Inter-Regional Cooperation, FORAGRO,Dr. M. Allegri


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Inter-Regional Cooperation, FORAGRO,Dr. M. Allegri

  1. 1. FORAGRO Forum for the Americas on Agricultural Research and Technology Development 11th General Conference of AARINENA 12-14 October 2008, Damascus-Syria Progress and Achievements 2006-2008
  2. 3. FORAGRO FARA APAARI AARINENA EFARD CAACARI Global Forum of Agricultural Research
  3. 4. Public Sector Agricultural Producers NGOs Universities Private Sector <ul><li>DIALOGUE </li></ul><ul><li>ARTICULATION </li></ul><ul><li>ALLIANCES </li></ul><ul><li>ADVOCACY ROLE (R&D political positioning) </li></ul><ul><li>S&T DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>Executive Committee International Organizations NARIs Stakeholders, functions and organization… Technical Secretariat
  4. 5. <ul><li>GFAR 2006 hopes to contribute and influence significantly in mapping out the direction for a re-oriented agricultural research </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Until the 50´s - Units of the Ministries of Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>50´s - 70´s - Creations of NARIs (INTA Argentina, INIAP Ecuador, INIA Mexico, ICA Colombia, INIA Chile, EMBRAPA Brasil, INIA Perú, FONAIAP Venezuela, IBTA Bolivia, INTA Nicaragua) </li></ul><ul><li>80´s - 2000´s- Reformulations and Creations of NARIs (INIA Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Perú, …... ) </li></ul><ul><li>2000´s - National Innovation Systems (NIS Uruguay) </li></ul>Institutional Evolution National Level
  6. 7. <ul><li>1971 Internationals Centers, CGIAR </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Global Forum of Agricultural Research, GFAR </li></ul><ul><li>1955 – IICA </li></ul><ul><li>1980 – PROCIs </li></ul><ul><li>1996 – FORAGRO </li></ul><ul><li>1998 – FONTAGRO </li></ul><ul><li>2002 – INIAs Iberoamerica </li></ul>Towards Innovation Systems <ul><li>2000 Millenium Development Goals, UN </li></ul>Institutional Evolution Institutional Evolution International Level Regional Level
  7. 8. The Second External Review of GFAR, 2 007 New Challenges and Perspectives for GFAR <ul><li>FORAGRO’s strength lies in building and strengthening its Sub-Regional organizations and playing a coordinating role to harness efforts of its Sub-Regional organizations </li></ul><ul><li>The fostering of Inter-Regional Partnerships between the Fora should be emphasized </li></ul><ul><li>GFAR plays its catalytic role in promoting capacity development and exchange of experience on policy design and analysis, advocacy and strategic thinking </li></ul>
  8. 9. Problems Global, Complex, Interconnected and Interdependence Approaches Integrals, Holistic, Systemic and Ecological Multi- disciplinary, Inter- institutional, Collaborative Regional and International Cooperation
  9. 10. Key elements for Regional Cooperation <ul><li>Common regional opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Common threats </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid duplication of efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Economies of scale and scope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological “spillovers” and “spill-ins” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversity of technological demands </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation for institutional survival </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy and efficiency of R&D processes </li></ul>
  11. 12. NARSs Hemispheric System for Cooperation among Countries in Agricultural R & D
  12. 13. N E T W O R D S N E T W O R D S R&D Agencies from Developed Countries NARSs Millennium Development Goals CIP CIP
  13. 14. Purposes of the Forum’s Work Program during the period 2006-2008 <ul><li>Consolidation of the Forum for Dialogue among different stakeholders on agriculture from the technological perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Execution of FORAGRO’s lines of work under the Plan of Action 2006-2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Promote closer coordination and strategic partnerships among the actors that conform the Regional R&D System </li></ul><ul><li>Undertake efforts to link the technological institutional framework more closely with the GFAR </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy for the repositioning of agricultural research and innovation in national and regional political agendas </li></ul>
  14. 15. FORAGRO’s Lines of Action <ul><ul><li>Hemispheric Dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for a Regional R&D Agenda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity building: exchange of experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prospective studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information management for R&D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presence and lobby for R&D in relevant For a </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support of the Regional R&D System </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>ACHIEVEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>2006-2008 </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Electronic Forum among a wide range of actors on institutional policies and transformations as input for the Ministerial Meeting in Guatemala 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Forum and Declaration release in the 4th Ministerial Meeting in Guatemala 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of the 5 th International Meeting of FORAGRO… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Institutional Innovations to face new challenges for Agricultural Development in the Americas“ </li></ul></ul>Line of Action 1: Hemispheric Dialogue
