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Arabian Penisula Contact issue 2.2012

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Light and heat from the sun is the most abundant energy source on earth.The solar energy that hits our planet’s surface in one hour is about equal to the amount of energy consumed by all human …

Light and heat from the sun is the most abundant energy source on earth.The solar energy that hits our planet’s surface in one hour is about equal to the amount of energy consumed by all human activities in a year. Moreover, electricity generated by solar power is emission-free and can help mitigate climate change as well as reduce our dependence on finite carbon-based energy sources.

ABB offers a range of solutions that not just help capture the sun’s rays in the most effective manner but also help achieve grid parity.


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  • 1. 2 | 12 contact The customer magazine of ABB in India, Middle East & AfricaGenerating power from the sunBuilding grid capacity and boosting reliability 06Substations to help meet growing electricity demand in Saudi ArabiaEnhancing grid reliability 17High voltage GIS to support grid capacity expansionSpurring Africa’s growth 24Custom-made solar solutions for a continent on the move
  • 2. 06 Building grid capacity and boosting reliability Substations to help meet growing electricity 10 Shining a light on EURO 2012 Centralized intelligent lighting for large spaces demand in Saudi Arabiacontact 2|12 Dear friends, and concentrated solar power solutions. I would like to welcome you to the 2 nd issue of our customer magazine Contact. When solar electric power becomes an In this issue we’ll be focusing on solar important source of energy in our future, power, one of the pillars of growth for we need to make sure that we make the renewable sector in ABB.In line it easier for utilities and consumers to with Saudi Arabia’s vision for making select solar power over other forms of renewable energy an integral part of energy,while keeping safety and the transition into more sustainable reliability a priority. methods of power generation; the Saudi Arabian government plans to install 41 ABB is committed to providing safe, GW of solar energy by 2032. It’s worth clean, reliable renewable power to meet mentioning that peak power demand the growing demand in the region. We in Saudi Arabia will nearly triple in the hope that you find this issue of ContactMahmoud Shaban next 20 years, which means that the an interesting read.Sub-Regional Manager, dependency on oil needs to be reducedArabian Peninsula dramatically. Best Regards With our wide range of products and solutions, ABB has demonstrated its Mahmoud Shaban capability as a reliable system integrator in the solar business and will continue to offer its comprehensive solar portfolio of turnkey solutions, including photovoltaicContact 2|  1 2 • Customer news magazine from ABB • copyright 2012 • web: www.abb.com • email: contactmagazine@in.abb.com • Publisher: ABB Group• Layout: Shilahar Associates, Bangalore, India • Cover picture: De Nittis PV plant, Foggia – Puglia, Italy2 contact 2 | 12
  • 3. Table of contents 22 Solar integration and export Dedicated solutions for grid integration and commercialization of solar power19 Clean power from Mozambique Songo-Apollo HVDC link to transmit 2 gigawatts power from the hydro plant on the Zambezi river to neighboring South AfricaLocal news 16 Going green with hybrid power plants Complementing fuel generation with solar 04 Taking up the hospital lighting challenge energy for higher output Flexible control technology 17 Enhancing grid reliability 07 Strengthening our power products footprint High voltage GIS to support grid capacity High voltage gas-insulated switchgear factory expansion in Dammam 18 Powering one of India’s largest solar plants 40 MW grid-connected solar power plantGlobal news commissioned in five months08 Energy storage – why do we need it? Delivering reliable power on demand Events 20 Increasing energy efficiency in hotelsFeature 21 Managing a precious resource12 Harnessing Italy’s solar power potential Delivering 14 PV power plants in Italy For a better world 23 Leading through innovationIn focus Highly efficient CSP power plants15 Lethabo plant goes on stream ABB builds first South African solar power Glimpses of ABB plant in record time 24 Spurring Africa’s growth Custom-made solar solutions for a continent on the move contact 2 | 12 3
  • 4. Local newsTaking up the hospital lighting First authorizedchallenge channel partner inFlexible control technology Middle East LV drives get a boost JGB International Company WLL in Bahrain, part of JGB Group, a world- renowned conglomerate, is our first authorized channel partner in the Middle East and also in Africa and India, to distribute low voltage (LV) products and provide technical expertise for ABB’s energy-efficient LV drives, also known as variable frequency converters. The Group is committed to an extensive range of products, stock availability in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and an extremely efficient after sales service for clients to satisfy their total projects requirements. It serves the global energy industry by procuring and supplying quality Providing optimized lighting in a enables it to be seamlessly integrated products manufactured and supplied bydemanding hospital environment frees with the dialysis center’s building control top international manufacturers.medical staff from unnecessary, tedious system creating a truly smart building A leader in the supply of oil andtasks and raises the quality of hospital care. in which the lighting, climate and other gas, electro-mechanical and industrialThe ABB i-bus® KNX DALI Gateway lighting automation systems are digitally monitored insulations, JGB caters to industriescontrol system keeps the new Prince Naif and controlled. like refineries, petrochemicals and oilCenter for Dialysis in Riyadh, the capital of Our company was selected by the and gas, where it will distribute our LVSaudi Arabia, running smoothly. Housed center’s owner, the Ministry of Interior, drives. LV drives are typically used inin a purpose-built, three-storey building, on the strength of the energy savings a wide range of industrial applicationswith a floor space of around 5,000 square achieved and the many applications of our from machine building to controllingmeters, the center provides lifesaving technology in Saudi Arabia, the most recent comprehensive procession lines. Theytreatment for around 200 kidney patients of which is an award-winning installation enable high performance motor control andevery day. for the eight million square meter Princess provide flexible connectivity to automation Lighting is a significant element in the Noura University − the largest university systems. Our LV drives improve processrunning costs and ambience of a medical in Saudi Arabia and the largest women’s efficiency, reduce energy consumptioncenter, due to the round-the-clock nature university in the world. and improve productivity.of medical services. Patient care areas, For more information: www.abb.com/knxfrom OPD, through wards, to ICU needboth dim and bright lighting. Laboratoriesand diagnostics’ lighting needs differ fromadministrative, service and public areas’needs. Be it motion sensors or dimmers,the closer lighting systems mirror theseneeds, the more the energy savings. Our system provides double-digit energysavings – as much as 40 percent. Energyis saved by enabling individual patientsto adjust the lighting intensity in each ofthe 48 dialysis rooms during their longtreatment sessions. It is also saved byusing presence detectors in stairwells,brightness sensors for the façade, gardensand external areas, and timers for parkingareas – or a combination of all three whereneeded. The flexibility of our technology4 contact 2 | 12
