the conference, a white papereconomic burden in providing desalinated on ‘Solar Desalination: Importantand treated wastewater. ABB’s innovative Technology Aspects,’ was presented byenergy-efficient technology for the water Shrikant Bhat, Control and Optimizationindustry evoked a lively discussion at the Group, Research Department, andevent, among researchers, executives, Senthilmurugan S, from Water Industrydecision and policy makers, and other Sector Initiative.stakeholders. In addition, we hosted a networking Discussions at the 10th Gulf Water booth to discuss and present solutions,Conference in Doha, Qatar, covered systems and products for the waterwater security and food sustainability, industry with specific focus onmanagement of natural resources, desalination, solar, pumping stations,groundwater and surface water, water distribution and irrigation networks.management of the municipal water For more information: www.abb.com/solarsector and desalination technologies –the topic we focused on. Solar desalination is a techniqueused to desalinate water using solarenergy. High drinkable water scarcityzones usually correspond to high DirectNormal Irradiance (DNI) areas such asthe Middle East. ABB offers products forthe complete water cycle from collection,through purification and transportationto distribution and re-use, servingcustomers with enhanced, efficient andreliable products and solutions.Focus on energy efficiency Desalination plants play an essentialrole where increasing demand forpotable water outpaces the availability ofnatural resources. Our portfolio includesa wide range of products and solutionsfor Reverse Osmosis (RO), Multi-StageFlash (MSF), Multiple-Effect Distillation(MED) and hybrid desalination plants,with a specific focus on energy efficiency. Leading innovation in solar desalination technology Juha Alopaeus, Country Manager,ABB in Qatar, attended various sessionsat the conference during the three days.He said: “The event offered a usefulplatform to discuss ABB’s technologygeared towards the water industry. Solardesalination offers the most promising contact 2 | 12 7
  • Global newsEnergy storage –why do we need it?Delivery of power on demand depends on reliable energy storesto provide power bridges that support short-term gaps, safeshutdown and back-up needs I t’s not that energy storage is a whole new changes and can only generate power concept, it has, in fact, been an integral intermittently and with a highly variable component of electricity generation, output. This is where energy storage plays transmission and distribution systems for a crucial part in supporting the grid − more than a century. Traditionally, energy when the wind is blowing or the sun is storage needs have been met by physically shining, excess power should be stored storing fuels for fossil-fuelled power plants, and made available during both, suboptimal and by using generated power in pumped generating conditions and during peak hydro storage schemes. demand. Recently however, there has been a Such fundamental changes in the shift in the power landscape towards using architecture and controllability of the grid and integrating renewable energy, mostly must be supported by smart, efficient power wind and solar energy. Although renewable transmission and distribution networks. For power generation is more sustainable in these networks to deliver and distribute the long run, the delivery of reliable power power efficiently, the storage of energy at on demand remains a major challenge. appropriate times and locations becomes Wind and solar power installations vital; both, to balance generation with are affected by seasonal and diurnal consumption, and to maintain grid stability.8 contact 2 | 12
  • Global newsThe right energy storage solution for To provide additional power to the grid Dynamic energy storage installationthe job on demand, we supplied and installed in the UK ABB has a long history of delivering a battery energy storage solution using ABB recently worked with UK Powerenergy storage solutions, including pumped Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries that can Networks, which supplies power to overhydropower schemes that go back over a provide one megawatt of power for a eight million homes and businesses incentury and more than a decade’s experience duration of 15 minutes. the UK, to develop a dynamic energyin battery energy storage systems. The storage facility is integrated with storage solution. The installation enables Our technologies address a wide range of EKZ’s power distribution network and is renewable energy generated by local windpower needs from merely tens of kilowatts being used to evaluate performance in power plants to be fed into the powerup to hundreds of megawatts, thus, utilities, key areas such as balancing peak loads, network when needed. It also ensures thatindustrial customers and rail operators intermittent power supply and the viability some of the energy is kept in reserve toaround the world continue to deploy these of the solution for grid optimization. regulate power flow to compensate for thetechnologies. These facilities help balance intermittence of wind power and to supportpower demands and supplies, by stabilizing Battery energy storage increases the power quality in the event of a fault.network voltages and frequencies, providing role of renewables in Sweden To meet these needs, we implemented apower bridges to support short-term gaps, Falbygdens Energi is a Swedish utility turnkey DynaPeaQ® solution, incorporatingand safe shutdown and back-up needs. with a significant portion of wind power SVC Light®, which included eight stacksEventually, our solutions are designed to connected to the grid in the Swedish city of 13 Li-ion battery modules located in anenhance flexibility, increase energy securities of Falköping. 11 kV grid.and minimize environmental impacts. ABB was selected to supply an Together, these high-power density Examples of our recent installations innovative dynamic energy storage solution, modules can store up to 200 kilowatt hoursworldwide include Switzerland, Sweden for the utility’s power distribution network, (kWh) of electrical energy.and the UK. to maximize the integration of renewables The installation provides dynamic voltage into the power chain. For this project, we control in the distribution system and, atSwitzerland’s largest battery energy utilized our battery energy storage expertise the same time, enables dynamic storagestorage project to store locally produced energy from wind of surplus energy from the wind power ABB recently commissioned the largest turbines to create a storage capacity of plant. This surplus energy is used to levelbattery energy storage project of its 75 kilowatts (kW) in cycles of up to 60 out peaks in grid loading to provide gridkind in Switzerland with EKZ, a leading minutes. The stored energy will then be stability.distribution utility and one of the largest used to stabilize the grid and help balance For more information:energy companies in Switzerland. peak loads during the day. www.abb.com/energyefficiency contact 2 | 12 9
