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Light and heat from the sun is the most abundant energy source on earth.The solar energy that hits our planet’s surface in one hour is about equal to the amount of energy consumed by all human …

Light and heat from the sun is the most abundant energy source on earth.The solar energy that hits our planet’s surface in one hour is about equal to the amount of energy consumed by all human activities in a year. Moreover, electricity generated by solar power is emission-free and can help mitigate climate change as well as reduce our dependence on finite carbon-based energy sources.

ABB offers a range of solutions that not just help capture the sun’s rays in the most effective manner but also help achieve grid parity.

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  • 1. 2 | 12 contact The customer magazine of ABB in India, Middle East & AfricaGenerating power from the sunSeizing the solar initiative in sunny Gujarat 04Innovative projects transform the state into a solar hubSpotlight falls on solar desalination 19Energy-efficient technology for water-scarcity zonesSpurring Africa’s growth 24Custom-made solar solutions for a continent on the move
  • 2. 06 Reaping the desert sun Punj Lloyd solar plant in the Thar desert 10 Shining a light on EURO 2012 Centralized intelligent lighting for large spacescontact 2|12 Dear friends, This issue of Contact features glimpses India has traditionally been dependent of some of the solutions we have on fulfilling its power needs through provided to significant projects we had an fossil fuels, however, this has its own opportunity to be part of, as well as some issues as the country develops and the global successes we have achieved. In economy expands. Solar energy today addition, we are also featuring some of has emerged as the frontrunner when the innovations and global expertise we it comes to renewable energy sources. intend to bring to the Indian market. There is no question why it should not be We hope that you find this issue of as India receives abundant sunlight, over Contact an interesting read. 300 days! Some of the initiatives taken by government at the central and state Best regards, levels have helped in ensuring that clean energy is given priority over fossil-basedBazmi Husain plants.Country Manager and Bazmi HusainManaging Director ABB in India has been working with itsABB Limited, India customers in India to power the solar dreams of the country with an array of products and customized solutions. Our solar inverters and compact substations are enabling customers harness solar energy by making power networks smarter and helping to protect the environment and fight climate change.Contact 2|  1 2 • Customer news magazine from ABB • copyright 2012 • web: www.abb.com • email: contactmagazine@in.abb.com • Publisher: ABB Group• Layout: Shilahar Associates, Bangalore, India • Cover picture: De Nittis PV plant, Foggia – Puglia, Italy2 contact 2 | 12
  • 3. Table of contents 22 Solar integration and export Dedicated solutions for grid integration and commercialization of solar power16 Clean power from Mozambique Songo-Apollo HVDC link to transmit 2 gigawatts power from the hydro plant on the Zambezi river to neighboring South AfricaLocal news 17 Going green with hybrid power plants Complementing fuel generation with solar 04 Seizing the solar initiative in sunny Gujarat energy for higher output Innovative projects transform the state into a 18 Lethabo plant goes on stream solar hub ABB builds first South African solar power 07 From zero to 100 MW in less than two years plant in record time Our solar inverter ensures reliability, high 19 Spotlight falls on solar desalination efficiency and long life Innovative, energy-efficient technology for potable waterGlobal news08 Energy storage – Why do we need it? Events Delivering reliable power on demand 20 Increasing energy efficiency in hotels 21 Managing a precious resourceFeature12 Harnessing Italy’s solar power potential For a better world Delivering 14 PV power plants in Italy 23 Leading through innovation Highly efficient CSP power plantsIn focus15 Transforming energy systems Glimpses of ABB Saudi Arabia enters a new solar era 24 Spurring Africa’s growth Custom-made solar solutions for a continent on the move contact 2 | 12 3
  • 4. Local newsSeizing the solar initiative in sunny GujaratGujarat is transforming into a major solar hub, with a projectedyield of 1000 MW by 2013. ABB is partner to solar projectsacross the state, demanding the best in technology and quality40 MW solar PV plant, Bitta ring main units (RMU) and 18 three-way 1 MW solar PV plant, Surendranagar Infrastructure conglomerate, Adani RMUs. Dhinesh D, Project Manager for the Rajesh Power Services Private Limited,Group, commissioned a 40 megawatt (MW) Power Systems division, ABB in India said, part of the Siddhi group of companiessolar power plant in Bitta in Gujarat’s Bhuj “Meeting the rigorous parameters set by based in Gujarat, decided to diversify asdistrict in December 2011. The plant marks the customer, within the short time frame a renewable power producer as recentlyAdani Group’s foray into the renewable specified, proved to be a tremendous as 2010, when the company signed aenergy sector and was commissioned challenge. Despite this, we were able to power purchase agreement (PPA) with thein a record time of five months. Over 4 deliver all products, from transformers to Gujarat Government and the state electricitylakh thin film photovoltaic (PV) modules RMUs, on time. The solid support of our board, Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Limitedare mounted on approximately 21,700 supply chain and divisions and the overall (GUVNL). The very first project that wasmounting structures to generate 40 MW coordination of effort was critical to the awarded to them was the setting up and commissioning of a 1 MW photovoltaic (PV) solar power plant in Surendranagar, roughly 100 kilometers from Ahmedabad. The company commissioned the plant ahead of schedule. Efficient delivery depends on the reliability that an established partner can provide. ABBs quick reaction in delivering two PVS 800, 500 kilowatts (kW) solar inverters and one 1,250 kilovolt ampere (kVA) solar compact substation (CSS) from our manufacturing facility in Nashik, helped our customer to make good on the commitment to deliver, not just on time, but well before the deadline. Given the tight schedule, our team showedelectricity. The Group also envisions setting successful execution of this project.”up another 100 MW solar power plant in the ABB is also executing 765 kV projectsfuture, as a further commitment towards for Adani Group in other locations; in Tiroda,clean and green energy. Currently, the Koradi and Akola.power generated from this solar plant is The Group’s entry into the solarconnected to Netra substation in the same space was greatly facilitated by Gujaratdistrict. Government’s policies and the preferential For ABB this was one of the biggest tariff regime established to encouragesolar substation orders in India. The scope participation of developers in this priorityincluded supply, erection and commissioning area. This initiative by the Governmentof a 66 kilovolt (kV) switchyard with two of Gujarat has set an example at the66/11 kV, 25/31.5 mega volt amperes national level. Gujarat’s solar capacity(MVA) power transformers, 11 kV medium today corresponds to two-thirds of thevoltage indoor switchgear, 10 two-way installed capacity of the entire nation.4 contact 2 | 12