  • 5. Local news Power for productivity Adding 800 MW to the Saudi national grid “Our prime business objective is toprovide our customers with superior qualityproducts that together with customerservices, add value to their business,” saidAbdul Gafoor, Director, JGB Group. “Weare very upbeat about being associatedwith a world renowned brand such asABB. With the value provider program wewill be able to deliver much better valueto clients," he concluded. Our Value Provider Program is designedfor distributors, technical distributors,system integrators, service providers andpanel builders. It provides the third partypartners a unified, consistent solution forour complete portfolio. This is reflectedto the end customer in wider offerings,availability of technical expertise andeasily recognizable retailer. Our partnersare capable of supplying the very bestcustomer service as they work to high, The global demand for aluminum remains commence in 2014.audited standards. strong as it is widely used in industries like Maadens $10.8 billion joint venture with “Via this program, we aim to ensure transportation, aerospace, automotive and Alcoa will be the largest and most efficientconsistent quality of the network offering railways, packing, construction as well vertically integrated aluminium complex inand improve the level of the channel as for household items. In the second the world. It will use Saudi Arabias bauxitemanagement and channel support,” said quarter of 2012, ABB won orders worth resources to profitably produce aluminiumAki Maenpaa, Manager for ABB’s discrete around $24 million from Ma’aden Aluminum for domestic and international markets asautomation and motion division in the Gulf. Company (MAC) to execute a fast-track well as to facilitate the development ofFor more information: www.abb.com/drives transmission substation project in northeast domestic downstream industries in the Saudi Arabia. Kingdom. The mandate is to design, engineer and ABB is the world’s leading supplier of supply a 380-kilovolt (kV) outdoor gas- turnkey air-insulated, gas-insulated and insulated switchgear (GIS) substation at the hybrid substations with voltage levels up Ras Al Khair power plant that will export to 1,100 kV, facilitating the efficient and 800 megawatt (MW) of power from the reliable transmission and distribution of plant to the national transmission grid to electricity with minimum environmental feed a new aluminum smelter. The scope of impact. supply includes high voltage outdoor gas- For more information: www.abb.com/substations insulated switchgear, communication and auxiliary systems and IEC 61850-compliant substation automation, control and protection. These containerized systems will be factory assembled and pre- commissioned to speed up on-site installation. Ma’aden, in a joint venture with Alcoa, is building an integrated aluminum mining, refining, smelting and rolling mill facility at Ras Al Khair. The multibillion dollar complex will produce 4 million tons per annum (mtpa) bauxite, 1.8 mtpa alumina, 740 kilo tons per annum (ktpa) of aluminum metal and 380 ktpa rolled products, The smelter and rolling mill will commence production in 2013, while the mine and refinery will contact 2 | 12 5
  • 6. Local newsMeeting growing electricity demand in a sustainable mannerBuilding grid capacity andboosting reliabilitySubstations to help meet growing electricity demand in Saudi Arabia, whichaccounts for around half of the total electricity consumption in the GulfCooperation Council regionE conomic growth, led by the University (PNAU) in Riyadh. We have rates. oil and gas sector is driving previously built three substations to provide Scope of work the development of power electricity to Saudi Arabia’s first university The projects are scheduled for infrastructure to secure electricity for women and the largest women-only completion by 2014, and include delivery ofsupplies in Saudi Arabia. By 2001, peak university in the world, comprising some products such as gas-insulated switchgear,loads in Saudi Arabia shot up to about 24 32 campuses. transformers, medium voltage switchgear,gigawatts (GW), and it is estimated that “The substations will boost power auxiliary systems and cables. We will alsoby 2023 they will approach 60 GW. State capacity to address growing electricity supply the supervisory control and datapolicies and projects are now resolutely demand in the central region,” said Brice acquisition (SCADA) system, the equipmentaimed towards sustainable development Koch, head of ABB’s Power Systems for automation, control and protectionof the electricity sector, through waste-to- division. “They will also help to improve grid and IEC 61850-compliant communicationenergy measures, energy efficiency and reliability and power quality while ensuring systems to enable centralized remotestricter conservation regulations. energy efficiency.” monitoring and control of power assets In the first quarter of 2012, on the We will also work on a project, through located at multiple sites.strength of our track record in the region, Ewaan Global Residential Company, a The Al-Fareeda substation is to beABB won orders worth around $70 million local engineering, procurement and equipped with a capacitor bank, to reduceto execute substation projects for the construction (EPC) contractor, for the electricity losses and enhance the stabilitySaudi Electricity Company (SECO), the turnkey construction of a 110/13.8 kV and quality of power supply by improvingcountry’s national power transmission substation at Al-Fareeda. This installation the networks power factor, which is anand distribution operator. Saudi Electricity will provide power to a new mixed-use indicator of the usable power available inCompany is the Gulf’s largest utility. development, north of Jeddah city. the grid. Mixed-use development holds a certain Our world-class protection andIncreasing power capacity appeal by providing a range of commercial control solutions ensure reliable power The project requirements include design, and residential unit sizes and options that transmission and distribution so we cansupply, installation and commissioning of can reportedly create additional value and offer uninterrupted and reliable power toa new 132/13.8 kilovolt (kV) substation at outperform standard, single-use real estate end users, even in harsh environmentalAl-Raas in the Al-Qassim province, and the developments in terms of increased office conditions.extension of an existing 380 kV substation and retail prices, rents and occupancy For more information: www.abb.com/substationsat the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman rates, as well as accelerating absorption6 contact 2 | 12
  • 7. Local newsStrengthening our powerproducts footprintNew factory in Dammam to produce high voltage gas-insulated switchgear tomeet growing power infrastructure demandsI n line with its vision of working closer with ABB’s regional ‘in country for country’ complex switchgear applications in to customers, ABB will invest around approach and business philosophy to densely populated areas, for aesthetic $40 million, to construct a new locate production and service facilities town planning or in areas under severe manufacturing plant for high voltage closer to our customers.” environmental stress.gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) and a The economic growth experienced by Earlier this year, we introduced ourtransformer service workshop in Saudi Gulf countries has highlighted the need for latest generation of 420 kV GIS with aArabia, to serve the growing power power infrastructure to secure supplies of compact design that reduces volumeinfrastructure needs of the region. electricity, both at times of peak demand by up to 33 percent and SF 6 insulating The switchgear plant will initially and in the long term. The Gulf Cooperation gas requirement by as much as 40manufacture 132 kilovolt (kV) GIS, with Council (GCC) region’s total electricity percent, making it more environmentallyhigher ratings to follow. The transformer consumption has risen nearly tenfold since friendly. This product launch is part ofservice center will support our large 1980. Saudi Arabia is the largest consumer, our technology and innovation focusinstalled base in the region and serve accounting for around half of the total GCC and follows the recent launch of thecustomers with a more complete electricity consumption. advanced versions of the 245 kV andportfolio. The two new facilities will 72.5 kV range.occupy 40,000 square meters of space Meeting the test of technology and For more information:and will be located in the city of Dammam terrain www.abb.com/substationsin the eastern part of the country and ABB pioneered high voltage GIShome to the largest port in the Arabian in the mid-1960s and as a marketGulf. leader, continues to drive technology Unlike boom towns that grew withthe discovery of oil reserves, Dammamhas developed in all spheres. While itis undoubtedly the headquarters of theSaudi Arabian oil industry, it is also amodern urban and industrial center.Excellent roads and highways connect itwith other urban and industrial centers inthe Kingdom. To encourage the growth of non-oil industries, two industrial cities wereestablished in the open space betweenthe three cities of Dammam, Al-Khobarand Dhahran. Together, they housemore than 244 factories with hundredsmore under construction. These plantsmanufacture a variety of consumer andindustrial products that are marketedthroughout the Kingdom and areexported to other countries around theworld.Responsive to the high-growth needs New manufacturing plant for high voltage gas-insulated switchgear in the offingof the Arabian peninsula “Local manufacturing of our GIS range and innovation, offering a full-rangein Saudi Arabia and our transformer service product portfolio with voltage levelsfacility will enable us to respond to our from 72.5 kilovolts (kV) to 1,200 kV. Thecustomers’ needs more efficiently,” said main features of GIS, like extremely lowBernhard Jucker, head of ABB’s Power space requirements and high reliability,Products division. “This decision is in line offer smart and economic solutions for contact 2 | 12 7
