VS

Online Learning

Seminar Learning
Inspired by

Brenna Tan l Choi Lai Ping l Felix Chia l Lincoln Tan l Ong Xun Xiang l...
Analysis of current situation

Physical
Classroom

Current
Carbon
Emissions
Vision

Planet

Reduction

Carbon
Neutral
2

P...
CO2 Emissions of Physical Classroom

3 Main Sources of CO2

Professor

Transport

Students

Electrical
Appliances

Paper
3...
Physical Classroom: Total Carbon Footprint
Physical Classroom
CO2/KG
Lecturer

39

Students

10692

Total

10731

Students...
Proposed solutions for current situation

Physical
Classroom

Online
Lessons

Carbon
Credits

Current
Carbon
Emissions

Re...
Who are the stakeholders?

?
?

?

STAKE
HOLDERS

?

?
6

Vision

Planet

People

Profit

Implementation
Who are the stakeholders?

Environment
University
B.O.D

Professor

STAKE
HOLDERS

Students

Public

7

Vision

Planet

Pe...
Which stakeholder is of top priority?
Criteria
Level of impact
decision has on
them

Students
University Board of
Directo...
Recap: Proposed solutions for current situation

Transforming a significant proportion
of our course delivery from classro...
Now, let us look at the first alternative…

Online Learning

… how much CO2 it reduces
… as well as its costs and benefits...
Online Lesson: Carbon Footprint

Physical
Classroom

Online
Lessons

Current Carbon
Emissions

Reduction

10,731 kg of CO2...
Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
Students

Costs

Benefits

Less personal contact with
instructor
Loss o...
Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
B.O.D

Costs

Benefits

More server maintenance
Lack of accr...
Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
Environment
B.O.D

Cost

Benefit

Computers also consume ene...
Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
Professor
Environment
B.O.D

Cost

Benefit

Appear less appr...
Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
Public
Professor
Environment
B.O.D

Cost

Benefit

Online le...
COST > BENEFIT?

Some concerns…
Time horizon
• Amount of time to implement such changes to education?

Severity of costs
•...
Now, let us look at the second alternative…

Carbon Credits

… how much CO2 it reduces
… as well as its costs and benefits...
Carbon Credits: Buying carbon offset credits
Buy price

Sell price

19

Vision

Planet

People

Profit

Implementation
Carbon Credits: Spot ACCU
Qty

No of
people

No of
lessons

Hr

Electricity
cm/ KW

Electricity
used/ kwh

Co2/ Kg

Assump...
Carbon Credits: Spot ACCU
Electricity used/ kwh

Co2/ Kg

Assumptions

Students during lessons
Computer-300w

0.3

18.0624...
Carbon Credits: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
Students

Costs

Benefits

Potentially have to pay more

Fulfils willin...
Carbon Credits: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
B.O.D

Costs

Benefits

High cost of buying carbon offset
cr...
Carbon Credits: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
Environment
B.O.D

Cost

Benefit

Long term solution is need...
Carbon Credits: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
Public
Professor
Environment
B.O.D

Cost

Benefit

Sceptical...
Carbon Credits: Comparison
Cost

Benefits

Potentially have to pay more

Fulfils willingness to be environment friendly

F...
COST > BENEFIT?

Some considerations…
Time
• Long term or short term effects?

Severity of costs
• Any irreversible effect...
What is the most suitable solution?
Must both options be mutually exclusive?

28
I suggest……
A hybrid of both options

O
P
T
I
O
N

29
Hybrid Option: Basic Concept

Buying Carbon Credits/
Seminar Style

Online Classroom

• Case Study Presentation
and Discus...
Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
Students

Costs

Benefits

More case studies to prepare per
week
Loss of...
Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
B.O.D

Costs

Benefits

Reduce learning and development Well ...
Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
Environment
B.O.D

Cost

Benefit

Reduction in paper consumpt...
Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
Professor
Environment
B.O.D

Cost

Benefit

More effort to pr...
Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders
University
Public
Professor
Environment
B.O.D

Cost

Benefit
More afford...
Hybrid Option: Comparison
Cost

Benefits

More case studies to prepare per week More opportunities/cases per week to
apply...
Hybrid Option: Comparison
Cost

Benefits

Stronger monitoring on Professor’s
quality of teachings

Persuasive quantitative...
Executive Summary
Is it not ironic that a module on sustainable enterprises is
actually causing harm to the environment? T...
Thank You!

