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ICM Status Report in WANA Region ,2011
 

ICM Status Report in WANA Region ,2011

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  • The need to reduce rural poverty and improve sustainable livelihoods for the rural population is urgent in the region
  • In the research sector itself, scientists need to keep themselves up-to-date with international research.Policy makers need to understand national needs, capacities, agricultural production, and other information to plan for agricultural development and the research to support it.
  • AARINENA has recognized that the value of expanding the use of modern ICTs in agricultural research for development in WANA Region , will facilitate the exchange of information and knowledge among certain key stakeholders, and thereby facilitate the sustainable development of the region.
  • At the ICT Inter-regional meeting held at Cairo, May 2005
  • NARIMS , a web based information system for managing research institutions information and one of the most  important Project in the Region, has been developed by CLAES in  Egypt. It has covered the first phase of the plan.
  • NARIMS , a web based information system for managing research institutions information and one of the most  important Project in the Region, has been developed by CLAES in  Egypt. It has covered the first phase of the plan.
  • Our goal to make such a report in the region is to assess the status of ICT/ICM use in agricultural information systems at the national level in the Near East and North Africa Region. By getting information and analysis through this report , we can improve our underestanding related to the ICT/ICM issues , we can help policy makers and managers to adopt better management and NARS in the region of course can manage better the agricultural information flow, as everybody can access the information; so we empover and strengthen the exchanging and sharing information. It is important to know the status of ICT/ICM in agricultural research for development so as to understand and foster the application of ICT/ICM in agricultural development by different stakeholders.
  • What we have assesses ? What was our indicators in this report? The framework for this report employs the indicators that are assessed to know the status of ICT/ICM at the national level in agricultural research and innovation of the Near East and North Africa region. The indicators are related to the following concepts that constitute the ICT/ICM use of the research and innovation systems:
  • These are our indicators in this report; as you see first of all we tried to recognize and analyze the ICT infrastructure which covers information related to the hardware, software, connectivity , skill,…Then we go through the Information systems which cover information related to the website, email domains, use of web 2.0 tools.The third indicator is related to the policies and strategies which is very important and it is the basement of a fruitful system in any national , regional or international process. We tried to find out if there is any policy and standards at the national level s related to the ICT/ ICM. The contents are another main indicator which help us to find out , how is the present status of the scientific , technical and research data in the region.
  • Data on the indicators were elicited from ICM managers and NINPs of national systems for agricultural research and innovation through a structured questionnaire. The respondents were asked to respond on a four-point scale indicating the status of ICT/ICM use in their NARS .
  • The respondents were asked to respond on a four-point scale indicating the status of ICT/ICM use in their NARS , as you see here we have four –point scale as Developed, Emerging, poor or not even exists;
  • This is an example of a filled questionnaire by one of the countries in the region. As you see they have mentioned the situation of their national system through the 4 point scale which I have mentioned.
  • 14 ICM mangers representing the national systems in the Near East and North Africa region who have participated in AARINENA- CIARD training of trainers workshop, provided their responses to the questionnaire survey. Actually AARINENA sent an invitation to all regional countries to nominate a representative to participate in this workshop and to fill out the questionnaire. These are the countries which we receive the positive responses and representatives from them as you see.
  • If we divide them based on the AARINENA five sub-regions , we can say that we have received information from the following Sub-region : from Arabian Peninsula, only Oman has participated in the CIARD workshop and filled out the questionnaire. From Maghreb sub-region, except Libya, which I think because of the situation on that time in their country they didn’t respond the invitation, all other countries in the Maghreb sub-region have had their representatives or NINPs in the workshop and they filled out the questionnaire. From Mashreq sub-region, except Iraq, we had all filled questionnaires from the countries in this sub-region. From Nile valley and Red Sea and also from West Asia sub-regions, we had all countries information through the filled questionnaires by their NINPs. Related to data on Pakistan, we have received it through APAARI which have done the same report for the ASIA –pacific region. As Pakistan is a member of APAARI as well.
  • So our sources to prepare the WANA ICT/ICM report could be mentioned as following: The questionnaires, The country reports and the documents available on AARINENA archive such as previous reports, previous country report, and all documents on the related subject which are available on Internet; we also were benefited from APAARI ICM/ICT status report which has been prepared in the same time with us, and of course one of our main sources in this regard as always was GFAR and their valuable staff, specially Dr. Ajitmaru that I would like to convey my deep appreciation to him for his endless support and cooperation .
