The customer magazineof ABB in India,Middle East & Africa1|13contactSmart electricity 06The evolution of smart grid techno...
2 contact 1|13Smart electricityThe evolution of smart grid technologies06 10 Making of a metropolitan gridFACTS technologi...
3contact 1|13News04	 HVDC subsea power transmission link	 in Finland	 Breakthrough in Brazilian market05	 Breakfast with t...
4 contact 1|13HVDC subsea powertransmission link in FinlandBreakthrough in Brazilian marketNewsWith an order worth around ...
5contact 1|13In brief				 NewsBreakfast with theHonorable Minister ofEnergyThird-party distributionagreement with Ox Minin...
6 contact 1|13Grid reliabilitySmartelectricityThe complex challenges of deliveringthe growing demand for power, as wellas ...
7contact 1|13Grid reliabilityand stabilize grid disturbances, then thatsystem will require fewer generating plantsavailabl...
8 contact 1|13Grid reliabilityPower electronics help grids evolve into moreintelligent and environmentally friendly networ...
9contact 1|13Grid reliabilityWhat do we really mean by gridreliability and why is it important?A grid has to operate 24/7,...
10 contact 1|13Grid reliabilityMaking of a metropolitanpower gridThe energy-efficient solutionusing ABBs FACTS technologye...
11contact 1|13Grid reliabilityThe Reliance Energy (erstwhileBombay Suburban Electric Supply,or BSES) power distributionnet...
12 contact 1|13Grid reliabilityCaprivi Link InterconnectorThe Namibian transmission systemoperator, NamPower, chose theHVD...
13contact 1|13Grid reliabilityImproving grid reliability atDubai International AirportA contract was awarded by Dubai Avia...
14 contact 1|13Grid reliabilityThis is the first generator transformer with two primary circuits, purpose built to dothe w...
15contact 1|13Grid reliabilityIn the third quarter of 2012, we wonorders worth around $50 million fromFormosa Plastic Grou...
16 contact 1|13For a better worldPhotovaltaic panels
17contact 1|13For a better worldThe Zurich-West data center using direct current (DC)technology has won the prestigious Wa...
18 contact 1|13For a better worldThe solution is a complete andhighly optimized electricalpackage that will power theMagta...
19contact 1|13For a better worldThe SuperStar Virgo is theflagship of the line, Star Cruises’sole mega-ship and the onlypu...
20 contact 1|13Product newsRES670 and PSGuardPhasor Measurement UnitsAdvantages−− Up to 8 analog phasors,with ability to s...
21contact 1|13True modular power protection Unique lighting controlAdvantages−− Delivers true modularpower protection from...
22 contact 1|13Close upPowering Indiassuper grid1200 kV transformer for Bina test stationThe 1200 kilovolt (kV) ultrahigh-...
23contact 1|13Oil and gas account for more than halfof all primary energy consumed globally.Presently, at 142 million barr...
Cities that consume 30% less energy?Certainly.As a leading producer of energy-efficient solutions, ABB helpsdeliver major ...
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ABB Contact 1/13 South Africa- Grid Reliability


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ABB's expertise in power transmission systems and electrical optimization,grid reliability and blackout prevention offer sustainable solutions to the challenges of today, and tomorrow. From Flexible Alternate Current Transmission systems that enhance the security, capactity and flexibility of power transmission networks to HVDC power superhighways , there are comparatively inexpensive and faster ways to provide more power and control in existing networks.

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  1. 1. The customer magazineof ABB in India,Middle East & Africa1|13contactSmart electricity 06The evolution of smart grid technologiesLargest three-phase generator transformer made in India 14The first generator transformer with two primary circuits is builtto do the work of two generator transformersShaping a reliable andsmarter grid
  2. 2. 2 contact 1|13Smart electricityThe evolution of smart grid technologies06 10 Making of a metropolitan gridFACTS technologies help US power companysave 1 million MWh energy a yearContact 1| 13 • Customer news magazine from ABB • copyright 2013 • web: • email: • Publisher: ABB Group• Layout: Shilahar Associates, Bangalore, IndiaLeon ViljoenCEO, ABB in South AfricaSub-Regional Manager,Southern Africacontact Dear friends,To introduce myself: I have worked withABB before, between 1986 and 2000,and look forward to another rewardingstint as the new CEO of ABB SouthAfrica and the Cluster Manager of ABBSouthern Africa. I find that Contact is agreat way of communicating with you ona regular basis and I hope you appreciateour efforts.According to the World Bank EnterpriseSurveys, power cuts in Sub-SaharanAfrica result in more than 10 percentloss to businesses. While many factorsinfluence business performance,electrical power is critical to economicgrowth. Power producers are undertremendous pressure to enhance theflexibility of grids, improve availabilityand accommodate growing demand forelectricity.Clearly, there is a need for cutting-edgeproducts and solutions that will enhancegrid reliability.As the world’s largest manufacturer ofpower transmission and distributionequipment, ABB offers not just a widerange of advanced products and services,but also expertise in transmissionsystems, electrical optimization, gridreliability and blackout prevention.Additionally, renewable energy productsand services offer sustainable solutionsto the challenges of the future.This issue of Contact features productsand solutions designed to maximizegrid reliability and increase production,while lowering costs and environmentalimpact.Best regards,Leon Viljoen1|13
