Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Chinese AAT Project progress updated
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Chinese AAT Project progress updated

  • 529 views
Published

Sophy Shu-Jiun Chen …

Sophy Shu-Jiun Chen
Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program

2009.02.20

Published in Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
529
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Chinese AAT Project progress updated Sophy Shu-Jiun Chen Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program 2009.02.20 Workshop on AAT in Chinese
  • 2. Chinese AAT Project Objectives • Identifying different levels of terminology equivalence and adding new terms into AAT • Establish a workable methodology of multilingual thesaurus for TELDAP • Fundamental research on multilingual information retrieval of digital libraries
  • 3. Feasibility Study and Visiting Getty Research Institute • A week-long (12-20 July, 2008) visit to the Getty Research Institute for a series of working meetings and presentations organized by the Getty Vocabulary Program. • Discussion includes: focuses, scope, methodology, agenda of the collaboration project and also its technical and licensing issues
  • 4. Feasibility Study and Visiting Getty Research Institute • The parties reached an agreement in principle on the following: – the Getty Research Institute and the Taiwan e- Learning and Digital Archives Program agree to pursue future collaborative projects, including the development of a Chinese version of the Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT); – the Getty Research Institute agreed to provide the latest version of the AAT data to the Taiwan e- Learning and Digital Archives Program for preliminary testing; and – the Getty Research Institute agrees to have the Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program translate several GRI publications relating to standards for digital libraries, including Introduction to Metadata, Introduction to Imaging, and Introduction to
  • 5. Chinese AAT Project August 2008~February 2009 • An Inter-division Project – Program Office – Taiwan Digital Archives Expansion Project (1st Division) – Research and Development for Digital Archives and e-Learning Technologies Project (2nd Division) – Core Platforms for Digital Contents Project (3rd Division) – International Collaboration and Promotion of Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Project (8th Division) • Interdisciplinary scholars and experts – Library Science, Museum Studies – Information Science (Chinese Language Processing, Lexical Semantics, Lexical Knowledge Representation) – Art History – Translation studies – more to come…
  • 6. Chinese AAT Project August 2008~February 2009 • Setup Task Forces – Equivalence Mapping Task Force • more than 60 terms have been identified • Shueh-hua Chen & Sophy Shu-jiun, “Analysis of Multilingual Equivalence Mapping for Knowledge Organization Systems”, February 24 2009. – Translation Task Force • more than 3000 terms has been translated into Chinese language • Ching-Ju Cheng & Sophy Shu-jiun Chen, “AAT Translation Assessment Process” – Thesaurus System Task Force • authoring Tool of AAT • more than 570 terms in Chinese AAT System • Arthur Ya-ning Chen & Feng-chien Chung, “The collaboration in establishing Chinese AAT system for bilingual thesaurus services” • Shih Lin, “Authoring Tool of AAT with DADT”
