The CGIAR AAS program is starting in the southern bangladesh polder zone, an area which is defined by agro-ecosystems that defined by the aritificial embankments that surround them. As we all are aware, these were created some 40-50 years ago to protect the farmers and communities in these areas from tidal/storm surges and annual flooding which allows them to have more productive farming systems.
We start by defining the challenge to this specific area and the livelihoods of the people found there. This challenge helps to focus our work to achieve impact.
Whereas many see this area of Bangladesh as an area of re-occurring problems, we see it differently. We see it as an area of immense and inherent potential. While undoubtedly this area has its unique set of challenges, it equally has its unique set of advantages that make it one of the most exciting areas in Bangladesh in terms of its potential. That potential is in it’s people and the opportunities brought by both fresh and saline water. Therefore…
Together, both programs of work contribute science outputs that lead the development outcomes.
GBDC Reflection Workshop10-11 April 2013….an area of unique humanand agro-ecosystems…..….home to 38 millionpeople….AAS in the“SouthernBangladeshPolder Zone”
The AAS Development ChallengeThe AAS development challenge is to achieve sustainableand continual improvements in agricultural productivity,livelihoods and nutrition of poor communities in theSouthern Bangladesh Polder Zone in the face of increasingsalinity, changing hydrology, climate change and within acontext of complex and dynamic markets and socialchange.
The AAS development challenge is to achieve sustainable and continualimprovements in agricultural productivity, livelihoods and nutrition of poorcommunities in the Southern Bangladesh Polder Zone in the face ofincreasing salinity, changing hydrology and climate change. The vision is fora positive transformational change in the lives and livelihoods of poor AAS-dependent farmers and their communities, particularly women andyouth. This will be demonstrated by means of communities that lead in theinnovation and adoption of more productive, diversified and resilientpractices and technologies; a farming community with leaders, particularlywomen and young leaders, who take a more proactive role in accessingand generating information that allows for their farming and livelihoodsystems to become more innovative, productive, profitable, resilient andfair; and a private sector, government, and social systems that are moreequitable and responsive to the needs of women and resource-poorfarmers. With this enhanced capacity, more equitable leadership andresponsive systems farming communities will make more effective use ofwater, land and biodiversity resources, have better access information andmarkets and continually adapt to a dynamic Khulna floodplain system.
Our Starting PointWe believe in and seek to harnessan immense and inherent potentialfor:1. People to innovate and adapt2. Continued and sustainableimprovements in aquaticagricultural systems in the polderzone
1. Sustainable Increases inSystem Productivity2. Equitable Access toMarkets4. Gender Equity5. Policies and Institutions toEmpower AAS Users3. Socio-EcologicalResilience and AdaptiveCapacity6. Knowledge, Sharing,Learning and InnovationAAS Research Themes