  3. 3. 3contact 1|13News04 HVDC subsea power transmission link in Finland Breakthrough in Brazilian market05 Breakfast with the Honorable Minister of Energy Third-party distribution agreement with Ox MiningGrid reliability11 Reliable grid solutions An ABB system supplies power to Reliance Energy’s customers during western grid blackouts 12 Caprivi Link Interconnector A 350 kV HVDC Light®system stabilizes two weak networks in Namibia13 Improving grid reliability at Dubai International Airport Existing SCADA system extended for full supervision15 Powering a new steel complex in Vietnam Substations to provide reliable power supply to mega industrial plantFor a better world16 DC data center wins energy efficiencyawardZurich-West data center gets prestigious Wattd’Or from Swiss government18 Leading technology to bring drinking waterto millionsEnergy-efficient RO technology solution for thewold’s largest seawater desalination plant inAlgeriaProduct news20 Raising the bar in electrical efficiency Custom-built devices and measurementunits optimize the availability and reliability ofelectrical systemsClose up22 Powering Indias super grid 1200 kV transformer for Bina test station14 Largest three-phase generator transformer made in IndiaThe first generator transformer with two primary circuits is purpose-built to do the work of two generator transformers19Service contract fromStar CruisesABB to extendequipment life onboardSuperStar VirgoContents
  4. 4. 4 contact 1|13HVDC subsea powertransmission link in FinlandBreakthrough in Brazilian marketNewsWith an order worth around $130 millionfrom Kraftnät Åland AB, we are to supplya new high-voltage direct current (HVDC)power transmission link, capable oftransmitting 100 megawatts (MW) ofelectricity with minimum losses across adistance of 158 kilometers between theFinnish mainland and Åland archipelago,an autonomous Finnish province at theentrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in theBaltic Sea. Åland presently receives its powerthrough an alternating current (AC) cablefrom Sweden and local renewable sources.The existing fossil-fueled power generationbackup facility will be closed down oncethe new link is in operation. The HVDCLight® link will enhance the contributionof renewables to the grid and help Finlandreach its emission reduction targets. The HVDC system incorporates specialfeatures such as active AC voltage support,providing greater network stability andthe unique ‘black-start’ capability, whichWe won orders worth $160 million fromJurong Shipyard Private Limited for thedesign, supply, supervision of installation,testing and commissioning of the mainelectrical systems for seven next-generationdrill ships that will be used to drill wells inthe enormous offshore pre-salt fields offthe southeast coast of Brazil. ABB’s integrated electrical packagewill provide reliable power supply tosubsystems onboard ships, helpingoperators maximize their energy efficiency.These vessels are the first in a series ofhigh-efficiency drill ships designed forultra-deepwater operations. The scope of supply includes completeelectrical systems including generators,distribution switchboards, transformers,drives and motors to power the ships’thrusters and drilling systems. All oursolutions meet or exceed InternationalElectrotechnical Commission (IEC) andthe customer’s standards for safety, andare fully compliant with strict InternationalMaritime Organization (IMO) regulations toprovides faster grid restoration in the eventof a blackout. The system is DC grid-enabled, ie, prepared for a multi-terminalconfiguration, which allows for additionalinfeed from stations, such as future windpower plants.For more information: uninterrupted drilling operations. Equipment deliveries to the shipyard arescheduled for 2013, with the first vesselto be delivered to the ship-owner in thesecond quarter of 2015.For more information:
  5. 5. 5contact 1|13In brief NewsBreakfast with theHonorable Minister ofEnergyThird-party distributionagreement with Ox MiningMinister Dipuo Peters joined ABB SouthAfrica management, South African Chamberof Commerce (SACCI) management andcaptains of industry for a breakfast meetingat our Longmeadow premises on March 12,2013. Chaired by CEO for South Africa andcluster manager for Southern Africa, LeonViljoen, this meeting is a SACCI initiative toensure purposeful dialogue with industry. The Minister spoke about South Africa’sEnergy Development Plan: the signing of theGrand Inga Project Treaty which is to supplyabout 40,000 megawatts of hydropower tomeet the needs of the Democratic Republicof Congo, South Africa and surroundingcountries; encouraging independentpower producers; and her excitementon the launch of the green cars initiative.Her statements resonated well with ABBmanagement as our 2015 strategy has astrong focus on renewable energy. It was a proud moment when MinisterPeters congratulated ABB on the modern,green-building design and energy-efficienttechnologies in use at the Longmeadowpremises, recalling the two ETA awardswon by ABB South Africa.Mining and general industry in theCopperbelt Province depend on the supplyof reliable electrical motors, with associatedprotection and control switchgear tomaximize production up-time. Followingthe establishment of its Kitwe branch office,ABB appointed Ox Mining as a third-partychannel for low-voltage motors, protectionand control gear. Ox Mining and Industrial Supplies, asubsidiary of the well-known Ox Hydraulicsis run by the Patel family in Ndola. SanjivPatel identified the need for a locallybased supplier of low-voltage motorsand switchgear as many Ox Hydraulicscustomers have trouble sourcingreplacement equipment in the event of abreakdown. The new operation, independent fromthe hydraulics business, is specificallygeared to meet this need. Known for overthirty years in Zambian business circles, thePatel family is proud to associate with theABB brand that provides leading energy-efficient technology, support and marketrelated pricing. A showroom in the city center of Ndola,when completed, will display ABB productand technologies now available in theZambian market.For more information: leadersABB in South Africa recentlypartnered with the Embassyof Sweden, Atlas Copco,the Department of Labourand the Jonkoping and WitsBusiness Schools to supportthe development of unemployedgraduates through the NewManagers Program (NMP) offeredby Wits Business School.This initiative, championed by theSwedish Trade and Invest Council,is part of a strategy to improveeconomic development, promoteprivate sector development andenhance trade between Swedenand South Africa.ABB re-entersSA transformermarketFollowing divestment from thejoint venture with Powertech (Pty)Limited in 2008, which restrainedtrade in transformers for five years,ABB is back in the market with thecomplete package – consulting,manufacturing and maintenance ofentire fleet until end of transformerlife cycle.