  • 5. Local newsexemplary speed and commitment towardsdelivering to this small turnkey project. Karan Dangayach, who heads businessdevelopment at Rajesh Power, spoke aboutthe company’s aspirations, “Our first prioritywill be to build on our strength as an EPCcontractor. The solar power sector in Indiais witnessing dynamic growth. More andmore solar power developers are lookingfor reliable EPC partners, in fact, we havealready secured 10 MW worth of businessin 2012 and we are only halfway throughthe year.” ABB works closely with companieswhich have interests in renewable powerand clean energy and offers products andsolutions to reduce the environmentalimpact of energy systems. We manufactureand supply a broad range of high qualityproducts for the solar power market,suitable for a wide range of applications, Gujarat is dedicated to canal-top solarfrom the smallest residential building to farming, it has the potential to producelarge power plants. 2,200 MW of power while freeing 11,000 acres of arable land and saving aboutCanal-top solar PV plant, Chandrasan 2,000 crore liters of precious water every About 25 kilometers from the city of year.Ahmedabad is a strange sight − instead ABB too had a part to play in thisof water sparkling in the distributary canal, intelligent solution. We received an orderblue solar panels stretch as far as the eye for a compact substation (CSS) with acan see. The one-kilometer canal-top solar 1 megavolt ampere transformer, based onfarm has transformed the lives of people delivery time commitment. The CSS waswho farm along the Narmada canal. shipped out from Nashik, Maharashtra In the canal, water is lost through and installed in short order. Soon after, inevaporation and the action of the wind. July 2012 we received a follow-up order toAlgae clogs the motors of irrigation pumps. install a ring main unit, a type of switchgear. The one megawatt (MW) Narmada On April 25, 2012 what the press calledSolar Energy Plant project was awarded “the world’s first canal-top solar powerto SunEdison with a mandate to provide project” was inaugurated in Chandrasan.solar power and conserve canal water. For more information: www.abb.com/solar ‘Floating windbreakers’ connect to freefloating barrels that rise with the waterlevel, lifting the panels above. By this cleverstratagem, water is shielded from the wind,yet allowed to flow unimpeded, accountingfor an annual saving of almost seven millionliters of water. The panels are cooled by the waterflowing below, adding a further 15percent to power generation capacity,as compared to land-based solar plants.In the long term, if just ten percent ofthe 19,000 kilometer canal network in contact 2 | 12 5
  • 6. Local newsReaping the desert sunLeading edge electrical balance of plant equipment for PunjLloyd’s solar plant in Rajasthan reduces lead time and deliverscost benefitsI n the heart of Rajasthan’s Thar Desert, 140 kilometers from Jodhpur, the village of Bap presents a vista of endless desolation marginally fragmented by ascattering of human habitation. Only themost persistent survive in the more orless perpetual environment of droughtand acute scarcity. Rajasthan’s maximum dailytemperature, varying between40-45 degrees celsius, and occasionallyrocketing up to 49 degrees proved idealfor Punj Lloyd Solar Limited’s 5 megawatt(MW) solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant,with its 80,000 solar modules stretchingacross more than 40 acres of barrenwasteland. A feature peculiar to Bap is thevirtually flat terrain that makes it a shadow-free area and therefore, the ideal locationfor generating solar power and the plant isexpected to reduce carbon emissions up Punj Lloyd solar plant site at Bap, Rajasthanto 5,500 metric tons per year. This was the engineering, From the early 1990s we have beenprocurement and construction (EPC)firm, Punj Lloyd’s first solar turnkey involved at a pioneering stage in just about every type of PV and concentrated Just imagine:project. It was commissioned in a record solar power (CSP) technology developed − About one-third (33%) of the land’stime of less than three months, due in across the world – this unique expertise surface area is covered by desertssome part to ABB’s optimization of allows us to offer everything from − According to Professor Davidsystems and processes. Our innovative EBoP solution to turnkey photovoltaic Faiman of Ben–Gurion Universityelectrical balance of plant (EBoP) power plants and complete power and the technology now exists tosolution covers every electrical control automation solutions for CSP plants and supply the world’s entire electricityand instrumentation system and each for PV installations. needs by using 10% of the Saharacomponent in the power plant, leaving Smart grids are the future and ABB Desert for solar farmingaside the generator and turbine. is at the forefront in developing the − Desertec Industrial Initiative is We take responsibility for the technologies and solutions that will investing in North African solar andcomplete EBoP package, from integrate traditional types of large-scale, wind installations over the next 40engineering, supply, manufacture centralized power generation with small- years to supply electricity to Europeand delivery, to site, installation, scale, localized types of renewable via cable lines running under thecommissioning, testing and quality. energy like solar and wind, creating a MediterraneanDirect control over all engineering and single, optimized network with multi-project management functions enables directional power flows and real-timeABB to ensure the best performance grid monitoring and market mechanisms.and quality of engineering workmanship For more information: www.abb.com/solarand deliveries. It also makes us thesingle point of responsibility for inverterand all electrical works, allowing for aunified design philosophy for inverterand electrical throughout the project,reduced lead time and cost benefits forour customer.6 contact 2 | 12
  • 7. Local news PVS 800 range of solar central invertersFrom zero to 100 MW in lessthan two yearsOur solar inverter combines maximum efficiency and highreliability with lowest auxiliary power requirement in the industryT he Indian solar market is one ABB inverters offer grid-supporting of the fastest growing solar features such as low voltage ride- markets in the world. The Indian through, anti-islanding and power factor What makes us Government’s policy responseto this rapid growth was the launch of compensation as in-built features, thus ensuring reliability with the Indian grid. different?the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar “What you want is high total efficiency with − Maximum efficiency at 98.6%Mission, which triggered technological high reliability and long life; and that’s what − High reliability offers long-termdevelopments, particularly in the solar our product is good at,” says D Chawla. benefitsinverter market. − Lowest auxiliary power requirement ABB in India entered the solar market Our customers in industryin 2010. Less than two years later, we We partner leading EPC companies − Compact, modular designhave reached the magic figure of 100 like Tata BP, whom we supported in the − On-time and ahead-of-schedulemegawatt (MW) capacity supplied and 85 commissioning of one of the major grid- deliveryMW commissioned. The 100 MW of solar connected solar power plants in India. − Complete range of life cyclepower generates 160 million kilowatt hours Along with Tata BP, we commissioned the services(kWh) per year. In real terms: it takes about 17 MW-capacity solar power plant spread − In-built redundancy – easy to480-500 units to power one rural home over 100 acres of land in Mithapur, Gujarat. maintain/replacefor a year; hence, 160 million kWh has Other customers include ACME group that − Seamless conversion from DC tothe potential to light up 320,000 homes. set up a 15 MW plant that operates on AC with grid-supporting featuresThe 100 MW of renewable energy used, solar PV thin film technology at Wadgam,also offers substantial carbon savings of Khambhat in Gujarat, and Gujarat Industriesalmost 87 tons per year. Power Company Limited’s (GIPCL), 5 MW D Chawla, Manager for Low Voltage solar power plant at Vastan Mines of SuratDrives offers a perspective on our collective Lignite Power Plant in Gujarat. We have For more information: www.abb.com/solarglobal experience in inverters, “Irrespective also delivered EPC solutions to customers www.abb.com/drivesof area of application, just in terms of like Punj Lloyd Delta Renewables Privatehardware alone, we have supplied up to Limited for the 5 MW PV power plant we100 gigawatts (GW) in capacity worldwide, established for them in Bap, Rajasthan.i.e. more than 100 times the output of allsolar installations in India today.” contact 2 | 12 7
  • 8. Global newsEnergy storage –why do we need it?Delivery of power on demand depends on reliable energy storesto provide power bridges that support short-term gaps, safeshutdown and back-up needs I t’s not that energy storage is a whole new changes and can only generate power concept, it has, in fact, been an integral intermittently and with a highly variable component of electricity generation, output. This is where energy storage plays transmission and distribution systems for a crucial part in supporting the grid − more than a century. Traditionally, energy when the wind is blowing or the sun is storage needs have been met by physically shining, excess power should be stored storing fuels for fossil-fuelled power plants, and made available during both, suboptimal and by using generated power in pumped generating conditions and during peak hydro storage schemes. demand. Recently however, there has been a Such fundamental changes in the shift in the power landscape towards using architecture and controllability of the grid and integrating renewable energy, mostly must be supported by smart, efficient power wind and solar energy. Although renewable transmission and distribution networks. For power generation is more sustainable in these networks to deliver and distribute the long run, the delivery of reliable power power efficiently, the storage of energy at on demand remains a major challenge. appropriate times and locations becomes Wind and solar power installations vital; both, to balance generation with are affected by seasonal and diurnal consumption, and to maintain grid stability.8 contact 2 | 12
