Connecting Indegenous Knowledge to Global Society : Multilingual Development of TELDAP

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Sherry Chen & Chiung-min Tsai …

Sherry Chen & Chiung-min Tsai

Research Center for Digital Humanities
National Taiwan University

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  • 1. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NAL N Connecting Indigenous Knowledge to Global Society: N N Multilingual Development of TELDAP Sherry Chen & Chiung-min Tsai RY RY Research Center for Digital Humanities National Taiwan University 20 Febuary2009 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 1
  • 2. Structure of Talk NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR 1. All Possible Words: NAL NAL Creating Controlled Vocabulary to Enhance the Multilingual Development of TELDAP N N 2. Materiality, Representation, and Imagination: Applying AAT to create satellite thesaurus from NTU Anthropology Collection RY RY 3. la rosa dei nomi: Finding Other Ever Used Names of Flora in Taiwan 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 2
  • 3. All Possible Words: NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL NAL Creating Multilingual Controlled Vocabulary for TELDAP All Possible Words for the Best of All Possible Worlds ? Worlds*? N N RY R * Referring to German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz ‘Since God could only choose the best, our world is ‘the best of all possible worlds worlds’ 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 3
  • 4. International Collaboration and Promotion of NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Project e- Aiming to broaden global access to Taiwan NAL NAL digital archives and to enhance international cooperation, working on N N 1. Multilingual Development of Taiwan Digital Archives 2. Portal Service, Digital Taiwan – Culture & Nature RY RY 3. International Digital Content Integration and Cooperation 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 4
  • 5. International Collaboration and Promotion of NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Project e- http://culture.teldap.tw/culture NAL NAL N N RY R 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 5
  • 6. Multilingual Development of Taiwan NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NAL NAL Digital Archives -- Goals To provide quality multilingual contents for international cooperation N N To broaden public access and to promote Taiwan heritage worldwide RY RY 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 6
  • 7. Multilingual Development of Taiwan NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Digital Archives-- Roadmap Archives-- 1. Multiple Language Translation for Taiwan NAL NAL Heritage Highlights: Inventorying TELDAP collections, items and N N other resources (2007-2008) Identifying multilingual content development related SOP, thesaurus, and schemas (2007- 2008) ) RY RY Translating selected contents into different languages for TELDAP(2007-2011) g g ( ) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 7
  • 8. Multilingual Development of Taiwan NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Digital Archives-- Roadmap Archives-- 2. Implementation of Multilingual Catalogue NAL NAL for TELDAP: Identifying collection level description and item N N level metadata schema (2007-2008) Piloting prototype of multilingual catalogue (2008-2009) Creating user friendly multilingual catalogue user-friendly RY RY applications (2010-2012) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 8
  • 9. Building TELDAP Chinese-English Term List NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Source 1 Source 2 1 2 NAL NAL Extracting Collecting N N Identifying 3 Identifying 4 Compiling RY RY 5 Mapping 6 Analysis 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 9
  • 10. Building TELDAP Chinese-English Term List NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR 1. Extracting terms from NDAP existed term list NAL NAL 2. Collecting terms from TELDAP Digital Resources N N 3. Identify Chinese term list 4. Mapping English terms with authority references 4 M i E li h t ith th it f 5Compiling 5Compiling TELDAP Chinese-English term list . Chinese English RY RY 6. Analysis 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 10
  • 11. Building TELDAP Chinese-English Term List Chinese- NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY Step1:Extracting terms from NDAP existed term list NAL NAL N N RY R NDAP Chinese-English Vocabulary Searching System http://www.ndap.org.tw/~online_dic/index.php p p g p p Total 10,21 terms, but only 8038 useable 5 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 11