  6. 6. 6 contact 1|13Grid reliabilitySmartelectricityThe complex challenges of deliveringthe growing demand for power, as wellas providing a stable and sustainablesupply of electricity is driving theevolution of smart grid technologies.There is hardly any process inindustry or any application in lifethat does not use electricity, somuch so, we take reliable powerfor granted. The demand for electricity isgrowing faster than any other form of energy– most notably in rapidly industrializingcountries, such as China and India, andeven momentary power disruptions causehuge economic losses. A sobering fact today is that coalfuels more than 40 percent of the world’selectric supply. To increase generationand at the same time, lower environmentalimpact, new solutions are needed alongthe electrical value chain. Transmission,distribution and consumption of electricalenergy must become more efficient. As itstands, inefficiencies along the whole valuechain lead to around 80 percent losses –from primary energy sources to the usefulconsumption of electricity. Although renewable energy generationis growing fast, the proportion in theoverall energy mix is still quite small andposes additional challenges: not least –availability, highlighting the need for efficientand reliable energy storage systems tocoordinate available sources of power. Tointegrate the growing amount of renewableenergy generation, and at the same timesignificantly improve efficiency along thevalue chain, requires massive changes inthe whole electrical system, in the way itshould be structured and operated.Smart Grids The future electrical system (or smartgrid), must be designed to meet four majorrequirements across the globe:– Capacity– Reliability– Efficiency– SustainabilityTo cope with what the International EnergyAgency foresees as the addition of 1 GWpower plant and related grid infrastructureevery week for the next 20 years, the futureelectric system must handle the capacityincrease in an economic way. The larger the amount of electricitytransported the closer the system willoperate to its stability limit. Yet blackoutsor even smaller disturbances are becomingincreasingly unacceptable. A 2005 Berkleylab study reported that unreliable electricalsystems cost the US $80 billion annually.If an electrical system can safely handleFACTS solutions for improved grid reliability
  7. 7. 7contact 1|13Grid reliabilityand stabilize grid disturbances, then thatsystem will require fewer generating plantsavailable in reserve. This means loweremissions. Projections by the International EnergyAgency show that using energy moreefficiently has a greater potential to curbCO2emissions over the next 20 years thanall the other options put together. The reluctance to invest in energyefficiency is surprising. Investmentscan usually be recouped through lowerenergy costs in less than two years, andunder other circumstances, businesseswould normally leap at such prospectsof rapid returns. A major obstacle is alack of knowledge in private households,companies, or public authorities concerningenergy-efficient equipment. This challengeis further compounded by the variety ofavailable options. Another obstacle is a lack of incentives.Why should a landlord invest in energyefficiency if the tenant will reap the benefits?Why should a purchasing manager spendmore of his budget on efficient equipmentif the savings all go to the department thatpays the electricity? Efficient and reliable energy-efficientsolutions are rarely replicable. Variable-A smart grid is an evolving networkof new technologies, equipment, andcontrols that work together to respondimmediately to our 21stcenturydemand for reliable, efficient andsustainable electricity.
  8. 8. 8 contact 1|13Grid reliabilityPower electronics help grids evolve into moreintelligent and environmentally friendly networksspeed drives, which raise the efficiency ofelectric motors, sit in plain metal boxes,belying the fact that their energy savingpotential is many times greater than themuch touted compact fluorescent lightbulb. The drive systems installed by ABBalone save as much as 170 million metrictons of CO2every year globally. Thiscorresponds to 20 percent of all emissionsin Germany. The European Union took an importantstep in June 2009 when it set efficiencystandards for most of the electric motorsused in industrial applications. The movewas barely noticed, yet it is expected tosave 135 billion kilowatt-hours per yearby 2020. That is three times more thanthe savings expected from phasing outincandescent light bulbs in the Europeanregion and equals more than Sweden’stotal electric power consumption (whichin 2007 amounted to 132 billion kWh).Sustainability Generating electricity with solar,wind, wave or geothermal energy iswithout doubt a powerful way to avoidCO2emissions. There is hope that withimproving technology, better conversionefficiency and lower production costs, thecontribution of such sources to the futureenergy mix will increase. Hydropower is the traditional CO2-freesource of electrical energy and accordingto the IEA this will continue to be the casefor the next 20 years. Generating electricityin this way is one task; the other equallyimportant requirement is to connect it tothe electrical grid. Huge distances haveto be bridged to carry electrical powerfrom hydropower plants to the centers ofconsumption. In China, for example, bulkpower is being transported more than2,000 km with low transmission losses. Intermittent wind-power generators poseanother challenge to grid stability and theneed for additional reserves, but adequatetechnology is also required to connectthem from remote places far offshore. Efficient and reliable energy storage willultimately help to overcome the issues ofintermittency and HVDC cable technologyis the way to cross the sea. The final influence, however, is the endconsumer who decides how much and inwhich way he wants to consume energy.At the present energy costs and in viewof the difference between high and lowtariffs, the incentives to save energy oruse it at times of lower cost are limited. Technology could provide greatertransparency regarding consumption atany moment in time and its associated costto the consumer. The resulting demand/response relationship between generatorsand consumers makes a further contributionto the reduction of the required generatingreserve. ABB has the full portfolio of products,systems and services to further improve anddevelop the electrical system. Wide areacontrol systems, flexible AC transmissionsystems, substation control, HVDCsystems, cable connections, distributioncontrol and low-voltage systems addressthe grid. Drive systems, efficient devicesand a broad application of process controltechnologies help to increase the efficiencyin industrial and commercial applications.Building automation and control is anotherarea with energy saving potential servedby us. ABB meters and the connectedcommunication technology that facilitatesdemand-response interactions and the