  • 7. Equivalence Mapping Task Force • Identify degrees of equivalence • Identify similarity of conceptual structure • Select 60 controlled vocabularies from NPM (Department of Antiquities) - Metadata Specification for AAT equivalence mapping purpose, all facets included, except for Associated Concepts facet.
  • 8. Example of Selected Terms Selected terms of TELDAP AAT FACET and Hierarchy ¥þ¾¹§Î¨î¡Ð´Óª« ½- G¦ ¸¬Äª PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES FACET §Î Attributed and Properties ¥þ¾¹§Î¨î¡Ð´X¦ó - ± ¤T¨¤§Î Hierarchy §½³¡ Ψî ÐÀV ªøÀV ¯¾¹¢¡Ð´X¦ó p¯¾¡Ð ¶³¹p¯¾ PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES FACET ¯¾¹¢¡Ð´X¦ó ÂIª¬¯¾¡Ð ¨Å¤B¯¾ Design Elements Hierarchy motifs ½`¨t¡Ð ©ú¥N©x½`¨t STYLES AND PERIODS FACET ½`¨t¡Ð ´º¼wÂí½`¨t Styles and Periods Hierarchy ½`¨t¡Ð ©w½`¨t <Chinese ceramics styles> ¦Ò¥j¾Ç¤å Æ¡Ð ¥õ»à¤å Æ STYLES AND PERIODS FACET ¦Ò¥j¾Ç¤å Æ¡Ð ¨}²Z¤å Æ Styles and Periods Hierarchy <Chinese Neolithic periods> ¯¾¹¢¡Ð¤Hª«¡Ð®c§Ê¤Hª«¡Ð ¦Z m AGENTS FACET ¯¾¹¢¡Ð¤Hª«¡Ð¦ò¹D¤Hª«¡Ð À±°Ç¦ò People Hierarchy religious (people)
  • 9. Methodology Data Collection • Three types of data collection – Mapping analysis logs from participants & myself (60 terms, 143 logs) – Mapping analysis workshops (5 workshops) – Email communications with maintainers of the term schemes
  • 10. Data Collection Recruiting Participants ¹ê§@ TELDAP©ÒÄÝ-pµe ¹êÅçªÌ¾Ç¬ì-I´º ¹ê§@ TELDAPpeu -ÝÄÒ© µ ¤öÃÛ¬]¡ Iº´ -ì¬Ç¾ÌªçÅê¹ ªÌ¥N ¡]¬ÛÃö¤u§@¥ô°È¡^ ªÌ¥N §@¥ô°È¡^ ½X ½X A -pµe¿ì¤½«Ç ¾ú¥vÇ ¡B³Õª«À] ¾Ç C Ppe »ÃÂå¨ì¦Æ¼ -µ±ô¾ß²Ç ì¦Æ¼ µ ¦a²z¾Ç¡B ¼Æ¦ì¥Xª© B ©Ý®i»OÆW¼Æ¦ì¨åÂÃ-p ¬ü³N¾Ç¡B ÃÀ³N¾Ç D peÇ«½¤ì¿ - µ ¾ú¥vÇ¡B ³Õª«À]¾Ç µe E iOpe ®Ý© » -ÃÂå¨ì¦Æ¼W µ ¤å¡B ×½z²Ç¾å¤ F iOpe ®Ý© » -ÃÂå¨ì¦Æ¼W µ TǾ °ê¸Ñ®Ï¹ G NoPpeá«Ð¡ ³Þ§ì¦Æ¼ µã¬ » -X¦ã¾ µ BǾ]À«ªÕ³ ¡Ç¾v¥ú cP¤¶Î¹¥³À º[¬Æ®ê¸]³ » A total of 12 people, H NoPpeá«Ð¡ ³Þ§ì¦Æ¼ µã¬ » -X¦ã¾ µ ¸ê°TºÞ²z including 11 participants cP¤¶Î¹¥³À º[¬Æ®ê¸]³ » from related Divisions of I peÇ«½¤ì¿ - µ ¹q¼v¾Ç¡B ¹q¼v»s§@ J Pi[º »ÃÂå¨ì¦Æ¼ ®À±~¥ü §¤ß²Ç¾ TǾ °ê¸Ñ®Ï¹ TELDAP, contribute pePº¤ -@§X¦Ú»ê° µ »ý¿Ø¥ÃÂå¨Ð¡ ehype ® ¦ » -Ƥ µ in the data collection K Pi[º »ÃÂå¨ì¦Æ¼ ®À±~¥ü §¤ß²Ç¾ TǾ °ê¸Ñ®Ï¹ process pePº¤ -@§X¦Ú»ê° µ »ý¿Ø¥ÃÂå¨Ð¡ ehype ® ¦ » -Ƥ µ L peÇ«½¤ì¿ - µ TǾ °ê¸Ñ®Ï¹
  • 11. Data Collection Participants Orientation -º¥ý¬ã¨sªÌ¥ýÁ|¦æ²Ä¤@ ¸ u§@ {¡A¥Øªº¬O¬°©Ò¦³¹êÅçªÌ¶i¦æ¹ê§@«e ªº½Òµ{°V m¡A¥HÅý¨ä¤F¸Ñ¦p¦ó¶i¦æ ¹¶µ ê§@¥ô°È¡C½Ò { V mªº¤ ®e ¥]¬A¡G ¡· AAT¬[ºc ¡· TELDAP±¨îµü·J ¡· TELDAPÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý ¡· TELDAP¡Ð AATµü·Jµ¥¦PÃö«Y¹ê§@¤Î½d¨Ò The first session of the workshop serves as orientation training to help participants familiarized with the task at hand. ¡· The infrastructure of AAT ¡· Controlled vocabularies of TELDAP ¡· Union Catalog of Digital Archives, Taiwan ¡· TELDAP¡Ð AAT equivalence mapping analysis