  • 12. Building TELDAP Chinese-English Term List Chinese- NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Step2:Collecting terms from TELDAP Digital NAL NAL Resources R Inventory all digital resources TELDAP has produced N N including project websites, databases and other resources 41 websites in total to be checked 5 Manually collecting terms by two working groups RY RY One finished 209 websites, the other finished 206 websites Cross-checking each g p findings g group’s g 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 12
  • 13. Building TELDAP Chinese-English Term List Chinese- NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Step3:Identify Chinese term list NAL NAL Choice of terms: N N Single concept單一概念詞 Nouns名詞( language difference ) Neutral中性詞 Subjectivity自稱詞 Warrant 優選詞 RY RY 49,176 terms were identified 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 13
  • 14. Building TELDAP Chinese-English Term List Chinese- NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Step4:Mapping terms with authority references NAL NAL 5,211 terms (composed of two sources) for mapping 7 into English N N Manually found those terms in English from M ll f d th t i E li h f authority resources: Printed reference books from libraries Web-based resources such as Britannica Concise Encyclopedia、中國 大百科全書、學術名詞資訊網、臺灣文學辭典、辭書資訊網、台灣簡明 百科、台灣大百科全書、佛門辭典、榮陽數位化醫學辭典、內政部線上 RY RY 地名譯寫系統、行政院研考會雙語詞彙資料庫、陸委會中英譯詞彙對照 手冊、國家圖書館拼音查詢系統等。 Worked d W k d and cross-checked by two groups h k db t 2,70 terms return with Chinese-English 55 Less than5 % entries ( 0% (address later) ) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 14
  • 15. Building TELDAP Chinese-English Term List Chinese- NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Step5:Compiling TELDAP Chinese-English term list NAL NAL Worked and cross-checked by two groups 2,70 Chinese-English terms returned 55 N N Step6:Analysis of Term List Organizing terms to decide Preferred terms , and RY RY Synonyms English and Chinese both Used in most sources as preferred term 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 15
  • 16. Terms Preferred Terms  大白鷺 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR (Chinese) NAL NAL Synonyms 東方白鷺 (Chinese) 中大鷺 N N 白莊 雪客 白漂鳥 g ( ) Preferred Terms  Great White Egret (Common Name) RY RY (English) Missing link? Synonyms Casmerodius albus(Scientific Name) (English) Egretta alba homograph 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 16
  • 17. Terms Preferred Terms  黃鐵礦 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR (Chinese) NAL NAL Synonyms 愚人金 (Chinese) N N Preferred Terms  Pyrite y RY RY (English) Synonyms Fool’s Gold (English) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 17
  • 18. Terms Preferred Terms  青銅器 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR (Chinese) NAL NAL Synonyms 青銅 (Chinese) 銅器 N N Preferred Terms  Bronze RY RY (English) Synonyms Bronzeware (English) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 18
  • 19. Terms Preferred Terms  蔣介石 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR (Chinese) NAL NAL Synonyms 蔣中正 (Chinese) N N Preferred Terms  Chiang Kai‐shek g RY RY (English) Synonyms Chiang Chieh‐shih (English) Jiang Jieshi 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 19
  • 20. Terms Preferred Terms  國立臺灣大學 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR (Chinese) NAL NAL Synonyms 臺大 (Chinese) 臺灣大學 N N 臺北帝國大學 Preferred Terms  National  Taiwan University y RY RY (English) Synonyms NTU (English) Taihoku Imperial University (Japanese) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 20
  • 21. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Homograph g p Chinese English terms Notes term Used by TELDAP y NAL NAL 文物 cultural relic 中研院史語所精選文物 Wen‐wu Selected Cultural Relics from the Institute of  History and Philology, Academia Sinica Hi t d Phil l A d i Si i N N excavation 中研院史語所蒐集特殊典藏,包括殷墟考古出 土文物。 Significant collections by the Institute of History  a d and Philology, Academia Sinica, including the  o ogy, cade a S ca, c ud g t e RY RY archaeological excavation from the Yin Ruins.  http://museum.sinica.edu.tw/ch/index‐c.htm artifacts Artifacts of president Chiang Ching‐Kuo 蔣經國總統文物 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 21
  • 22. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Compound vs. Bond Terms p Chinese English  Notes (AAT) NAL NAL N N 彩陶 Faience  faience (ancient objects) (preferred) tsai‐tao Egyptian faience  彩色陶器 faience (earthenware) (preferred)   faïence (earthenware)  fayence RY RY Painted Pottery Yangshao (preferred)   Painted Pottery (period)  Painted Pottery (period) 彩陶文化 Yang‐shao 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 22