  • Global newsShininga light onEURO 201260,000 football fans enjoyed ideal lightingconditions throughout the Group matchesand during the knockout stages withcentralized, intelligent lighting controls forlarge spacesA s the 14th UEFA European look at the action on the pitch. During the connected the lighting systems in the Football Championship EURO three Group B matches, in the evenings, stadium from the locker rooms to the 2012, kicked off, all eyes were fans and players alike, depended on optimal VIP lounge and the KNX-based building on Poland, one of the hosts of lighting throughout the stadium, creating control system helped rapidly control thethe event, where 16 teams were battling bright moments off the field. Our control brightness and light so that the fans gotit out for the coveted trophy. system ensured that no one had to sit or the best football experience. On June 9, 2012, 30,000 football fans play in the dark. It provided centralized Many English and French football fansgathered beneath the lights controlled control of lighting systems and, through its had already experienced optimal lightingby ABB’s i-bus ® KNX technology at the intelligent software provided energy-efficient at the airport of Donetsk, Ukraine, whereArena Lviv stadium in the Ukraine while lighting by optimizing the brightness of the our modern building system technologieswatching Germany play Portugal at Arena stadium to suit the natural light conditions. controlled the lights, and guided footballLviv, a dedicated football stadium and one On June 11, Sweden played Ukraine fans towards their group matches.of eight around the world to host UEFA’s in the first of the tournament matches ABB has been part of such big events inEuro 2012. at the Stadium, in Kiev. At this stadium stadiums similar to those used in the Euro Although the stadium was reputed to 60,000 football fans enjoyed ideal lighting Cup on earlier occasions, like the 2010be the smallest venue, rather than its size conditions throughout the group’s matches World Cup. At this event we supplied dry-counting against it, proved to be an added and during the knockout stages. type transformers which served the Greenattraction for football fans for an up close One hundred i-bus KNX DALI gateways Point stadium in Cape Town, which has10 contact 2 | 12
  • Global news Our technologies make us partners in major sports stadiums around the worlda retractable roof and a seating capacityof 68,000. Similar transformers in the 500to 1000 kVA range have been installed KNX: One system. One standard.in the Soccer City stadium, located inSoweto, Johannesburg. This stadium, with Many interconnected functions.a seating capacity of around 100,000, was – Maximum flexibilitythe focal point of the tournament and was – Offers safety and security for both people and propertychosen as the venue for the opening and – Energy–saving with climate, shutter, heating and lighting controlclosing ceremonies and key matches of – Quick and simple adaptation to individual needs and use of premises, suchthe tournament. as sports stadiumsFor more information: www.abb.com/knx – Replaces separate control solutions typical of technology with a single, optimal, energy–efficient system contact 2 | 12 11
  • Feature DeNittis PV plant, Foggia – Puglia, Italy Photovaltaic panels12 contact 2 | 12
  • FeatureHarnessingItaly’s solarpower potentialSuccessful delivery of 14 photovoltaic power plants in Italy witha combined generating capacity of 100 MW in just 9 months2 011 was a year of intense activity in the solar photovoltaic (PV) market. With new installations adding 29 gigawatts (GW) of solar energy ABB solar offeringsacross the globe, the solar PV marketmarked a tremendous 58 percent year-on- – Turnkey solution – design, engi- – Remote monitoring, operation,year growth. Italy came to the forefront as neering, supply, installation and diagnostics and maintenancethe single largest solar market, for the first commissioning from a dedicated control center intime overtaking Germany, the world leader – Quick turnaround – qualifies our a remote locationin PV. As the engineering, procurement and customers for high feed-in tariff – Full range of power and automa-construction (EPC) partner of 14 PV plants, – Trusted engineering, procurement tion equipment − transformers,ABB was ready to step up to the challenge and construction (EPC) consortium switchgear, inverters, protectionwhen the window of opportunity appeared. partner devices, medium voltage cabi-We are proud of having taken part in this – Best-in-class substation monitor- nets, medium and high voltagedefining moment in Italy’s solar power ing and control system − efficiently cables, distributed control sys-industry especially as this is a success transfers power from plant to grid tems and control software, lowwe can replicate elsewhere in the world. – High optimization and low power voltage systems, auxiliary systems losses − push peak performance (such as lighting and ventilation)The challenge ratio above customer expectations Setting up the 24 megawatt (MW) – Electrical balance of plant (EBoP)Canino PV power plant in Lazio was a test solutionof our mettle in end-to-end project delivery.There were many layers of complexity in theexecution of the project: hilly terrain, poor contact 2 | 12 13
  • Feature soil condition, the magnitude of installation for a large-scale roof-top PV plant. Located over a 95-hectare site and just as daunting, on the roof of a commercial building in management of a 500-strong workforce. the town of Cairo Montenotte, the plant Civil works, installation and commissioning incorporates 3,840 PV panels on fixed were carried out simultaneously at different structures and provides 0.864 MW of places on the site and the plant was electric power. This power is not used by delivered in just five months. the facility; instead it is transferred to a 15 The Canino plant supplies 103,488 kilovolt (kV) distribution network. modules, making it the largest lease financing PV project ever undertaken in Italy. As a The success result of high optimization and substantially Our turnkey solutions reduce the cost lower power losses, the site is operating at and risk of constructing and operating 87 percent instead of the expected peak photovoltaic power plants, consequently performance ratio of 81.5 percent. allowing for rapid deployment. It was a real In Foggia, three plants with a combined challenge to meet the time constraints on capacity of 39 MW were completed six the delivery of all 14 power plants. Even so, weeks ahead of schedule. We were 12 were completed