Norms for greater genderequity at the household,community and hub levels isestablished.Farmers lead, haveimproved understanding ofand have improved access tomodern science andtechnologyPrivate sector, governmentand NGO services andstructures are poor-responsiveSustainablereductions inpoverty &improvements inNutritionStrategic Changes:Greater gender equity inhousehold decision-makingIncluding food decisionsMore control and/orownership of monetary andother productive resources bywomenWomen playing moreinfluential roles in communitygovernanceWomen are respected asimportant economic actors thelocal economyGovernment policies supportgender equity and areimplementedWomen and the poor haveorganized group approaches togain voice and power innegotiationsStrategic Changes:Farmers have enhanced scienceskills which they use to doresearch, analyze research andshare it with other farmers andcommunities.Farmers are aware of andlinked to key sources ofinformation and scienceFormal sector researchers andscientists regularlycommunicate and engage withfarmer scientistsFarmers are linked to andshare their research andknowledge with othercommunity members andadjacent communitiesCGIAR scientists activelysupport and link their researchto community based researchagendasStrategic Changes:Agriculture input systems arewomen and poor responsive.Agriculture informationsystems are developed withwomen and poor as specifictarget audiences and theirstructures are designed for thispurpose.Markets are women and poor-friendly in terms ofparticipation in buy, selling andnegotiating prices.Women are involved in andtheir opinions equal for waterand other common resourcecommitteesWomen and the poor haveorganized group approaches togain voice and power innegotiationsKHULNA HUB LEVEL THEORY OF CHANGEX X =Red font isprobable linkagewith CSISA
PROGRAM OF FARMER ANDCOMMUNITY LEDRESEARCH ANDINNOVATION AGENDAS 1-6PROGRAM SUPPORTIVERESEARCH FOCUSED ONAGENDAS 1-6Prioritization of ResearchableParticipatory TechnologyDevelopment AgendasEstablish partnerships for research
Issues prioritization process1. Prepared list of issues2. Prepare ballot box and cards
3. Individual voting4. Counting, analyzing and discussing
020000400006000080000100000Livestock Poultry Aquaculture Vegetables Fruits FreshwaterAmountinTakaWomen=100, Men=100, Total Taka=400,000 (@Tk 2000/person)High Saline: Satkhira (Homestead Agriculture)Women Men
050000100000150000200000Livestock Poultry Aquaculture Vegetables Fruits FreshwaterWomen=200, Men 200, Total Taka= 800,000 (@Tk 2000/person)Medium Saline: Khulna (2 polders) HomesteadAgricultureWomen Men Total
020000400006000080000100000120000Livestock Poultry Aquaculture Vegetables Fruits FreshwaterAmountinTakaWomen=100, Men=100 Total Tk= 400,000 (@Tk 2000/person)Low Saline: Barguna (Homestead Agriculture)Women Men Total
050000100000150000200000AmountinTakaWomen=100, Men=100, Total Taka = 400,000 (@Tk 2000/person)High saline: Satkhira (Field Agriculture)Women Men Total
050000100000150000200000250000Women=200, Men=200, Total Taka=800,000 (@Tk 2000/person)Medium Saline: Khulna Field AgricultureWomen Men Total
020000400006000080000100000AmountinTakaWomen = 100, Men=100 Total Taka=400,000 (@Tk 2000/person)Low Saline: Barguna (Field Agriculture)Women Men Total
A RESEARCH IN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM OF TWO LINKEDAND COMPLEMENTARY LEVELS OF RESEARCHProgramof System-LevelAction Research&Strategic ResearchAgendasCommunityVision-InformedResearcherLedCommunity LevelProgram of ActionResearch,Inquiry andCapacity BuildingResearcher, NGO& P. S. SupportFarmer andCommunity LedSCIENCEOUTPUTSDEVELOPMENTOUTCOMESPLATFORM FORPRACTICE, KNOWLEDGE, COORDINATION &COMMUNICATION
OBSERVATIONLow riceproductionRESPONSEBreedingDefine salinityFertilizer trialsSlow adoption ofnewvarieties, lowinput useDemonstrationsParticipatoryselectionTrainingShare cropsystem (1/3 ofharvest). Noaccess to credit.No control overwater.??????Must have “own”local rice varietiesfor ownconsumption andguests????The WorldFish work on “challenged ponds” is exploring this same model: Why is therelow productivity? Is it a lack of technology? Is it a lack of understanding of women’sobjectives? Cultural barriers? Are there other underlying factors (e.g. multiple ownership)?