  • 23. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Language Problem? g g Differences between Chinese and NAL NAL English Words or phases N N Adjectives Ambiguity g y Pottery Porcelain, RY RY Earthenware Stoneware Ceramics =>They all could be 陶瓷 in Chinese 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 23
  • 24. Materiality, Representation & Imagination: NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NAL NAL Applying AAT to Build Thesaurus for Anthropology Collection A l i t B ild Th f A th l C ll ti Materiality, representation, and imagination are not separate worlds worlds. N N David H D id Harvey(1996, p.323) (1996 323) RY RY Harvey, D., 1996, Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference, Oxford: Blackwell 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 24
  • 25. 25 indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) Service Provider Digital Ar rchives Project o NTU on Techn of nical Supports an Services nd Anthropology Collection of NTU Digital Archives Digital Ar rchives Project o NTU on the Mu of useum of Zoolog gy National Digital Archives Program Office Of National Taiwan University Digital Archives Project Digital Ar rchives Project o NTU on the An of nthropological C Collections Connecting Content Providers Digital Ar rchives Project o NTU on the Ge of eosciences Colle ections Digital Ar rchives Project o NTU on the Ins of sect Museum Digital Ar rchives Project o NTU on TAI He of erbarium Digital Ar rchives Project o NTU on Taiwan Historical Collections of 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NAL NAL N N RY RY
  • 26. NDAP NTU Digital Archives Project NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR http://darc.ntu.edu.tw http://darc ntu edu tw The ONLY one providing both research and education functions among the NDAP institutional projects NAL NAL Total quantity – over 100,000 items (appr. 5TB), 100,000 Metadata, 391 3-D images,20 panorama images and 1,000 flash files. Taiwan Historical Collections Geosciences Collections T i Hi t i l C ll ti N N • Tan-Hsin-Tang-An (8,958) • Minerals (584) • Taiwan Cultural Relic Rubbing (189) • Rocks (450) ( ) • Ino Kanori Manuscripts (2,539) • Fossil (313) Botanical Collections Anthropological Collections • Type Specimen (1 055) (1,055) RY RY • Artifacts and photos of the • documents of Type Specimen (700) Indigenous groups(2,531) • General Specimen (43,687) • Photos and documents of • Flora of Taiwan vol 1-6 vol.1-6 Archeological sites(2,735) g ( , ) Entomological Collections Zoological Collections • Type Specimen (1239) • Amphibians (33) • Common insect species (618) • Birds (550) • Photo Collections (401) • Mammals (83) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 26
  • 27. 27 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R
  • 28. 28 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R
  • 29. 29 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R
  • 30. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL NAL N N RY R Exhibition Room 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge 30 (Chiung-min Tsai)
  • 31. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR An Overview Focusing on “the material culture of NAL NAL indigenous people in Taiwanese,” mainly from the 1920’s to the early 1960’s N N Over 3,000 individual items in the collection that are categorized with ethnic g groups to detail the distinguishing characteristics of indigenous people’s g p p RY RY material culture Each item is illustrated by its function, material used, processing technique, measurement, and other formal description 2009/2/20 including color, shape and pattern. Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 31
  • 32. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Fields of metadata 標本名稱 title NAL NAL 原名 original title 標本編號 code N N 族群分類 ethnic group 功能分類 function RY RY 材質分類 material 技術分類 技術分類technique q 尺寸測量 measurement 標本說明 description 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 32
  • 33. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Controlled Vocabulary Indexing y g Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) ( ) NAL NAL a web-based digital resources for visual arts and architectures N N multi-concept heading thesaurus immediate application for indexing our Chinese-English controlled vocabulary RY RY 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 33