  • 9. Global newsThe right energy storage solution for To provide additional power to the grid Dynamic energy storage installationthe job on demand, we supplied and installed in the UK ABB has a long history of delivering a battery energy storage solution using ABB recently worked with UK Powerenergy storage solutions, including pumped Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries that can Networks, which supplies power to overhydropower schemes that go back over a provide one megawatt of power for a eight million homes and businesses incentury and more than a decade’s experience duration of 15 minutes. the UK, to develop a dynamic energyin battery energy storage systems. The storage facility is integrated with storage solution. The installation enables Our technologies address a wide range of EKZ’s power distribution network and is renewable energy generated by local windpower needs from merely tens of kilowatts being used to evaluate performance in power plants to be fed into the powerup to hundreds of megawatts, thus, utilities, key areas such as balancing peak loads, network when needed. It also ensures thatindustrial customers and rail operators intermittent power supply and the viability some of the energy is kept in reserve toaround the world continue to deploy these of the solution for grid optimization. regulate power flow to compensate for thetechnologies. These facilities help balance intermittence of wind power and to supportpower demands and supplies, by stabilizing Battery energy storage increases the power quality in the event of a fault.network voltages and frequencies, providing role of renewables in Sweden To meet these needs, we implemented apower bridges to support short-term gaps, Falbygdens Energi is a Swedish utility turnkey DynaPeaQ® solution, incorporatingand safe shutdown and back-up needs. with a significant portion of wind power SVC Light®, which included eight stacksEventually, our solutions are designed to connected to the grid in the Swedish city of 13 Li-ion battery modules located in anenhance flexibility, increase energy securities of Falköping. 11 kV grid.and minimize environmental impacts. ABB was selected to supply an Together, these high-power density Examples of our recent installations innovative dynamic energy storage solution, modules can store up to 200 kilowatt hoursworldwide include Switzerland, Sweden for the utility’s power distribution network, (kWh) of electrical energy.and the UK. to maximize the integration of renewables The installation provides dynamic voltage into the power chain. For this project, we control in the distribution system and, atSwitzerland’s largest battery energy utilized our battery energy storage expertise the same time, enables dynamic storagestorage project to store locally produced energy from wind of surplus energy from the wind power ABB recently commissioned the largest turbines to create a storage capacity of plant. This surplus energy is used to levelbattery energy storage project of its 75 kilowatts (kW) in cycles of up to 60 out peaks in grid loading to provide gridkind in Switzerland with EKZ, a leading minutes. The stored energy will then be stability.distribution utility and one of the largest used to stabilize the grid and help balance For more information:energy companies in Switzerland. peak loads during the day. www.abb.com/energyefficiency contact 2 | 12 9
  • 10. Global newsShininga light onEURO 201260,000 football fans enjoyed ideal lightingconditions throughout the Group matchesand during the knockout stages withcentralized, intelligent lighting controls forlarge spacesA s the 14th UEFA European up close look at the action on the pitch. One hundred i-bus KNX DALI gateways Football Championship EURO During the three Group B matches, in the connected the lighting systems in the 2012, kicked off, all eyes were evenings, fans and players alike, depended stadium from the locker rooms to the on Poland, one of the hosts of on optimal lighting throughout the stadium, VIP lounge and the KNX-based buildingthe event, where 16 teams were battling creating bright moments off the field. control system helped rapidly control theit out for the coveted trophy. Our control system ensured that no one brightness and light so that the fans got On June 9, 2012, 30,000 football fans had to sit or play in the dark. It provided the best football experience.gathered beneath the lights controlled centralized control of lighting systems and, Many English and French football fansby ABB’s i-bus ® KNX technology at the through its intelligent software provided had already experienced optimal lightingArena Lviv stadium in the Ukraine while energy-efficient lighting by optimizing the at the airport of Donetsk, Ukraine, wherewatching Germany play Portugal at Arena brightness of the stadium to suit the natural our modern building system technologiesLviv, a dedicated football stadium and one light conditions. controlled the lights, and guided footballof eight around the world to host UEFA’s On June 11, Sweden played Ukraine fans towards their group matches.Euro 2012. in the first of the tournament matches ABB has been part of such big events in Although the stadium was reputed to at the Stadium, in Kiev. At this stadium stadiums similar to those used in the Eurobe the smallest venue, rather than its size 60,000 football fans enjoyed ideal lighting Cup on earlier occasions, like the 2010counting against it, it proved to be an conditions throughout the group’s matches World Cup. At this event we supplied dry-added attraction for football fans for an and during the knockout stages. type transformers which served the Green10 contact 2 | 12
  • 11. Global news Our technologies make us partners in major sports stadiums around the worldPoint stadium in Cape Town, which hasa retractable roof and a seating capacityof 68,000. Similar transformers in the 500 KNX: One system. One standard.to 1000 kVA range have been installedin the Soccer City stadium, located in Many interconnected functions.Soweto, Johannesburg. This stadium, with – Maximum flexibilitya seating capacity of around 100,000, was – Offers safety and security for both people and propertythe focal point of the tournament and was – Energy–saving with climate, shutter, heating and lighting controlchosen as the venue for the opening and – Quick and simple adaptation to individual needs and use of premises, suchclosing ceremonies and key matches of as sports stadiumsthe tournament. – Replaces separate control solutions typical of technology with a single,For more information: www.abb.com/knx optimal, energy–efficient system contact 2 | 12 11
  • 12. Feature DeNittis PV plant, Foggia – Puglia, Italy Photovaltaic panels12 contact 2 | 12
  • 13. FeatureHarnessingItaly’s solarpower potentialSuccessful delivery of 14 photovoltaic power plants in Italy witha combined generating capacity of 100 MW in just 9 months2 011 was a year of intense activity in the solar photovoltaic (PV) market. With new installations adding 29 gigawatts (GW) of solar energy ABB solar offeringsacross the globe, the solar PV marketmarked a tremendous 58 percent year-on- – Turnkey solution – design, engi- – Remote monitoring, operation,year growth. Italy came to the forefront as neering, supply, installation and diagnostics and maintenancethe single largest solar market, for the first commissioning from a dedicated control center intime overtaking Germany, the world leader – Quick turnaround – qualifies our a remote locationin PV. As the engineering, procurement and customers for high feed-in tariff – Full range of power and automa-construction (EPC) partner of 14 PV plants, – Trusted engineering, procurement tion equipment − transformers,ABB was ready to step up to the challenge and construction (EPC) consortium switchgear, inverters, protectionwhen the window of opportunity appeared. partner devices, medium voltage cabi-We are proud of having taken part in this – Best-in-class substation monitor- nets, medium and high voltagedefining moment in Italy’s solar power ing and control system − efficiently cables, distributed control sys-industry especially as this is a success transfers power from plant to grid tems and control software, lowwe can replicate elsewhere in the world. – High optimization and low power voltage systems, auxiliary systems losses − push peak performance (such as lighting and ventilation)The challenge ratio above customer expectations Setting up the 24 megawatt (MW) – Electrical balance of plant (EBoP)Canino PV power plant in Lazio was a test solutionof our mettle in end-to-end project delivery.There were many layers of complexity in theexecution of the project: hilly terrain, poor contact 2 | 12 13