  • 12. Data Collection Logs Mapping Analysis ¹êÅçªÌ³Q-n¨D¬°¨C-Ó¹ê§@ªºµü·J O¸ü¤@¥÷¹ê§ °O¿ý¡A¤º®e¥]¬A¡G ¡· µü·J§¹¦¨«©w¥ô°Èªº®É¶¡ø× ¡· µü·J¦b TELDAPÁp¦X¥Ø¿ýµ§¼Æ¤ÎÀÃþ ¡· µü·J¦b TELDAPÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý²{ªºÄæì ¡· µü·Jªº-^Ķ¤Î°Ñ¦Ò® ¥Ø ¡· µü·J¦b AATªº¼h-± ¡· µ¥¦PÃö«Yµü·J¹ï·Ó ¡· µü·J¹ê§@ªº¨BÆJ»P¹ï·Ó¤ÀªR¾úµ{ Participants are required to document details of equivalence mapping procedures , including¡G ¡· Duration to completing the task ¡· Search results and classification in Union Catalog ¡· English translation and references ¡· The hierarchical position of the term in AAT ¡· Equivalence mapping ¡· Mapping analysis logs
  • 13. Types of Possible Matches 1-1 Exact Equivalence 1-2 Exact Equivalence (Cross Ref.) 2-1 Inexact Equivalence 3-1 Partial Equivalence (genus-species relationship…Superordination) 3-2 Partial Equivalence (species-genus relationship…Subordination) 4-1 Single-to-multiple Equivalence 5-1 Non-equivalence (culture-dependent) 5-2 Non-equivalence (beyond scope)
  • 14. An Example of Mapping Analysis Log µü·J 1¡D³z©ú¹V ¹ê§@ªÌ ¡G C ¹ê§@¤é´Á 2009/01/06 §¹¦¨«ü©wµü·J®É¶¡ªø«× 2hrs Date Duration I¡Dµü·J¨Ó½ ¡u¬G®c¾¹ª«¼Æ¦ì¨åÂäl-pµe«á³]¸ê®Æ»Ý¨D³W®æ Ñ version 1.2¡v-¶ 19‐20¡A¡uÃþ§O¡Ð Source 釉色-單色釉」 II¡Dµü·J¡u³z©ú¹V¡v¦bÁpX¥Ø¿ýµ§¼Æ /¤ÀÃþ 1¡D¡u ³z©ú¹V v@¦A¡ ¡ 127µ§²Å¦X¸ê®Æ¡A¥{©ó metadata¤¤ªº¡u´y-z¡vÄæ¦ì¡A¨£©ó¥v³ÕÀ] &¬G®cÂë~ III¡Dµü·J¡u³z©ú¹V¡v¦bÁpX¥Ø¿ý²{ªºÄæì 1¡Du³z©ú¹V¡v : ·s»D (1) / ¼v-µ (1) / ¾¹ª« (126) IV¡Dµü·J¡u³z©ú¹V¡vªº-^Ķ¤Î°Ñ¦Ò®¥Ø : clear glaze 1¡D [clear glaze ; transparent glaze]¡A¡m³z©ú¹V¡B¨Å¿µL¥·§ ½×¡n¡A«À¤¯¼e°Æ¬ã¨s-û¡A°ê¥ß xÆW ¤uÃÀ¬ã¨s©Ò Åaºq§Þ³N»²¾É¤ ß¡A http://www2.ntcri.gov.tw/cb/cb01/upload/upfile/TF0017.pdf 2¡D [transparent glaze]¡A¡m ¾G©M¤U¦è¬v»P«Cªá ¡n¡A q¬ö©À¾G M¤U¦è v¤»¦Ê¶g¦~°ê»Ú¾Ç³N¬ã Q·|¡r¡] 2005.7.4-6, «n¨Ê¡^A«e¥xÆWºî¦X¬ã¨s°|©ÒªøÀs§ø-Ù V¡Dµü·J¡u³z©ú¹V¡v¦b AATªº¼h-±¡B¯Å»Pµ¥¦PÃö«Yµü·J¡G §¹¥þµ¦PÃö«Y Exact Equivalence AAT TELDAP clear glaze ³z©ú¹V
  • 15. Data Collection Workshops Mapping Analysis All participants have attended 5 workshops to discuss each mapping analysis ¡· Confirmation/rejection of equivalence mapping types ¡· Related issues ¡· Problems encountered in mapping terminologies
  • 16. Data Analysis ¦b½d³ò¤W¡A¥»¬ã¨sªº¤À R¤u§@¥i¤À¨â-Ó³¡ ¡· ²Ä¤@³¡À¥Øªº¬O-nÃѧO TELDAP»P AATµü·J¤§¶¡ªºµ¥¦PÃö«Y¤§ ¤Ç°tÃþ«¬¡C¥D-n¤u§@¥]¬A¡G - ½T»{ TELDAP-^Ķµü·J - §PÂ_»P½T»{¦¹µü·J¦b AAT¥i¯àªºµ¥¦P·§©À¤µüJ (concept-based) - ½á¤©µ¥¦PÃö«Yªº¤Ç°tÃþ«¬ ¡· ²Ä¤G³¡¤ÀA¬OÆ[¹î»P§PÂ_¤G-Ó¨·½µüJ¦b TELDAP»P AAT ·§©Àµ²ºcªº²§¦P©Ê¡C The data analysis can be divided into two parts ¡· Part 1, identify types of possible matches of terms between TELDAP and AAT, which includes¡G - Confirm English translation of the term in TELDAP - Identify types of possible matches (concept-based) - Confirm types of equivalence matches ¡· Part 2, identification of similar types of conceptual structures between TELDAP and AAT
  • 17. Preliminary Findings Frequencies of equivalence mapping types • Exact Equivalence (35 terms, 58%) has the highest match ratio • followed by Partial Equivalence (18 terms, 30%) , Non-equivalence (6 terms, 10%), Inexact equivalence (1 term, 2%)