  9. 9. 9contact 1|13Grid reliabilityWhat do we really mean by gridreliability and why is it important?A grid has to operate 24/7, all365 days of the year. Whatever ittakes to make this happen is what wemean by grid reliability. Redundancyis designed into a transmission gridto handle outages through parallelpaths, the design criteria – n-1 meansthe grid can withstand loss of onetransmission line of a certain powerrating.What are the key elements that canfacilitate grid reliability?The most important factor isthe generation mix. Integratingintermittent power from renewablesincreases the risk of destabilizing thegrid. Depending on the percentageof renewables, it is much morecomplicated now to plan powergeneration and indirectly, gridreliability.Another crucial element is thetransmission network capacity. InIndia there is an increasing demandfor high-voltage direct current (HVDC)lines for transmission of bulk powerover long distances with fewerconversion and transmission losses.What are blackouts and how arethey connected to grid reliability?Blackouts can be caused by ashort circuit, damage to transmissionlines or by overloading the electricitymains. Quite often they happen whenImportance ofreliability in gridoperationsInterviewthere is a miscommunication betweencontrol centers.To prevent blackouts,functionalities have been addedto strengthen the traditional grid.Substation automation and protectionsystems safeguard human lifeand machines, allowing operatorsto remotely control and monitorswitching for an entire region. InKarnataka alone, our systems monitorand control 1,317 main transmissionand distribution substations spreadacross the state.What does ABB have to offer tohelp enhance grid reliability?Everything – except powergeneration equipment. ABB hasseveral solutions from productionplanning software to addingtransmission capacity through flexiblealternating current transmissionsystems (FACTS). In India, FACTScan help stabilize the grid, reducelosses in long AC lines and filter outdisturbances.Could you shed some light onthis area from a broader regionperspective?There is a lot of interest in solarin Africa, the Middle East and India.The hot climate is a better fit as peakhours coincide with peak generation,simplifying the addition of renewablesto the grid.Even so, every time generationClaes Rytoft, head of technology for thePower Systems division of ABB tells us howtechnology can prevent blackouts and createreliable energy networks.capacity is added, there are someproblems with transmission capacity.The focus on solar has addedcomplexity to keeping grids stable.Energy storage, still at the pilot projectstage, is complicated and expensiveand not an option in the short term.When commercially viable energystorage technology is developed, itwill change the way grids are built.Could you tell us about some of thelatest technology advances in thisarea? ABB’s hybrid HVDC breaker comesright at the top. The ability to interruptdirect current makes it possible to joinHVDC transmission lines to form aresilient power grid that could providean efficient way to transmit powerfrom widely distributed sources ofrenewable energy.Our Ventyx Network Manager SCADA/EMS is a key component for poweringsmart grids, enabling power utilities tocontrol and manage complex energysystems, reduce operation costs andensure cyber security.Smart meters allow real-time usagemonitoring through new wireless,digital technology that anchors next-generation grids. But, so far there hasbeen no broad-scale to operate energy markets is inuse in many locations worldwide. ABB is committed to lead furtherdevelopment of smart electricity, providingefficient power for a sustainable world.For more
  10. 10. 10 contact 1|13Grid reliabilityMaking of a metropolitanpower gridThe energy-efficient solutionusing ABBs FACTS technologyenables Texas-based electricutility, Oncor, to increase thecapacity, secure the reliability and improvethe energy efficiency of its power networkin north Texas and the Dallas-Fort Worthmetropolitan area. Oncor is the largest power transmissionand distribution company in Texas, servingsome three million homes and businesses,including most of Dallas-Fort Worth, thefourth largest metropolitan area in theUnited States with a combined populationof 6.5 million. The solution has also earned Oncor thestate’s highest award for environmentalexcellence from the Texas Commissionon Environmental Quality. According to the commission, whichmade the award in April 2010, the solutioneliminates the need to generate anestimated 563 hours of peak-load electricityand saves almost one million megawatt-hours of energy and associated greenhousegas emissions a year. The solution encompasses the world’slargest and fastest-acting concentrationof static var compensators (SVC), whichreact in just 20 milliseconds whenevervoltage fluctuations threaten to destabilizethe grid. Voltage fluctuations are usually causedby increased demand for electricity duringpeak periods. But in Dallas-Fort Worth,other long-term stress factors are alsoinvolved: consistent year-on-year growthin demand, the recent retirement of severallocal power plants, and the increasingamount of wind power and remote powergeneration in the Texas energy mix.Integrating renewable energy The SVCs enable Oncor to integraterenewable energy and reduce itsdependence on locally generated fossil-fueled power, thereby reducing greenhousegas emissions and improving theenvironment in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. The SVCs have been operating at theAn award-winning ABB solution is helping a US power company save almost onemillion megawatt-hours of energy and associated CO2emissions a year.Parkdale substation in Dallas since June2009. In the first 10 months of operationthey successfully responded to 38 powergrid events that threatened grid stability. The results of the installation have beenso successful that Oncor has orderedtwo additional SVCs from us, which arecurrently being installed at the utility’sRenner substation in Plano, a northernsuburb of Dallas. SVCs are part of ABB’s family offlexible AC transmission systems (FACTS),solutions that increase the capacity ofexisting transmission networks by as muchas 50 percent, while at the same timeimproving their reliability. We delivered the Parkdale solutionin the record and unrivaled time of just14 months. ABB is a global leader inFACTS technologies and has more than700 installations in operation or underconstruction around the world, around 50percent of the market total.For more information: – the largest power T&D company in Texas, serves some 3 million customers