  • 14. Feature soil condition, the magnitude of installation for a large-scale roof-top PV plant. Located over a 95-hectare site and just as daunting, on the roof of a commercial building in management of a 500-strong workforce. the town of Cairo Montenotte, the plant Civil works, installation and commissioning incorporates 3,840 PV panels on fixed were carried out simultaneously at different structures and provides 0.864 MW of places on the site and the plant was electric power. This power is not used by delivered in just five months. the facility; instead it is transferred to a 15 The Canino plant supplies 103,488 kilovolt (kV) distribution network. modules, making it the largest lease financing PV project ever undertaken in Italy. As a The success result of high optimization and substantially Our turnkey solutions reduce the cost lower power losses, the site is operating at and risk of constructing and operating 87 percent instead of the expected peak photovoltaic power plants, consequently performance ratio of 81.5 percent. allowing for rapid deployment. It was a real In Foggia, three plants with a combined challenge to meet the time constraints on capacity of 39 MW were completed six the delivery of all 14 power plants. Even so, weeks ahead of schedule. We were 12 were completed ahead of schedule and responsible for remote monitoring the a 24 MW plant was built and commissioned plants from a dedicated PV control center in five months.A trusted partner for turnkey solar PV plants in Genoa, almost 400 miles distant. Also There is good reason why we are second in Foggia, four plants in a 10-kilometer to none in speed and efficiency: for one, area were set up three weeks ahead of as leaders in power and automation, we time, despite delays caused by heavy draw on our vast manufacturing capacity Over a period of 45 years winter rains. The multi-plant project has for solutions. Both, procurement channels we have successfully a combined capacity of 15 MW. and supply chain processes are designed The Helios ITA-3 parks with two 5 MW for speed and efficiency. Secondly, we completed 300 EPC plants, in Brindisi and Mesagne were meet pressing deadlines by successfully projects worldwide in completed in under ten weeks, well ahead collaborating with local subcontractors in diverse industries. of schedule and under budget. Each plant Italy with a proven track record. Lastly, our comprises 22,500 polycrystalline modules EPC competence and electrical expertise mounted on single-axis trackers. Remote come into play in managing and executing operation and maintenance are carried out complex processes on site. via the control center in Genoa. In conclusion, we have a long and In Sicily our company was the EPC successful track record as EPC partners. contractor for Falck Renewables that Over a period of 45 years we have operates solar, wind, biomass and waste- successfully completed 300 EPC projects to-energy plants in Italy, UK, France and worldwide in diverse industries – power Spain. The three PV power plants at generation, oil and gas and water, to name Spinasanta, Cardonita and Sugherotorto a few. With our EPC center of excellence with a combined generating capacity of located in Genoa we were perfectly 13.1 MW use almost 57,000 photovoltaic positioned to execute turnkey projects cells and a support structure at a tilt angle for the local Italian market. of 20 degrees. For more information: www.abb.com/solar In Liguria we provided a turnkey solution Did you know? ABB has long been at the forefront of solutions for the world’s first the solar power industry. integrated solar and combined cycle In the 1980s ABB developed the plant power plants in Algeria, Egypt and automation platform for the world’s the United States. first concentrating solar power (CSP) And, in PV power plants we have an test facility in Spain, and is now a extensive reference list of solutions leading supplier of turnkey CSP plants that not only covers the length and based on the uniquely cost-effective breadth of Italy, but much of the technology of its partner, Novatec Solar. northern Mediterranean as well. In 2010 we delivered comprehensive14 contact 2 | 12
  • 15. In focusNovatec Solar technology holds the key to renewable energy developmentTransforming energy systemsSaudi Arabia enters a new solar era as renewable energyoptions hold the promise of sustainable and efficient generationof electricityT he Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is capacity than any other country has ever growing understanding and acceptance likely to spearhead the region‘s done, while continuing to develop other by the public and private sector of the emerging trend towards sources to achieve its overall renewable benefits of using solar power. adoption of alternative and energy target. The CSP target could be The government has been pushing forrenewable sources of energy. In 2010, responsible for the generation of 75 to renewable energy as an alternative sourcethe Government of KSA established the 110 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity per to meet the growing domestic demand.Saudi Energy Efficiency Board (SEEC), annum once it starts operations. About 20 percent of the country’s electricityas energy efficiency was identified as a According to research report, GCC is produced currently by utilizing exhaustnational priority. One of the objectives Renewable Energy Sector Analysis, gases old power plants and through solarof the SEEC was to propose a national solar holds the key to renewable energy energy projects.energy efficiency plan in order to rationalize development in the Gulf Cooperationenergy usage in the country. Thus, KSAs Council (GCC) region as it is the single ABB as preferred partnerfirst grid-connected solar power plant most abundant renewable source of energy We have been working closely with thewas inaugurated in 2011. The Kingdom of available there. Huge investments and public utilities, Saudi Aramco, the world’sSaudi Arabia is entering into a new era of research studies are happening in efforts largest oil producer, and the KA-CARE,producing electricity through solar energy to tap the solar energy in the region as the Saudi government body responsible toin the country. Saudi Arabia launched its part of the renewable energy development. drive renewable energy. We are committedfirst solar power plant on Farasan Island Almost 85 to 90 percent of the money being to be a strong industry partner and play ain June last year. This marked a significant spent on renewable energy development leading strategic role in order to achievestep in the governments efforts to produce is being put in solar energy. The research the Kingdoms ambitions to transformclean energy. report documents all the initiatives being its energy system into a sustainable and taken in the individual countries to help efficient generation park. Localization,Solar – key to a bright future boost their power production from solar knowledge transfer, R&D efforts, education Saudi Arabia has set an ambitious target energy. The future of solar power in the are just some keywords which explain whatof installing more than 40 gigawatts (GW) GCC region, according to the report, is as partnership means for us.of solar power capacity by 2032, of which, bright as sunshine. For more information: www.abb.com/solar60 percent would come from concentrated Saudi Arabia is one of the top rankedsolar power (CSP) and remaining from nations with respect to residentialphotovoltaics (PV). Concentrating solar consumption of electricity. Almost half ofpower technology is being looked at as its power consumption is accounted fora pathbreaking initiative by the country by residents. The key drivers for a strongas it will need to install much more CSP initiative towards renewable energy is the contact 2 | 12 15