39
Appendix 1:
Physical Classroom: Lecturer’s Carbon Footprint
Lecturer During Lessons

Computer

Electricity
No. of No. of
E...
Appendix 2:
Physical Classroom: Students’ Carbon Footprint
Students During Lessons

Computer

Electricity
No. of No. of No...
Appendix 2:
Physical Classroom: Students’ Carbon Footprint
Students Commute
Quantity

No. of
No. of Total Bus Total Train ...
Appendix 3:
Online Lessons: Lecturer’s Carbon Footprint

Lecturer Preparation
No. of No. of
Quantity
lessons Hours

Electr...
Appendix 4:
Online Lessons : Students’ Carbon Footprint

Students During Lessons
Quantity

No. of
No. of
Students lessons
...
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  • Co2 australia green rangers

    1. 1. VS Online Learning Seminar Learning Inspired by Brenna Tan l Choi Lai Ping l Felix Chia l Lincoln Tan l Ong Xun Xiang l Scott Tham Green Rangers 1
    2. 2. Analysis of current situation Physical Classroom Current Carbon Emissions Vision Planet Reduction Carbon Neutral 2 People Profit Implementation
    3. 3. CO2 Emissions of Physical Classroom 3 Main Sources of CO2 Professor Transport Students Electrical Appliances Paper 3 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    4. 4. Physical Classroom: Total Carbon Footprint Physical Classroom CO2/KG Lecturer 39 Students 10692 Total 10731 Students Professor 4 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    5. 5. Proposed solutions for current situation Physical Classroom Online Lessons Carbon Credits Current Carbon Emissions Reduction Carbon Neutral Vision Planet 5 People Profit Implementation
    6. 6. Who are the stakeholders? ? ? ? STAKE HOLDERS ? ? 6 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    7. 7. Who are the stakeholders? Environment University B.O.D Professor STAKE HOLDERS Students Public 7 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    8. 8. Which stakeholder is of top priority? Criteria Level of impact decision has on them Students University Board of Directors Importance of their support and level of authority to influence decision Environment Professor Public 8 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    9. 9. Recap: Proposed solutions for current situation Transforming a significant proportion of our course delivery from classroom to an online format Online Lessons Buying an equivalent amount of carbon offset credits from CO2 Australia Carbon Credits 9 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    10. 10. Now, let us look at the first alternative… Online Learning … how much CO2 it reduces … as well as its costs and benefits to stakeholders 10
    11. 11. Online Lesson: Carbon Footprint Physical Classroom Online Lessons Current Carbon Emissions Reduction 10,731 kg of CO2 Vision Note: Please Planet refer to the People appendices 1,535 kg of CO2 for Profit calculations 11 Implementation
    12. 12. Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders Students Costs Benefits Less personal contact with instructor Loss of classroom dynamics Lower transport and accommodation costs Increased flexibility for students Students to take on personal responsibility over learning Students need more access to computers Students can learn at own pace Increased convenience 12 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    13. 13. Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University B.O.D Costs Benefits More server maintenance Lack of accreditations such as AACSB to endorse curriculum Increased likelihood of plagiarism Hands-on experience or lab work hard to simulate Copyright costs of online lessons Online lessons can be reused for subsequent semesters Builds up NTU’s brand as an institution offering online courses Greater reach Eliminates need for STARS in NTU Avoid expenses of expanding current campus 13 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    14. 14. Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University Environment B.O.D Cost Benefit Computers also consume energy and contain toxic materials More travel for technicians to maintain servers -> higher CO2 emissions Reduce paper 85% fewer CO2 emissions per student because less travelling to school 14 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    15. 15. Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University Professor Environment B.O.D Cost Benefit Appear less approachable to students Obsolescence of faculty Increased flexibility Ease of cheating Eliminates travel time and expense Consistent information presented More downtime and technical issues to manage Reduced need to supervise work of students 15 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    16. 16. Online Lessons: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University Public Professor Environment B.O.D Cost Benefit Online lessons currently not covered under financial aid schemes Online degree courses not as recognized as regular degrees Better learning platform for students with physical disabilities Offers a convenient learning option for working adults 16 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    17. 17. COST > BENEFIT? Some concerns… Time horizon • Amount of time to implement such changes to education? Severity of costs • Can negative outcomes like ease of cheating be better controlled? Durability of benefits • Will benefits like increased flexibility be short-lived? • Will other universities join this race for online education? 17 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    18. 18. Now, let us look at the second alternative… Carbon Credits … how much CO2 it reduces … as well as its costs and benefits to stakeholders 18