  11. 11. 11contact 1|13Grid reliabilityThe Reliance Energy (erstwhileBombay Suburban Electric Supply,or BSES) power distributionnetwork with two 250 megawatt(MW) generating stations in the coastalcity of Dahanu is spread across westernMumbai, stretching from Ghodbunder inthe east to Borivali in the west. This systemis connected to two different utility grids:Maharashtra State Electricity TransmissionCompany Limited (MSETCL) and TATAPower, for importing the extra powerrequired in their distribution network.The challenge The generation, load data and networkstatus available from the substationautomation system (ABB’s SCS-200 system) installed earlier at eachsubstation and locally used for controland monitoring, provided very slow-speedcommunication networks, using powerline carrier communication (PLCC) links.Providing rapid indication of islanding forchange of mode in operations, within thecritical clearing time of the system, was achallenge for generating units at Dahanu.It was also imperative to prevent trippingduring isolation and for stable operation ofthe entire 220 kV electrical network duringgrid disturbances.The solution In 2006, the local substation automationsystems for 220 and 33 kilovolt (kV)substations were upgraded with ABB’s800xA technology with AC800M controllers,S800 IO modules, and a communicationnetwork using Fox series equipmentand new SCADA system for RelianceEnergy’s entire distribution network withABB’s Network Manager Technology. Thegeneration and load data from individualsubstations were made available to thecentralized islanding and load sheddingsystem using fast communication networkReliable grid solutionssupported with 61850 technologies. Aarey,one of the main central transmission anddistribution stations, was identified forthe centralized control and monitoring ofthe entire transmission and distributionnetwork.Results Our installed solution now providesfast detection of the system islanded andtie line connections for change of modeof operation for the units at Dahanu, andsubsequent fast load shedding of non-critical feeders across the distributionnetwork, as required while islanding. Theload shedding systems delivered by us,support priority setting options for tripping33 kV load feeders, as desired by theoperator. Besides, ABB is also upgrading theNetwork Management system to includeupdated technologies and many of thenew 220 kV, 33 kV substation automationsystems for the substations at Saki, Goraiand Goregaon in the existing system. Theload shedding system is also extendedto these new substations to providereliable power to consumers during griddisturbances.For more information:’s coordinated islanding and load shedding system supplies power to RelianceEnergy’s customers during western grid blackouts.Providing reliable power to consumers
  12. 12. 12 contact 1|13Grid reliabilityCaprivi Link InterconnectorThe Namibian transmission systemoperator, NamPower, chose theHVDC Light (high-voltage directcurrent) system to electricallyconnect the northeastern part of thecountry to central Namibia, a distance of950 kilometers. ABB was contracted tobuild the 350 kilovolt (kV), 300 megawatt(MW) transmission link between Zambezi,close to the Zambian border in the regionof Caprivi, and Gerus in the central partof the country. HVDC Light technologyhelps to stabilize the two weak networks. The high voltage transmission system,providing a new route for power imports,was officially inaugurated by NamibiasPresident, His Excellency HifikepunyePohamba. The HVDC Light system ispart of a greater scheme that includes a950 kilometer-long DC overhead line, anupgrade of an existing AC overhead linefrom Gerus to Auas to 400 kV, the extensionof the Gerus and Auas substations, and anew AC substation in Zambezi. The Caprivi Link Interconnector,connecting electricity grids in Namibiaand Zambia, ensures reliable power transfercapability between the east and west ofthe Southern African Power Pool (SAPP).It is also the first electrical connectionbetween the Caprivi region of Namibiaand the rest of the country, and is ableto supply power to the region if normalsupplies from Zambia are disrupted. Evenlarger islanded parts of the Namibian andZambian grids can be supplied by the DClink, which maintains frequency controland thereby avoids power outages. We were responsible for systemengineering, including design, supply andinstallation of the two converter stationsand earth electrodes. ABB’s innovative andenvironmentally friendly HVDC Light is ahigh-voltage direct current transmissiontechnology that is capable of stabilizingweak electricity networks by means ofpowerful voltage control. The design alsoallows for a bi-pole extension to 600 MW.“The new Caprivi Link Interconnector willsecure power supplies, strengthen gridreliability and facilitate power trading inthe region,” said Martin Gross, head ofABBs Grid Systems business. “Our HVDCLight technology is ideally suited to enablethe efficient transmission of electricity andintegrate clean renewable energies likeA 350 kV HVDC Light®system stabilizes two weak networks in Namibia andenables power trading in the expansive region of southern Africa.hydro power.” "The Caprivi Link Interconnector,connecting electricity grids in Namibiaand Zambia will ensure reliable powertransfer capability between the east andwest of the Southern African Power Pool(SAPP)," said NamPower’s marketingand communications officer, TangeniKambangula. This project extends the voltage ratingfor HVDC Light to 350 kV and marks thefirst time the technology has been usedin overhead transmission lines instead ofunderground or underwater cables.For more information: Light – strengthening grids and enabling power trading
  13. 13. 13contact 1|13Grid reliabilityImproving grid reliability atDubai International AirportA contract was awarded by Dubai Aviation City Corporation (DACC) – EngineeringProjects for the extension of the existing ABB SCADA monitoring system at theDubai Airport in the UAE, a major global aviation hub.Dubai airport – engineered for the futureThe airport-wide electricalsupervisory control and dataacquisition (SCADA) systemgives the airport operational staffan excellent overview of the status of theelectrical distribution in the whole area.The scope of supply includes remoteterminal units (RTU), telecommunicationand integration of new field equipment inthe SCADA system. The system allowsfull supervision and easy operation of theelectrical grid of a modern airport thatoperates 24 hours a day, seven days aweek, and is ranked as fourth busiestairport in the world.ABB was first awarded the projectfor the implementation of the AirportDistribution SCADA (11 kilovolt network)in 2004. Earlier we installed RTUs, fiberoptic cables (for SCADA system) andintegrated RTUs (for Ring Main Units)and programmable logic controllers(PLC) from the main distribution system,creating a state-of-the-art in-plantSCADA system. This additional workwill see RTUs, telecommunication andintegration of new field equipment in theSCADA system.