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Scientific Method
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Scientific Method

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Transcript

  • 1. Think about this…… Do you think chimpanzees can learn American Sign Language? How about use a computer? Why or why not?
  • 2. Meet Jane Goodall…
  • 3. SCIENTIFIC METHOD
    • This is a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and solve problems
  • 4. Is there only one scientific method?
    • No! There are several versions of this scientific process ranging in the number of steps.
    • However, all versions begin with a question to be answered based on observations of the world around us and provide an organized method for conducting and analyzing an experiment.
  • 5. Problem
    • This is a question you want to solve
  • 6. Research
    • To study & gather information about the problem you want to solve
      • Places to do research: your class notes, science book, library, internet, encyclopedia, television, etc.
  • 7. Hypothesis
    • To make an educated guess or best guess about what you think will happen in the experiment.
    • Usually has the words “If... Then”
      • IF I eat too much, THEN I will get sick
  • 8. Materials
    • All of the tools and equipment you will need to complete the lab & solve the problem
  • 9. Safety
    • What safety equipment should you use/wear?
    • What safety precautions should you follow?
    • Refer to your safety manual
  • 10. Procedures
    • Write down ALL of the steps you will need to follow so you can complete the lab & solve the problem
  • 11. Test Hypothesis
    • It’s time to perform the experiment 
    • Follow your procedures
    • Make observations
    • Collect data
  • 12. Organize Data
    • Show your results by making graphs, charts, tables, pictures, diagrams, etc.
  • 13. Conclusion Answer the following questions:
    • Was your hypothesis correct or incorrect?
    • What did you learn?
    • What did YOU do during the lab?
    • What were your results?
    • Were there any errors or problems?
    • Would you do anything different next time?