HIV 101 East Valley Community Health Center Alexis Moreno, Health Educator
<ul><li>Human Immunodeficiency Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Virus that causes AIDS </li></ul>
<ul><li>Immune system:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives our bodies the ability to fight infections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HIV ...
 
<ul><li>Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection </li></ul><ul><li>Ca...
<ul><li>Chimpanzee in West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat. </li></ul><ul><li>The virus ...
<ul><li>The virus is not transmitted through day-to-day activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Such as shaking hands, hugging, o...
<ul><li>Body fluids that an transmit HIV: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood of an infected person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sem...
 
<ul><li>Preventing </li></ul><ul><li>Practice abstinence </li></ul><ul><li>Use a new needle every time drugs are injected....
<ul><ul><li>Injected drugs or steroids, during which equipment (such as needles, syringes, cotton, water) and blood were s...
<ul><li>Abstain from sex (do not have oral, anal, or vaginal sex) until in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Even if a pers...
<ul><li>Multiple Sex Partners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get tested for HIV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about HIV and othe...
<ul><li>Inject Drug: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use only clean needle, syringes, and other works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nev...
<ul><li>For protection remember the ABC’s! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>= Abstinence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>= Be Faithful </l...
<ul><li>The only way a person can know if he or she is infected is to be tested for HIV </li></ul>
<ul><li>Within 2-4 weeks after exposure to HIV, a person might have flu-like symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fever, swollen...
<ul><li>Many places offer HIV testing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health departments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doctors’ office...
<ul><li>Anonymous </li></ul><ul><li>Person never provides any contact information </li></ul><ul><li>Test result can not be...
<ul><li>Once HIV enters the body, the body starts to produce antibodies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most HIV tests look for thes...
<ul><li>Primary Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Effort to prevent uninfected people from contracting HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Ov...
<ul><li>If the virus is restricted in its ability to reproduce and spread to new cells, the body will stay healthy. </li><...
<ul><li>www.aids.org/info/what-causes-aids.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.aidsmeds.com/articles </li></ul><ul><li>www.cdc.gov/...
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HIV 101

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Basic information regarding HIV and AIDS.