ahead of schedule and responsible for remote monitoring the a 24 MW plant was built and commissioned plants from a dedicated PV control center in five months.A trusted partner for turnkey solar PV plants in Genoa, almost 400 miles distant. Also There is good reason why we are second in Foggia, four plants in a 10-kilometer to none in speed and efficiency: for one, area were set up three weeks ahead of as leaders in power and automation, we time, despite delays caused by heavy draw on our vast manufacturing capacity Over a period of 45 years winter rains. The multi-plant project has for solutions. Both, procurement channels we have successfully a combined capacity of 15 MW. and supply chain processes are designed The Helios ITA-3 parks with two 5 MW for speed and efficiency. Secondly, we completed 300 EPC plants, in Brindisi and Mesagne were meet pressing deadlines by successfully projects worldwide in completed in under ten weeks, well ahead collaborating with local subcontractors in diverse industries. of schedule and under budget. Each plant Italy with a proven track record. Lastly, our comprises 22,500 polycrystalline modules EPC competence and electrical expertise mounted on single-axis trackers. Remote come into play in managing and executing operation and maintenance are carried out complex processes on site. via the control center in Genoa. In conclusion, we have a long and In Sicily our company was the EPC successful track record as EPC partners. contractor for Falck Renewables that Over a period of 45 years we have operates solar, wind, biomass and waste- successfully completed 300 EPC projects to-energy plants in Italy, UK, France and worldwide in diverse industries – power Spain. The three PV power plants at generation, oil and gas and water, to name Spinasanta, Cardonita and Sugherotorto a few. With our EPC center of excellence with a combined generating capacity of located in Genoa we were perfectly 13.1 MW use almost 57,000 photovoltaic positioned to execute turnkey projects cells and a support structure at a tilt angle for the local Italian market. of 20 degrees. For more information: www.abb.com/solar In Liguria we provided a turnkey solution Did you know? ABB has long been at the forefront of solutions for the world’s first the solar power industry. integrated solar and combined cycle In the 1980s ABB developed the plant power plants in Algeria, Egypt and automation platform for the world’s the United States. first concentrating solar power (CSP) And, in PV power plants we have an test facility in Spain, and is now a extensive reference list of solutions leading supplier of turnkey CSP plants that not only covers the length and based on the uniquely cost-effective breadth of Italy, but much of the technology of its partner, Novatec Solar. northern Mediterranean as well. In 2010 we delivered comprehensive14 contact 2 | 12
  • In focusLethabo plant goeson streamABB builds first South African solar power plant in record time as part of a pilotscheme to reduce the national utilitys carbon footprint system that optimizes the number of panels connected to each inverter enabling the plant to harness more energy at all times, even during periods of poor light like dawn, dusk and cloudy weather. ABB’s turnkey solution included the design, engineering, erection, grid connection and commissioning of the groundbreaking solar plants. The electrical, control and automation equipment as well as the optimization technologies to be deployed were also manufactured by us. Rapid delivery was facilitated by our well-proven concept of pre-assembled, factory-tested electrical balance of plant modules, and by our expertise in project execution, which, in the case of Lethabo and Kendal, have cut weeks off the conventional delivery time to enable the plants to be fully operational in record time. For more information: www.abb.com/solarThe inaugural ceremony at the Lethabo solar PV plant in November 2011 “The world-class technology will give ABB inC South Africa the opportunity to transfer skills ompleting the first South African an annual production potential of 11.4 in solar technology, further complementing solar power plant in record time, million kWh. This project was successfully and enhancing local capabilities in engineering and project management." ABB has surpassed industry launched on November 25, 2011. expectations. The greenfield Both PV projects form part of a pilot – Goetz-Dietrich Wolffphotovoltaic (PV) power plant, based scheme aimed at eventually reducing Manager of Power Generation business inadjacent to the Lethabo power station Eskom’s carbon footprint. To optimize South Africain Gauteng, was completed in just 75 productivity, high-efficiency ABBdays and will provide power for the plant’s monocrystalline PV panels were selectedadministration buildings, while reducing because of their uniquely efficient conceptthe facility’s auxiliary power consumption. for PV power plants. The approach The Lethabo project, which was combined high levels of customization, rapidcommissioned by Eskom, South turnkey delivery and system optimizationAfrica’s national utility, was inaugurated technologies that enable the plants toin November 2011 by national Public generate around 20 percent more energyEnterprises Minister, Malusi Gigaba. ABB than alternative designs.was tasked with pioneering a single axis The PV plants are designed to operatetracking solar PV system with a peaking independently to produce electrical powercapacity of 575 kilowatts (kW) and an for use by the existing power stations andannual production potential of 12.5 million will be capable of remote operation andkilowatt hours (kWh). monitoring. Similarly, ABB also won the Eskom The technologies, several of which arePV contract for installing a fixed-tilt solar patented by us, include a programmablePV power plant at the Kendal station, in logic controller (PLC) that increases trackerMpumalanga, with a 620 kW capacity and accuracy and an automatic switching contact 2 | 12 15