  • 8. Global newsEnergy storage –why do we need it?Delivery of power on demand depends on reliable energy storesto provide power bridges that support short-term gaps, safeshutdown and back-up needs I t’s not that energy storage is a whole new changes and can only generate power concept, it has, in fact, been an integral intermittently and with a highly variable component of electricity generation, output. This is where energy storage plays transmission and distribution systems for a crucial part in supporting the grid − more than a century. Traditionally, energy when the wind is blowing or the sun is storage needs have been met by physically shining, excess power should be stored storing fuels for fossil-fuelled power plants, and made available during both, suboptimal and by using generated power in pumped generating conditions and during peak hydro storage schemes. demand. Recently however, there has been a Such fundamental changes in the shift in the power landscape towards using architecture and controllability of the grid and integrating renewable energy, mostly must be supported by smart, efficient power wind and solar energy. Although renewable transmission and distribution networks. For power generation is more sustainable in these networks to deliver and distribute the long run, the delivery of reliable power power efficiently, the storage of energy at on demand remains a major challenge. appropriate times and locations becomes Wind and solar power installations vital; both, to balance generation with are affected by seasonal and diurnal consumption, and to maintain grid stability.8 contact 2 | 12
  • 9. Global newsThe right energy storage solution for To provide additional power to the grid Dynamic energy storage installationthe job on demand, we supplied and installed in the UK ABB has a long history of delivering a battery energy storage solution using ABB recently worked with UK Powerenergy storage solutions, including pumped Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries that can Networks, which supplies power to overhydropower schemes that go back over a provide one megawatt of power for a eight million homes and businesses incentury and more than a decade’s experience duration of 15 minutes. the UK, to develop a dynamic energyin battery energy storage systems. The storage facility is integrated with storage solution. The installation enables Our technologies address a wide range of EKZ’s power distribution network and is renewable energy generated by local windpower needs from merely tens of kilowatts being used to evaluate performance in power plants to be fed into the powerup to hundreds of megawatts, thus, utilities, key areas such as balancing peak loads, network when needed. It also ensures thatindustrial customers and rail operators intermittent power supply and the viability some of the energy is kept in reserve toaround the world continue to deploy these of the solution for grid optimization. regulate power flow to compensate for thetechnologies. These facilities help balance intermittence of wind power and to supportpower demands and supplies, by stabilizing Battery energy storage increases the power quality in the event of a fault.network voltages and frequencies, providing role of renewables in Sweden To meet these needs, we implemented apower bridges to support short-term gaps, Falbygdens Energi is a Swedish utility turnkey DynaPeaQ® solution, incorporatingand safe shutdown and back-up needs. with a significant portion of wind power SVC Light®, which included eight stacksEventually, our solutions are designed to connected to the grid in the Swedish city of 13 Li-ion battery modules located in anenhance flexibility, increase energy securities of Falköping. 11 kV grid.and minimize environmental impacts. ABB was selected to supply an Together, these high-power density Examples of our recent installations innovative dynamic energy storage solution, modules can store up to 200 kilowatt hoursworldwide include Switzerland, Sweden for the utility’s power distribution network, (kWh) of electrical energy.and the UK. to maximize the integration of renewables The installation provides dynamic voltage into the power chain. For this project, we control in the distribution system and, atSwitzerland’s largest battery energy utilized our battery energy storage expertise the same time, enables dynamic storagestorage project to store locally produced energy from wind of surplus energy from the wind power ABB recently commissioned the largest turbines to create a storage capacity of plant. This surplus energy is used to levelbattery energy storage project of its 75 kilowatts (kW) in cycles of up to 60 out peaks in grid loading to provide gridkind in Switzerland with EKZ, a leading minutes. The stored energy will then be stability.distribution utility and one of the largest used to stabilize the grid and help balance For more information:energy companies in Switzerland. peak loads during the day. www.abb.com/energyefficiency contact 2 | 12 9
  • 10. Global newsShininga light onEURO 201260,000 football fans enjoyed ideal lightingconditions throughout the Group matchesand during the knockout stages withcentralized, intelligent lighting controls forlarge spacesA s the 14th UEFA European look at the action on the pitch. During the connected the lighting systems in the Football Championship EURO three Group B matches, in the evenings, stadium from the locker rooms to the 2012, kicked off, all eyes were fans and players alike, depended on optimal VIP lounge and the KNX-based building on Poland, one of the hosts of lighting throughout the stadium, creating control system helped rapidly control thethe event, where 16 teams were battling bright moments off the field. Our control brightness and light so that the fans gotit out for the coveted trophy. system ensured that no one had to sit or the best football experience. On June 9, 2012, 30,000 football fans play in the dark. It provided centralized Many English and French football fansgathered beneath the lights controlled control of lighting systems and, through its had already experienced optimal lightingby ABB’s i-bus ® KNX technology at the intelligent software provided energy-efficient at the airport of Donetsk, Ukraine, whereArena Lviv stadium in the Ukraine while lighting by optimizing the brightness of the our modern building system technologieswatching Germany play Portugal at Arena stadium to suit the natural light conditions. controlled the lights, and guided footballLviv, a dedicated football stadium and one On June 11, Sweden played Ukraine fans towards their group matches.of eight around the world to host UEFA’s in the first of the tournament matches ABB has been part of such big events inEuro 2012. at the Stadium, in Kiev. At this stadium stadiums similar to those used in the Euro Although the stadium was reputed to 60,000 football fans enjoyed ideal lighting Cup on earlier occasions, like the 2010be the smallest venue, rather than its size conditions throughout the group’s matches World Cup. At this event we supplied dry-counting against it, proved to be an added and during the knockout stages. type transformers which served the Greenattraction for football fans for an up close One hundred i-bus KNX DALI gateways Point stadium in Cape Town, which has10 contact 2 | 12
  • 11. Global news Our technologies make us partners in major sports stadiums around the worlda retractable roof and a seating capacityof 68,000. Similar transformers in the 500to 1000 kVA range have been installed KNX: One system. One standard.in the Soccer City stadium, located inSoweto, Johannesburg. This stadium, with Many interconnected functions.a seating capacity of around 100,000, was – Maximum flexibilitythe focal point of the tournament and was – Offers safety and security for both people and propertychosen as the venue for the opening and – Energy–saving with climate, shutter, heating and lighting controlclosing ceremonies and key matches of – Quick and simple adaptation to individual needs and use of premises, suchthe tournament. as sports stadiumsFor more information: www.abb.com/knx – Replaces separate control solutions typical of technology with a single, optimal, energy–efficient system contact 2 | 12 11