  • Based on the received questionnaire, we have prepared about 20 tables to manage and organize the data based on the indicators. It means that each mentioned indicators has all related data in a separate table
  • The first table is related to the ICT Infrastructure and Capacity.The ICT components that included hardware, software, networking, wireless, computer systems, Internet access, mailing systems, servers, videoconferencing equipment are the building blocks that constitutes ICT infrastructure in an organisation.
  • Many national systems indicated that they have basic support systems like electricity, telephone and fax in their organizations. It is observed from the Table 1 that availability of hardware and other ICT components in the NARS is almost fully available, with regard to computer systems, peripherals, internet connectivity, and network equipment. Similarly, web servers and mail servers which are essential parts of networking and communication for both within and outside national agricultural organizations are fully available .
  • web servers and mail servers which are essential parts of networking and communication for both within and outside national agricultural organizations are fully available .
  • An important new ICT technology like video conferencing facility is available in 8 countries in the region such as Algeria, Cyprus, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey. it is missing or emerging in rest of the countries and hence are not used for communication within the national systems of agricultural research or with the outside world domestically or internationally. It is interesting to note that the community radio is now emerging or already developed as an important tool for communication in most of national systems. This shows that the ICTs enable greater community participation such as community radio are now playing a major role in disseminating information to communities in the remote and rural areas. These are very important developments for communicating content that is adapted to local use and meets the needs of local agricultural communities and individuals. When and if connected to other sources of information and communication both traditional such as print and postal services, radio (medium wave broadcasts, Internet), TV (Cable, Direct to Home, Broadcast) now largely in place and new such as the Internet through 3G+ technologies and Wimax broadband can open up multiple and mixed channels for communication to communities in rural areas including those related to agriculture.
  • assessment of network components and software systems is made to find out the status of network readiness and software availability in NARS. As shown in the table 2, the Internet connectivity in almost all the NARS is mostly well established or emerging in some of them. in the broadband capacities, most of the NARS have well developed internet connectivity.
  • The intranet is also mostly established in most NARS in the region.Networking facilities such as Wide Area Network (WAN), Virtual Private Networks (VPN) and WiFi connectivity exists in developed NARS and some of the developing NARS still in emerging phase.
  • Advance network communication systems like use of satellite communication and mobile satellite vehicles for agricultural research and extension purpose is limited to most advanced countries like Algeria, Iran and Lebanon.With regard to software availability, most of the NARS have operating system, office automation suits and database application software tools. These are ranged from highly proprietary software such as Microsoft Windows; Windows XP; UNIX based operating systems, MS Office, commercial database software for database development.
  • It is reported that use of Open Source Software is not encouraging in some countries in the region such as Algeria, Pakistan, Turkey and Yemen. Perhaps, this relates to lack of capacities in these countries which hinder the use of Open Source Software tools and application which are otherwise free of cost and can be customized as per the local needs. It also denote that there is a need for advocating spread of such Open Source Software tools and applications which are now become standards for greater integration and coherence in data sharing and information exchange.
  • Human capacity is vital for efficient use and management of ICT/ICM in NARS. Capacities of information and communication managers, who generate, process, organize and disseminate information with the help of ICT tools and technologies need to have basic computing skills in addition to expertise in the agricultural subject domain. They need to posses advanced skills related to programming, database management, network administration in addition to soft skills related to website content management, multimedia production and data analysis and interpretation which needs not only highly ICT skills but also specialized related to information management, content creation and organization skills to disseminate information efficiently across the network platforms.
  • most of NARS in the regions have required skills in basic computing, internet and e-mail, programming, database management, network administration etc.Few of NARS the skills of programming and network management are still emerging or in poor.
  • Since the HRD policies in place to develop cadre in ICT/ICM area in most countries in the region are emerging such as Lebanon, Pakistan, Oman, Tunisia, Turkey and Yemen, while in Morocco is poor and in Algeria is not exists (as shown in table 3), this indicates the need for improving capacities of ICT cadre in agricultural organizations in the region. Perhaps, it may be due to poor human resource development strategies adopted by NARS to develop ICT capacities within their systems.Thus it may be concluded that most of the NARS in the region have progressed well in terms of developing the basic ICT infrastructure and support systems including computer systems, broadband internet connectivity, LAN facility equipped with software operating systems and office automation software. However, the advanced facilities like database management systems, WiFi, Videoconferencing and use of satellite and mobile internet are only available with most advanced NARS or developed NARS in the region. As far capacities, all NARS have skills in basic computing, internet and e-mail operation, whereas the skill sets in the areas of programming, database management, network administration, data analysis etc., is emerging in many developing NARS. The gaps in capacity building may be due to inadequate HRD policies which need to be addressed for proper cadre development.