  • In focusGoing green with hybridpower plantsComplementing fuel generation with solar energy for higher output and lower fuelconsumption and CO2 emissionsA t present, fossil fuels dominate the electricity generation landscape of the Middle East where, both the costs of inland fuel-burningand the environmental impact of CO 2emissions have raised concerns. ABB’s integrated solar combined cycle(ISCC) addresses this issue by employingthe region’s abundant solar irradiance intohighly efficient, reliable and environmentally-friendly hybrid power plants. The conceptcombines conventional fossil fuel-poweredsteam turbines and a solar thermal steamgenerator to provide reliable and cleanpower. Unlike classic, open-cycle, gas-firedpower plants, releasing high temperatureflue gasses directly into the atmosphere,ABB’s combined cycle solution makesuse of this residual thermal energy, byproducing steam in a heat recovery steamgenerator (HRSG). In parallel to this heatrecovery generated steam, ABB Novatec’sFresnel-based solar boilers produce a World’s first solar hybrid coal-fired power station of ABB in Liddell, Australiasecond stream of superheated steam.Due to the high solar thermal steam was completed in January 2012. The 9.3 60 percent. The on-site infrastructure,parameters achieved in the solar boilers, megawatt (MW) power station consists together with the pre-existing operatingthe two streams can operate independently, of four rows of linear Fresnel reflectors, licenses, further enhance our high-efficient,resulting in high flexibility. covering an area of 18,000 square meters, clean electricity generation concept into a almost the size of three football fields. profitable turnkey solution.Increased energy efficiency – decreased ABB innovation and development ofemissions Enhanced oil recovery hybrid power plants provide a more energy- This solar-augmentation process results Apart from utility electricity generation, efficient option for electricity generation inin an increase of output power of the the idea of complementing fuel generation the Middle East, which relies heavily onotherwise low-efficiency, fossil fuel-fired with solar energy can be particularly fossil fuels. In addition, the EOR methodpower plants. In addition, it results in a useful for reducing the fuel consumption can increase the amount of oil extractedsignificant reduction in fuel consumption of energy-intensive industries. For the by using solar generated steam – bothand CO2 emissions. This hybrid approach major oil producers in the Gulf Cooperation technologies are a vital step forward towith the integration of solar power helps Council (GCC), the solar-based enhanced lowering the environmental impact of CO2mitigate the effects of the fluctuant nature oil recovery (EOR) displays the potential emissions, which is an increasingly pressingof solar irradiation. By modulating the fuel of significantly increasing the amount of issue, both in the Middle East and aroundinput of the plant, these fluctuations can extracted crude oil, while lowering the fuel the world.be compensated, resulting in a permanent costs. By injecting solar generated steam For more information: www.abb.com/solarcoverage of the grid’s power needs. into the oil beds and heating them, the ABB Novatec’s power plant in Liddell, viscosity of the heavy crude oil can beAustralia, is the world’s first integration reduced and facilitate its pumping to theof solar thermal technology with a surface. Already technologically proven,traditional coal-fired power station. The the concept can increase the amount ofproject commenced in early 2011 and extractable oil from aging wells by upto16 contact 2 | 12
  • In focusNovatec Solar technology holds the key to renewable energy developmentTransforming energy systemsSaudi Arabia enters a new solar era as renewable energy options hold the promiseof sustainable and efficient generation of electricityT he Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is sources to achieve its overall renewable renewable energy as an alternative source likely to spearhead the region‘s energy target. The CSP target could be to meet the growing domestic demand. emerging trend towards responsible for the generation of 75 to About 20 percent of the country’s electricity adoption of alternative and 110 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity per is produced currently by utilizing exhaustrenewable sources of energy. In 2010, annum once it starts operations. gases old power plants and through solarthe Government of KSA established the According to research report, GCC energy projects.Saudi Energy Efficiency Board (SEEC), Renewable Energy Sector Analysis,as energy efficiency was identified as a solar holds the key to renewable energy ABB as preferred partnernational priority. One of the objectives development in the Gulf Cooperation We have been working closely with theof the SEEC was to propose a national Council (GCC) region as it is the single public utilities, Saudi Aramco, the world’senergy efficiency plan in order to rationalize most abundant renewable source of energy largest oil producer, and the KA-CARE,energy usage in the country. Thus, KSAs available there. Huge investments and the Saudi government body responsible tofirst grid-connected solar power plant research studies are happening in efforts drive renewable energy. We are committedwas inaugurated in 2011. The Kingdom of to tap the solar energy in the region as to be a strong industry partner and play aSaudi Arabia is entering into a new era of part of the renewable energy development. leading strategic role in order to achieveproducing electricity through solar energy Almost 85 to 90 percent of the money being the Kingdoms ambitions to transformin the country. Saudi Arabia launched its spent on renewable energy development its energy system into a sustainable andfirst solar power plant on Farasan Island is being put in solar energy. The research efficient generation park. Localization,in June last year. This marked a significant report documents all the initiatives being knowledge transfer, R&D efforts, educationstep in the governments efforts to produce taken in the individual countries to help are just some keywords which explain whatclean energy. boost their power production from solar partnership means for us. energy. The future of solar power in the For more information: www.abb.com/solarSolar – key to a bright future GCC region, according to the report, is as Saudi Arabia has set an ambitious target bright as sunshine.of installing more than 40 gigawatts (GW) Saudi Arabia is one of the top rankedof solar power capacity by 2032, of which, nations with respect to residential60 percent would come from concentrated consumption of electricity. Almost half ofsolar power (CSP) and remaining from its power consumption is accounted forphotovoltaics (PV). Concentrating solar by residents.The key drivers for a strongpower technology is being looked at as initiative towards renewable energy is thea pathbreaking initiative by the country growing understanding and acceptanceas it will need to install much more CSP by the public and private sector of thecapacity than any other country has ever benefits of using solar power.done, while continuing to develop other The government has been pushing for contact 2 | 12 17