    19. 19. Carbon Credits: Buying carbon offset credits Buy price Sell price 19 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    20. 20. Carbon Credits: Spot ACCU Qty No of people No of lessons Hr Electricity cm/ KW Electricity used/ kwh Co2/ Kg Assumptions Lecturer during lessons Computer300w 1 1 39 3 0.3 35.1 18.06246 3h lesson Paper for activities 200 0 0 0 0 0 3.57 200 pieces Lecturer during preparation Air-con 1 1 13 2 1 26 13.3796 Lights 1 1 12 20 0.06 1.44 0.741024 Total co2/kg: 35.8 20 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    21. 21. Carbon Credits: Spot ACCU Electricity used/ kwh Co2/ Kg Assumptions Students during lessons Computer-300w 0.3 18.06246 10 students per class use laptop during class Paper for activities 0 3.57 20pieces/student Lights-65w 0.3 722.4984 fluorescent tube, 10 light sources with 4 tubes each Air-con-8kW 8 963.3312 3 hours Commuting Train/km Bus/km Public transport 43680 43680 7650 120 public transport, average 28km,half bus, half train 310 28 private transport, average 24km Private transport Total co2/kg: 35.753084 + 9667.46206 = 9703kg/21347lbs Total cost: 21347 x $21.50 = 458 961 AUD  548591 SGD 21 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    22. 22. Carbon Credits: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders Students Costs Benefits Potentially have to pay more Fulfils willingness to be environment friendly Forms a false perception of being Raised awareness towards green importance of sustainable growth 22 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    23. 23. Carbon Credits: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University B.O.D Costs Benefits High cost of buying carbon offset credits (SGD 548591) Green reputation (publicity) Difficult to assess true value of carbon credits Able to justify their high energy consumption 23 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    24. 24. Carbon Credits: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University Environment B.O.D Cost Benefit Long term solution is needed There is now a way to remediate the effects Useless for credits if carbon emissions do not reduce at all 24 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    25. 25. Carbon Credits: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University Public Professor Environment B.O.D Cost Benefit Sceptical about the effectiveness of a small scale project in NTU Support green enterprise 25 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    26. 26. Carbon Credits: Comparison Cost Benefits Potentially have to pay more Fulfils willingness to be environment friendly Forms a false perception of being green Raised awareness towards importance of sustainable growth High cost of buying carbon offset credits (SGD 548591) Green reputation Difficult to assess true value of carbon credits Able to justify their high energy consumption Long term solution is needed There is now a way to remediate the effects Useless for credits if carbon emissions do not reduce at all Support green enterprise Sceptical about the effectiveness of a small scale project in NTU COST > BENEFIT 26 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    27. 27. COST > BENEFIT? Some considerations… Time • Long term or short term effects? Severity of costs • Any irreversible effects? Tangibility of benefits • Raised awareness because of us? • Did public support green enterprises because of us? Are benefits directly associated to the buying of carbon credits? 27 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    28. 28. What is the most suitable solution? Must both options be mutually exclusive? 28
    29. 29. I suggest…… A hybrid of both options O P T I O N 29
    30. 30. Hybrid Option: Basic Concept Buying Carbon Credits/ Seminar Style Online Classroom • Case Study Presentation and Discussion • ½ of total semester sessions • 2 Presentations per session • Lecture on tools and concepts • Discussion board used to clarify concepts • ½ of total semester sessions 30 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    31. 31. Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders Students Costs Benefits More case studies to prepare per week Loss of instant clarification from Professor More opportunities/cases per week to apply concepts Inculcate independent learning Travel expense is spent attending value added classes Better time management 31 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    32. 32. Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University B.O.D Costs Benefits Reduce learning and development Well rounded education cost experience provided in Asia Stronger monitoring on Professor’s quality of teachings Persuasive quantitative data to show improvement in student’s learning 32 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    33. 33. Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University Environment B.O.D Cost Benefit Reduction in paper consumption may be less than 50% 33 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    34. 34. Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University Professor Environment B.O.D Cost Benefit More effort to prepare lessons for hybrid options Consistency in teaching concepts to students 34 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    35. 35. Hybrid Option: Costs and Benefits to Stakeholders University Public Professor Environment B.O.D Cost Benefit More affordable education if concept is implemented throughout the school University seen as innovative as more application skills focused 35 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    36. 36. Hybrid Option: Comparison Cost Benefits More case studies to prepare per week More opportunities/cases per week to apply concepts Loss of instant clarification from Professor Inculcate independent learning Reduce learning and development cost Travel expense is spent attending value added classes Reduction in paper consumption may be less than 50% Better time management More effort to prepare lessons for hybrid options Well rounded education experience provided in Asia 36 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    37. 37. Hybrid Option: Comparison Cost Benefits Stronger monitoring on Professor’s quality of teachings Persuasive quantitative data to show improvement in student’s learning Consistency in teaching concepts to students More affordable education if concept is implemented throughout the school University seen as innovative as more application skills focused BENEFIT > COST 37 Vision Planet People Profit Implementation
    38. 38. Executive Summary Is it not ironic that a module on sustainable enterprises is actually causing harm to the environment? This presentation seeks to achieve a carbon neutral status for the AB0401 module. To do so, we first calculate the current carbon footprint of AB0401, and weigh it against alternatives such as having an online delivery structure, and buying carbon credits from CO2 Australia. To be even more comprehensive, this presentation also takes into account the interests of different stakeholders ranging students to the general public. Ultimately, our recommendation is that, for AB0401 to be carbon neutral, while not sacrificing the quality of the lessons, a hybrid structure of classroom and online delivery should be adopted. The resulting carbon emissions would be less than that of a pure classroom-style lesson, and that can be offset with carbon credits by CO2 Australia. People Planet Profit Implementation Vision 38
    39. 39. Thank You! 39
    40. 40. Appendix 1: Physical Classroom: Lecturer’s Carbon Footprint Lecturer During Lessons Computer Electricity No. of No. of Electricity Quantity consumption CO2/KG lessons Hours used/KWH /KW 1 39 3 0.3 35.1 18 Paper 200 1 - - - 3 Assumptions 200 pieces of paper used for in-class activities Lecturer Preparation Computer 1 13 2 0.3 7.8 4 Air-Con 1 13 2 1 26 13 Lights 1 13 2 0.06 1.7 1 Total 39 Note: KWH to CO2 : 0.5146 KG of CO2 /KWH (EMA.sg) Paper to CO2 : 1.623 KG of CO2 /100pc (StewartMarion.com) 2 hours of preparation time per lesson Professor 40
    41. 41. Appendix 2: Physical Classroom: Students’ Carbon Footprint Students During Lessons Computer Electricity No. of No. of No. of Electricity Quantity consumption/ Assumptions CO2/KG Students lessons Hours used/KWH KW 1 10 39 3 0.3 351 180 10 students per class use laptop during seminar Lights 40 - 39 3 - 3042 1565 40 florescent tubes used for lighting Air-Con 2 - 39 3 8 1872 963 2 air conditioners per class Paper 10 148 - - - - 24 10 pieces of paper per student per class Note: KWH to CO2 : 0.5146 KG of CO2 /KWH (EMA.sg) Paper to CO2 : 1.623 KG of CO2 /100pc (StewartMarion.com) Students 41
    42. 42. Appendix 2: Physical Classroom: Students’ Carbon Footprint Students Commute Quantity No. of No. of Total Bus Total Train Total Car CO2/KG Students Lessons Mileage Mileage Mileage Assumptions Public Transport 2 120 13 43680 43680 - 7650 120 public transport, average 28km/trip, half bus, half train Private Transport 2 28 13 - - 11232 310 28 private transport, average 24km/trip Total 10692 Note: Commute Conversion : Carbonfootprint.com Students 42
    43. 43. Appendix 3: Online Lessons: Lecturer’s Carbon Footprint Lecturer Preparation No. of No. of Quantity lessons Hours Electricity consumption /KW Electricity used/KWH CO2/KG Computer 1 13 4 0.3 15.60 Air-con 1 13 4 1 52 Lights 1 13 4 0.06 3.12 Camera Recorder Total 1 13 2 0.01 0.26 70.98 Note: KWH to CO2 : 0.5146 KG of CO2 /KWH (EMA.sg) Paper to CO2 : 0.0163457 KG of CO2 /100pc (StewartMarion.com) Planet People Vision Assumptions Preparation is done online 8.03 (paperless) 26.76 1.61 Incandescent light 0.134 36.53 Professor Profit Implementation 43
    44. 44. Appendix 4: Online Lessons : Students’ Carbon Footprint Students During Lessons Quantity No. of No. of Students lessons Electricity No. of consumption/ Hours KW Electricity used/KWH Computer 1 148 13 3 0.3 1731.6 Electric fan Lights Paper 1 1 10 148 148 148 13 13 13 3 3 0.075 0.06 432.9 346.3 - - - Total Note: KWH to CO2 : 0.5146 KG of CO2 /KWH (EMA.sg) Paper to CO2 : 0.0163457 KG of CO2 /100pc (StewartMarion.com) Planet People Vision CO2/KG Assumptions 891.1 222.8 No air con 178.2 Incandescent 314.5 1606.6 Students Profit Implementation 44

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