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Metadata for architectural contents in europe
 

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  • An overview of the project and some specification .... ... we can discuss in detail during the workshop any detail of the project you may be interest in
  • THE MACE CLASSIFICATION: the vocabulary we included to index all L.O. in the databases THE MACE PORTAL: the interface between the MACE system - the classification - and the users a good “semantic web” need a very good interface design
  • Our goal is to bring these existing contents and communities together WE ARE NOT A COMPETITOR OF GOOGLE - we use different repositories
  • we start with the existing contents in the repositories - harvest the metadata into a central server based on the MACE application profile that describes which metadata we can work with, and in which format We store and process the collected metadata on ... and all this is accessible together by web services for federated search - through a unique access point - the MACE portal where we offer both a search engine for all the contents as well as widgets so on the one hand we provided the benefit of improved access and by producing additional metadata with automatic methods,by expert indexers, architectural community activities we also enrich the existing metadata and contents
  • the “domain” of this “taxonomy” is very wide and ambitious .... but ...(NEXT)
  • also the architectural domain is very vast ..... already exists standardized vocabularies for many categories or sub-domain of the architectural “general domain”
  • Reusing standards, not yet and international standard
  • but to support this “architectural-like” browsing system first of all, we need “rules” “criterions” to organize and classify all the aspects of the architectural domain for this reason we have to develop our own “rules” and “criterions”
  • create a knowledge organization system able to cover all the aspects of the architectural domain IS NOT “EASY” BECAUSE: An architectural project is a syntheses work, where different knowledge fields merge together ...
  • in this process, are involved technical aspects (...functionality goals, constructive problems, living wellness requirements, ...
  • but also, are involved, all the aspects connected to the poetic-artistic side (ideas, meaning the cultural and social message of a project) aspects that leads to the creation of the project.
  • To find a coherent strategy to approach the Knowledge organization system of such an heterogeneous subject: the various and interconnected issues have been separated and re-ordered on the basis of two possible end users’ activities
  • To support the documentation ... the classification system needs to be based on all those aspects of architecture that refers to objective data (aspects NOT influenced by architectural trends or by theoretical and personal concerns). The main challenge in this case is to develop a complete but standardized and shared taxonomy
  • More complicated to identify rules and structures to develop a taxonomy to support the Design Conception activity. This because ......
  • considering the architectural project as a “sign” featuring a “message” we can find strategies to classify the poetical artistic aspects of the matter because from this “sign” we can extract and therefore index - the “meaning” the “content” of this message that we can identify in ... from this sign we can extract - the “perception” that we have of it, his “expression” form, that again we can identify in ...
  • All these aspects and strategies, all these rules and criterions have been used to create: ...  
  • Therefore This taxonomy features categories able to decompose and classify all aspects of the architectural domain from the technological and objective side of the matter to the poetical-artistic one
  • It is composed of 6 categories
  • that group 27 sub-categories called “facets”
  • each facet contains a number of hierarchical categories, which again contain a number of terms AND SYNONYMS (important aspect to be recalled in the next days)
  • thanks to this taxonomy e.g. is possible to start a documentation work .. searching for case studies of churches ... using the term ....
  • is also possible to go deeper in the technological aspects indexing, and therefore searching and finding ... about a particular technological profile: the curtain wall
  • but moreover, is also possible to support the conceptual and creative process of the design activity for example a designer, who want to use the water metaphor in his project, searching for advices can query the system ...
  • In the same way ....