  • 18. Preliminary Findings Range of Equivalence Match Definition Sample Type code TELDAP’s AAT’s examples examples 1-1 Exact Equivalence ¥õ»à¤åÆ Yangshao 1-2 Exact Equivalence (cross Õtµ· filigree ref.) enameling 2-1 Inexact Equivalence ¨èªá bright cutting 3-2 Partial Equivalence (species- ¨Å¤B¯¾ dots genus relationship …Subordination) 5-1 Non-equivalence (culture- -ð¤T±m X dependent) 5-3 Non-equivalence (beyond À±°Ç¦ò X
  • 19. From Equivalence Mapping to Translation: Exact Equivalence Exact Equivalence ♦ Translate AAT’s scope note of the descriptor Identify Types of ♦ Add required fields in CAAT (eg. additional Inexact Equivalence Equivalence note if necessary, sources, variant terms, Mapping Partial Equivalence sources for the terms, transliterated Chinese Non-Equivalence term, etc.) ♦ Add link to AAT ID Summit the translation term to the AAT editor With matched Chinese term ♦ Transliterated Chinese term
  • 20. ¹¾¡²³ (chi.)= Ceramics (Eng.) Mapping Type example TELDAP terms AAT terms Exact ³ ²¡¾¹ (<Ãþ§O ) ceramics (objects) Equivalence (<object genres by material>, <object genres (Guide Term)>, Object Genres (Hierarchy Name)) ID: 300151343 §@ªÌ¤£¸Ô¡] 1736 A.D.-1795 A.D.¡^¡C [²M °®¶© ¬Á¼þ-LµW·ã±m¹Ï®×ªá¥c»ó·Ï³ý ]¡C ¡m¼Æ¦ì¨åÂÃÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý¡n¡C http://catalog.ndap.org.tw/?URN=835194
  • 21. AAT Browsing
  • 22. CAAT-Management System
  • 23. Ceramics in CAAT
  • 24. Ceramics in CAAT
  • 25. Translation (English to Chinese) Cataloging ceramics
  • 26. CAAT
  • 27. CAAT- Required Element
  • 28. From Equivalence Mapping to Translation: Partial Equivalence Identify Types of Exact Equivalence ♦ Mapping to a broader or narrower terms Equivalence Inexact Equivalence ♦ Decide if this “specific term” represents an Mapping Partial Equivalence important concept? Non-Equivalence ♦ If yes, then need to contribute a new term to AAT ♦ Follow Getty’s and TELDAP’s editorial Summit the new guidelines candidate term to ♦ Create a record with required fields AAT ♦ Translate the record into English
  • 29. (cloud-and-thunder pattern) < Chinese frets Mapping Type Example TELDAP’s term AAT’s term Partial ¶³¹p¯¾ (¡Õ ¹p¯¾ <´ X ¦ ó Chinese frets Equivalence ¡Õ¯¾¹¢ ) (frets (patterns), (species-genus geometric patterns, ... relationship Design Elements) …Subordination) ID: 300010162 §@ªÌ¤£¸Ô¡]«C»É®¥N¡^C [¿òª«¡G¥Õ³¨§ ]¡C ¡m¼Æ¦ì¨åÂÃÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý¡n¡C http://catalog.ndap.org.tw/?URN=1844607 ¡] 2009/02/20ÂsÄý¡^C
  • 30. @ªÌ¤£¸Ô¡] ²M¡^ §@ªÌ¤£¸Ô¡] 1146 A.D.-¡^¡C [«n§º ²Ð¿³¨§ ]¡C G ÀJº£®ç§Î½L ] ¡m¼Æ¦ì¨åÂÃÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý¡n p¦X¥Ø¿ý¡n ] 1199 B.C.-900 B.C.¡^ ¹_³s¶³¹p¯¾í ]¡C 1644 A.D.-1911 A.D.¡^
  • 31. Cloud-and-Thunder Pattern ¾¯p¹³¶ CHINESE Parent ID: C300010162 Record Type:·§©À ¶³¹p¯¾ ]¡¦ê°¤ ¡ ¦^¯¾ , ¦^¯¾¹¢ (¹Ï®× )¡A …³]-p-ì¯À¡^ ½d³òµù¡G °ò¥»¯S©º¬O¥H³sÄòªº¡u¦^¡v¦r§Î½u±ø ©Òºc¦¨¡C¦³ªº§@¶ê Î sÄòºc ¹Ï¡A³æºÙ¬°¡u¶³¯¾¡v¡F¦³ªº§@¤è Î sÄòºc¹Ï ¡A³æºÙ¬°¡u¹p¯¾¡v¡C¶³¹p¯¾±`§@ ¬°«C»É¾¹¤W¯¾¹¢ªº¦a¯¾¡A¥Î H¯M¦«¥DÃD¯¾¹¢¡C ¤]¦³ æ¿W¥X²{¦b¾¹ª«ÀV³¡©Î¨¬ ªº¡C µü·J¡G ¶³¹p¯¾ (preferred,C,D,U,ÁcÅé¤å -P) ¤ª¹p 纹 (²Åé¤å ) cloud-and-thunder pattern (preferred,C,D,U,American English-P) yun lei wen (cloud-and-thunder pattern )(C,UF,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P) yun lei wen (cloud-and-thunder pattern ) (C,UF,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade- Giles)) Facet/Hierarchy Code: §@ªÌ¤£¸Ô¡] 1351 A.D.-1700 A.D.¡^¡C [©ú¦Ü²Mªì ¿ùª÷»È¶³¯¾Äë´L ]¡C¡m¼Æ¦ì¨åÂÃÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý¡n¡C
