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AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment
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AB0401 S04 team 4 E- learning week assignment

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  • Very complete presentation, good structure, but unclear in places. Hoped to see a clear analysis of our carbon footprint, explanation of the alternatives, and calculations of the various impacts of each alternative. For example, it is not clear 'what I should do when I leave the room,' an important take-home for change agents.
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  • Source of statistics:Nanyang Technological University (2013). Corporate information. Retrieved from https://www.ntu.edu.sg/ABOUTNTU/CORPORATEINFO/Pages/undergraduatepopulation2009-10-onwards.aspx
  • Shuttle bus frequency: Nanyang Technological University (2013). Getting around NTU. Transportation. Retrieved from: http://www.ntu.edu.sg/has/Transportation/Pages/GettingAroundNTU.aspxAcademic period: Nanyang Technological University (2013). Academic calendar AY 2013 – 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.ntu.edu.sg/Students/Undergraduate/AcademicServices/AcademicCalendar/Pages/2013-14.aspxCarbon footprint computation: The Resurgence Trust (n.d.). The Resurgence carbon dioxide calculator. Retrieved from: http://www.resurgence.org/education/carbon-calculator.html
  • Sprangers, S. (2011). Calculating the carbon footprint of universities. p. 100 [Master’s thesis Economics and Informatics]. Retrieved from: edventure.ntu.edu.sgErasmus University Rotterdam (2013). Facts and figures. Retrieved from: http://www.eur.nl/english/eur/fandf/
  • Carbon footprint computation: The Resurgence Trust (n.d.). The Resurgence carbon dioxide calculator. Retrieved from: http://www.resurgence.org/education/carbon-calculator.htmlDistance from Pioneer MRT to Lee Wee Nam Library: SBS Transit. (n.d.) Route information for Bus Service 179. Retrieved from: http://www.sbstransit.com.sg/journeyplan/validation_page.aspx?qdirect=2&qservno=179&qpoint=LOOP&dispno=179&qstart=BOON+LAY+INT&qend=SCH+OF+COMM+AND+INFO
  • Electricity consumption calculator: Singapore Power (n.d.) Home Electricity Audit. Retrieved from: https://services.spservices.sg/cs_services_energy-audit.aspCarbon footprint calculator: Carbon Footprint Ltd (2013). Carbon footprint calculator. Retrieved from: http://www.carbonfootprint.com/calculator.aspx
  • University of Virginia (2009). CO2 Australia – the case for carbon credits. Darden Business Publishing. Retrieved from: edventure.ntu.edu.sgproject64[image]. CO2 Australia. Retrieved from: http://vimeo.com/channels/171324
  • Arbor Environmental Alliance (2008). Carbon & tree facts. Retrieved from http://www.arborenvironmentalalliance.com/carbon-tree-facts.aspNicolle, D. (n.d.) Eucalypt diverse gallery. [image]. Retrieved from http://www.dn.com.au/Eucalypt_Diversity_Australia_gallery/pages/Eucalyptus-tenera-mallee.html
  • Arbor Environmental Alliance (2008). Carbon & tree facts. Retrieved from http://www.arborenvironmentalalliance.com/carbon-tree-facts.aspWestern Cape Government (2013). Energy saving tips [image]. Retrieved from http://www.westerncape.gov.za/general-publication/energy-saving-tips
  • Arbor Environmental Alliance (2008). Carbon & tree facts. Retrieved from http://www.arborenvironmentalalliance.com/carbon-tree-facts.asp
  • Arbor Environmental Alliance (2008). Carbon & tree facts. Retrieved from http://www.arborenvironmentalalliance.com/carbon-tree-facts.aspCirroenergy (2013). Energy saving tips [image]. Retrieved from http://blog.cirroenergy.com/2013/05/13/energy-saving-tips/