  • In focusPowering one of India’slargest solar plants40 MW grid-connected solar power plant in Gujarat commissioned in just fivemonths for Adani Group, who made a paradigm shift from thermal to solar powergenerationI nfrastructure conglomerate, Adani Group, commissioned a 40-megawatt (MW) solar power plant in Bitta in Gujarats Bhuj district in December2011. The plant marks Adani Group’sforay into the renewable energy sectorand was commissioned in a record timeof five months. Over four lakh thin filmphotovoltaic (PV) modules are mountedon approximately 21,700 mountingstructures to generate 40 megawattsof electricity. The Group envisionssetting up an even bigger 100 MW solarpower plant in the future, as a furthercommitment towards clean and greenenergy. Currently, the power generatedfrom this solar plant is connected toNetra substation in the same district. For ABB, this was one of the biggestsolar substation orders in India. Thescope included supply, erection andcommissioning of a 66 kilovolt (kV)switchyard with two 66/11 kV, 25/31.5megavolt amperes (MVA) power Adanis 40 MW solar plant in Bittatransformers, 11 kV medium voltageindoor switchgear, 10 two-way ring main national level. Gujarat’s solar capacityunits (RMU) and 18 three-way RMUs. today corresponds to two-thirds of the Dhinesh D, Project Manager for the installed capacity of the entire nation.Power Systems business, ABB in India For more information: www.abb.com/solarsaid, “Meeting the rigorous parametersset by the customer, within the shorttime frame specified, proved to be atremendous challenge. Despite this, wewere able to deliver all products, fromtransformers to RMUs, on time. The solid Did you know?support of our supply chain and divisions – We are partners in diverse – In Surendranagar we supplied twoand the overall coordination of effort photovoltaic solar plant projects PVS 800, 500 kW solar inverterswas critical to the successful execution across Gujarat, varying in scale and one 1,250 kVA solar compactof this project.”We are also executing from 1 to 40 MW, and in location substation for Rajesh Power from desert to inland waterways. Services Private Limited’s 1 MW765 kV projects for Adani Group in other – In Chandrasan, we supplied the plant, commissioned ahead oflocations; in Tiroda, Koradi and Akola. compact substation and ring main schedule. The Group’s entry into the solar unit for SunEdison’s 1 MW canal-space was greatly facilitated by top solar power plant that coversGujarat Government’s policies and the a one-kilometer stretch of thepreferential tariff regime established to Narmada Canal.encourage participation of developersin this priority area. This state-specificinitiative has set an example at the18 contact 2 | 12
  • In focus HVDC transformer at SongoClean power from MozambiqueSongo-Apollo HVDC link to transmit 2 gigawatts power from the hydro plant onthe Zambezi river to neighboring South AfricaA small but fast growing eco- In 2006, Eskom contracted ABB to nomy, Mozambique in south- upgrade the Apollo converter station’s east Africa is poised to capacity from 1,920 MW to 2,500 MW, become the largest exporter and also lay the groundwork for a futureof coal, and with hydro power and more upgrade to 3,960 MW. Now ABB isrecently, the discovery of two enormous modernizing Apollo’s sister station ingas fields in Mozambique waters, a Mozambique.major energy exporter. The capacity at Songo station The Cahora Bassa hydro plant on remains the same, but it will get newthe Zambezi river produces 2,075 converter transformers, smoothing Cahora Bassa Dam, Mozambiquemegawatts (MW), most of which is reactors, arresters and measuringexported to neighboring South Africa equipment. The DC equipment will be pool, and the HVDC transmission linevia a 1,400 kilometer (km) high voltage commissioned in the second half of linking it to the South African marketdirect current (HVDC) transmission line. 2013 and the transformers a year later. will provide an efficient highway for theJointly owned by Hidroeléctrica de As with the Apollo upgrade, this project plant’s output for years to come.Cahora Bassa in Mozambique and will enhance availability and reliability, Demand for clean energy is increasingEskom, South Africa’s public utility, the ensuring a steady flow of power from rapidly and infrastructure projects likeHVDC transmission system comprises Cahora Bassa. Songo will play a vital role in the Africantwo parallel lines stretching from the The two gigawatts of clean, reliable continent’s economic success story.Songo converter station in Mozambique hydropower supplied by Mozambique For more information:to the Apollo station near Johannesburg. is critical to South Africa, beset www.abb.com/energyefficiency First installed in the late 1970s, the with recurring power shortages. ForSongo-Apollo link was largely destroyed Mozambique, the energy exportsduring 25 years of civil war. Finally, a represent an important source ofrestoration project repaired or replaced income. The Cahora Bassa plant isnearly all the 4,200 transmission line already one of the largest generationtowers, bringing the system back online facilities in the South African powerin 1998. contact 2 | 12 19
  • EventsHotel Show, DubaiIncreasing energy efficiency in hotelsRising energy demands and energy costsworld over have brought more and morepeople around to the view that energyefficiency is the alternative fuel. At The HotelShow in Dubai, UAE, ABB showcased thei-bus® KNX technology which encouragesefficient energy usage. Meanwhile, thethrice-nominated KNX team from ABB inEgypt walked away with the 2012 KNXAward at the Light and Building Fair inFrankfurt, Germany. “The hotel industry has started to focus Automation solutions for buildingsmore on automated solutions that providegreater energy efficiency, convenience andease of use. Buildings with our technologyare easier to manage and control, it allowsan everyday working or living environmentto be easily adapted to the individual’sneeds while saving energy.” – Tarek Zakaria, regional manager forKNX building technology, Middle East andAfricaSolarcon, Bangalore and Renewable Energy World, New DelhiCapturing the power of the sunWith the world’s focus firmly on the needfor increasing the proportion of renewablesin the energy mix, ABB shared its portfolioof solar energy solutions at RenewableEnergy World 2012 exposition in New Delhiand SOLARCON in Bangalore. “The intensive preparation that wentinto displaying our solar portfolio and thein-depth discussions that followed withvarious clients and visitors really paid off.The renewables industry is going througha consolidation phase in India and the SOLARCON, Bangaloredemand and opportunities for extendingpower infrastructure have resulted in anopen, professional and specific exchangeof information.” – Subir Pal, Country Manager, IndustrySegment Initiative (ISI) Renewable Energy World, New Delhi20 contact 2 | 12