  • 16. In focus HVDC transformer at SongoClean power from MozambiqueSongo-Apollo HVDC link to transmit 2 gigawatts power from the hydro plant onthe Zambezi river to neighboring South AfricaA small but fast growing eco- In 2006, Eskom contracted ABB to nomy, Mozambique in south- upgrade the Apollo converter station’s east Africa is poised to capacity from 1,920 MW to 2,500 MW, become the largest exporter and also lay the groundwork for a futureof coal, and with hydro power and more upgrade to 3,960 MW. Now ABB isrecently, the discovery of two enormous modernizing Apollo’s sister station ingas fields in Mozambique waters, a Mozambique.major energy exporter. The capacity at Songo station The Cahora Bassa hydro plant on remains the same, but it will get newthe Zambezi river produces 2,075 converter transformers, smoothing Cahora Bassa Dam, Mozambiquemegawatts (MW), most of which is reactors, arresters and measuringexported to neighbouring South Africa equipment. The DC equipment will be linking it to the South African marketvia a 1,400 kilometer (km) high voltage commissioned in the second half of will provide an efficient highway for thedirect current (HVDC) transmission line. 2013 and the transformers a year later. plant’s output for years to come.Jointly owned by Hidroeléctrica de As with the Apollo upgrade, this project Demand for clean energy is increasingCahora Bassa in Mozambique and will enhance availability and reliability, rapidly and infrastructure projects likeEskom, South Africa’s public utility, the ensuring a steady flow of power from Songo will play a vital role in the AfricanHVDC transmission system comprises Cahora Bassa. continent’s economic success story.two parallel lines stretching from the The two gigawatts of clean, reliable For more information:Songo converter station in Mozambique hydropower supplied by Mozambique www.abb.com/energyefficiencyto the Apollo station near Johannesburg. is critical to South Africa, beset First installed in the late 1970s, the with recurring power shortages. ForSongo-Apollo link was largely destroyed Mozambique, the energy exportsduring 25 years of civil war. Finally, a represent an important source ofrestoration project repaired or replaced income. The Cahora Bassa plant isnearly all the 4,200 transmission line already one of the largest generationtowers, bringing the system back online facilities in the South African powerin 1998. pool, and the HVDC transmission line16 contact 2 | 12
  • 17. In focusGoing green with hybridpower plantsComplementing fuel generation with solar energy for higher output and lower fuelconsumption and CO2 emissionsA t present, fossil fuels dominate the electricity generation landscape of the Middle East where, both the costs of inland fuel-burningand the environmental impact of CO 2emissions have raised concerns. ABB’s integrated solar combined cycle(ISCC) addresses this issue by employingthe region’s abundant solar irradiance intohighly efficient, reliable and environmentally-friendly hybrid power plants. The conceptcombines conventional fossil fuel-poweredsteam turbines and a solar thermal steamgenerator to provide reliable and cleanpower. Unlike classic, open-cycle, gas-firedpower plants, releasing high temperatureflue gasses directly into the atmosphere,ABB’s combined cycle solution makesuse of this residual thermal energy, byproducing steam in a heat recovery steamgenerator (HRSG). In parallel to this heat World’s first solar hybrid coal-fired power station of ABB in Liddell, Australiarecovery generated steam, ABB Novatec’sFresnel-based solar boilers produce a was completed in January 2012. The 9.3 licenses, further enhance our high-efficient,second stream of superheated steam. megawatt (MW) power station consists clean electricity generation concept into aDue to the high solar thermal steam of four rows of linear Fresnel reflectors, profitable turnkey solution.parameters achieved in the solar boilers, covering an area of 18,000 square meters, ABB innovation and development ofthe two streams can operate independently, almost the size of three football fields. hybrid power plants provide a more energy-resulting in high flexibility. efficient option for electricity generation in Enhanced oil recovery the Middle East, which relies heavily onIncreased energy efficiency – decreased Apart from utility electricity generation, fossil fuels. In addition, the EOR methodemissions the idea of complementing fuel generation can increase the amount of oil extracted This solar-augmentation process results with solar energy can be particularly by using solar generated steam – bothin an increase of output power of the useful for reducing the fuel consumption technologies are a vital step forward tootherwise low-efficiency, fossil fuel-fired of energy-intensive industries. For the lowering the environmental impact of CO2power plants. In addition, it results in a major oil producers in the Gulf Cooperation emissions, which is an increasingly pressingsignificant reduction in fuel consumption Council (GCC), the solar-based enhanced issue, both in the Middle East and aroundand CO2 emissions. This hybrid approach oil recovery (EOR) displays the potential the world.with the integration of solar power helps of significantly increasing the amount of For more information: www.abb.com/solarmitigate the effects of the fluctuant nature extracted crude oil, while lowering the fuelof solar irradiation. By modulating the fuel costs. By injecting solar generated steaminput of the plant, these fluctuations can into the oil beds and heating them, thebe compensated, resulting in a permanent viscosity of the heavy crude oil can becoverage of the grid’s power needs. reduced and facilitate its pumping to the ABB Novatec’s power plant in Liddell, surface. Already technologically proven,Australia, is the world’s first integration the concept can increase the amount ofof solar thermal technology with a extractable oil from aging wells by uptotraditional coal-fired power station. The 60 percent. The on-site infrastructure,project commenced in early 2011 and together with the pre-existing operating contact 2 | 12 17
  • 18. In focusLethabo plant goeson streamABB builds first South African solar power plant in record time as part of a pilotscheme to reduce the national utilitys carbon footprint logic controller (PLC) that increases tracker accuracy and an automatic switching system that optimizes the number of panels connected to each inverter enabling the plant to harness more energy at all times, even during periods of poor light like dawn, dusk and cloudy weather. ABB’s turnkey solution included the design, engineering, erection, grid connection and commissioning of the groundbreaking solar plants. The electrical, control and automation equipment as well as the optimization technologies to be deployed were also manufactured by us. Rapid delivery was facilitated by our well-proven concept of pre-assembled, factory-tested electrical balance of plant modules, and by our expertise in project execution, which, in the case of Lethabo and Kendal, have cut weeks off the conventional delivery time to enable the plants to be fully operational in record time. For more information: www.abb.com/solarThe inaugural ceremony at the Lethabo solar PV plant in November 2011 “The world-class technology will give ABB inC South Africa the opportunity to transfer skills ompleting the first South African Mpumalanga, with a 620 kW capacity and in solar technology, further complementing solar power plant in record time, an annual production potential of 11.4 and enhancing local capabilities in engineering and project management." ABB has surpassed industry million kWh. This project was successfully expectations. The greenfield launched on November 25, 2011. – Goetz-Dietrich Wolffphotovoltaic (PV) power plant, based Both PV projects form part of a pilot Manager of Power Generation business inadjacent to the Lethabo power station scheme aimed at eventually reducing South Africain Gauteng, was completed in just 75 Eskom’s carbon footprint. To optimizedays and will provide power for the plant’s productivity, high-efficiency ABBadministration buildings, while reducing monocrystalline PV panels were selectedthe facility’s auxiliary power consumption. because of their uniquely efficient concept The Lethabo project, which was for PV power plants. The approachcommissioned by Eskom, South combined high levels of customization, rapidAfrica’s national utility, was inaugurated turnkey delivery and system optimizationin November 2011 by national Public technologies that enable the plants toEnterprises Minister, Malusi Gigaba. ABB generate around 20 percent more energywas tasked with pioneering a single axis than alternative designs.tracking solar PV system with a peaking The PV plants are designed to operatecapacity of 575 kilowatts (kW) and an independently to produce electrical powerannual production potential of 12.5 million for use by the existing power stations andkilowatt hours (kWh). will be capable of remote operation and Similarly, ABB also won the Eskom monitoring.PV contract for installing a fixed-tilt solar The technologies, several of which arePV power plant at the Kendal station, in patented by us, include a programmable18 contact 2 | 12