  • 12. Feature DeNittis PV plant, Foggia – Puglia, Italy Photovaltaic panels12 contact 2 | 12
  • 13. FeatureHarnessingItaly’s solarpower potentialSuccessful delivery of 14 photovoltaic power plants in Italy witha combined generating capacity of 100 MW in just 9 months2 011 was a year of intense activity in the solar photovoltaic (PV) market. With new installations adding 29 gigawatts (GW) of solar energy ABB solar offeringsacross the globe, the solar PV marketmarked a tremendous 58 percent year-on- – Turnkey solution – design, engi- – Remote monitoring, operation,year growth. Italy came to the forefront as neering, supply, installation and diagnostics and maintenancethe single largest solar market, for the first commissioning from a dedicated control center intime overtaking Germany, the world leader – Quick turnaround – qualifies our a remote locationin PV. As the engineering, procurement and customers for high feed-in tariff – Full range of power and automa-construction (EPC) partner of 14 PV plants, – Trusted engineering, procurement tion equipment − transformers,ABB was ready to step up to the challenge and construction (EPC) consortium switchgear, inverters, protectionwhen the window of opportunity appeared. partner devices, medium voltage cabi-We are proud of having taken part in this – Best-in-class substation monitor- nets, medium and high voltagedefining moment in Italy’s solar power ing and control system − efficiently cables, distributed control sys-industry especially as this is a success transfers power from plant to grid tems and control software, lowwe can replicate elsewhere in the world. – High optimization and low power voltage systems, auxiliary systems losses − push peak performance (such as lighting and ventilation)The challenge ratio above customer expectations Setting up the 24 megawatt (MW) – Electrical balance of plant (EBoP)Canino PV power plant in Lazio was a test solutionof our mettle in end-to-end project delivery.There were many layers of complexity in theexecution of the project: hilly terrain, poor contact 2 | 12 13
  • 14. Feature soil condition, the magnitude of installation for a large-scale roof-top PV plant. Located over a 95-hectare site and just as daunting, on the roof of a commercial building in management of a 500-strong workforce. the town of Cairo Montenotte, the plant Civil works, installation and commissioning incorporates 3,840 PV panels on fixed were carried out simultaneously at different structures and provides 0.864 MW of places on the site and the plant was electric power. This power is not used by delivered in just five months. the facility; instead it is transferred to a 15 The Canino plant supplies 103,488 kilovolt (kV) distribution network. modules, making it the largest lease financing PV project ever undertaken in Italy. As a The success result of high optimization and substantially Our turnkey solutions reduce the cost lower power losses, the site is operating at and risk of constructing and operating 87 percent instead of the expected peak photovoltaic power plants, consequently performance ratio of 81.5 percent. allowing for rapid deployment. It was a real In Foggia, three plants with a combined challenge to meet the time constraints on capacity of 39 MW were completed six the delivery of all 14 power plants. Even so, weeks ahead of schedule. We were 12 were completed ahead of schedule and responsible for remote monitoring the a 24 MW plant was built and commissioned plants from a dedicated PV control center in five months.A trusted partner for turnkey solar PV plants in Genoa, almost 400 miles distant. Also There is good reason why we are second in Foggia, four plants in a 10-kilometer to none in speed and efficiency: for one, area were set up three weeks ahead of as leaders in power and automation, we time, despite delays caused by heavy draw on our vast manufacturing capacity Over a period of 45 years winter rains. The multi-plant project has for solutions. Both, procurement channels we have successfully a combined capacity of 15 MW. and supply chain processes are designed The Helios ITA-3 parks with two 5 MW for speed and efficiency. Secondly, we completed 300 EPC plants, in Brindisi and Mesagne were meet pressing deadlines by successfully projects worldwide in completed in under ten weeks, well ahead collaborating with local subcontractors in diverse industries. of schedule and under budget. Each plant Italy with a proven track record. Lastly, our comprises 22,500 polycrystalline modules EPC competence and electrical expertise mounted on single-axis trackers. Remote come into play in managing and executing operation and maintenance are carried out complex processes on site. via the control center in Genoa. In conclusion, we have a long and In Sicily our company was the EPC successful track record as EPC partners. contractor for Falck Renewables that Over a period of 45 years we have operates solar, wind, biomass and waste- successfully completed 300 EPC projects to-energy plants in Italy, UK, France and worldwide in diverse industries – power Spain. The three PV power plants at generation, oil and gas and water, to name Spinasanta, Cardonita and Sugherotorto a few. With our EPC center of excellence with a combined generating capacity of located in Genoa we were perfectly 13.1 MW use almost 57,000 photovoltaic positioned to execute turnkey projects cells and a support structure at a tilt angle for the local Italian market. of 20 degrees. For more information: www.abb.com/solar In Liguria we provided a turnkey solution Did you know? ABB has long been at the forefront of solutions for the world’s first the solar power industry. integrated solar and combined cycle In the 1980s ABB developed the plant power plants in Algeria, Egypt and automation platform for the world’s the United States. first concentrating solar power (CSP) And, in PV power plants we have an test facility in Spain, and is now a extensive reference list of solutions leading supplier of turnkey CSP plants that not only covers the length and based on the uniquely cost-effective breadth of Italy, but much of the technology of its partner, Novatec Solar. northern Mediterranean as well. In 2010 we delivered comprehensive14 contact 2 | 12
  • 15. In focusLethabo plant goeson streamABB builds first South African solar power plant in record time as part of a pilotscheme to reduce the national utilitys carbon footprint system that optimizes the number of panels connected to each inverter enabling the plant to harness more energy at all times, even during periods of poor light like dawn, dusk and cloudy weather. ABB’s turnkey solution included the design, engineering, erection, grid connection and commissioning of the groundbreaking solar plants. The electrical, control and automation equipment as well as the optimization technologies to be deployed were also manufactured by us. Rapid delivery was facilitated by our well-proven concept of pre-assembled, factory-tested electrical balance of plant modules, and by our expertise in project execution, which, in the case of Lethabo and Kendal, have cut weeks off the conventional delivery time to enable the plants to be fully operational in record time. For more information: www.abb.com/solarThe inaugural ceremony at the Lethabo solar PV plant in November 2011 “The world-class technology will give ABB inC South Africa the opportunity to transfer skills ompleting the first South African an annual production potential of 11.4 in solar technology, further complementing solar power plant in record time, million kWh. This project was successfully and enhancing local capabilities in engineering and project management." ABB has surpassed industry launched on November 25, 2011. expectations. The greenfield Both PV projects form part of a pilot – Goetz-Dietrich Wolffphotovoltaic (PV) power plant, based scheme aimed at eventually reducing Manager of Power Generation business inadjacent to the Lethabo power station Eskom’s carbon footprint. To optimize South Africain Gauteng, was completed in just 75 productivity, high-efficiency ABBdays and will provide power for the plant’s monocrystalline PV panels were selectedadministration buildings, while reducing because of their uniquely efficient conceptthe facility’s auxiliary power consumption. for PV power plants. The approach The Lethabo project, which was combined high levels of customization, rapidcommissioned by Eskom, South turnkey delivery and system optimizationAfrica’s national utility, was inaugurated technologies that enable the plants toin November 2011 by national Public generate around 20 percent more energyEnterprises Minister, Malusi Gigaba. ABB than alternative designs.was tasked with pioneering a single axis The PV plants are designed to operatetracking solar PV system with a peaking independently to produce electrical powercapacity of 575 kilowatts (kW) and an for use by the existing power stations andannual production potential of 12.5 million will be capable of remote operation andkilowatt hours (kWh). monitoring. Similarly, ABB also won the Eskom The technologies, several of which arePV contract for installing a fixed-tilt solar patented by us, include a programmablePV power plant at the Kendal station, in logic controller (PLC) that increases trackerMpumalanga, with a 620 kW capacity and accuracy and an automatic switching contact 2 | 12 15