  • EventsAquatech, New DelhiManaging a precious resourceConservation is the most environmentallysound way of reducing demand for waterthat is a fast depleting resource all overthe globe. ABB shared its contributionsto sustainable resource management atAquatech, the largest international watershow in India. “We rolled out our complete packageof solutions for instrumentation, controland electrical (ICE) on a LCD screen,from motors, switchgear and automation,through desalination, water supply, sewagetreatment and effluent treatment plants tolift irrigation, canal automation and non-revenue water. We got great mileagefrom Aquatech, closing two orders forinstrumentation on the spot.” – Ravindra Akki, Country Water ISI,Manager, IndiaForthcoming events in the regionSouthern Gulf and IndiaPakistan Visit us at Seatrade Middle East Maritime, November 27-29, 2012, Dubai World Trade Center – UAE, Stand M1.Let ABB present convincing evidence on And find out more on increased uptime on Visit us at ELASIA 2013, the internationalhow we can increase asset performance turbochargers and reduced operation cost. exhibition on power, electrical and lightingby 6%. from January 4-6, 2013, at BIEC, Bangalore, Ask for proof on how we can achieve where you can see the very latest lowthe extra output and we will show you how voltage product offerings from ABB.we can lower cost and add more value Central Africa and Egyptto your business by focusing on the realissues you are grappling with today:– Extend asset life and reduce operational expenditure Mepcon12– Reduce emissions and energy Get to know the latest technology trends consumption at Middle East Power Systems Conference– Make optimal use of assets and take MEPCON ’12 from December 23-25. The quick decisions 15th international conference at Alexandria– Stabilize power input and improve power in Egypt will explore power systems in quality depth, from smart grids and power– Safer operations electronics to FACTS and HVDC transmission systems.Visit us at Adipec 2012, November 11-14,Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Center(ADNEC), Abu Dhabi, UAE. contact 2 | 12 21
  • For a better worldSolar integration and exportDedicated solutions for integrating solar power in the utility grid and trans-continental transmission via HVDC enable our customers to optimize operationsand boost profitabilityW e support our customers right (Distributed Power Control and Dispatch The solar plants to be built in North Africa from selecting the optimal Systems), as well as an innovative, fast need to be interconnected, but most of all, generation solutions through and highly charged/discharged efficient the power needs to be transmitted over to to enabling the reliable flywheel storage for grid stabilization. Europe through HVDC as it is across theand profitable employment of their solar sea.power. This translates to developing and HVDC the highway for solar exportembedding dedicated solutions for grid Favorable trends around solar generation Smart energy managementintegration and commercialization of solar in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) The gradual shift from a centralizedelectricity. There are a range of solutions region have brought the vision of exporting power flow, to a multi-actor energy market,available such as: micro-grid approaches solar electricity, considerably closer to reality. calls for a strategic employment of thefor distributed generation, dedicated energy It is ABB’s groundbreaking discovery of generated power. Our dedicated tools enable customers to both optimally operate their plants and profitably participate in the energy market. By employing Intelligent Solar Information Systems (ISIS®), the solar plant owner can easily perform a real-time remote monitoring and operation of his installation via Internet Explorer. Dedicated demand/response management tools facilitate the coordination between the solar plant, other generator types and the loads existing in the grid and thus enable the strategic operation of the plant. Tools such as Ventyx Virtual Power Plant, enable both the utility to incentivize the selling of clean solar energy and the environmentally conscious users to choose it. For more information: www.abb.com/solarDedicated solutions for grid integration and commercialization of solar powermanagement tools and high voltage direct high voltage direct current transmissioncurrent (HVDC) transmission lines for that has built the highway that makes thisenabling the export of the Middle East’s export possible, technically reliable andsolar power. economically feasible. Through HVDC transmission, large amounts of power canMicro-grids integrate solar power be sent over long distances, with both, Depending on the penetration level – low capital expenditures and significantlyshare of the total instantaneous power in the decreased resistive and capacitive losses.grid – the reliable integration of electricity ABB’s HVDC Light, specifically designed fororiginating from intermittent sources such underground or underwater transmission,as solar irradiation requires precise pre- is the ideal candidate for exporting MEprocessing steps, voltage and frequency solar energy undersea. Together with theregulation and control. ABB PowerCorp other 11 industry founders of the Desertecmanages to fully integrate solar power into Solar Initiative, we are focusing on thethe existing grid, by employing SMART feasibility, financing and construction ofGRID control and automation techniques the interconnection plan.22 contact 2 | 12
  • For a better worldHighly efficient and cost-effective CSP power plantsLeading through innovationApplying a range of efficient and reliable solutions suitablefor harsh desert climates, from concentrated solar power to solar steamW e are committed to providing thin, flat and light panels are used which are purposes, the so-called Enhanced Oil the most efficient, reliable not only inexpensive to manufacture, but Recovery. According to a recent report and competitive solar also easy to transport, install and maintain. by SBI, conventional oil recovery methods solutions for high direct The secondary reflector contributes to are only able to extract about 10-30normal irradiation (DNI) regions between the superheating of steam up to 500 percent of the potential oil from any given1,800-2,500 kWh/m2/year and hot climates degrees centigrade, which translates into reservoir, leaving nearly 70-90 percent ofsuch as the Middle East. To support this, a significant efficiency gain, especially the reservoir’s oil in the ground source.ABB has established strategic partnerships in regions with high environmental Injecting solar steam into the oil fields,with the provider of the best performing temperatures. heats the reservoir, reducing the viscosityconcentrated solar power (CSP) solution: of the untapped heavy crude oil andNovatec Solar. Solar steam and its range of applications facilitating its pumping. EOR technologies Besides CSP plants for power can increase the quantity of extractableABB Novatec’s CSP solution generation, there are other ways of using oil from aging wells up to 60 percent. In March 2011, ABB acquired 35 percent process steam generated