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  • 1. The Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 SWOT Analysis
  • 2. Background of the RET, Act <ul><li>“ The Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education Act” , was passed by parliament in August last year. </li></ul><ul><li>the government has finalized the expenditure sharing between State and Centre in the ratio of 65-35.  65 percent expenditure will be borne by the Centre government and rest will be by the State government for implementing the law making education a fundamental Right. </li></ul><ul><li>Article 21-A, as inserted by the Constitution (Eighty-Sixth Amendment) Act, 2002, provides for free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right. </li></ul>
  • 3. Cont… <ul><li>Consequently, the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, has been enacted by the Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This was a matter of national importance for UPA (United Progressive Alliance). This bill is just not about taking children to school. This is a bill that speaks about quality education, it speaks about the physical infrastructure, teacher-pupil ratio, qualification of teachers,” Human Resource Development (HRD) Minister Kapil Sibal said. </li></ul>
  • 4. Points which are more highlighted <ul><li>Free and compulsory education to all children of India in the six to 14 age group. </li></ul><ul><li>  No child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until completion of elementary education. </li></ul><ul><li>  A child who completes elementary education (upto class 8) shall be awarded a certificate. </li></ul><ul><li>  Calls for a fixed student-teacher ratio </li></ul>
  • 5. Cont… <ul><li>  Will apply to all of India except Jammu and Kashmir. </li></ul><ul><li>  Provides for 25 percent reservation for economically disadvantaged communities in admission to Class One in all private schools. </li></ul><ul><li>  Mandates improvement in quality of education. </li></ul><ul><li>  School teachers will need adequate professional degree within five years or else will lose job. </li></ul>
  • 6. Cont… <ul><li>  School infrastructure (where there is problem) to be improved in three years, else recognition cancelled. </li></ul><ul><li>  Financial burden will be shared by state and central government. </li></ul>

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