Ab0401 e learning seminar 2 group 6


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CO2 Australia E-Learning

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  • Sensible, if somewhat conservative, recommendations. Good survey of relevant data, though hoped to see an estimate of the impact of your recommendations on our carbon footprint. The proposed shift from classroom to online learning may be viable, but its inherent risks, such as the potential impact on our international accreditation and on the market for our graduates (employers are not on your stakeholder list) demand careful thought and mitigation. Current online education is often little more than a video of a lecture, accompanied by an assignment. If we envision a future in which teams collaborate across the Internet to solve complex problems, we’ll have to prepare our students by building learning environments that simulate this context. Very complete slideshow, with transcript, etc.
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  • This new paint technology using agricultural oils are an improved environmental product than Latex paints, releasing zero harmful VOC fumes while drying, has no odour or allergy emissions, manufactured using 75% renewable resources and has a low Industrial manufacturing carbon foot print.
  • Ab0401 e learning seminar 2 group 6

    1. 1. CO2 Australia Changing or World: do we plant trees or create online courses? SUSTAINABLE ENTERPRISE AY 2013/14 SEMESTER 1 AB0401 – SEMINAR 2 TEAM 6 ALEX YEO| CHONG KEJIAN | PEH SHENG KANG| SEE YI LIN | TONG ZI HENG | YEO BEE HOON
    2. 2. Agenda  Carbon Footprint of NTU  Rationale of having the Carbon-neutral Target  Stakeholder Analysis  Part (1): Transform a significant portion of our course delivery from classroom to an online format  Part (2): Buying an equivalent amount of carbon offset credits from the provider featured in the case  Part (3): Any other viable alternative that your team wishes to propose, leading to a carbon-neutral future  Conclusions
    3. 3. Carbon Footprint  A carbon footprint is defined as "the total sets of greenhouse gas emissions caused by an organization, event, pr oduct or person”
    4. 4. Carbon Footprint of NTU Section No. Description Equivalent CO2 Emission (kg CO2-eq) Actual Percentage (%) Scope 1 Direct Emission Mobile Combustion Sources 1 (a) Fuel Consumption Approach Total in Scope 1 2,065,695 100 2,065,695 Scope 2 Energy Indirect Emission 1 Electricity 10,646,066 Total in Scope 2 100 10,646,066 Scope 3 Other Indirect Emission 1 Paper 12,303 0.59 2 Fresh Water 382,098 18.39 3 Waste 80,602 3.88 4 Staff & Students Travel 1,602,188 77.13 Total in Scope 3 2,077,191
    5. 5. Carbon Emission Summary Carbon Emission Summary Equivalent CO2 Emission (kg CO2-eq) Percentage (%) Scope 1 2,065,695 13.97 Scope 2 10,646,066 71.99 Scope 3 2,077,191 14.05 Total 14,788,952
    6. 6. C02 Emission of NTU Equivalent CO2 Emission (kg CO2-eq) (%) 14.05 13.97 71.99 Scope 1 - Direct Emission Scope 2- Energy Indirect Emission Scope 3- Other Indirect Emission
    7. 7. Sources of carbon emission  Significant footprint lies in electricity consumption (i.e. air-conditions & lighting used in seminar rooms)  Shuttle bus service ranks as the second contributor to carbon emission  Overall: Alternative carbon reduction methods need to be looked into to reduce NTU‟s carbon footprint
    8. 8. Reasons of going carbon neutral project Pros Cons Reduce costs by reductions in energy and material usage High cost required at the initial stage to develop the infrastructure to meet the target, benefits will only be reaped many years later Improve reputation • Help to attract more students and staff • Able to work positively with other stakeholders like media, government, employees, in vestors and potential partners The opportunity cost of spending on energy efficient projects is the investment in better academic resources such as engaging more lecturers and provide better welfare for students Channel cost-savings to value-added activities in the long run • Eg. Academic and research programmes, scholarships etc Donors may see the going carbonneutral as a distraction to the mission of providing education, thus give less support for the project Obtain cooperation from government more easily • Grants and fundings
    9. 9. Stakeholder Analysis Stakeholder Interests in the carbon-neutral target Students • Expect the cost savings in the long run to be channeled to better facilities and providing more financial aid Teaching and research staff • Cost savings in the long run to translate to better school facilities • More funding for cutting-edge research Management staff • • • • • Improve reputation of university Improve global ranking and recognition Attract talented students and faculty staff Sustainable campus environment Reduce expenses, reinvest in other academic areas
    10. 10. Stakeholder Analysis Stakeholder Government • BCA, NEA Partners • NatSteel Interests in the carbon-neutral target • Promote sustainability in public sector • Efficient use of resources • Invest in research and development on energy efficiency • Implement new technologies to their companies‟ operation
    11. 11. Part (1) • Transform a significant portion of our course delivery from classroom to an online format