  • 16. In focusGoing green with hybridpower plantsComplementing fuel generation with solar energy for higher output and lower fuelconsumption and CO2 emissionsA t present, fossil fuels dominate the electricity generation landscape of the Middle East where, both the costs of inland fuel-burningand the environmental impact of CO 2emissions have raised concerns. ABB’s integrated solar combined cycle(ISCC) addresses this issue by employingthe region’s abundant solar irradiance intohighly efficient, reliable and environmentally-friendly hybrid power plants. The conceptcombines conventional fossil fuel-poweredsteam turbines and a solar thermal steamgenerator to provide reliable and cleanpower. Unlike classic, open-cycle, gas-firedpower plants, releasing high temperatureflue gasses directly into the atmosphere,ABB’s combined cycle solution makesuse of this residual thermal energy, byproducing steam in a heat recovery steamgenerator (HRSG). In parallel to this heatrecovery generated steam, ABB Novatec’sFresnel-based solar boilers produce a World’s first solar hybrid coal-fired power station of ABB in Liddell, Australiasecond stream of superheated steam.Due to the high solar thermal steam was completed in January 2012. The 9.3 60 percent. The on-site infrastructure,parameters achieved in the solar boilers, megawatt (MW) power station consists together with the pre-existing operatingthe two streams can operate independently, of four rows of linear Fresnel reflectors, licenses, further enhance our high-efficient,resulting in high flexibility. covering an area of 18,000 square meters, clean electricity generation concept into a almost the size of three football fields. profitable turnkey solution.Increased energy efficiency – decreased ABB innovation and development ofemissions Enhanced oil recovery hybrid power plants provide a more energy- This solar-augmentation process results Apart from utility electricity generation, efficient option for electricity generation inin an increase of output power of the the idea of complementing fuel generation the Middle East, which relies heavily onotherwise low-efficiency, fossil fuel-fired with solar energy can be particularly fossil fuels. In addition, the EOR methodpower plants. In addition, it results in a useful for reducing the fuel consumption can increase the amount of oil extractedsignificant reduction in fuel consumption of energy-intensive industries. For the by using solar generated steam – bothand CO2 emissions. This hybrid approach major oil producers in the Gulf Cooperation technologies are a vital step forward towith the integration of solar power helps Council (GCC), the solar-based enhanced lowering the environmental impact of CO2mitigate the effects of the fluctuant nature oil recovery (EOR) displays the potential emissions, which is an increasingly pressingof solar irradiation. By modulating the fuel of significantly increasing the amount of issue, both in the Middle East and aroundinput of the plant, these fluctuations can extracted crude oil, while lowering the fuel the world.be compensated, resulting in a permanent costs. By injecting solar generated steam For more information: www.abb.com/solarcoverage of the grid’s power needs. into the oil beds and heating them, the ABB Novatec’s power plant in Liddell, viscosity of the heavy crude oil can beAustralia, is the world’s first integration reduced and facilitate its pumping to theof solar thermal technology with a surface. Already technologically proven,traditional coal-fired power station. The the concept can increase the amount ofproject commenced in early 2011 and extractable oil from aging wells by upto16 contact 2 | 12
  • 17. In focus Power you can rely on in harsh environmental conditionsEnhancing grid reliabilityHigh voltage gas-insulated switchgear to support expansion of grid capacity inSaudi Arabia and meet the rapidly growing demand for electricityI n the second quarter of 2012, ABB won of the total electricity consumption in the an order worth over $40 million for high Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region. voltage gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) Economic growth, led by the oil and gas from the Al Toukhi Group, a leading sector is driving the development of powerengineering, procurement and construction infrastructure to secure electricity supplies.(EPC) company. The 420 kilovolt (kV) GIS equipment Closer to customerssupplied will form an integral part of In line with our business philosophythe New Muhayil West and Al Omran to locate production and service facilitiessubstations being built for Saudi Electricity closer to our customers, we recentlyCompany (SEC), the country’s national announced a $40 million investment for thepower transmission and distribution construction of a new manufacturing plantoperator. The substations are scheduled for high voltage GIS and transformer to be energized in June 2014. service workshop in Saudi Arabia. ABB pioneered high voltage GIS inHelping to meet Saudi Arabia’s growing the mid-1960s and as a market leader,energy needs continues to drive technology and Al Omran, located in the eastern part innovation, offering a full range in its productof Saudi Arabia, is part of the Qurayyah portfolio with voltage levels from 72.5 kVIndependent Power Project (IPP). New to 1,200 kV. The compact, low-weightMuhayil, connected to the Shuqaiq and and robust design features enable theNamera North transmission network, is deployment of equipment in constrainedbeing constructed to meet the rapidly spaces and harsh conditions to enhancegrowing demand for electricity in the grid reliability and efficiency with minimumsouthwestern part of the country. maintenance needs. “The new substations where this GIS For more information:equipment will be installed will enhance http://www.abb.com/gridreliabilitypower capacity and help meet growingelectricity demand to support industrialdevelopment in the country,” said BernhardJucker, head of ABB’s Power Productsdivision. Saudi Arabia accounts for around half contact 2 | 12 17
  • 18. In focusPowering one of India’slargest solar plants40 MW grid-connected solar power plant in Gujarat commissioned in just fivemonths for Adani Group, who made a paradigm shift from thermal to solar powergenerationI nfrastructure conglomerate, Adani Group, commissioned a 40-megawatt (MW) solar power plant in Bitta in Gujarats Bhuj district in December2011. The plant marks Adani Group’sforay into the renewable energy sectorand was commissioned in a record timeof five months. Over four lakh thin filmphotovoltaic (PV) modules are mountedon approximately 21,700 mountingstructures to generate 40 megawattsof electricity. The Group envisionssetting up an even bigger 100 MW solarpower plant in the future, as a furthercommitment towards clean and greenenergy. Currently, the power generatedfrom this solar plant is connected toNetra substation in the same district. For ABB, this was one of the biggestsolar substation orders in India. Thescope included supply, erection andcommissioning of a 66 kilovolt (kV)switchyard with two 66/11 kV, 25/31.5megavolt amperes (MVA) power Adanis 40 MW solar plant in Bittatransformers, 11 kV medium voltageindoor switchgear, 10 two-way ring main national level. Gujarat’s solar capacityunits (RMU) and 18 three-way RMUs. today corresponds to two-thirds of the Dhinesh D, Project Manager for the installed capacity of the entire nation.Power Systems business, ABB in India For more information: www.abb.com/solarsaid, “Meeting the rigorous parametersset by the customer, within the shorttime frame specified, proved to be atremendous challenge. Despite this, wewere able to deliver all products, fromtransformers to RMUs, on time. The solid Did you know?support of our supply chain and divisions – We are partners in diverse – In Surendranagar we supplied twoand the overall coordination of effort photovoltaic solar plant projects PVS 800, 500 kW solar inverterswas critical to the successful execution across Gujarat, varying in scale and one 1,250 kVA solar compactof this project.”We are also executing from 1 to 40 MW, and in location substation for Rajesh Power from desert to inland waterways. Services Private Limited’s 1 MW765 kV projects for Adani Group in other – In Chandrasan, we supplied the plant, commissioned ahead oflocations; in Tiroda, Koradi and Akola. compact substation and ring main schedule. The Group’s entry into the solar unit for SunEdison’s 1 MW canal-space was greatly facilitated by top solar power plant that coversGujarat Government’s policies and the a one-kilometer stretch of thepreferential tariff regime established to Narmada Canal.encourage participation of developersin this priority area. This state-specificinitiative has set an example at the18 contact 2 | 12
