1May 22, 2012, KhulnaFisheries ProgrammeCereal Systems Initiative for Bangladesh (CSISA –BD)Project , Khulna Hub, Funded by USAIDPresented in AAS Hub Scoping at Khulna
ObjectivesOverall objective is to “increase income,food security, and livelihoods inimpoverished and agriculturallydependent regions of Bangladesh”
Specific ObjectivesObjective -1 Widespread delivery, and adoption of improvedvarieties & technologies in cereal and fish systems forproduction enhancement and income generation.Objective -2: Conduct context specific adaptive researches forvalidation and refinement of technologies in cereal andaquaculture systemsObjective 3: Capacity building of stakeholders for technologydissemination and adoptionObjective-4: Socio-economic and farming system analysis forimprovement of market linkage and livelihood systems foragricultural growth and sustainable poverty reduction.Objective-5: Developing of user friendly knowledge andinformation delivery systems for the agricultural stakeholders.
Vision of success Direct project participants 60,000 ( Khulna hub -6000 aquaculturebeneficiaries). Annual HH income increases by 350 dollars through income from crop &fish productivity. Secondary adopters 300,000 (through demonstrations, field days, trainingetc). Ultimate aggregate benefit will over 1 million rural HH through linkages &synergies with GO-NGO-Private sectors, other national / internationalprojects.
CHARACTERISTICS13. LOW GANGES RIVER FLOODPLAINLocation andextentThe region occupies all or most of Barisal, Jhalkathi, Pirojpur, Patuakhali, Barguna, Bagerhat, Khulna and Satkhiradistricts. It includes the Khulna and Bagerhat sundarban forests. It is covered by 17066 km2 area.Physiography Greater part has smooth relief.River banks generally stand about a meter or less above the level of adjoining basins.Characterized by a close network of interconnected tidal rivers and creeks.Climate Mean annual rainfall is about 1700mm in the west and 3300mm in the south east.Mean annual temperature is about 26.4oC.Whole region lies within the cyclone zone.Land and soiltypeLand type PercentageHighland 2Medium highland 78Medium lowland 2Lowland <1Homestead, water 16WatersourcesProvided with surface water resources. Most places are less than 500 metres from a tidal river or crack.Ground water is saline in near surface aquifers throughout most of this region.Sweet water occurs in aquifers at around 300 meters.MajorcroppingpatternSolely brackish water aquaculture in the south,Aman rice-brackish water prawn culture,Boro rice – prawnAman rice-fallow- sesame.Natural mangrove forestDevelopmentconstraintsDry season salinity of soils.Extremely acid soil condition in some region.Exposure to cyclones and storm surges.Highly floodprone in August-October which occasionally damage transplanted aman/ shrimp farms.Remoteness of southern part of the region from urban markets.Agro ecological characters of Khulna regionSoil type:General pattern of grey, slightly calcareous loamy soils on river banksand grey or dark grey, noncalcareous, heavy silty calys in the basin.Extremely acid soil (acid sulfate soils) occur patchily in basin.
“Gher aquaculture” has been emerging as thedominant farming systems in this region (above 50%of total cultivable land are used as Gher aquaculture,and increasing by 10 % every year) Brackish water shrimp ( Tiger shrimp)culture ( Aman - Shrimp )• Freshwater shrimp ( Prawn) culture(Boro-Prawn + Vege )GherGher farming
Sl.No.Major activities1 Field based skill training to farmers ( 2days)2 Refresher training to farmers (1 day)3 Establish Farmer Participatory Demonstration Plots4Conduct context specific adaptive trial on improved varieties, technologies,methods etc.5Organize Farmer Field Days on introduced method / result demonstrations.Invite more neighbour farmers, other stakeholders into the field days.7Organize exposure visit for advance farmers, extension service providers, GO-NGO staff.8 Organize stakeholders workshop / meetings for experience sharing9Partnership with GO-NGO and Private sector for technology dissemination towider scale of farming people.10 Collaboration with GO, universities, research station etc.11 Capacity development of PNGO staff for technology adoption by the farmers.12 Conduct Base line survey to evaluate the program.13 MonitoringPlanned Fisheries Activities till date
SlnoTechnologies Technologies focused on1 Improved shrimp farming by stocking PCRtested PL in gher.• Nursery development.• Stocking PCR tested PL• Improve mgt.2 Improved farming of prawn and carps ingher systems and horticulture on dyke.• Nursery dev.• Stocking density.• Improve mgt.3 Improved farming of tilapia in gher andhorticulture on dyke.• Increase cropping intensity.•High density.4 Improved farming of carp and fresh waterprawn in pond systems and horticulture ondyke.• Stocking large size fingerlings/juveniles.• Stocking density.• Improved mgt.5 HH based pond aquaculture (polyculture ofnutrient rich small fish with carp and/ortilapia) and high value horticulture system.• Stocking mola / tilapia.• Dyke cultivation.6 Improved carp nursery management forlarge size quality fingerling production (Carp,Tilapia, Pangus, Fresh water prawn)• Improved nursery mgt.• Quality fingerling.7 Adaptive trial on cage aquaculture •Cage size-3mX3mX1.5mTechnology dissemination
Reaching the farmers (Capacity development of farmers)Resource persons hired from:- DoF, DAE- Development project’s staffs- Other aquaculture practitionersFarmer’s training at Dumuria1. Skill training:- Small group formation.- Training need assessment.- 2 days (4 hrs each days) skilltraining at field level.- 1 day (4 hrs) refresher trainingcourse at field level.
