Cereal Systems Initiative forSouth Asia in Bangladesh(‘CSISA-BD‘)A focus on Alignment opportunitiesbetween AAS and CSISA-BD
An Overview of the Key Interventions andActivities of WorldFish under CSISA-BDRRF, Jessore6 - 7 April 2013Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA)in Bangladesh
Overview to CSISACSISA-BD Goal: Increased household income, food security, andlivelihoods in impoverished and agriculturally dependent regions ofBangladeshWe work to -i.Maximizing farming “Income and Productivity” through improvedTechnologies and Varieties in Agro–Aqua systemsii. Improved nutrition, dietary diversity, additional income and womenempowermentWhat is Hub?A geographic region - having fairly similar biophysical characteristics,production systems, constrains and potential intervention points.
Specific Project ObjectivesObjective 1Dissemination and adoption of improved varieties, productiontechnologies, and management practices for cereal and fish systems inorder to improve productivity, income, and resilience to risk.Objective 2Adaptive research trials to test, validate, and refine newly developedagronomic practices for cereals and aquaculture technologies, varietiesObjective 3Capacity building for researchers, extension workers, and serviceproviders from the public, private, and NGO sectors to enable the rapiddissemination and adoption of improved technologies and managementapproaches.
Specific Project ObjectivesObjective 4Socioeconomic and farming systems analysis for technology targeting,deployment, and improvement of market linkages and livelihoodsystems.Objective 5Development of innovative information delivery mechanisms, includingrobust decision support tools that integrate producer information,market prices, weather, and risk in formats that are simple to use andaccessible to all agricultural stakeholders.
• Dissemination and Adoption of high-yielding andstress-tolerant varieties and improved technologies• Test / validate / refine of sustainable managementpractices & improved varieties and technologies• Strategic partnerships (public + private sectors) toincrease the scale and longevity of interventions• Strengthen market linkages and business development– improved technologies alone are not sufficient• Capacity buildingKey CSISA-BD Activities
Vision of SuccessBy end of 5 years CSISA-BD will reach:By end of 5 years CSISA-BD will reach:– 60,000 direct clients with net annual income60,000 direct clients with net annual incomeincrease $ 350increase $ 350– 300,000 indirect clients will participate through300,000 indirect clients will participate throughtraining, participatory adoption and adaptivetraining, participatory adoption and adaptivetrials, linkage events, exchange visits, stakeholdertrials, linkage events, exchange visits, stakeholderconsultations…consultations…– Around 1 million rural hhs will be benefitedAround 1 million rural hhs will be benefitedthrough linkages and synergiesthrough linkages and synergies
a. Pond system: Focus on commercial productionb. Gher system: Focus on “Gher” based improvedaquaculture – agriculture farming system (Alternateand Concurrent)c. Household based system: Focus on homestead basedsmall and seasonal pond and land areaWorldFish intervention in systems
Increase efficiency and promotion of improvedtechnologies and varieties – as appropriate Reduced risk, short-duration, high productivityand income, market oriented, Gender andNutrition focused Partnership with public – private sectors,institutesIntervention principle
Formed “Direct Client Group” on specific technologies“Training” “Exchange Visit” “Regular Coaching”“Refresher training”Participatory Adoption Trials (PAT)“Farming community and market actors follow progress& final result enhance adoption and scale-out”Linkage Events andStakeholderconsultation workshopDissemination StrategiesMass media, Printedmaterials, capacitybuilding of serviceproviders
Fine Tuning of Potential Technologies/Varieties
Market price survey: weekly price data collection from 40rural and urban wholesale and retail markets in all 6CSISA hubs.Production economics of key aquaculture productionsystems in hubs provide an accurate benchmark of theproductivity and margins for aquaculture systemsSurvey of households on employment generationassociated with 06 key aquaculture systems promotedby CSISA-BD to understand economic and employmentmultipliers and capacity to alleviate povertySocio – Economic Studies
How long we assist the trained group/village- Intensively one year by training, PAT, ART, Coaching , Linkage Events During 2ndyear Refreshers, Sharing Trails results by Linkage EventsWho are our partners and their role: NGOs - Select project clients, organize events, providecredit; BRAC, TMSS, JCF, SSS, BS, SDC, BDS, Renaissance. Private sectors – Value chain actors linkages forinformation, inputs, market Public - DoF, BFRI, BARI, BARC, Universities International: AVRDC, AIT, CIFACSISA-WF Activity Strategy and Partners
