Surface Transportation: The View from AASHTO

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An overview of surface transportation reauthorization and current and emerging policy issues.

An overview of surface transportation reauthorization and current and emerging policy issues.

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  • 1. Surface Transportation: The View from  AASHTO Janet Oakley, Director of Policy and Government Relations,  AASHTO 21st Annual  Tampa Bay Supersession September 30, 2010
  • 2. Overview• Surface Transportation Reauthorization: The  Current State of Play and Outlook• Reauthorization and the Reform Agenda• Current and Emerging Policy Issues
  • 3. Surface Transportation  Reauthorization“Will we everget a SurfaceTransportationBill?”
  • 4. How Long Does it Take to Get a Bill?? PASSED SIGNED HOW CONGRESS BY LATE? PRESIDENTSTAA ???? ???? 12 MONTHS +SAFETEA‐LU     JULY 29, 2005          AUG. 10, 2005        ~ 22 MONTHSTEA‐21                MAY 22, 1998           JUNE 9, 1998          ~ 8 MONTHSISTEA                  NOV. 27, 1991          DEC. 18, 1991         ~ 2 MONTHSSTURAA             MARCH 19, 1987      VETO                       ~ 6 MONTHSSTAA                  DEC. 23, 1982           JAN. 6, 1983            ~ 3 MONTHS
  • 5. Current State of Play HIRE ACT• 4th Extension• Extended program  authorization through  December 31, 2010• Provided $19.5 billion  to the HTF• Restored $8.7 billion  rescission• Provided for some  new HTF revenues
  • 6. What Happens Next?• Transportation Continuing Resolution through  December 3, 2010• Lame Duck Session • Election Cycle Mid‐Term Congressional 37 Governors in cycle 2012 Presidential Elections• HTF Solvency Outlook• Reforms or Not??• Options
  • 7. States Fiscal Conditions• FY 2010: – 21 States had cuts in transportation programs  totaling almost $3.4 billion• FY 2011 – 11 States have indicated cuts in transportation  programsSource: National Association of Budget Officers
  • 8. AASHTO State Match Survey21 States Responding• For FY 2011– without State Legislative action,  one State DOT will not have enough revenues  to match projected federal highway funds.• For FY 2012 and beyond – four additional  state DOTs may have problems
  • 9. A Few Reauthorization OptionsKick the Can Down the Road Longer‐Term ExtensionShort‐Term Extension with Hope for Action Next YearSix Year Bill with $50 Billion Down Payment (President Obama’s Labor Day Plan)Six Year Bill coupled with Deficit ReductionLive within Your Means Downsized Program
  • 10. Reauthorization and Reform
  • 11. The Reform Agenda• Clearly Defined Federal Focus and Role – What  are they?• Preservation vs. Capacity• Federal, State and Local Roles• Discretionary vs. Formula Programs• Urban vs. Rural • Highways vs. Everything Else• Performance – Data‐driven, out‐come oriented
  • 12. AASHTO & Reauthorization  First, a Well‐Funded, Multi‐Year Bill, NOW!Move to more  Understand the long‐term performance  state roleaccountability Recognize a potential Have a clearly defined  enhanced  local rolefederal role Limit discretionary pots Meet growing needs‐‐‐ and earmarking ‐4r; operations, and new  apportion the majority ofcapacity—on the  fundssystems of federal  User fee base and viable importance highway trust fund
  • 13. AASHTO Strategic Plan on Performance and Accountability“Promote accountability through performance‐based management to enhance the national transportation system, and work with strategic partners to develop a framework of goals, standards and metrics tailored to meet individual state needs.”
  • 14. Performance and Resources“Performance management is an excellent tool to support management decisions and aid in resource allocation.  However, if funding is insufficient, performance management cannot make up the difference to achieve desired results.”
  • 15. Current and Emerging Policy Topics• Energy and Climate  Change• Transportation  Sustainability and  Livability• FREIGHT Bill• National Rail Plan
  • 16. Energy and Climate Change Overall GHG  Reduction Strategies• Fuel efficiency and alternative fuels  will account for  68% of emission reduction• Pricing 18%• Reductions in vehicle travel (VMT) 13% (Highway traffic flow 1%) (Ridesharing 1%) (Transit & Compact Dev. 6% )                                 
  • 17. Transportation Sustainability: Triple Bottom  Line Vital Economy Vibrant  Sustainable  Communities  Environment
  • 18. AASHTO: Promoting Sustainability and  Livability Decrease the rate of growth of VMT Double transit ridership over the next 20 years Invest in intercity passenger rail Invest in freight Encourage “Complete Streets” Continue investment in bike/ped facilities Encourage compact land use Increase telecommuting
  • 19. Freight Rail: 2007 Cost to Maintain• To maintain current  market share and  handle its share of  growth• $195 billion over 20  years or $12 billion  annually • Up to $53 billion from  the public sector
  • 20. National Rail Plan• Progress Report• Vision for High Speed  Intercity Passenger Rail• High Performance  Freight Rail
  • 21. Additional AASHTO Activities• Support for Every Day Counts Initiative• National Forum on Performance‐Based  Planning and Programming• National Performance Measures• State Smart Transportation Initiative• AASHTO Rail Resource Center
  • 22. Two Final Words: The Economy THE ECONOMY AND JOBS, JOBS,  JOBS!!
  • 23. Questions? Janet Oakleyjoakley@aashto.org     (202) 624‐3698