“Implementing the first SCADAsystem was the beginning of a successfulpartnership. Additional requirementsmade it necessary to expand the system,adding more data, more substationsand more distribution equipment. Weare delighted that a new contract hasbeen signed between ABB and DACC,Engineering Projects to further developthe SCADA system,” says De Villiers,Manager for ABB’s Power Systemsdivision in the Gulf countries.The system, which is now part of ourVentyx portfolio, includes functions suchas dynamic network coloring, givingthe operators an easy-to-read overviewof the connectivity of the system. Inaddition, it provides gas turbine logicthat automatically connects loads tothe system after ramping up emergencygas turbines that will be started only incase of a blackout i.e, losing the 132 kVconnections with the electrical supplier.ABB is a leader in SCADA solutionsfor the oil and gas, power transmissionand distribution, alternative energy, andwater and waste-water markets and hasextensive SCADA experience focusingon efficient, safe and profitable SCADAoperations for customers.For more
  14. 14. 14 contact 1|13Grid reliabilityThis is the first generator transformer with two primary circuits, purpose built to dothe work of two generator transformers.Recently, ABB in Indiamanufactured a 570 megavoltampere (MVA), three-phasegenerator transformer forElectricity Generation Company ofBangladesh (EGCB) for their 360megawatt (MW) Combined Cycle PowerPlant (CCPP), at New Haripur, located25 kilometers south-east of Dhaka. Asa turnkey engineering, procurementand construction (EPC) partner withHyundai Engineering and ConstructionCompany, Korea, ABB in Singaporebagged the biggest project in the historyof Bangladesh electricity companies. The project focuses on revamping andupgrading technology and adding capacityto the existing power plant at Haripur andthe connected grid. Out of the entire scopeof supply, ABB in India will supply one 570MVA generator transformer and two 120MVA power transformers. This one of a kind transformer isdesigned to evacuate power from boththe steam and gas turbine generatorssimultaneously. Due to space constraints,Largest three-phase generatortransformer made in IndiaOne of a kind transformer manufactured atManeja for EGC, Bangladeshthe transformer design was customized tomeet the requirement of reduced footprint. “This unique design endorses the factthat ABB has always been a pioneer ininnovation. The successful tests prove ourcompetence in leading edge technologiesand in manufacturing reliable products forconstrained operating situations,” saidPitamber Shivnani, Manager of ABBsPower Products division in India. The transformer with two low voltage(LV) windings (370 MVA at 19 kV and 200MVA at 13.8 kV) will be fed power fromthe gas and steam turbine generatorsstepped up to 132 kilovolt (kV) feedinginto the national grid and supplying powerto Dhaka, Chittagong and other suburbancities in Bangladesh. It is provided withan on-load tap-changer for varying highvoltage (HV)by 25 percent for controllingpower flow while handling a current of3,000 amperes. An oil-directed forcedair cooling (ODAF) system has beenadapted, using radiators with axial flowoil pumps and propeller fans to dissipateheat resulting from the power loss of morethan 2 MW inside the transformer. The total weight of the fully assembledtransformer is a staggering 420 tonnes.This consignment will have a length of 11.7meters and a height and depth of 4.3 x 4.2meters. The transformer was transportedby special hydraulic road trailer from thefactory to Dahej Port and shipped fromthere to Mongla Port in Bangladesh. Forthe final stage of the journey, it was takendown Sitalakhya River by barge to Haripurpower station. On passing the Factory AcceptanceTest (FAT) successfully, the transformerwas energized at site and loaded at thebeginning of January 2013.For more information:
  15. 15. 15contact 1|13Grid reliabilityIn the third quarter of 2012, we wonorders worth around $50 million fromFormosa Plastic Group of Taiwanfor four gas-insulated switchgearsubstations to supply power to a newsteel complex being built by its subsidiary,Hung Nghiep Formosa HàTinh SteelCorporation, in Vietnam. The new power infrastructure willsupport the first phase of the new Formosasteel complex, being constructed some400 kilometers south-east of Hanoi inthe Vung Ang Economic Zone, HàTinhprovince in central Vietnam. The complex,spanning 3,300 hectares will house foursteel furnaces with a combined outputof over 15 million tons a year, a 1,600megawatt thermal power station and theSon Duong deepwater port with an annualthroughput of 30 million tons. In the first phase of the project, twoblast furnaces will be developed with acapacity of 4,300 cubic meters each. Thecomplex will produce hot-rolled steel sheetsand high-tech steel bars to help meetrising industrial demand. It will also boostPowering a new steelcomplex in VietnamSubstations to provide reliable power supply to large industrial plant comprisingfour steel furnaces, a 1,600 MW thermal power station and a deepwater port incentral Vietnam.GIS technology for reliable and efficient electricitysocioeconomic development in the regionand create thousands of jobs. “These substations will enhancepower transmission capacity and improvequality and reliability of supply for criticalprocesses and sustain productivity at thenew steel complex,” said Brice Koch, headof ABB’s Power Systems division. “Wewill leverage our advanced technologies,project management capability and vastexperience to execute this extensive projectand contribute to the development ofVietnam’s infrastructure.” We are responsible for the design,engineering, supply, installation andcommissioning of the substations. Keyproduct supplies include gas-insulatedhigh- and medium-voltage switchgearand transformers. We will also deliver thesupervisory control and data acquisition(SCADA) system, telecommunicationsequipment and the substation automation,control and protection systems compliantwith the IEC 61850 global standard, toenable remote monitoring and control ofpower assets from central control rooms.The project is scheduled for completionby 2014. ABB is the world’s leading supplier ofturnkey air-insulated, gas-insulated andhybrid substations with voltage levels up to1,100 kilovolts. These substations facilitateefficient and reliable transmission anddistribution of electricity with minimumenvironmental impact, serving utility,industry and commercial customersas well as sectors like railways, urbantransportation and renewables.For more information:
  16. 16. 16 contact 1|13For a better worldPhotovaltaic panels