  • 19. In focusSpotlight falls on solardesalinationInnovative, energy-efficient technology addresses the challenge of providing freshdrinking water in water-scarcity zonesA t present, countries in the option for use of solar energy and Middle East face a major ABB has a strong focus towards solar water challenge due to the desalination plant opportunities which scarcity and rapid depletion are of particular importance to thisof freshwater resources. This is further region.”complicated by the heavy financial and At the conference, a white papereconomic burden in providing desalinated on ‘Solar Desalination: Importantand treated wastewater. ABB’s innovative Technology Aspects,’ was presented byenergy-efficient technology for the water Shrikant Bhat, Control and Optimizationindustry evoked a lively discussion at the Group, Research Department, andevent, among researchers, executives, Senthilmurugan S, from Water Industrydecision and policy makers, and other Sector Initiative.stakeholders. In addition, we hosted a networking Discussions at the 10th Gulf Water booth to discuss and present solutions,Conference in Doha, Qatar, covered systems and products for the waterwater security and food sustainability, industry with specific focus onmanagement of natural resources, desalination, solar, pumping stations,groundwater and surface water, water distribution and irrigation networks.management of the municipal water For more information: www.abb.com/solarsector and desalination technologies –the topic we focused on. Solar desalination is a techniqueused to desalinate water using solarenergy. High drinkable water scarcityzones usually correspond to high DirectNormal Irradiance (DNI) areas such asthe Middle East. ABB offers products forthe complete water cycle from collection,through purification and transportationto distribution and re-use, servingcustomers with enhanced, efficient andreliable products and solutions.Focus on energy efficiency Desalination plants play an essentialrole where increasing demand forpotable water outpaces the availability ofnatural resources. Our portfolio includesa wide range of products and solutionsfor Reverse Osmosis (RO), Multi-StageFlash (MSF), Multiple-Effect Distillation(MED) and hybrid desalination plants,with a specific focus on energy efficiency. Leading innovation in solar desalination technology Juha Alopaeus, Country Manager,ABB in Qatar, attended various sessionsat the conference during the three days.He said: “The event offered a usefulplatform to discuss ABB’s technologygeared towards the water industry. Solardesalination offers the most promising contact 2 | 12 19
  • 20. EventsHotel Show, DubaiIncreasing energy efficiency in hotelsRising energy demands and energy costsworld over have brought more and morepeople around to the view that energyefficiency is the alternative fuel. At The HotelShow in Dubai, UAE, ABB showcased thei-bus® KNX technology which encouragesefficient energy usage. Meanwhile, thethrice-nominated KNX team from ABB inEgypt walked away with the 2012 KNXAward at the Light and Building Fair inFrankfurt, Germany. “The hotel industry has started to focus Automation solutions for buildingsmore on automated solutions that providegreater energy efficiency, convenience andease of use. Buildings with our technologyare easier to manage and control, it allowsan everyday working or living environmentto be easily adapted to the individual’sneeds while saving energy.” – Tarek Zakaria, regional manager forKNX building technology, Middle East andAfricaSolarcon, Bangalore and Renewable Energy World, New DelhiCapturing the power of the sunWith the world’s focus firmly on the needfor increasing the proportion of renewablesin the energy mix, ABB shared its portfolioof solar energy solutions at RenewableEnergy World 2012 exposition in New Delhiand SOLARCON in Bangalore. “The intensive preparation that wentinto displaying our solar portfolio and thein-depth discussions that followed withvarious clients and visitors really paid off.The renewables industry is going througha consolidation phase in India and the SOLARCON, Bangaloredemand and opportunities for extendingpower infrastructure have resulted in anopen, professional and specific exchangeof information.” – Subir Pal, Country Manager, IndustrySegment Initiative (ISI) Renewable Energy World, New Delhi20 contact 2 | 12
  • 21. EventsAquatech, New DelhiManaging a precious resourceConservation is the most environmentallysound way of reducing demand for waterthat is a fast depleting resource all overthe globe. ABB shared its contributionsto sustainable resource management atAquatech, the largest international watershow in India. “We rolled out our complete packageof solutions for instrumentation, controland electrical (ICE) on a LCD screen,from motors, switchgear and automation,through desalination, water supply, sewagetreatment and effluent treatment plants tolift irrigation, canal automation and non-revenue water. We got great mileagefrom Aquatech, closing two orders forinstrumentation on the spot.” – Ravindra Akki, Country Water ISI,Manager, IndiaForthcoming events in the regionSouthern Gulf and IndiaPakistan Visit us at Seatrade Middle East Maritime, November 27-29, 2012, Dubai World Trade Center – UAE, Stand M1.Let ABB present convincing evidence on And find out more on increased uptime on Visit us at ELASIA 2013, the internationalhow we can increase asset performance turbochargers and reduced operation cost. exhibition on power, electrical and lightingby 6%. from January 4-6, 2013, at BIEC, Bangalore, Ask for proof on how we can achieve where you can see the very latest lowthe extra output and we will show you how voltage product offerings from ABB.we can lower cost and add more value Central Africa and Egyptto your business by focusing on the realissues you are grappling with today:– Extend asset life and reduce operational expenditure Mepcon12– Reduce emissions and energy Get to know the latest technology trends consumption at Middle East Power Systems Conference– Make optimal use of assets and take MEPCON ’12 from December 23-25. The quick decisions 15th international conference at Alexandria– Stabilize power input and improve power in Egypt will explore power systems in quality depth, from smart grids and power– Safer operations electronics to FACTS and HVDC transmission systems.Visit us at Adipec 2012, November 11-14,Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Center(ADNEC), Abu Dhabi, UAE. contact 2 | 12 21
  • 22. For a better worldSolar integration and exportDedicated solutions for integrating solar power in the utilitygrid and trans-continental transmission via HVDC enable ourcustomers to optimize operations and boost profitabilityW e support our customers right (Distributed Power Control and Dispatch The solar plants to be built in North Africa from selecting the optimal Systems), as well as an innovative, fast need to be interconnected, but most of all, generation solutions through and highly charged/discharged efficient the power needs to be transmitted over to to enabling the reliable flywheel storage for grid stabilization. Europe through HVDC as it is across theand profitable employment of their solar sea.power. This translates to developing and HVDC the highway for solar exportembedding dedicated solutions for grid Favorable trends around solar generation Smart energy managementintegration and commercialization of solar in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) The gradual shift from a centralizedelectricity. There are a range of solutions region have brought the vision of exporting power flow, to a multi-actor energy market,available such as: micro-grid approaches solar electricity, considerably closer to reality. calls for a strategic employment of thefor distributed generation, dedicated energy It is ABB’s groundbreaking discovery of generated power. Our dedicated tools enable customers to both optimally operate their plants and profitably participate in the energy market. By employing Intelligent Solar Information Systems (ISIS®), the