  17. 18. Celebration of the Executive Committee and the FORAGRO Plan of Action (FPA) <ul><li>FORAGRO’s Executive Committee met in September 2006 in Montevideo </li></ul><ul><li>Election of President, and Vice-Presidents of NARs, Private sector, Universities and NGO </li></ul><ul><li>FPA 2006-2008 approval </li></ul><ul><li>Decision to hold the 5th International Meeting of FORAGRO in Montevideo in 2008 </li></ul>
  18. 19. V INTERNATIONAL MEETING of FORAGRO V REUNION INTERNACIONAL de FORAGRO “ Innovaciones Institucionales para una Agricultura con Conocimiento en las Américas del Siglo XXI ” Montevideo, Uruguay - 2008
  19. 20. Mission <ul><ul><li>for R&D in relevant For a </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support of the Regional R&D System </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Celebration of the Fifth International Meeting of FORAGRO - Montevideo, 2008 <ul><li>Focus: Institutional innovations for an agriculture with knowledge in the Americas in the 21st century. </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of priority issues from this perspective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strategic role of agriculture for development and food security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>protection of public goods and information management; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>family / small-scale agriculture; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>impact of science and technology on poverty reduction; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>climate change and agro-energy; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>agro-biodiversity and safe use of agro-biotechnologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>current levels of funding for research in LAC countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Space for dialogue on CGIAR’s current process of change and the perspective of Latin America and the Caribbean. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to interact with GFAR and other member Regional Fora and to promote cooperation between continents </li></ul>
  21. 22. Mission
  22. 23. Final Agreements in the Declaration of Montevideo 2008 <ul><li>Most relevant topics for Hemispheric Cooperation : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of the protection of public goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of information, communication and collaborative learning among actors for technological innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation to climate change with a focus on soil and water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and innovation to support family agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation and use of genetic resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development and safe use of new agricultural biotechnologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological innovations for sustainable agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of agro-energy without affecting food security </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Final Agreements in the Declaration of Montevideo 2008 <ul><li>Proposals to be implemented : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen and consolidate FORAGRO as the mechanism for dialogue and coordination between the different stakeholders, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote the development of a programme on institutional innovations for research, extension and technological innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidate the articulation among regional programmes and networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve investment levels in technological R&I in the region and strengthen FONTAGRO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensify the links of the Region with GFAR and with other Regional Fora , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote a renewed agenda of the CGIAR in LAC and new strategic partnerships with the Centers on priority topics. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Line of Action 2: Support for a Regional R&D Agenda <ul><li>State of the art in regard to four of the priority topics : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological Innovation and Agribusiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation and Plant Genetic Resource Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agro-biotechnologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Natural Resource Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New projects FORAGRO/IICA-GFAR negotiated and/or initiated or developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family Agriculture and Technological Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information management for agricultural R&D: indicators, successful cases and sensitization strategy for LAC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPP Linking Farmers to Markets : Successful cases in LAC </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Line of Action 3: Capacity building and exchange of experiences <ul><li>Paper on “Concepts, policies and guidelines for the implementation of institutional innovations in agricultural research” </li></ul><ul><li>“ International Seminar on Institutional Innovations: Hemispheric and National Perspectives”, held in Uruguay </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop on “Intellectual Property Rights” </li></ul>
  26. 27. Line of Action 4: Prospective Studies <ul><li>Periodic analyses of the performance of, and outlook for, agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean and implications for R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Report on “ Performance of Latin American and Caribbean Agriculture from the Technological Perspective ” shared through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological Forum and Ministerial Meeting, Guatemala 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Board meetings of the PROCIs; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of the State of and Outlook for Agricultural and Rural Life in the Americas biannual report prepared by IICA. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PCCMCA (Central American Cooperative Program for the Improvement of Crops and Livestock) </li></ul><ul><li>Websites, … </li></ul>