directly in (Source: US Department of Energy – http://of Novatec Solar’s shares and integrated Novatec’s Linear Fresnel Collectors. ABB www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/oilgas/their innovative Fresnel Linear Collector Novatec’s solar boiler can successfully be eor/index.html)technology into the companys power employed for retrofitting low-efficiency gas- Further applications which are of greatgeneration portfolio, making ABB a turnkey fired plants, a predominant component of interest and focus in the Middle Eastsupplier of highly efficient and cost-effective the current Middle Eastern energy mix. are solar cooling and solar desalinationCSP power plants. Linear Fresnel reflectors The CSP augmentation employed in the where ABBs long experience enables theuse long, thin segments of flat mirrors to integrated solar combined cycles (ISCC) design of all components in a way to reachfocus sunlight onto a fixed absorber located power plants is based on heat recovery and economical optimum regarding output andat a common focal point of the reflectors. steam superheating in Fresnel boilers. The efficiency.These mirrors are capable of concentrating integrated solar combined cycle concept For more information: www.abb.com/solarthe sun’s energy to approximately 30 times is a hybrid power plant. It is a conventionalits normal intensity. Novatec Solar is the gas turbine combined cycle and a solarpioneer developer of the first commercial thermal steam generator that providesCSP Plant called Puerto Errado in Murcia, reliable and clean power. Due to the highSpain, operating since 2009 at a power solar thermal steam parameters achievedplant efficiency of 38 percent. in Novatec’s Fresnel-based solar boilers Employing the Fresnel reflector principle, ABBs ISCC cycle provides high solarABB Novatec’s CSP plants achieve shares at very low cost.performances appreciably higher than the Another clever way of using solartraditional parabolic trough plants. Super generated steam is for oil recovery contact 2 | 12 23
  • Glimpses of ABBSpurring Africa’s growthCustom-made solar solutions expand local engineeringcapabilities, benefitting both, the people and the environment ofthe African continent A frica has an abundance of natural A lucrative marketplace, Africa has resources and many African been identified by ABB as a key growth countries are counted among market. With our industry expertise and the fastest growing economies comprehensive environmentally-conscious in the world. So, on the one hand the portfolio, we are currently operational in continent continues to grow exponentially, more than 15 countries on the African while on the other, the World Bank has continent: namely Algeria, Angola, estimated that more than 500 million Botswana, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Africans are living without electricity. It is Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Egypt, estimated that by 2015 Africa will produce Ghana, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic 20 percent of global oil and by 2040 the of Congo, Kenya, Mauritius, South Africa, African population may exceed that of India Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. or China. With growing economies and To accommodate the growth on booming populations, providing reliable the African continent, South Africa and electricity is becoming a huge challenge. Egypt have been identified as centers of Transmission and distribution grids in excellence in an initiative called the Focus many parts of Africa are operating close Africa Re-wire strategy. The two countries to capacity, and although new grids are will continue to drive sales in Africa by being built rapidly, many Africans still have recruiting and training additional sales no access to electricity. engineers who will be active in the market24 contact 2 | 12
  • Glimpses of ABB Johannesburg – the commercial hub of South Africawith existing customers while developing levels of energy efficiency through the agenda for Africa, particularly south ofand extending our customer base. deployment of alternative and renewable the Sahara by strategically deploying the As a center of excellence, South Africa sources. most suitable of our many innovations.provides support to Angola, Congo, Through energy efficiency, companies ABB recently launched a new conceptKenya, Tanzania and Mozambique. These – and countries – can improve their for turnkey concentrating solar powercountries form part of the sub-Saharan sustainability significantly, allowing them (CSP) plants based on a low-cost, highlyregion. Predictions in the World Bank’s to focus their effort on other important efficient and highly scalable technologylatest ’Global Economic Prospects’ report elements such as staff and skills that uses considerably less material, landindicate that the sub-Saharan African region development. and water than any other CSP technology.is expected to record a 5.3 percent growth Globally, the energy efficiency of thermal The ABB-Novatec Solar concept can bein 2013 as global firms and domestic power plants alone has improved by three used to generate energy in a wide rangedemands remain robust. Despite a slower percentage points since 1990. However, of applications including stand-alone orprojected growth, developing countries strong disparities still exist between hybrid power plants, as fuel-savers inare expected to account for more than developed countries and the developing existing power plants, in desalination andhalf of the global growth from 2012 to world, where efficiency is low, mainly due district cooling plants, and in industrial2014. Huge investments in infrastructure to aging plants and the large share of coal processes that require steam. This is aare an integral part of the springboard for in thermal generation. Africa in particular fine example of a solution ideally suited toeconomic growth for both South Africa needs to be smart and forward thinking with the African continent’s requirements.and for the whole southern African region. its technology and automation investments. Expanding local engineering capabilitiesThe reliable supply of electricity, therefore, With its recognized expertise in power and working with customers to developremains a pressing issue on the continent. grid efficiency improvements, ABB has custom-made solutions that will benefit While globally coal remains the main worked with many power companies and the people and the environment whilesource for the production of electricity (40 authorities around the world to reduce the making the business more sustainablepercent), with natural gas accounting for rate of transmission and distribution losses. is ABB’s key objective for Africa. It hasmore than 20 percent, almost half of the However, most of these improvements were the technology, the expertise and theelectricity-producing countries of the world effected in developed countries, mainly experience to leverage its footprint withhave an emission factor of below 500 g through the use of low-loss conductors production in all five divisions.CO2 / kWh in 2009. However, Africa, with and transformers, the standardization and One of sub-Sahara’s most recent winsits large share of coal in the power mix, upgrading of transmission and distribution is the five-year Full Service® contract withcontinues to be a very high CO 2 emission voltages, and reactive power control. It is Namibia Custom Smelters (NCS). ABBproducer, presenting both challenges and now our aim to play an even bigger part will manage all maintenance to improveopportunities for the introduction of greater in driving the fast-track developmental productivity and equipment reliability at the contact 2 | 12 25
