Global Crop Diversity Trust collaboration with PGRN, Dr. L.Guarino

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Global Crop Diversity Trust collaboration with PGRN, Dr. L.Guarino

  1. 2. Background <ul><li>GPA calls on countries to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ develop an efficient goal-oriented, economically efficient and sustainable system of ex situ conservation” and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ develop and strengthen cooperation among national programmes and international institutions to sustain ex situ collections…” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ITPGRFA calls on Parties to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ cooperate to promote the development of an efficient and sustainable system of ex situ conservation” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ cooperate to enhance international activities to promote conservation, evaluation and documentation of PGRFA” </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. The vision <ul><li>A rational global system </li></ul><ul><li>for the efficient and effective </li></ul><ul><li>ex situ conservation </li></ul><ul><li>and sustainable use of PGRFA </li></ul>
  3. 4. Establishment of the Trust <ul><li>Established under international law in Oct. 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Public-private partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Joint initiative of FAO and Bioversity International on behalf of CGIAR Centres </li></ul><ul><li>Endowment fund with target $260 million, generating $12 million/year, in perpetuity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>now stands at approx $100 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Essential element of the funding strategy of ITPGRFA </li></ul>
  4. 5. Making decisions <ul><li>Regional strategies and global crop strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>identify eligible collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>set priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>define most efficient, effective approach for conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>stakeholders involved through regional/crop networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>facilitated through expert consultations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>backup from Trust, Bioversity & CG Centres, FAO </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where are we? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>major crops, all regions available on Trust website </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where do we go from here? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust willing to work with networks etc. to raise funds to implement strategies </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Long-term grants from endowment </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term project funds </li></ul>Building a global system
  6. 7. Criteria for long-term support <ul><li>PGRFA judged important in the context of regional or crop conservation strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Effective links to users </li></ul><ul><li>Material in Multilateral System of ITPGRFA </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities, human resources and management systems adequate to ensure long-term conservation to internationally agreed technical standards </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to act in partnership to achieve a rational system for conserving PGRFA and make them available </li></ul>
  7. 8. Long-term support to in-trust collections in region <ul><li>Barley </li></ul><ul><li>Forages </li></ul><ul><li>Faba bean </li></ul><ul><li>Grasspea </li></ul><ul><li>Lentil </li></ul><ul><li>US$ 300,000/annum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from Trust endowment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US$ 132,000/annum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from ICARDA endowment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. The Global System Project <ul><li>Regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Safety duplication </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>(Collecting) </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Global System Project <ul><li>Regeneration of accessions in priority collections and duplication in long-term conservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21 Annex 1 crops, 60 collections, 70,000 accessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identified by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>crop strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regional networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multilingual regeneration guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strengthening capacity of key genebanks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Duplication in Svalbard International Seed Vault </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from the regenerations of seed crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other important collections (e.g., in trust) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Generation of information and development of information systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>characterization/evaluation of priority collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>competitive grants scheme </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data management system for genebanks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GRIN-Global </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>global accession-level information system </li></ul></ul>The Global System Project
  11. 15. <ul><ul><li>Barley 1,183 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bean 2,719 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cassava 740 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chickpea 966 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cocoyam 109 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cowpea 2,492 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faba bean 826 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F/millet 3,925 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>G rasspea 1,540 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lentil 665 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maize 4,194 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pearl millet 482 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pigeon pea 766 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potato 500 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice 8,791 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S orghum 6,894 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweet potato 950 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taro 200 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat 9,724 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yam 1,508 </li></ul></ul>Status of regeneration
  12. 16. Regeneration projects <ul><li>Individual genebanks </li></ul><ul><li>Crop networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MusaNet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COGENT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REDARFIT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EAPGREN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GRENEWECA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECPGR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAPGREN </li></ul></ul>
  13. 17. Regeneration projects ARI, Albania 6,000 NARO, Uganda 1,691 ARC, Sudan 1,171 National Genebank of Kenya 3,274 BARI, Bangladesh 1,455 National Genebank, Azerbaijan 1,099 EAPGREN 1,316 NCGRB, Nigeria 327 FOFIFA/CENRADERU, Madagascar 2,141 NCPGRU, Ukraine 2,290 GRENEWECA 5,063 PARC, Pakistan 2,576 ICABIOGRAD, Indonesia 1,750 PSARTI, Mongolia 835 IER, Mali 2,773 Pyongyang Crop GR Institute, DPR Korea 5,700 INIA, Peru 2,359 REDARFIT 672 INIAP, Ecuador 500 RNCGR, Tajikistan 1,623 IPB/UPLB, Philippines 1,719 UAC, Benin 680 IRAD, Cameroon 109 UNA La Molina, Peru 1,644 ITRA, Togo 150 UzRIPI, Uzbekistan 257
  14. 18. Trust support to PGRFA in the region <ul><li>Regeneration of unique, threatened accessions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key collection holders identified through crop strategies already contacted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to urgently identify other key collections through regional network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Competitive grants to support evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using GIS to develop subsets of cereal and food legume collections for screening programmes (ICARDA) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GRIN-Global genebank data management system </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. What makes a strong network? <ul><li>Self-financing </li></ul><ul><li>Strong information infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Building on CGIAR Centres and other potential service providers </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on use for major crops </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on regionally important crops </li></ul><ul><li>Outward-looking </li></ul>
  16. 20. Moving towards a global system
  17. 21. Conservation Use Safety backup Long term collection Active collection Breeding/working collection Farmers
  18. 22. شكراً

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