  • 19. In focus HVDC transformer at SongoClean power from MozambiqueSongo-Apollo HVDC link to transmit 2 gigawatts power from the hydro plant onthe Zambezi river to neighboring South AfricaA small but fast growing eco- In 2006, Eskom contracted ABB to nomy, Mozambique in south- upgrade the Apollo converter station’s east Africa is poised to capacity from 1,920 MW to 2,500 MW, become the largest exporter and also lay the groundwork for a futureof coal, and with hydro power and more upgrade to 3,960 MW. Now ABB isrecently, the discovery of two enormous modernizing Apollo’s sister station ingas fields in Mozambique waters, a Mozambique.major energy exporter. The capacity at Songo station The Cahora Bassa hydro plant on remains the same, but it will get newthe Zambezi river produces 2,075 converter transformers, smoothing Cahora Bassa Dam, Mozambiquemegawatts (MW), most of which is reactors, arresters and measuringexported to neighboring South Africa equipment. The DC equipment will be pool, and the HVDC transmission linevia a 1,400 kilometer (km) high voltage commissioned in the second half of linking it to the South African marketdirect current (HVDC) transmission line. 2013 and the transformers a year later. will provide an efficient highway for theJointly owned by Hidroeléctrica de As with the Apollo upgrade, this project plant’s output for years to come.Cahora Bassa in Mozambique and will enhance availability and reliability, Demand for clean energy is increasingEskom, South Africa’s public utility, the ensuring a steady flow of power from rapidly and infrastructure projects likeHVDC transmission system comprises Cahora Bassa. Songo will play a vital role in the Africantwo parallel lines stretching from the The two gigawatts of clean, reliable continent’s economic success story.Songo converter station in Mozambique hydropower supplied by Mozambique For more information:to the Apollo station near Johannesburg. is critical to South Africa, beset www.abb.com/energyefficiency First installed in the late 1970s, the with recurring power shortages. ForSongo-Apollo link was largely destroyed Mozambique, the energy exportsduring 25 years of civil war. Finally, a represent an important source ofrestoration project repaired or replaced income. The Cahora Bassa plant isnearly all the 4,200 transmission line already one of the largest generationtowers, bringing the system back online facilities in the South African powerin 1998. contact 2 | 12 19
  • 20. EventsHotel Show, DubaiIncreasing energy efficiency in hotelsRising energy demands and energy costsworld over have brought more and morepeople around to the view that energyefficiency is the alternative fuel. At The HotelShow in Dubai, UAE, ABB showcased thei-bus® KNX technology which encouragesefficient energy usage. Meanwhile, thethrice-nominated KNX team from ABB inEgypt walked away with the 2012 KNXAward at the Light and Building Fair inFrankfurt, Germany. “The hotel industry has started to focus Automation solutions for buildingsmore on automated solutions that providegreater energy efficiency, convenience andease of use. Buildings with our technologyare easier to manage and control, it allowsan everyday working or living environmentto be easily adapted to the individual’sneeds while saving energy.” – Tarek Zakaria, regional manager forKNX building technology, Middle East andAfricaSolarcon, Bangalore and Renewable Energy World, New DelhiCapturing the power of the sunWith the world’s focus firmly on the needfor increasing the proportion of renewablesin the energy mix, ABB shared its portfolioof solar energy solutions at RenewableEnergy World 2012 exposition in New Delhiand SOLARCON in Bangalore. “The intensive preparation that wentinto displaying our solar portfolio and thein-depth discussions that followed withvarious clients and visitors really paid off.The renewables industry is going througha consolidation phase in India and the SOLARCON, Bangaloredemand and opportunities for extendingpower infrastructure have resulted in anopen, professional and specific exchangeof information.” – Subir Pal, Country Manager, IndustrySegment Initiative (ISI) Renewable Energy World, New Delhi20 contact 2 | 12
  • 21. EventsAquatech, New DelhiManaging a precious resourceConservation is the most environmentallysound way of reducing demand for waterthat is a fast depleting resource all overthe globe. ABB shared its contributionsto sustainable resource management atAquatech, the largest international watershow in India. “We rolled out our complete packageof solutions for instrumentation, controland electrical (ICE) on a LCD screen,from motors, switchgear and automation,through desalination, water supply, sewagetreatment and effluent treatment plants tolift irrigation, canal automation and non-revenue water. We got great mileagefrom Aquatech, closing two orders forinstrumentation on the spot.” – Ravindra Akki, Country Water ISI,Manager, IndiaForthcoming events in the regionSouthern Gulf and IndiaPakistan Visit us at Seatrade Middle East Maritime, November 27-29, 2012, Dubai World Trade Center – UAE, Stand M1.Let ABB present convincing evidence on And find out more on increased uptime on Visit us at ELASIA 2013, the internationalhow we can increase asset performance turbochargers and reduced operation cost. exhibition on power, electrical and lightingby 6%. from January 4-6, 2013, at BIEC, Bangalore, Ask for proof on how we can achieve where you can see the very latest lowthe extra output and we will show you how voltage product offerings from ABB.we can lower cost and add more value Central Africa and Egyptto your business by focusing on the realissues you are grappling with today:– Extend asset life and reduce operational expenditure Mepcon12– Reduce emissions and energy Get to know the latest technology trends consumption at Middle East Power Systems Conference– Make optimal use of assets and take MEPCON ’12 from December 23-25. The quick decisions 15th international conference at Alexandria– Stabilize power input and improve power in Egypt will explore power systems in quality depth, from smart grids and power– Safer operations electronics to FACTS and HVDC transmission systems.Visit us at Adipec 2012, November 11-14,Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Center(ADNEC), Abu Dhabi, UAE. contact 2 | 12 21
  • 22. For a better worldSolar integration and exportDedicated solutions for integrating solar power in the utility grid and trans-continental transmission via HVDC enable our customers to optimize operationsand boost profitabilityW e support our customers right (Distributed Power Control and Dispatch The solar plants to be built in North Africa from selecting the optimal Systems), as well as an innovative, fast need to be interconnected, but most of all, generation solutions through and highly charged/discharged efficient the power needs to be transmitted over to to enabling the reliable flywheel storage for grid stabilization. Europe through HVDC as it is across theand profitable employment of their solar sea.power. This translates to developing and HVDC the highway for solar exportembedding dedicated solutions for grid Favorable trends around solar generation Smart energy managementintegration and commercialization of solar in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) The gradual shift from a centralizedelectricity. There are a range of solutions region have brought the vision of exporting power flow, to a multi-actor energy market,available such as: micro-grid approaches solar electricity, considerably closer to reality. calls for a strategic employment of thefor distributed generation, dedicated energy It is ABB’s groundbreaking discovery of generated