RESEARCHERS BUILD SKILLSTO UNDERSTANDWOMENFARMER’ PROBLEMSWOMEN– RESEARCHERRELATIONSHIPDEVELOPMENTWOMEN– FISH SEED DEALERRELATIONSHIP BUILDINGWOMEN FARMERS LEARNFROM EACH OTHER ANDSHARERESEARCHERS BUILD SKILLS TOAPPROACH PROBLEMS FROM ADIVERSITY OF ANGLES THAT THEYNEED TO BRING ADDITIONALEXPERTISE INTODEVEOPMENT OFMORE WOMENRESPONSIVEAQUACULTUREINPUTSMORE WOMENRESPONSIVEFISHERIES ANDAQUACUTURERESEARCHMORE RESEARCH ONPROBLEMS FACED BYFARMERS IN“CHALLENGED”SYSTEMSIMPACT: REDUCEDPOVERTY, INCREASED NUTRITION, ETC.EMBED ALLPROCESSES IN BI-LATERAL /GOVTDEVELOPMENTPROGRAMS FORSCALERESEARCHERADVISORY TEAMESTABLISHED TOPROVIDE PEERBACKSTOPPINGGREATERADAPTATION OFTECHNOLOGIESINCREASEDAND/ORCONTINUAL FISHPRODUCTIONINCREASEDNATURAL FISHPOPULATIONIMPROVED ANDINCREASEDCOMMUNITYMANAGEMENT OFNATURAL FISHINCREASEDDIVERSITY OFFISHTESTINGAQUACULTUREAND FISHERIESOPTIONSResearcher-LedCHALLENGEDPONDSResearch
RESEARCHERS BUILD SKILLSTO UNDERSTANDWOMENFARMER’ PROBLEMSWOMEN– RESEARCHERRELATIONSHIPDEVELOPMENTWOMEN– LINKAGES TOVETERINARY SERVICES ANDFODDER MARKETSWOMEN FARMERS LEARNFROM EACH OTHER ANDSHARERESEARCHERS BUILD SKILLS TOAPPROACH PROBLEMS FROM ADIVERSITY OF ANGLES THAT THEYNEED TO BRING ADDITIONALEXPERTISE INTODEVEOPMENT OFMORE WOMENRESPONSIVELIVESTOCKSERVICESMORE WOMENRESPONSIVELIVESTOCKRESEARCHMORE RESEARCH ONPROBLEMS FACED BYFARMERS WITHLIMITED LAND ANDLIVESTOCKIMPACT: REDUCEDPOVERTY, INCREASED NUTRITION, ETC.EMBED ALLPROCESSES IN BI-LATERAL /GOVTDEVELOPMENTPROGRAMS FORSCALERESEARCHERADVISORY TEAMESTABLISHED TORECOMMEND ANDOVERSEE FARMERRESEARCHGREATERADAPTATION OFTECHNOLOGIESINCREASED ACCESSTO QUALITY &DIVERSITY OFFODDERINCREASEDLIVESTOCKPROFITS &PRODUCTIONINCREASEDMARKETS ANDPRICES FORFODDERIMPROVEDLIVESTOCKHEALTHTESTINGAVAILABLEFODDER VARIETIESUNDER DIVERSEENVIRONMENTSFarmer-LedResearch onLivestock FodderProduction
SET FARMERPRIORITIES,AGREEMENTSANDPLANNINGFIELD DAYS,ANALYSIS &PLANNINGINITIATE, IMPLEMENT & MONITORRESEARCHCROSS COMMUNITY VISITS AND SHARINGPARTRAININGPROCESS DOCUMENTAITON & KSL NETWORKDEVELOPMENTPROCESS ANALYSIS,FEEDBACK AND REVIEWPROBLEM IDENTIFICATION,ANALYSIS AND BEST PRACTICERECOMMENDATIONSSTAFF TRAINING AND SUPPORT,REGULAR FIELD VISITS FORPROBLEM SOLVING , ADAPTATION &RECOMMENDATIONSANALYSIS, FEEDBACK ANDREPORT WRITINGFARMER-LED RESEARCH AND EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING CYCLESCIENCE THEME TEAM PROGRAM OF SUPPORTPAR, GENDER AND COMMUNICATION PROCESSES SUPPORT TEAMRESEARCHDESIGN
Research Theme Research ActivityTheme 1: ProductivityCommunity-Led Research on seed quality andproductivity of horticulture crops forhomestead.Community-Led Research on diversification offield crops options.Community-Led Research on livestock fodderproduction.Researcher-Led participatory research onproductivity for shaded, multi-purpose ponds.Theme 2: MarketsCommunity-Led investigations for livestockfodder value chains.Researcher-Led Livestock fodder value chainanalysisTheme 3: EcologyResearcher-Led rice field fish habitatrestoration..Researcher-led modeling of productivity andresilience of sarjon systems under changingclimate situationsResearcher-Led benchmarking ofagrobiodiversity in the AAS operational areas.
Theme 4: PoliciesNo research programs will beimplemented in 2013 that have a directfocus on policy and institutions.Theme 5: GenderResearcher-Led benchmarking of currenttime allocation and resource utilization offamily members,Researcher-Led discussions more gender-equitable decision-making at thehousehold levelResearcher-led benchmarking of equitableintra-household food distribution andconsumptionTheme 6: KnowledgeIn 2012 the AAS program ofimplementation documentation finalized.In 2013 a knowledge sharing and learning(KSL) platform will be established tosupport the hub program-of-work.