  • 32. Sources and Contributors: ¶³¹p¯¾ (cloud-and-thunder pattern)............ [TELDAP] ............................ ¬G®c«á³]¸ê®Æ»Ý¨D³W®æ Ñ¡] 2004¡^ 22 ............................ ¤ °ê uÃÀ¬ü³NÃã¨å¡] 1995¡^ 338 ¤ª¹p 纹 (cloud-and thunder pattern)............ [TELDAP] ............................ ¤j d¶Ç²Î¹Ï®×ºô¡] 2000 - 2006¡^ accessed 21 January 2009 cloud-and-thunder pattern............ [TELDAP] ............................ ¬G®cÂù»yµü·J (last update 2009-02-18¡^ accessed 21 January 2009 yun lei wen (cloud-and-thunder pattern)............ [TELDAP] ............................ º~»y«÷-µ yun lei wen (cloud-and-thunder pattern)............ [TELDAP] ............................ §@ªÌ¤£¸Ô¡]«C»É®¥N¡^C [¿òª«¡G¥Õ³¨§ ]¡C ¡m¼Æ¦ì¨åÂÃÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý¡n¡C http://catalog.ndap.org.tw/?URN=1844607 ¡] 2009/02/20ÂsÄý¡^C
  • 33. ENGLISH Parent ID: 300010162 Record Type: Concept cloud-and-thunder pattern (Chinese frets, frets (patterns), ... Design Elements) Note: Frets consisting of continuous, linear, geometrical patterns, mostly seen on Chinese ancient artifacts. Typically seen on bronze ware as decorative element to a theme, sometimes appeared solely on the neck or foot of an utensil. Terms: cloud-and-thunder pattern (preferred,C,D,U,American English-P) yun lei wen (cloud-and thunder pattern) (C,UF,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P) yun lei wen (cloud-and thunder pattern) (C,UF,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)) ¶³¹p¯¾ (cloud-and thunder pattern) (Chinese (traditional)) ¤ª¹p 纹 (cloud-and thunder pattern) (Chinse (simplified)) Facet/Hierarchy Code: D.DG §@ªÌ¤£¸Ô¡] 1599 B.C.-1300 B.C.¡^¡C [°Ó¥N¦-´Á ¶³¹p¯¾¹© ]¡C¡m¼Æ¦ì¨åÂÃÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý¡n
  • 34. Sources and Contributors: cloud-and-thunder pattern............ [VP] ............................ National Palace Museum Bilingual Glossary yun lei wen (cloud-and-thunder [VP] pattern)............ ............................ Hanyu Pinyin System yun lei wen (cloud-and-thunder [VP] pattern)............ ............................ Wade-Giles System ¶³¹p¯¾ (cloud-and-thunder pattern)............ [VP] ............................ ¬G®c«á³]¸ê®Æ»Ý¨D³W®æ Ñ¡] 2004¡^ 22 ............................ Dictionary of Chinese Craft Arts¡] 1995¡^ 338 ¤ª¹p 纹 (cloud-and thunder pattern)............ [VP] ............................ DaQian Chinese Pattern¡] 2000 - 2006¡^ accessed 21 January 2009 §@ªÌ¤£¸Ô¡] 1644 A.D.-1911 A.D.¡^¡C [²M »ÉµW·ãÄl ]¡C¡m¼Æ¦ì¨åÂÃÁp¦X¥Ø¿ý¡n
  • 35. Cloud-and-thunder pattern can be added under the concept of frets (patterns) or Chinese frets in AAT
  • 36. Preliminary Findings Type 1 [cü¦Û¬ ¬º Similar Structure Similar Structure, meaning the hierarchical logic of the KOS (TELDAP) is the same as the target KOS (AAT), with no structural Conflict. The conceptual structure of AAT is usually more defined Than TELDAP. By utilizing the method of modeling, partial AAT Conceptual structure can be transferred to TELDAP.