power. Our dedicated tools enable customers to both optimally operate their plants and profitably participate in the energy market. By employing Intelligent Solar Information Systems (ISIS®), the solar plant owner can easily perform a real-time remote monitoring and operation of his installation via Internet Explorer. Dedicated demand/response management tools facilitate the coordination between the solar plant, other generator types and the loads existing in the grid and thus enable the strategic operation of the plant. Tools such as Ventyx Virtual Power Plant, enable both the utility to incentivize the selling of clean solar energy and the environmentally conscious users to choose it. For more information: www.abb.com/solarDedicated solutions for grid integration and commercialization of solar powermanagement tools and high voltage direct high voltage direct current transmissioncurrent (HVDC) transmission lines for that has built the highway that makes thisenabling the export of the Middle East’s export possible, technically reliable andsolar power. economically feasible. Through HVDC transmission, large amounts of power canMicro-grids integrate solar power be sent over long distances, with both, Depending on the penetration level – low capital expenditures and significantlyshare of the total instantaneous power in the decreased resistive and capacitive losses.grid – the reliable integration of electricity ABB’s HVDC Light, specifically designed fororiginating from intermittent sources such underground or underwater transmission,as solar irradiation requires precise pre- is the ideal candidate for exporting MEprocessing steps, voltage and frequency solar energy undersea. Together with theregulation and control. ABB PowerCorp other 11 industry founders of the Desertecmanages to fully integrate solar power into Solar Initiative, we are focusing on thethe existing grid, by employing SMART feasibility, financing and construction ofGRID control and automation techniques the interconnection plan.22 contact 2 | 12
  • 23. For a better worldHighly efficient and cost-effective CSP power plantsLeading through innovationApplying a range of efficient and reliable solutions suitablefor harsh desert climates, from concentrated solar power to solar steamW e are committed to providing thin, flat and light panels are used which are purposes, the so-called Enhanced Oil the most efficient, reliable not only inexpensive to manufacture, but Recovery. According to a recent report and competitive solar also easy to transport, install and maintain. by SBI, conventional oil recovery methods solutions for high direct The secondary reflector contributes to are only able to extract about 10-30normal irradiation (DNI) regions between the superheating of steam up to 500 percent of the potential oil from any given1,800-2,500 kWh/m2/year and hot climates degrees centigrade, which translates into reservoir, leaving nearly 70-90 percent ofsuch as the Middle East. To support this, a significant efficiency gain, especially the reservoir’s oil in the ground source.ABB has established strategic partnerships in regions with high environmental Injecting solar steam into the oil fields,with the provider of the best performing temperatures. heats the reservoir, reducing the viscosityconcentrated solar power (CSP) solution: of the untapped heavy crude oil andNovatec Solar. Solar steam and its range of applications facilitating its pumping. EOR technologies Besides CSP plants for power can increase the quantity of extractableABB Novatec’s CSP solution generation, there are other ways of using oil from aging wells up to 60 percent. In March 2011, ABB acquired 35 percent process steam generated directly in (Source: US Department of Energy – http://of Novatec Solar’s shares and integrated Novatec’s Linear Fresnel Collectors. ABB www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/oilgas/their innovative Fresnel Linear Collector Novatec’s solar boiler can successfully be eor/index.html)technology into the companys power employed for retrofitting low-efficiency gas- Further applications which are of greatgeneration portfolio, making ABB a turnkey fired plants, a predominant component of interest and focus in the Middle Eastsupplier of highly efficient and cost-effective the current Middle Eastern energy mix. are solar cooling and solar desalinationCSP power plants. Linear Fresnel reflectors The CSP augmentation employed in the where ABBs long experience enables theuse long, thin segments of flat mirrors to integrated solar combined cycles (ISCC) design of all components in a way to reachfocus sunlight onto a fixed absorber located power plants is based on heat recovery and economical optimum regarding output andat a common focal point of the reflectors. steam superheating in Fresnel boilers. The efficiency.These mirrors are capable of concentrating integrated solar combined cycle concept For more information: www.abb.com/solarthe sun’s energy to approximately 30 times is a hybrid power plant. It is a conventionalits normal intensity. Novatec Solar is the gas turbine combined cycle and a solarpioneer developer of the first commercial thermal steam generator that providesCSP Plant called Puerto Errado in Murcia, reliable and clean power. Due to the highSpain, operating since 2009 at a power solar thermal steam parameters achievedplant efficiency of 38 percent. in Novatec’s Fresnel-based solar boilers Employing the Fresnel reflector principle, ABBs ISCC cycle provides high solarABB Novatec’s CSP plants achieve shares at very low cost.performances appreciably higher than the Another clever way of using solartraditional parabolic trough plants. Super generated steam is for oil recovery contact 2 | 12 23
  • 24. Glimpses of ABBSpurring Africa’s growthCustom-made solar solutions expand local engineeringcapabilities, benefitting both, the people and the environment ofthe African continent A frica has an abundance of natural A lucrative marketplace, Africa has resources and many African been identified by ABB as a key growth countries are counted among market. With our industry expertise and the fastest growing economies comprehensive environmentally-conscious in the world. So, on the one hand the portfolio, we are currently operational in continent continues to grow exponentially, more than 15 countries on the African while on the other, the World Bank has continent: namely Algeria, Angola, estimated that more than 500 million Botswana, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Africans are living without electricity. It is Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Egypt, estimated that by 2015 Africa will produce Ghana, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic 20 percent of global oil and by 2040 the of Congo, Kenya, Mauritius, South Africa, African population may exceed that of India Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. or China. With growing economies and To accommodate the growth on booming populations, providing reliable the African continent, South Africa and electricity is becoming a huge challenge. Egypt have been identified as centers of Transmission and distribution grids in excellence in an initiative called the Focus many parts of Africa are operating close Africa Re-wire strategy. The two countries to capacity, and although new grids are will continue to drive sales in Africa by being built rapidly, many Africans still have recruiting and training additional sales no access to electricity. engineers who will be active in the market24 contact 2 | 12