  • An information system is defined as combination of information technology and people's activities using that technology to support operations, management. In a very broad sense, the term ‘information system’ is used to refer to the not only to the ICT an organization uses, but also to the way they share and exchange information with the stakeholders and interact with them in a NARS environment.Today, an organization shares information and interacts with its clients in a dynamic way with the help of information systems that are built around new ICT tools and technologies. These included website, e-mail systems, content management systems, use of Wiki, RSS feeds, Web 2.0 and Web 3.0.
  • As found from the table 4, share information through networks in most of the NARS such as Algeria, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey are emerging.All the NARS maintain website domains and disseminate information. But it was observed that only these websites are maintained with simple tools such as HTML editors but not with the help of content management systems (CMS) which are meant for updating the content more efficiently to keep the website always dynamic and interactive.The picture about use of social networking tools, web 2.0 and web 3.0, Wiki, RSS and blogs which improve participatory content creation and dialogue is not so encouraging. Perhaps, this may be again due to lack of awareness or capacity on how to harness these technologies or integrate with the existing websites and other information services and systems. The poor utilization of social media and web 2.0 / web 3.0 tools by NARS may be also due to institutional policies related to intellectual properties, copyrights, or even due to lack of support by institutional heads.
  • The picture about use of social networking tools, web 2.0 and web 3.0, Wiki, RSS and blogs which improve participatory content creation and dialogue is not so encouraging. Perhaps, this may be again due to lack of awareness or capacity on how to harness these technologies or integrate with the existing websites and other information services and systems. The poor utilization of social media and web 2.0 / web 3.0 tools by NARS may be also due to institutional policies related to intellectual properties, copyrights, or even due to lack of support by institutional heads.AlthoughNARS have overcome the initial phase of having a website domain, mail domain and some relevant content on the organizational activities on the website, there are still gaps in the information systems that need to be bridged in the NARS to provide access to dynamic information; ensure interaction / dialogue with stakeholders, participatory content creation, target information at individual level; integrate information services and system with the use of tools such as RSS, social media etc.
  • ICT policy generally covers three main areas: telecommunications (especially telephone communications), broadcasting (radio and TV) and the Internet. Policies are at national, regional or international levels and some influence each other hierarchicly for example international policies in telephone and Internet based telecommunications. Although policies are formally put in place by International, regional and national governments, different stakeholders and in particular the private sector make inputs into the policy process and affect their out-comes. The countries that have made most progress in achieving a transition to knowledge based societies are those that have produced policies that objectively assess the needs of stakeholders and users, develop a vision, identify and define objectives, especially for development, within the country, develop plans to overcome constraints, set timeframes, assign or raise resources, and specify measures that will be employed to achieve policy goals.
  • It is also still necessary to have clear policies laid out at national agricultural research and innovation systems level to integrate ICT/ICM in the agricultural research for development agenda.
  • With regard to implementation of global information standards, security systems and IPR related issues, the trends are not at all encouraging. Even some of the developed NARS do not follow global standards for managing ARD information, metadata standards and adopt proper intellectual property rights for sharing research information. This becomes barrier for data, information and knowledge exchange and integration at regional and global level.The issues of non-compliance with metadata standards, agricultural vocabularies, classification systems, IPR regulations and Acts etc., create obstacles in opening up the access to public funded research results to all stakeholders at national, regional and global levels.
  • Agricultural content refers to every possible data, information and knowledge that is useful and applicable to all type of stakeholders in the agricultural research and innovation system.
  • When we talk about content, It includes 1. Science and Technical Information, 2. Research Data, and 3. Research Management Information 4. Information for learning in agricultural communities such as for extension and education and 5. Market related information which informs producers how to participate effectively in markets .
  • Agricultural and related content is generated, processed and disseminated by several actors, intermediaries, and consumers of information and agricultural commodities in the agricultural value chains and associated innovation systems including research that contribute to improving the value chains. It is made available in different forms, in different formats, on different platforms for different clients for different purposes. It flows in many directions through many channels, many which are mixed, for example from print to radio. In other words, content and its flow is complex, highly need-based, targeted to specific users for a specific purpose and need at right time.
  • Only developed national systems are able to start open archive initiatives under special project with the help of different partners to open up research information to public.This may be due to that the cost of generating electronic information resources (CD-ROM database, on-line databases, on-line journals etc.). These resources are costly to generate and subscribe to and it is also costly to develop institutional repositories or building open archives to open up research results to public by any single institution or library.