  • So - we have this fantastic data collection from various repositories Two challenges: - connect and contextualise the resources - make the data accessible
  • direct connections, indirect connections connect projects via concepts
  • Meaningful connections This is best exemplified by the interactive installation we show here at the Biennale Symbolic for MACE; makes the idea of MACE visible and tangible Based on the semantic connections between architectural contents
  • Social, collaborative interaction

Metadata for architectural contents in europe Metadata for architectural contents in europe Presentation Transcript

  • co-funded by the European Commission Massimiliano Condotta Istituto Universitario di Architettura Venezia , Italy MTWG - August 2010 - Los Angeles
  • OVERVIEW
    • Objectives and approach
    • The MACE classification
    • The MACE Portal
  • PROJECT OVERVIEW
    • M etadata for A rchitectural C ontents in E urope
    • Co–funded by the EU
      • eContentPlus program
    • September 2006 – 2009
    • Objective: create a common infrastructure for enriching and retrieving educational digital contents - about architecture - stored in European archives
  • STARTING POINT
    • Various repositories for architectural contents, but:
    • not interconnected
    • not widely known
    • no single access point
  • OBJECTIVE
    • Create a conceptual and technical infrastructure to
    • connect contents via metadata
    • connect existing communities
    • provide federated search and access
    • create a sustainable knowledge network
  • INFRASTRUCTURE OAI-PMH HARVESTED METADATA LOM CAM–RSS ATTENTION METADATA CAM DOMAIN METADATA COMPETENCE METADATA CONTEXT METADATA WEB SERVICES FEDERATED SEARCH USER MANAGE- MENT IMPROVED ACCESS INTEGRATED WIDGETS FACETED SEARCH EXPERT INDEXERS ENRICHED METADATA ARCHITECTURAL COMMUNITY AUTOMATIC METHODS MACE PORTAL
  • THE CELESTIAL EMPORIUM OF BENEVOLENT KNOWLEDGE An introduction to the MACE index taxonomy
  • An animal taxonomy from an ancient Chinese encyclopedia, the Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Knowledge
    • those that belong to the Emperor
    • those that are trained
    • fabulous ones
    • stray dogs
    • those that are included in this classification
    • innumerable ones
    • those drawn with a very fine camel's hair brush
    • others
    • those that have just broken a flower vase
    • those that resemble flies from a distance
    Jorge Luis Borges
  • THE ARCHITECTURAL DOMAIN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY CI/Sfb UNIClass EPIC MASTERFORMAT IFC ANY CHANCE? LIBRARY CATALOGUE Anglo american Cataloguing Rules 2° Ed The Dewey bDecimal Classification (DDC) BUILDING CONSTRUCTION ISO – 12006/2 ISP/PAS 12006/3 CULTURAL HERITAGE Categories for the description of work (CDWA) WRA core 4.0 Cataloguing Cultural Object (CCO) Foundation for Documents of Architecture (FDA) GLOSSARIES FOR ARTS The Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) Thesaurus of Graphic Materials (TGM) Thesaurus fo Geographic Names (TGN)
    • organize this domain
    • via a KOS that:
    HOW?
  • BE COMPLETE MACE CDWA CCO FDA AAT TGM TGN DDC CI/Sfb UNIClass EPIC MASTERFORMAT ISO – 12006/2 ISP/PAS 12006/3
  • BE TASK ORIENTED
    • Extensive use case analysis pointed out the main tasks and the information types
  • BE COGNITIVELY ADEQUATE
    • Design … is an ill defined problem …
    • Shaping the problem space and problem solving flow concurrently
  • The learner’s standpoint 10 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  • The learner’s standpoint 12 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  • The learner’s standpoint 15 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  • The learner’s standpoint 16 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  • The learner’s standpoint 17 THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE DREAM THE
  • BEING SOCIAL DIAGRAM VISIONARY PRIMITIVE FACADE LAND RELATIONAL SPACE MODEL SITUATIONALIST EXTERNAL VIEW EVENTS VOLUMETRIC VENTURI RENDER LIQUID PLASTIC TRANSPARENT STRONG DISTORTION VOIDING CONNECTING ADDING REPEATING GRID
    • to support this “architectural-like” browsing system
    • we need “rules” “criterions” to organize and classify all the aspects of the architectural domain
    • for this reason we have to develop our own “rules” and “criterions”
  • WE NEED
    • an architectural-like intuitive navigation system
    • to search and browse
    • through concepts
    • in a NON_PASSIVE way
    WE NEED
  • WE NEED MACE knowledge organization system
    • an architectural-like intuitive navigation system to search and browse
    • through conceptsin a NON_PASSIVE way
  • the architectural project
  • functionality constructive living wellness technical aspects the architectural project
  • functionality constructive living wellness ideas meaning technical aspects poetic artistic aspects metaphor
  • functionality constructive living wellness ideas meaning to develop a coherent strategy to approach the knowledge organization of such a heterogeneous subject the various issues have been separated and re-ordered on the basis of two possible end users’ activities:
  • functionality constructive living wellness ideas meaning
    • documentation and technical problem solving activity
    • of the researcher, the architect, the engineer
    • aiming to deepen descriptive aspects, or searching for documentation to approach technical problem solving
  • functionality constructive living wellness ideas meaning
    • design conception activity
    • of the designer, may he be a professional or a student; an activity influenced by theoretical and personal concerns, ideas, poetic cues.