  • Arbor Environmental Alliance (2008). Carbon & tree facts. Retrieved from http://www.arborenvironmentalalliance.com/carbon-tree-facts.aspLAMS Hosting Solutions Prices. Retrieved from http://www.lamsinternational.com/product/hosting.html
  • Transcript

    • 1. AB0401 Sustainable Enterprise E-Learning Assignment Quek Qiao Wen Jonathan Goh Martin Tan Daryl Tan Lance Ng Gary Ong Seminar Group 4 Team 4
    • 2. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 SCOPE 1: EMISSIONS FROM INTERNAL SHUTTLE BUSES Distance Number of Per Trip trips a year* /Km Distance Travelled /Km CO2 Emission /metric ton Blue Line 26175 5 130875 14.40 Red Line Campus Rider Weekend Rider 26175 5 130875 14.40 20595 6 123570 13.59 5358 8 42864 4.71 TOTAL *Calculated based on frequency of buses, 33 weeks of school, 2 weeks of public holiday and 17 weeks of term break 47.10
    • 3. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 SCOPE 2: EMISSIONS FROM ERASMUS UNIVERSITY ROTTERDAM CO2Emission/kg / Emission Source CO2 Emission / kg person Purchased Electricity 920,161 38.98 Purchased Heat 1,588,575 67.30 Scope 2 - Total 2,508,736 106.28 *Calculated based on the number of staff and students taken from the EUR website. There are 2,662 staff and 20,941 students which leads to a total of 23,603 people.
    • 4. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 SCOPE 2: DEDUCTIONS FOR EMISSIONS IN NTU CO Emission/kg CO Emission for 2 2 Emission Source /person NTU / kg Purchased Electricity 38.98 1,285,794 Purchased Heat 67.30 2,219,958 Scope 2 - Total 106.28 3,505,752 *Calculated based on the population of students in NTU. There are 23,518 undergraduate students and 9,468 postgraduate students. Total: 32,986.
    • 5. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 SCOPE 3: EMISSIONS FROM STUDENTS’ USAGE OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT TO SCHOOL Total Distance By MRT* By Bus** Total 156,728,880 km 9,254,467.2 km Metric Tons of CO2 Emissions 9349.13 1012.08 10,361.21 *Calculated based on average distance travelled (21km) by students who live in East and West of Singapore, assuming MRT is the main mode of transport **Calculated based on distanced travelled from Pioneer MRT to Lee Wee Nam Library (3.1km)
    • 6. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 TOTAL CARBON EMISSIONS FOR CONDUCTING CLASS IN CLASSROOM SETTING Elements Scope 1 Scope 2 Scope 3 Total Metric Tons of CO2 Emissions 47.1 Internal Shuttle Buses Purchased Electricity and 3,505.75 Heat 10,361.21 Public Transport to NTU 13,914.06
    • 7. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 USING E-LEARNING AS MODE OF TEACHING Electrical Appliance Usage Amount of Electricity Consumed / Person / Month (for School Hours) Lights, fan, notebook and charger 15.03 kWh^ Lights, air-conditioner, notebook 116.28 kWh^ and charger ^Electricity consumption is based on average rates extracted from Singapore Power services website Assuming 50% of total student population uses air-conditioner and the other 50% uses the fan at home/hall for 8.25 months of school period Total Electricity Used Total Metric Tons of CO2 Emissions 15,479,787 kWh 8,190.34
    • 8. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 COMPARISON OF CARBON EMISSIONS AMONGST DIFFERENT TEACHING MODES Total Metric Tons of CO2 Emissions 100% in 100% 50% Classroom E-Learning E-learning; Setting 50% Classroom Setting 11,052.20 13,914.06 8,190.34 Emissions N.A. Reduced 5,723.72 2,861.86