  • majority of countries are offering print-based content in the form of catalogues, indexes, abstracts etc., but whereas they are slow in shifting these contents, especially related to agricultural projects, experts, and policy information to electronic platform for greater sharing at different levels.agricultural research and innovation system could take up such initiatives to offer content especially through on-line database. Investment into creation of such contents, motivation by staff, understanding the users’ needs and proper capacities are key issues to be considered for developing content on the electronic platforms.
  • Research Data and Information are usually made available in the form of raw data, organized, structured databases and analytical and dynamic information in the formats suitable for the users who are generally scientists, policy-makers, development workers etc., engaged in research activities research governance and policy-making and priority setting etc.
  • Table 7 shows that except few countries, all other countries are in emerging stage in with regard to availability of such highly vital data and information publicly and openly. There are encouraging signs that AR4D systems have started taking interest in database management, developing and using models, GIS systems and Knowledge based systems. These applications require greater collaboration and partnerships which are multi- and cross disciplinary and may span several units, department and Institutions to be functional, efficient, effective and useful.
  • ICT/ICM applications in agricultural research and innovation systems include library automation applications, applications for research data analysis using statistical approaches, models, GIS and knowledge based system, applications for research management tools, applications that enable learning applicable extension, education, organizational management marketing,etc., which are considered as the crucial interventions to enable all stakeholders in ARD community to employ knowledge-based agriculture and benefit from it.

ICM Status Report in WANA Region ,2011 ICM Status Report in WANA Region ,2011 Presentation Transcript

  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCEMEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT INWANA REGIONTaraneh Ebrahimi/ Mohammad MajdalawiNovember 2011
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONOutlines Introduction: Why ICT/ICM? History of RAIS in WANA Region Brief review of previous WANA ICT reports Scope and Methodology of the report Status of ICT/ICM in AR4D in the WANARegion Conclusion Recommendations
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONIntroduction Information and Communication Technology (ICT) hasbecome an essential component for development, notonly of the agricultural sector, but also of industrial,environmental, and service sectors as well. ICT is a crucial element in establishing the sustainabledevelopment in any country. New Information and Communication Management(ICM) techniques offer yet more effective managementof Agricultural Research for Development (AR4D).
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONIntroduction (cont.) Improving agricultural performance in thecountries of the region depends largely onthe transformation of its agricultural researchand development systems . Effective exchange of knowledge andinformation ,contribute to povertyeradication, food security, sustainabledevelopment and increased productivityand competitiveness.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONIntroduction (cont.) Science-based agricultural systems deliverreal benefits to farmers, processors andconsumers through the development andimplementation of new knowledgeexchange systems. Modern Information and CommunicationTechnologies (ICTs) and Management (ICM)have introduced a new dimension and, ifproperly applied, can help in promotingknowledge and information exchange.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA RegionThe Regional Agricultural InformationSystem(RAIS) serves as an informationrepository and exchange mechanismat the regional level, aiming tostrengthen, coordinate, and addvalue to initiatives by nationalprograms and those coordinated byregional and internationalorganizations.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.)In1998, AARINENA ExecutiveCommittee decided to establish of asuitable set of internet-based services(website, E-mail service, databases,…)to facilitate the information exchangewithin the Association.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) The first “Regional Information Strategy”report was prepared in February 2000 byDr. Ahmed Rafea. In this report ,the importance of Informationand Communication Technology (ICT) forthe agricultural domain in the region wasdiscussed and the status of ICT in the regionwas analyzed.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) A series of technical consultations andworkshops also organized by AARINENA, incollaboration with the Global Forum onAgricultural Research (GFAR) and the Foodand Agriculture Organization (FAO) . During AARINENA 7th General Conferencein Beirut in March 2000 , the RegionalInformation Strategy for AgriculturalResearch Development was approved.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) An expert consultation meeting in Cairo in 7October 2000 to develop a plan forimplementation of this strategy for the WANAregion. The AARINENA Executive Committee agreed inDecember 2001 to establish a Regional AgriculturalInformation System (RAIS). In 2002, the AARINENA-RAIS Secretariat has beenestablished in Iran , based on the proposal ofAgricultural Research Education and ExtensionOrganization (AREEO).