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  • HIV 101

    1. 1. HIV 101 East Valley Community Health Center Alexis Moreno, Health Educator
    2. 2. <ul><li>Human Immunodeficiency Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Virus that causes AIDS </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Immune system: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives our bodies the ability to fight infections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HIV finds and destroys a type of white blood cell (T cells or CD4 cells) that the immune system must have to fight disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Over time, infection with HIV can weaken the immune system to the point that the system has difficulty fighting off certain infections. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These types of infections are known as opportunistic infections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Opportunistic infections: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infections that arise in individuals whose immune system are compromised or damaged. These infections take advantage of the weakened immune system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The CDC has developed a list of about 24 opportunistic infections. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 5. <ul><li>Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection </li></ul><ul><li>Can take years for a person infected with HIV to reach this stage, even without treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An average of 10 years before a person’s immune system becomes seriously impaired </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Having AIDS means that the virus has weakened the immune system to the point at which the body has a difficult time fighting infection. </li></ul><ul><li>When someone has 1 or more specific infections, certain cancers, or a very low number of T cells, he or she is considered to have AIDS. </li></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>Chimpanzee in West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat. </li></ul><ul><li>The virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world. </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>The virus is not transmitted through day-to-day activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Such as shaking hands, hugging, or a casual kiss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person cannot become infected from a toilet seat, drinking fountain, doorknob, dishes, drinking glasses, food, pets, or mosquitoes </li></ul></ul>Not transmitted by…
    7. 8. <ul><li>Body fluids that an transmit HIV: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood of an infected person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semen of an infected person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaginal Fluid of an infected person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast milk of an infected person </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HIV is transmitted in 3 main ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Having unprotected sex (anal or vaginal) with someone infected with HIV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing needles and syringes with someone infected with HIV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being exposed (fetus or infant) to HIV before, during birth, or through breastfeeding </li></ul></ul>
    8. 10. <ul><li>Preventing </li></ul><ul><li>Practice abstinence </li></ul><ul><li>Use a new needle every time drugs are injected. </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing </li></ul><ul><li>Limit sexual partners </li></ul><ul><li>Use a condom every time </li></ul><ul><li>Clean needles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3x3x3 method </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Get tested for HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Do not have sex when taking drugs or drinking alcohol </li></ul>
    9. 11. <ul><ul><li>Injected drugs or steroids, during which equipment (such as needles, syringes, cotton, water) and blood were shared with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex (without condoms) with multiple partners, anonymous partners, or men who have sex with men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exchanged sex for drugs or money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Been given a diagnosis of, or been treated for, hepatitis, tuberculosis (TB), or a sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as syphilis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Received a blood transfusion or clotting factor during 1978-1985 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had unprotected sex with someone who has any of the risk factors listed above </li></ul></ul>
    10. 12. <ul><li>Abstain from sex (do not have oral, anal, or vaginal sex) until in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Even if a person believes he or she is low risk, getting an HIV test whenever a person has a regular medical check –up is suggested by the CDC </li></ul><ul><li>Do not have sex when taking drugs or drinking alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Do not inject illicit drugs </li></ul>
    11. 13. <ul><li>Multiple Sex Partners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get tested for HIV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about HIV and other STDs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner’s past behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners tested for HIV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a latex condom and lubricant every time having sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STD treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other STDs can increase a person’s risk of getting HIV </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated against hepatitis B virus </li></ul></ul>
    12. 14. <ul><li>Inject Drug: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use only clean needle, syringes, and other works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never share needles, syringes, or other works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful not to expose him/herself to another person’s blood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get tested for HIV, test at least once a year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider getting counseling and treatment for drug use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B viruses </li></ul></ul>
    13. 15. <ul><li>For protection remember the ABC’s! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>= Abstinence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>= Be Faithful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>= Condoms </li></ul></ul>
    14. 16. <ul><li>The only way a person can know if he or she is infected is to be tested for HIV </li></ul>
    15. 17. <ul><li>Within 2-4 weeks after exposure to HIV, a person might have flu-like symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fever, swollen glands, muscle aches, diarrhea, fatigue or rash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms usually go away after a week or two </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May include loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, night sweats, skin rashes, diarrhea, tiredness, lack of resistance to infection or swollen lymph nodes. </li></ul>
    16. 18. <ul><li>Many places offer HIV testing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health departments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doctors’ offices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites specifically set up to provide HIV testing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Locate a testing site by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.HIVLA.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East Valley Community Health Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>909-620-8088 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>626-919-4333 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 19. <ul><li>Anonymous </li></ul><ul><li>Person never provides any contact information </li></ul><ul><li>Test result can not be linked to person in any way </li></ul><ul><li>Person is given a code number linked to test result and lab slip </li></ul><ul><li>Confidential </li></ul><ul><li>Person provides identifying information </li></ul><ul><li>Test result is filed separately </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to name in confidential medical record </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CA laws protect test result from being disclosed </li></ul>
    18. 20. <ul><li>Once HIV enters the body, the body starts to produce antibodies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most HIV tests look for these antibodies rather than the virus itself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are many different kinds of HIV tests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OraSure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OraQuick </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 21. <ul><li>Primary Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Effort to prevent uninfected people from contracting HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Over 98% of all test results statewide are negative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 50% of all positive results statewide have previously tested negative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>The effort to prevent those infected with HIV from progressing to further disease </li></ul><ul><li>A positive disclosure session facilitates medical follow-up and self-care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Referrals may be made for other programs or psychosocial support </li></ul></ul>
    20. 22. <ul><li>If the virus is restricted in its ability to reproduce and spread to new cells, the body will stay healthy. </li></ul><ul><li>Combination therapies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combine different classifications of anti-retroviral drugs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appear to stop the replication of the virus, though they do not eradicate the virus entirely from the body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively new, 1995. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide referrals or direct linkage to needed services. </li></ul>
    21. 23. <ul><li>www.aids.org/info/what-causes-aids.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.aidsmeds.com/articles </li></ul><ul><li>www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/basic </li></ul><ul><li>www.hivla.org </li></ul><ul><li>UCSF AIDS Health Project. HIV Prevention Counselor Training Program , 2004. </li></ul>

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