  • 37. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings ¡· ¥H¡u¤Hª«¡v·§©Àµ²ºc¬°¨Ò¡A¥»ãs Similar Structure ¼Ë¥» TELDAPªº¨â-Óµü·J¡u¦Zm¡v¤Î ¡uÀ±°Ç¦ò¡v¡A¤À§OÄÝ©ó¡G ¡u¤Hª« > ®c§Ê¤Hª« > ¦Zm¡v¤Î¡u¤Hª« > ¦ò¹D¤Hª« > À±°Ç¦ò¡v¼h¯Åµ²ºc Take the conceptual structure of “People” for example, “empresses” And “monks” can be categorized as follows¡G people (agents) > monarchs > empresses, and people (agents) > religious (people) > monks ¡· ¦b¹ï·Ó AAT·§©Àµ²ºc¡A¥i¥HÆ[¹î¨ì ¤GªÌ¨ã¦³¬Ûüºµ²c¡A¦ýb AATªº µ²ºc³]-p¥i¥H®e¯Ç¨ã§ó¤jªº¯ßµ¸ compared with AAT conceptual Structure, there is similarity between the two structures, but the structural design of AAT can Include wider concepts
  • 38. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure ¡· ¦]¹b¡u¤Hª«¡v¨ìu®c§Ê¤Hª« > ¦Zm¡v¤§¶¡A¦s¦b§ó¦h¼h¯Åªº¥ý¾Éµü©Î µü·J ¡A ¦p¡G <¤Hª«¡A¨Ì¾Ú°ÈϤÀ >¡B <¤½³¡ªùº¤Hª« >¡A¤Î¡u²ÎªvªÌ¡v¡C between “people(agent)” and “monarchs > empresses” , there exists various guide terms or terms, Such as¡G <people by occupation>, <people in government and administration>, and rulers (people) ¡· ¦]¦¹¥i¥Hµo²{¡A-Y¥H¼Ò¥é¤èªk ¡] modeling¡^±N AAT¦¹³¡¥÷¬[ºc²¾´Ó¨ì TELDAP¡A«h»Ý¦A¬° TELDAP¸É¥R¬ÛÃö ¼h¯Åªºµü·J¡A¦p¤U©Ò¥Ü¡G Therefore, modeling requires transference of partial AAT structure To TELDAP. More terms need to be added in TELDAP
  • 39. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure ¥N²zªÌ¼h-± > ¤Hª« (¼h¯Å ) > ¤Hª« > (¤Hª«¡A¨Ì¾Ú°ÈϤÀ ) > (¤ ½ ³ ¡ ª ù º H ª « )> ²ÎªvªÌ > ®c§Ê¤Hª« > ¦Zm Agents Facet > people > people (agents) > <people by occupation> > <people in government and administration> > rulers (people) > monarchs > empresses Agents Facet¥N²zªÌ¼h-± .... PeopleHhů ¤ ¼«ª ........ people (agents) ¤Hª« ............ <people by occupation> <¤Hª«¡A¨Ì¾Ú°ÈϤÀ > ................ <people in government and administration> <¬F©²»PºÞ ²zªº¤Hª« > .................... rulers (people) ²ÎªvªÌ ........................ monarchs ®c§Ê¤Hª« ............................ empresses ¦Zm
  • 40. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure ¥H¡uÃþ§O¡v·©À¬[ºc¬°¨Ò¡A¥»ãs¼Ë¥» TELDAPªº¡uÃþ§O¡v 1 ¥]¬A 5ºØµü·J¡G ¡· u»É¾¹¡Bª÷Äݾ¹¡v ¡· u³ ²¡¾¹ v ¡· u¥É Û¾¹¡v ¡· u¤ì¦Ëº£¾¹¡v ¡·u 珐 The conceptual structure of Classification in TELDAP includes5 terms: (1) copper and metal (object) (2) ceramics (object) (3) jade and stone (object) (4) wood, bamboo and lacquer (object) (5) enamel and glass (object)
  • 41. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure ¹ï·Ó¦Ü AAT·§©Àµ²ºc¡A¥i¥HÆ[¹î¨ì¡uª«¥ó¼h-±¡v¶µ¤Uªº¡uª«¥óÃþ¬ 2 (¼h¯Å )¡v¨ã¦³¬ÛPªºµ²c In AAT, it shares the same structure as Object Genre (hierarchy) under Object Facet 3 modeling¡^±N AAT¦¹³¡¥÷¬[ºc²¾´Ó¨ì TELDAP¡C Based on the method of modeling, we transfer partial AAT structure to TELDAP ¦ý¬°«Ø¥ß¨â-Óª¾ÃѲÕ´ t²Îªºµ¥¦PÃö«Y¡A»Ý¤À§O¦A¬° ¶i¦æ¤U-zµü·J©Îµ²ºc¤è-±ªº × q¡G TELDAP¤Î AAT 4 To establish mapping equivalence relationship between two KOSs, terms and structure revisions are required:
  • 42. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure TELDAP¤è-±ªº×q TELDAP Adjustment ¡· TELDAPµü·J¦b¦¹±`¥H¨Ã¦Cªº¦Wµü¤è¡A¥X²{½Æ¦µü (compound term) ªº±¡ p¡A¦p¡G¡u»É¾¹¡Bª÷Äݾ¹¡v¡B¡u¥É Û¾¹¡v¡B¡u¤ì¦Ëº£¾¹¡v¡B¡u 珐 Terms in TELDAP usually appear as compound term, such as copper and metal; jade and stone (object); wood, bamboo and lacquer (object); enamel and glass (object) ¡· ¸g¹L»P AAT·§©Àµ²ºcªº¹ï·Ó¤ÀR¡A¥i¥HÆ[¹î¨ì¡u»É¾¹¡Bª÷Äݾ¹¡v¬O©¼¦¹ ¤§¶¡ A¬O¼h¯ÅÃö«Y¤ ªº Ø¡ÐÄÝÃö«Y¡C´«¨¥¤§¡A¡u»É¾¹¡v¬O¡uª÷Äݾ¹¡vªº ¤@ºØÃþ«¬¡A¨ä¥¦ p¡u»È¾¹¡v¡B¡uÅK¾¹¡v¤]¬O¡uª÷Äݾ¹¡vªºÃþ«¬¡F Through comparison and analysis with AAT conceptual structure, we conclude that copper and metal (object) is in fact a ºØ¡ÐÄÝÃö«Y (?). Copper (object) is a type of metal (object), silver (object) and iron (object) are also types of metal.