  • 34. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Matching Game? NTU Title Term AAT Term Mapping NAL NAL 笛Flutes Flutes Exactly 禮刀Ceremonial Knives Ceremonial Knives Exactly N N 巫珠Glass Bead for 巫珠 Divination objects Not exactly Divination 珠衣 Beaded Clothing Clothing Not Exactly 鋤刀Hoes Hoes Exactly 陶壺Pottery y Pottery (object g y( j genre) Exactly ) y RY RY 足踝飾 Ankle Ornaments Exactly Ankle Ornaments Anklets (preferred) (p ) But not preferred term p 馘首成功標幟Ritual Not found Not in Getty AAT Object for Successful Headhunting 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge 34 (Chiung-min Tsai)
  • 35. Ritual Object for Successful Headhunting NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 35
  • 36. 36 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) Title: Wreath 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R
  • 37. Title: Wreath(頭環) Wreath(頭環) NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR 原始描述 材質分類 技術分類 尺寸測量 標本說明 Original NAL NAL material technique measurement description record N N annular Linen, Linen 環狀頭飾,以黃、 Cotton, 桃紅、黑、白色線 zigzags Fiber & 交叉纏繞布條圈輪, Leather RY RY 表面呈現出鮮豔有 strengthening 秩序感的黃底紅黑 絲製輪狀.圈 色鋸齒狀花紋。頭 輪形.捲了紅 環一端纏有一圈紅 絨、黑、白、 絨 黑 白 麻棉纖維 直徑22.5公 絨線做為裝飾。應 黃線做出花 類、毛皮 分,圈輪厚 該是婚禮盛裝時配 紋.經22.5cm. 類 纏繞 3公分 戴的頭飾。 輪厚3cm. 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge 37 (Chiung-min Tsai)
  • 38. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Title Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Objects Facet .... Furnishings and Equipment N N ........ C t Costume (Hi (Hierarchy Name) h N ) ............ costume (mode of fashion) ................ <costume accessories> .................... <costume accessories worn> ........................ <accessories worn on the head> ............................ wreaths (costume accessories) ( ) RY RY 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 38
  • 39. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Material Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Materials Facet .... Materials ........ materials N N ............ <materials by form> ................ <materials by physical form> .................... <fiber and fiber products> p ........................ <fiber products> ............................ <textile materials> ................................ <textile materials by composition> RY RY .................................... cotton (textile) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 39
  • 40. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY Field: Technique q Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Activities Facet .... Processes and Techniques ........ <processes and techniques> ............ <processes and techniques by specific type> N N ................ stabilizing .................... strengthening RY R 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 40
  • 41. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Description p Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Physical Attributes Facet .... Attributes and Properties ........ <attributes and properties> p p N N ............ <attributes and properties by specific type> ................ <form attributes> .................... shape (form attribute) p ( ) ........................ annular RY RY 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 41
  • 42. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Description p Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Physical Attributes Facet .... Design Elements ........ <design elements design elements> N N ............ patterns (design elements) ................ <patterns by specific type> .................... geometric patterns ........................ zigzags RY RY 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 42
  • 43. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R Title: Wood Statue 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 43
  • 44. Title: Wood Statue(木雕人像) Statue(木雕人像) NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR 材質分類 技術分類 尺寸測量 標本說明 原始描述 Material Technique Measurement Description Original  Original NAL NAL record figurine g N N 伊能採集的這些木雕 彩繪人像,雕刻風格 和裝飾表現相當特殊。 原始記錄記載這些是 Han style 雕像是漢式神像,但 由其裝飾風格和雕刻 RY RY 手法來看,推測應該 手法來看 推測應該 是少見的平埔立雕人 像。不過,由於資料 有限,還無法肯定雕 木雕,彩色 有限 還無法肯定雕 木雕 彩色 ancestor wood carving 刻的人物究竟是平埔 漢式神像 高19.4公分 祖先像,或是仿漢式 高19.4公分 木器 雕刻 寬8 3公分 寬8.3公分 的神像。 的神像 寬8.3公分 寬8 3公分 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge 44 (Chiung-min Tsai)
  • 45. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Title Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Objects Facet Obj t F t .... Visual and Verbal Communication ........ Visual Works (Hierarchy Name) N N ............ <visual works (Guide Term)> ................ <visual works by medium or technique> .................... sculpture (visual work) RY RY 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 45