solar plant owner can easily perform a real-time remote monitoring and operation of his installation via Internet Explorer. Dedicated demand/response management tools facilitate the coordination between the solar plant, other generator types and the loads existing in the grid and thus enable the strategic operation of the plant. Tools such as Ventyx Virtual Power Plant, enable both the utility to incentivize the selling of clean solar energy and the environmentally conscious users to choose it. For more information: www.abb.com/solarDedicated solutions for grid integration and commercialization of solar powermanagement tools and high voltage direct high voltage direct current transmissioncurrent (HVDC) transmission lines for that has built the highway that makes thisenabling the export of the Middle East’s export possible, technically reliable andsolar power. economically feasible. Through HVDC transmission, large amounts of power canMicro-grids integrate solar power be sent over long distances, with both, Depending on the penetration level – low capital expenditures and significantlyshare of the total instantaneous power in the decreased resistive and capacitive losses.grid – the reliable integration of electricity ABB’s HVDC Light, specifically designed fororiginating from intermittent sources such underground or underwater transmission,as solar irradiation requires precise pre- is the ideal candidate for exporting MEprocessing steps, voltage and frequency solar energy undersea. Together with theregulation and control. ABB PowerCorp other 11 industry founders of the Desertecmanages to fully integrate solar power into Solar Initiative, we are focusing on thethe existing grid, by employing SMART feasibility, financing and construction ofGRID control and automation techniques the interconnection plan.22 contact 2 | 12
  • 23. For a better worldHighly efficient and cost-effective CSP power plantsLeading through innovationApplying a range of efficient and reliable solutions suitablefor harsh desert climates, from concentrated solar power tosolar steamW e are committed to providing performances appreciably higher than the ABBs ISCC cycle provides high solar the most efficient, reliable traditional parabolic trough plants. Super shares at very low cost. and competitive solar thin, flat and light panels are used which are Another clever way of using solar solutions for high direct not only inexpensive to manufacture, but generated steam is for oil recoverynormal irradiation (DNI) regions between also easy to transport, install and maintain. purposes, the so-called Enhanced Oil1,800-2,500 kWh/m2/year and hot climates The secondary reflector contributes to Recovery. According to a recent reportsuch as the Middle East. To support this, the superheating of steam up to 500 by SBI, conventional oil recovery methodsABB has established strategic partnerships degrees centigrade, which translates into are only able to extract about 10-30with the provider of the best performing a significant efficiency gain, especially percent of the potential oil from any givenconcentrated solar power (CSP) solution: in regions with high environmental reservoir, leaving nearly 70-90 percent ofNovatec Solar. temperatures. the reservoir’s oil in the ground source. Injecting solar steam into the oil fields,ABB Novatec’s CSP solution Solar steam and its range of applications heats the reservoir, reducing the viscosity In March 2011, ABB acquired 35 percent Besides CSP plants for power of the untapped heavy crude oil andof Novatec Solar’s shares and integrated generation, there are other ways of using facilitating its pumping. EOR technologiestheir innovative Fresnel Linear Collector process steam generated directly in can increase the quantity of extractabletechnology into the companys power Novatec’s Linear Fresnel Collectors. ABB oil from aging wells up to 60 percent.generation portfolio, making ABB a turnkey Novatec’s solar boiler can successfully be (Source: US Department of Energy – http://supplier of highly efficient and cost-effective employed for retrofitting low-efficiency gas- www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/oilgas/CSP power plants. Linear Fresnel reflectors fired plants, a predominant component of eor/index.html)use long, thin segments of flat mirrors to the current Middle Eastern energy mix. Further applications which are of greatfocus sunlight onto a fixed absorber located The CSP augmentation employed in the interest and focus in the Middle Eastat a common focal point of the reflectors. integrated solar combined cycles (ISCC) are solar cooling and solar desalinationThese mirrors are capable of concentrating power plants is based on heat recovery and where ABBs long experience enables thethe sun’s energy to approximately 30 times steam superheating in Fresnel boilers. The design of all components in a way to reachits normal intensity. Novatec Solar is the integrated solar combined cycle concept economical optimum regarding output andpioneer developer of the first commercial is a hybrid power plant. It is a conventional efficiency.CSP Plant called Puerto Errado in Murcia, gas turbine combined cycle and a solar For more information: www.abb.com/solarSpain, operating since 2009 at a power thermal steam generator that providesplant efficiency of 38 percent. reliable and clean power. Due to the high Employing the Fresnel reflector principle, solar thermal steam parameters achievedABB Novatec’s CSP plants achieve in Novatec’s Fresnel-based solar boilers contact 2 | 12 23
  • 24. Glimpses of ABBSpurring Africa’s growthCustom-made solar solutions expand local engineeringcapabilities, benefitting both, the people and the environment ofthe African continent A frica has an abundance of natural A lucrative marketplace, Africa has resources and many African been identified by ABB as a key growth countries are counted among market. With our industry expertise and the fastest growing economies comprehensive environmentally-conscious in the world. So, on the one hand the portfolio, we are currently operational in continent continues to grow exponentially, more than 15 countries on the African while on the other, the World Bank has continent: namely Algeria, Angola, estimated that more than 500 million Botswana, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Africans are living without electricity. It is Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Egypt, estimated that by 2015 Africa will produce Ghana, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic 20 percent of global oil and by 2040 the of Congo, Kenya, Mauritius, South Africa, African population may exceed that of India Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. or China. With growing economies and To accommodate the growth on booming populations, providing reliable the African continent, South Africa and electricity is becoming a huge challenge. Egypt have been identified as centers of Transmission and distribution grids in excellence in an initiative called the Focus many parts of Africa are operating close Africa Re-wire strategy. The two countries to capacity, and although new grids are will continue to drive sales in Africa by being built rapidly, many Africans still have recruiting and training additional sales no access to electricity. engineers who will be active in the market24 contact 2 | 12