    12. 12. Online vs Classroom Target People • Students (60% non-hall students) KPI Online Satisfaction Level Classroom • Students’ satisfaction (i.e. response rate) • Transport time and cost • Less value-added compared to interaction with professors and peers. • Rely on student selfdiscipline • Save on travelling time and costs • Focus on research • Less teaching commitment • Interactive learning provides better learning experience through multi-sensory appeal • Greater travelling time and costs • Faculty & Researchers • Job Satisfaction • More interactions with students in a classroom setting • Top management • High rank among universities for lowest carbon footprints • Save electricity, shuttle bus fuel and paper consumption • Expended fuel, electricity and paper • Greater carbon emission Planet •Carbon Footprints • Reduce carbon footprints • Per student: Bus & MRT footprint (0.22 metric tons of CO2 e) • Per Classroom: Electricity footprint (3.01 metric tons of CO2 e) • Energy is required for maintaining a learning environment Profit • Costs • Profits • Save costs thereby translate to greater profits • May incur higher costs and reduction in profits Satisfaction Level
    13. 13. Evaluation  Online teaching   Reduce carbon footprints of NTU   immediate short term benefit of achieving sustainable initiatives Save costs and increase profits BUT  Not a viable long-term sustainable plan  Loses educational essence    Online classroom: Less social and communicative interactions between student and teacher, and amongst students Results in confusion and frustration in online learning as students‟ doubts are not debated or clarified immediately  Does not encourage exchange of new ideas and perspectives Hall residency rate declines & revenue decreases
    15. 15. Carbon Credit  A carbon credit is a generic term for any tradable certificate or permit representing the right to emit one tonne of carbon dioxide or the mass of another greenhouse gas with a carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) equivalent to one tonne of carbon dioxide Authorized Seller of Honest Howie's Carbon Credits
    16. 16. KPI (Key Performance Indicators) KPI Evaluation Cost • Emission is likely to increase as NTU expands its operation • Incur high expenses to offset carbon emission as a result Emission • Amount of carbon emission by NTU is not reduced directly • Emission will not reduce unless there is an actual plan to reduce energy usage
    17. 17. Evaluation  Buying an equivalent amount of carbon offset credits can work in the short term to make up for the excess carbon emissions.  However, in the long run, this will increase costs and reduce overall profitability.  This also may result in the university not adopting a proactive role in reducing emissions as it can simply buy more carbon offset credits whenever their carbon emissions exceed the target.
    18. 18. Evaluation  Buying carbon credits can be incorporated as part of a larger overall plan which includes other measures to reduce carbon emissions in the long run while using carbon offset credits as a short term measure.  The school has plans in place to build only energy efficient buildings in the future. Although the increase in carbon emission will be significantly lower than if non-energy efficient buildings are constructed, buying carbon credit to offset the increase is not a long term solution as it introduces higher costs. Arts, Design and Media Building (NTU)
    20. 20. Partnerships NTU Office of Development and Facilities Management can partner with other organisations to maintain a sustainable campus  Internal - Sustainability Earth Office    Implement energy research from the Energy Research Institute @ NTU to the campus Implement water research from Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute to the campus External - Building and Construction Authority  Implement ideas from BCA‟s ZeroEnergy Building
    21. 21. Behavioural Change  The support and commitment from employees and students in school are critical to the success of the carbon-neutral target. The management team is to promote and demonstrate to staff, students and the wider community that the University has in place a progressive and comprehensive program to manage its impact upon the environment.  All stakeholders should understand the rationale and impact of the carbon-neutral initiative so as to yield better results from our projects  We can create awareness campaigns which are aimed at both staff and students. In addition, „Projects‟ which create environmental understanding throughout a student‟s pedagogical development should be included. These will have a direct carbon reduction on the operation of the university and in addition, the student will carry a strong environmental philosophy with them into future careers. Support and commitment from top management
    22. 22. Approach towards energy usage  Increase energy efficiency  Lower energy consumption  Increase renewable energy usage
    23. 23. Proposal – Increase energy efficiency • On top of continuing with the practice of purchasing energy efficient equipment, NTU should only buy post-consumer recycled paper products, including toilet paper and tissues – – The paper industry is the third greatest contributor to global warming emissions. "closed loop" recycling. Producing new paper, glass, and metal products from recycled materials saves 70% to 90% of the energy which reduces carbon emission. Stakeholder Management staff Government Interests • Reduce operating costs • Reduce resources consumed
    24. 24. Proposal – Lower energy consumption  Current Buildings  Increase air condition temperature (from 24ºC to 25ºC)  Install motion sensors to control lights and aircon   Stairwells   Classrooms Lecture Theatres „Greening‟ of roofs and facades   More plants to mitigate urban heat effect and solar hear gain of buildings Re-paint exterior with paint that reflect heat and reduce surface temperature.  E.g. Nippon‟s Solareflect Paint Stakeholder Management staff Government Interests • Reduce operating costs • Reduce resources consumed