CSISA-WF system productivityIncreased production of Aquaculture- Agriculture in Gher SystemIncreased production of Aquaculture- Agriculture in Gher System Boro rice followed by Prawn/Tilapia/Carp fish- intensifyingfrom one crop to two crops of fish & Horticulture on Dyke Shrimp followed by T-AmanFreshwater Prawn –Galda Dyke cropping in Gher system
Increased production of Pond Aquaculture & Horticulture on DykeIncreased production of Pond Aquaculture & Horticulture on Dyke Improved farming of Tilapia & Horticulture on Dyke. Improved Carp-Shing poly culture & Horticulture on Dyke Increased efficiency of high density commercial aquacultureCarp polyculture Linkage EventCSISA-WF System Productivity
Increased production of fish through cage aquacultureIncreased production of fish through cage aquaculture Improved food fish production of suitable species(Tilapia) in Nylon net cages setting in Canal/RiverFeeding in cageCage preparationCSISA-WF System Productivity
Increased productivity of homestead ponds & lands for nutrient-rich fishIncreased productivity of homestead ponds & lands for nutrient-rich fishand vegetables for family consumption and additional incomeand vegetables for family consumption and additional income- Household based pond aquaculture (polyculture of carps /tilapia with micronutrient rich small fish “Mola”) andvegetables (including Vit-A rich orange fleshed sweet potato)farming by involving women members of the family.Mola collection for HH aquaculture Farmers TrainingCSISA-WF System Productivity
Farming Household Male & Female (%) Direct ClientDuring Year 1 & 2
Cost -Benefit Analysis Technologies wise (Based on Demo Record Book-2011)Endline BaselineTechnologiesProdMT/HaProdMT/HaProductionCost/ha(Tk)Return/Ha(Tk)GrossMargin/Ha (Tk)BCRHousehold based pond aquaculture(n=2)4.25 1.53 227899 441718 213820 1.94Improved carp polyculture in pond andhorticulture on dyke (n=31)4.28 1.60 216253 414217 197964 1.92Improved carp-shing polyculture inPond and horticulture on dyke (n=6)7.17 2.55 432249 850639 418390 1.97Improved farming of fresh water prawnand carps in gher and horticulture ondyke (n=16)1.72 0.93 157101 419084 261984 2.67Improved farming of fresh water prawnand carps in pond and horticulture ondyke (n=6)2.20 0.45 219357 458505 239148 2.09Improved farming of tilapia in gher andhorticulture on dyke (n=5)3.04 2.57 189840 227566 37726 1.20Improved farming of tilapia in pond andhorticulture on dyke (n=4)7.47 1.65 309239 627687 318449 2.03Improved rice-fish farming with dykecropping (n=10)1.32 0.88 59706 121931 62225 2.04Improved shrimp farming by stockingPCR tested PL in Gher (n=4)0.43 0.32 94056 207214 113158 2.20
Activities Up to Year - 2 Target Year - 3No. of District 20 ??No. of Upazila 66 ??No. of Union 191 ??No. of direct client 10,177 (31% F) 5,500No. of indirect client 12,787 (32.7% F) 13,815No. Aqua demo. 390 220OFSP & ST demo. 589 no. 720 no.No. fish hatchery 30 no. 30 no. cont’dNo. of ART 153 13 (new)Some Coverage in Numbers
Dissemination and Adoption ActivitiesPhoto Presentation
Lessons learnt Increased production to significant level consideringresilience and market price Lack of quality inputs e.g. Fingerling, PL, feed mainly Improved technologies generating high production butrequire high investment…..linking finance…Adoption?? Still many farmers are far behind from any extensionsupports like modern technologies. Dependency on natural rainfall / water source isincreasingly limiting aquaculture. Exchange visit is very effective means for rapidtransformation the technologies.
Lessons learnt – cont’d Collaborative approach by 03 CG centers - CSISAvillage: generating effective results Lack of participation in planning of trials, farmersownership found less during implementation Only good training course is not enough for effectivefarmer training – require high quality trainer, planning.. Linkage Events seems effective for secondary adoption –for CSISA indirect clients Participatory demo/trials is initially hard to convincebut very good for ownership and accountability HH based technologies for nutrition, income and womenempowerment created huge interest …
What does alignment mean for CSISA ?Why? Implication? Workload?Outcome? Financial? Human resources?• Geographical and Clients – Scale-out ?• Improved Technologies and varieties ?• Dissemination and implementation Strategy ?• Improved Nutrition and Women empowerment initiatives –• Communication and partnership –• Research issues –What and How Alignment would translate for field implementation ?
- For Challenged resources like – shaded pond, salineaffected homestead, water logged area??- Reducing cost of production – cost feed? Others?- Development of aqua-machineries and linking withlocal service provider – AFP, Bottom cleaner…Alignment for Farmers Need??AFP trial Pond bottom cleaner