  • 43. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure TELDAP¤è-±ªº×q TELDAP Adjustment ¡· °ò¦¹¡A¥»¬ã¨s«Øij¥i¥H¬°¡u»É¾¹¡Bª÷ÄÝ ¾¹¡vªº½Æ¦X·§©À A Õ ã¬° u»É¾¹¡v ¤Î¡uª÷Äݾ¹¡v¨â-Ó ã¦³¼h¯ÅÃö«Yªº·§©À¡F¡u¥É Û¾¹¡v¤]¬O ¦P±¡ªp A ¥i¥H½Õ¾ã¬°¡u¥É¾¹¡v B u¥Û¾¹¡vªº¼h¯ÅÃö«Y¡]ºØ ÐÄÝ þ ¬ ^ C¬Û¦P ªº-ì«h¡F¡u¤ì¦Ëº£¾¹¡v¥i¥H°Ï¤À¡u¤ì¾¹¡v B u¦Ë¾¹¡v B uº£¾¹¡v¤T-Ó µü·J¡F¡u 珐 珐 Compound term, copper and metal (object), should be divided into copperwork and metalwork. The same rule also applied to jade and stone (object). Based on the same principles, wood, bamboo and lacquer (object) should be divided into 3 terms, woodwork, bamboo (object), and lacquerware. Enamel and glass (object) should be enamel (object) and glassware instead.
  • 44. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure AAT¤è-±ªº×q AAT Adjustment ¡· ³¡¤À TELDAP¡uÃþ§O¡v¬ÛÃöªºµü·J©|¥¼¦¬¿ýb AAT¦¹¼h-±¼h¯Å¶µ¤U¡A ¦p¡G¡u¦Ë¾¹¡v¡B¡u 珐 Some related terms in the Classification category of TELDAP are not included in AAT, such as bamboo (object), and enamel (object). ¡· ¡u¥É¾¹¡v¡B¡u¥Û¾¹¡v«h¬O¥t¤@ºØª¬ p¡A AAT¦b¡uª«¥óÃþ§O¡v¼h¯Å¶µ¤U¡A ÁöµM¦C¥X¡u¥Û§÷¡v¡A¦ý«o¬O³Q¼Ð¥Ü¦¹ B¨Ã«D°¾¦n¤÷¸`ÂI¡] non-preferred parent¡^¡C¸Ó¤l¸`ÂI¡] stone (rock) [N]¡^ªº°¾¦n¤÷¸`ÂI¡] preferred parent¡^¬OÁõÄÝ©ó¡u½è§÷¼h-±¡v¡C As for jade (object) and stone (object), the term stone (rock) is placed Under Object Facet in AAT, and marked as non-preferred parent. It’s preferred parent is Material Facet.
  • 45. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure AAT¤è-±ªº×q AAT Adjustment TELDAPÂë~¼Æ¶q²³¦h¡A¤]¬O-«nªº¨åÂïS¦â¡C¦]¦¹ ¬ã¨sªÌ«Øij AAT¥i¥H¦b¡uª«¥óÃþ§O¡v¼h¯Å¶µ¤U·s¼W¡u¥É¾¹¡vµü·J¡C Due to the distinctness and a vast amount of archives of jade (object) in TELDAP, it is recommended that a new term, jade (object), be added under Object Facet in AAT. ¡· °£¦¹¡A¡u 珐 AATªº·s¼Wµü·J½d³ò¡C¦p¦¹¡A ±N¥i¥HÅý AATªº¡uª«¥óÃþ§O¡v¼h¯ÅǤJªF¨È¦a°Ï-«n¾¹ª«ºÃþ§O¡C Enamel (object) and bamboo (object) should also be added. These terms will allow AAT to include important artifacts from the East Asia region into Its database.