    25. 25. Proposal – Lower energy consumption • Encourage students‟ campaigns – Campaign being created by a environmentally friendly NTU Student who has the vision to “transform grid lighting to solar lighting in Hall 2” – NTU could otherwise seek to dish out cash incentives to help to materialise these students‟ dreams of saving the environment Stakeholder Interests Management staff • Reduce operating costs Students • Opportunity to inspire change in the university
    26. 26. Proposal – Lower energy consumption  Transportation and Mobility  Encourage people to use available transports in school instead of driving  Pilot a bicycle program in school, a free bicycle rental service can be implemented to cater to the huge masses of student population. These bicycles can be stationed all around the schools with a scanning device to identify owners and ensure that there are no theft cases in schools.  Encourage car pool for people who are driving Stakeholder Interests Students • Reliable bus timings allow students to plan their travelling time more effectively • Reduce driving • Increase mobility Teaching staff • Reduce driving
    27. 27. Proposal – Lower energy consumption  Transportation and Mobility  Reduce driving by expanding and improvement of the existing shuttle bus system, perhaps by adding one or more routes with express shuttles to the other MRT stations  Change the model of current shuttle bus to hybrid models  Improving the townscapes through continued development of aspects of its campuses by improving pedestrian and cycling facilities to promote a safer and more attractive environment.  A wide range of parking incentives and restrictions will be considered to reduce emissions from commuter travel. NTU Shuttle Bus
    28. 28. Proposal – Increase renewable energy usage  Upgrade NTU electrical grid to able to use in-house energy sources  Install solar panels on roofs and facades  Collaborate with Energy Research Institute @ NTU and incorporate advanced research on solar technologies to NTU buildings Stakeholder Teaching and research staff Management staff Government Interests • Advance their research in real settings • Reduce operating costs • Reduce resources consumed
    29. 29. Initial stage of carbon-neutral future
    30. 30. Incorporation of latest technology into NTU campus
    31. 31. Proposal  Invest in energy monitoring and management system    Develop with Computer Engineering department Get better understanding of NTU‟s energy usage Publish energy consumption and carbon footprint regularly   Engage students and staff of NTU to be more proactive in achieving the target Student initiative  NTU‟s Radio Fusion can implement a radio talk show in NTU about environmental awareness
    32. 32. Recommendations: NTU Sustainable Construction Policy  Incorporate sustainability principles as a central focus during design and planning stages, paying particular attention to energy efficiency and costs in use.  Consider passive design features on all projects (e.g. orientation, glazing, insulation, natural ventilation).  When tendering for contractors and consultants, seek organizations with Environmental Management Systems in place. Environmental Management Systems
    33. 33. Recommendations: NTU Sustainable Construction Policy Apply the waste hierarchy principles throughout, including comprehensive Site Waste Management Plans (SWMP) for all projects during construction stages and provide internal recycling facilities following building completion for end users. Incorporate appropriate water saving technologies in all projects. Site Waste Management Plans
    34. 34. Proposal  Future buildings   Must attain the Platinum rating for BCA Green Mark   Environmentally-friendly construction process Maximize day lighting, Minimize solar heat gains etc Implement research on campus  ERI@N can introduce technologies developed to NTU Stakeholder Teaching Staff Management staff Government Interests • Use new buildings as platform for their research • Improve reputation of university through marketing new buildings as icons • Lower operating cost • Reduce consumption for resources
    35. 35. Conclusion Alternatives Evaluation Decision Online Learning There is minimal interaction in the learning process Continue to implement online learning for a small portion of the coursework Students do not receive a holistic education Carbon Credit Stakeholders may not feel responsible to uphold the carbonneutral target as the university can offset the carbon by buying credits Buy carbon credit as the last resort Does not solve the root problem of energy efficiency Buying carbon credit is not sustainable in the long run as NTU will face high recurring cost Proposals Increase NTU‟s energy efficiency May incur a high initial cost, but savings will help reduce operating cost in the long run Collective effort will help to raise NTU‟s status and reputation Implement the recommendations to reduce energy usage in the long-term
    36. 36. Executive Summary  NTU‟s primary goal is to reduce carbon footprint and maintain cost effectiveness while providing quality education to its students.  Extensive online learning does not achieve NTU‟s mission to prepare students for the future. Hence, it should be implemented to a limited extent.  Carbon credit does not improve the energy efficiency of NTU and will only result in high recurring cost. Hence, buying carbon credit should only be carried out as the last resort.  The three approaches of increasing energy efficiency, increasing renewable energy usage and reducing energy consumption through partnerships and involvement of all stakeholders will help NTU in achieving its carbon-neutral target in the long run.  Cost savings in the long run by reducing energy expenses will benefit students as more resources can be channelled to provide better education, facilities and welfare in future.  NTU will stand to benefit in terms of raising global reputation through this initiative.