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) The first AARINENA website developed in 2002 withcollaboration and support of GFAR. It was releasedduring the 8th AARINENA GeneralConference, which was held in Amman, Jordan inJune 2002 (http://www.aarinena.org). In 2005 , Arabic version of the website wasenhanced by the valuable efforts of the FAO/RNE. Since 2008 , AARINENA website has beenupgraded using the new ICT technologies and webtools such as Web2.0, AARINENA blogs, discussionforum, wikispace,…etc.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) AARINENA ICT Steering Committee wasestablished upon the recommendation of theparticipants of AARINENA ICT ExpertConsultation held in February 2003 in Cairo,Egypt with the aim of strengthen RegionalAgricultural Information System in the region.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) The National Agricultural InformationSystems (NAIS) were recognized as thebuilding blocks of the RAIS providinginformation on institutions, experts, researchprojects and, research outputs, as well ascontributing to international systems.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.)The main constraints affecting thebuilding of an efficient RAIS wereidentified as being: Weak national capacities in informationand communication management andtechnology (ICM/T) in many of theAARINENA member countries Lack of cooperation and coordinationbetween the member countries.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) The Central Lab for Agricultural ExpertSystems (CLAES), Egypt, developed aproject on a “National AgriculturalResearch Information ManagementSystem” (NARIMS), with the support of FAOand GFAR between July 2004 and July 2006and the second phase, with the focus on ofthe tools in 2007.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) In 2006 , West Asia Agricultural ResearchersInformation system has been developed byAARINENA-RAIS secretariat. As it was a very useful tool to exchangeinformation between researchers in the Sub-region, we decided to develop it for thewhole Region. By this database, agriculturalresearchers could lead and managecommon projects with each other.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.)In May 2007, the AARINENA ExecutiveCommittee and the ICT-RAIS SteeringCommittee both endorsed theestablishment of a Near East Rural andAgricultural knowledge and InformationNetwork (NERAKIN), as proposed by FAO.NERAKIN-RAIS , the knowledge sharingand collaboration for developmentplatform was initiated and developed byFAO, endorsed by AARINENA and otherregional and international organizations.( http://www.nerakin.net)
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.)NERAKIN-RAIS , facilitated by FAO andAARINENA for improving regional andnational information infrastructure andbuilding common standards andplatform for knowledge exchangeand information management in theNear East and North Africa region.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.)The NERAKIN-RAIS has developed someRegional Thematic Network since 2008 :Regional Agricultural BiotechnologyNetwork Near East and North Africahttp://rabnena.netNear East Plant Protection Networkhttp://pp-neareast.net/Regional Aquaculture Information systemwww.raisaquaculture.net
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.)Preventive Desert Locust ManagementNetwork (EMPRES) and Commission forControlling the Desert Locust in theCentral Region (CRC) RegionalNetworkhttp://crc-empres.org/Near East and North Africa RegionalNetwork for Agricultural Policies.www.nenarnap.org
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.)Near East Virtual Extension and ResearchCommunication Network(VERCON)http://vercon-neareast.netRegional AgricultureNewswww.agriculturenews.net
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONHistory of RAIS in WANA Region(cont.) Establishment of National Information FocalUnits (NIFUs) in each country was identifiedas a high priority during The 3rd ICT-RAISSteering Committee meeting in Amman in2006. The fourth meeting of the ICT-RAIS SteeringCommittee in May 30, 2007 agreed on theneed for development of the capacity ofNIFUs, started with a workshop in Oman in2008
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONBrief review of previous WANA ICT reportsThe main results of the previous studies are as follows: Lack of qualified technical staff 100% of the countries recognized the urgentneed for technical training support to build thecapacity of their institutions computers were mainly used for officeautomation or using ready-made informationpackages such as CDS-ISIS Few countries had Data Base ManagementSystem (DBMS). No country had a complete NAIS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONBrief review of previous WANA ICT reports Lack of national policy on information management; Language barriers (need multilingual system); Poor communication at sub-regional level; Poor communications infrastructure in some counties(bandwidth)
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONBrief review of previous WANA ICT reports 50% of the countries were not satisfiedwith the system they had right that year,and the other 50% although satisfied,they did not have a complete system orindicate that they want to modify it. Few countries had expressed givingpriority to the Institutions InformationSystem. Countries indicated that they did nothave the human capacity to developthe NAIS.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology of thereport To assess the status of ICT/ICM use in agriculturalinformation systems at the national level in the NearEast and North Africa Region. Availability of information on the status of ICT/ICM inagricultural research systems may improve: Understanding Help policy making Adopt better management and technical modelsto manage agricultural information flows at thenational level by NARS and other groups of ARDstakeholders.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology of thereport(cont.)The assessment of ICT/ICM in NAISwould be an assessment of thefollowing: ICT/ICM infrastructure Information services rendered by NAIS ICT/ICM applications in NAIS Policies and strategies that supportICT/ICM use
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology ofthe report(cont.)The indicators ICT infrastructure– hardware, software,connectivity, skills etc. Information systems – website, e-mail domains,use of web 2.0 tools etc. Policy and strategies – organizational policies,adoption of standards, IPR issues etc. Contents - Scientific and technical information,research data, research management etc.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology of thereport(cont.) ICT applications – Library applications, applicationsfor research data analysis, applications for researchmanagement, applications for extension, marketing,education and organizational management etc. Information and communication services – scientificand technical information, research information,research management information, extension andadvisory, market, education information etc. Information and communication channels – variouschannels used by NARS to communicate anddisseminate information and knowledge.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology ofthe report(cont.)