  • 46. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Material Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Materials F M t i l Facet t .... Materials ........ materials N N ............ <materials by origin> ................ <biological material> .................... plant material ........................ <wood and wood products> RY RY ............................ wood (plant material) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 46
  • 47. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Technique q Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Activities Facet .... Processes and Techniques N N ........ < <processes and techniques> dt h i > ............ <processes and techniques by specific type> ................ <subtractive processes and techniques> .................... <carving and carving techniques> ........................ carving (processes) RY RY 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 47
  • 48. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Description p Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Objects F Obj t Facet t .... Visual and Verbal Communication ........ Visual Works (Hierarchy Name) N N ............ <visual works (Guide Term)> ................ <visual works by medium or technique> .................... sculpture (visual work) ........................ <sculpture by subject type> RY RY ............................ statues ................................ figurines 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 48
  • 49. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Field: Description p Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Styles and Periods Facet .... Styles and Periods N N ........ < t l and periods by region> <styles d i d b i > ............ Asian ................ East Asian .................... Chinese ........................ <Chinese styles and periods> ............................ <Chinese dynastic styles and periods> y y RY RY ................................ Han (Chinese) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 49
  • 50. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY Field: Description p Hierarchical Position: NAL NAL Agents Facet .... People N N ........ people (agents) l ( t ) ............ <people by family relationship> ................ ancestors RY R 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 5 0
  • 51. Cataloging (I) g g() Value can (mostly )be derived from Getty AAT  NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR 標本名稱 title Objects Facet  NAL NAL 原名 original title Not applied  標本編號 code Not applied  Not applied N N 族群分類 ethnic group Not applied, as descriptor maybe  功能分類 function Value can be derived from Getty AAT Objects  Facet  Value can be derived from Getty AAT Materials  Value can be derived from Getty AAT Materials RY RY 材質分類 material Facet  技術分類technique Value can be derived from Getty AAT Activities  Facet 尺寸測量 measurement Not applied  Value can be derived from Getty AAT Facets  標本說明 description (Physical Attributes, Agents, Styles and Periods),  2009/2/20 but not comprehensive  Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 5 1
  • 52. Cataloging (II) NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR 細部件數 segments Not applied  NAL NAL 標本狀況 condition Not applied  社名 tribe name tribe name Not applied  Not applied N N 地區 location Not applied  現行政區 present location Not applied  採集地 collecting place collecting place Not applied  Not applied RY RY 採集者 collector Not applied  取得方式 acquisition way Not applied  取得地 acquisition place acquisition place Not applied  Not applied 入藏時間 acquisition date indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 2009/2/20 Connecting Not applied  5 2
  • 53. la rosa dei nomi*: NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Finding Other Ever Used Names of Flora in Taiwan "Yesterday's rose endures in its name, we hold empty names. ** names “** NAL NAL The Name of the Rose, Umberto Eco " Where’s in a name? that which we call a rose N N By any other name would smell as sweet." William Shakespeare "Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose." *** Gertrude Stein RY RY * Referring to documentary of the filmmakers, writer Umberto Eco, and Jean-Jacques Annaud, the director of a film based on one of Eco's more popular books Il nome della rosa ** Eco quotes one Medieval variant verbatim,"Now where is verbatim "Now Regulus, or Romulus, or Remus? Yesterday's Rome stands only in name, we hold empty names.“ *** All of these quotations reflect a postmodern ideal that " q p books always speak of other books, and every story tells a story that has already been told." 2009/2/20 2009/3/16 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 5 3