  27. 28. Line of Action 5: Information Management for R&D <ul><li>Information sharing on science and technology through the continued operation of </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy and institutional policies on information management for research and innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper on advocacy strategy on IM for R&D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publication on success stories in the use of ICTs for Ag R&I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic profile of technical information management in NARIs in LAC </li></ul></ul>
  28. 29. Line of Action 6: Presence and lobby for R&D in relevant fora <ul><li>Ministerial Meeting on Agriculture, Guatemala 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>ERA/ARD: Member of the SAG Group. Maribor, Slovenia, and Madrid, Spain, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>CGIAR Executive Committee, ExCo, in Madrid and Rome,2007, Ottawa and Lisboa, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>GFAR : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive Committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triennial Conference, New Delhi, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statutory Meetings in Washington, 2006. and Beijing, 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic Planning and Business Plan, Egypt 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IAASTD ---World Bank: Montepellier, Costa Rica, 2006, Washington, 2007, and Johannesburg, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings of INIAs Ibero-American, in INTA Argentina and INIA Uruguay, 2007; and Aragon, Spain, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>PIA Meeting , CIRAD/INRA, Paris, France, 2008 </li></ul>
  29. 30. Line of Action 7: Support for the Regional R&D System <ul><li>PROCIS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New cooperation agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Priorities (redefinition, updating) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thematic networks or platforms in operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formulation and execution of specific cooperative research projects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FONTAGRO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>56 regional research projects estimated at US$ 15.7 millions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important benefits according to impact evaluation in different dimensions (economic, environmental, social and institutional) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent call for competitive projects on adaptation on climate change </li></ul></ul>PROCITROPICOS PROCISUR SICTA PROCICARIBE PROCIANDINO PROCINORTE PROMECAFE
  30. 31. Priorities Mega Eco-Systems
  31. 32. FORAGRO: Pending tasks <ul><li>Strengthen the participation of stakeholders at the different levels of action of the Forum </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to the rethinking of the Regional System </li></ul><ul><li>Increase influence in political and socioeconomic environments for the valorization of R&I. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase inter-regional articulation within the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>Promote inter-regional articulation in the scope of GFAR </li></ul><ul><li>Funding strategy for proposed actions and for the strengthening of the Technical Secretariat. </li></ul>
  32. 33. Enabling Effective Partnerships <ul><li>Centers must work with a wide range of partners to create high-quality research outputs that contribute towards the alleviation of poverty and development of appropriate research institutions in the countries concerned </li></ul><ul><li>Partners should be involved in the strategy development as well as implementation of the research agenda </li></ul><ul><li>A revitalized GFAR would be the most appropriate institutional mechanism to facilitate these interactions . GFAR would enable the Consortium to optimize linkages with CSOs, NGOs private sector and other partners </li></ul>
  33. 34. Enabling Effective Partnerships <ul><li>Conducting research for development requires strong partnerships : </li></ul><ul><li>- in the definition of the work program </li></ul><ul><li>- in the performance of research and in obtaining research outputs and developments impact </li></ul><ul><li>GFAR and Regional Fora have a major role to play in this stage of the process </li></ul><ul><li>A special funding mechanism to support an effective role by GFAR and Regional Fora, be considered as part of the cost of doing research with input from stakeholders , and is better adjusted to the real opportunities and needs of the beneficiaries </li></ul>
  34. 35. Independent Review of the CGIAR System <ul><li>A rebalanced partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Fora for CGIAR engagement with NARSs included Regional and Sub-Regional Organizations and GFAR </li></ul><ul><li>At the Center level NARSs remain key partners </li></ul><ul><li>More collaboration than competition </li></ul><ul><li>NARSs to play a greater role in priority setting and influencing the research agenda – better understanding of local, issues, needs and priorities </li></ul><ul><li>To work on an equal partner level with NARSs </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened GFAR – the most appropriate institutional mechanism to organize this process </li></ul>
  35. 36. Thanks !!