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology ofthe report(cont.) Developed = Emerging = Poor = Not exists =↑○x
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology ofthe report(cont.)
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology ofthe report(cont.) A total of 14 ICM mangers representing thenational systems in the Near East and NorthAfrica region provided their responses to thequestionnaire survey:Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco,Oman, Palestinian Authority, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkeyand Yemen.Information related to Pakistan , was copied from APAARI ICM StatusReport 2011.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology ofthe report(cont.) Arabian Peninsula Sub-Region : Oman Maghreb Sub-Region:Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Mashreq Sub-Region :Cyprus, Jordan, Lebanon, PalestinianAuthority and Syria Nile Valley & Red Sea Sub-Region:Egypt, Sudan, Yemen West Asia Sub-Region:
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONScope and Methodology of thereport(cont.)This report is generated through : Responses to the survey of questionnaires. Country status papers presented by ICM managers (NINPsand NARS representatives) in the "Training of TrainersWorkshop on Coherence in Information for AgriculturalResearch for Development (CIARD), held in October,2011 at Amman. documents available on Internet and websites ofagricultural research and innovation systems, includingthose of AARINENA members in the region and referencesfrom recent reports and literature on the subjectconducted by AARINENA.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA Region About 16 tables have been prepared Each table for an Indicator or a relatedsub-indicator.
  • TABLE 1: ICT INFRASTRUCTURE: AVAILABILITY OFHARDWARE AND OTHER ICT COMPONENTS IN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 1: ICT Infrastructure: Availability of Hardwareand other ICT Components in NARS Basic support systems likeelectricity, telephone and fax areavailable at national systems. Full availability of hardware and other ICTcomponents in the NARS with regard tocomputer systems, peripherals, internetconnectivity, and network equipment.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 1: ICT Infrastructure: Availability of Hardwareand other ICT Components in NARS web servers and mail servers are fullyavailable. Full availability of hardware and otherICT components in the NARS with regardto computersystems, peripherals, internetconnectivity, and network equipment.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 1: ICT Infrastructure: Availability of Hardwareand other ICT Components in NARS video conferencing facility is available in 8countries in the region . The community radio is emerging or alreadydeveloped in most of national systems The cellular phones are almost fully availablein all the NARS.
  • TABLE 2. ICT INFRASTRUCTURE: AVAILABILITY OF NETWORKING COMPONENTS AND SOFTWAREIN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 2: ICT Infrastructure: Availability of Hardwareand other ICT Components in NARS The Internet connectivity in almost all theNARS is mostly well established oremerging in some of them. In the broadband capacities, most of theNARS have well developed internetconnectivity.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 2: ICT Infrastructure: Availability of Hardwareand other ICT Components in NARS The intranet is also mostly established inmost NARS in the region. Networking facilities such as Wide AreaNetwork (WAN), Virtual Private Networks(VPN) and WiFi connectivity exists insome of the NARS and some of them stillin emerging phase.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 2: ICT Infrastructure: Availability of Hardwareand other ICT Components in NARS Satellite communication and mobilesatellite vehicles for agricultural researchand extension purpose is limited. Most of the NARS have operating system,office automation suits and databaseapplication software tools.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 2: ICT Infrastructure: Availability of Hardwareand other ICT Components in NARS Open Source Software is not encouragingin some countries .
  • TABLE 3: ICM SKILLS AND CAPACITIES IN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 3: ICM skills and capacities in NARS Most of NARS in the regions haverequired skills in basic computing, internetand e-mail, programming, databasemanagement, network administrationetc.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D inthe WANA RegionTable 3: ICM skills and capacities in NARS HRD Policy in ICT/ICM in most countries inthe region are emerging , poor or notexists.
  • TABLE 4: ICM SUPPORT TO INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 4: ICM support to information systems in NARS Sharing information through networks inmost of the NARS are emerging. All the NARS maintain website domains anddisseminate information. Use of social networking tools, web 2.0 andweb 3.0, Wiki, RSS and blogs which improveparticipatory content creation anddialogue is not so encouraging.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 4: ICM support to information systems in NARS Use of social networking tools, web 2.0 andweb 3.0, Wiki, RSS and blogs which improveparticipatory content creation anddialogue is not so encouraging.