    • 9. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 O Introduction to the Carbon Emission’s Control Measures • What are carbon credits? - Tradable certificates that allow companies to emit CO2 emissions past their current limit by using someone else’s spare limit • Carbon Offset - A reduction in CO2 at a certain part of the world through technology or carbon absorbing plants to compensate for emissions somewhere else
    • 10. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 O CO2 Australia O A subsidiary of the CO2 group which deals in Carbon Credits Trading and Carbon Offset schemes for companies O Acquires land in Australia for carbon sink plantings as a form of carbon offset
    • 11. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 O Planting Mallee Eucalypt Trees to Reduce CO2 O A mature tree can absorb 48lbs of C02 a year(AEA) (Approximately 46 trees needed to absorb one ton of C02 every year) At least 50 ha. of land needed for each plantation as per Kyotol Protocol Requirements Eucalyptus tenera (sand mallee) east of Kalannie in the wheatbelt of Western Australia
    • 12. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 O Cost of Using CO2 Australia Services NTU’s Total Carbon Emissions 13,914.06 metric tons C02 Cost Per ACCU AUD 24.00 (SGD 28.80) Cost of Offsetting via Carbon Credits SGD 400,724.93
    • 13. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 O Feasibility of Using CO2 Australia Services CONTRIBUTING FACTORS AGAINST Trees absorb CO2 and replenish the environment with oxygen perpetually Land is not unlimited(At least 50 ha. is needed for each plantation) Low Cost (compared to technology) Trees have to replanted every 100 years Land owners can still continue their commercial activities (Rearing livestock etc.) on the land after selling to CO2 Austrailia. Land could be used for other more profitable activities (Property development etc.)
    • 14. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 O Change Pricing Model for NTU Hall Room Rental O Flat rate for renting of room plus a utility price multiplier multiplied by the amount of utilities consumed O Motivates residents to switch off their appliances when not needed
    • 15. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 O Assumptions Energy wastage *Based on our survey [5% of residents waste 200hr/mth] *NTU Hall Population of 9000 [ 10% of residents waste 100 hr/mth] Fluorescent Lamps (32W) Ceiling Fan (75W) Alternativ e3
    • 16. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 O Estimated Savings 184500KWH per Month! *As range of emissions from different fuels range from (1.22lbs to 2.18 lbs) we will assume the average amount of CO2 emitted per KWH produced is 2lbs 1961.28metric tons of CO2 per Year!
    • 17. Present Situation Alternativ e1 Alternativ e2 Alternativ e3 O Evaluation 100% ELearning Carbon Offsetting Utility-PriceMultiplier Pricing Model Energy Savings (metric tons/ year) 5,723.72 13,914.06 1,961.28 (based on current energy usage) Costs ~SGD 12,000 SGD 400,724.93 0(Power Meters Already Installed) Cost efficiency (Metric tons saved/dollar) 0.48 0.035 1 Effort to maintain High Medium Low
    • 18. O Our Decision E Learning Carbon Offset Tiered Pricing Structured Cost Efficiency 0.48 0.035 1 Feasibility -Face to face learning still needed for practical skills - The university does not emit carbon emissions as a direct result of its operations. Not necessary to spend so much money to offset carbon. - Effective motivator for students to be more active in saving energy.