  17. 17. 17contact 1|13For a better worldThe Zurich-West data center using direct current (DC)technology has won the prestigious Watt dOr award from theSwiss government.World’s mostpowerful DC datacenter wins energyefficiency awardThe Zurich-West data center facilityearned the Watt d’Or award forthe scale of the energy savingsachieved through the pioneeringuse of DC technology. ABB, HP andGreen, one of the top information andcommunications technology (ITC) serviceproviders in Switzerland, opened the datacenter last year. The data center is "an internationalshowcase for Swiss clean technology, as ituses high-voltage direct current technologyfrom Swiss company ABB," the SwissFederal Office of Energy said in a statement."Thanks to the elimination of losses fromcurrent transformations and waste heat,it uses 20 percent less electricity and setsnew standards." We installed the 1 megawatt DC powerdistribution solution for the 1,100 m2expansion of Green’s Zurich-West datacenter. The project underlines our goalto create new power options throughexpanded DC applications. ABB pioneered technologies that made– DecathalonTM: Data Center Infra-structure Management (DCIM) –Built on an open platform design,the DCIM provides remote man-agement of data center operationsenterprise-wide through a unifiedview – so operators can deliverservices faster, in the most reliableand efficient way possible.– Data center services– Consulting, data center enterprisemanagement and on-site servicesABB offerings for data centers– Electrical solutions– Worldwide, ABB is known for itselectrical solutions offerings. Fordata centers, we can provide anexhaustive range of transformersand switchgears for high-, medi-um- as well as low-voltage.– UPS solutions– Newave (now a part of ABB) pro-vides a UPS solution for criticalpower supply.conversion between AC and DC systemspossible and was the first to commercializelong distance high-voltage DC powertransmission. ABB is now applying DC tomedium- and low-voltage applications inelectric vehicle charging, power distributionsystems on ships, in buildings and in datacenters.For more information:
  18. 18. 18 contact 1|13For a better worldThe solution is a complete andhighly optimized electricalpackage that will power theMagtaa desalination plant inAlgeria at an unprecedented level ofenergy efficiency and significantly reducethe length of scheduled plant shutdownsfor maintenance. Located at Oran, Algeria’s secondlargest city, the reverse osmosis seawaterdesalination plant will produce up to500,000 cubic meters of drinking water aday, enough to meet the daily requirementsof about five million people. ABB has completed the erection, testingof switchgear and equipment supplied.Now, the testing of electric drives andhot-commissioning of the system is inprogress. When operational, in the secondhalf of 2013, Magtaa will be the largestseawater desalination plant in the worldusing reverse osmosis technology – built,owned and operated for a period of 25years by Asia’s leading technology-drivenenvironmental company, Hyflux. Electrical power consumption is oneof the biggest single running costs ofdesalination, so making the process moreenergy-efficient directly translates intoaffordable potable water. We are supplying a complete electricalsolution for the entire desalination plantand a 220 kV outdoor substation,which willconnect the facility to the Algerian powergrid and ensure that the plant receivesa reliable supply of electricity withoutimpacting grid stability. The solution includes 33 medium-voltagedrives that will reduce plant electrical lossesfrom the benchmark target of 5 percent toonly 3 percent – a huge improvement inenergy efficiency, compared to acceptedindustry standards. In addition, the drives will speed upEnhancing the efficiency of reverse osmosisLeading technology to bring drinkingwater to millionsA reverse osmosis technology solution for the worlds largest seawaterdesalination plant in Algeria will boost energy efficiency and cut maintenancedowntime from weeks to days.the long plant startup process aftermaintenance or power-failure relatedshutdowns, reducing the length of plantdowntime, compared with the moretraditional method of mechanical control. Over the course of Hyflux’s 25-yearoperation of the plant, these improvementsin energy efficiency, plant productivity andreduced wear and tear made possible bythe ABB solution will provide a huge andsustained boost to plant profitability. As one of the leading suppliers of powerand automation solutions to the watersector, we offer complete capability inintegrated and optimized instrumentation,control and electrical (ICE) systems as wellas a range of automation products thatimprove the energy efficiency, productivityand reliability of plant assets.For more information: you know?Reverse osmosis is a processused to turn seawater into potablewater. Seawater is forced, (ie,using a pump) through a fine-pored membrane. Water moleculespass through the membrane whilesalt and impurities are retained.Exerting pressure to reverse theflow is necessary because inregular osmosis, water moleculesnaturally flow in the direction ofhigher concentrations of salt andimpurities, rather than away fromthem.
  19. 19. 19contact 1|13For a better worldThe SuperStar Virgo is theflagship of the line, Star Cruises’sole mega-ship and the onlypurpose-built ship of the fleet.Built in Papenburg, Germany, she hashad an illustrious career, operatingcruises from Singapore and then fromPerth, Australia. She was redeployed toHong Kong for the duration of the BeijingOlympics in 2008, before returning toSingapore. The largest floating five-starresort in Asia, the SuperStar Virgo offersmore than 16 restaurants and boasts a100 meter mega waterslide aboard. Winning the long-term servicecontract from Star Cruises for preventivemaintenance of all ABB equipment onboardSuperStar Virgo for the next five years is asignificant achievement. The approximately$1 million contract was signed in the fourthquarter of 2012 and came into effect onJanuary 1, 2013. We are carrying outperiodic maintenance visits. The benefitsof the long-term contract include increasedreliability, extended equipment life time of allABB equipment and reduced maintenancerelated costs, making the budget morepredictable for Star Cruises. Star Cruises, the world’s third largestcruise company, has led cruise developmentin the Asia-Pacific region, where it operatesseven vessels between the ports ofSingapore, Port Klang in Malaysia and HongKong. Star caters to Asian passengers aswell as to North Americans, Europeansand Australians, keen on sailing to Asiandestinations. Its energy saving programhas given Star Cruises best-in-class statusin the cruise industry. “A lot of effort and time has been put intocoordinating several small service providersto carry out the maintenance of Starvessels,” pointed out Mikael Mattsson, AVPMarine Operation, Star Cruises. “Throughthis service agreement, ABB becomesour sole service provider for equipmentsuch as rotating machines, switchgears,transformers, drives, automation etc,SuperStar VirgoStar Cruises awards ABBexclusive service contractWe have undertaken preventive maintenance of all equipment onboard theSuperStar Virgo to increase reliability and lower maintenance costs for the HongKong-based cruise company.considerably optimizing the maintenanceprocess.” “The market is looking for ways toincrease safety and uptime of vesseloperation, while extending the life cycleof their assets and making costs morepredictable,” explains Heikki Soljama, Headof ABB’s Marine and Cranes business.