2. Establish Farmer Driven ParticipatoryDemonstration plots on introducingimproved technologies at community level.- To develop “Lead Farmers” to be acted aslocal extension agent.- To show the methods and results ofapplied technologies to community farmers.Reaching the farmers
Reaching the farmers3. Organize Field days: Method demonstration onintroduced technologies Result demonstration on introducedtechnologies. Target participants -Direct & indirectfarmers, entrepreneurs, local elites,GO-NGO & Private sectorspractitioners.4. Organize Exposure visit:Advance farmers, PNGO extensionworkers, project staffs are the targetparticipants.Field day at Shyamnager
Reaching the farmers9 women involved with cageaquaculture at BotiaghataUpazilaAverage productionobtained: 27 kg/ mᵌ/ cycle( 3 ½ months)5. Conduct context specificadaptive trial for varieties,technologies
Reaching the farmers6. Capacity development of the partner organizations for delivering extensionservices to farmers.- MOU development-Extension staff training-Meeting / Workshop-Reporting7. Linkages / Collaboration with GO-NGO- Private sector line agencies forresources mobilization, experience sharing, policy reformation etc.-MOU development ( GAZI Fish Culture Ltd., Spectra Hexa Feed Co Ltd (MEGA Feed)-Organize workshop-Media publication-Individual contact-Training materials development & distribution..
Partnership to dateNational & local NGOs BRAC, TMSS, UTTARAN & Renaissance.Private sectors Gazi Fish Culture Ltd., Quality ScientificFish Hatcheries & Nurseries, MilemaraDepot and one CBO.Role / Responsibilities of partners Organizing the farmers at community level. Baseline survey Sharing of resources / equipments. Establishing the demonstration plots. Day to day monitoring the target farmers. Information delivery. Developing extension agents at community level. Ensuring/ distribute quality inputs to the farmers. Networking with GO-NGO- Private sectors .
Results / Outcomes Farmers have been adopting improved technologies ( feeding,liming, PCR tested PL , nursery development etc. Demand of quality inputs has increased.160426261031228326 232272369415544463 5309893424180100000200000300000400000500000600000Shrimp Prawn Carp + Prawn TilapiaCost Tk/ hacGross return Tk148.2 380.381852.5 1729395.2 642.23186.3592801000200030004000500060007000Shrimp in gher (single cycle)Prawn in gher Carp + Prawn inpondTilapia in gher (single cycle)Baseline Prod kg/haObtained Prod kg/haFig-1 Production in kg/haFig-2 Cost & Return Tk/ ha
Sl.No.Activities Year 1 Year-2TargetAchievement tilldateAchievementtill to dateRemarks1 Training provided to farmers 750 955 1005 1755 30 %femaleparticipants2 Refresher training provided tofarmers0 650 714 7143 Demonstration established 13 38 25 384Adaptive trial on cageaquaculture (continuation from1st YR)9 womeninvolvedwith cageaquaculture15 newcages9 95Farmer Field Days organized 2 98 7 15Farmers attended 120 3000 660 7806Cross visit 5 batches (for 75farmers)12 75 0 127 Workshop (Hatchery Workshop) 0 2 1 18 ToT for Extension staff 20 9 9 299 Base line survey of selected farmers 750 955 855 1605Progress till to date
Lessons Learnt1. Huge number of farmers are remained behind from any extension services(lack of improved knowledge, technological information, skills etc)2. Need long term / consistent extension supports to the farmers for adoptingimproved technologies by the farmers.3. Farmer Driven Participatory Technology Dissemination / adaptive trialactivities need to be strengthened for technology dissemination /adoption rather than traditional farmers training.4. Diverse and traditional culture practices by the farmers results poor yield perunit area.5. There is demand for quality inputs ( PCR tested quality PL).6. Linkage between Value Chain actors & producers need to be strengthenedfor sustainable aquaculture.
Challenges and Constraints Selection of right project participants. Ensuring quality inputs to farmers in right time. Integrated extension supports to farming people. Mobilizing the resources/ services of GO-NGO-Private sectors. Adoption of improved technologies by the farmers. To increase cropping intensities and Risk reducing technologies forfarming system. Aquaculture ( especially Prawn/ Shrimp farming ) is a capital intensiveenterprise and need proper management for optimal production. Disease infection especially viral disease outbreak in shrimp farming. Natural hazards like draught has been affecting seriously. Scarcity and high price of quality inputs ( PL, feed etc). Weak market linkages for real prices of produce. Limited extension service at field level need more work force even in asingle cluster . Participation of partner organization for wider dissemination.22