    • 19. Executive Summary The purpose of this report is to review and compare alternative paths leading to our university’s long-term carbon-neutral target. In doing so, we first aim to identify the carbon footprint of NTU, followed by exploring the following shortlisted alternatives: 1. Transforming a significant proportion of our course delivery from classroom to an online format. 2. Buying an equivalent amount of carbon offset credits. 3. Tiered pricing system for rental of hall rooms. The carbon footprint of NTU can be divided into 3 main scopes. Scope 1 emission covers internal shuttle bus transport within NTU, totalling up to 47.1 CO2 emission per metric ton. Scope 2 covers CO2 emission based on purchased electricity and heat, totalling up to 3,505.75 CO2 emission per metric ton. Scope 3 emission covers public transport to NTU, totalling up to 10,361.21 metric tons of CO2 emissions. Exploring Alternative 1, with e-learning, students no longer have to travel to school on e-learning days, reducing the need for demand of both internal and external public transport. Electrical appliance usage will, however, vary depending on whether they use the fan or air conditioner. Reduction in emissions include electricity required to maintain classrooms as well. Alternative 2 consists of buying carbon credits, which are tradable certificates that allow companies to emit CO2 past their current limit by using someone else’s spare limit. It proposes the concept of carbon offset, which is a reduction in CO2 at a certain part of the world through technology or carbon-absorbing plants to compensate for emissions somewhere else. CO2 Australia is a company which acquires land in Australia for carbon sink plantings as a form of carbon offset, i.e. planting Mallee Eucalypt Trees, which can absorb 48lbs of CO2 a year at maturity. It is feasible in being low cost, as well as being able to be folded with other activities such as rearing livestock on the land. However, the downside of depending on such a scheme is that land is a limited resource and could be used for other productive activities instead. Alternative 3 proposes to change the current flat rate of NTU hall room rental to a flat plus a utility price multiplier multiplied by the amount of utilities consumed. The aim of this is to motivate residents to switch off their appliances when not needed, where currently there is no reason to do so. The estimated savings can go up to 184,500 KWH of electricity and 1,961 metric tons of CO2 a month. This alternative is also relatively simple to implement. In conclusion, the alternative to be chosen will depend on the resources that NTU wants to commit to effort in maintaining them. We recommend tiered pricing as the other 2 alternatives, though feasible, give rise to various new problems that eventually do not provide a sustainable solution for achieving long-term carbonneutrality in NTU.
    • 20. O References Nanyang Technological University (2013). Corporate information. Retrieved from https://www.ntu.edu.sg/ABOUTNTU/CORPORATEINFO/Pages/undergraduatepopulati on2009-10-onwards.aspx Nanyang Technological University (2013). Getting around NTU. Transportation. Retrieved from: http://www.ntu.edu.sg/has/Transportation/Pages/GettingAroundNTU.aspx Nanyang Technological University (2013). Academic calendar AY 2013 – 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.ntu.edu.sg/Students/Undergraduate/AcademicServices/AcademicCalendar/ Pages/2013-14.aspx The Resurgence Trust (n.d.). The Resurgence carbon dioxide calculator. Retrieved from: http://www.resurgence.org/education/carbon-calculator.html Sprangers, S. (2011). Calculating the carbon footprint of universities. p. 100 [Master’s thesis Economics and Informatics]. Retrieved from: edventure.ntu.edu.sg Erasmus University Rotterdam (2013). Facts and figures. Retrieved from: http://www.eur.nl/english/eur/fandf/
    • 21. O References Distance from Pioneer MRT to Lee Wee Nam Library: SBS Transit. (n.d.) Route information for Bus Service 179. Retrieved from: http://www.sbstransit.com.sg/journeyplan/validation_page.aspx?qdirect=2&q servno=179&qpoint=LOOP&dispno=179&qstart=BOON+LAY+INT&qend=S CH+OF+COMM+AND+INFO Singapore Power (n.d.) Home Electricity Audit. Retrieved from: https://services.spservices.sg/cs_services_energy-audit.asp Carbon footprint calculator: Carbon Footprint Ltd (2013). Carbon footprint calculator. Retrieved from: http://www.carbonfootprint.com/calculator.aspx University of Virginia (2009). CO2 Australia – the case for carbon credits. Darden Business Publishing. Retrieved from: edventure.ntu.edu.sg project64[image]. CO2 Australia. Retrieved from: http://vimeo.com/channels/171324 Arbor Environmental Alliance (2008). Carbon & tree facts. Retrieved from http://www.arborenvironmentalalliance.com/carbon-tree-facts.asp
    • 22. O References Nicolle, D. (n.d.) Eucalypt diverse gallery. [image]. Retrieved from http://www.dn.com.au/Eucalypt_Diversity_Australia_g allery/pages/Eucalyptus-tenera-mallee.html Western Cape Government (2013). Energy saving tips [image]. Retrieved from http://www.westerncape.gov.za/generalpublication/energy-saving-tips Cirroenergy (2013). Energy saving tips [image]. Retrieved from http://blog.cirroenergy.com/2013/05/13/energy-savingtips/

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