“ABB has responded very successfully tothis demand, with a wide range of serviceagreements that provide security for ourcustomers’ operations and business. InABB, this has been the basis for buildinglong-lasting and trusting relationships withship managers and ship owners.” The service contract covers periodicmaintenance visits, scheduled when theyleast disturb SuperStar Virgo operations.A long-term approach to maintenanceand reduction in the variable costscaused by maintenance-related actionsmake budgeting more predictable.Additionally, the contract ensures effectivecommunication and transparency betweenStar ship-management and ABB engineers.For more
  20. 20. 20 contact 1|13Product newsRES670 and PSGuardPhasor Measurement UnitsAdvantages−− Up to 8 analog phasors,with ability to sendpositive, negative, zerosequence values, or all−− Reference for the phaseangle – GPS or IRIG-B−− High measurementaccuracy of voltages andcurrents−− Customized / pre-configured measurementsolutionsAdvantages−− Proven suite of advancedWAMS applications−− Scalable server-clientarchitecture, range ofapplications, step-wiseintroduction−− Supports IEEE C37.118compliant PMUs−− Powerful data storage andexport capabilities−− Integration into platform-independent SCADA/EMSsystems−− Modern and intuitive HMIreal-time information ofthe power system status−− Flexible data exchange−− OPC interfaces ensureinteroperable solutions Raising the bar inelectrical efficiencyCustom-built devices and measurement units launched in India and the Middle Eastincrease and optimize the availability and reliability of electrical systems.Traditional control systems that monitorthe magnitude of loads and voltages fallshort of providing information regardingthe transient behavior of the transmis-sion network to system operators. Thisgap in information is bridged by WideArea Monitoring Systems (WAMS) usingPhasor Measurement Units (PMUs).
  21. 21. 21contact 1|13True modular power protection Unique lighting controlAdvantages−− Delivers true modularpower protection from10 to 200 kW (in 10 or20 kW steps) in a single,industry-standard frame−− Flexible design provides a‘pay as you grow’ model−− Modules can be replacedwithout powering down−− Best-in-class efficiency ofup to 96.5 percentAdvantages−− Connection of up to 64DALI members−− Control of 8 groupsof luminaries, up to4 closed-loop controlcircuits−− Up to 14 lighting scenesconfigurable−− Extension of the RoomController concept−− Flexible and cost-efficientsolution, especially for therefurbishment of buildings−− Commissioning via DALIcommissioning software−− (with version V0.3.0.3 orhigher)Newave, an ABB company, haslaunched an extension to the DPA UP-Scale ST range of uninterruptible powersupplies (UPS). The DPA UPScale ST200 extends power capability from120 kW up to 200 kW, while keepinga footprint of just 0.42 m2. This mostcompact, true modular UPS system isideal for organizations that aim for zerodowntime and low cost of owenrship.The new DALI Light Controller is asurface-mounted device controllingup to 64 DALI participants, which canbe integrated in 8 lighting groups and4 constant light control circuits. TheDLR/A is the only device in the marketoffering a cost-efficient and decentral-ized integration of small DALI lightinggroups into KNX networks.Product newsDPA UP-Scale ST200DALI Light ControllerDLR/A Its compact surface-mounted hous-ing (IP 54) the DLR/A extends the RoomController concept allowing installationunder-floor or in false ceilings.
  22. 22. 22 contact 1|13Close upPowering Indiassuper grid1200 kV transformer for Bina test stationThe 1200 kilovolt (kV) ultrahigh-voltage (UHV)AC power transformer in Vadodara marksanother milestone in the companys longhistory of technology and innovation in India.This will be the highest AC voltage level in theworld, helping boost load capacity and improvegrid reliability, while keeping losses in check.
  23. 23. 23contact 1|13Oil and gas account for more than halfof all primary energy consumed globally.Presently, at 142 million barrels per day(MBPD) combined oil and gas production isalmost double of what it was in 1973, and islikely to reach 180 MBPD by 2030. It is likelythat these fuels will continue to feed a largeshare of the world’s hunger for energy in theforeseeable future.Maintaining the dependability and reliabilityof supply is critical. It is also a technologicalchallenge: of enabling exploration,extraction, processing and transportation ofoil and gas in a safe, clean, energy-efficientand affordable manner.ABB strengthens the oil and gas valuechain through technologies and services.Read how we support the industry in itsentire cycle of activities, from exploration totransportation in the next issue of Contact.Preview 2|13Fuelling innovation inoil and gasExecutive editor: Karen WildsEditor-in-chief: Sanaj NatarajanProduction team:Claire Hill, Devaashish S. Savant, Harmeet Bawa,Michael Wachter, Natasha Mathebula,Peter Stierli, Rakesh Shastri, Rubi Rakha,Tamara Chetty, Wendy JosephContact is published in English for circulationamong ABB customers and stakeholders withan interest in ABB offerings, products andtechnologies.Partial reprints or reproductions are permittedsubject to full acknowledgment. Complete reprintsrequire the publisher’s written consent.Publisher and copyright ©2013.ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd.DisclaimerThe information contained herein reflects theviews of the authors and is for informationalpurposes only. Readers should not act upon theinformation contained herein without seekingprofessional advice. We make publicationsavailable with the understanding that the authorsare not rendering technical or other professionaladvice or opinions on specific facts or mattersand assume no liability whatsoever in connectionwith their use.The companies of the ABB Group do not makeany warranty or guarantee, or promise, expressedor implied, concerning the content or accuracy ofthe views expressed herein.
  24. 24. Cities that consume 30% less energy?Certainly.As a leading producer of energy-efficient solutions, ABB helpsdeliver major power savings, without compromising performance.Our lighting control systems can deliver power savings of up to50 percent, and our building automation up to 60 percent. Whileeveryone else is talking about energy prices, power shortagesand climate change, ABB is doing something about it, right here,right now.