  • 25. Glimpses of ABB Johannesburg – the commercial hub of South Africawith existing customers while developing levels of energy efficiency through the agenda for Africa, particularly south ofand extending our customer base. deployment of alternative and renewable the Sahara by strategically deploying the As a center of excellence, South Africa sources. most suitable of our many innovations.provides support to Angola, Congo, Through energy efficiency, companies ABB recently launched a new conceptKenya, Tanzania and Mozambique. These – and countries – can improve their for turnkey concentrating solar powercountries form part of the sub-Saharan sustainability significantly, allowing them (CSP) plants based on a low-cost, highlyregion. Predictions in the World Bank’s to focus their effort on other important efficient and highly scalable technologylatest ’Global Economic Prospects’ report elements such as staff and skills that uses considerably less material, landindicate that the sub-Saharan African region development. and water than any other CSP technology.is expected to record a 5.3 percent growth Globally, the energy efficiency of thermal The ABB-Novatec Solar concept can bein 2013 as global firms and domestic power plants alone has improved by three used to generate energy in a wide rangedemands remain robust. Despite a slower percentage points since 1990. However, of applications including stand-alone orprojected growth, developing countries strong disparities still exist between hybrid power plants, as fuel-savers inare expected to account for more than developed countries and the developing existing power plants, in desalination andhalf of the global growth from 2012 to world, where efficiency is low, mainly due district cooling plants, and in industrial2014. Huge investments in infrastructure to aging plants and the large share of coal processes that require steam. This is aare an integral part of the springboard for in thermal generation. Africa in particular fine example of a solution ideally suited toeconomic growth for both South Africa needs to be smart and forward thinking with the African continent’s requirements.and for the whole southern African region. its technology and automation investments. Expanding local engineering capabilitiesThe reliable supply of electricity, therefore, With its recognized expertise in power and working with customers to developremains a pressing issue on the continent. grid efficiency improvements, ABB has custom-made solutions that will benefit While globally coal remains the main worked with many power companies and the people and the environment whilesource for the production of electricity (40 authorities around the world to reduce the making the business more sustainablepercent), with natural gas accounting for rate of transmission and distribution losses. is ABB’s key objective for Africa. It hasmore than 20 percent, almost half of the However, most of these improvements were the technology, the expertise and theelectricity-producing countries of the world effected in developed countries, mainly experience to leverage its footprint withhave an emission factor of below 500 g through the use of low-loss conductors production in all five divisions.CO2 / kWh in 2009. However, Africa, with and transformers, the standardization and One of sub-Sahara’s most recent winsits large share of coal in the power mix, upgrading of transmission and distribution is the five-year Full Service® contract withcontinues to be a very high CO 2 emission voltages, and reactive power control. It is Namibia Custom Smelters (NCS). ABBproducer, presenting both challenges and now our aim to play an even bigger part will manage all maintenance to improveopportunities for the introduction of greater in driving the fast-track developmental productivity and equipment reliability at the contact 2 | 12 25
  • 26. Glimpses of ABBEnhancing local engineering capabilitycopper smelting and converting plant in development program involves the security stations and earth electrodes. This is theTsumeb, some 425 kilometers north of the and quality supply of its electrical energy first time that this technology will be used forcapital, Windhoek. We will also provide to the various treatment, pumping and overhead transmission lines. The Caprivi Linkprocess optimization, energy consulting distribution stations. In order to achieve the Interconnector will increase grid reliabilityand equipment life cycle services, mainly safe and reliable supply of electrical energy, and enable the establishment of powerthrough the retained maintenance staff and they have embarked on a medium voltage trading in the southern African region.management who will be further trained switchgear replacement project which spans The African continent certainly hasto meet our performance standards. across the various areas of its operation. established itself as the world’s current The plant houses two primary smelting ABB in South Africa was awarded phase focus for business growth opportunitiesfurnaces and three converters. It has an one of the switchgear replacement project and ABB is poised to leverage thoseannual production capacity of 200,000 tons in February 2012 at a value of R21.5 million. opportunities, while contributing in a significantof copper concentrate from the treatment Our superior technology and compliance way to the sustainable development of aof complex copper concentrates containing to the IEC 62271 standard, coupled with great continent.gold, silver and arsenic. The smelter is one extensive experience and credibility in the For more information: www.abb.co.zaof only a few in the world which is able to water industry, were some of the key factorstreat arsenic-bearing copper concentrates. in winning us this order. The estimated Another exciting project is the Rand date of completion for phase one is JuneWater project in South Africa. This project 2013, and once complete, it will assist inincludes the supply, delivery, installation and enabling Rand Water to continue to supplycold commissioning of 78 switchgear panels high quality potable water to the Gautengto four Rand Water sites namely, Amazimtoti, region.Vereeniging, Lethabo and Palmiet. Rand A pioneer project in the region involvesWater is an organ of state, reporting to the a 2 x 300 megawatt (MW) interconnectionDepartment of Water and Environmental between a converter station in the CapriviAffairs. Their distribution network strip in Namibia, close to the border ofincludes over 3,056 kilometers of large Zambia, and another converter station,diameter pipeline, feeding 58 strategically about 300 kilometers north of Windhoek.located service reservoirs. Its customers Known as the Caprivi Link Interconnector,include metropolitan municipalities, local the project spans over a distance of 950municipalities, mines and industries and kilometers, with AC voltages of 320 kilovoltit supplies, on average, 3,653 million (kV) and 400 kV on the two ends of aliters of water to these customers daily. In bipolar 350 kV DC overhead line. This isorder to ensure continuity of supply, Rand the first HVDC Light® project to be builtWater invests huge resources to expand, with overhead lines. ABB was responsibleupgrade and maintain its infrastructure. for system engineering including design,An important aspect of this infrastructure supply and installation of the two converter26 contact 2 | 12
  • 27. Executive editor: Karen WildsEditor-in-chief: Sanaj NatarajanProduction team:Ali Kelani, Anita Ramkumar, Arnab Sarkar,Claire Hill, Devaashish S. Savant, Erika Velazquez,Giridhar Sharma, Ivor Vidjen, Michael Wachter,Natasha Mathebula, Peter Stierli, Rakesh Shastri,Rubi Rakha, Sanaj Natarajan, Tamara ChettyTuija Elomaa-Maenpaa, Wendy JosephContact is published in English for circulationamong ABB customers and stakeholders withan interest in ABB offerings, products andtechnologies.Partial reprints or reproductions are permittedsubject to full acknowledgement. Completereprints require the publisher’s written consent.Publisher and copyright ©2012ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.DisclaimerThe information contained herein reflects the Preview 3|12views of the authors and is for informational Energy Efficiency –purposes only. Readers should not act upon theinformation contained herein without seekingprofessional advice. We make publicationsavailable with the understanding that the authorsare not rendering technical or other professional doing more while lowering costs andadvice or opinions on specific facts or mattersand assume no liability whatsoever in connection emissionswith their use.The companies of the ABB Group do not makeany warranty or guarantee, or promise, expressedor implied, concerning the content or accuracy ofthe views expressed herein. ABB has been in the energy business for 120 years. Using energy more efficiently will not only contribute the lion’s share of emissions reductions needed, it is arguably the most sustainable and cheapest way to reduce emissions and address global energy security. Energy-efficient systems can pay for themselves in energy saving, sometimes within months, and further reduce operation and maintenance costs in the long term. Plug in to the next issue of Contact to understand how we help our customers squeeze the most value from each unit of energy they use. contact 2 | 12 27
  • 28. Connect renewable power to the grid?Electricity generated by water, sun and wind is most abundant in remote areaslike mountains, deserts or far out at sea. ABB’s leading power and automation technologies help renewable power reach about 70 million people by integratingit into electrical grids, sometimes over vast distances. Our effort to harness Naturally.renewable energy is making power networks smarter, and helping to protect theenvironment and fight climate change. www.abb.com/betterworld

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