  • TABLE 5. POLICY AND STRATEGY SUPPORT TO ICM IN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 5: Policy and strategy support to ICM in NARS Most of the national systems are stillevolving policies or struggling with poorpolicy support. Agricultural policies of most of the countriesin the region do not have adequate clarityand strategies on how ICT/ICM can and areto be use in agricultural development.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 5: Policy and strategy support to ICM in NARS Very few NARS follow global standards formanaging ARD information, metadatastandards and adopt proper intellectualproperty rights for sharing researchinformation.
  • TABLE 6. CONTENT INDICATORS: AVAILABILITY OF SCIENTIFICAND TECHNICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 6: Content indicators: Availability of scientific andtechnical information systems in NARS Science and Technical Information Research Data Research Management Information Information for learning in agriculturalcommunities such as for extension andeducation Market related information which informsproducers how to participate effectively inmarkets .
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 6: Content indicators: Availability of scientificand technical information systems in NARS Most of the countries have beendeveloped or in the process of developingcataloguing and indexing services ofagricultural literature through their libraryand documentation centres on regularbasis.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 6: Content indicators: Availability of scientificand technical information systems in NARS In case of abstracts and bibliographies alsomost of countries have been developed orin the process of developing. Most national agricultural research systemsoffer or emerge electronic services(CD-ROM based databases, online-database,electronic journal )
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 6: Content indicators: Availability of scientificand technical information systems in NARS The situation in institutional repositories andopen archive initiative is almost promising.Although in few countries it is poor . Most of the countries are evolving theirinstitutional repositories Open Archive initiatives are weak in theregion.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 6: Content indicators: Availability of scientificand technical information systems in NARS Slow in shifting print-based content in theform of catalogues, indexes, abstracts etc.,to electronic platform for greater sharing atdifferent levels.
  • TABLE 7. RESEARCH DATA AND INFORMATION IN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 7. Research Data and Information in NARS Availability of Research data and informationin NARS are emerging. Except few countries , Knowledge basedsystems are poor or not exists.
  • TABLE 8. RESEARCH MANAGEMENT INFORMATION IN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 8. Research Management Information in NARS Most of the countries have developed orare evolving their research managementinformation system ; few countries are poorin this .
  • TABLE 9. . ICM APPLICATIONS IN LIBRARY AUTOMATION ANDNETWORKING
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 9. Research Management Information in NARS Table 9 indicates that library automationand library information Networks are wellestablished in 50% of the countries in theregion and 40% of the countries are poor ornot exist in library automation applicationsand library information Networks.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 9. Research Management Information in NARS It was observed that some of thedeveloping countries in the region did fullautomation and networking of libraries withseveral information services such ascirculation of documents, access to virtuallibraries, access to on-line journals, accessto open source journals and cooperate withother libraries as consortium members toget access to priced sources of information.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 9. Research Management Information in NARS It seems almost all countries in NENA regionhave access to the electronic and openjournals , but still there are differences whichthe reasons could, be inadequateleadership, poor investments andcapacities as also lack of awareness.
  • TABLE 10. ICM APPLICATIONS THAT ENABLE MANAGEMENTIN NARS
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 10. ICM Applications that enable managementin NARS Cyprus and Jordan emerge and maintainall types of information resources in readilyaccessible form with the application oflatest ICT technologies in crop modeling,precision agriculture, knowledge-basedsystems and information systems thatsupport research management atinstitutional level.
  • TABLE 11. ICM APPLICATIONS THAT ENABLE FARMADVISORY, EXTENSION AND MARKETING
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 11. ICM applications that enable farm advisory,extension and marketing Table 11 illustrates that ICT applicationswhich satisfy the information needs offarmers, extension agents and agri-entrepreneurs to provide relevant marketrelated information to enable producersparticipate effectively in markets, are notfully developed in many agriculturalresearch and innovation systems in theregion.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 11. ICM applications that enable farmadvisory, extension and marketing The application of ICTs in agriculturalmarketing functions across the value chainof a commodity is missing in almost all thecountries with an exception toJordan, , Oman and Turkey. A majority of the countries have poor ICTuse ICTs or are at emerging levels even toprovide market price information in.
  • TABLE12. ICT APPLICATIONS THAT ENABLEAGRICULTURAL EDUCATION
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable12. ICM applications that enable agriculturaleducation Table 12 indicates that ICT applications inthe campus education, distance educationand open education are either mostlyemerging, not exist or poor in existence inthe most countries while in few countriesthey are developed.