  • 54. An On-line Resource of Taiwan Plant Names NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Estimated more than 4300 (species) vascular NAL NAL plants in Taiwan Different names have been used since the first N N plant collected by Fortune in 1854 Scientific names, authorities common names names authorities, names, ethnographic names, references, specimen images, distribution maps RY RY (Dicotyledon) 37 families, 1027 species, 4000 records (Monocotyledon) 39 families, 953 species, 3000 recordsd 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 5 4
  • 55. 5 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R
  • 56. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Presl. Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Presl., Prinoz. Rostlin 2: 47, 1825; ( (scientific name; reference) ) NAL NAL Liu & Liao, Dendr. Taiwan 312, 1980(first reference used in Taiwan) Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Nees & Eberm. var. hosyo ( (Hatusima) Liao, Quart. J. Chin. For. 11(3): 83, 1978 ( y ) ( ) (synonym) y ) N N Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Nees & Eberm. var. nominale Hayata subvar. hosyo Hatusima, Biol. Mag. Okinawa 9: 13, 1972(synonym) Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Nees & Eberm.; Matsum. & Hayata, Enum. Pl. Formos. : 349, 1906 (synonym) Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Sieb; Kanehira, Formos. Trees ed. RY RY 201. f. 148, 201 f 148 1936 (synonym) 英文俗名(English):Camphor tree, Camphor wood 其他中文俗名(Chinese):樟、鳥樟、山鳥樟、栳樟、芳樟 日文俗名(Japanese):くすのき 日文俗名( ) 台語俗名(Hokenese):Chiun á、Chiun、Pún chiun 客語俗名(Hakkanese):Dròng shu2、Zóng su 原民語俗名(Aborigines):Sakkusi (Atayal)、Rakunusu (Ami) 、 Rakumusu (Gaogan) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 5 6
  • 57. 7 5 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) Camphor 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R
  • 58. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Prunus campanulata Maxim. p Prunus campanulata Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersb. 29(1): 103. 1883; (scientific name; reference) ( ) ;( ; ) NAL NAL Matsum. & Hayata, Enum. Pl. Formos. 117. 1906. (first reference used in Taiwan) Prunus cerasoides auct. non D. Don: Koidz., Bot. Mag. Tokyo N N 23: 181. 1909. (synonym; first reference used in Taiwan) Prunus cerasoides D. Don var. campanulata (Maxim.) Koidz., 34(2): 264. f.2. 1913. (synonym) ( ) ( y y ) Cerasus campanulata (Maxim.) Yu & Li, Fl. Reip. Pop. Sin. 38: 78. 1986 (synonum) 英文俗名(English) Red 英文俗名(English):Red cherry RY RY 其他中文俗名(Chinese):山櫻桃、福建山櫻花、緋寒櫻、緋櫻 日文俗名(Japanese):ひざくら, べにざくら 台語俗名(Hokenese):Yiang hue 原民語俗名(Aborigines): Kazimu hu (Atayal), Sinegiru (Atayal), Tyoisu (Paiwan) 2009/2/20 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 5 8
  • 59. 9 5 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) Cherry y 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL NAL N N RY R
  • 60. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Learning from AAT g Fundamental, high-level categories NAL NAL Synthesized, multi concept Synthesized multi-concept heading N N Guidelines and workflows RY RY Sophisticated system for data management t 2009/2/20 2009/3/16 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 60
  • 61. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR Future work Getty AAT may help us NAL NAL applying Chinese-English controlled vocabulary to Create multilingual N N catalog of TELDAP and to broaden global access improving the data quality RY RY integration of multilingual thesaurus into search process / interface (ultimately) 2009/2/20 2009/3/16 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 61
  • 62. NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR More Work Ahead? Expanding our mapping source from NAL NAL reference books to textbook or other academic sources N N Only less than 50% Chinese terms we identified are successfully mapping into English terms y pp g g Participation of scholars from each discipline Creating relations and hierarchies RY RY among terms Labor intensive and Capital intensive ( Human Capital Included) 2009/2/20 2009/3/16 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) 62
  • 63. 63 Connecting indigenous knowledge (Chiung-min Tsai) Thank you 2009/2/20 NATION TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRAR NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY NAL N N N RY R