  • Glimpses of ABBEnhancing local engineering capabilitycopper smelting and converting plant in development program involves the security stations and earth electrodes. This is theTsumeb, some 425 kilometers north of the and quality supply of its electrical energy first time that this technology will be used forcapital, Windhoek. We will also provide to the various treatment, pumping and overhead transmission lines. The Caprivi Linkprocess optimization, energy consulting distribution stations. In order to achieve the Interconnector will increase grid reliabilityand equipment life cycle services, mainly safe and reliable supply of electrical energy, and enable the establishment of powerthrough the retained maintenance staff and they have embarked on a medium voltage trading in the southern African region.management who will be further trained switchgear replacement project which spans The African continent certainly hasto meet our performance standards. across the various areas of its operation. established itself as the world’s current The plant houses two primary smelting ABB in South Africa was awarded phase focus for business growth opportunitiesfurnaces and three converters. It has an one of the switchgear replacement project and ABB is poised to leverage thoseannual production capacity of 200,000 tons in February 2012 at a value of R21.5 million. opportunities, while contributing in a significantof copper concentrate from the treatment Our superior technology and compliance way to the sustainable development of aof complex copper concentrates containing to the IEC 62271 standard, coupled with great continent.gold, silver and arsenic. The smelter is one extensive experience and credibility in the For more information: www.abb.co.zaof only a few in the world which is able to water industry, were some of the key factorstreat arsenic-bearing copper concentrates. in winning us this order. The estimated Another exciting project is the Rand date of completion for phase one is JuneWater project in South Africa. This project 2013, and once complete, it will assist inincludes the supply, delivery, installation and enabling Rand Water to continue to supplycold commissioning of 78 switchgear panels high quality potable water to the Gautengto four Rand Water sites namely, Amazimtoti, region.Vereeniging, Lethabo and Palmiet. Rand A pioneer project in the region involvesWater is an organ of state, reporting to the a 2 x 300 megawatt (MW) interconnectionDepartment of Water and Environmental between a converter station in the CapriviAffairs. Their distribution network strip in Namibia, close to the border ofincludes over 3,056 kilometers of large Zambia, and another converter station,diameter pipeline, feeding 58 strategically about 300 kilometers north of Windhoek.located service reservoirs. Its customers Known as the Caprivi Link Interconnector,include metropolitan municipalities, local the project spans over a distance of 950municipalities, mines and industries and kilometers, with AC voltages of 320 kilovoltit supplies, on average, 3,653 million (kV) and 400 kV on the two ends of aliters of water to these customers daily. In bipolar 350 kV DC overhead line. This isorder to ensure continuity of supply, Rand the first HVDC Light® project to be builtWater invests huge resources to expand, with overhead lines. ABB was responsibleupgrade and maintain its infrastructure. for system engineering including design,An important aspect of this infrastructure supply and installation of the two converter26 contact 2 | 12
  • Executive editor: Karen WildsEditor-in-chief: Sanaj NatarajanProduction team:Ali Kelani, Anita Ramkumar, Arnab SarkarClaire Hill, Devaashish S. Savant, Erika Velazquez,Giridhar Sharma, Ivor Vidjen, Michael Wachter,Natasha Mathebula, Peter Stierli, Rakesh Shastri,Rubi Rakha, Sanaj Natarajan, Tamara ChettyTuija Elomaa-Maenpaa, Wendy JosephContact is published in English for circulationamong ABB customers and stakeholders withan interest in ABB offerings, products andtechnologies.Partial reprints or reproductions are permittedsubject to full acknowledgement. Completereprints require the publisher’s written consent.Publisher and copyright ©2012ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.DisclaimerThe information contained herein reflects the Preview 3|12views of the authors and is for informational Energy Efficiency –purposes only. Readers should not act upon theinformation contained herein without seekingprofessional advice. We make publicationsavailable with the understanding that the authorsare not rendering technical or other professional doing more while lowering costs andadvice or opinions on specific facts or mattersand assume no liability whatsoever in connection emissionswith their use.The companies of the ABB Group do not makeany warranty or guarantee, or promise, expressedor implied, concerning the content or accuracy ofthe views expressed herein. ABB has been in the energy business for 120 years. Using energy more efficiently will not only contribute the lion’s share of emissions reductions needed, it is arguably the most sustainable and cheapest way to reduce emissions and address global energy security. Energy-efficient systems can pay for themselves in energy saving, sometimes within months, and further reduce operation and maintenance costs in the long term. Plug in to the next issue of Contact to understand how we help our customers squeeze the most value from each unit of energy they use. contact 2 | 12 27
  • Connect renewable power to the grid?Electricity generated by water, sun and wind is most abundant in remote areaslike mountains, deserts or far out at sea. ABB’s leading power and automationtechnologies help renewable power reach about 70 million people by integratingit into electrical grids, sometimes over vast distances. Our effort to harness Naturally.renewable energy is making power networks smarter, and helping to protect theenvironment and fight climate change. www.abb.com/betterworld