  • TABLE 13. ICM APPLICATIONS THAT ENABLEORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONStatus of ICT/ICM in AR4D in theWANA RegionTable 13. ICM applications that enable organizationalmanagement Table 13 indicates that many developingcountries still emerging or poor in existencein the use of ICT for organizationalmanagement. It is also an observation that the financialmanagement systems and personalmanagement are almost developed only ina few countries and the picture is notsatisfactory in majority of countries.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the ReportICT Infrastructure which includeshardware, software, connectivity, skillsetc. Is almost fully developed in theregion, but still there are weakcomponents such as community radio,videoconferencing, open sourcesoftwares, Satellite communication andmobiles atellite vehicle, in the region
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the ICM skills and capacitiesin NARS for webmanagement, programming, Networkmanagement, etc. which includeshardware, software, connectivity, skillsetc. Is almost fully developed in theregion and most of NARS in the regionshave required skills.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the information systems inNARS, although Sharing informationthrough networks in most of the NARS areemerging and all the NARS maintainwebsite domains and disseminateinformation, but use of social networkingtools, web 2.0 and web 3.0, Wiki, RSS andblogs which improve participatory contentcreation and dialogue is not soencouraging and there are weaknesses inthis area.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the policies and strategiesrelated to the information integration, ,the NARS need to strengthen andchange the policies toward moreinteraction and integration with regionaland international standards. We needclarity and strategies on how ICT/ICMcan and are to be use in agriculturaldevelopment.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the Content, which refers toscientific and technical information,research data, research management,etc. , NARS are almost developed theirsystems but still there are weak points inaccessing electronic journals and openarchive initiatives.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the Content, researchdatabases, information on project,knowledge based systems, etc., weneed to strengthen or develop them inthe region.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the ICT/ICM applications, theNARS, although some of the countrieshave successful applications in libraryautomation,virtual libraries,etc.,but stillthere are weaknesses in knowledgebased applications, GIS, Precisionagriculture, etc. which we need tostrengthen or develop them .
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the ICT/ICM applicationsthere are a big gap and weaknesses inthe NARS related to the Farm Advisory &Agricultural ExtensionApplications, Agricultural MarketingInformation SystemApplications,Educational andOrganizational managementandAdministrative information systems
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the ICT/ICM services , thesame problem related to Farm Advisory& Agricultural Extension services,andspeciaaly related to the AgriculturalMarketing Information Systemservices,Educational and Organizationalmanagement and administrativeinformation systems services.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONConclusion of the Report(cont.)Related to the Information andCommunication Channels used forservices , such as internet, intranet,email, website, discussion forums,…fortunately we are in good situation inthe region , but we need to strengthenservices such as teleconferencing,videoconferencing, sms-based servicesand community of practices in NARS.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONRecommendationsWe already have a strong ICTInfrastructure, good skilled humanresources and even good tools andinitiatives which Regional andInternational Organizations offer us(NERAKIN-RAIS, AARINENA Web Tools,CIARD RING,etc.); so it is an urgentpriority to benefit from them.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONRecommendationsNeed to strengthening the awarenessand understanding of the benefits ofICT/ICMDeveloping and strengthening theinstitutional information strategies andpoliciesStrengthening of national networks andnetworking
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONRecommendations(cont.)Agricultural marketing and onlinemarketing are important challengeswhich should focus on theirdevelopment.the role of NINPs at national andregional levels: They should be moreactive to use the new ICM tools andtopics to exchange information andknowledge within the region.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONRecommendations(cont.)Farm Advisory & Agricultural ExtensionInformation Services , such as FarmersCall Centre service, On-line documentsor guides to farmers and extensionworkers, Village information centers,etc., should be developed andstrengthened , so the farmers can bebenefited .
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONRecommendations(cont.)NARS should benefit from Social Mediatools as well as CIARD RING to shareeffectively information related toagricultural research and innovation fordevelopment (ARD).The content issue and its important rolein information and knowledge sharingshould be clarified and It is needed toadvocate the benefits of the digitalaccessibility of content.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONRecommendations(cont.)We need to advocate for thedevelopment of ICT/ICM at national andregional levels. All stakeholders(researchers, librarians, IT staff,administrators and students) need to knowof the advantages that this will bring. We need to work together to change theattitudes of key decision makers bydeveloping clear messages supported byevidence of benefits that will influencepolicies and lead to the reform ofinstitutions.
  • AARINENA 12TH GENERAL CONFERENCE MEETING, 16-17 NOVEMBER 2011, KUWAITICM STATUS REPORT IN WANA REGIONThanks for yourattention