  • 25. Glimpses of ABB Johannesburg – the commercial hub of South Africawith existing customers while developing levels of energy efficiency through the agenda for Africa, particularly south ofand extending our customer base. deployment of alternative and renewable the Sahara by strategically deploying the As a center of excellence, South Africa sources. most suitable of our many innovations.provides support to Angola, Congo, Through energy efficiency, companies ABB recently launched a new conceptKenya, Tanzania and Mozambique. These – and countries – can improve their for turnkey concentrating solar powercountries form part of the sub-Saharan sustainability significantly, allowing them (CSP) plants based on a low-cost, highlyregion. Predictions in the World Bank’s to focus their effort on other important efficient and highly scalable technologylatest ’Global Economic Prospects’ report elements such as staff and skills that uses considerably less material, landindicate that the sub-Saharan African region development. and water than any other CSP technology.is expected to record a 5.3 percent growth Globally, the energy efficiency of thermal The ABB-Novatec Solar concept can bein 2013 as global firms and domestic power plants alone has improved by three used to generate energy in a wide rangedemands remain robust. Despite a slower percentage points since 1990. However, of applications including stand-alone orprojected growth, developing countries strong disparities still exist between hybrid power plants, as fuel-savers inare expected to account for more than developed countries and the developing existing power plants, in desalination andhalf of the global growth from 2012 to world, where efficiency is low, mainly due district cooling plants, and in industrial2014. Huge investments in infrastructure to aging plants and the large share of coal processes that require steam. This is aare an integral part of the springboard for in thermal generation. Africa in particular fine example of a solution ideally suited toeconomic growth for both South Africa needs to be smart and forward thinking with the African continent’s requirements.and for the whole southern African region. its technology and automation investments. Expanding local engineering capabilitiesThe reliable supply of electricity, therefore, With its recognized expertise in power and working with customers to developremains a pressing issue on the continent. grid efficiency improvements, ABB has custom-made solutions that will benefit While globally coal remains the main worked with many power companies and the people and the environment whilesource for the production of electricity (40 authorities around the world to reduce the making the business more sustainablepercent), with natural gas accounting for rate of transmission and distribution losses. is ABB’s key objective for Africa. It hasmore than 20 percent, almost half of the However, most of these improvements were the technology, the expertise and theelectricity-producing countries of the world effected in developed countries, mainly experience to leverage its footprint withhave an emission factor of below 500 g through the use of low-loss conductors production in all five divisions.CO2 / kWh in 2009. However, Africa, with and transformers, the standardization and One of sub-Sahara’s most recent winsits large share of coal in the power mix, upgrading of transmission and distribution is the five-year Full Service® contract withcontinues to be a very high CO 2 emission voltages, and reactive power control. It is Namibia Custom Smelters (NCS). ABBproducer, presenting both challenges and now our aim to play an even bigger part will manage all maintenance to improveopportunities for the introduction of greater in driving the fast-track developmental productivity and equipment reliability at the contact 2 | 12 25
  • 26. Glimpses of ABBEnhancing local engineering capabilitycopper smelting and converting plant in development program involves the security stations and earth electrodes. This is theTsumeb, some 425 kilometers north of the and quality supply of its electrical energy first time that this technology will be used forcapital, Windhoek. We will also provide to the various treatment, pumping and overhead transmission lines. The Caprivi Linkprocess optimization, energy consulting distribution stations. In order to achieve the Interconnector will increase grid reliabilityand equipment life cycle services, mainly safe and reliable supply of electrical energy, and enable the establishment of powerthrough the retained maintenance staff and they have embarked on a medium voltage trading in the southern African region.management who will be further trained switchgear replacement project which spans The African continent certainly hasto meet our performance standards. across the various areas of its operation. established itself as the world’s current The plant houses two primary smelting ABB in South Africa was awarded phase focus for business growth opportunitiesfurnaces and three converters. It has an one of the switchgear replacement project and ABB is poised to leverage thoseannual production capacity of 200,000 tons in February 2012 at a value of R21.5 million. opportunities, while contributing in a significantof copper concentrate from the treatment Our superior technology and compliance way to the sustainable development of aof complex copper concentrates containing to the IEC 62271 standard, coupled with great continent.gold, silver and arsenic. The smelter is one extensive experience and credibility in the For more information: www.abb.co.zaof only a few in the world which is able to water industry, were some of the key factorstreat arsenic-bearing copper concentrates. in winning us this order. The estimated Another exciting project is the Rand date of completion for phase one is JuneWater project in South Africa. This project 2013, and once complete, it will assist inincludes the supply, delivery, installation and enabling Rand Water to continue to supplycold commissioning of 78 switchgear panels high quality potable water to the Gautengto four Rand Water sites namely, Amazimtoti, region.Vereeniging, Lethabo and Palmiet. Rand A pioneer project in the region involvesWater is an organ of state, reporting to the a 2 x 300 megawatt (MW) interconnectionDepartment of Water and Environmental between a converter station in the CapriviAffairs. Their distribution network strip in Namibia, close to the border ofincludes over 3,056 kilometers of large Zambia, and another converter station,diameter pipeline, feeding 58 strategically about 300 kilometers north of Windhoek.located service reservoirs. Its customers Known as the Caprivi Link Interconnector,include metropolitan municipalities, local the project spans over a distance of 950municipalities, mines and industries and kilometers, with AC voltages of 320 kilovoltit supplies, on average, 3,653 million (kV) and 400 kV on the two ends of aliters of water to these customers daily. In bipolar 350 kV DC overhead line. This isorder to ensure continuity of supply, Rand the first HVDC Light® project to be builtWater invests huge resources to expand, with overhead lines. ABB was responsibleupgrade and maintain its infrastructure. for system engineering including design,An important aspect of this infrastructure supply and installation of the two converter26 contact 2 | 12
  • 27. Executive editor: Karen WildsEditor-in-chief: Sanaj NatarajanProduction team:Ali Kelani, Anita Ramkumar, Arnab SarkarClaire Hill, Devaashish S. Savant, Erika Velazquez,Giridhar Sharma, Ivor Vidjen, Michael Wachter,Natasha Mathebula, Peter Stierli, Rakesh Shastri,Rubi Rakha, Sanaj Natarajan, Tamara ChettyTuija Elomaa-Maenpaa, Wendy JosephContact is published in English for circulationamong ABB customers and stakeholders withan interest in ABB offerings, products andtechnologies.Partial reprints or reproductions are permittedsubject to full acknowledgement. Completereprints require the publisher’s written consent.Publisher and copyright ©2012ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.DisclaimerThe information contained herein reflects the Preview 3|12views of the authors and is for informational Energy Efficiency –purposes only. Readers should not act upon theinformation contained herein without seekingprofessional advice. We make publicationsavailable with the understanding that the authorsare not rendering technical or other professional doing more while lowering costs andadvice or opinions on specific facts or mattersand assume no liability whatsoever in connection emissionswith their use.The companies of the ABB Group do not makeany warranty or guarantee, or promise, expressedor implied, concerning the content or accuracy ofthe views expressed herein. ABB has been in the energy business for 120 years. Using energy more efficiently will not only contribute the lion’s share of emissions reductions needed, it is arguably the most sustainable and cheapest way to reduce emissions and address global energy security. Energy-efficient systems can pay for themselves in energy saving, sometimes within months, and further reduce operation and maintenance costs in the long term. Plug in to the next issue of Contact to understand how we help our customers squeeze the most value from each unit of energy they use. contact 2 | 12 27
  • 28. Connect renewable power to the grid?Electricity generated by water, sun and wind is most abundant in remote areaslike mountains, deserts or far out at sea. ABB’s leading power and automationtechnologies help renewable power reach about 70 million people by integratingit into electrical grids, sometimes over vast distances. Our effort to harness Naturally.renewable energy is making power networks smarter, and helping to protect theenvironment and fight climate change. www.abb.com/betterworld