    • Architecture and the build environment is not only the technical production of concrete “facts”, but also a
    • “ sign” featuring a message
  • meaning content perception expression symbolical contents metaphorical contents concepts project cues ... project actions ... perceptive qualities form characteristics textures colors
    • “ sign” featuring a message
  • MACE TAXONOMY
  • MACE TAXONOMY IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts
  • IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts 6 categories MACE TAXONOMY
  • IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts 27 “facets” MACE TAXONOMY
  • CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology terms 2780 base terms (translated in 4 languages) Hierarchy up to 5 At the moment: 800 synonyms
  • IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology , Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts church Ronchamp Jubilee Church Hallgrímskirkja Crystal Church
  • IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile , Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts curtain wall technical drawings details functioning theory
  • IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues , Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities, Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts “ hydra” pavilion water cube freshwater pavilion Stretto house water metaphoric reference
  • IDENTIFICATION Intervention type, Project type, Functional typology, Form typology CONTEXT Geographic context, Urban context TECHNICAL DESIGN Materials, Construction form, Building element, Technological profile, Structure profile, Systems and equipments, Technical performance, Maintenance and conservation CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Project cues, Project actions, Form characteristics, Perceptive qualities , Relation with the context CONSTRUCTING Construction management, Construction phase, Construction activity, Machinery and equipments THEORIES CONCEPTS Styles, periods and trends, Theoretical concepts Neue Nationalgalerie Das Kunstmuseum transparent Fondation Cartier IKMZ
  • INTERFACE DESIGN
  • http://portal.mace-project.eu/
  • MACE INDEXING STRATEGY
  •  
    • adding a classification term to the L.O.
    INDEXING OF CONTENTS Deconstructivist id = StylesPeriodsAndTrends2450
  •  
  • INDEXING OF CONTENTS CLASSIFICATION TERMS MACE “INTERNAL LOM MACE “ EXPANDED LOM” PORTAL QUERIES MACE PORTAL
  • “ INTERNAL” LOM “ EXPANDED LOM”
  • CONNECTING CONTENTS
    • the classification based on a standardized faceted taxonomy allows a “semantic operability” between contents
    • thanks to this “semantic operability” is possible to start a conceptual navigation between contents:
    • a navigation inside a dynamic network of mutual relations between contents
    CONCEPTUAL RELATIONS BETWEEN CONTENTS
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
    • HOW IMPROVE THIS TECHNOLOGY TO CREATE A SYSTEM THAT COULD BE USED IN SCENARIOS LINKED TO TERRITORIES TO IMPROVE
    • SOCIAL CREATIVITY and
    • KNOWLEDGE GENERATION ?
  • Massimiliano Condotta Istituto Universitario di Architettura Venezia , Italy
  • UNFOLDING VENICE: Browsing and correlation of data in tangible maps. a Venice case study
  • PROJECT OVERVIEW
    • funded by IUAV and coordinated by the IUAV Research Unit “Comunicare la conoscenza: Design dell’informazione & Nuove tecnologie per la conoscenza del territorio e dell’ambiente”
    • developed by the IUAV Research Unit, and in an accompanying course on Tangible Maps in the Interface design program at the University of Potsdam (FHP)
    • November 2009 – 2010
    • Credits: (IUAV): Massimiliano Condotta (in charge of the project), Vittorio Spigai, Luigi Di Prinzio
    • (FHP): Till Nagel, Frank Heidmann, Jula Lakritz, Nadine Patzig, Stefan Rechsteiner, Martin Schissler, and Stephan Thiel.
    • connecting contents related to geographical location;
    • a friendly and direct access to data;
    • free and flexible navigation of information;
    • relation network between notions has to be explicated in a visual ways;
    • a social system opening a space to increase the social creativity process.
    CONCEPTUAL RELATIONS BETWEEN CONTENTS IN A MULTILAYERED INFORMATION SPACE
  • AN INTERACTIVE TABLE
  • A MULTILAYERED INFORMATION SPACE
  • A TANGIBLE OBJECT TO INTERACT WITH THE SYSTEM
  • VISUALIZATION OF INFORMATION
  •  
  • THE CONCEPTUAL CATEGORIES USED
  • THE SELECTION OF INVOLVED TERMS
  • THANKS! Q? A!