  • 46. Type 1 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure ª«¥ó¼h-± > ª«¥óÃþ ¬ (¼h¯Å ) > (ª«¥óÃþ¬ (¥ý¾Éµü )) > (ª«¥óÃþ¬¨Ì½è§÷°Ï¤À ) >»É¾¹ Objects Facet > Object Genres (Hierarchy Name)> <object genres (Guide Term)> > <object genres by material> > metalwork > copperwork .... Objects Facet ª«¥ó¼h-± ........ Object Genres (Hierarchy Name) ª«¥óÃþ¬ (¼h¯Å ) ............ <object genres (Guide Term)> <ª«¥óÃþ¬ (¥ý¾Éµü )> ................ <object genres by material> <ª«¥óÃþ¬¨Ì½è§÷°Ï¤À > .................... ceramics (objects) ³²¡¾¹ .................... glassware ¬Á¼þ¾¹ .................... lacquerware º£¾¹ .................... metalwork ª÷Äݾ¹ ........................ copperwork »É¾¹ .................... stone (rock) [N] ¥Û§÷ ........................ <stone by quality> <¥Û§÷¨Ì½è¦a°Ï¤À >……¥É .................... woodwork ¤ì¾¹
  • 47. Preliminary Findings Type 2 [cü¦Û¬ ¬º Similar Structure ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü¡Ð ý»Ý AÂX¥R©Î-× q ؼ µ ·Jªº [ c Similar Structure, but required further expansion or correction of the structure. TELDAPµü·J¥Nªíº·§©À±`¥X²{¤°êåÆ¿W¯S©Ê¡A¦]¦¹»Ýb AAT²{¦³ ªº·§©Àµ² c¤ ¡A¦A§ó²`¤J©¹¤U¼h©µ¦ù²Ó³¡ ºc¡B©Î ¹¼e¼sªº¼h¯Å·s¼W¾ã ®M·§©Àµ²ºc¡C The concepts of the terms in TELDAP usually convey a uniqueness only known in Chinese culture, therefore we need to develop a more intricate structure. ¨ã¤ °ê å Æ¿W¯S©Ê Ϊí¹F©Ê·§ Àªºµü ·J¡A¥]¬A¡G¡u½`¨t¡v¡B¡u¦Ò¥j¤å Æ¡v ¡B¡u¥þ¾¹§Î¨î¡v¡B¡u®ÑÅé¡v¤Î¡u¯¾¹¢¡vµ¥·§©À ²ºc¡C These unique concepts include :½`¨t (Chinese ceramics styles) ,¦Ò¥j¤åÆ ,¥þ¾¹§Î¨î ,®ÑÅé (script),¯¾¹¢
  • 48. Type 2 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure uG¡Ò¨°¬véÅÑ® ¡H¥ clerical script (Áõ®Ñ , lishu) seal script ¡]½f®Ñ¡^ semi-cursive script (¦æ¯ó®Ñ ) regular script bird-and-insect scrip (·¢®Ñ ,Kaishu) ¡]³¾Âήѡ^
  • 49. Type 2 ¬[ºc¬Û¦ü Preliminary Findings Similar Structure .... Objects Facet Suggest: ........ Components (Hierarchy Name) ............ components (objects) Create a set of new ................ <components by specific context> guide term and .................... <information form components> candidate terms ........................ <script and type forms> ............................ scripts (writing) ................................ <scripts by form> .................................... <Arabic scripts> ªü©Ô§B®ÑÅé .................................... <Chinese scripts> ¡]¤å®ÑÅé¡^ ........................................ bird-and-insect script ¡]³¾Âήѡ^ ........................................ clerical script ¡]Áõ®Ñ¡A lishu¡^ ........................................ regular script ¡]·¢®Ñ¡A kaishu¡^ ........................................ seal script ¡]½f®Ñ ¡^ ........................................ semi-cursive script ¡]¦æ¯ó®Ñ ¡^
  • 50. Preliminary Findings Type 3 [cü¦Û¬£¤ ¬º Dissimilar Structure ©Ò¿×¡u¬[ºc¤£¬Û¦ü¡v¡A¦b¥»¬ã¨s¬O«hªí¥Ü TELDAPµü·J§e²{ªº·§©Àµc »P AATªí²{º·§©Àµc¤§ÀÃþÅ޿裬ۦP¡A¦ý TELDAPµü·J¥i¥H§¹¥þ µ¥¦P©Î³¡¤Àµ¥¦P¦a¹ï·Ó¨ì AATµü·J¡C¦p¡G¹V¦â Dissimilar Structure, the conceptual structure of the term in TELDAP is different from AAT, but the term can either be exactly matched or partially matched to the term in AAT, for example: glaze Type 4 [cF ¬ º ¥Ê¯ Lack of Structure ¡u¬[ºc¯Ê¥F¡v¡A«h¬O«ü TELDAPµü·J§e²{ªº·§©ÀµcµLªk¦b AATµo²{¬Û¦ü µ²ºc¡A¬ÛÃöµü·J¤]µLªk©ó AAT¹ï·Ó¨ì¥ô¦óµPÃö«Yªºµü·J¡C¦p¡G§½³¡Î¨î Lack of Structure (no structure), neither similar conceptual structure nor related term can be found in AAT
  • 51. Lesson Learned • Team building • Training • Coordination • Methodology • Follow AAT’s guidance and establish close communication with AAT’s editor team • Set milestone • sustainable development
  • 52. Sophy Shu-Jiun Chen sophy@sinica.edu.tw Special Thanks to the following people for their assistance in the Equivalence Mapping Task Force JDDLD¯Ƨý¤ §¯³ ¡·° ¡¼¦×µ°« ª ¡»§Û« DDDPÉ©Ã¥ ¡¾Á×Âé ¡ðº¶°¿´ ¡¸´Î ÇÅ © dDLzDDBRWÀ § ¡Ë®§© ª ¼ ¡×µ ¡ß¤É©ý ¼ À Patricia Harpring